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高考语法填空专题训练


英语语法填空
考查范围: 1. 语境(上下文) ; 2.语法: 动词(时态、语态、主谓一致、非谓语形式) 、名词、代词、冠词、介词、连词 固定搭配、情态动词、复合句、形容词和副词的比较级最高级及构词法、倒装等。 能力要求: 1.阅读/理解语篇的能力 2.分析句子结构的能力 3.熟练运用语法的能力 4.单词拼写能力和逻辑推理能力等,对中下层考生来说,难度较大。

高考语法填空专题训练
一 Once there lived a rich man 1 ___wanted to do something for the people of his town. 2 very large stone. Then he 34 first he wanted to (hide ) behind find out whether they deserved his help. In the centre of the main road into the town, he placed 3 a tree and waited. Soon an old man came along with his cow. “Who put this stone in the centre of the road?” said the old man, but he did not try to remove the stone. Instead, with some difficulty he passed around the stone and continued on his way. 5 Late in the afternoon a young man came along. He saw the stone, 7 Then he began to move the stone. He pushed and pulled with all his 9 was his surprise at last! 10 the stone, he found a bag of money. 二 The Internet is an amazing information resource. Students, teachers, and researchers use it as _1_____ investigative tool. Journalists use it to find information for stories. Doctors use it to learn more about unfamiliar diseases and the 2_ (late) medical development. Ordinary people use it for shopping, banking, bill-paying, and 3 _ 9_ 5_ _ (associate) with the communicating with family and friends. People all over the world use it to connect with individuals from countries and cultures. However, 4________there are many positive developments Internet, there are also certain fears and concerns. 6__ content of programs, and with television there are is suitable 10__________ their children to see. 三 Crying marriage? 1 (surprise), isn’t it? Factually, the custom of crying marriage existed a long time 2 (remain) in fashion 3 the _ concern relates to a lack of control over_ 7_ man came along and did the same . (say) to himself: “The night 8 (strong) to move it. How great thing; then another came ,and another. All of them complained about the stone but not tried to remove 6 (be) very dark. Some neighbors will come along later in the dark and will fall against the stone.”

appears on the Internet. With television and radio there are editors to check the accuracy or appropriateness of the 8_______ (restrict) on what kinds of programs can (broadcast) and at what times of the day. With the Internet, parents cannot check a published guide to determine what

ago in many areas of Southwest China’s Sichuan Province, and especially Tujia people, who view it as a It is very much 5 6 had to cry at the wedding. 4

end of the Qing Dynasty. Though not so popular as before, the custom is still observed by people in many places, (necessary) to marriage procedure. 7 8 as a poorly which same in different places of the province. According to elderly people, every bride , the bride’s neighbors would look down upon

cultivated girl and she would become the laughingstock of the village. In fact, there were cases the bride was beaten by her mother for not crying at the wedding ceremony. In a word, crying at wedding is a sorrowful words. However, in the 10 9

by custom to set off the happiness of the wedding through falsely (arrange) marriages of the old days of China, there were indeed

quite a lot of brides who cried over their unsatisfactory marriage and even their miserable life.

四 In my free time, I really like surfing the Internet. When I get home from work, I turn on my computer, wait_31___ it boots up completely, and then I go online. I usually check my email first and then write a few messages __32__ family and friends. I sometimes scan the local news headlines at ___33___ favorite news Website and read up on the latest local and international news. This Website often provides video news clips___34___ you can view online. I sometimes order products or service online to save money and time instead of going to a store and__35____(buy) what I'm looking for. For example, I ___36___(order)a digital camera online the other day and saved about $50. Whatever I do, I realize that there are problems__37_____ using the Internet including scams, identify theft, and viruses, so I'm very careful not to give out my __38_____ (person) information. Furthermore, I don't download or open files I don't recognize. Using the Internet can be fun and__39____ convenient way of shopping and finding out new information, __40_______ you just need to be careful 五 In order to know a foreign language thoroughly, four things are neccessary. Firstly, we must understand the language when we hear __31______ spoken.. Secondly, we must be able to speak it correctly with confidence and without hesitation. __32_____ ,we must be able to read the language , and fourthly, we must be able to write it. We must be able to make sentences that are grammatically correct. There is no easy way to success _33_______ language learning. __34______ good memory is of great help, but it is not enough only __35________(memorize) rules from a grammar book. It is not much use learning by heart long list of words and __36_____meaning, studying the dictionary and so on. We must learn by using the language. _37____we are satisfied with only a few rules we have memorized, we are not really learning the languang. “Learn through use” is a good piece of __38______(advise) for those __39______are studying a new language. Practice is important. We must practise speaking and _40_______(write) the language whenever we can. 六 At one point along an open highway, I came to a crossroads with a traffic light. I was alone on the road by now, but 32 31 I drove up to the light, it turned red, and I braked to a halt. I look left, right, and behind me. Nothing. 33 (wait) the light to change, the only human being for at 35 (catch) by the police, because 37 it. 39 to me. I think I stopped a car, no suggestion of headlights, but there I sat, I started wondering Much later that night, the 34 38

least a mile in any direction. I refused to run the light. I was not afraid of 36 there was obviously no cop anywhere around and certainly would have been no danger in going

question of why I’d stopped for that light came 40

because it’s part of a contract (合同) we all have with each other. It’s not only the law, but it’s an agreement we have, and we trust each other to honor : we don’t go through red lights. Like most of us, I’m more ready to be 七 Nowadays, millions 31 lonely singles are now going online instead. 32 World Wide Web is quickly becoming the world’s most popular matchmaker(媒人). Singles are flocking(涌向) to the Internet 33______ (main) because their busy lifestyles leave them little time to look for a significant other. Using dating sites(约会网址) is quick and convenient. Many singles say the regular dating scene 34 (just lead) them from one bad experience to easy to avoid someone 35 and are ready to try something else. Dating 38______ , sites also make 36 37___ you are not interested in. In the real world, 39 stopped from doing something bad by the social agreement that disapproves of it than by any law against it.

ignoring someone you don’t like can be difficult. Despite all the advantages, online dating also presents its own set of problems. People aren’t always those who they declare to be in their online concern. You are just 40 (describe). Safety is another (like) to find a criminal online as you are Mr. Or Miss Right.

八 Polar bears are suffering in a cold for most animals. 33 home they know. The polar bears’ world is melting. Studies show that the polar ice has reduced by 9.8% every 10 years (survive). “The sea ice is more than just this platform that the bears walk over,” says Andrew Derocher, scientist who studies North American polar bear populations. “ 38 Some melting and refreezing of the polar ice is natural. extra fat is used later, 40 31 39 it, they can’t exist.” in a warmer world, these cycles speed up, 35 37 1978. Now about 20,000 to 25,000 polar bears live in the Arctic. Polar bears depend on the sea ice for their 36 32 31 (warm) world than ever before. Polar bears live in environments too 34 (threat) the only much of the year, they live and hunt on the frozen Arctic sea ice. Nature has prepared

for the cold conditions. But nothing has prepared the bears for the danger that

and bears have less time to hunt. Normally, they have three months in the spring when they gain more weight. The the bears are not actively hunting. 九 is possible that we simply do not stay in one place for a true friendship to develop. However, there can be 32 (think) carefully about the kind of friendships we want. 33 (importance), but need to have clear in our own minds 35 34 (keep) at arm’s length? Do we want to share ourselves 36 no disagreement on the need for each of us To most of us, friendships are considered

kinds of friendships we want .Are they to be close or

or do we want to walk on the surface? For some people, many friendships on the surface are quite enough—and that’s all right .But at some point we need to make sure that our expectations are the same as our (friend)expectations. If one wants more from the friendship than the other, 37 if this is not talked about, one is

likely at last to fell that he’s holding the short end of the stick. The sharing of personal experience 38___________ (include) our tears as well as our dark dreams 39____ (be) the surest way to deepen friendships. But it must be undertaken slowly and carried on only if there signs of interest and action 40 ______ return. 十 Many teachers believe that the responsibilities for learning lie with the student. 31_____ a long reading assignment is given, instructors expect students to be familiar with 32_____ (inform) in the reading even if they do not discuss it in class or take an examination. The ideal student is considered to be one who is motivated to learn for the sake of learning, not the one interested only in getting high grades. Sometimes homework is returned 33_____ brief written comments but without a grade. Even if a grade is not given, the student is 34_________(responsibility) for learning the material assigned. When research 35__________( assign), the professor expects the student to take it actively and to complete it with minimum guidance. It is the student's responsibility to find books, magazines, and articles in the library. Professors do not have the time to explain 36_____ a university library works; they expect students, 37_________(special) graduate students, to be able to exhaust the reference origins in the library. Professors will help students who need it, but prefer that their students should not be too dependent on them. In the United States, professors have many other duties 38 ______ teaching, such as administrative or research work. Therefore, the time 39______ a professor can spend with a student outside of class 40______( limit). If a student has problems with classroom work, the student should either approach a professor during office hours or make an appointment. 十一 This is a true story which happened in the States. A man came out of his home to admire his new truck. To his 31 (puzzle), his three-year-old son was 32 (happy) hammering dents(凹痕) into the shiny paint of the truck. 33 (punish). The man ran to his son, knocked him away, hammered the little boy's hands into pulp(果浆汁) as When the father calmed down, he rushed his son to the hospital.

34

the doctor tried desperately to save the crushed bones, he finally had to cut the fingers from both the 35 (wake) up from the operation and saw his bandaged stubs, he innocently said, when are my fingers going to grow back?”

boy's hands. When the boy

“Daddy, I'm sorry about your truck.” Then he asked, “ 36 The father went home and committed suicide. Think about this story 37 38

next time someone steps on your feet or you wish to take revenge. Think first 39 (repair). Broken bones and hurt

you lose your patience with someone you love. Trucks can

feelings often can't. Too often we fail to recognize the difference between the person and the performance. We forget that forgiveness is 40 (great) than revenge. People make mistakes. We are allowed to make mistakes. But 十二 As I think back I realize how hard it is to view the world ____31____ the eyes of my childhood. ____32____ child’s mind is still filled with the idea that anything and everything is possible. They haven’t begun building the mental walls yet. Watch a child ____33____(learn) to walk and it’s amazing. No matter how many times they fall down, they hop back up ____34____ they instinctively know that eventually they’ll be able to walk. They don’t have to worry what ____35____ think. They have no need to put up a front(讲面子). They are who they are. But somewhere along the line they learn to be ____36____(practice). Their creativity is blocked over time, as the world ____37____(teach) them to fit in. Eventually they don’t bounce back as fast now something you have to do that is very boring and unpleasant. You and I 39___ tear down those walls that are closing in and start fresh. It’s time to bring back that sense of joy and wonder. When you’re setting your goals for the New Year, think like a child. Set your goals as if 40____ is possible. 十三 In many countries, ___31___ is not unusual for families of different backgrounds to live together in the shared space. ___32___, in the United States, this idea may still be considered odd. But this type of housing, ___33___(call) co-housing, is gaining ___34___ (popular) in the United States, too. Co-housing complexes are popping up across the country. For many people, this way of life is a relief to the busy modern lifestyle. A co-housing community has ___35___ (private) owned houses and shared land. There is often a “common house” with a kitchen and dining room, meeting room, and maybe a workshop of library or music room. About 25 co-housing communities ___36___ (build) in recent years, and 150 more are planned. A co-housing complex is a place ___37___ residents shop, cook, and eat together. Residents of a co-housing complex like its sense of shared community. Children have other kids to play ___38___, ___39___ many families like. Other residents like the feeling of living in a “ village”. Residents also say that they can live in co-housing for ___40 ___ money than they would pay for nearby apartments. 十四 I now had the key to all languages, __31_ I was eager to learn to use it. Children __32__ can hear learn languages without any particular effort. __33__ hear other people speak, and enjoy trying to make the same sounds. The__34__ child must learn languages in a slow and often painful way. __35__ even though the learning may be slow and painful, the result is wonderful. We advance gradually from merely__36__ (name) objects to understanding the thought in a line of Shakespeare. At first, when my teacher told me about a new thing, I asked very__37__ questions. My ideas were not clear, and I didn’ t know many. But as my knowledge of things__38__ ( grow) and I learned more and more words, I could ask more questions, and I would return again and again __39__ the same subject, eager for more information. Sometimes a new word made me remember an experience I had had__40__ (early). 38 they fail. Learning is the actions we take while in a rage will impress us forever.

一.31. who 32. But 33. a 34. hid 35. Another 36. it 二.31. an 37. saying 38. will be 39. strength 40. Under 32. latest 33.other/different 34. while 38. restrictions 32.remained 37. her 38. in buying 35.associated 40.for 35. the 40. arranged 39. be broadcast(ed) 39. way/means ordered

36. One 37. what 三.31. Surprising 36. Otherwise 四.until

33. until/till 34. necessity

to my which/that

with personal a but

五.31.it 32. Thirdly 33. in 34. A 35. to memorize 36. their 37. If 六.31. as / when 36. there 38. advice 39. who 40. writing 32. Not 37. through 33.waiting 38.same 34. why 39.back 35. being caught 40. it 36. it

七.31. of 32. The 33. mainly 34. has just led 35. another 37. who / whom 38. however 39. description 40. likely 八.31.warmer 36. survival 32.For/During33.them 34.threatens 37.a 38.Without 39.But 40. when

35.since

九.31. It

32. to think 33. important

34.the 35. kept 34. responsible 35. is assigned 38. besides 38. before 34. because 39. which/ that 40. is limited 39. be repaired 35. others 40. anything 40. greater 34. Although / Though

36. friends’ 36. how 35. woke 十二. 31. through 36. practical

37. and 38. including 39.is 40. in 37. particularly/especially 32. happily 36. but 32. a 37. teaches 33. learning 37. the

十. 31. If / When 32. information 33. with 十一. 31. puzzlement

33. punishment

38. when/if 39. can

十三. 31. it 32. However 33. called 34. popularity 35. privately 36. has been built 37. where 38. with 39. which 40. less 十四. 31. and 36. naming 2015 1. A .从下文中可以看出这是一个报道表明,前文还没有出现,无须特指.考查冠词的用法. 2. useful. 提示词 use 有名词和动词的词性,在这里是要一个形容词修饰 imformation.考察词性的判定和转化。 3. and. 从这个句子要表达的意思来看 get 和 use 是并列的谓语动词。 4. in . 固定搭配,in a way 表示用某种方 法。 5. they. 这是一个省略了 that/which 的定语从句,从句子成分来看,此句缺乏主语,是用来修饰 websites,而关系 代词在定语从句种作宾语,故省略,填 they 来作从句中的主语。 6. if .从上一句话承接下来的一个结果,但用了情态动词 may,此空应该填连词来引导一个条件状语从句。 7. It. 形式主语 it 代替真正的主语-不定式 to use the Internet. 8. which. 通过句子分析法可以知道这是一个非限制 性的定语从句。 9. friends. 由语境,下文中 online friends 推断出 make friends 这个短语。 10. meeting . 提示词 meet 虽有名词词 性,但 have a meeting 是习惯搭配。 32. who 37. few 33. They 38. grew 34. blind 39. to 35. But 40. earlier


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