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新编英语教程(李观仪)Unit 4 练习答案.doc


Unit 4 Vocabulary
I. Explain the underlined part in each sentence in your own words. 1. provided = as long as need never be out of touch = can never fail to be reached 2. regardless of = no matter 3. overlook at one’s peril = fail to notice at great risk 4. hovers somewhere in and around all those words = may be described by these words to varying degrees 5. hit the problem of untranslatability head-on = were directly confronted with the problem that something in one language cannot be rendered into another II. Fill in the blank in each sentence with a word or phrase taken from the box in its appropriate form. 1. stepping stone 2. at their peril 3. serve 4. mentality 5. staple 6. facilitating 7. messaging 8. hybrid

III. Fill in the blanks with the appropriate forms of the given words.
1. economy 2. accessible 5. negotiable 6. adjusted 3. fundamentally 4. homesick 7. remoteness 8. complacently

IV. Choose the word or phrase. 1. D 2. C 3. A 4. D 5. B

6. A

7. B

8. C

V. Give a synonym or an antonym of the word underlined in each sentence in the sense it is used. 1. Synonym: time, era, epoch 2. Synonym: meetings 3. Synonym: basic, fundamental 4. Antonym: misshape 5.Synonym: unavoidably 6.Synonym: worry, concern, anxiety, apprehension 7. Synonym: therefore, so, thus 8. Antonym: hide, conceal

VI Write in each space one word that has the same prefix as underlined in the given word.
1. unreliable 2. impatient 3. disapproval 4. mistake unbelievable imperfect disagreement misplace 5. maltreat 6.enrich 7. surmount 8.subordinate malfunction enable surpass submarine

Grammar
I. Complete the following sentences with the correct verb forms. 1. helps 2. hope, are enjoying, sunbathe, go, are going 3. is being 4. is typing 5. am not eating 6. am reading 7. are always leaving 8. go, belongs, wants, is using

9. is boiling

10. is putting

11. is rewiring, is building

II. Correct the errors. Key: 1. passes, shoots 2. correct 3. are, crying 4. correct 6. gather 7. am working 8. are, sneezing

5. know

III. Complete the following letter. 1. thank, 2. are dispatching, 3. regret, 4. have, 5. are contacting, 6. hear, 7. enclose/ are enclosing, 8. decide, 9. have, 10. are listed, 11. regret, 12. hope, 13. enclose/are enclosing IV. Compare the italicized parts. 1. a. The speaker is complaining. b. The speaker gives a fact. 2. a. am considering b. have the opinion 3. a. It suggests a permanent nature. b. It suggests a temporary behaviour. 4. a. is taking care of b. have no objection to 5. a and b are approximately the same. 6. a. am waiting for b. believe V. Rewrite the following descriptions putting the adjectives in the correct order. 1. a large pair of red woolen socks 2. a powerful new white German car 3. a small rectangular grey Japanese radio 4. a big modern concrete office building 5. a medium size French stainless steel saucepan 6. a superb medieval rose-shaped stained-glass window 7. a prominent triangular red road sign 8. a tiny black and white Chinese dog

Translation
I. English ? Chinese 1. 因此,您也许会问,为什么还有人会对这些绝妙的发展顾虑重重?为什么英语成为世界 语言会让一部分人惴惴不安? 2. 不同的文化并不仅仅是给世界贴上不同标签的人群;语言给了我们塑造世界观的工具, 而语言又是不一样的。 3. 当千百万人在学习文化沟通的时候,英语国家却越来越沾沾自喜,以为懂得英语就足够 了,因而削减了外语课程。 4. 最能推动这一进程的不一定是那些掌握了最新技术、拥有最先进手机的人,而是那些能 够理解众多不同语言的言内之意、言下之意以及言外之意的人。 II. Chinese ? English 1. Children may swim here provided that they are accompanied by adults. 2. This American journalist made a fool of himself over his remarks about China, because he’s been out of touch with what’s been happening in the country in the past three decades.

3. Every person has the right to education, regardless of his or her family background, sex, and age. 4. The invention of the Internet, despite the fact that it has given rise to some problems, has greatly facilitated almost every aspect of our life, including education, medicine, and business.

5. Never overlook your travel insurance when you are planning to spend your holiday abroad;
otherwise you might find yourself in great trouble if any accident should occur. 6. In the movie that billionaire was faced with a dilemma — either divorce his wife, who would then carve out half of his financial empire, or murder her at the risk of being found out by the police. 7. As the husband lost his job in the financial crisis, the new couple had to cut down on a lot of things — furniture, clothes, records, books, and so on. 8. Over thirty years ago, right after the Cultural Revolution, Deng Xiaoping told the people that the only way out lay in reform and opening up to the outside world.

Exercises for integrated skills 1. Dictation
The main reason for the widespread demand for English / is its present-day importance as a world language. / Besides serving the infinite needs of its native speakers, / English is a language / in which some of the most important works in science, technology, and other fields are being produced, / and not always by native speakers. / It is a language of wider communication for a number of developing countries, / especially former British colonies. / Many of these countries have multilingual populations / and need a language for internal communication / in such matters as government, commerce, industry, law and education / as well as for international communication / and for access to the scientific and technological developments in the West. 2. Cloze (1) another (2) many (3) language (4) while (5) without (6) beginning (7) gestures, (8) leads (9) never (10) until

Writing
Paragraph development — Comparison and Contrast Comparison-and-contrast is a method of development that will essentially compare and / or contrast. Comparison brings similar things together for examination, to see how they are alike. Contrast, on the contrary, emphasizes their differences. There are three major ways to organize a comparison-and-contrast paragraph: 1. We first present the differences and then the similarities or the other way round. What is to be emphasized (the differences or the similarities) almost always comes later. 2. We make a parallel-order comparison, where we discuss first one subject, then the other: 1) All of subject A, point by point; 2) All of subject B, point by point, so that it parallels the points about A. We will finish our whole discussion of the first person (place, or thing) at one time. Then, in discussing the second person (place, or thing), we will take up the major qualities in exactly the

same order as in discussing the first one. In this case, the comparison often takes two paragraphs, instead of one. 3. We make a point-by-point comparison. We discuss one aspect of both subjects, then another aspect of both subjects: 1) Aspect one of subjects A and B; 2) Aspect two of subjects A and B. … Exercises: Now write two separate paragraphs based on the following two topic sentences with the comparison-and-contrast strategy. The point-by-point method is recommended. 1. I prefer South Korean love stories on TV to the Chinese ones. Ideas for reference: feasibility of love smoothness of love fun of love Sample: I prefer South Korean love stories on TV to the Chinese ones. Korean love soaps never fail to convey the important message that love is somewhere ahead waiting for you, in spite of your humble origin, weight problem, or unladylike manners. In contrast, love on Chinese TV is, more often than not, an unworthy adventure that brings pain rather than joy. Lovebirds in Korea seem always to be so much luckier than those in China, where people in love often find themselves caught in a hostile financial or social environment. Unlike those Chinese youths who are seriously and gravely wondering about the purpose of life and love for most of the time, those Korean girls and boys always have so many witty, funny, and amazing verbal blows to hurl at each other; I always cannot help laughing out at them. In one word, love on Korean TV is a wonderful medicine to cure everything, while on Chinese TV love is a disease from which one suffers inevitably sometime in one’s course of life. 2. Riding a bicycle is preferable to driving a car. Ideas for reference: health finance global warming Sample: Riding a bicycle is preferable to driving a car. First of all, bicycling is healthier. It develops balance, coordination, and strength, while at the same time toning the body, burning calories, strengthening bones. Therefore, it helps building up our body. In contrast, resulting from a lack of exercise, car drivers are often faced with such health problems as heart disease, addictions, drug dependency, overweight, obesity and diabetes. Besides, cycling helps improve personal finances. Needing no fuel, no insurance and minimal maintenance, a good bicycle costs about 2% to 3% as much as a car. What is more, cycling suggests slowed pace of global warming. More autos on the road mean more carbon emissions that are driving global warming while more bicycles increase the time we have to prepare for major climatic changes so as to avoid refugee and food crises.


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