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人教版高一英语必修一 Unit 3 Travel journal Reading


人教课标版 高一 必修 1 Unit 3

Reading

Moon River

Moon river, wider than a mile;
I'm crossing you in style some day;

Oh, dream maker, you heart breaker;
Wherever you’re goin’, I’m goin’

your way;

Two drifters, off to see the world;

There’s such a lot of world to see;
We're after the same rainbow’s;

Waitin’, round the bend my huckleberry
friend; Moon river, and me…

Can you guess what the names of these rivers are?
Yangtze Yellow Nile

Pearl

Amazon

How do people living along a river make use of it?

to irrigate the fields. to go swimming in it in summer. to make electricity. to travel along it. …

If you plan to travel along a river
Which river will you choose?

How are you traveling?
What will you prepare? Who are you going with? When will you be back?

Reading

The countries the Mekong River flows through:

China, Myanmar, Laos, Thailand, Cambodia, Vietnam

The Mekong River
Myanmar

Laos
Vietnam

Thailand

Cambodia

Read the passage for the first time and complete the following information points.

Who

and

what

Wang Kun andher ___ sister ____ Wang Wei are dreaming about taking _____________________. a great bike trip

Where and How

They have the idea to cycle along ___ _____the Mekong River. From ______ where it begins ______to where _____ it _____. ends

Who gives in?

Wang Wei believes…
1. They must start ____ in __Qinghai ______ where the river begins in order to see all of the Mekong. prepare much. 2. They don’t need to _______

Wang Kun believes….
1. It is too cold ___ ____ ____ to start in and high Qinghai. using an 2. That _____ __ atlas ____ is very important.

What can they see during the journey?

It begins at a glacier ______ on a ______ Tibetan mountain _________.

Then, it ______ moves quickly. It becomes valley ______ rapids as it passes through deep _____.

Sometimes, the river enters wide ____ valley _____ and becomes waterfall ________.

After, It travels slowly through ____, hills __________, low valleys and ______. plains

At last, the river’s _____ delta enters the South China sea.

Comprehending
1. Where is the source of the Mekong
River and which sea does it enter? 2. What can you see when you travel along the Mekong River? 3. Is it a difficult journey along the Mekong River?

1. Where is the source of the Mekong River and which sea does it enter? The source of the river is in Qinghai Province and it enters the South China Sea. 2. What can you see when you travel along the Mekong River? You can see glacier, rapids, hills, valleys, waterfalls and plains.

3. Is it a difficult journey along the

Mekong River?
Yes. The journey begins at an altitude

of more than 5,000 meters, where it is
hard to breathe and very cold.

Dream Plan Team Leader Team Members Preparati ons

Taking a great trip by ____ bike Cycling along the entire _______________ Mekong River __________ Wang Wei Wang Kun, ________ Dao Wei and Yu Hang ①Buying expensive mountain bikes ②Finding a large atlas ____ with good maps that shows details of world geography

Information about the River
①The Mekong River which is called the Lancang River in China begins in a ______ glacier on a Tibetan mountain and enters the South China Sea at last. ________________ ②At first the river is small and the water is ______ clear and cold. Then it begins to move ______. After it leaves China and high quickly altitude, it becomes wide, brown and warm. As it enters Southeast Asia, its pace slows. ③Sometimes it becomes rapids ______, sometimes it becomes a waterfall.

Read the text again and fill in the blanks. My name is Wang Wei. My brother Wang Kun and I have _________________ dreamed of / about taking a great bike trip. When we _________ graduated from college, we decided to ride bicycles to travel along the Mekong River. Although I didn’t know the best way of getting to places, I ______ ________. When insistedI organize the trip properly I knew that the journey would begin at an altitude of more than 5,000 meters, I seemed to be excited ______ about it.

When I was told the air there would be cold and hard to breathe ______, I thought it would be an interesting _________. experience Once I have made _______________, up my mind nothing can change it. So Wang Kun had to ______. give in Because I wouldn’t change my mind, someone says I am a little _________, stubborn but I think I am just a person with great determination. What do you think of Wang Wei? What can you learn from her?

Retell the text according to Form 1
Wang Kun and his sister … since middle school. After graduation from college, they finally got the chance to… His sister thought of the idea to… the Mekong River. They both bought… They also… Wang Wei stuck to the idea that they … When she

heard that the source of the Mekong
River is in Qinghai Province, she

wouldn’t… She even … when she knew
that their journey would… of more than

5,000 meters… they found …in the
library. From the atlas they knew clearly

about…

The main idea of the text
The passage tells us that no success in life merely happens by describing my sister’s and my dream-taking a bike trip and preparations for the trip. The author also mainly describes sister’s ―stubborn character‖, ―always taking her way for a proper way‖ and her being determined.

Discussion
If you and your friends want to go for a travel, what will you prepare, and why? Different travelers may have different purposes to travel, what about you when you plan to travel? Do you know Xu Xiake? Do you think his way of traveling is meaningful? Why?

Language points
1. Ever since middle school, my sister Wang Wei and I have dreamed about taking a great bike trip.

从中学起, 我姐姐王薇和我梦想作一
次了不起的自行车旅行。

1). dream n. v. dreamed/dreamt dreamed/dreamt

of/about sth. (vi.)
dream a…dream (vt.)

that…

(vt.)

sb. to be … (vt.)

1) 他梦想着有一天为自己工作, 没有老板。 He dreams of working for himself and not having a boss one day.= He dreams that one day he will work for himself and not have a boss. 2) 我做梦也没想到他是个撒谎的人。 I never dreamed him to be a liar.

dream about = dream of becoming a spaceman.

梦见, 梦想

My younger brother dreams of

He always dreams about traveling
around the world.

2. Finally/at last/in the end
1) They talked about it for hours.

Finally, they decided not to go.
2) The children arrived home at last/in

the end after the storm.
3) My dream will come true in the end.

finally 一般指一系列事物或论点的顺序 的最后项内容, 或用在动词前, 表示“等了 好久……才”, 没有感情色彩。at last只能 指时间位置, 不能指时间顺序, 在意思上是 指经过周折、等待、耽搁到”最后、终 于”(出现所期待的结果), 常常带有较浓 厚的感情色彩。 in the end可与at last和 finally通用,但若出现了非期待中的结果, 用in the end, 还可以用于预卜未来。

练习 1) The war lasted four years before the in the end/ at last North won _______________. 2) Your idea will turn out right _________. in the end 3) ______, Finally I want to thank you for helping me.

3. It was my sister who first had the idea to cycle along the entire Mekong River from where it begins to where it ends.是我姐姐首先想到骑自行车 沿湄公河从它的源头行走到入海口。 这是一个强调句。强调句的结构是: It was/is+强调成分+that-/who-分句

如果强调的部分是人,可用who,也可用 that, 强调其他成分与内容都用that。 注意 强调时间和地点不能用when或where, 只用that。 e.g. It was in Shanghai that I saw the film. (强调地点状语) 我看这部电影是在上海。

All the members held a meeting in the

club yesterday. 根据上下文和语义意图, 说话人可以通
过强调句分别强调主语, 宾语, 状语, 使

之成为信息中心。

all the members that/who held a meeting in the club yesterday. It was (强调主语, was不能换用were)

a meeting that all the members
held in the club yesterday.

(强调宾语a meeting)

in the club that all the members held

a meeting yesterday. It was yesterday that all the members held a meeting in the club. (强调时间状语that不可换用 where)
(强调地点状语, that不可换用 where)

练一练 把这个句子的不同成分改成强调句。 John gave Mary a handbag at Christmas. 高考链接 Was it ___ that I saw last night at the concert? A. you B. not you C. that yourself

It was because of bad weather ___ the football match had to be put off. A. so C. why B. so that D. that

— Who is making so much noise in the
garden?

— ______ the children.
A. It is B. They are

C. That is

D. There are

4. Then she persuade me to buy one.
然后她动员我也买了一辆.

persuade vt.说服; 劝服; vi.被说服
sb. sb. of sth. 使某人相信某事 sb. that clause sb. (not) to do sth. sb. into / out of doing sth.

persuade

Bear them in your mind!

Compare!
persuade sb. to do sth.
= persuade sb into doing sth.

persuade sb. not to do sth.
= persuade sb out of doing sth.

e.g. I persuaded him to do it.
= persuade him into doing it.

我已说服他做这件事。

高考链接
While shopping, people sometimes can’t help ____ into buying something they don’t really need. A. to persuade B. persuading C. being persuade D. be persuaded

[考例] There is nothing more I can try ______ you to stay, so I wish you good luck. (上海 2007) A. being persuaded B. persuading C. to be persuaded D. to persuade [点拨] 不定式作目的状语。try to persuade ... 尽力去说服……; I can try 是定语从句,省略了关系代词that,作 nothing more的定语,表示“再没有什 么可试的”,故选D项。

注意
如果“劝说”不服, 不能直接用

persuade, 而应用try to persuade或
advise, 或者用persuade的否定式。 e.g. Some of us advised him to change his mind but no one could persuade him to do so.

实例 1. I __ him not to smoke, but he didn’t think it necessary. A. persuaded B. advised C. hoped D. suggested 2. I was able at last to ____ my mother to follow my advice. A. suggest B. advise C. persuade D. leave off

5. Wang Wei soon got them interested in
cycling too.

get +宾语+宾语补足语(-ing/done/ to
do /adj./adv.)

1) I should get the window repaired _______
(repair) before it gets cold.

2) The teacher’s words soon got us
_______ (think). thinking

3) She got her son _______ to sleep (sleep) on
the floor last night.

4) Don’t make your hands so _____ dirty
(脏).

5) 我想把这些椅子弄到楼上去。
I want to get these chairs upstairs ________.

6. stubborn 1) He is too stubborn to apologize.
倔强的,固执的 2) You’ll have to push hard, that door is a bit stubborn. 难以移动的 3) The old man has got a stubborn cough that has lasted for weeks. 难以治愈的 (as) stubborn as a mule

7. Although she didn’t know the best way of getting get to places, she insisted that she organize the trip properly. 尽管她不知道旅行的最佳方式, 但是她 还是坚决主张她来合理安排这次旅行。

1) although, though引导让步状语从句 不能再和but, and, however连用, 但可 以和副词yet, still连用。 although从句多放在句首, though从句 可在主句前,中,后任何位置,而且 though可以作副词用于句末,作 “但 是,不过”讲,而although无此用法。

[考例] ______ he has limited technical knowledge, the old worker has a lot of experience. (2006全国卷 I) A. Since B. Unless C. As D. Although [点拨] 根据句中的limited knowledge和a lot of experience构成对比,可知这是一 个让步状语从句,故用although引导。 since既然; unless除非……; as 因为。

2) insist: declare firmly 坚持认为,坚持主张 ※insist on/upon one’s doing sth 坚持做, 坚决做 e.g. I insisted on/upon his coming with us. ※insist that +从句坚持说(后表示一个事 实), 后接的从句用陈述语气, 既按需要 选择时态。

e.g. He insisted that he hadn’t stolen the girl’s handbag. ※insist that sb. (should) do sth. 坚决 主张做某事, 后接的宾语从句常用虚 拟语气, 既 “should +v.‖

e.g. Mary was ill. Her parents insisted
that she (should) see a doctor.

高考链接 I insisted that a doctor __ immediately.

A. has been sent for
C. will be sent for

B. sent for
D. be sent for

8. My sister doesn’t care about details. 我姐姐是不会考虑细节的。 care about: be worried about 忧虑, 关心 e.g. He doesn’t care much about what happens to me.

care for sb/sth: look after, love or like 希望, 喜欢, 照顾 1) Would you care for a drink? 2) He cares for her deeply. 3) Who will care for your child if you are out?

Would you care for another piece of cake? =Would you like …? Would you care to come for a walk

with me?
=Would you like to …?

9. She gave me a determined look –the kind that she wouldn’t change her mind. 她坚定地看了我一眼----这眼神表明她 不会改变主意。 determine v. 决定, 下定决心, 确定 1) determine to do sth. e.g. He determined to learn French.

2) determine +从句 e.g. She determined that she would never see him again. 3) determine +疑问词+ to do e.g. Have you determined where to spend the holiday next week?

determined adj. 坚决的, 有决心的

be determined to do sth. 决心做 e.g. She was determined to go to university. change one’s mind 改变某人的主意 e.g. No matter what you say, I won’t change my mind.

make up one’s mind 下定决心
read one’s mind 看出某人的心思 speak one’s mind 直言不讳 give/ put one’s mind 专心于 keep…in mind 记住 Bear them in your mind!

10. keep doing sth. ―反复不断地做某事”

1) The boy keeps asking questions all the
time. 2) In those years, Marx kept on studying English and using it. 可能含有间断的意思, 但是更强调”反

复”和”决心”, 而且常常附加感情色
彩。

3) They kept _________ watering (water) the field

until they got a good harvest.
4) You kept _________ on making (make) the same

mistakes.
5) He kept me waiting outside for 2 hours. keep sb./sth. doing 让某人持续做某事

11. When I told her that our journey would begin at an altitude of more than 5000 meters, she seemed to be excited about it. 当我告诉她我们将在 海拔5000米处开始旅程, 她好像对此 很兴奋。 at an altitude of = at a height of 在海拔……米处

e.g. The plane is flying at a height /

altitude of 10,000 feet.
注意

at 在此处表 “在……处/时,
以……‖后接年龄, 速度, 长

宽深高, 价格, 费用等

at the age of
at a high / low price

at a depth/width of
at the cost of

at a distance of

12. When I told her the air would be hard to breath and it would be very cold… 当我告诉她将呼吸困难, 天气严寒……

主语 + be + adj.+ to do sth. 是一常用句 式既不定式用主动形式表达被动含义 e.g. The problem is really hard to work out. My boss is easy to deal with.

注意
不定式和主语之间是逻辑动宾关系, 使用及物动词的主动形式,因此不及 物动词要加相应的介词。 这一结构中的形容词往往是表示心理 活动的,接不定式时, 不定式的逻辑 主语是句子的主语, 主动用to do, 被动 用to be done;也可以接从句。

这类形容词有surprised, moved, disappointed, pleased, happy, sad, delighted, sorry, interested, glad, worried, etc.

13. Finally, I had to give in. 最后, 我只好让步。 give in (to sb./sth.) 屈服于, 让步, 递交 e.g. He had to give in to my views. It’s time you gave in your papers.

give up 放弃, 认输 give out 筋疲力尽;分配 give away 捐赠, 泄露

练一练
1) After the long trip, both the men and the horses ________. gave out 2) Because of his small salary, he had to _______ gave up his dream trip to Europe. 3) Seeing that he could not persuade me, he had to gave ________ in to my view.

4) He _________ gave away most of his fortune to the poor. 5) Please keep the secret, don’t ____ gave it _____. away

※ give in (sth. to sb.) 1) He would rather die than give in. 屈服
2) Wang Kun had to give in because

he knew his sister well.

让步

3) Please give your examination

papers in ( to the teacher) when
you’ve finished.
上交

---Smoking is bad for your health. A. give it up √

---Yes,I know. But I simply can’t ___.
B. give it out

C. give it in

D. give it away

14. It becomes rapids as it passes
through deep valleys, traveling

across western Yunnan Province.
穿过深谷流经云南省西部时它变成

急流。 across
through prep. 穿过

辨析:
across 常表示从一定范围的一边

到另一边或事物交叉位置, ―横穿,
横跨” 表面, 含义与on 有关 through 表达两边穿过或穿过空间 内部, 含义与in 有关 over表示 “越过” 是指越过较高

的物体从一侧到另一侧

e.g. She swam across the river. The river flows through the city from west to east. Walk across the square and go through the gate, then you’ll come to the cafe. The thief climbed over the wall and ran away.

实例 The new railway winds its way to Hong Kong, ___ mountains ___ tunnels and ___ rivers. A.across; over; through B. over; across; through

C. over; through; across
D. through; over; across

I. 根据下列各句句意及所给单词的首字 母或汉语提示,写出该单词的正确形式。 1. He is planning his work _______ (进度 schedule 表) for the following week. 2. They took many pictures of the _________ (瀑布) yesterday. waterfall 3. What is the ______ (海拔) of this altitude mountain? 4. I think you don’t know your own s___________. In fact, no one is perfect. shortcomings

5. He is so s________ stubborn that nobody can change his mind. 6. Do you know where the s______ source of the Changjiang River is?

II. 根据括号内所给的提示翻译下列句子。 1.最后我们来到了山顶。(finally) Finally we arrived at the top of the mountain. 2. 我不能骑车去上学,因为我的自行车坏 了。(cycle) I am unable to / can’t cycle to school because my bike is broken.

3. 汤姆坚持认为自己是对的。(insist) Tom insisted that he was right. 4. 你一旦开始,就必须坚持做下去。(once)
Once you begin, you must keep doing it.

5. 她虽然小,但是知道怎么做。(although) Although she is young, she knows how to do it. 6. 我们决定立刻去火车站。(determine to do) We determined to go to the railway station at once.

III. 用适当的介词填空。 1. We were great friends when we were ______ at college. 2. I had planned ____ for 20 guests, but only 10 arrived. 3. There are many ways ____ of solving the problem. At high altitudes of Tibet, it is difficult 4. ______ to breathe. 5. She graduated ______ from Cambridge with a degree in law.

IV. 选用方框内的词或短语,并用其适 当形式填空。
ever since; be fond of; persuade; care about; give in; organize; change one’s mind; journey; make up one’s mind; attitude

change your mind about the job, 1. If you _________________ just give me a call. 2. When I was young, I ________________ made up my mind to be a doctor. 3. A selfish person does not _________ care about other people’s problem. 4. My back has been bad ________ ever sinceI fell and hurt it two years ago. 5. We do not fully understand how the brain is _________. organized

6. Father kept inviting Lucy to stay for lunch, and finally she ______. gave in 7. I finally managed to ________ persuade her to go out for a walk with me. 8. My grandfather _________ is fond of giving advice to all my friends. 9. I don’t understand your attitude ______ to your new job. 10. We are going on a(n) journey ______ to a strange place.

Homework
Try to retell the reading in the third person. Prepare for Learning about language.


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