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高一英语知识点B2M1学案外研版


黑龙江省大庆外国语学校高一英语 知识点 B2M1 学案 外研版

一般将来时 1、be going to 的用法 be going to 结构表示按计划、打算去做某事,表示人的主观意图或目前迹象表明将要发生某事(以 物作主语)。如: 1). How long is your aunt going to stay in China for a visit? (计划、打算) 2). Look at the clouds. It’s going to rain. (有迹象要发生) 3). George is putting on weight. He is going to be quite fat. (预测) 2. will 的用法 客观将来,没有主观因素 It will become warm when spring comes. he train will leave at 8 this evening. 2. 表示说话人的揣测 She will be all right after taking medicine. That will be Mr. Wang’s clinic. Let’s go and have a look . 3、表示习惯和倾向 Each time he goes to Beijing , he will visit the Great Wall . Without air, man will die. 4. 临时决定(多半是听了对方话的反应) “I need a man to go to the office .” “ I will .” 5. 表示意愿 I will do anything for my country. 6. 在含有条件从句的主句中,一般用 will If any beat comes at you , I will stay with you and help you .

3.在有条件从句的主句中,一般不用 be going to, 而多用 will, be going to 可以用在条件句从句中表示将来, will 则不行。 If you meet any trouble, I'll help you. If you are going to attend the party, you’d better leave now. 4.在通常情况下两者都可表示将来时间和意图,且有时可换用 我不会告诉你这事的。 正:I won't tell you about it. 正:I'm not going to tell you about it. 但是此时要注意:若是强调某个意图是经过事先考虑好的,则通常要用 be going to ;若是表示某 个意图没有经过事先考虑,而是在说话的当时才临时想到的,则通常用 will,且以上两种情况通常不能换 用。比较并体会:
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1.—Where is the telephone book?电话薄在哪? —I'll get it for you.我去给你拿。(临时想法) 2.—Why are you taking it out?干吗要把它拿出来? —I'm going to wash it.我想把它洗一洗。(事先考虑) 2、 be about to do 表示即将发生的动作,意思是“很快,马上”,强调眼下就要发生的动作,通常和 when 连用,不能和 表示将来的时间状语连用。 She was about to go to the cinema when it began to rain. 她正要去电影院,这时开始下雨了。 The train is just about to leave. 火车就要开走了。 They are about to finish drawing a very beautiful horse.他们就要把一匹漂亮的马画好了。 3、be to do 表示将来 ① 表示预先安排好的计划或约定(受别人的指令或安排将要做) The line is to be opened to traffic next week. 该线路下周通车。 They are to meet at the gate of the school. 他们将在学校门口见面。 ② 表示说话人的意志、意图、职责、命令、义务等。 All the questions are to be answered at once. 必须立即回答所有的问题。 No one is to leave the room without permission. 未经允许,任何人不得擅自离开这个房间。 ③ 表示注定要发生的事情。 Your plan is to be a failure. 你的计划注定要失败。 4、祈使句+and/ or+主语+will? 在 and/ or 并列的两个分句中,前面的祈使句部分相当于 if 引导的条件状语从句,后面的陈述句相当于 主句,其谓语动词用一般将来时。用 and 时,可把祈使句转换成肯定形式的条件状语从句;用 or 时,则 转换成否定形式的条件状语从句。 “名词词组+and/or+陈述句”也相当于一个含有条件状语从句的主从复 合句。 ①Use your head and you’ll find a way. =If you use your head, you’ll fi nd a way. ②Hurry up, or you’ll be late. =lf you don’t hurry up, you’ll be late. ③One more word, and I’ll knock you flat. 再说一句话,我就把你揍扁了。 考例:(湖南 2004) Turn on the television or open a magazine and you _____ advertisements showing happy families. A. will often see B. often see C. are often seeing D. have of ten seen 考例:(NMET2004.I) Let’s keep to the point or we ____ any decisions. A. will never reach B. have never reached C. never reach D. never reached 5、一般现在时与现在进行时表示将来 ⑴一般现在时表将来 1)下列动词 come, go, arrive, leave, start, begin, return 的一般现在时可以表示将来,主要 用来表示在时间上已确定或安排好的事情。例如: The train leaves at six tomorrow morning. 火车明天上午六点开。 When does the bus star? It stars in ten minutes. 汽车什么时候开?十分钟后。 2)在时间或条件句中。例如: When Bill comes (不是 will come), ask him to wait for me. 比尔来后, 让他等我。 I'll write to you as soon as I arrive there. 我到了那里,就写信给你。 ⑵现在进行时表示将来,主要用于表示按计划或安排要发生的动作。能这样用的动词不多,常用的有: go, come, start, leave, stay, return, arrive, begin, take, meet 等。

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I'm leaving tomorrow. 我明天走。 They're getting married next month. 他们下个月结婚。 Are you meeting Bill this evening? 你今晚将和比尔见面吗? 注意:一般现在时和现在进行时表示将来的区别 我们除可用现在进行时表将来外,还可用一般现在时表将来,两者的区别是:用现在进行时表示将来,其 计划性较强,并往往暗示一种意图;而一般现在时表示将来,则其客观性较强,即通常被视为客观事实, 多指按时刻表或规定要发生的情况。 比较:I'm not going out this evening. 今晚我不准备出去。 What time does the train leave? 火车什么时候开? 如果主语是 train, concert, programme 等表示事物的名词,动词通常一般现在时表将来,而不用进行时。 如: What time does the train leave? 火车什么时候开? The program begins at 4. 这个节目四点开始。 一般将来时习题: 1. —Ann is in hospital. —Oh, really? I ___ know. I ___ go and visit her. (江苏 2009) A. didn’t; am going to B. don’t; w ould C. don’t; will D. didn’t; will 2. No one __________ this building without the permission of the security guard. A. is to enter B. enters C. is going to enter D. will enter 3. –You’ve left the light on. --Oh, so I have. I ___________ and turn it off. A. will go B. have gone C. go D. am going 4. Hundreds of jobs ____________ if the factory closes. A. lose B. will be lost C. are lost D. will lose 5. My parents have promised to come to see me before I ________ for Africa. A. have left B. leave C. left D. will leave 6. -Did you tell Julia about the result? -Oh, no, I forgot. I ________ her now. A.will be calling B.will call C.call D.am to call 7. Because the shop _______, all the T-shirts are sold at half price. A. has closed down B. closed down C. is closing down D. had closed down 8. The plane _______ at 3:00. A. took o ff B. is taking off C. takes off D. will take off 9. –When ___________ again? --When she ____________, I’ll let you know. A. she comes; come B. will she come; will come C. she comes; will come D. will she come; comes 10. He was about to tell the secret ____________ someone patted him on the shoulder. A. as B. until C. while D. when 11.--I have come out without any money. --Never mind. I ____________ you some. A. am going to lend B. will lend C. have lent D. am to lend 12. –Sorry, I forgot to mend the desk for you. --Never mind. I _________ mend it myself tomorrow. A. am going to B. will C. am about to D. am to 13. –Have you bought a typewriter?
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--Yes. I ________ to type. A. am going to learn B. will learn C. am to learn D. will go to learn 14. As soon as he comes back, I’ll tell him when ____________ and see him. A. you will come B. will you come C. you come D. do you come 15. I didn’t know if he ______, If he ______, he’ll go to see you. A. will come; comes B. comes; will come C. comes; comes D. will come; will come 16. Dr. Smith, as well as his wife and daughters, _________ visit Beijing this summer. A. is going to B. are going to C. was going to D. were going to 17. —How can I apply for an online course? —Just fill out this form and we ________ what we can do for you. A. see B. are seeing C. have seen D. will see 18. We’ll go and plant trees if it ______ tomorrow. A. won’t rain B. doesn’t rain C. didn’t rain D. wouldn’t rain 19. Dark clouds are gathering. It _____ rain. A. will B. is going to C. should D. is to 20. My younger sister _____ be 16 years old next year. A.will B. is going to C. should D. is to 21. I _____ go to the bed when the door bell rang. A. was going to B. was to C. was about to D. would 22. I will wait at the school gate until she _____. A. comes back B. is coming C. will come back D. come back 23. Population experts predict that most people _____ in cities in the near future. (上海 2008 春) A. live B. would live C. will live D. have lived

Language Points 1. connect v. 连接,连在一起;联系起来,认为有关;使(电源、气、水等)连接,接通 There is no reason to connect the two events. 没有理由把这两件事联系在一起。 People usually connect China with silk and good food. 人们一提到中国通常会联想到丝绸和美食。 The river is connected to the Amazon system by a canal. 一条运河把该河与亚马逊水系连接起来。 connected adj. 连接的;有(社会、职业或业务)关系的 connection n. 联系;连接 in connection with?与?有关系 have some connection with sb. 与某人有联系 be connected with?与?有关系 connect sth (to sth) ?使(电源、气、水等)连接,接通 First connect the printer to the computer. 首先把打印机与计算机接通。 connect sb/sth (with sb/sth) 注意到?有关联;把?联系起来 There was nothing to connect him with the crime. 他与那起犯罪毫无关联。 “与?有关系;与?有联系”的表达有: be connected with have sth. to do with be associated with be related to be linked with be involved in 2. diet 1) n. ① [C/U]日常饮食;日常食物 a balanced diet 均衡饮食 have a light diet 吃容易消化的东西 It’s important to have a balanced, healthy diet. 均衡、健康的饮食很重要。
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②[C]规定饮食(为健康或减肥等目的) ;规定饮食的时间 go / be on a diet 节食 Alice seems to be on a diet. 爱丽斯似乎在节食。 No salt, please. I’m on a diet. 请不要放盐,我有饮食限制。 2) v. 节食;按规定进食 She is always dieting but she never seems to lose any weight. 她总在节食,但体重好像从未减少。 练习:①The doctor put him _____ after the operation. A. on a diet B. on diet C. in diet D. in a diet ②I’d like to book a plain breakfast, because my wife and I are ____. A. diets B. a diet C. on diet D. dieting 3. fit ⑴verb. to be the right shape and size for sb./sth. (形状或尺寸)适合,合身 I tried the dress on but it didn’t fit. 我试穿了那件连衣裙,但不合身。 That jacket fits well. 那件短上衣很合身。 I can’t find clothes to fit me. 我找不到合身的衣服。 The key doesn’t fit the lock. 这把钥匙打不开这把锁。 fit sb./sth. for sth.=fit sb./sth. to do sth 使适合,使胜任 His experience fitted him perfectly for the job. 他的经验使他完全胜任这项工作。 =His experience fitted him to do the job. 他的经验使他完全胜任这项工作。 ⑵adj. fit, fitter, fittest ①fit for sb/sth 或 fit to do sth. (质量、素质或技能)适合的,恰当的,合格的。 The food was not fit for human consumption. 这食物不适合人吃。 It was a meal fit for a king. (= of very good quality). 这饭菜够得上御膳。 Your car isn’t fit to be on the road! 你的车子还不适合上马路。 The children seem to think I’m only fit for cooking and washing! 孩子们似乎以为我只配做饭洗 衣。 sb . be fit for the job/position 适合这项工作/这个职位 ②健康的,健壮的 Top athletes have to be very fit. 顶级运动员体格必须十分健壮。 keep fit 保持健康 易混词 suit 辨析 例句 指颜色、式样、需要、口味、条件、 Does the time suit you? 这个时间对你适合 地位适合、衣着使人看上去有吸引 吗? 力,用于比喻意义时多用 Blue suits you. You should wear it more often. 你适合穿蓝色。你该多穿蓝色衣服。 大小、 尺寸、 形状合适, 引申为“吻 合,协调” 多指大小、颜色、式样、性质等相 一致,匹配; 与?相匹敌,和?不 相上下 The new coat fits me well. 这件新外套我穿 着大小非常合适。 Her clothes doesn’t match her age. 她的 服饰和年龄不相配。 These shoes do not match; one is large and the other is small. 这双鞋不相配,一只大, 一只小。

fit match

例句:This small-sized skirt doesn’t fit me, although it matches my socks well and the colour also suits me. 这条小款的裙子不合我的身,虽然它与我的袜子搭配得不错,颜色也适合我。 小技巧:
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1. 在穿着上,适合某人,"fit"指大小合身,"suit"指颜色相称; fit 指“尺寸、大小”是否合适。 如:The new coat fits me well. suit 指“颜色、款式”是否合适。 如:The color doesn't suit Tom. 2. match 指的是衣服搭配的是否好,像衣服与鞋的搭配,上衣与裤子的搭配等。“match”指一般的两件 事物的匹配。如:The shoes don't match this trousers. 3. 动介搭配,"fit"的介词是"for","suit"的介词是"to"; suit sth. to sth./sb. 使适合(或适应)某事物(或人) He can suit his conversation to whoever he’s with. 无论跟谁说话,他都能说到一块儿。 练习 1). 用 suit, fit 和 match 的适当形式填空 ① Try this key and see whether it _ _______. ② No one ____________ him when it comes to swimming. ③ The color of the skirt does not ___________ that of the tie. ④ I’m afraid this time doesn’t ________ me. 2). 选择:① Her shoes _____her dress; they look well together. A. suit B. fit C. compare D. match ② She is too impatient to be _____ the job as a nurse. A. unfit for B. fit for C. suited D. suit to be ③ We should employ people who ____ the job. A. fit B. fit for C. are fit D. are fit for 4. rare adj. 稀少的,罕见的;稀罕的,珍贵的 a rare disease 罕见的疾病 a rare book/coin/stamp 珍贵的书/硬币/邮票 It is rare (for sb/ sth) to do sth. 难得做某事 It is rare to find such an interesting group of people. 难得见到这样有趣的一群人。 rarely adv. 罕有;很少;不常 She’s rarely seen in public nowadays. 如今在公共场合很少看见她。 Reading and Vocabulary 1. anxious adj. 焦虑的;不安的,担心的 be anxious about sb./ sth. 对某人/某事担忧 be anxious for sth. 渴望得到某物 be anxious to do sth. 渴望做某事 be anxious that? 渴望? I’m anxious about her. 我担心她。 We are anxious for your safe return. 我们盼望你平安归来。 He was anxious to meet you. 他渴望见到你。 anxiously adv. 忧虑地,担心地 anxiety [??'zai?ti] n. 担心,忧虑 with anxiety 焦虑地 relieve one’s anxiety 消除焦虑 练习:①My mother always gets a bit ______ if we don’t arrive when we say we will. A anxious B ashamed C weak D patient ②She is _____ to leave as soon as possible. A hurried B anxious C worried D nervous 2. eye v. & n. v. 细看;注视 The little boy is eyeing a toy in the window. 那个小男孩正盯着橱窗内的一个玩具。 n. 眼睛 She closed her eyes and went to sleep. 她闭上眼睛睡着了。 with one’s eyes open 心知肚明 look sb. in the eye 直视(正视)某人 have an eye for?对?有鉴赏力 keep an eye on: to take care of sb./sth. and make sure that they are not harmed, damaged, etc. 照看 ,留神,留意 We’ve asked the neighbors to keep an eye on the house for us while we are away.
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an eye for an eye (and a tooth for a tooth) 以眼还眼;以牙还牙 练习: If you want to be fashionably dressed, you can turn to her for advice, since she has ______ clothes. A an eye of B an eye for C eyes of D eyes for 3. head v. ①朝着?方向行进 搭配 head for? 往?去 Where are you heading? 你往哪里去? He headed for the door. 她朝着门走去。 ②在?顶端加标题 The chapter was headed “My Early Life”. 这一章的标题是“我的早年生活”。 ③位于排行之首,排在前头 Italy heads the table after two games. 两场比赛之后意大利队名列榜首。 head sth. off 阻止/防止某事发生 head sb. off 拦挡某人;使某人改变方向 We’ll head them off at the bridge. 我们将在桥头拦截他们。 He headed off efforts to replace him as leader. 他挫败了要取代他的领导地位的企图。 练习:--Have you seen Mr. Smith? --Yes, I saw him in a car _____ towards the street. A heading B walking C running D leaving 4. as 体会、归纳下列各句中 as 的用法 1). ?said Zhou Kai, as he opened the door. 2). Zhou Kai went and did as he was told. 3). So as you can see from what I’ve said ? 4). Child as he is, he can carry the heavy box. 5). As you were out, I left a message. as 用法小练: 完成下列句子: 1)._____________(她唱歌的时候), the tears ran down her cheeks. 2). ____________________(由于所有的座位都满了), he had to stand up. 3). You should do _______________________(按照老师所说的). 4). _____________(尽管他很年轻), he knows a lot. 5). Grammar is not a set of dead rules, ___________________ (正如以上所说的). 6). Soon after we started, we found the work___________________________ (没有预想的那么难). 5. be crazy about 迷恋,热衷于,醉心于 Rick is crazy about football. He is crazy about computer games, which does great harm to his health. 6. breathe [bri:?] verb.呼吸 He breathed deeply before speaking again. 他深深吸一口气,然后继续说下去。 Most people don’t realize that they are breathing polluted air. 大多数人没有意识到自己呼吸 着污染了的空气。 breathe in/out 吸入/呼出 breath[breθ ] n. 呼吸 take a deep breath 深呼吸 hold one’s breath 屏息 out of breath 喘不过来气 7.pick up ①捡起,拾起;②去接某人,让某人打车,搭载;③收拾,整理;④偶然买到,得到;⑤(非 正规地)学会,学到;⑥收听;⑦康复,恢复健康,好转 ①The patient is picking up. (________________) ②He hurried to school without picking up his room. (________________) ③In order to learn English I bought a radio to pick up VOA. (________________) ④The bus stopped to pick up the passengers. (________________)
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⑤Tom picked up the book and found it was an English one. (________________) ⑥He picked up some Japanese words while living with a Japanese. (________________) ⑦Can you tell me where I might pick up a good used car? (________________)

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