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◆◆高中英语分类总复习--语法填空(◆◆名师版)


高考语法填空题解题技巧
【解题技巧】 根据语法填空题命题的形式和特点,答题时我们可以从词义、词类、词性等方面入手。 一、关于纯空格形式 1、根据语境判断词义 通过句意或语篇的要求确定单词的含义,此种设计考查点包括实词和虚词。值得注意的是, 有时通过句子本身或上下两个句子就可以确定词义,但有时要通过几个句子、一个段落甚 至整个篇章结构才能确定。 判断词义可以通过定义、对比、因果、联想、上下文等线索确定。 (1)定义法:定义法是指通过定义解释、定语从句、同位语等判断词义,这类词主要是名 词,如: We are all in the position of the_______. If we plant a good seed, we will get a good harvest. If our seed is poor and full of weeds, we’ll get a useless crop. If we don’t plant anything, we’ll harvest nothing at all. 答案:farmer。解释:通过后面句子的含义解释可以确定空格词义是“农夫、农民”,特 别是几个关键词“plant, seed, harvest”与 farmer 的工作特点是完全一致的。 (2)对比法:对比法指通过句子的对比关系来判断所缺单词的词义,通常可以通过一些连 词或副词来判断,如 but, or, however, while, on the contrary, on the other hand 等。如: There are more _____________ teachers in my schools than men teachers. 答案:women。解释:通过对比后面的 men teachers 可以确定空格词义是“女性的”,即 名词 women 作定语修饰 teachers。 (3)因果法:指通过句子的内在联系或句子之间存在的因果关系来判断词义。如: The museum was so______ that it will be impossible to see all the exhibits in one day. 答案:large。解释:根据结果状语从句的含义“不可能一天之内看完所有的展品”可以判 断主句指的原因是“博物馆太大了”。 (4)语境线索:即通过上下语境确定空格内要填的词义。如: One day mother looked at Nick’s shoes and said, “Nick, look at your shoes. How _____ they are! You must clean them”. 答案:dirty。解释:根据语境“看看你的鞋子、你必须把它们弄干净”可以判断空格处词 义是“脏的”,句意是“你的鞋子是多么脏!”。 2、根据句子成分确定词性 对于纯空格形式的填空,在确定词义后,还要判断所填词的词性。词性的判断主要是通 过分析句子的成分来确定。一般情况下可以作如下分析: (1)主语和宾语一般由名词、代词充当,有时也有动名词、不定式短语。如: From Monday until Friday, most people are busy working or studying, but in the evening or on weekends they are free to relax and enjoy _____. 答案:themselves。解释:此处考查代词作宾语的用法。根据句子结构,句子的主语是 they, 谓语是 are free,to relax and enjoy _____是目的状语,在这个状语中缺宾语,再根据语境 “周末时自由放松”,所以要使用反身代词 themselves。 (2)谓语主要是由动词充当。在确定词义后,要判断其时态和语态。由于题目要求每空只 填一词,所以时态一般只考查一般现在时和一般过去时。如: She is the one who always takes his sorrow as her own sorrow, the one who always _________ by his side whether he is poor or rich.

答案:stands。解释:此处考查作谓语的动词,根据语境,此空含义是“站在(他身边)”, 即 stand 。同时根据前后句的时态可以判断要使用一般现在时,由于主语是 she,所以使 用第三人称单数 stands。 但有时也可能涉及非谓语动词,如: At midnight, I woke up to find the wife ________ soundly in her man’s embrace. I could see the smile of security on her face. 答案:sleeping。解释:此处考查语境理解及宾补结构的用法。根据语境“半夜我醒来时发 现那人的妻子正在她的男人的怀抱中熟睡” 所以使用动词 sleep 的现在分词形式充当补语。 , (3)表语、定语和补语一般由形容词充当,有时也有动名词、现在分词和过去分词等。如: Every year, on Spring Festival Eve, CCTV broadcasts its Spring Festival Gala___________ to millions of viewers. 答案:live。解释:此处考查语境理解及形容词充当补语的用法。broadcast…live 意为“现 场直播”。 (4)状语主要由副词充当。如: He dug for 12 hours…24 hours. _______,in the 38th hour, he pulled back a large stone and heard his son’s voice. 答案:Eventually /Finally。解释:此处考查语境理解及副词充当状语的用法。从语境可以 理解到此空含义是“终于,最后”,由于是修饰后面的整个句子,所以使用副词形式。 3、根据句子类型确定词类 若两个或几个简单句之间是逗号,可以判断,一定是填连词。连词有两类,一种是并列连 词,一种是从属连词。我们可以根据句子的类型判断所要填的词类。主要有以下几种句型: (1) 并列句:并列句一般由简单句+并列连词+简单句构成,有时并列连词前有逗号,可以根 据上下句的内在联系判断连词,如同等关系(and)、转折关系(but)、选择关系(or)、因果关 系(so)等。如: “There are many mainland students at my university and all the other universities in Hong Kong. These students could not speak Cantonese at first, ______ I had to speak putonghua to make friends with them” said Chueng. 答案:so。解释:根据上下句的语义可以判断是因果关系,所以使用 so。句意为“这些学 生不会讲广州话,所以,为了跟他们交朋友,我不得不讲普通话”。 (2) 状语从句:当确定为状语从句后,就要通过语境理解,判断上下文的逻辑关系是时间、 地点、条件、原因、让步、目的或其他,最后确定从属连词。如: _______the sun came out, he looked down and laughed. There was no abyss. Just six inches down there was a rock. 答案:As/When。解释:根据前后两个都是简单句可以判断是缺从属连词,从第一句的含 义来看,是表示时间的状语从句,所以使用 as/when。 (3) 名词性从句:当确定为名词性从句后,可以分析从句是否缺主语、宾语或表语,如果缺 以上成分,一般情况下要使用 what,有时可能使用 who/whom 或 which;如果不缺以上成 分, 则考虑句子意思是否完整, 完整的句子可以使用 that, 意思不完整的则考虑 where, why, how, because 等。如: I was in the train sitting opposite a middle-aged couple. They were ordinary in every respect, but ______ they did touched me deeply. 答案:what。解释:此处考查主语从句的引导词。从句中缺表示物的主语,所以使用 what。 (4)定语从句:当确定为定语从句后,首先要看看先行词指人、物、时间、地点,还是其他, 然后判断引导词在从句中的成分,再根据定语从句的有关规则确定使用哪个引导词。如:

However, Cheung, _______ graduated from Hong Kong Baptist University this summer, has found that now she needs putonghua more than ever. 答案: who。 解释: 此处考查非限制性定语从句的引导词的用法。 由于先行词是人 Cheung(张), 引导词在从句中作主语,所以使用 who。 4、根据固定搭配、典型句型确定动词、名词、介词等 固定搭配的短语及习惯用法是属于比较简单的考点,只要平时注意积累基本上就能答 对。 如: Volunteer work plays an important _______in America’s high school education. 答案:part。解释:此处考查短语 play a part in 的搭配用法。 但要有时命题者会在设计时增加一些难度,在短语之间插入其他一些成分,或将固定连用 的短语分隔开来,这一点也需注意。 Some parents tried to pull him off the school’s ruins, saying, “It’s too late! They are all dead! There is nothing you can do!” ________each parent he responded with the same line: “Are you going to help me now?” And then he continued to dig for his son, stone by stone. 答案:To。解释:此处考查短语 respond to 的固定搭配。由于宾语 each parent 放在了句首, 短语被拆开,所以难度加大了许多。 二、提供单词原形的空格 1、括号内提供的是动词 当括号内提供的是动词时,主要要判断是谓语还是非谓语。 (1)当考查的是谓语时,首先要判断其时态和语态。如: Since Hong Kong ________(rejoin) China in 1997, more student from the Chinese mainland have chosen to study there. 答案:rejoined。解释:此处考查作谓语的动词形式。根据主句的时态 have chosen 及从句 的时间状语 in 1997,此空动词应该是一般过去时态。 (2)如果考查非谓语,要判断非谓语在句中的成分,根据不同成分使用适当的形式,其中 使用 ing 形式和 ed 形式居多, 有时也考查 to do, to be done, having done 等形式或名词, 如: Ten years ago, Jessica Cheung was only 13. _________(live) with her parents in Hong Kong, she knew little putonghua. 答案:Living。解释:此处考查作非谓语的动词形式。动词 live(生活)作原因状语,与逻辑 主语 she 是主动关系,所以使用现在分词 living。 2、括号内提供的是形容词或副词 如果括号内提供的是形容词,一般是判断考查副词,即要变成副词形式;如果括号内提供 的是副词,一般是判断考察形容词,即要变成形容词形式。如: “Thirty-five cents,” she said___________(rude). 答案:rudely。解释:此处考查副词作状语的用法。括号内提供的是形容词,要用来修饰动 词 said,所以要使用副词形式。 但有时也要根据语境判断是否要变成名词或否定含义。如: At last, her courage and _________(wise) impressed both the CEO and Princeton University. 答案:wisdom。解释:括号内提供的是形容词,但此空与前面的名词 courage 是并列成分, 一起充当主语,所以要使用名词形式 wisdom。 3、括号内提供的是名词 当括号内提供的是名词时,一般判断考查形容词,如: There, my voice sounds really__________(wonder) because there’s a slight echo to it.

答案:wonderful。解释:括号内提供的是名词,但此空作系动词 sounds 的表语,所以要使 用形容词形式。 但有时也可能考查副词、动词等。如: A certain man planted a rose and watered it________( faith) and before it blossomed, he examined it. 答案:faithfully。解释:括号内提供的是名词,但此空是作状语,修饰动词 water,所以要 变成副词。注意:先将名词 faith 变成形容词 faithful,然后再变成副词 faithfully。 【实例分析】 实例 1:2007 年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试(广东卷) I was on my way to the Taiyetos Mountains. The sun was setting when my car 1 (break) down near a remote and poor village. Cursing my misfortune, I was wondering where I was going to spend the night when I realized that the villagers who had gathered around me were arguing as to 2 should have the honor of receiving me 3 a guest in their house. Finally, I accepted the offer of an old woman who lived alone in a little house. While she was getting me 4 (settle) into a tiny but clean room, the head of the village was tying up his horse to my car to pull it to 5 small town some 20 kilometres away 6 there was a garage. I had noticed three hens running free in my hostess's courtyard and that night one of them ended up in a dish on my table. 7 villagers brought me goat's cheese and honey. We drank together and talked 8 (merry) till far into the night. When the time came for me to say goodbye to my friends in the village, I wanted to reward the old woman 9 the trouble I had caused 10 . 短文解读:本文是一篇记叙文,讲述了作者在外旅行的一次经历。大意是:在一个穷乡僻 壤的小山村附近,作者的车坏了。幸运的是,他受到了村民的热情款待,并在一老太太家 里度过了一个愉快的晚上。 【答案与解析】 1、答案:broke。解析:此处考查一般过去式及动词不规则变化的用法。句子属于典型句 型 be doing …when…结构,在 when 引导的句子中谓语要使用一般过去时,空格处单词是 谓语功能,所以使用 break 的过去式 broken。 2、答案:who。解析:此处考查宾语从句的引导词 who 的用法。空格前是介词短语 as to (至于、关于),空格后是谓语及宾语,根据句子结构,空格处明显是主语,而且指人, 所以使用 who,其引导的从句作介词短语 as to 的宾语。 3、 答案: 解析: as。 此处考查短语的固定搭配用法。 Receive sb as…意为 “把某人当作、 、 、 、、、 来接待”,句意为“当我在怨天尤人、想着该到哪过夜时,我意识到聚集在我周围的村民 正在争论谁有幸在家里接待我这个贵宾”。 4、答案:settled。解析:此处考查过去分词作宾补的用法。根据句子结构,句子的主语是 she ,谓语是 was getting,宾语是 me,空格处单词是补语作用,逻辑主语 me 与 settle 是 被动关系,即“被安置下来”,所以要使用过去分词。 5、答案:a。解析:此处考查不定冠词的用法。从语境看,此处表示泛指,意为“一个小 镇”。 6、答案:where。解析:此处考查定语从句的引导词 where 的用法。从句子结构看,先行 词是 a small town (some 20 kilometers away 作定语),空格处为定语从句的引导词,在从句 中作地点状语,所以使用关系副词 where。意为“那里(小镇上)有个修车厂”。 7、答案:other。解析:此处考查不定代词的用法。根据语境,是“其他”村民给我送来

goat's cheese and honey,所以使用 other。 8、答案:merrily。解析:此处考查副词作状语的用法及副词的构词规则。根据句子结构, 空格处单词修饰谓语动词 talked,括号内提供的词是形容词,因此要变成副词形式。意为 “高兴地谈到深夜”。 9、 答案: for。 解析: 此处考查介词 for 表示原因的用法。 reward sb. for sth 意为 “因、 、 、 、、、 而酬谢/报答某人”。 10、答案:her。解析:此处考查代词作宾语的用法。根据句子结构,空格处单词在定语从 句中是作 caused 的宾语,词义是“她”,即老太太,所以使用宾格。句意为“我想报答老 太太,因为我给她带来了那么多麻烦”。 各类引导词的区别 ★1、what 与 that 的区别 what 在从句中做主语、表语或宾语,that 在从句中不做成份,只起连接作用(一般在从句 中不缺少主语、表语或宾语时用),如: ① What we need is time. 我们所需要的是时间。(主语从句,what 做宾语,不可以省略) ② What is needed is time. 所需要的是时间。(主语从句,what 做主语,不可以省略) ③ That he failed in the test again really puzzled us. 他又一次没通过考试让我们迷惑不解。(主语从句,that 不做成份,不可以省略) ④ I don’t know that he was seriously ill. 我不知道他病得很严重。(宾语从句,that 不做成份,可以省略) 注意对比以下句子: What he said is wrong. 他说的是错的。 That he said so is wrong. 他这么说是错的。 两个句子都是主语从句,第一个句子中 what 作 said 的宾语;第二个句子中 so 作 said 的宾 语,that 不做成份,不可以省略)。 另外,有时句子不缺成份时要用连接副词,使句子意思更加完整,如: The problem is how/where/when /whether we can get more money. ★2、whether 与 if 的区别 (1)、在表语从句和同位语从句中只能用 whether 不能用 if ;当主语从句放于句首时, 也只能用 whether 不能用 if, it 作形式主语, 当 主语从句放在句末时用 whether 和 if 均可; discuss 后接 whether 或 if 引导的宾语从句时,必须用 whether。如: Whether you can come will make a difference. 你能否来会不一样。 The question is whether he will be at present at the meeting. 问题是他能否出席会议。 I have no idea whether he will come to our help. 我不知道他是否会帮助我们。 (2)、介词的宾语从句用 whether 不用 if ,动词的宾语从句两者均可使用,如: It depends on whether you can afford the time.

这取决于你是否有时间。 I wonder if/ whether you would like to join us in the outing this weekend. 我想知道这个周末你能否加入我们的郊游。 (3)、Whether.. or not 与 whether to do 结构中均不用 if,如: Whether the singer can come or not is unknown yet. 那个歌手是否能来不知道。 3、 关于连接词的省略问题 在名词性从句中,连接代词和连接副词一般都不省略。只有在宾语从句中,当引导 词是 that 且充当动词的宾语时可以省略,如: She told us (that) she would go abroad for further study next year. 她告诉我们她明年要到国外留学。 但是当有两个以上的 that 引导的宾语从句时,第二个 that 不省略,如: He said (that)he felt tired and that he would rather retire . 他说他觉得很累,还说他宁愿退休。 4、who 与 whoever 等的区别 (1)、who, which 在名词性从句中含“疑问”表示不知是谁,不知哪一个,如: Who will be invited to the ceremony has not been decided. 邀请谁参加仪式还没定下来。 I am not sure which way I should take. 我不知道走哪条路。 (2)、whoever (谓语用单数) =anyone who (谓语用单数) = those who (谓语用复数 ) Give the dictionary to whoever needs it most. 把字典给最需要的人。(whoever 做主语,此处不能用 whomever) 5、从句要使用陈述句语序,如: Can you tell me where the nearest subway station is? 你能否告诉我最近的地铁站在哪里? Who can tell me how I can get the post office ? 谁能告诉我怎样才能到达邮局? Do you know when he will come back? 你知道他什么时候回来吗? ★6、当主句和从句的主语相同时,可以使用“连接词+to do ”结构,如: I wondered what to do next.= what I should do next. We are not sure when to set out. = when we will set out. 常用动词用法辨析 ★1.afford,cost, pay, spend, take, afford 表示“付得起”,可以指费用、时间等,常用于 afford sth 和 afford to do sth 结构中; 其他四个词都有“花费”之意,其中 cost 指“费用、代价”,常用 cost sb sth 结构;pay 常指“付多少钱”,常用 pay (sb )for sth 结构;spend 指“花时间或钱”,常用 sb + spend +时间/钱+on sth/ in doing sth 结构;take 常用 It takes/took sb + 时间+to do sth 结构。如: His careless driving cost him his life. (cost 的主语一般是物,且没有被动结构)。 Who will pay for the meal? Every day he spent twenty minutes ( in) talking to the boy. It took us a lot of time to finish the work.

另外,pay 还用于短语 pay off one’s debts(还清债务)。 2.beat, hit, strike 三个词都有“打、敲”之意,hit 强调“打着、击中”,常用于“打某人身体的某部分”; beat 强调有规律的敲打,如心跳、雨水敲打窗户、鸟拍打翅膀等;strike 强调“用力击打”, 还有“袭击”、“钟敲了几点”、“擦火柴”(strike a match)之意。如: A ball hit my back when I was walking on the sportsground. My hearts beat wildly. 我的心跳的厉害。 He struck the nail with a hammer. 他用锤子敲打钉子。 注意: ①“想到某个主意”可以用“hit upon an idea”或“an idea strike sb”(= occur to sb/ come to sb);②beat 有“赢、打败”的意思,与 defeat 相似,后接 sb(win 后面接比赛、第几 名等),如:We beat Class Five again . (我们又赢了五班)。 ③strike 还有“袭击”、“钟敲了几点”、“擦火柴”(strike a match)之意。 ★3.take part in, join in, join, attend 都有“参加”之意。take part in 与 join in 指参与某项活动,join 指“加入”某个团体、组 织,attend 强调“出席”,常用于以下名词前:attend the meeting/concert ,attend classes/ school/a lecture 等。如: It is useful to take an active part in after-school activities. Please join us and play together. Last Saturday all of us attended his wedding. ★4. talk, speak, say, tell 都有“说”的意思。talk 与 speak 表示“交谈、说话”时常为不及物动词,要与介词连用, 如:talk/speak with/to sb of/about sth;表示“讲什么语言”要用 speak ;say 强调说话的 内容;tell 着重“讲述、告诉”,常用短语有 tell sb sth, tell a lie(说谎),tell the difference between A and B(说出/分清 A 和 B 的区别),tell A from B(区别 A 和 B)。 2、It 充当形式主语或形式宾语 ★(1)充当形式主语,替代不定式、动名词、从句等,如: It is important for us to set goals. It is a great pity that he can’t attend the concert with us. 注意: ①当句子的表语是 a waste of time, no use, no good 等时,真正的主语常使用动名词,其句 式为“It is a waste time/ no use/ no good +doing sth”,如: There goes the saying, “ It’s no use crying over spilt milk”. 俗话说,“覆水难收”。 It is a waste of time waiting here for him. ②常使用形式主语 It 代替主语从句的句式有: It is estimated that… 据估计 It is said that… 据说 It is well-known that…众所周知 It is reported that…据报道 It seems/ed that… 好像 It so happened that… 碰巧 (2)充当形式宾语,替代不定式、动名词、从句等,如: Someone feel it comfortable to wear school uniforms.

He considered it no good giving money to the beggars. Many of us take it for granted that our parents give us everything we need. ★3、“介词+关系代词”的用法 在定语从句中,当关系代词作动词短语或介词的宾语时,为了使关系代词与先行词的关 系更加紧凑,可以将定语从句中的介词或动词短语中的介词提前放在关系代词前面,如: Do you know the man with whom Mr Black talked just now? He is the man of whom we are proud. 在使用“介词+关系代词”结构时要注意以下几个问题: (1) 介词的确定 介词的确定应依据定语从句中动词短语的习惯性搭配或介词与先行词的搭配,如: Who is the girl with whom you just shook hands?(shake hands with…是习惯性搭配) He built a telescope through which he could study the skies.他做了架望远镜,通过这部望远 镜他可以观察天体(through which 即 through the telescope)。 注意:有些固定短语中的介词不能拆开移到关系代词前。如: This is the watch which you’re looking for。 He is a kind of man whom you can safely depend on. 他是个你可以完全依赖的人。 (2)介词放在关系代词之前时,只用 which, whom 不用 that, who。当关系代词指代人时, 用 whom,关系代词指代物时,用 which,如: Is this the pen with which you wrote the letter? He wrote about 20 novels, of which this is the most successful. This is the man from whom I learnt the news. (3)、当表示时间、地点或原因的先行词放在从句中做状语时,也可以使用“介词+关系 代词”的结构,一般情况下 where=in which, why=for which, when = on/in which,如: We can’t find the house where/in which we used to live. Do you still remember the day when/on which we went to the beach? 注意:介词的选择由先行词与介词的搭配来确定,当先行词表示时间时,介词还可以使用 in(在那年、月等),during(在、、、、、、期间),by(到、、、、、、为止)等,地 点是 station, bus stop 等时也可以使用 at 。 (4)、当先行词是物时,作定语的引导词 whose +n = the +n.+ of which 或 of which + the+ n.,如: He lives in the room of which the window faces south. (5) from where 的用法 from where 实际上属于“介词+副词”结构,但也可以引导定语从句,表示“从那里”, 如: He stood behind the curtain, from where he could see what was happening outside.他站在窗 帘后面,从那里他可以看到外面正在发生的事。 4、现在分词与过去分词做表语的区别 多数情况下,如果主语是人,表语使用过去分词,即“人+ be\look 等 +动词 ed 形式”; 如 果主语是事或物,表语使用现在分词,即“物+ be\look 等+动词 ing 形式”。如: All of us were so disappointed at his absence. Though the trip was tiring, we felt very happy. 事实上,当表示主语处于某种状态中,即“感到/觉得、、、、、、”,表语要使用过去分

词时, 所以有时主语是物时也要使用过去分词; 而要表示主语 “具有令人/使别人感到、 、 、 、、、 的特征/性质”,表语使用现在分词,包括有时主语是物时也要使用现在分词。如: He is terrifying 他很吓人。(指他的长相或举动令人害怕)。 He is terrified. 他很害怕。 Please describe a dog that is frightened. 请描述一只惊恐的狗(狗受到了惊吓)。 Please describe a dog that is frightening. 请描述一只令人害怕的狗。 类 似 常 用 的 过 去 分 词 有 : interested, excited, surprised, puzzled, amused, confused, embarrassed, satisfied; 类似常用的现在分词有:interesting, exciting, surprising, puzzling, amusing, confusing, embarrassing, satisfying。 5、不能用被动语态的情况: 1、所有的不及物动词和某些短语不能用被动语态,常见的有如下几个: 表示 “发生” 的词/短语 happen ,take place, break out ,occur, catch fire, 还有 appear (出现) , disappear(消失),belong to(属于)等。 2、常见的表示状态特征的系动词:look,feel,smell,taste,sound,prove,appear,remain 等,如: The idea sounds interesting. Good medicine tastes bitter. 3、某些可以与 easily ,well 等副词连用的动词不用被动语态,如: The cloth washed easily. 这种布很好洗。 This kind of goods sells well. 这种商品很畅销。 This car drives easily. 这部车很容易开。 常见的有 read, sell, write, wash, clean, weigh, measure, wear 等。 6、特殊比较结构 (1)作否定比较时可用“less+ 形容词原形+ than”,如: This computer is less expensive than mine. 这部电脑没有我的贵。 John is less clever than Tony. 约翰没有托尼聪明。 ★(2)表示“越来越…………”使用“比较级+ and+ 比较级”(more and more)结构,如: It’s getting hotter and hotter. Our school is becoming more and more beautiful. ★(3)表示“越…………越、、、、、”使用 the more ……the more 结构,如: The busier he is, the happier he feels. The harder you work, the more you will get. (4)“no+ 比较级+than”的特殊含义:

You are no taller than I. 你和我一样矮。 He is no richer than us. 他跟我们一样穷。 (5)no more than 表示“不多于、仅仅”,no less than 表示“不亚于,和??一样”,如: She is no more than 16 years old. 她只有 16 岁。 He looked like a manager, but in fact he is no more than a bellboy. 他看起来象个经理,但事实上他只是个门童。 She is no less active than she was. 她跟以前一样不活跃。 (6) more…… than 表示“与其说??倒不如说??”,如: He’s more brave than wise. 与其说他机智,不如说他勇敢。 ★7、表示最高级的特殊结构 (1)no, nothing, can’t, never 等否定词+ 比较级,如: Nobody can sing better than her in our class. (= She sings best in our class) I have never seen a taller man. (=He is the tallest man I have ever seen.) (2) than any other, than anyone else, than any of the other+ …….等结构,如: He runs faster than anyone else in his school. She plays the guitar better than any of the others in her class. 但要注意比较的范围,如果主语属于“than”后面的范围中的一部分,就一定要使用 else 或 other,如: He is taller than any other boy in his class (对比:He is taller than any girls.) 8、常见并列连词的用法比较 ★(1)and, but , or and 表示并列,常用于肯定句中;but 表示转折;or 表示选择,常用于疑问句和否定句中, 注意 and 和 or 引导的表示条件概念的并列句,句型结构为“祈使句,+ and/or 引导的并 列句”,如:Keep still, and I’ll take a picture of you. 不要动!我给你照张像。 Set out right now, or you’ll be late again. 立刻出发,否则你又要迟到了。 ★(2) for, so, therefore for 意为“由于,因为”,但引导的句子只能放在另一分句的后面;so, therefore 意为“因 此,结果”,如: I think you must set off right now, for they are expecting you. 我认为你必须立刻出发,因为他们在等着你。(注意:for they are expecting you 不能放在 I think you must set off right now 前面) She was not feeling very well, so she stayed home all day. 她觉得有些不舒服,所以一整天她都呆在家里。 He often had words with his colleagues, therefore, he was disliked everywhere. 他经常跟同事吵架,所以到处都没人喜欢他。 ★(3)either…or , neither…nor, both …and

either…or“或者……或者” 表示选择; , neither…nor 既不……也不” 表示否定; “ , both …and “……和……都”,表示肯定,如: You can either join us or do it on your own. 你或者加入我们,或者自己独立做这件事。 Neither Joan nor her sister would go shopping with Mother 琼和她妹妹都不跟妈妈去购物。 Both the students and the teachers are very happy about the changes. 学生和老师都喜欢这些变化。 3、常用的从属连词 (1)常用的从属连词:unless, because, than, as long as, as if, as though, now that, whether, that, so that, in order that 等。 (2)功能:引导名词性从句、定语从句、状语从句 (详见各专题语法要点)


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