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英国文学史测试题(全)


英国文学史
1.The statement “Studies serve for delight, for ornament, and for ability”opens one of well-known essays by_________. Francis Bacon Samuel Johnson Alexander Pope Jonathan Swift [参考答案] Francis Bacon 2.When he died, Chaucer was buried in __________ the Poet's Corner. Westminster Abbey Normandy Canterbury Southwark [参考答案] Westminster Abbey 3.Among the great Middle English poets, Geoffrey Chaucer is known for his production of . Piers Plowman Sir Gawain and the Green Knight Confessio Amantis The Canterbury Tales [参考答案] The Canterbury Tales 4.The first mention of Robin Hood in literature is in Langland's _________. The Legend of Good Woman The Vison of Piers the Plowman Boewulf Fables [参考答案] The Vison of Piers the Plowman 5.Which literary genra does Sir Gawain and the Green Knight belong to? epic romance novel prose [参考答案] romance 6.English literature at the Anglo-Norman Period was also a combination of ____ and Saxon elements. Latin Greek English French [参考答案] French 7.In the 14th century, the two most important writers are_____ and Chaucer Caedmon Cynewulf Langland Shakespeare [参考答案] Langland 8.Who is the monster half-human who had mingled thirty warriors in The Song of Beowulf? Hrothgat Heorot Grendel Beowulf [参考答案] Grendel 9.The most important work of_____is The Anglo-Saxon Chronicles,which is regarded as the best monument of the old English prose. Alfred the Great Caedmon Cynewulf Venerable Bede [参考答案] Alfred the Great 10.The epic, The Song of Beowulf, represents the spirit of_____. monks romanticists sentimentalists pagan [参考答案] pagan 11.The sentence “Shall I compare thee to a summer’s day ?” is the beginning line of one of Shakespeare’s . comedies tragedies histories sonnets [参考答案] sonnets

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12.In his literary development, Chaucer was influenced by three literatures, which one is not true? French literature Italian literature English literature German litereature [参考答案] German litereature 13.Who is the "father of English poetry" and one of the greatest narrative poets of English? Geoffrey Chaucer Martin Luther William Langland John Gower [参考答案] Geoffrey Chaucer 14.In the 15th century, there is only one important prose writer whose namen is_____. He wrote an important work called Le Morte d'Arthur. Thomas Marlory Langland Chaucer Adam Bede [参考答案] Thomas Marlory 16.________'s Essays is the first example of that genre in English literature, which has been highly esteemed. John Donne John Milton Francis Bacon Edmund Spenser [参考答案] Francis Bacon 17.In English poetry, a four-line stanza is called ______. heroic couplet quatrain Spenserian stanza terza rima [参考答案] quatrain 18.In the first part of Gulliver's Travels, Gulliver told his experience in _______. Lilliput Brobdingnag Houyhnhnm England [参考答案] Lilliput 19. is the successful religious allegory in the English language . The Pilgrim’s Progress Grace Abounding to the Chief of Sinners The Life and Death of Mr. Badman The Holy War [参考答案] The Pilgrim’s Progress 20.Crusoe is the hero in The life and Strange Surprising Adventures of Robinson Grusoe, of York, Mariner (also known as Robinson Crusoe)by . Jonathan Swift Daniel Defoe George Eliot D.H.Lawrence [参考答案] Daniel Defoe 21.Which of the following is NOT typical of metaphysical poetry best represented by John Donne's works? Common speech Conceit Argument Refined Language [参考答案] Common speech 22.The lines"Death ,but not proud,though some have clled thee/Mighty and powerful,for thou are not so" are found in_____. William Wordsworth's writings John Keat's writings John Donne's writings Percy Bysshe Shelley's writings [参考答案] John Donne's writings 23.The story of Paradise Lost is taken from _________. a legend Bible an epic a folklore [参考答案] Bible

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24.The 18th century witnessed a new literary form-the modern English novel, which, contrary to the medieval romance, gives a ______ presentation of life of the common people. romantic realistic prophetic idealistic [参考答案] realistic 25.As a whole, ______is one of the most effective and devastating criticisms and satires of all aspects in the then English and European life— socially, politically, religiously, philosophically, scientifically, and morally. Moll Flanders Gulliver ’s Travels Pilgrim’s Progress The School for Scandal [参考答案] Gulliver’s Travels 26.Jonathan Swift's"Gulliver's Travels" gives an unparalleled______depiction of the vices of his age. religious romantic satirical comic [参考答案] satirical 27.The ture subject of John Donne's poem,“The Sun Rising,” is to ___. A..attack the sun as an unruly servant B..give compliments to the mistress and her power of beauty C.criticize the sun's intrusion into the lover's private life D.lecture the sun on where true royalty and riches lie [参考答案] give compliments to the mistress and her power of beauty 28.In the first part of the novel Pride and prejudice, Mr. Darcy has a (n) ______ of the Bennet family. high opinion great admiration low opinion erroneous view [我的答案] low opinion 29.Which of the following is taken from John Keats’ “Ode on a Grecian Urn”? A.“I fall upon the thorns of life! I bleed!” B.“They are both gone up to the church to pray.” C.“Earth has not anything to show more fair.” D.“Beauty is truth, truth beauty”. [我的答案] “Beauty is truth, truth beauty”. 30."And where are they? And where art thou,/ My country? On thou voiceless shore/ The heroic lay is tuneless now-/The heroic bossom beats no more!"(George Gordon Byron, Don Juan) In the above stanaz, "art thou" literally means _________. "art you" "are though" "art though" "are you" [我的答案] "are you" 31.Romance, which uses narrative verse or prose to tell stories of _______ adventures or other heroic deeds, is a popular literary form in the medieval period. Christian knightly Greek primitive [我的答案] knightly

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32.Which of the following descriptions of Gothic Novels is NOT correct? A.It predominated in the early eighteenth century. B.It was one phase of the Romantic movement. C.Its principal elements are violence, horror and the supernatural. D.Works like The Mysteries of Udolpho and Frankenstein are typical Gothic romance. [我的答案] It predominated in the early eighteenth century. 33.“ Some books are to be tasted, others to be swallowed, and some few to be chewed and digested;”( Of Studies). Here Bacon compares reading to . walking eating drinking acting [我的答案] eating 34.Daniel Defoe describes ______ as a typical English middle-class man of the18th century,the very prototype of the empire builder or the pioneer colonist. Robinson Crusoe Moll Flanders Gulliver Tom Jones [我的答案] Robinson Crusoe 35. _______ compiled the A Dictionary of the English Language which became the foundation of all the subsequent English dictionaries. Ben Jonson Samuel Johnson Alexander Pope John Dryden [我的答案] Samuel Johnson 36.Donne’s famous analogy of parting lovers to a drawing compass affords a prime example of . dramatic style exaggeration paradox conceit [我的答案] conceit 37.Which of the following shows in a more implicit way that the poet was touched by the song of the solitary reaper? I listened, motionless land still Will no one tell me what she sings ? I saw her singing at her work. The music in my heart I bore. [我的答案] I listened, motionless land still 38.What is his name?”“Bingley.”“Is he married or single?”“Oh! Single, my dear, to be sure! A single man of large fortune; four or five thousand a year. What a fine thing for our girls!”The above dialogue must be taken from_____________. Jane Austen’s Pride and Prejudice Emily Bronte’s Wuthering Heights John Galsworthy’s The Forsyte Saga George Eliot’s Middlemarch [我的答案] Jane Austen’s Pride and Prejudice 39.The English Renaissance period was an age of ______ . poetry and drama drama and novel novel and poetry romance and poetry [我的答案] poetry and drama 40.The well-known soliloquy by Hamlet “To be , or not to be’ shows his_______. hatred for his uncle love for life inner- strife resolution of revenge [我的答案] inner- strife

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41.In his essay“Of Studies,”Bacon said:“Some books are to be tasted, others to be swallowed, and some few to be chewed and____________.” skimmed perfected imitated digested [我的答案] digested 42.Beowulf, the oldest great long poem ever written in English, is composed in a form of . epics lyrics folk songs sagas [我的答案] epics 43.”_______” is the cooperative work of William Wordsworth and Samuel Coleridge. Tintern Abbey The Rime of the Ancient Mariner Lyrical Ballads Prelude [我的答案] Lyrical Ballads 44.____ is central to Blake’s concern in his Songs of Innocence and Songs of Experience. Politics Religion Childhood Manhood [我的答案] Childhood 45.Shakespeare wrote ___________sonnets. 125 154 245 138 [我的答案] 154 46.“ So long as men can breathe, or eyes can see, / So long lives this , and this gives life to thee.”(Shakespeare, Sonnets 18) What does “this” refer to ? Lover Time Summer Poetry [我的答案] Poetry 47.Keats was born in the family of a ______________. landlord apothecary stable keeper doctor [我的答案] stable keeper 48.In Elegy Written in a Country Churchyard, Thomas Gray compares the common folk with the great ones, wondering what the commons could have achieved if they had had the . chance love money material sources [我的答案] chance 49.In ________, Shakespeare has not only made a profound analysis of the social crisis in which the evils can be seen everywhere, but also criticized the bourgeois egoism. Hamlet Othello King Lear Macbeth [我的答案] King Lear 50."Poetry is spontaneous"was put forward by _______. Robert Burns William Blake William Wordsworth Charles Lamb [我的答案] William Wordsworth

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51.William Wordsworth, a romantic poet, advocated all the following EXCEPT . A.the using of everyday language spoken by the common people. B.the expression of the spontaneous overflow of powerful feelings. C.the humble and rustic life as subject matter. D.elegant wordings and inflated figures of speech. [我的答案] elegant wordings and inflated figures of speech. 52.Portia,the heroine in "______"is one of Shakespeare's ideal women-beautiful,prudent,cultured and capable of rising to an emergency. "The Merchant of Venice" "As You Like It" "King Lear" "Twelfth Night" [我的答案] "The Merchant of Venice" 53.The Petrarchan sonnet was first introduced into England by ______. Surrey Wyatt Sidney Shakespeare [我的答案] Wyatt 54.The Rime of the Ancient Mariner is a poem written in the form of . ballad sonnet heroic couplet Spenserian stanza [我的答案] ballad 55.The most significant idea of the Renaissance is________. humanism realism naturalism skepticism [我的答案] humanism 56.What flourished in Elizabenthan age more than any other form of literature? novel drama essay poetry [我的答案] drama 57.The phrase “to urge people to abide by Christian doctrines and to seek salvation through constant struggles with their own weaknesses and all kinds of social evils” may well sum up the implied meaning of ___. Gulliver's Travels The Rape of the Lock Robinson Crusoe The pilgrim's Progress [我的答案] The pilgrim's Progress 58.The________was a progressive intellectual movement throughout Western Europe in the 18th century. Romanticism Humanism Enlightenment Sentimentalism [我的答案] Enlightenment 59.“Byronic hero”is a figure of the following traits EXCEPT ______.? being proud being rebellious being of humble origin being mysterious [我的答案] being of humble origin 60.John Bunyan’s Pilgrim’s Progress is often regarded as a typical example of_________. allegory romance epic in prose fable [我的答案] allegory

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61.The Houyhnhnms depicted by Jonathan Swift in Gulliver's Travels are ___. A.horses that are endowed with reason B.pigmies that are endowed with admirable qualities C.giants that are superior in wisdom D.hairy,wild, low and despicable creatures, who resemble human beings not only in appearance but also in some other ways. [我的答案] horses that are endowed with reason 62._____ is the first important religious poet in English literature. Cynewulf Caedmon Shakepeare Adam Bede [我的答案] Caedmon 63.Which of these is not a song written by Robert Burns? A Red, Red Rose Auld Lang Syne To a Mouse Spring and Fall [我的答案] Spring and Fall 64.The Pilgrim's Progress by John Bunyan, is often saidn to be concerned with the search for _______. self-fulfilment spiritual salvation material wealth universal truth [我的答案] spiritual salvation 65.The unquenchable spirit of Robinson Crusoe struggling to maintain a substantial existence on a lonely island reflects . A.man’s desire to return to nature B.the author’s criticism of the colonization C.the ideal of the rising bourgeoisie D.the aristocrats’ disillusionment of the harsh social reality [我的答案] the ideal of the rising bourgeoisie 66.John Milton's greatest poetical work ______ is the only generally acknowledged epic in English literarure since Beowulf. Areopagitica Paradise Lost Lycidas Samson Agonistes [我的答案] Paradise Lost 67.Which of the following is NOT typical of metaphysical poetry best represented by John Donne’s works? Common speech. Conceit. Argument. Refined language. [我的答案] Common speech. 68.Generally , the Renaissance refers to the period between the 14th and mid-17th centuries, its essence is . science philosophy arts humanism [我的答案] humanism 69.“Make me thy lyre, even as the forest is…” (Ode to the West Wind )This shows Shelly’s wish to be a propagator of revolutionary ideas singer enjoying great fame man who can wander freely heroic fighter in the forest [我的答案] propagator of revolutionary ideas

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70._______ is a typical feature of Swifts writings. Elegant style Bitter satire Casual narration Complicated sentence structure [参考答案] Bitter satire 72.Gothic novels are mostly stories of , which take place in some haunted or dilapidated Middle Age castles . love and marriage sea adventures mystery and horror saints and martyrs [参考答案] mystery and horror 73.Literature of Neoclassicism is different from that of Romanticism in that _______. A.the former celebrates reason, rationality, order and instruction while the latter sees literature as an expression of an individual’s feelings and experiences B.the former is heavily religious but the latter secular C.the former is an intellectual movement the purpose of which is to arouse the middle class for political rights while the latter is concerned with the personal cultivation. D.the former advocates the "return to nature" whereas the latter turns to the ancient Greek and Roman writers for its models [参考答案] the former celebrates reason, rationality, order and instruction while the latter sees literature as an expression of an individual’s feelings and experiences 74.The most important representative work by Jonathan Swift is “___________________”. A Tale of a Tub The Battle of the Books A Modest Proposal Gulliver’s Travels [参考答案] Gulliver’s Travels 75._____was the first to introduce the sonnet into English literature . Thomas Wyatt William Shakespeare Henry Howard John Lyly [参考答案] Thomas Wyatt 76.John Milton is a great poet in the _____________________ Period. Renaissance Neoclassical Romantic Realist [参考答案] Renaissance 77.The sonnet“Death Be Not Proud”is written in the strict pattern. It reveals the poet’s belief that . A.Shakespearean, death is only a sleep, after which we live eternally B.Petrarchan, death is but momentary while happiness after death is eternal. C.Elizabethan, death is not as strong as people think he is D.Portuguese, death is like a long sleep that offers final peace for the soul [我的答案] Petrarchan, death is but momentary while happiness after death is eternal.

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78.“Let not Ambition mock their useful toil,/Their homely joys, and destiny obscure;/Nor Grandeur hear with a disdainful smile /The short and simple annals of the poor.”The above lines are taken from A.Alexander Pope’s Essay on Criticism B.Coleridge’s “Kubla Khan” C.John Donne’s “The Sun Rising” D.Thomas Gray’s “Elegy Written in a Country Churchyard” [我的答案] Thomas Gray’s “Elegy Written in a Country Churchyard” 79.William Wordsworth asserts that poetry originates from? form thoughts emotion artistic devices [我的答案] emotion 80. In English poetry, a four-line stanza is called ______. heroic couplet quatrain Spenserian stanza terza rima [我的答案] quatrain 81._____ is the most common foot in English poetry. the anapest the trochee the iambic the dactyal [我的答案] the iambic 82.Among the representatives of the Enlightenment, who was the first to introduce rationalism to England ? John Bunyan Daniel Defoe Alexander Pope Jonathan Swift [我的答案] Alexander Pope 83.By making the truth-seeking pilgrims suffer at the hands of the people of Vanity Fair, John Bunyan intends to show the prevalent political and religious ______of his time. persecution improvement prosperity disillusionment [我的答案] persecution 84.Which of the following words NOT appropriate to describe Mrs. Bennet, a character in Pride and Prejudice ? Beautiful Intelligent Snobbish Vulgar [我的答案] Intelligent 85.“If Winter comes, can Spring be far behind?” the quoted line comes from ________. A.Shelley’s “Ode to the West Wind” B.Walt Whitman’ s Leaves of Grass C.John Milton’s Paradise Lost D.John Keats’“ Ode on a Grecian Urn” [我的答案] Shelley’s “Ode to the West Wind” 86.It is generally regarded that Keats's most important and mature poems are in form of _________. Elegy ode epic sonnet [我的答案] ode 87.“If Winter comes, can Spring be far behind!” is an epigrammatic line by __ J.Keats W.Blake W.Wordsworth P.B.Shelley [我的答案] P.B.Shelley
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88.The British bourgeois or middle class believed in the following notions EXCEPT ______. self - esteem self - reliance self - restraint hard work [我的答案] self - esteem 89.The_______was a progressive intellectual movement throughout Western Europe in the 18th century. Romanticism Humanism Enlightenment Sentimentalism [我的答案] Enlightenmen

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