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英语八下Unit1重点内容


英语八下 Unit1 重点内容 一:身体的部位:18 头脸眼睛耳朵鼻子嘴巴牙齿(单)牙齿(复)喉咙脖子 head face eye ear nose mouth tooth teeth throat neck

肩膀胳膊手胃背部腿脚(单)脚(复) shoulder arm hand stomach back leg 二:描述症状: 1.头疼:have a headache ache: n.名疼痛/have a toothache/ stomachache foot feet

2.感冒:have a cold cold 可以变复数发烧:have a fever 3.胃疼(肚子疼) :have a stomachahe 4.有心脏病:have a heart problem 5.嗓子疼:have a sore throat 6.流鼻血: have a nosebleed 7.呼吸困难: have problems breathing 8. 被晒伤: get sunburned 9. 做某事时伤到自己: hurt oneself doing sth. (hurt myself cutting vegetables) 弄伤了他的背: hurt his back 弄伤了胳膊/腿:hurt my arm/leg hurt 的过去式:hurt 在体育课上弄伤了他自己:hurt himself in P.E. class 附送:English has hurt me a thousand times, but I still regard it as my first love. 10. 切/割伤自己: cut oneself 割伤他的膝盖: cut his knee cut 过去式:cut 11. 感到不舒服/恶心: feel sick feel 过去式: felt hit: v.&n. 动、名 打,击打 过去式:hit sore: adj.形(身体)疼痛的 /背疼: have a sore back

12.头部受到撞击: gethit on the head

被一个球撞到了:get hit by a ball 13. 掉下来/摔下来:fall down fall 过去式:fell 三:建议 1. 躺下休息: lie down and rest 2. 看牙医:see a dentist lie: v.&n. 躺下,说谎 / go home and get some rest

看医生:see a doctor 去医院:go to the hospital

3. 喝加蜂蜜的热茶:drink hot tea with honey 4. 拍 X-光片:get an X-ray 带他去医院拍个 X-光片:take him to the hospital to get an X-ray(take 过去式 took) 5. 量体温:take one’s temperature temperature 可以变复数 take our temperatures 6. 上药:put some medicine on it 药品种类可以变复数这里“药物”不能变复数 7. 休息几天:rest for a few days→区别:few days:没几天(表示否定含义) 8. 缠上绷带(创可贴) :put a bandage on it 9. 在水下冲洗:run it under water 10. 洗你的脸:clean your face bandage: n.名绷带

run: vt. 使……流动 过去式:ran

wash your face

11. 按压鼻子两侧:press the sides of your nose press: vt. 按压 side: n. 侧面,旁边 12. 低头:put your head down down: prep. 介词(从高处)向下

13. 远离电脑休息一下:take breaks away from the computer break: v. 打破 n. 休息 休息:take a break; take breaks; have a rest; get some rest away: adv.离开,远离;在远处;消失;away from: 远离 far away from here 三:其他词组 1. 多亏了,由于:thanks to + 名词 2. 下(公交)车:get off 上车:get on

3. 立刻,马上: right away = right now = at once 4. 被医生救了:be saved by the doctors 例句:The old man was saved by the doctors. 5. 及时: in time 区别:按时: on time

6. 考虑自己:think about oneself 例句:She didn’t think about herself. 7. 只考虑救人一命:only think about saving a life 8. 离开……,从……出来:get out of…例:get out of the difficult situation 9. 让某人吃惊的是: to one’s surprise 没有复数 to our great surprise 10. 对……感兴趣 be interested in sth./doing sth. 11. 进退两难 between a rock and a hard place rock:岩石

12. 处于困境 be in a difficult situation 13. 控制 be in the control of 14. 做出明智决定的重要性 15. 不介意冒险 the importance of making good decisions

not mind taking risks 例句:He doesn’t mind taking risks.

16. 遇到严重的登山事故 have a serious mountain climbing accident 17. 三次几乎失去他的生命:almost lose his life three times 18. 喝光了水:run out of water 19. 登山:go mountain climbing 四:动词的固定用法 1. 需要做某事 2. 看见某人做某事 3. 要求某人做某事 4. 期待某人做某事 need to do see sb. doing sth. ask sb. sth. / to do sth. expect sb. to do sth. run 过去式 ran go + v.ing go swimming go shopping lose 过去式:lost

5. 同意某人做某事

agree sb. to do sth. 区别:agree with sb. 可变成:disagree

6. 告诉某人做某事,叫某人做某事 tell sb. to do sth. 7. 做某事有困难 8. 习惯于做某事 9. 用某物做某事 have problems (in) doing sth. be/get used to doing sth. use sth. to do sth.

10. 好像做某事 seem to do sth. 11. 继续做某事 12. 介意做某事 五:重点句子 1. 昨天上午 9 点,26 路公交车正行驶在中华路上,这时司机看到一位老人躺在路边。 At 9:00 a.m. yesterday, bus No.26 was going along Zhonghua Road when the driver saw an old man lying on the side of the road. 2. 公交司机没有多想便停下了车。 The bus driver stopped the bus without thinking twice. 3. 多亏了王先生和乘客们,医生及时挽救了老人的生命。 Thanks to Mr. Wang and the passengers, the doctors saved the man in time. Thanks to Mr. Wang and the passengers, the old man was saved by the doctors in time. 4. 有好多次,阿伦差点因为意外丢掉了性命。 There were many times when Aron almost lost his life because of accidents. 5. 失去手臂之后,他写了一本名为《生死两难》的书。 After losing his arm, he wrote a book called between a rock and a hard place. keep on doing sth.例: keep on studying English mind doing sth.例:Do you mind my smoking?


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