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2016年广东高考完形填空(二)


2016高三备考复习
完形填空解题技巧讲解

Welcome to my class

2013-2015年全国卷

完形填空考情分析

2013-2015年全国卷完形填空考点分布

名词
2013年 2014年 2015年 7 9 7

动词
7 4 6

形容词 副词
4 4 3 2 3 3

连词
0 0 1

命题特点: 1.同一小题的四个选项是同一词类或同一语法功能 2.在语篇层面上考查常用词汇(实词为主)的准确 和得体的应用

2013-2015年全国卷完形填空设空分类
句子层面 2013年 2014年 2015年 6 5 4 句组层面 7 5 5 语篇层面 7 10 11

命题特点: 语篇层面设空的比例有所增加,超过了三 分之一,反映出“突出语篇”的命题思路。

培养语篇意识, 巧解完形填空

1.关注首句,迅速确定文章的话题和故事发生的背 景,把握文章的发展方向

(2014全国卷)As a general rule, all forms of activity lead to boredom when they are performed on a routine(常规)basis.

揭示中心: 所有形式的活动实施多了就会导致厌倦。

2.关注短文的首段和末段,以及关键句,先抓住 文章的主线,再了解细节。 (2015年全国卷)My kids and I were heading into the supermarket …. we spotted a man holding a piece of paper that said, “ (Lost) my job. Family to Feed.” …Stepping out not only helped a brother in (need), it also gave my kids the (sweet) taste of helping others. It’ll go a long way with them. 中心思想: 1….遇到了一位需要帮助的人。 2….向他伸出了援助之手, 3.孩子们从帮助别人的过程中体验到了快乐

3.关注句与句之间隐含的逻辑关系,摒弃只 见树木,不见森林的语言分析习惯

(一)并列(递进)关系
(2013全国卷)I tried to find a 47 position and thought it might be restful, 48 kind of nice, to be (pushed) around for a while. 47. A. flexible B. safe C. starting D. comfortable 48. A. yet B. just C. still D. even 此类的连接词还有also,as well(as), likewise, similarly, besides, furthermore, moreover, in addition(to), worse still…

(二)正反关系 although, but, however, instead, nevertheless, on the contrary, otherwise, to the opposite, while, yet, unfortunately,despite,in spite of 等。

例一(2014全国卷)For example, on Christmas morning, children are excited about (playing) with their new toys. But their (44) soon wears off …. 44. A. confidence B. interest C. anxiety D. sorrow

(二)正反关系

(例二)All the latest mobile phones today include phone tracking. This technology is really helpful in many ways…. Despite the countless 9 the phone tracking provides,there are still privacy concerns. A.types B.facts C.theories D.benefits

(三)因果关系 as,as a result, because (of),consequently, due to, for, now that, since, so, so…that, therefore,thus等。
Most developed nations have become _____(43) on digital technology simply because they've grown accustomed to it. 43. A. bent B. hard C. keen D. dependent

试着代入四个词然后从经验逻辑来进行判断: 因为习惯所以弯曲(A弯曲的); 因为习惯所以困难(B困难的); 因为习惯所以渴望(C渴望的); 因为习惯所以依赖(D依赖的)

另外,英语的语意表达中,绝大多数都存在着因 果关系 (2013全国卷)As soon as I sat down, my 41 made the chair begin to roll. Its wheels were not 42 . Then I wondered where to put my 43 . It took me quite a while to get the metal footrest into(place). 41. A. height B. force C. skill D. weight 42. A. locked B. repaired C. powered D. grasped 43. A. hands B. feet C. keys D. handles

(四)顺序(层次)关系 first(ly),secondly…finally,eventually,later on 等,关注这类连词有助于迅速理清文章的基本脉 络。 (2) It was not until five men went into the tower and only four left that they were 12 able to fool the crow. (2013年) A. gradually B. luckily C. strangely D. finally 解析:D 本题可依据时空顺序确定答案。根据上 文内容可知,在进行前面多次的试验之后,他们终 于将乌鸦弄糊涂了。

(五)列举(解释说明)关系 连接词有for example, for instance,for one thing, for another, such as, namely,in other words,that is 等

(2014全国卷)… all forms of activity lead to boredom when they are performed on a routine(常规)basis. As a matter of fact, we can see this (principle) at work in people of all (ages). For example, on Christmas morning, children are excited about (playing) with their new toys. But their (interest) soon wears off and by January those (same) toys can be found put away in the basement.

4.关注语义场 ,摆脱简单的语感判断,培养 找线索的能力
语义场是借用物理学中“场”的 概念而来的,是指语义的类聚。 语义场强调的是一个词跟全体词 在语义上存在着密切的联系,只 有通过比较、分析词与词之间的 语义关系,才能确定这个词真正 的内涵。

看到“hospital”这个词, 你会想到……
patient, doctor, illness, headache, pain,operation cure, suffer, inject,operate,break down,tranplant,look over,make it through…

unconcious,painful,swollen,infected,desperate, miserable,deadly...

(un)fortunately, desperately, sadly,...

一 . 同性质词之间的语义场 1. 名词之间的同类性

It’s a little funny seeing friends in clean shoes and trousers or colorful __36__, instead of the usual school uniform. A. shapes B. dresses C. flowers D. pictures
shoes, trousers,dresses,school uniform 属同一语义场

His machine,Cyclops,has a camera that scans any page,interprets the print into sounds,and then delivers them orally in a robot-like 6 through a speaker. 6.A.behavior B.expression C.movement D. voice

sounds,orally,voice,speaker 属同一个语义场

2. 动词之间的一致性 … 6 the pen by carving the boy’s full name will be appreciated. 6. A.Personalizing B. Replacing C. Designing D. Changing

personalizing,carving the boy’s full name 属同一个语义场

3.

形容词之间的一致性

(1) I’d get (45) ______ and take a shot at the wrong direction – which made me feel really stupid. 45. A. committed C. embarrassed B. motivated D. confused

confused,wrong,stupid 属同一个语义场

(2) Because they are such important occasions, gifts for bar mitzvahs(成人礼) tend to be more 5______ , for example, a gold-plated pen . 5.A. modest B. cheerful C. normal D. formal

important,formal 属同一个语义场

二、异性质词之间的语义场
Our meetings were not ______ (26); our conversation was filled with arguments and quarrels. 26.A.normal C.pleasant B.necessary D.possible

not pleasant,arguments,quarrels 属同一个语义场

语意场可以很大,也可以很小,有时很近,有 时又很远。
(Teachers, Books, Exercises, Doctors, Police, Parents…)
2) ___________ are helpful to students. They give them knowledge. 1) ___________ are helpful to students.

(Teachers, Books)

3) ___________ are helpful to students. In class they teach them knowledge and after class they care for them like parents.

(Teachers)
4) ___________ are helpful to students. They keep them healthy.

(Doctors, Nurses)

Let’s
practice

more….

(2014全国卷)…we can see this (principle) at work in people of all (ages) . For example, …, children are excited about … Adolescents enter high school with great (excitement…The same is true of the young adults going to college. And then, how many (adults) , who now complain (抱怨) about the long drives to work, Before people retire, they usually…

As a general rule, all forms of activity lead to boredom …But their (interest) soon wears off and by January those (same) toys can be found put away in the basement. The world is full of (half-filled) stamp albums and unfinished models, each standing as a monument to someone's (passing) interest. …Within a short time, however, the (burden) of caring for the animal is handed over to the parents. …but are soon looking forward to (graduation)…who now complain (抱怨) about the long drives to work and all of the other pastimes become as boring as the jobs they (left) .

As a general rule, all forms of activity lead to boredom …But their (interest) soon wears off and by January those (same) toys can be found put away in the basement. The world is full of (half-filled) stamp albums and unfinished models, each standing as a monument to someone's (passing) interest. …Within a short time, however, the (burden) of caring for the animal is handed over to the parents. …but are soon looking forward to (graduation)…who now complain (抱怨) about the long drives to work and all of the other pastimes become as boring as the jobs they (left) .

…on Christmas morning, children are excited about (playing) with their new toys. When parents bring home a pet, their child (gladly) bathes it and brushes its fur. …Adolescents enter high school with great (excitement) but …. (eagerly)drove for hours at a time when they first (obtained) their driver's license (执照)? Before people retire, they usually (plan) to do a lot of (great) things, which they never had (time) to do while working. But … .

…on Christmas morning, children are excited about (playing) with their new toys. When parents bring home a pet, their child (gladly) bathes it and brushes its fur. …Adolescents enter high school with great (excitement) but …. (eagerly)drove for hours at a time when they first (obtained) their driver's license (执照)? Before people retire, they usually (plan) to do a lot of (great) things, which they never had (time) to do while working. But … .

As a general rule, all forms of activity lead to boredom when they are performed on a routine (常规)basis….. But their (interest) soon wears off …Within a short time, however, the (burden) of caring for the animal is handed over to the parents. …but are soon looking forward to (graduation) …. But (soon) after retirement , the golfing… become as boring

children, toy 属同一个语义场
adolescents, high school 属同一个语义场 young adults, college 属同一个语义场 adults, to work 属同一个语义场 retirees, have time, left work 属同一个语义场

Summary: 1.关注首句,迅速确定文章的话题和故事发生的背景, 把握文章的发展方向 2.关注短文的首段和末段,以及关键句,先抓住文章的主 线,再了解细节。

3.关注句与句之间隐含的逻辑关系,摒弃只见树木,

不见森林的语言分析习惯
4.关注语义场 ,摆脱简单的语感判断,培养找线索的能 力

Remember to apply what you have learned to practice!

Thank you for your attendance!

Thank you for your attendance

(2013高考全国卷) 8. A. instead C. as usual B. strangely D. like me

设空方式: ①句子层面:只要理解了空格所在的这个句子 的意思或空格要选的词与其前后的词语搭配即 可选出正确答案。 ②句组层面:考生需在理解空格所在句及其前 一句或后一句之后才可选出正确答案。 ③语篇层面:考生若只理解空格句,或只理解 空格句及其前后句,仍无法选出正确答案,必 须理解前后几句或上下段落,甚至整个篇章, 才可选出正确答案。

A man was trying to take a photo of a crow(乌 鸦) that had a nest in a tower, but the crow always left when she saw him coming. The bird did not return until the man left the tower. The man had an idea. He took another man with him to the tower. One man left and the other stayed, but they did fool the bird. The crow stayed away until the second man left, too. The experiment was repeated with three men and then with four men. But the crow did not return to the nest until all the men were gone.


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