当前位置:首页 >> 英语 >>

新目标八年级3单元教案讲解及练习题


Unit 3 I’m more outgoing than my sister.
一.重点短语
more outgoing 更外向 the singing competition 唱歌比赛 be talented in music 有音乐天赋 care about 关心,介意 be like a mirror 像一面镜子 bring out 使显现,使表现出 reach for 伸手取 in fact 实际上 be good at 擅长 be similar to 与.......相像的/类似的 hard-working 辛勤的,工作努力的 as........as .......与........一样 the most important 最重要的 the same as 和.........相同 be different from 与.........不同 as long as 只要,既然 get better grades 取得更好的成绩 touch one?s heart 感动某人 make friends 交朋友 the other 其他的 be good with 善于与.......相处

二.重点、难点、考点 1. I’m more outgoing than my sister.
形容词的比较级和最高级 (一)绝大多数形容词有三种形式,原级,比较级和最高级, 以表示形容词说明的性质在程度上的不 同。 形容词的原级: 形容词的原级形式就是词典中出现的形容词的原形。 例如: poor tall great glad bad 比较级:表示两者(人或物)的比较, 就要用形容词比较级,与 than 连用,than 后可接名词,代词,动名词, 从句等. 结构形式为:主语+谓语(系动词)+形容词比较级+than +对比成分。 Eg. Skiing is more exciting than skating 最高级的用法: 表示三者或三者以上(人或事物)的比较,其中一个在某一方面超过其他几个时,用最高级. 最高级的前面一般要加冠词 the,后面可带 of(in)短语来说明比较的范围. Eg. YaoMing is the tallest of the three. 形容词的比较级和最高级: 形容词的比较级和最高级形式是在形容词的原级形式的基础上变化的。 (二)形容词比较级的构成:形容词比较级和最高级形式变化有规则的和不规则的两种。 1. 规则变化 1. 单音节形容词或副词后面直接加-er 或-est tall—taller—tallest fast—faster—fastest
1

2. 以-e 结尾的单音节形容词或副词直接加-r 或-st large—larger—largest nice—nicer—nicest 3. 以-y 结尾的形容词或副词,改-y 为-i 再加-er 或-est busy—busier—busiest early—earlier—earliest happy-happier-happiest 4. 形容词或副词是重读闭音节时,双写最后的辅音字母,再加-er 或-est hot—hotter—hottest big—bigger—biggest 5. 多音节形容词或副词前面直接加 more 或 most delicious—more delicious—most delicious beautiful—more beautiful—most beautiful 形容词比较级和最高级的构成 1.规则变化 构成方法 单音节单 词及部分 双音节词 一 般 在 词 尾 加 -er,-est 在以字母 e 结尾的形 容词后加-r,-st 在以辅音字母+y 结 尾的形容词后, 先改 y 为 i 再加-er,-est 重 读 闭 音 节 词 只有 一个辅音字母时, 先 双 写 辅 音 字 母 再加 -er,-est 2.不规则变化 原级 good/well bad/ill many/much little old far 比较级 better worse more less older/elder 最高级 best worst most least oldest/eldest

原级 tall small nice large heavy happy

比较级 taller smaller nicer larger heavier happier

最高级 tallest smallest nicest largest heaviest happiest

big slim

bigger slimmer

biggest slimmest

farther/further

farthest/furthest

2

3. 常用比较级、最高级 原级 funny wide tidy hot happy interesting smart thin strong generous close handsome sad cheerful short popular slow 比较级 funnier wider tidier hotter happier more interesting smarter thinner stronger more generous closer more handsome sadder more cheerful shorter more popular slower 最高级 funniest widest tidiest hottest happiest most interesting smartest thinnest strongest most generous closest most handsome saddest most cheerful shortest most popular slowest

练习题:用所给词的适当形式填空: 1.A feather is ________________(light) a stone. 2. My mother is _______________(busy) in my family. 3.The lion is __________________(heavy) the dog. 4. Tom is _________________(clever) student in our class . 5.This question is _________________(easy ) of the five. 6. Chinese New Year is____________________( important)festival for Chinese people. 7. Shanghai is one of _____________(large) cities in China. 8. Mosquito is _____________________( dangerous) animal of all.

形容词或副词比较级的用法
⑴ .of/ in 三者或三者以上的人或物进行比较时,用最高级,形容词的最高级前面要加 the, 后面用 of/in, of+同类人/物, in+ 表地点的范围, 副词的最高级前面可用 the, 也可省略. eg: Tom is the tallest boy in his class. Tom is the tallest boy of all the boys. ⑵ .Which / who 引导的选择疑问句有三者相比,也用最高级. eg: Which is the biggest ,the sun ,the earth or the moon?
3

Who is the tallest, Tom, Mike or John? ⑶ .句式:one of+ the +形容词的最高级+名词复数,表示“…中最…之一” eg: Xi?an is one of the oldest cities in China? ⑷ .句式:the+序数词+形容词的最高级+名词,表示“第几…的” eg: The Yellow River is the second longest river in China. ⑸ .“某人的+形容词最高级+名词”结构 当形容词的最高级前有形容词性物主代词﹑名词﹑所有格或指示代词时,不用定冠词. eg: This is my best book of all.

考点语法
1. than 作连词,意为“比” 。常用于形容词或副词的比较级之后,构成表示比较级的句型“A+谓语 + 比较级+than+than+B” ,用于引导表示比较级关系的从句或短语。 Eg: Bob is than John. A. tall B. taller C. tallest D. the taller

2.

......is good at sports.

擅长运动

Be good at (sth) /(doing) sth 在......方面做得好/ 在做某事上做得好=do well in 例如:english is my favorite subject, and I am good 拓展:be good for ..... 对......有好处 be good to .......对.......好 3 .Well, Mary and her best friend are both tall. both 意思是“两个”、“双方”、“两个都”。 在句中可作主语、宾语或同位语。 例如:Both are right.两者都对。(主语) I like both.两个我都喜欢。(宾语) it.

both 与动词连用时,大多数放在系动词 be、助动词或情态动词之后,行为动词之前。 如:His parents are both workers. We They both enjoy reading.

playing swimming. 我们都喜欢游泳。

both 表示两者都, neither 表示两者都不。 both of/neither of 表示“两者都/都不”。例如: They both are students.= Both of them are students. 他们两个都是学生。

Neither of them is a doctor. 他们两个都不是医生。 练习: (1).There are lots of colorful on _______ sides of the streets. A.each B.both C.either D.all (2).What are your parents? They doctors. A.are all B.are both C.all are D.both are (3).Li Lei and Li Ming black hair. A.have both B.both have C.has both D.both has (4).Both of them are doctors.(改为否定句)_______ _______ them _______ a doctor.

4

4 . I think good friends make me laugh.我认为好朋友会使我笑。
*make v. 制造;使;让。 常用结构:(1).make sb./ sth.+adj. 使/让某人/某事怎么样; (2).make sb. do sth. 让某人做某事。 (3).make“制作,成为” make a model plane make friends 【拓展】由 make 构成的短语: make friends with 与…… 交朋友 make a mistake 犯错误,出错 make faces 扮鬼脸 make the bed 铺床 make a noise 吵闹 make a living 谋生 make trouble 惹麻烦 make sure 查明,弄明白 Eg: Mother made a birthday cake for me.妈妈为我做了一个生日蛋糕。 The news makes everyone happy.这个消息使每个人都很快乐。 His mother made him finish the work alone.他妈妈让他一个人完成这项工作。 练习: (1).The boss makes the worker _______10 hours every day. A.work B.to work C.working D.works (2).Mr Bean enjoys _______ jokes and often makes us _______. A.to tell; to laugh B.tells; laugh C.telling; laugh D.telling; laughing (3).His parents often make him _______ his homework till 10 pm. A.do B.does C.to do D.doing 根据汉语意思完成句子 (4).谁惹这个小男孩哭的? Who_________the little boy_________? (5).他的话让他妈妈很高兴。 His words________his mother________. laugh 作动词,意为“笑,因……而笑”。常用于 laugh at sb.短语中,表示“取笑,讥笑,嘲笑某人”。 如: All the kids are laughing. 所有的小孩都笑了。 翻译:别嘲笑他人。___________________________

5.

I’ am quieter and more serious than most kids. serious 表示“严肃的,稳重的”
拓展:A: nothing serious 表示“没有什么严重的” 例如:there is B:be serious about........ 对......认真 with you. 你的病没什么大不了的。

例如:Is she serious about giving up her job. 她说要辞职是认真的吗?

6.

It is not easy for me to make friends.
It is +形容词 + (for me)+to do sth. 是固定结构, “做某事对于某人来说是........” it 是形式主语, 真正的主语是后面的动词不定式短语。 例如: important for us eat a lot of vegetables.
5

拓展:当此句型中的形容词为描述人物品质及性格特征的词。如:clever, foolish, kind,good.nice. 等时,其后的介词用 of. 例如:It is kind It is +形容词 + (for me)+to do sth. you to lend a book to me.

7.

.....you don’t need a lot of them as long as they are good. as long as 表示“只要,既然”

(1)表“只要” 。引导条件状语从句,主句用一般将来时或者情态动词 can 时,所引 导的条件状语从句要用一般现在时。 例如:You will learn it well as long as you follow the teacher. (2) 表“既然” 引导原因状语从句 例如:As long as you want to stay at home, let?s play chess at home.

8. My best friend Larry is quite different from me.
be different from..... “与.....不同,不同于” 其反义词是 the same as ....与......一样/相同,表示同等比较。 My birthday is the same as Tom?s. 我的生日与汤姆的一样。 Lucy is different from Lily. 露西与莉莉不一样。 [拓展] difference 意为“不同;不用之处”,可做可数名词,也可用作不可数名词。 例如:There is no difference between the twins.那对双胞胎长得一模一样。 练习: (1).Life in the country is quite _______ that in the city. A. the same B. different from C. full of D.the same as (2).Is your pen _______ Jim?s? A.same as B.the same C.the same with D.the same as (3).There is not much _______ (different) in price between the two coats. (4).He (5).Her skirt his father.他与他爸爸很不一样. mine.她的裙子和我的一样.

9.

?my best friend is similar to Larry
be similar to........ 与.......相像的/类似的 例如:His hat mine.

10. as.........as 意为“与.......一样” ,表示同级比较。其否定形式为:not as/ so......as 不如· · · · · · (表示一方在某方面 不如另一方),中间用形容词或副词的原级。第二个 as 后人称宾格.
6

例如:This room is as big as that one. Tom works not as hard as Jim. = Tom works not as Jim does. Her hat is as beautiful as mine. I am not so tall as her. 练习: (1).Jim is twelve years old. Tim is twelve years old, too.(合并为同义句) Jim is _______ _______ _______ Tim. (2).English is as easy as math.(改为否定句) English _______ _______ ______ ________ _______math. (3).Write _______ and try not to make any mistakes. A.as careful as possible B.more careful C.most careful D.as carefully as you can (4).Do you think football is as _______ as basketball in America? A.most popular B.the most popular C.more popular D. popular (5).This math problem is _______that one. A.not so easy as B.more easy than C.as easier as D.easy than 11. I don’t really care if my friends are the same as me or different. If 作连词,意为“是否” ,引导宾语从句,常用语 ask, know, wonder,find out,care 等动词之后。 例如:I don?t know if he is at home. 拓展:if 意为“如果” ,引导条件状语从句,如果主句中含有 can, may, must 等情态动词或时态为 一般将来时态,if 才能根据要用一般现在时表将来。 例如:I won?t go there with you if it rains tomorrow. 12. He has shorter hair than Sam. 他的头发比山姆短。 (1) 描写人物外貌的表达 ① 询问他人的外貌长相常用这样的问句。 What does he / she look like? 他/她长得怎样? ② 描写人物外貌的答句 She has long black hair. 她长着长黑发。 She has big eyes and a small nose. 她长着大眼睛和小鼻子。 Her face is round and her mouth is wide. 她的脸是圆的,嘴巴是大的。 练习: (1).Li Lei is _______(smart) than Lin Tao. (2).She is _______(young),but she isn?t_________(young) than Li Ling. (3).My sister is two years _______(old) than me. 13. However,Larry is much less hard-working, so I always get better grades. 然而,拉里不如我用功,因此我总是取得更好的成绩。 (1) little 和 much 都可用来修饰比较级,表示“更· · · · · · 一点,· · · · · · 得多”。 例如: He is a little shorter than you. 他比你 少矮一点儿。 [拓展] 修饰比较级除了用 a little 外,还可用 even(甚至) ,far(非常) ,a lot(非常) ,a bit(一点)等。 练习:
7

(1).This is my friend. He is outgoing than I am. A. much B.more much C.a little more D.a lot of more (2).She is _______ _______ _______(稍矮一点)than Tom. 14.That’s why I like reading books and I study harder in class. That?s why….句型中的 why 引导表语从句,强调结果。 That?s why we were late for school yesterday. 练习: (1).That?s ______he can?t come here on time. A.that B when

C.why

D.what

词语辨析
1. like / as
都表示像....... / 正如....... 例如:The robot can''t work like man. 例如:She is a fine singer, as her mother used to be. 喜欢做某事(偶尔做)

like 是介词 like +名词或代词 as 是连词后面多接从句或介词短语 扩展:like v. 喜欢 like

to do sth.

like doing sth. enjoy v. 喜欢 love v.

喜欢做某事(经常性、带有感情色彩)

enjoy doing sth. 喜欢做某事 (enjoy 后面习惯接动名词或名词作宾语) love doing sth. 喜欢做某事

爱,热爱 语气最强。 love to do sth.

2. interest/ interesting/ interested
三者都表示兴趣,用法不同: interest 做名词为兴趣,主语为人或物 I have no interest in math. interest 作及物动词时后面加宾语,使。 。 。发生兴趣 。主语为人或物。The book interests me. interesting,令人感兴趣的,作表语,主语通常是物,也可以作定语,可修饰人或物。 It’s an interesting book. He is an interesting man. interested 感兴趣的,常用:be /become interested in 这一结构,主语应该是人而不是物。 它可以作定语,只修饰人,不能修饰物 We are interested in music. 注意:a place of great interest 风景名胜

3. beat/ win

都可用作及物动词,作"赢"、"战胜"讲时,其区别主要在于宾语的不同。

beat 后接的宾语是竞争的对手,后跟表示与之比赛、战斗的人或代表群体的名词,即 beat sb.。
例如:We played very well,and we beaten them.我们发挥很好,打败了他们。

We beat the strongest team in the football match this time.
在这次足球赛中, 我们战胜了最强的那个队。

8

win 后接的宾语的是比赛、战争、奖品、金钱等名词,即 race, match, game, prize 之类的词。
例如:They won the match this time.这次比赛他们赢了。

competition, war,

He won first prize in the surfing competition.他在冲浪比赛中获得第一。
练习: (1). He always ____ the match when we play ping-pong. 4. reach / get to / arrive 都可以意为“到达某地” 例如:they reached Hangzhou yesterday. 例如:How did you get to station? A beat B win C beats D wins

reach 及物动词,后面直接接宾语。 get to 后接地点名词。

arrive 不及物动词,后接地点名词时必须加介词 at, in. 例如:I arrived at the company three hours ago. 5. hard-working hard-working work hard adj. 工作努力的,辛勤的 adj V.+adv He works hard in science. He works hard to be a hard-working student. 他为了成为一名努力的学生而努力学习。 Hard-working 在句子中作表语或定语。比较级:more hard-working 反义词:lazy Eg:Linda is a hard-working girl, but her brother is lazier than her. 练习:根据汉语意思完成句子 (1).他工作努力,上班从不迟到。He is_________,and never late for work. (2).他比他的懒弟弟要勤快。 He is________ ________than his_______brother. My mother is hard-working.

6.I know she cares about me because she’s always there to listen (to me). (n) 小心;谨慎 care (v) Take care! 当心/保重 Cross the road with care.

介意;在乎(=mind) care for

I don?t care what happens.

care about: 关心;在意 如:He doesn?t care about anything people say. 关心;照顾 = take care of 或 look after 喜欢;想要(否或疑) 如:Would you care for a cup of coffee?.

care about 关心 Eg . Do you care about your future?你关心自己的未来吗? care about 关心;在意 .他对这条新闻不关心。 ________________________________ Would you care for a cup of coffee?你愿意喝 咖啡吗? He is old enough to take care of himself.他长 大了,能自己照顾自己了。

care for 喜欢,愿意 take care 小心

9

take care of 照顾,照顾

Linda 很好地照顾她弟弟。 ________________________________

单选题: 1.The sun is ______than the earth.

A. big

B .very big

C. bigger

D . the biggest

2. ?My Heart Will Go On? was one of____songs of 1998. A . popularest B. more popular C. popular D. the most popular 3.This film is ____interesting than that one. A. more B. much C. very D .the most 4. Which do you like____, tea or coffee? A. well B. better C. best D. most 5.David is taller than ____in this class. A .any student B. the students C. any students D. the other students 6.The baby cried ______. A .harder and harder B .hardest and hardest C. more and more hard D .hard and hard 7.He is _____of the three. A .taller B. the taller boy C .the tallest boy D.the tall boy 8. In our city it?s ____ in July ,but it is even ____ in August A. hotter hottest B. hot hot C. hotter hot D. hot hotter 9.Hainan is a very large Island .It is the second ______ island in China. A. large B. larger C. largest D. most largest 10. An elephant is ____ than a tiger . A. heavy B. very heavy C. the heaviest D. heavier 11.A horse is ______ than a dog . A. much big B. more bigger C. much bigger D. more big 12. Emma always makes a lot of mistakes . She is _____. A. more careful B. careful C. more careless D. careless 13. Which subject is _____ , physics or math ? A. interesting B. most interesting C. more interesting D. the most interesting 14. Which does Jimmy like _____ , Chinese or Art? A. well B. best C. better D. much 15. _____ of the two women is Mrs Brown. A. The beautiful B. The more beautiful C. More beautiful D. The most beautiful 16. My mooncake is nicer _____ his. A. like B. with C. for D. than 17.You are fatter than _____ . A. he B. his C. him D. he is tall 18. My hair is longer than _____ . A. my sister B. Kate C. my brother?s D. Lucys? 19. The pen is _____ than that one. A. more cheap B. cheap C. much cheaper D. quite cheaper 20.Tom speaks Chinese _____ better than Jimmy. A. more B. very C. a lot of D. much

练习题
Section A(Grammar Focus) 课时预览 I.重点词汇:smart;hard-working; funny ; friendly
10

II.重点句式:1. Is Tom smarter than Sam? 2. Does Tara work as hard as Tina? 厚积薄发 I. 写出下列形容词或副词的比较级形式。 1.short 2.tall 3.long 2.high 6.quiet 7.big 9.lazy 10.early 11.heavy 13.nice 14.fine 15.good 17.outgoing 18.important 19.loudly 20.quietly II. 用所给词的适当形式填空 1.——Are you as friendly as your sister? ——No, I?m (friendly) than my sister. 2.I am (funny) than I was two years ago. 3.John thinks he works (hard) than me. 4.My mother is as (outgoing) as my father. 5.She sings (well) than she did three years ago.

4.smart 8.thin 12.funny 16.well

III. 单项选择 2.Sam is than Tom. A.tall B.very tall C.taller D. much tall 2.——Is Tom than Sam? ——Yes. And he is than Sam. A.smart, funny B.smarter, funny C.smart, funnier D.smarter, funnier 3.Don?t laugh at her. She is any of the others in your class. A.as smart as B.so smart as C.so smart like D.like smart 4.I?m fourteen. My friend is sixteen. So I?m him. A.as old as B.not younger than C.not so young as D.younger than 5.Isabel is than I am. A.outgoing and funny B.more funny and outgoing C.funnier and more outgoing D.more funnier and outgoing IV. 根据所给汉语提示完成英语句子 1. 他的头发比汤姆的长。 He has hair Tom. 2.她的个头比我们矮。 He is us. 3.我爸爸和我妈妈一样对人友好。 My father is my mother. 4.你比两年前唱歌好吗? Do you than you did two years ago? 5.——在学校谁更勤奋? ——我认为我比汤姆更刻苦。 ——who is at school? ——I think I work Tom。 Section B 课时预览 I.重点词汇:talented; truly; care; care about II.重点句式:1. For me, a good friend likes to do the same things as me. 2. Molly studies harder than her best friend. 厚积薄发
11

I. 根据句意及首字母提示完成单词。 二.My friend is good at singing,she is t in music. 三.He is your best friend,and you should c about him. 四.Our teacher is t funny, he often makes us laugh. 五.That?s not very important f me. 六.I am d from my friend, we are not the same. II. 用所给词的适当形式填空 1. I think a good friend (have) cool clothes. 2. He is funny boy, he likes to make me (laugh). 3. Sam is good at (play) soccer. 4. Holly?s best friend (true) cares about her. 5. My mother is a good (listen). III. 单项选择 1. Peter studies than his friend. A.hard; good B.harder; better C.harder; best D.hard; best 12. All the children like Mr.White because he often makes them . A.laughed B.laugh C.laughing D.to laugh 3. ——Who is to people, your mother or your father? ——Mother. A.friend B.friendly C.friendlier D.more friendly 4. ——I think a good friend is good at sports. ——That?s not very important me. A.to B.for C.of D.at 5. My best friend likes to do me. A.same things as B.the same things as C.different things as D.different things from IV. 根据所给汉语提示完成英语句子 1.他很幽默经常是我们发笑。 He is very funny and often . 2.一个好朋友喜欢和我做同样的事情。 A good friend likes to do things me. 3.张继科擅长打乒乓球。 Zhang Jike playing pingpong. 4.对于我来说,一个好朋友应该和我有区别。 For me, a good friend should me. 5.我认为好朋友确实关心我。 I think a good friend me.

12


相关文章:
新人教版八年级3单元教案
10页 免费 新人教版八年级7单元教案... 暂无评价 6页 免费 人教版九年级上期末复习... 6页 免费 人教版八年级下Unit 3Wh... 暂无评价 4页 1下载券新...
新课本新目标英语八年级上册Unit3教案
新课本新目标英语八年级上册Unit3教案_初二英语_英语_初中教育_教育专区。Unit ...教学反思: 3 Section A 2 (Grammar focus-3c) 一、教学目标: 1) 复习巩固...
新目标八年级上Unit3半期复习学案
新目标八年级Unit3半期复习学案_英语_初中教育_教育专区。Unit 3 I’m ...五、语法讲解: 形容词与副词的比较级 1.规则变化单音节词和少数双音节词,加...
人教版新目标英语八年级上册第三单元教案
人教版新目标英语八年级上册第三单元教案_英语_初中教育_教育专区。适合教师资格...复习一般过去时(分发辅助资料,让学 生分组讨论过去时的用法,小组派代表上台讲解...
新目标八年级英语上Unit3复习学案
新目标八年级英语上Unit3复习学案_英语_初中教育_教育专区。最新版新目标人教版复习内容汇总,重难点分析清晰 Unit 3 I’m more outgoing than my sister. 1. ...
人教版八年级英语下册第三单元教案
人教版八年级英语下册第三单元教案_英语_初中教育_教育专区。Unit 3 Could you...复习巩固本单元重点词汇和句型。 2. 培养学生的写作能力。 3. 完成相关练习。...
人教版新目标八年级下册第3单元第1课时教案设计
人教版新目标八年级下册第3单元第1课时教案设计_英语_初中教育_教育专区。【备课...这时,在体验和练习的基础上,让学生看本单元的语言目 标:礼貌的请求和申请许可...
新目标八年级上Unit3半期复习学案
新目标八年级Unit3半期复习学案_语文_初中教育_教育专区。Unit 3 I’m more outgoing than my sister. 半期复习学案 一、词组、短语: 1. more outgoing 更...
【人教版】新目标2018版八年级上英语:Unit3知识点期末...
【人教版】新目标2018版八年级上英语:Unit3知识点期末复习学案_英语_初中教育_教育专区。Unit3 一、知识点 1. 事实上;实际上 in fact I’m more outgoing ...
新目标人教版八年级英语上册1---3单元个性化教案
新目标人教版八年级英语上册1---3单元个性化教案 最新版 完整版 知识归纳带练习题最新版 完整版 知识归纳带练习题隐藏>> 个性化教案学生姓名 年级 学科导师 授课...
更多相关标签: