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初一英语下 语法复习

1. 形容词的用法:形容词用以修饰名词,表示人或事物的特征。在句中可以作定语、表 语,用于限定被修饰语的特征,如长短、大小、重量、颜色、高矮、胖瘦、新旧等, 。 The little girl is very pretty. --Which one? --The new blue one. --I want

that one.

Can I have a look at the big nice one? 2、人称代词:是用来表示人的代词,有单数和负数之分,有主格和宾格之分。人称代词 的主格在句中作主语;人称代词的宾格在句中作宾语,是作动词或介词的宾语。 主格:I, we, you, he, she, it, they 在句子中作主语 宾格:me, us, you, him, her, it, them 在句子中作宾语 He and I are in the same class. 我和他在同一个班级。 Can you see them in the street? 你能看见他们在街上吗? 3、可数名词和不可数名词:英语中名词分为可数名词和不可数名词。凡是可数计数的名 词叫做可数名词;凡是不可以计数的名词叫做不可数名词。 (1)可数名词分为单数和复数两种形式。可数名词前可以用不定冠词、数词或 some many 等修饰。如:a man a desk pens (2)不可数名词没有复数形式,前面不能用不定冠词、数词或 many 等词语修饰,但可以 用 some a little much 等词语来修饰。有时可以与一些量词短语搭配,这些量词短语 中的名词一般是可数的, 有单数形式, 也可以有复数形式。 如: some water much food a piece of bread tow bottles of ink a little milk an apple an orange some books some children tow

some glasses of water

4、祈使句:祈使句用来表示请求、命令等,句中没有主语,肯定形式由谓语或者谓语+宾 语(+宾语补足语)构成,否定形式则在句前加 Don’t. Stand up, please. Don’t worry. Pass it like this.

can 的用法:can 是情态动词,表示“能,会,可以,被允许等” ,其后接动词原形, 否定形式为 cannot,可缩写为 can’t. She can speak Japanese. I can’t remember his name. Can you spell your name?

You can’t play football here.

My little brother can look after himself now. 5、现在进行时态:概念:表示现在(说话瞬间)正在进行或发生的动作,也可以表示目 前一段时间内或现阶段正在进行的活动。 结构:由 be 动词(am, is, are) + 动词 ing 构成,其中 be 动词要与主语保持性数一致。

The boys are playing football on the playground. Mary is flying a kite in the park. --What are you doing now? --I’m reading English.

Are they drawing the pictures now? We are not watching TV. We are doing our homework now. 动词现在分词是动词原形变化而来的,规则变化如下: 动词 ing 形式叫动词现在分词,其构成如下: 1) 直接在动词后加 ing play—playing, do—doing, talk—talking, sing--singing 2) 以不发音的字母 e 结尾的动词,先去 e,再加 ing make—making, write—writing, have—having, take—taking 3) 以重读闭音节结尾的动词,且词尾只有一个辅音字母,应双写这个辅音字母,再 加 ing:run—running, stop—stopping, put—putting, swim—swimming 注意对现在进行时态的判断。判断一个英语句子用什么时态,主要看句子的时间状语, 一般说来,每种时态都有与之相对应的时间状语。现在进行时表示现在(说话瞬间) 正在进行或发生的动作。因此,这个时态最常用的时间状语是 now;但有不少句子并 没有 now,只能通过提示语如 look、listen 等或者通过上下文来确定用现在进行时。 She is cleaning her room now. 她正在打扫房间。 Look! The girl is dancing over there. --Can you go and play games with me? --Can’t you see I am doing my homework? 6、have/ has 的用法: 1) 谓语动词 have 表示“有” ,有两种形式:have 和 has,前者用于第一人称(I, we), 第二人称(you)和第三人称复数(they),后者用于第三人称单数(he, she, it)或 单数名词。

I have an apple and he has two bananas. You have a new English teacher. It has two big eyes. Julie and Jack have a nice car. 2) have/has 句型与 there be 句型的比较:两者都表示“有” ,但用法不同。前者表 示所属关系, 即表示 “某人或某物有什么” , 而后者表示存在, 表示 “某地有什么” 。 They have some new books. There are some new books on their desks.

She has a lot of pretty skirts. There are a lot of pretty skirts in the shop. 3) have/ has 的否定句,一般要加助动词 do/ does,再加 not 构成,即 do not have (don’t have)/ does not have (doesn’t have) She does not have a sister. We don’t have any classes on Saturday. Ann and I don’t have a big room. 4) 一般疑问句由“助动词 Do/ Does + 主语 + have + 宾语”构成,回答用 Yes, ? do/ does.或者 No, ? don’t/ doesn’t. --Do you have a big house? --No, they don’t.

--Does he have an eraser? --Yes, he does. --Does it have big eyes? --No, it doesn’t. 5) 特殊疑问句由特殊疑问词 + 助动词 do/ does + have (+状语)构成。 What do they have? What does he have? How many telephones do they have? 7、 介词用法: 1) 具体时间前介词用 at。 . He gets up at half past seven every day. She goes to bed at eleven o’clock. 2) 表示“在早上,在下午,在晚上”的短语中用介词 in,且定冠词 the 不能省略; 表示“在中午,在夜里”的短语中介词用 at,不加冠词。 in the morning 在早上,in the afternoon 在下午,in the evening 在晚上 at noon 在中午,at night 在夜里 3) 表示“在某天” 、 “在某天的上午、下午等”的短语用介词 on。

What do you usually do on Monday morning? Do you sometimes go out to eat on Friday evening? He watches DVDs on Saturday night. Parents take children to parks on June 1. 4) 在 this, last, next, every 等词前面既不加介词,也不用冠词。 What are you doing this afternoon? He visits his grandma every Friday. She is going to Shanghai next Monday. 8、一般现在时 一般现在时表示经常性或习惯性的动作,或表示现在的特征或状态。 其动词形式是:动词原形(只有第三人称单数作主语时除外,要加-s)其疑问句和否 定句需要用助动词 do 或 does 1) 肯定句用行为动词原形表示 They get up very early every morning. I visit my grandparents four times a month. 2) 否定句用 don’t + 动词原形来表示 We do not go shopping on Sundays. I don’t think you like this colour. 3) 一般疑问句则是把助动词 do 提前至句首, 后面动词用原形。 回答时, 肯定用 “Yes, 主语+do”;否定句用 “No, 主语+don’t”。 –Do they go to school at seven o’clock? --Do you like this skirt? --No, I don’t. --Yes, they do.

一般现在时用来表示经常的或习惯性的动作,常与以下的时间状语连用:often 经常, always 总是,sometimes 有时,usually 通常,every day/ week 每天/ 周等。 He usually goes to school by bike. She is always late for class. It often rains here. 主语为第三人称单数时的一般现在时 一般现在时态,当主语为第三人称单数时,谓语动词要与其保持性数一致,后要加-s 或-es。

I visit my grandparents every week.

My parents and I sometimes go out to eat.

He likes reading at night.

She usually goes to school by bike.

The little cat drinks milk every day. 转换成否定句要加 doesn’t,其后的动词用原形。 Kelly doesn’t get up early on Saturdays and Sundays. He doesn’t feel well today. 转换成一般疑问句,句首用 Does,其后的动词用原形。 Does he have lunch at school? Does it take long by train?

I.听力(20 小题,计 20 分) i)听辩单词:从所给 ABC 选项中找出你听到的单词。 1. A. pen 2. A. look 3. A. this 4. A. apple 5. A. where B. pencil B. good B. these B. pear B. what C. pencil-box C. book C. those C. orange C. when

ii)情景反应:根据所听到的句子,选择正确答语补全对话。 6. A. How are you? 7. A. Lucy does. 8. A. Yes, I am. B. How do you do? B. Lily is. B. Yes, I do. C. Fine, thank you. And you? C. We have C. Yes, I can. C. Only one. C. No, there isn’t.

9. A. There are boats. B. I like them. 10. A. There is a shop. B. Many shops.

iii)对话理解:找出你所听到的问句的正确答案。 11. A. It’s Lucy’s hat. 12. A. His bus is Number 13. C. His bus is Number 3. 13. A. It’s in Hunan. 14. A. It’s 8873493. 15. A. At home. B. It’s in Hubei. B. It’s 8873475. B. At school.

B. It’s Lily’s cat.

C. It’s Lily’s hat.

B. His bus is Number 30.

C. It’s in shanghai. C. It’s 8873593. C. In the room.

vi) 短文理解:根据所听到的内容,选择正确的答案。 16. What is Li Ming’s mother? A. She is a worker. B. she is a driver. 17. Where does his father work? A. In a hospital. 18. What is his sister? A. A doctor. B. A teacher. C. A worker. B. In a factory. C. In a middle school. C. She is a teacher.

19. How many people are there in LI Ming’s family? A. Three. 20. Where is Li Ming? A. At work. B. At home. C. At school. B. Four. C. Five.

II.单项选择(25 小题,计 25 分) i) 单词释义(5 小题,计 5 分)在下列各题的选项中选择一个与句子划线部分意思相同或 相近的最佳答案(5' ) 21.Rose plays basketball very well. A. is playing B. is good at C. like to plays D. doesn’t like

22. Joan is wearing a new coat. A. in 23. Is Kate English? A. a English girl C. an English girl 24. Let him look at your picture. A. sees B. have a look at C. look D. watch B. an English man D. a English boy B. puts on C. putting on D. wear

25. It’s twelve to twelve. Let’s have lunch. A. 12:12 B. 12:48 C. 12:58 D 11:48

ii)语法、习语(20 小题,计 20 分)从 A、B、C、D 中选出能填入空白处的最佳答案。 26. I _____ a girl. My name _____ Li Fang. Lucy and Lily ____ my American friends. A. am, is, are B. is, is, are C. are, is, are D. is, am, are

27. ---- _____ is that over there? A. Who B. Whose

---- It’s Ann. C. What

D. How

28. The twins are ______. A. woman doctors C. women doctor B. woman doctor D. women doctors

29. The students of Class Two want to ______ a flower to their English teacher. A. put B. watch C. forget D. take

30. There’s some ______ on the ______ trees. A. orange, orange C. oranges, orange B. oranges, oranges D. orange, oranges

31. Can you play_____ football? I like to play ______ football very much. A. /, / B. the, / C. /, the D. a, the

32. Miss Gao goes to work ______ bike. A. on his B. on her C. in his ---- _________ C. No, I am not. D. Sorry, D. in her

33. ---- Can you see a small house on the hill? A. Yes, I am. I can’t. 34. ---- Excuse me. Where’s the washroom? A. Yes, it’s here. C. Here you are. 35. Can you _____ my dog, please? A. look after B. look like B. Yes, I can’t.

---- _______.

B. This way, please. D. You’re welcome.

C. look up

D. look the same

36. ---- Is it a dog _____ a cat? A. or, and B. and, or

---- It’s not a dog _____ a cat. It’s a bird. C. or, or D. and, and ---- It’s ____ the door.

37. ---- ____ is that ball? I can’t see it. A. What, on

B. Which, under C. Where, behind D. How, in

38. ______ everyone in the room? A. Is B. Has C. Are there D. There are

39. ---- Hi, Li Hua! _______ ? A. How are you C. What's fifteen minus two 40. __________! Is this your cup?

---- It's thirteen. B. How do you do D. How old are you


A. Sorry

B. Excuse me

C. Hello

D. Yes

41. I can sing the song _____ Japanese. A. at B. with C. in D. on

42. I can't find my bag. Can you help ______? A. I B. me C. my D. mine

43. He can speak some English, but not ______. A. many B. much C. a little D. lot

44. I ____ he is right. A. look B. see C. help D. think

45. David and Joy are good friends. _____ like English. A. All of them B. They two C. All of them D. All of the two

III. 完形填空(10 分)通读下面的短文,掌握其大意,然后从 41~50 各题所给的四个选 项(A、B、C、D)中选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。 This is a girl. She’s an English girl. 46 name is Becky. She is twelve. She is in 47 . She studies(学习) 48 in No. 1 Middle School. Mr Liu is her Chinese home 50 number is (010)

teacher. He teaches( 教 ) her Chinese very well. 49 65268559. He loves his students very much.

Becky’s father is an English teacher. He works in Beijing. He teaches us He 52 to work on his bike. He 53 his students very much,

51 .

54 . He is a good

English 55 and good friend. 46. A. He’s B. His C. She’s D. Her

47. A. grade one, class four C. Grade One, Class Four 48. A. English 49. A. Her 50. A. bike 51. A. English 52. A. forgets 53. A. loves 54. A. too B. Chinese B. My B. car B. Chinese B. forget B. doesn’t like B. and

B. class four, grade one D. Class Four, Grade One C. Japanese C. His C. bus C. Japanese C. goes C. doesn’t love C. but

D. American D. Your D. phone D. American D. go D. like D. or

55. A. boy

B. girl

C. student

D. teacher

VI. 阅读理解(共 15 小题,计 30 分) (A) The Greens(格林一家) have a car. It’s a Japanese car. It’s very nice. They all like it. Mr Green’s car licence number is 781239. Their address is 28 King Street, 1002 London. Jim is Mr Green’s son. He has a bird. Its name is Polly. He has a cat, too. Its name is Mimi. He likes them very much. His brother is Tom. He is nine. He likes picture-books. 根据短文内容判断句子正(T)误(F) 。 56. The Greens have a nice Chinese car.57. They all like the car licence number. 58. Jim and Tom are Mr Green’s sons.59. Polly and Mimi are Tom’s pets(宠物). 60. Tom is nine years old. (B) Mother: What’s wrong, children? Children: We’re thirsty, Mum! Mother: What would you like to drink?Jim: I’d like a Coke, please! Kate: Orange for me, please!Mother: Sit down here. Let me go, OK? Mother: Here you are! A bottle of Coke and a bottle of orange. Children: Thank you, Mum! Jim: The Coke is very nice. Would you like some, Mum? Kate: You can have some of my orange, Mum! Mother: Oh, no, thank you. I’m not thirsty. Are you all right now? Children: Yes, thank you, Mum! 61. Who are Kate and Jim? A. They are brothers. B. They are sisters

C. They are a brother and sister. D. They are a father and son. 62. What’s wrong with the children? A. They are playing games. C. They are thirsty. 63. Jim would like _________. A. some oranges B. some orange

B. They aren’t thirsty. D. A and D are all right.

C. a Coke 64. Which sentence is wrong?

D. some coke

A. Mum would like a bottle of Coke and a bottle of orange. B. Kate is Jim’s sister. C. The children all love their mother. D. They are foreign. 65. Where’re they from? A. They are from England. C. They are American. B. They are from China. D. We don’t know. (C) Sandwich is an Englishman. He lives in the 18th century(世纪). Sandwich is rich, but he likes to play cards (纸牌) for money. He often plays for 24 hours, and doesn't even stop to have his meals. He orders(命令) his servants (仆人) to bring him some meat and bread. He puts the meat between the two pieces of bread and holds the food in his left hand while he plays cards with his right hand. People like Sandwich's idea, and from then on they eat bread and meat as Sandwich does. From the name of the man, Sandwich, we have the word of the food( 食 品 ) "sandwich" today. 66. Sandwich is the A. name of a servant B. name of a man with a lot of money C. poor man who lives on playing cards D. name of food which is liked by the rich 67. Sandwich . .

A. is so interested (兴趣) in playing cards that he often has no time to have his meals B. often takes some bread with him to play cards C. never eat anything when he plays cards D. has no money to play cards with at last 68. People like Sandwich's idea because A. bread, together with meat is cheap


B. he always wins( 赢 ) when he plays cards C. they like Sandwich himself D. when they eat with one of their hands they could do something with the other 69. Today, "sandwich" is .

A. also a name of a rich man B. two pieces of bread with meat in between C. not interested in playing cards D. not liked by most of the people 70. As food, "sandwich" .

A. is usually made of(用...制做) bread and chicken B. sometimes smells (闻) good, but sometimes not C. is made of bread and meat D. is easy for us to play

V. 补全对话(共 5 小题,计 10 分)根据下面对话的意思,从七个选项中选出五个合适的 选项 Allen: Hello! Han Ting: Hello. This is Han Ting. May I speak to Allen, please? Allen: ______71_______ Han Ting: Hi, Allen. How are you? Allen: Fine, thanks. How are you? Han Ting: I’m fine. Thank you. Allen, I need some help. ______72________ Allen: Sure. __________73_________ Han Ting: There is something wrong with my computer. Can you mend it? Allen: Certainly, but not today. _______74________ Han Ting: OK. Thanks a lot. _________75________ A. See you then There is something wrong I’d love to. This is Allen.

B. How about Sunday afternoon? C. Speaking!

Can you give me a hand.

VI. 句子变换(5 小题,计 10 分)每空一词,使上下两句意思相符 76. Those white clothes are hers. →Those __________ ___________ white clothes. 77. What's the time?

→What time __________ ____________? 78. There isn't an apple on the desk. →There is ________ _________ on the desk. 79. I have some pictures in my bag. →_____________ __________ some pictures in my bag. 80. Mr Green is in a white car. He's a man. →___________ ___________ in the white car is Mr Green. VII.完成短文(5 小题,计 5 分)根据所给单词首字母提示,完成下列短文,每空一词。 I'm Tom. I'm a student in a Middle School. Now, let me say (81)s________ about my family. (82)T_________ five people(人) in my family, my mother, my father, my sister, my brother and I. My father is a worker. My mother is a teacher (83)o______ English. We (84) t______, my sister, my brother and I are in the same school. We (85)a______ work hard. VIII. 书面表达(10 分) 根据图示,以“Lin Hai’s House”为题,写一篇短文,介绍林海家房前屋后等有关情况, 要求:①短文不得少于 50 个字; ②语句要通顺,语法要正确; ③书写要规范。

1---5 BABCA 21-25 BACBD 41-45 CBBDB 61-65 CCCAD 76. are her 81. something 6-10 BBCCC 11-15 CABCA 26-30 AADDC 31-35 ABDBA 46-50 DDBCD 51-55 ACAAD 66-70 BADBC 71-75 GFDCA 77. is it 82. There’re 78. no apple 79. There are 83. of 84. three 80. The man 85. all 16-20 ACABC 36-40 CCADB 56-60 FFTFT


附:听力朗读材料 i)听辩单词:从所给 ABC 选项中找出你听到的单词。 1. Excuse me, is this your pencil? 2. Look! They are bananas. 4. This is an orange. 3. These are my English books. 5. Where’s my cup?

ii)情景反应:根据所听到的句子,选择正确答语补全对话 6. How do you do? 8. Can you see the clock? 10. Is there a shop in the picture? iii) 对话理解:找出你所听到的问句的正确答案。 11. A: Look! Is this Lucy’s hat? Q: Whose hat is this? 12. A: Li Lei. What’s your bus number? Q: what’s his bus number? 13. A: Is Wuhan in Hebei? B: No, it’s in Hubei. Q: Where’s Wuhan? B: Er? It’s number 13. B: No, it’s Lily’s. 7. Who is your friend? 9. How many boats are there in the picture?

14. A: Hello! Is this 8873493? Q: What’s the right number? 15. A: Is Kate at school?

B: No, wrong number. This is 8873593.

B: No, she is at home.

Q: Where is Kate?

iv) 短文理解:根据所听到的内容,选择正确的答案。 There are four members in Li Ming’s family. His father, his mother, his sister and he. His father is a teacher. He works in a middle school. His mother is a worker. She works in a factory. His sister works in a hospital, and Li Ming is a student. They all like Li Ming very much.


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