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广东省惠州市2017届高三上学期第二次调研模拟考试英语试题 Word版含答案


惠州市 2017 届高三第二次调研考试 英 语
2016.10 本试卷分选择题和非选择题两部分。满分 120 分(最终成绩按总分 135 分进 行折算) ,考试用时 120 分钟。 注意事项:
1. 本试卷分第Ⅰ卷(选择题)和第Ⅱ卷(非选择题)两部分。 2. 答题前,考生务必将自己的姓名,准考证号填写在答题卡相应的位置。 3. 全部答案应在答题卡上完成,答在本试卷上无效。 4. 考试结束后,将答题卡交回。

第I卷
第二部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分 40 分) 第一节 (共 15 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题 卡上将该项涂黑。 A Flying can be fun and exciting, no matter what you choose to do. But have you ever thought about what happens on the plane? Here are some of the most interesting things that happen. Do planes drop human waste while in flight? When you flush a toilet on a plane at an altitude of 30,000 feet, there must be a question on your mind: “Is this about to land on a farmer’s house?” Take it easy. A plane’s toilets cannot be emptied in the sky. The waste is stored in tanks on board and can only be operated by the ground crew. However, why is news like “blue ice falling out of a plane” reported? Is blue ice human waste? Stories about blue ice are true but rarely happen. The FAA said some lavatory holding tanks have a blue chemical in them. If a tank leaks high in the air, the water freezes once it hits the outside air, and melts before it lands on the ground.

Is turbulence (颠簸) dangerous? It’s scary, uncomfortable and spills your drink. But is turbulence something you really need to worry about? Absolutely not. It’s part of flying, and it isn’t dangerous. Turbulence is caused when two masses of air hit one another at different speeds. Wind, thunderstorms and closeness to mountains are all possible reasons. Despite how dangerous it feels, turbulence won’t crash your plane. Even in extremely rough air, the wing is not going to break off. Why are plane windows round? If you have traveled by plane before, you may have noticed that every plane window has a round design. This isn’t to make the plane look good. It’s for the safety of everyone on board. As the airplane flies higher and higher, the outside atmospheric pressure gets lower and lower. In the end, the pressure inside the plane becomes greater than the pressure outside. At this time, windows that can resist pressure are needed. Square windows can crack. The different pressure inside and outside put stress on the right angles. However, rounded corners help to reduce these stresses by spreading them around the window. 21. It can be learned from the passage that________. A. passengers’ waste falls onto the land direct B. blue ice frequently falls out of planes C. blue ice from a plane is a great safety threat D. passengers’ waste is dealt with on the ground 22. According to the passage, turbulence________. A. is very dangerous C. may crash a plane B. seldom happens during flying D. can be caused for many reasons

23. The plane window has a round design for the purpose of _________. A. economy B. security C. beauty D. convenience

24. The passage is meant to ________. A. tell us some interesting facts about flying B. inform us of flying safety tips C. warn us of the danger of flying

D. introduce us the design of a plane B Chinese colleges have come up with an unusual way to help freshmen settle in. They turn their gyms into campsites for moms and dads, some of whom have traveled thousands of miles across the country, to say goodbye. For the past five years, Tianjin University in northern China has provided free accommodation for parents in what it calls "tents of love". Other schools let parents sleep on mats in school gymnasiums. "Going to college is a life moment and my parents didn’t want to miss that," said Zhang Jinqi, a freshman at Tianjin University majoring in applied chemistry. His parents traveled with him on the 19-hour train journey from Jiangxi province in southern China. Images of schools gyms packed with parents have been widely shared on Chinese social media prompting a debate on whether China’s only children are too coddled. Some have voiced criticism of Tianjin University, saying that they think both the parents and the children should be more independent. Xiong Bingqi, the deputy director of think-tank 21st Century Education Research Institute, thinks the problem is overstated. "It has always been a problem in China that at the start of every school year, colleges are packed with parents who come along to drop off their children and stay with them," he said. "For some families, it’s their way to celebrate the first-ever family member who’s able to go to college," Xiong added. "There’s nothing wrong with sharing the happiness." Zhang’s father said the decision to escort their son was a no-brainer. He and his wife are among the many "campers" who sleep in the 550 temporary tents set up in the Tianjin University gym. "My child has lots of luggage and we also want to go travel," said his father Zhang Yonghui. "The hotels nearby are fully booked so I had to sleep in the tents." Their son also shrugged off the criticism although he said he was looking forward to living on his own for the first time. "Being accompanied by my parents doesn’t mean I’m spoiled." 25. Zhang Jinqi thought his parents accompanied him to his university mainly because _____. A. they wanted to go to travel in Tianjin B. they wanted to help him with his luggage

C. they wanted to witness his important life moment D. they doubted his independence 26. Xiong Bingqi thinks going to college with parents’ company ______. A. is not such a serious problem as people think B. is a chance for freshmen to travel with their parents C. is a long-lasting problem to be solved D. is not good for the freshmen to build up their independence 27. The underlined phrase “shrugged off” probably means_________. A. was in favor of C. was ashamed of 28. What’s the main idea of the passage? A. “Tents of love” is widely criticized. B. Chinese only children are too spoiled. C. There are different opinions on “tents of love”. D. Chinese college education is faced with a big challenge. C Times are a little tough at our house right now. Neither of us makes a lot of money, but years of experience have taught us how to walk between the raindrops and make it from one month to the next with a fair amount of grace. I cook a lot at home, more when we're facing lean times. When I know that I have to keep us fed on not much money, I fall back on my grandmother's recipes. She taught me to cook. When I was a kid, my twin brother and I spent long summer weeks and Christmas vacations with my mother's parents in the mountains of North Carolina. Rather than go hunting with my grandfather on frozen mornings, I found myself more and more in the kitchen with my grandmother, watching her making a lemon cheese pie with her soft hands. My great-grandmother died when my grandmother was 11 years old. As the eldest daughter, she was expected to take on all of the housework while attending school. Throughout the Great Depression, she learned how to make a little food go a long way. Vegetables were cheap, so she cooked a lot of them, mostly only using small amounts of meat for seasoning. Roast beef was a twice-a-month luxury, but there was nothing she couldn't do with a chicken, B. thought nothing of D. was concerned about

every part of it. Nothing went to waste. Now I understand that her food was sacred(神圣的). I feel connected to my grandmother and to hundreds of years of family when I'm in my kitchen making country food. In the delicious smells is a long tale of victory over hard times, of conquering starvation—of not just surviving, but finding joy and pleasure in every meal of every day. From grandmother I learned to take real satisfaction in feeding people. My grandmother would beam with pleasure over a heavily laden table and say:“Do you know what this would cost at the restaurant?”I never knew what restaurant in particular she had in mind, but I knew that the question was totally not fair, because no restaurant anywhere can cook like a grandmother. But now, thanks to her guidance and years of practice, I can. 29. According to the passage, the author cooks a lot at home because__________. A. she wants to try out her grandmother’s recipes B. she is quite particular about food C. the food in restaurants is unhealthy D. she and her husband are embarrassed financially 30. According to the passage, the author’s grandmother__________. A. learnt to cook because of the Great Depression B. was good at cooking as well as careful in budgeting C. preferred chicken to beef D. had to walk a long way to learn cooking in a restaurant 31. It can be inferred from the passage that the author___________. A. liked to compare her grandmother’s food with that in restaurants B. learnt something more precious than cooking from her grandmother C. hasn’t found the joy in cooking though she can cook like her grandmother D. feels connected to her grandmother when making country food in the kitchen 32. Which of the following can be the best title of the passage? A. Cook like my grandmother B. My grandmother’s sacred food C. My grandmother’s recipe D. Joy and pleasure in cooking

D The city of Hangzhou in Zhejiang province is a frequent headline. As a major tourist attraction in China, there were so many tourists during last year’s hottest travel seasons that most of them see only the top of each other’s heads rather than one of the many sights. Hangzhou is also famous for creativity and famous people, being home to Internet giants such as the Alibaba Group and Net Ease. However, the city has never drawn so much attention as it did in September, when the G20 Summit welcomed heads of the world’s 20 major economies and international organizations. For two days, they discussed topics including strengthened policy coordination, building new paths for growth, effective economic and financial governance, as well as strong world trade and investment. On the night of Sept 4, the city also entertained its guests and audience from around the world with a marvelous party directed by Zhang Yimou. The show, entitled Symphony on West Lake is based on Zhang Yimou’s Impressions of West Lake, an astonishing performance that takes place right on the surface of the water, combining music, dance, and light effects all against the backdrop of nature. Influential discussions and attractive shows may be enough to draw the world’s attention toward Hangzhou, and for young people around the world, the G20 summit has more to offer. It is a global event that they can take part in as volunteers, to develop their communication skills. It is a multicultural dialogue, affecting these young people’s future career; it motivates and inspires youths of different cultures to exchange ideas; it even helps young Chinese people to learn more about their own culture. And these reasons are what are drawing the notice of young people toward the G20 summit. 33. What has been discussed in the G20 Summit according to the passage? A. New policy of political growth B. International cooperation of economic development C. Exploration of outer space D. Communication of worldwide culture 34. Which can be inferred from the passage? A. Most tourists enjoyed Hangzhou sights last year.

B. Hangzhou drew the most attention for its beauty. C. Hangzhou is a city of entertainment. D. The marvelous party was probably held outdoors. 35. What can be learnt from the last paragraph? A. The G20 Summit was only intended to benefit Hangzhou. B. The Summit volunteers were Chinese young people. C. The Summit will influence the young people a lot. D. Volunteers came to the Summit to learn about cultures. 第二节 (共 5 小题,每小题 2 分,满分 10 分) 根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为 多余选项。 ? Ways to get rid of jealousy. Jealousy is like a poison. It is difficult to avoid such moments in life . Sometimes, this feeling comes from the sensation of envy that we tend to experience when we notice others “better” lives, appearances, successes, and so on.___36___ . It can ruin relationships, friendships, as well as a sense of satisfaction. Here are some tips to help get rid of jealousy. ? Be confident. Not all of us are born with confidence. It takes years of practice to find self-assurance. Follow the ‘fake it till you make it’ method. ___37___ Day by day, confidence forms. If you feel

confident in yourself, you are less likely to feel inferior to others. ? Don’t compare yourself. Comparison is the most significant aspect of jealousy. If you are able to avoid comparing yourself to others, you will experience a new-found sense of freedom. A good way to judge this is by valuing imperfection. ___38___ We are all constantly growing and improving throughout our lives, which is value in failure. ? ___39___ When you are feeling upset, remind yourself of your positive qualities. Reflecting on what you do well puts your life into perspective, which is always a plus! A positive spin can be placed on almost anything that you may see as a negative event. There is always a way to find a positive angle.

?

Make a healthy change. Most of us wish to change,especially faced with something that we are forced to accept.

However, most of the things that people tend to feel jealous about can in fact change in a healthy way. If you feel jealous of someone else’s accomplishments, use it as motivation to work harder to achieve your own goals. Just remember, if the change you want to make is healthy, go for it.___40___ A Act positively. B Think positively.

C Jealousy is like a snake. D Jealousy has the potential to kill happiness . E Use the feelings of jealousy as motivation to improve yourself. F If you take it as a part of your routine, it will gradually become natural to you. G Use your weakness as a learning experience, rather than as a chance to make you feel bad.

第三部分 英语知识运用(共两节, 满分 45 分) 第一节 完形填空(共 20 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A, B, C, D)中,选出可以填入空白处的 最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 Singapore Day - Is it a worthwhile investment? San Francisco saw thousands of Singaporeans and friends get together last Saturday to enjoy a day of fun and 41 . Singapore Day 2016 was filled with 43 42 memories of years growing 44 ,

up in Singapore, getting

on happenings back home and enjoying delights like 45

games and barbecues. The crowd Chee Hean 46

their loudest cheers for Deputy Prime Minister Teo 47 .

he conveyed the country's best wishes to her sons and daughters living 48

Despite the goodwill of this

much-anticipated event, questions were raised back in 49 . In response, Dr Khor, Senior Minister of

Singapore over its multimillion-dollar State, roots 50 51

in social media: "There's a value to helping our Singaporeans remember their if they ever go back, it's easier for them to adjust. You can't put a 53 the value of such a huge 54 52 on that."

Trying to

of public monies and what it meant to 55 , I saw families,

Singaporeans all over the world, I joined in the celebrations. As I looked two- and three-generation ones, coming together. I saw 56

Singapore acquaintances

renewing friendships. I saw foreign friends meeting the Singapore community and learning about the rich 58 57 of Singapore.

in the Californian sun, I was reminded "Not all that can be measured matters, and not 59 for one another, anywhere and

all that matters can be measured". Singaporeans everywhere in the world - now that's 60 paying for.

41 A. races 42 A. comparing 43 A. updated 44 A. lectures 45 A. asked 46 A. if 47 A. abroad 48 A. random 49 A. experiences 50 A. blamed 51 A. otherwise 52 A. price 53 A. achieve 54 A. waste 55 A. up 56 A. long-lost 57 A. resources 58 A. Burnt 59 A. make up 60 A. worth

B. celebrations B. losing B. missed B. performances B. looked B. unless B. happily B. annual B. expenses B. regretted B. whenever B. guess B. realize B. loan B. out B. open-minded B. traditions B. Mixed B. watch out B. reasonable

C. contests C. reviewing C. worried C. hotdogs C. saved C. for C. unitedly C. monthly C. arrangements C. remarked C. in case C. try C. understand C. debt C. through C. easy- going C. colors C. Bathed C. stand by C. for granted

D. prizes D. praising D. uploaded D. officials D. called D. as D. hard D. weekly D. plans D. teased D. so that D. failure D. increase D. investment D. around D. warm-hearted D. activities D. Moved D. look out D. for sure

第 II 卷

注意:将答案写在答题卡上。写在本试卷上无效。

第三部分 英语知识运用(共两节,满分 45 分) 第二节(共 10 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 15 分) 阅读下面材料,在空白处填人适当的内容(1 个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。 China launched the Shenzhou XI manned spacecraft on Monday morning of October 17 to transport two astronauts to the Tiangong II space laboratory.The spacecraft___61___(send) skyward at 7:30 am atop a Long March 2F rocket from the Jiuquan Satellite Launch Center in Northwest China,___62___(carry) two male astronauts – Jing Haipeng and Chen Dong.After the launch, the spacecraft will travel two days before docking with the Tiangong II, ___63___ was lifted from the Jiuquan center in mid-September. Then the astronauts will enter the space lab and stay there ___64___30 days, and it will be the longest space stay by Chinese astronauts. The core ___65___ (task) of the Shenzhou XI mission are to test rendezvous and docking technologies for the country's ___66___ (plan) space station, to verify the life-support capability of the spacecraft-space lab combination as well as conduct ___67___ (science) research and test engineering experiments. China is___68___third country in the world that has ___69___ (independent) fulfilled manned spaceflight following the former Soviet Union and the United States and ___70___ (it) space program aims to place a permanent manned space station, into service around 2022. 第四部分 写作(共两节 满分 35) 第一节 短文改错(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文, 请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。 文中共 有 10 处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号( ? ),并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。 修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意:1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词; 2. 只允许修改 10 处,多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。 Recently, every morning and evening, many people gathered to dance in our community

square, where is designed to improve living quality. Although dancing helps to keep healthy, but the long-time dancing and loud noise causing by the loudspeaker really brought inconvenience. I couldn’t rest or sleep well, which made me terrible upset. I felt such sleepy in class that I performed worse in study. To solve a problem, I communicated with the organizers and suggested that they should shorten the dance time and reduced the music noise. Only this way can they have fun and let others enjoy life. To their delight, they adopted my suggest. 第二节 书面表达(满分 25 分) 假设你是李华。 你的外国朋友 Mike 得知你经常在惠州西湖景区*一带做义工, 给你发来 邮件询问相关情况。请你写一封英文邮件进行回复,主要内容包括: 1. 时间:周末和节假日; 2. 工作内容:指路、义务讲解、维持秩序和清理垃圾等; 3. 意义; 4. 邀请他加入。 注意: 1. 词数 100 左右; 2. 可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯; 3. 开头语已为你写好,不计入总词数。 4. 参考词汇:*惠州西湖 Huizhou West Lake

Dear Mike, Nice to hear from you._ _____________________________________________________________________
Yours, Li Hua

惠州市 2017 届高三第二次调研考试英语试题参考答案
阅读理解: 第一节:21—25 DDBAC 26—30 ABCDB 31—35 BABDC 第二节:36—40 DFGBE 完形填空: 41—45 BCABC 46—50 DABBC 51—55 DACDD 语法填空:

56—60 ABCDA

61 was sent 66 planned
短文改错:

62 67

carrying scientific

63 68

which the

64 69

for independently

65 70

tasks its

书面表达: (One possible version)

Dear Mike, Nice to hear from you. I’d like to share with you my volunteering experience at Huizhou West Lake. Its beautiful scenery and profound cultural background attract millions of visitors every year, and that is why I usually spend a few hours doing voluntary work there, especially at weekends, and on some special occasions, like festivals and holidays. Mostly I show the way for those tourists who are not familiar with the scenic spots. Sometimes I work as a tour guide, introducing the fascination of places to them. I also help maintain order when there are too many tourists, making sure that things can run as smoothly as possible. Besides, picking up the litters left behind is also part of my work. Joining the volunteer group and offering help to people who need it make me feel fulfilled as well as happy. I really hope that you can come and experience it yourself next winter holiday. Looking forward to your reply. Best wishes!

Yours, Li hua


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