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强调句型--经典荟萃


强调句型

1. 结构 It is/was + 被强调部分 + that/who … e.g. I met my teacher in the street yesterday. 强调主语 It was I that met my teacher in the street yesterday. 强调宾语 It was my teacher that I met in the street yesterday.

强调地点状语 It was in the street that I met my teacher yesterday. 强调时间状语 It was yesterday that I met my teacher in the street.

2. 否定形式 It is/was + not + 被强调部分 + that/who … e.g. I met my teacher in the street yesterday. It was not my teacher that I met in the street yesterday.

3. 一般疑问句 Is/Was it + 被强调部分 + that/who … e.g. I met my teacher in the street yesterday. Was it your teacher that you met in the street yesterday? Was it yesterday that you met your teacher in the street?

4. 特殊疑问句 e.g. I met my teacher in the street yesterday. Who was it that you met in the street yesterday? When was it that you met your teacher in the street? Where was it that you met your teacher yesterday? Wh- is/was it that …

5. 特殊句式 It is/was not until … that … e.g. It was not until yesterday that I heard from him. It is not until now that I know your name.

6. 验证强调句的方式 It was at the gate that the old scientist was hit. Was it that student that was caught smoking in the washing room?

It’s because I haven’t been able to be outdoors for so long that I’ve grown so crazy about everything to do with nature. It was where my teacher worked that I work hard. It was when the teacher lectured in class that the student spoke loudly.

7. 句式辨析 that he came here. It was 1996 when
It was in 1996 that he came here.

It is known that she speaks English very
well.

8. 改变句式:改变句式的目的就是为了考 查考生对变式的辨识能力。请看下例: Do you happen to know ______ the old scientist was hit by a car? A. where was it that B. where it was that C. it was where that D. was it where that

1.It was 8 o’clock _____ I went back

home last night.
A. that B. when C. which D. what 2.__________you missed such a fine lecture? A. How it was that B. It was how that

C. How was it that D. Was it how that

3.I just wonder _______ that makes you so excited. A. why it does B. what he does C. how it is D. what it is

4.It was not until she got home __ Mary
realized she had lost her keys.

A. that B. when C. where D. before

一、强调句型的基本应用: 强调句型的基本结构:It is/was +被强调部分 +that\who-clause.结论:强调句型结构比较简单。 在英语中,该句型除了不能用来强调谓语外,其他部 分均可被强调。 Tom cleaned the classroom yesterday with Jean. 强调主语 强调宾语 强调状语 强调主语补足语 结论:可以看到:若去掉It was that,则各强调句恢 复为原句。可以说这个“金三点”是判别和应对强调 句型的不二法门。

二、强调句型的拓展训练 1. 疑问法:疑问法可分为一般疑问法和特殊疑问 两种。主要是通过改变语序后将it和that混在一 块儿,使考生对结构无法辨认而出错。这形式可 考查考生的纠错能力。 一般疑问句: Was it the student that was caught smoking in the classroom? 特殊疑问句:When was it that he got up? 结论:一要注意语序;二要注意词序(特殊疑问 词要置于句首),三要注意特殊疑问词的选用, 疑问代词还是疑问副词。

2. 强调否定结构: 第一步 I didn’t leave for Qingdao until he came. 第二步 Not until he came did I leave for Qingdao. 第三步强调此状语从句: It was not until he came that I left for Qingdao.

3. 强调从句 It’s because I haven’t been able to be outdoors for so long that I’ve grown so crazy about everything to do with nature. It was where my teacher worked that I work hard. It was when the teacher lectured in class that the student spoke loudly.

4. 改变句式:改变句式的目的就是为了考查考生 对变式的辨识能力。请看下例: Do you happen to know ______ the old scientist was hit by a car? A. where was it that B. where it was that C. it was where that D. was it where that

我们再来看看命题人的思维轨迹: 原句:a. The old scientist was hit by a car at the gate. 强调:b. It was at the gate that the old scientist was hit. 疑问:c. Where was it that the old scientist was hit by a car? 插入:d. Do you happen to know where it was that the old scientist was hit by a car? 结论:理清脉络,层层推进。

5.强调句型和其它从句的区别: It was the museum that we visited a few weeks ago. It was 1996 when he came here. It was in 1996 that he came here. It is known that she speaks English very well.

结论:去掉“金三点”后,结构合理,句意 通畅,则为强调句型; 若不成句子,即看似被强调的部分不能在句 中充当任何成分,则有可能是定语从句或 其它从句。

1.It was 8 o’clock _____ I went back home last night. A. that B. when C. which D. what 2.__________you missed such a fine lecture? A. How it was that B. It was how that C. How was it that D. Was it how that 3.I just wonder _______ that makes you so excited. A. why it does B. what he does C. how it is D. what it is 4.It was not until she got home __ Mary realized she had lost her keys. A. that B. when C. where D. before


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