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Passage 1 Americans use many expressions with the word “dog”. People in the United States love their dogs and treat them well. __1__ However, dogs without owners to care for them lead a different kind of life. The expression, to lead a dog's life, describes a person who has an unhappy existence. Some people say we live in a dogeatdog world. __2__ They say that to be successful, a person has to work like a dog. This means they have to work very, very hard. Such hard work can make people dogtired. And, the situation would be even worse if they became sick as a dog. __3__ This means that every person enjoys a successful period during his or her life. To be successful, people often have to learn new skills. Yet, some people say that you can never teach an old dog new tricks. They believe that older people do not like to learn new things and will not change the way they do things. __4__ People who are unkind or uncaring can be described as meaner than a junkyard dog. Junkyard dogs live in places where people throw away things they do not want. Mean dogs are often used to guard this property. They bark or attack people who try to enter the property. However, sometimes a person who appears to be mean and threatening is really not so bad. We say his bark is worse than his bite. Dog expressions are also used to describe the weather. The dog days of summer are the hottest days of the year. A rainstorm may cool the weather. But we do not want it to rain too hard. __5__ A.Still, people say every dog has its day. B.We do not want it to rain cats and dogs. C.Some people are compared to dogs in bad ways. D.Dogs are their best friends and they are loyal to people. E.There are many other expressions waiting for you to explore. F.That means many people are competing for the same things, like good jobs. G.They take their dogs for walks, let them play outside and give them good food and medical care.

答案与解析 本文为一篇说明文。文章介绍了一些与 dog 相关的俗语。 1.G 根据空格前一句内容可知,美国人喜爱而且善待狗,故选 G 项,即举例说明美国人的待 狗之道。此题易错选 D 项。狗的忠诚与上下文毫无关系。 2.F 根据篇章结构,每提出一个新的俗语,下文便有文字对前面的俗语进行解释。故此处选 用作解释的内容最为合适。故选 F 项。 3.A 空格后的内容正是对选项的解释,故选 A 项。 4.C 根据空格后一句,那些不友好、不关心他人的人通常被描述成 meaner than a junkyard dog 可知,本段应该是用 dog 的短语来比喻不好的人。故选 C 项。 5.B 根据空格前提到的 rain 可知,只有 B 项与此有关。

Passage 2 Where would you most like to go on vacation? Paris? London? The Amazon Rain forest? Each of these destinations is attractive. __1__ As a new word, staycation refers to people staying at home during their vacation time, and going sightseeing around their hometown. Staycations have become really popular recently, as a way of having an enjoyable vacation, without spending too much money. There are shortcomings to every positive thing, however. __2__ You also might prevent yourself from enjoying things to the fullest, as the atmosphere might be the same as any other time. __3__ It means you won't be available for work or other activities. What can you do to make your staycation fun? 1. Go to a nearby town, or to a fancy hotel in your hometown and stay overnight. Treat yourself to room service and any other fun things the hotel has to offer. 2. __4__ You would have done it on a vacation, right? Treat yourself to this, at least for one day! 3. Throw a small party. Think about the money you are saving by not going away. You will still save money, but have more fun, and you will help other people to have fun too! 4. Go shopping! Window shopping, or the super fun type, where you buy things! You would have bought souvenirs (纪念品) if you had gone on a vacation, so treat yourself during your staycation! The most important thing to remember is to do things that make you and your family excited! __5__ A.Eat out for every meal! B.Go on a day trip to a nearby town, or to a beach. C.But why not remain at home and enjoy a staycation? D.If you are on a staycation, you might get calls from work. E.Most of the time it involves dining out more frequently than usual. F.Make sure you all have fun, and when it is over, you feel refreshed. G.The trick is to make sure your friends and coworkers know you are on a staycation.

答案与解析 本文介绍了一种新的度假方式——呆在家里度假(staycation)。 1.C 空格处的句子用以引出话题 staycation,而下文 As a new word, staycation... 用以解释 staycation 的含义。 2.D 该句及下文都是在解释 There are shortcomings to every positive thing... 的内容。故应选择 讲在家度假缺点的选项。 3.G 让朋友和同事知道你在以 staycation 方式休假的目的是:让他们知道你不能工作或进行 其他活动。 4.A 该句与下文 Treat yourself to this, at least for one day!相符。 5.F 上文的 excited 与该句的 have fun, feel refreshed 相符,介绍在家度假的作用。

Passage 3 Kids with special needs refer to any kid who might need extra help because of a medical, emotional, or learning problem. For example, kids who cannot walk need wheelchairs. They not only need equipment that helps them get around, but they might need to have ramps (坡道) or elevators' available.__1__ Kids with an illness would have special needs, too. __2__Kids with sight problems might need Braille books to read. Kids with hearing problems might need hearing aids. __3__ It might be harder to do normal things, like learning to read or just getting around the school. The good news is that parents, doctors, nurses, teachers, and others can help. The goal is to help kids be as independent as possible. Other kids can also be a big help. How? By being a friend. Kids who use a wheelchair or have lots of health problems want friends just as you do. But meeting people and making friends can be difficult. __4__ Be sure to tell a teacher if you see someone being bullied (欺辱) or teased. __5__ Being friendly to kids with special needs is one of the best ways to be helpful. As you get to know them, they may help you understand what it's like to be in their shoes. And you'll be helping fill a very special need, one that everybody has—the need for good ends. A.Some kids might laugh at or make fun of them. B.It is good manners to offer help to kids with special needs. C.Life can be challenging for a kid with special needs. D.They also might need to get a special bus to school. E.They might need medicine or other help as they go about their daily activities. F.Also, try to be helpful if you know someone with special needs. G.Someone could have trouble with anxiety, but you wouldn't know it unless told about it.

答案与解析 本文是一篇说明文。文章讲述了如何对待有特殊需要的孩子。 1.D 根据前面的句式 they might need... 可判断 D 项的句型 They also might need... 最恰当。 2.E 从前面的 illness 提示以及下文的例子可知,他们从事日常活动时需要医疗或者其他方面 的帮助。故选 E 项。 3.C 该空后面提到了...harder to do normal things...,所以前面的空填 C 项,对残疾孩子来说, 生活是充满挑战的,即艰难的。 4.A 该空前面说到“残疾孩子交朋友困难”。后面说的是“要是发现有人被欺侮,要告诉老师”, 所以空格内容为“有的小孩儿可能会取笑他们”比较合适。故选 A 项。 5.F 本段论述的是如何与残障孩子交朋友,帮助他们。空后面说...one of the best ways to be helpful...,所以前面空格处的内容应该已经提到要 be helpful,故选 F 项。

Passage 4 There is distinction between reading for information and reading for understanding. __1__ The first sense is the one in which we read newspapers, magazines, or anything else. __2__ Such materials may increase our store of information, but they cannot improve our understanding. And clearly we don't have any difficulty in gaining the new information, for our understanding was equal to them before we started. Otherwise, we would have felt the shock of puzzlement. The second sense is the one in which we read something that at first we do not completely understand. Here the thing to be read is at the first sight better or higher than the reader. The writer is communicating something that can increase the reader's understanding.__3__ Otherwise one person could never learn from another. Here “learning” means understanding more, not remembering more information. What are the conditions in this kind of reading? First, there is inequality in understanding. __4__ Besides, his book must convey something he possesses and his potential readers lack. Second, the reader must be able to overcome this inequality in some degree. And he should always try to reach the same level of understanding with the writer. If the equality is approached, success of communication is achieved. __5__ It is the least demanding and requires the least amount of effort. Everyone who knows how to read can read for entertainment if he wants to. In fact, any book that can be read for understanding or information can probably be read for entertainment as well. A.The writer should have a better communicating skill. B.Such communication between unequals must be possible. C.We can get access to the content of those materials easily. D.The writer must be “superior” to the reader in understanding. E.Thus, we can employ the word “reading” in two distinct senses. F.Reading for entertainment is capable of increasing our understanding for information. G.Besides gaining information and understanding, there's another goal of reading—entertainment.

答案与解析 阅读的目的分为获取信息的阅读以及理解性阅读,前者相对容易,而后者的难度相对大一些。 1.E 根据下文的 The first sense. The second sense. 可知答案为 E 项。 2.C 由下文中的 such materials 可知,空格处已提到了 materials 一词,故选 C 项。 3.B 前面两句中说作家的作品中有些读者不知道的内容,是需要读者认真领会的,因而作家 与读者在知识上是不对等的(unequals)。 空格后的句子 Otherwise one person could never learn from another. 表示“否则一个人不可能从另一个人那里学到东西”,该句也解释了 unequals(两个水平 不同的人)的含义。同时,从行文上看,空前一句提到了 communicating, 而只有 B 项中的 such communication 与之衔接紧密。 4.D The writer must be “superior”to the reader in understanding(作者必须比读者的理解力强)与 inequality in understanding 相符。 5.G 下文内容是上文内容的一个延续,与上文为递进关系,所以用 besides 开头。本段后面 出现了两次 entertainment 也提示答案为 G 项。

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