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新牛津8b unit7 reading


Reading (I)

Translate phrases and sentences.

1. 剩下一些零花钱 have some pocket money left 2. 太虚弱以至于不能走的更远 too weak to walk any further 3. 吃一顿丰盛的午餐 have a big lunch 4. 国际慈善机构 international charities

ORBIS

World Wide Fund for Nature

Oxfam

UNICEF

Lead-in

Why is the plane special?
a flying eye hospital (空中眼科医院)

How does this charity work ?
It works to help the blind people in
poor areas by plane.

What do ORBIS doctors do on the plane?

operate on patients = do an operation on patients

ORBIS

treat (治疗), cure (治愈) or prevent (预防) blindness

Information about ORBIS
ORBIS is a charity that helps blind people. Most eye problems can be cured or prevented. However, many people can’t afford to go to hospital. The doctors on the ORBIS plane fly to poor areas to treat people with eye problems and teach local doctors and nurses new skills. After learning from the ORBIS doctors, they can help more people.

What does ORBIS do in the world?

interviewer blindness mostly case cure medical treatment patient afford

n. n. adv. n. vt. adj. n. n. vt.

采访者 失明 主要的,大部分的 案例,病例 治愈 医学的,医疗的 治疗 病人 买得起,能做

go to hospital go aboard operate vi. proud adj. reader n. medicine n. develop v. treat vt. carry on

去看病 在飞机(船,火车)上 做手术 自豪的,骄傲的 读者 医学,药 发展,加强 治疗,处理 继续开展,继续下去

1. blindness f 2. cure 3. patient
c e

a. cut a person’s body open to take out or repair a part b.in or on a plane, ship, train, etc. c. make an illness go away

4. afford

d

5. on board b 6. operate
a

d.have enough money to pay for something
e. a person who is ill, especially in hospital f. the condition of being unable to see

Scanning:

How many people did he operate on during his last visit?
He operated on 150 patients during his last visit.

Skim and write T or F:
1. All the eye problems can be cured or prevented. F 2. Many people can’t afford to go to hospital. T 3. The plane is used as a hospital and teaching centre. T 4. ORBIS is a business that helps blind people. F 5. Local doctors and nurses can help people in poor areas after learning from ORBIS doctors. T

Lines 1-6
1. How many people does blindness affect around the world? Where are they mostly from? Blindness affects about 285 million people, mostly in poor countries. 2. How many sick people can be cured or prevented? About 80 per cent of the cases.

3. Why don’t some people receive medical treatment? Because they do not have the money for medical treatment.

Lines 7-9
1.Where do ORBIS doctors do operations?
They do operations on the plane.

2.How does ORBIS help?
ORBIS use its Flying Eye Hospital to visit poor areas. On the plane, volunteer doctors do operations. The plane is also used as a training center.

Lines 10-20
1. Why don’t ORBIS doctors work in a hospital? Because many patients cannot afford to travel to hospital, ORBIS doctors have to go to them. 2. Is the plane only a place to perform operations? No. Local doctors and nurses can come to the plane to learn about eye operations. 3. How does Dr Ma feel about his job? He is proud to help people see again and improve their lives.

Read Lines 21-26after the tape, then try to answer:

1.What is needed to help blind people?
More money is needed to help blind people.

2.What does Dr Ma hope?
He hopes more people will support ORBIS.

Try to write down the main ideas of the following.

1. (Line 1-6) something about blindness 2. (Line 7-15) the work of ORBIS 3. (Line 16-20) Dr Ma’s work and his feeling 4. (Line 21-26) Dr Ma’s hope

Part B2 on P96.
Amy wants to show how ORBIS helps people. She is making a chart. Help her fill in the blanks with the words in the box.

doctors and nurses eye operations eye problems Flying Eye Hospital new skills see again

More details about how ORBIS help people ORBIS, a charity Flying Eye Hospital to visit poor areas uses its _________________

treats people with ______________ eye problems
doctors and does _____________ eye operations invites local __________ on the plane ________ nurses on board

new skills helps people _______ see again teaches them _________

Amy made some more notes of the interview. Help her put the sentences together.

1. Many more people in poor areas

e

2. Dr Ma thinks that most eye problems and diseases 3. Many blind people do not get any treatment

f

a. were operated on during Dr Ma’s last visit. b. a hospital and a treating centre.
c. because they have no money to go to hospital. d. to carry on with the work. e. have eye problems.

c

4. The ORBIS plane is used as

b

5. One hundred and fifty patients

a

6. More money is needed

d

f. can be prevented or cured.

Amy is writing an article about ORBIS for the school newsletter. Help her complete it with the correct forms of the words in the box.

afford

board

cure

medicine

patient

proud

support

train

The ORBIS plane travels all around the world and helps people with eye problems in poor areas. Most of the people there cannot (1)_______ afford to go to hospital, so ORBIS doctors go to them. Operations are done to help people with eye problems see again. The (2)_________ patients do not have to pay because ORBIS is a charity.

Local doctors and nurses are also invited board to learn new skills. By on (3)_______ training them, ORBIS doctors hope to (4)________ help more people. Dr Ma is a doctor on the ORBIS plane. He feels (5)_______ proud to help people see again. Dr Ma thinks that modern (6)_________ medicine is developing quickly and now most eye cured problems can be treated and (7)_______, but more money is needed to (8)_________ support their work.

Discussion:
Dr Ma tells us that more money is needed to carry on with their work. As a student, what can you do to help them? 1. Donate our pocket money to ORBIS.

2. Introduce ORBIS to more people.
3. Tell people that it is important to take good care of eyes. …

1.Read the text more.
2. Finish the exercises in the

workbook.


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