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人教版必修二Unit3computers知识点总结


Unit3 Computers

1. _____________ vt. 计算;预测 calculate 2. _____________ vt.简化;使单纯 simplify 3. _____________ adv.completely totally 4. _____________ adv.anyway anyhow

5. _____________ n. 财政,财政学 finance

6. _______________ adj.普遍的 universal 7. _______________ n.智力;智能 intelligence 8. _______________ n.应用;申请 application 9. _______________ vt.下载 download 10. ______________ adv. 就个人而言 personally 11. ______________ v. 解决;解答 solve 12. ______________ n.幸福;快乐 happiness 13. ______________ appearance n.外观;出现

逻辑上;合逻辑地 14.logically adv._____________________

15.network n. _____________________ 网络;网状物
16.technology n._____________________ 工艺;科技;技术
人造的;假的 17.artificial adj._____________________

18.explore v.

_____________________ 探索;探究

19.electronic adj.____________________ 电子的
性格;特点 20.character n. ____________________

1. 共同;共有 2. 作为??开始 4. 因此;结果

___________________ in common ___________________ begin as ___________________ as a result

3. (从??旁)走过 ___________________ go by 5. 实际上;事实上 ___________________ in reality 6. 在??的帮助下 ___________________ with the help of 7. 处理 ___________________ deal with 8. 看守,监视 ___________________ watch over

9. 从那时起 10. 与……分享

__________________ from then on __________________ share... with...

技术革命 11.a technological revolution___________

12.artificial intelligence _______________ 人工智能
13.a devoted friend __________________ 一位忠诚的朋友

14.in a way
15.after all

__________________ 在某种程度上 毕竟 __________________

16.a calculating machine_______________ 计算机器
17.make good use of _______________ 充分利用
从网络下载信息 ______________

18.download information from the Internet

19. electronic brain 20.win second place

______________ 电脑;电子计算机 ______________ 赢得第二名

Ⅰ.单词拼写 1.Something is bound to happen one way or another to end the conflict or s olve the problem. 2.A red light is usually a s ignal of danger. 3.The process of applying for passports has been simplified (简化). 4.They won the game by three g oals to one. 5.I mean he's a nice enough guy—he's just not my type (类型). 6.From his room, he canexplore (探索) the world.

│ 课前热身
7.P ersonally , I think she is a very good woman, but you may not agree. 8.Unexpected difficulties a rose in the course of their experiment. 9.He would go in and see anyhow . 10.Robots can also be called a rtificial intelligence.

│ 课前热身
Ⅱ.完成短语 1.从……时起 2.在某种程度上 3.处理,对付 4.结果 5.毕竟,终究 6.监视,看守 from… on a in a way deal withh aas a result after all l watch over r

Ⅲ.完成句子 1.一年又一年过去了,电脑被制造得越来越小。 As the years have , computers have been made smaller and smaller. 2.在老师的帮助下,我们按时完成了实验。 , we finished the experiment on time. 3.从某种程度上看,我的程序员好比是我的教练。 ,my programmer is like my coach. 4.那个学生为他的迟到编造了一个借口。 The student . 5.我们应该避免以貌取人。 We should avoid judging people .

1. common adj.共同的,普遍的;常见的 The common man in every country is anxious for world peace. 每个国家的老百姓都渴望世界和平。 Snow is common in cold countries.在寒冷的国家雪是常见的。 常用结构: in common共有,公用(在句中多作状语) have nothing/little/a lot/something in common (with).... 与……没有/很少/许多/有些共同之处 in common with和……一样 common sense常识 【即学即练】 完成句子 ①我和简毫无共同之处。 I have nothing ______ ______ ______ Jane. ②她已和许多人一起申请参加训练。 ______ ______ ______ many others, she applied for a training place.

vt.简化;使简易 simple adj. 简单的;容易的 simply adv. 简单地;容易地;只,仅仅;朴素地

│ 单词点睛
【活学活用】 (1)你给孩子们讲解时要设法讲得简单明了。 for the children. (2) 地震后,我们用砖和树枝搭成一个简陋的避难所。 After the earthquake, we use bricks and branches of trees .

1.原句:I developed very slowly and it took nearly two hundred years before I was built as an analytical machine by Charles Babbage.
我发育缓慢,差不多到了两百年之后,查尔· 巴比奇才把我制成了一台分析机。

句型:It takes some time before... 过了多久才……

仿写:请将下列句子译成英文。
⑴ 一份杂志要经过几年才会开始赚钱。 __________________________a magazine starts to make money.

⑵ 过了很长一段时间那场大火才渐渐熄灭。 ________________________the big fire died out.

⑶ 最早的电话并不受人欢迎,过了很长一

段时间人们才开始租用或购买电话。
The earliest telephones were not popular

and ______________________ people
began to hire or buy them.

2.As time went by ,I was made smaller. 随着时间的流逝,我被做得更小。(L16, P18) 句型:As time went by,... 随着时 间的流逝,……

仿句:完成句子。
⑴ 随着时间的推移,我们相信一切都会更美好。 We are sure that everything will be better______ _____________________ . ⑵ 随着时间的推移,我们国家会越来越发达。 _____________________,our country will become more and more developed.

⑶ 春去秋来,当年的小屁孩“黑龙”已经出落 成仪表堂堂的大小伙子了。
_______________________________,the littlenoted kid Black Dragon had grown up to a distinguished looking young man.

结果,因此 【课文原句】

As a result I totally changed my

shape.
多用来说明前面的事情带来的结果,或指原因导致的结果。 以插入语的形式出现,在句中作状语。 as a result of without result result from result in 作为……的结果,由于…… 无效地,毫无结果地 由于,起于 导致,终于造成……的结果

【温馨提示】 在as a result中,a通常不能换作the;但在as a result of 中, 可使用the,即as the result of。

│ 短语储存
【活学活用】 (1)因为下雨,我们昨天没去上课。 It rained yesterday. . =We didn't go to class . (2)他一直努力找工作,可直到现在仍毫无结果。 He has tried hard to find a job, until now . (3)全球变暖是燃烧石油等矿物燃料引起的,从而导致了温室 气体被排放到大气中。 Global warming fossil fuels, such as petroleum products, the release of greenhouse gas into the atmosphere.

│ 句型透视

And my memory became so large that even I couldn’t believe it!

│ 句型透视

【句式分析】 这是一个so…that…引导的结果状语从句,在此句型中, so是副词,其后跟形容词或副词,that后跟结果状语从句。

│ 句型透视

【温馨提示】 (1)如果名词前为a lot of等,则用such…that…。如: There were such a lot of people there that I had to sit at the back of the lecture hall. 那里人很多,我只好坐在大厅的后面。

(2)so…that…中的so放在句首时,通常采用部分倒装。如: So clever a student was he that he was able to work out all the difficult problems.
(3)so…that…与such…that…一样,都能引导结果状语从句, 但前者中的so是副词,因此其后跟形容词或副词,而后者 中的such是形容词,因此其后应跟名词。 句型公式一:…such+a/an(+形容词)+单数名词+ that从句 句型公式二:…such(+形容词)+名词复数/不可数名词+ that从句。如: They are such small shoes that I can't wear them. =Such small shoes are they that I can't wear them.

│ 短语储存
【活学活用】 1.根据汉语提示完成句子

(这对夫妇如此好奇) about the wild plants that they decided to make a trip to Madagascar for further research. 2.同义句转换 Marvin is so honest that he will not accept a bribe(贿赂). =Marvin is such an honest man that he will not accept a bribe. =So that he will not accept a bribe.

│ 单词点睛
adv. (=anyway)无论如何;反正;尽管; 即使这样(用于转移话题,结束谈话或回到原话题) somehow adv. 以某种方式;用某种方法;从某种角度 somehow or other 设法;想办法 somewhat adv. 有点,稍微

│ 单词点睛
【活学活用】
(1)可能下雪,但无论如何我都要进城。 It may snow, but (2)他怎么想办法也不能使她信服。 He couldn't . (3)我的夹克和你的有点相似。 My jacket .

.

│ 单词点睛
adv. 就个人而言(常用于一句话的开始); 亲自;个别地(可以放在句首或句末) personally speaking frankly speaking generally speaking to be honest in person in the flesh 就个人来说;就自己而言 坦诚地说;坦率地说 一般说来;总的说来 说实话 亲自,亲身 本人,当面

│ 单词点睛
【活学活用】

(1)就个人而言, 我认为他是个很好的人, 但你也许不同意。 , but you may not agree. (2)这家旅馆的主人亲自欢迎我们。 The owner of the hotel .

│ 单词点睛
vi. (arose, arisen)出现;发生 arise from / out of由……而引起;从……中产生
【温馨提示】 (1)arise为不及物动词,没有被动语态。 (2)arise 作“呈现;发生;出现”之意时,主语多为一个 抽象名词,如argument/problem/quarrel/question。 【活学活用】 (1)这次吵架是怎么发生的呢? How did the quarrel arise? (2)疏忽大意往往会引起事故的发生。 Accidents often arise from carelessness.

【易混辨析】 arise, rise, raise (1)arise是不及物动词,意为“出现、发现”,常用于抽象事物, 一般表示事物和问题的产生和出现。 (2)rise是不及物动词,无arise 的抽象用法,只表示事物向较高 的地方或水平移动。 (3)raise为及物动词,“使……上升”,“举起”等。
用rise,arise或raise的适当形式完成句子 (1)The sun has not yet . (2)Quarrels among the audience. (3)They a monument to the national hero.

2. arise vi. 出现;发生;起身,起床 How did the argument arise? She arose from her seat. 用法点拨: arise 是不及物动词,没有被动语态。作“出现,发生” 讲时,主语多为抽象名词,如argument/quarrel/movement等。 arise from 由……而引起,由……而产生。
原形 arise vi.出现, 发生,起因于 过去式 过去分词 v.-ing

arose aroused rosen

arisen aroused rise raised

arising arousing rising raising

【易混辨析】arouse vt.唤醒,
激起
rise vi. 升起, 增长,上升

raise vt.举起, 唤起;提高, 饲养

raised

考点1 in a way 在某种程度上 【课文】 In a way our programmer is like our coach. all the way 一路上;自始至终;完全 by the way 顺便说 in no way 一点也不;决不 in the way 挡道;碍事 No way! [俚]别想!没门! on one's way/the way to 在??路上

│ 短语储存

in the way in no way feel one's way push one's way make one's way

妨碍别人;挡道 一点也不,决不 摸索着前进 挤着前进 前往; 排除困难前进

│ 短语储存
【活学活用】 (1)从某种程度上说,这工作做得不错。 The work . (2)看来你的汽车挡道了。 I’m afraid your car is

.

(3)顺便问一下,我给你的那些钱怎么了? , what has happened to all the money I gave you?

_____ ____ _____ can we miss the chance that someone will be sent abroad for further education. 我们决不能错过这个被派往国外深造的机会。
—Thank you for your MP4 player. I'll ask Mary to take it to you soon. —__________.I've bought a new one. A.No sense B.No hurry C.No way D.No use

│ 短语储存

看守; 监视; 照看
watch out 当心; 注意 watch out for 当心; 注意寻找

│ 短语储存
【活学活用】 (1)我游泳时你看着我的衣物行吗? Could you (2)他感觉到上帝在保佑着他。 He felt that God

while I have a swim?

.

(3)他们等待着进一步的发展。 They further developments.

【即学即练】 He minds so much about his position in the office that he _________ any chance to be promoted. A.watches out B.looks up C.points out D.watches out for

make up 化妆;化装;捏造,虚构(故事,诗等)

She spent an hour making (herself) up before the party. Stop making things up!
【联想拓展】 make up for 补偿 be made up of = consist of 由……组成 make for 有利于……,有助于……;走向;冲向 make it 及时赶到;办成功 make out 理解;懂得;辨认出

make fun of 取笑;捉弄 make sense 有意义;有道理;讲得通 make sure 确信 A bike is made up of many different parts. 完成句子 ①我们需要50美元以补足所需要的数目。 We need $50 to ______ ______ ______ the sum required. ②那位经理的字迹很难辨认。 It was difficult to ______ ______ the manager’s handwriting.

【活学活用】 (1)她在聚会前用了一个小时化妆。 She spent an hour . (2)六十个学生组成了我们的班级,也就是说,我们的班级 由六十个学生组成。 Sixty students our class.That is to say, our class sixty students. (3)晚饭铃响了, 学生们都涌向餐厅。 When the bell for supper rang, all the students .

单项填空 ③In Singapore, a southeastern Asian country, the Chinese people ______ the largest percentage of its population, so you can speak Chinese there. A. make up C. hold up B. take up D. turn up

【 课 文 】 This means that it should clean the house , mop the floors,cook the dinner and deal with telephone calls. cope with handle sth 处理;对付 处理某事

│ 短语储存
【易混辨析】 deal with, do with (1)deal with 表示“处理,对付;关于,论及;与某人或某 事相处,打交道”,常与how连用。如: I don't know how to deal with these bad children. (2)do with 表示“处理;安排”, 常与what连用。如: What will you do with the box?

│ 短语储存
【活学活用】 翻译句子,注意deal with 的意思 (1)He knows well how to deal with children. a (2)The book deals with how to deal with such a deal. a (3)This means that it should clean the house, mop the floor, cook the dinner and deal with telephone calls.

【即学即练】 With the world changing fast , we have something new _____ with all by ourselves every day. A.deal B.dealt C.to deal D.dealing

│ 短语储存
毕竟;到底

After you! in all first of all above all

[口语]您先请! 总共 首先 首先,最重要的

│ 短语储存
【活学活用】 (1)他到底还是成功了。 He succeeded . (2)别怪他打碎那个花瓶, 他毕竟是小孩子嘛。 Don't blame him for breaking that vase; .

e

application n. 应用;用途;申请 __________ v.申请;请求 apply ___________ applicant n. 申请人;请求者;求职者

___________ applied adj. 应用的;实用的
_____________ apply ...for ... [搭配]向……申请…… apply...to ... [搭配]把……应用到…… _____________

⑴ Those ___________ (apply) can apply ___ the job in person or by letter.

⑵ People should apply theory_____ practice. ⑶ It was said that the manager only received twenty _____________ (apply)for the position due to the low wages.

4.with the help of 在……的帮助下
运用:按汉语提示完成句子。

⑴ 在一位警察的帮助下,我最终找到了他的房子。 I found his house__________________________. ⑵ 在朋友们的帮助下,他终于解决了这个问题。 __________________________,he finally solved the problem.

一)单词拼写

1.We have a lot in c________, so we often have a lot to talk about. 2.Many of the students take their c_________ into the classroom to help them do some maths work, which is not preferred by the teachers. 3.Once he was considered to be s__________, for he couldn’t work out the simplest numbers. 4. Robots can also be called a______i____________. 5. Everything has it's a_________ and d___________. 6. A good c_______ when facing difficulties is to stay calm.

7. P________, I d________ with you on your plan. 8. I need some m________ to make a dress. 9. Once he was the c_______ of our football team. 10.It's dangerous for a young lady w________ in the street late at night. 11. would you please find a m_______ to sweep the floor? It’s too dirty. 12.Use your b_______, and you will have a way.

二)请根据中文意思完成下列句子。 1. 在我看来,这食物不够。 _____ ______ ________, the food is not enough. 2.昨天他参加了智力考试。 Yesterday, he took an i________________ test. 3.他不知道该怎么对付他那顽皮的儿子。 He don’t know how to ______ ________ his naughty son.

4.你的胃痛并不令人惊奇,毕竟你吃得太多了。 It’s not surprising you’ve got stomachache. _____ ______ you have eaten too much. 5.他们彼此毫无共同点。 They have nothing in ________ with one another. 6.在我电脑的帮助下我可以及时完成的我工 作。 ______ _____ ______ my computer, I could finish my job in time. 7.在某种程度上,你所说的有道理。 ___ ___ ____, what you said is reasonable.

1.—What about last night party? —It turned out to be much more successful than A.expect B.being expected C.to expect D.expected

.

│ 跟踪训练
2.In our class, when the bell rang and the teacher closed his book, it was a for everyone to stand up. A.signal B.chance C.mark D.measure

│ 跟踪训练
3.—After the UN conference in Copenhagen, the switch to lowcarbon life, I think, is . —I agree with you. A.in a way B.on the way C.by the way D.in the way

│ 跟踪训练
4.Running a company is not a matter of hiring people—they also need to be trained. A.simply B.partly C.seriously D.equally

│ 跟踪训练
5.The weather was my room. A.really B.such cold that I didn't like to leave
C.Too D.so

│ 跟踪训练
6.Why are you so anxious? It isn't your problem A.on purpose B.in all C.on time D.after all .

│ 跟踪训练
7.Don't being late. A.take up C.make up any excuse.You'd better apologize for B.look up D.put up

│ 跟踪训练
8.It is a truth acknowledged that when one has gained material wealth,he'll surely seek for spiritual enjoyment. A.partly B.universally C.particularly D.previously

│ 跟踪训练
9.—Do you really want to go out? —It may rain. I shall go out; I don't mind the rain. A.Anyway B.Otherwise C.Somehow D.Therefore

│ 跟踪训练
10.American Indians U.S.population. A.fill up C.make up about five percent of the B.bring up D.set up

│ 跟踪训练
11.The Great Wall is tourist attraction that millions of people pour in every year. A.so a wellknown B.a so wellknown C.such wellknown D.such a wellknown

│ 跟踪训练
12.—The dinner was delicious! —I agree.I am so full. —That's too bad.But some dessert . A.has ordered B.will be ordered C.has been ordered D.was going to be ordered

│ 跟踪训练
13.The loss has not yet been accurately, but it is believed to be well beyond a hundred million dollars. A.calculated B.considered C.completed D.controlled

│ 跟踪训练
14.—I'm afraid that I can't finish the task as soon as planned. — . A.Don't be afraid B.Don't mention it C.I suppose so D.Take your time

│ 跟踪训练
15.Whenever he came across difficulties, his father used to come and help to them. A.meet with B.deal with C.live with D.judge with

1.—I think he is taking an active part in social work. —I agree with you__________. A.in a way B.on the way C.by the way D.in the way

2.My friend Martin was very sick with a fever; __________,he could neither eat nor sleep. A.as a result B.after all C.anyway D.otherwise

5 . The fellow was caught stealing and is now__________in the police station. A.watching over B.watching out for C.being watched over D.being watched out for


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