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新东方高中英语 非谓语动词(杨文哲)


非谓语动词
1

什么是非谓 语动词啊?

“非谓语非谓语”, 就是不是谓语的动词 呗!

那不是谓语 是什么呢?

。。。。 。。

2

英语一句话只能有一个主谓结构 如果出现更多动词: ? 加连词(and / but / so…) ? 放入从句 ? 变为非谓语动词

主语、谓语、宾语、定语、状语、补语

3

The famous doctor helped
the pregnant woman to give birth to a baby last Friday.

主 谓 宾 定 状 补

4

定 The pregnant woman was helped 状 主补 to give birth to a baby last Friday.

5

非 谓 语 动 词

不定式 to + v
动词的v-ing 过去分词 v-ed
6

区 别
? ? ?

to + v 将要发生的 v-ing 同时发生 v-ed 被动

7

hope, expect, intend, want, plan, promise, ask, refuse, decide, determine, learn, prepare + to do
admit, finish, appreciate, miss + -ing

8

stop/remember/forget/go on/regret
?

to do 去做... -ing 正在做...

9

She reached the top of the hill and stopped _ C on a big rock to see the rising sun. A. to have rested B. resting C. to rest D. rest ? You were brave enough to raise objections at the meeting. D Well, now I regret _ that. A. to do B. to be doing C. to have done D. having done
?

10

see, watch, hear, feel, notice ? -ing 主动, 正在做... do主动, 动作过程 done 被动

11

They knew her very well. They had seen her _ A up from childhood. A. grow B. grew C. was growing D. to grow C ? I’ve heard him _ about you often. A. talked B. talks C. talk D. to talk
?

12

mean to do 打算做 doing 意味着 ? If you think that treating a woman well means always D her permission for things, _ think again. (06湖南) A. gets B. got C. to get D. getting
?

13

判定题目是否考察非谓语

非谓语动词题目三步走:
? 谓语动词/句型的要求
? 主被动关系 ? 时间先后顺序

14

He walked down the hills, C softly to _ himself. A. sing B. sings C. singing D. was singing ? He walked down the hills, and D softly _ to himself. A. sing B. sings C. singing D. was singing
?

15

Stop running and you will feel your heart B faster than ever. _ A. beat B. beating C. beaten D. was beating ? Having passed all the tests, she felt a great weight B off her mind. _ A. taking B. taken C. take D. to be taken
?

16

非谓语动词的 9 种形式
have been be done done to do to do to be done to have done to have been done -ing doing being done have done having having been done

一般式 主动 被动

完成式 have done 被动 主动

done done
17

to do 和to have done ? I am sorry to hear that. ? I am sorry to have heard that. ? I am sorry to have said that. ? I am sorry to say that.

18

?作定语
?作宾语 ?作补语

?作状语
?作主语

19

这一庄严 宣言犹如灯塔的光芒, 给 千万在那摧残生命的不义之火中受煎熬 的黑奴带来了希望。

20

作定语

位置

时间先后
(与谓语动词)

语态

to do -ing
-ed

1前2后

(之后)将来 (同时)进行

主动 主动
被动

21

-ing和-ed形容词 ? 单个-ed/-ed, 前置 -ing+名词:表示用途 a swimming pool=a pool for swimming a reading room=a room for reading

22

?后置定语相当于省略的定语从句

The girl who is sitting in the corner is adorable. ? We visited a temple which was built 200 years ago.
?

23



The vegetables which are sold in this shop are grown without chemicals. ? The houses which are being built are for the survivors in the quake.

24

27



having The girl who has passed the exam is my gf.
错(完成式不能作定语)

25

-ing/-ed形容词:
? –ing:

主动; ? -ed: 被动;

26

an exciting news a broken heart a moving film the moved audience an interesting story a satisfied smile -ing形容词多修饰物 -ed形容词多修饰人或与人有关的物

27

frightened/frightening
? He

is_________. frightened/frightening ? He has a frightened look on his face. _________ frightening

28

moving was movedby the ______ _____ story. (move) annoyed annoying ? He was _______ with the ________ person. (annoy)
? Everyone

29

Did you enjoy yourself at the party? Yes. I’ve never been to C one before. _ (06四川) A. a more excited B. the most excited C. a more exciting D. the most exciting

30

D Poor boy! His _ looks and _hands suggested he was very afraid. A. frightening; trembling B. frightened; trembled C. frightening; trembled D. frightened; trembling

31

The problems C at the meeting _ tomorrow are really hard to solve. A. discussed B. to discuss C. to be discussed D. discussing

32

? The

flowers B sweet in the garden __ attract the visitors to the beauty of nature. (2004上海) A. to smell B. smelling C. smelt D. to be smelt

33

? Mr.

Green stood up in defense of the 16-year-old boy, saying that he was not the one __. (2006安徽) A. blamed B. blaming C. to blame D. to be blamed

34

主动表被动: 感官动词smell/sound/taste... blame/worth/worthy/worthwhile

35

作宾语
I love you. I love walking along the seaside with you. I love to walk along the seaside with you.

36

? 常用to

do作宾语的动词 ? 常用-ing作宾语的动词

37

-ing/to do作宾语的变形

to do
被动 to be done

-ing
being done

完成 to have done having done have 完成 to have been done having been done have 被动

38

39

The squirrel (松鼠) was lucky that it just missed C _. A. catching B. to be caught C. being caught D. to catch

39

Police are now searching for a woman who is reported to A since the flood hit _ the area last Friday. (06山东) A. have been missing B. have got lost C. be missing D. get lost

40

?作定语
?作宾语 ?作补语

?作状语

41

作补语
发出

主语 人/物1

谓语 宾语 动作1 人/物2
作用在

发出

动作2 补语

42

感官动词 see watch do 被动句还原to hear + sb./sth. + doing feel done notice

43

?I

saw two boys fight with each other. 宾语补足语 ? Two boys were seen to fight with each other. 主语补足语

44

46

被动句还原to do have/make/let + sth./sb. doing done to do get/leave + sth./sb. doing done doing keep sb./sth done
使役动词

45

?A

cook will be fired if he is found __ in the kitchen. ?A. smoke B. smoking ?C. to smoke
46

My mother makes me learn English every day. 宾语补足语 I am made to learn English every day.

主语补足语

47

48

作状语
to do ? -ing ? done
?

48

to tell (you) the truth to be honest to be frank to speak frankly to begin/start with strange to say needless to say

49

?

to do作状语可句首可句尾, 但在句尾不可用逗号分开, only to除外 We eat to live, but not live to eat. To live we eat. We eat, to live. (错) We eat, only to live. (表示出乎意料的结果)

50

The news reporters hurried to the airport, only B the film stars had _ left. (04福建) A. to tell B. to be told C. telling D. told

51

He hurried to the booking office, only B _ that all the tickets had been sold out. (06陕西) A. to tell B. to be told C. telling D. told

52

B He was busy writing a story, only __ once in a while to smoke a cigarette. (08辽宁) A. to stop B. stopping C. to have stopped D. having stopped

53

-ing作状语
(与谓语比) 时间先后 同时 (基本同时) 同时 之前 (和主语) 主被动 主动

doing

being done having done having been done

被动
主动

之前

被动

54

? We

sat on the high hillock and listened to the old story. ? We sat on the high hillock, listening to the old story. ? As soon as we heard the news, all Chinese people got excited. ? Hearing the news, all Chinese people got excited.

55

? He

had broken up with his gf. He dated with another girl. ? Having broken up with his gf, he dated with another girl. ? His gf dumped him. He dated with another girl. Having been dumped by his gf, he dated with another girl.

56

? If

you work hard, you’ll succeed. Working hard, you’ll succeed. ? If you look from the hill, you’ll find the city looks like an ant. Looking from the hill, you’ll find the city looks like an ant.

57

?

_ C the letter, he went out to post it. A. Writing B. Being written C. Having written D. Written 他 写信 主动
寄信 写信

58

_ D full preparations, we decided to put off the meeting till next week. A. We had not made B. Having not made C. Not made D. Not having made
我们 决定延期 没准备好 没准备好

主动

59

? 被动关系

done作状语

? 不强调时间先后

60

A in a red skirt in the opening ceremony _ of the 2008 Olympic Games, the little girl Lin Miaoke won the hearts of the people all over the world. A. Dressed B. Worn C. Dressing D. Wearing

61

?

wear状态, “穿着”, put on动作,“穿上”, dress 动作, “给…穿衣” dress sb. 状态, sb. be dressed in…
?

“穿戴”:wear/put on/dress

“坐”:sit/seat sb. sit, I sit here. sb. be seated, I am seated here. sit=be seated

62

When I arrived, I found the boy _. B A. seating B. seated C. is seating D. sits I found the boy was seated I found the boy was sitting.

63

判定题目是否考察非谓语 非谓语动词题目三步走:
? 谓语动词/句型的要求

? 主被动关系
? 时间先后顺序

? ?

作定语完成式禁用 作状语to do在句末不能用逗号隔开 only to表出乎意料结果除外

64

复合结构
I’m happy for your telling me the truth. ? I’m angry for your not telling me the truth.
?

my/your... 人/物’s

-ing

65

The discovery of new evidence led to C _. A. the thief having caught B. catch the thief C. the thief’s being caught D. the thief to be caught

66

D __ the meeting himself gave them a great deal of encouragement. A. The president will attend B. The president to attend C. The president attended D. The president’s attending

67

独立主格结构
主语+谓语 名词/代词+ 非谓语动词,
动作的逻辑主语

68

?

Leaves falling here and there, I
suddenly notice autumn is drawing upon. Task completed, we’ll have a global traveling.

?

69

The country has already sent up three unmanned spacecraft, the most recent __ at the end of last March.(2007山东) B A. has been launched B. having been launched C. being launched D. to be launched

70

The children went home from the grammar school, their lessons B for _ the day. (07重庆) A. finishing B. finished C. had finished D. were finished

71

?作主语
?作表语

72

It is +adj.+ of

for of, for区别: 当adj是修饰sb时用of 当adj是修饰sth时用for ? It is very kind __ you to help us. of ? It is difficult for us to learn English well. __

sb. to do sth.

73

作主语视为单数
To go to bed early and to get up early _ a good habit for us. B A are B is C was D were

74

做表语
眼见为实。 Seeing is believing. 对等原则,主语和表语形式一致 To see is to believe.

75

特殊疑问词+to do Give me where to stand, and I’ll move the world.

76

Thank you!

77

? ___

(walk)..., he could feel... ? __ (wait)... for half an hour, the man realized... ? ...hear English ___ (speak) ? But __ (find) it, I had to read the book ? __ (fail) ,we sent an email instead.

78

? heard

his mother’s voice __ (call) him

79


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