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高二下新世纪英语U5The father of modern physics翻译


The father of modern physics
Albert Einstein was born of Jewish parents in 1879 in Germany. He did badly in most subjects at school, but was fascinated by mathematics, which he did quite well. When he was fifteen, his family moved to Italy, and from there he went to Switzerland to attend a polytechnic school. After gaining a teaching qualification from the polytechnic, Einstein took a post as a junior clerk in an office. Einstein was happy to get such an easy job, because it gave him plenty of time to think about physics. It was the “thought experiments” that he carried out in his head that led to a new understanding of space, time and gravity(引 力). In 1905, when he was twenty-six years old, Einstein began to publish his thoughts. One of his theories provided an explanation for a puzzling effect, called the photoelectric effect(光电效应), which had been noticed some years earlier. It was in 1921 that he was awarded the Nobel Prize for Physics for his work on the photoelectric effect. In 1914, Einstein became a professor of physics at the University of Berlin and all went well until Hitler came to power in 1933. Einstein, who was Jewish, spoke out against Nazi crimes. As a result, he had to leave Germany and spent the rest of his life teaching in the United States at Princeton University. In the long course of research, Einstein developed his theories of relativity. These theories were so different and new that most scientists could do not believe or understand them, and it took a long time for them to be accepted. Einstein’s theories also predicted that solid objects can be changed into pure energy. This did lead to the development of nuclear power(核能) and the atomic bomb(原子弹). However, Einstein himself protested against nuclear weapons, and became involved in the peace movement after the First World War. Einstein passed away in 1955 at the age of seventy-six. What he left behind is a wealth of ideas that form the foundation of modern physics today. Apart from his scientific work, Einstein found much pleasure in simple pastimes. Among his hobbies were sailing and playing the violin. Besides, he loved the company of children. Although he was one of the greatest scientists who ever lived, Einstein did not take himself seriously. Once, when asked to enter a newspaper competition to write an article explaining how light is bent by gravity, he joked that the competition was much too difficult for him to enter.

阿尔伯特·爱因斯坦在 1879 年出生在一个德国的犹太人家里。他在学校时大多科目都不好, 但被数学所吸引。且他做得十分好。在他 15 岁时,他们一家搬到了意大利,自那时起他去瑞士去 上工艺学校。 从工艺学校获得教师资格之后,爱因斯坦从事了一个办公室里低级职员的职位。爱因斯坦很 高兴得到这样一个简单的工作,因为它给他很多时间来思考物理。正是他头脑中进行的“思维实 验”最终带来了对宇宙时间和引力的全新解释。 在 1905 年,当他 26 岁的时候,艾因斯坦开始发表他的思想。他的一个理论解释了早些年就 曾被注意到的一种令人费解的现象。 这种现象被称作光电效应。在 1921 年他被授予了诺贝尔物理 学奖,因为他在光电效应上的工作。在 1914 年,爱因斯坦成为了柏林大学的物理学教授而这一些 持续到希特勒在 1933 年上台执政。爱因斯坦,作为一个犹太人,直言不讳地反对纳粹罪行。正由 于此,他不得不离开德国,用余生在美国的普林斯顿大学教书。 在长期的研究中爱因斯坦建立了相对论。这些理论太与众不同和新颖了以至于众多科学家们 不能够相信或理解它们。这花了他们很长一段时间来接受它们。 爱因斯坦的理论也预测到了固体可以转变成纯能源,这引导了核能和原子弹的发展。然而爱 因斯坦他自己反对核武器,他参与到在第一次世界大战后的和平运动中去。 爱因斯坦在 1955 年在他 76 岁的时候逝世。他留下的是可以奠定现代物理学基础的丰富的想 法。除了他的科技工作,爱因斯坦在简朴的业余消遣中找到很多乐趣,他的爱好有划船和拉小提 琴。除此之外,他喜欢孩子们的陪伴。尽管他是活过的科学家中最伟大的科学家之一,爱因斯坦 对他自己看得并不重要。有一次,当他被邀请去参加一家报纸的比赛来写一篇关于解释光怎么被 重力弯曲,他开玩笑说这比赛对他来说太难以至于不能参加。


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