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The reading report of The Second Sex


The reading report of The Second Sex
I have read this book for several months, and then I have something to say about this book. Firstly, I think it is important to introduce the author. The author of this book is Simone De Beauvoir. She is one of the France's most influential women in the 20th century. She is also a scholar, a writer and existentialism. She once published a personal "declaration of independence”, which declared that" never will I allow my life to bow to the will of others “. She is intellectual, strong minded with strong vitality and curiosity. Simone De Beauvoir wrote many works. The Second Sex is a book of wisdom, which is known as the" bible "of woman. The Second Sex is a human research for women in philosophy, and to all readers, no matter male or female, prompting the contemporary topic that women are faced with the problem: the freedom of life, abortion, prostitution and sexual equality. Although because of The Second Sex, she have bear evil rage attacking, such as" greedy "or" low "or" prostitute ", "nymphomania crazy patients". All this can't stop her from pursuing independence and being a model of anti-tradition. One thousand readers, there are one thousand Hamlet. So it is easy for me to understand why the book The Second Sex is controversial. First of all, the title "The Second Sex" is to point out that women are the second sex and live behind man. Men are the control of the world and they are not in equal status. It is a very important in this book. lives under the patriarchal rules. Secondly, it is pointed out that this situation was not doomed to be so. Although there are physical reasons, it is not conclusive. Dependent on economy is more important. Social customs, law restrictions imposed on women is the root for this situation. To this, the author eloquently analyzed the problem from biology, history, economics and many other aspects.. Thirdly, she pointed out that "femininity" is not the reason why women are subject to men. But there are no changeless” femininity” .The beliefs of the woman, the values, Even today, many women have not realized their

the intelligence, the moral, the interest, the behavior, should be explained by her situation. Its formation is not only the reaction of the women about their situation, but also the result of the influence by social customs. The family education of their childhood played an important role in the formation of femininity. Fourth, the authors say that woman herself is the factor of the formation of femininity. Under the interests of the temptation, women forwardly accept the position and status, although she lost the status of the transcendence and being in danger of "the other" status. Fifth, the author maintains the optimistic attitude of women's liberation movement and the birth of the new woman and the prospects about equality between men and women. Equality between men and women is not denying gender differences, but respecting the differences, and respecting each other's subjectivity, the abolition of the oppression between men and women, realizing the fully free development of each other. Only in this way, can they keep harmonious relationship. I summarize it into a sentence: "men need to let go, the woman will give force"! “The other” is a very common and important phrase in the book. It is seemingly a phrase to refer women. Actually, I think it is a symbolism. It actually refers to those

who have not or lost the sense of self, in others, or the environment, completely under the domination of others and losing subjective personality. I think the term is not only the key to understand this book and existentialism that it wants to express. Beauvoir illuminates the women as" the other "identity. Women have no past, no history, no their own religion. When a man put a woman in 'otherness' position, he expects her to show the die-hard cooperation. Women can't take the major part, because she is often in a lack of resources. She felt the necessity of bondage, she even satisfied with that role. In the second chapter, the author thinks that the "alienation" of women should be dated back to the collective human consciousness ignorance. In that time, women were regarded as a tool to bear offspring. From Eve, the Virgin Mary, the eternal

female, to Lawrence's Lady Chatterley, "male" label was carefully added on them. In order to achieve their own interests, men encouraged women to reflect the femininity

that they would make fun of most of the time. Beautiful means she needs to spend more time and effort to futilely struggle with youth, which doomed to fail. Gentle means she should suppress their dissatisfaction with reality. Virtuous means she should bear no grudges, and undertake all obligations. He put her into a garish clown, lazy parasites and a stupid without idea. And he caused all this, and he encouraged her to be. Men are willing to put woman as servants, toys, Couples. She is the object, not aggressive, and he was the center, he was the standard. As for gender, what is the woman? Biology is defined as her "female". Beauvoir said: "the word 'female' is derogatory sense, not because it highlights the woman's animal attribute, but for it putting her in bondage in her sex.” Almost all the men put all the" female " adjective on woman , such as" lazy , cunning , ruthless , stupid , " But Beauvoir analyzes it from a point of psychology :" Gender was produced

psychologically rather than biologically . "It is a woman by her ' love life ' created her own identity, including her female identity." According to Beauvoir’s view, each person's ideology is different, then the resulting “identity " will be different. But, in fact, almost no woman will put herself in the line of male. Why, then, almost all of the “she" would put their creation as “women” mean? Beauvoir and did not make inquiry. In fact, in this society, her birth is defined as "female”, and in her later life, she is more trying to accept this identity, to accept this kind of social rules. It is like a judge issues, social tell you - you're a woman. Of course, you have the right to choose, if you choose "right" , then you get the general social recognition ; Otherwise , you are a heterogeneous of the society. Those who was given the identity of women but denied to be women often suffered social abuse and accusations. Under such pressure, more people will choose to accept the gender that society gives them. So, while I understand Beauvoir’s view, but more inclined to think that female identity is not the choice of herself, It is what the society imposes her according to their physical characteristics, she just admits it psychologically. As for human nature and Feminism, Both the communist movement, the feminist movement or loss, are likely to be hastily declared as "human nature" of victory. I

think the most important contribution of The Second Sex is to put the so-called "human nature” under the analytical microscope. Beauvoir attributes the so-called "female nature” to the cultural construction of patriarchal society. "The Second Sex” provided a way to break the individualism. Starting from existential philosophy, she believes that women can change living situation through the choosing of value. Specifically, a woman who choose not to marry or barren can be a new class of people. Contrast to the theory that supports social changing, de Beauvoir’s proposal is clear and light, as if most non -political. It is only the private decision of a few sober

women. It’s militancy is hidden: it is a way of self- abatement artistic expansion, similar to the strike, hunger strike. Beauvoir’s book should be glad not to replace adolescent love reading, otherwise, not just smart enough to commit suicide human animal is capable of self- extinction of the species. On marriage, Beauvoir raised criticism on marriage. She said: "Marriage has nothing to do with individual’s idea: marriage is just to fulfill the duties, rather than realize the truth or expressing feelings" “in marriage, sexual experience has been seen as a duty, a purpose, it is always not a true representation of desire.” Maybe some people will think Beauvoir’s views are too extreme, but if we try to stand by t era that she was in to look at the problem, it all seems to have become a matter of course. During the war years, women would step onto guillotined because of abortion. A woman can not own selectivity of sexual life and she can not choose to take measures of contraception, then “motherhood “for her can only be imposed. We know there is no happiness due to forcing, then been imposed “motherhood “, how can there be a satisfactory outcome. Imagine, he met with her not in a romantic afternoon; they fall in love with each other at first sight, and even stay together for life. Even in modern society it is difficult to achieve, let alone disciplined in that era. He and she often been matched by the organization, not because of their love marriage, but in order to reproduce, to organize the production of new labor. Therefore, this marriage is not free, men want to possess a woman, if a woman don’t love this man at all, that he and her sex life is just a kind of formality. Beauvoir’s view of modern society are also some applicable,

although we advocate democracy, the law also gives us the right to free love, but in some remote villages, " arranged marriage”,” Dealings wife" phenomenon is also repeated. Since this is no freedom of marriage, that we are not difficult to understand why Beauvoir on "sexual liberation" full of desire, which is the yearning for freedom of women. I agree with her main point in the book: In addition to innate biological differences, women's all "female" characteristics are caused by society, men is the same. I think in our modern society, we should cultivate our awareness of independence. We should live for ourselves, not others. Maybe the author ’s opinion is more absolutely, but what she wants us women to know is that we should dependent on ourselves. We should have our own idea and do what we want to do. I think all that I said is what a modern woman should do.


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