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疑问句


中考英语专项复习导学案-----疑问句
班级 姓名 主备人 林晓亭 审核人 一、一般疑问句 一般疑问句指通常能用 yes 或 no 来回答的句子 【中考试题】1.Mary does her homework at home on Sundays.(改为一般疑问句) Mary her homework at home on Sundays? (黑龙江卷) 2.She went to see her uncle last week.(改为一般疑问句) go to see her uncle last week? (重庆卷) 3.This dress cost her 98 yuan.(改为一般疑问句) this dress her 98 yuan? 4.这座桥是去年建成的吗? last year? (常州卷) 二、特殊疑问句 特殊疑问句指通常由疑问代词或疑问副词引导的句子,不能用 yes 或 no 来回答。 【中考试题】1.His telephone number is9288288.(对划线部分提问) ? (连云港卷) 2.John went to see his grandmother once a week.(对划线部分提问) Jack to see his grandmother? 解析:就频度副词(词组)“每隔?? 时间”提问时,通常用“how often”. “多长时间” 提问,用“how long”,多用于完成时 “多久”提问,用“how soon”,多用于文“in +一段时间” “距离多远”提问,用“how far” “年龄多大 ”提问,用“how old” “多少”提问,用“how many +可数名词复数”/ “how much +不可数名词” “多少钱提问”,用“how much” 3.I collect toys because they are beautiful.(对划线部分提问) you collect toys? 解析:就原因状语从句提问时,通常用 why。 请问到最近的超市怎么走?(广东卷) 4.Excuse me, the nearest supermarket? (武汉卷) 解析:此题是考查问路的表达方式。因此答案是:which is the way to/can you tell me how to get to/could you tell me how I can get to. 三、反意疑问句 通常遵循“前肯后否”和“前否后肯”的原则。 1. 当主语是指示代词 this 或 that 时,反意疑问句的主语用 it,当陈述部分的主语是指 示代词 these 或 those 时,其反意疑问句的主语用 they.如: This is your bike, ?这是你的自行车,不是吗? Those are apples, ? 那些是苹果,不对吗? 2.陈述部分是 there be 句型时,反意疑问句中要用 be(not) there .如: There is a park near here, ?这儿有个花园,不是吗? 3. 陈述部分有 have to 时,其反意疑问句要用助动词的否定形式。如: You have to clean the classroom every day, ?你们每天要打扫教室,不是吗? 4. 陈述部分含 I think (believe,suppose?)that?结构时,其反意疑问句须与从句的 主谓语保持一致,注意主句的主语必须是第一人称。如:

I don’t think she is wrong, ? 我认为她没有错,是吗? 5. 陈述部分主语是动名词、从句、不定式短语形式时,反意疑问句的主语应该用 it. 如: Reading in the sun is bad for your eyes, ?在阳光下看书对眼睛有害, 不是 吗? 6. 陈述部分含有 few,little,hardly,never,not,no,no one,nobody,nothing,none 等这些表示否定意义的词时,其反意疑问句需用肯定结构。如: He is never late for work, ? 他上班从不迟到,是吗? 7. 陈述部分的主语是 everything,nothing,anything 或 something 时,反意疑问句的主 语应用代词 it.如: Something is wrong with your watch, ?你的手表出毛病了,不是吗? 8. 当主语是 everybody,everyone,anybody,anyone,somebody,someone,nobody, no one,none,neither 时,反意疑问句的主语要用复数代词 they.如: Everyone knows about it, ? 大家都知道这件事,不是吗? 9.祈使句有两种情况: (1)Let’s 后的反意疑问句用 shall we.如:Let’s go home, ?回家吧,好吗? (2)Let us/me?以及其他所有以动词开头的祈使句的反意疑问句用 will you 如: Let me have a look, ? Don’t smoke here, ? ( )1.—_____?—Delicious. I enjoyed it very much. A.What’s your favourite food B.How do you like the food C.Do you like the food D.Would you like some more food ( )2. —I can’t surf the Internet.____? —Ok. A.Can I help you B.Do you mind helping me C.What shall I do D.Can you give me a hand ( )3.—____?—It’s eight. A.What day is itB.What’s five and threeC.How old are youD.What’s your name? ( )4.—How often are the Olympic Games held? —____four years. A.Every B.Each C.In D.Four ( )5.— ___have you lived in China? —I have lived here for a whole year. When I ___with my family to this country,it seemed to me that everything was new. A.How often;traveled B.How long;traveled C.How long;moved D.How often;moved ( )6.—___is your favourite sportsman? — Liu Xiang. A.How B.When C.Who D.Which ( )7.—____is your grandpa,Emma? —He’s watering flowers in the garden. A.When B.What C.Where D.How ( )8.—How soon shall we start the bicycle trip? —____. A. After three days B.after three days’ time C.In three day’s time D.In three days ( )9.What about Sally? She’s done her best these days,____? A.hasn’t she B.isn’t Sally C.hasn’t Sally D.isn’t she ( )10.He’s never been to the United States, ____? A.isn’t he B.doesn’t he C.hasn’t he D.has he ( )11.I don’t think she wil agree with me, ____? A.won’t she B.will she C.does she D.isn’t she

中考英语专项复习导学案-----感叹句、祈使句
班级 姓名 主备人 林晓亭 审核人 感叹句的用法 一.感叹句是表示赞美、惊叹、喜 悦、等感情的句子,通常以 what, how 引导。 what 修饰名词,how 修饰形容词,副词或动词。 二.感叹句结构主要有以下几种: 1.感叹句可由“what+名词+主语+谓语……!”构成。 what 引导的感叹句还可分为以下三类: (1)What +a(an)+形容词+可数名词单数(+主语+谓语)!例如: What a fine day it is today!今天天气真好! (2)What+形容词+复数可数名词(+主语+谓语)!例如: What good students they are!他们真是好学生! (3)What+形容词+不可数名词(+主语+谓语)!例如: What noise they are making! 他们多吵啊! What cold weather it is!今天天气多冷啊! 2.还有一类感叹句是由 how 引导,常有以下几类: (1)How+形容词+(主语+系动词)……!例如: How cold it is today!今天真冷啊! (2)How+副词+(主语+实义动词)……!例如: How fast they are running !他们跑得真快! (3)How+形容词+a(an)+单数可数名词+(主语+系动词)+……!例如: How clever a boy he is! 他是一个多聪明的男孩啊! 祈使句的用法 大家好,我是“祈使句”,常常用来表达命令、请求或者建议的句子。我的主语 “you” 通常省略,并且谓语动词用原形。希望大家能够掌握我的具体用法。下面请看: 一、我的肯定句式结构 1. be 动词 + 其他成分 如:Be a good boy, Danny! 做个好孩子, 丹尼! Be quiet, please! 请安静! 2. Let + 人(或者人称代词的宾格)+ 动词原形 如:Let Jenny do this work. 让詹妮做这个工作。 Let me have a look. 让我看一看。 3. 其他动词类 如:Stand up, please! 请起立! Put your hand up, please! 请举手! 二、我的否定句式结构 我的否定句式结构通常是在肯定结构前加 don't。 如:Don't be late next time! 下次别迟到! Don't ask me when I'm busy! 别在我忙的时候问我! 三、我的特殊用法

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1.即“无动词祈使句”,常常用于一些表示禁止的标语牌上。 如:No parking! 禁止停车!No smoking! 禁止吸烟! No swimming! 禁止游泳!No photos! 禁止照相! ) 1._______lovely a girl she is! A. What B. How C. What a )2._______long hair she has! A. What a B. What C. How )3._____lovely the snow looks! A. What B. How C. What a )4.Look! ______beautiful that lake is! A. How B. What C. What a )5.____time we’re having today! A. What a good B. How good C. What good )6._____fast the boys are running! A. What B. What a C. How )7.________fine weather it is today! A. How B. What a C. What )8.______delicious soup! A. How B. What C. What a )9._____his father works! A. How careful B. How carefully C. What careful )10. _______ great fun they had ! A. What a B. What C. How )11.____call me Mimi. It’s my cat’s name. A.Not B.Didn’t C.Doesn’t D.Don’t )12.Don’t ___your hope no matter what happens. A.write down B.look for C.go over D.give up )13.___be late again. A.Please B.Do C.Don’t D.Not )14. ___late.It’s your first day to work. You see, well begun is half done. A.Don’t to be B.Don’t be C.Not be D.Be not )15.—Don’t forget to come to my birthday party tomorrow. —____. A.I don’t B.I won’t C.I can’t D.I haven’t )16. ____,young man!If you’re late for work again, you’ll lose your job. A.Watch your step B.Take it easy C.Use your head D.Have a look )17. ”____watch Tv too much. It’s bad for your eyes.”Mum often says to me. A.Don’t B.Doesn’t C.Won’t D.Not )18. —Help! There is a big snake near the house. —___afaid. It will go away later. A.Don’t B.Not C.Don’t be D.Be )19. ___wishes for Teachers’ Day! A.Tall B.Fast C.Best D.Short )20.The radio is too loud. Please_____. A.turn it down B.turn down it C.turn it up D.turn up it )21. The teacher said, “___in class!” A.Not talk B.Don’t talking C.Don’t talk D.Not to talk )22.Ben, ____climb the tree. It is very dangerous. A.doesn’t B.not C.don’t D.isn’t )23.____more care, ___you’ll have an accident. A.Taking;or B.To take;and C.Take;or D.Take;and

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祈使句、感叹句、疑问句练习 )1.—Your Chinese is so good! —But your English is better. So you can teach me English and I can teach you Chinese. —____. A.What a pity! B.That’s a deal C.The same to you D.I’m sorry to hear that )2.—I have lost a chance to win the matchl. —____. A.Well done! B.Good luck !C.What a pity! D.Congratulations! )3. ____exciting game it is! A.What B.What an C.How D.How much )4.—Your dress is just wonderful! —___. A.I’d like to hear that B.You are right, thank you! C.Thank you, and you? D.No, no, yours is better )5.—I’ve got a piece of good news. Our football team won the game. —Really?___. A.Well done! B.With pleasure.C.That’s all right D.What a pity! )6.—I’m taking my computer test tomorrow. —____. A.Come on B.Congratulations C.Well done D.Good luck )7. ___it is today!We’d better stay at home. A.What a bad weather B.What bad weather C.How a bad weather D.How bad weather )8.—____lovely day! Let’s go for a picnic, shall we? —Good idea! A.What B.How C.What a D.How a )9. —___you have bought me! —I got it at the market. A.What a big fish B.How a big fish C.What big fish D.How big fish )10. —____day it is! —Let’s go ou t and enjoy the sunshine! A.What a lovely B.How windy C.What a rainy D.How wet )11. Nothing is difficult in the world if you put your heart into it, ___? A.aren’t they B.are they C.isn’t it D.is it )12. —I don’t think Lucy will come today, ___she? —____,she won’t. She is ill and stays at home. A.won’t;No B.will;No C.won’t;Yes D.will;Yes )13. —Let’s go and play football,___? —That’s wonderfull. A.will you B.do you C.won’t we D.shall we )14. There will be a volleyball match in our school,____? A.be there B.is there C.will there D.won’t there )15. Don’t forget to correct the mistakes you made in your homework,____? A.will you B.don’t you C.do you D.won’t you )16. Let us give you a hand, ___? A.will you B.do you C.shall we D.won’t you

( )17. —He isn’t a teacher, is he? —_____.He works in a hospital. A.Yes, he is B.No, he isn’t C.Yes, he isn’t D.No, he is ( )18. —_____will the foreign students be back from Qufu? —In tow days, I think. A.How soon B.How often C.How far D.How fast ( )19. —____is it from here to the nearest post office? —It’s 20 minutes on foot. A.How long B.How soon C.How often D.How far ( )20. “The book is a bit hard. read something easier?” “All right.” (甘肃卷) A.Why not to B.Why do not C.Why not D.Whv not you ( )21. “Could you please tell me ?” “It’S next to the post office.” (北京卷) A.where is the supermarket B.where the supermarket is C.where was the supermarket D.where the supermarket was ( )22.“Can you tell me he came to Haikou?”“Yes,he came here by air.” (西安卷) A.what B.why C.how D.when 二根据汉语提示,将句子所缺部分写完整,每空一词。 1. _______ _______is your teacher? I don’t know. (多高) 2. _______ _______ is the picture on the wall? It’s red. (什么颜色) 3. _______ _______ do you get up every day? At 6:30. (几点) 4. _______ _______ books do you have? Fifteen.(多少) 5. _______ _______are you in? I’m in Class 3, Grade 8. (几班) 6. _______ _______dose she take a shower? Twice a week. (多久一次) 7. _______ _______will you stay here? For seven days. (多长时间) 8. _______ _______is the T-shirt? It’s 50 yuan. (多少钱) 三 根据 A 句的意思,向 A 句的划线部分提问,完成 B 句。 1. A. She often goes to work by bike every day. B. _______ _______ she often _______ to work every day? 2. A. The blue T-shirt is Bill’s. B. _______ _______ the blue T-shirt? 3. A. My father will go to Kunming next week. B. _______ _______ your father goes to Kunming? 4. A. His brother is about five years old. B. _______ _______ is his brother? 5. A. They went to the park yesterday afternoon. B. _______ _______ they _______ yesterday afternoon? 6.Xiao Cheng didn't go to the farm with us because he was ill. (划线提问) _______ _____ Xiao Cheng go to the farm with us? 7.I paid fifty yuan for the sweater. ______ ______ did you pay for the sweater? 8.Jane and her brother will finish the work in two hours. (划线提问) _____ _____ _____ Jane and her brother finish the work?


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