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【高考领航】2016届高三英语二轮复习 课时训练3 阅读理解+阅读填空+完形填空+短文改错


训练 3

阅读理解+阅读填空+完形填空+短文改错
(建议用时 45 分钟)

Ⅰ.阅读理解 I met my friend when we were in graduate school,and we enjoyed hanging out together outside of class.After receiving our degrees,we both left school to live in different states.That was 10 years ago. We’ve kept in touch,but our phone conversations and twice?a?year visits became opportunities for my friend to talk endlessly about her problems.When I tried to fill her in on my own life,she obviously ignored. In the past few years I’ve not visited her at all and been afraid of her occasional phone calls and visits to my house.She invites herself now because I no longer invite her.When she’s at my home,she literally follows me from room to room, talking nonstop,until I make an excuse to get away from her.I tell her I need to take a nap,but I don’t sleep.I sit in my room and read or enjoy the quiet. Here’s the worst part.She and her family,including two young children,are moving to our city.Her family has a small income,and they are buying a house in a grand neighborhood they can’t afford.She asked if she and her husband and her children could stay at my home on their trips to our town to deal with house matters. My husband and I have no children.Even though our home is tiny and perfectly sized for us,I let them stay.She told me her husband would start his new job before they finished purchasing this house.I felt obligated to offer her our guest room.If I hadn’t offered,she would have asked anyway. Now he’s here,and it turns out he’ll be staying on through the weekends.I am seething. I would never under any circumstances impose on a friendship this way.I feel used, resentful,and don’t care if I ever see her again.Should I end this friendship? I’m getting absolutely nothing from it but a knot in my stomach. 1.Every time they got in touch,the author’s friend ________. A.had little to share with the author B.was eager to know about the author’s life

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C.expressed her contentment with her own life D.showed no interest in listening to the author’s story 2.The author is afraid of her friend’s phone calls and visits because________. A.she is engaged in her own life B.she hates her friend’s nonstop talking C.her friend always borrows money from her D.her friend always wants to show off before her 3.We can know from the text that the author ________. A.is a selfish and jealous woman B.has a larger house than her friend C.has more children than her friend D.is unwilling to share her house with her friend 4.What is the author’s attitude towards their friendship? A.Favorable. C.Dissatisfied. B.Appreciative. D.Indifferent.

【语篇解读】 本文为夹叙夹议文。作者通过讲述自己和朋友之间的故事,引发读者对友谊 的思考。 1.解析:选 D。根据第二段最后一句“When I tried to fill her in on my own life, she obviously ignored.”可知答案。ignore“不予理睬,忽视”。 2.解析:选 B。根据第三段中的“she literally follows me from room to room,talking nonstop...I tell her I need to take a nap,but I don’t sleep.I sit in my room and read or enjoy the quiet.”可知,作者很烦朋友的唠唠叨叨。 3.解析:选 D。根据第五段最后两句“I felt obligated to offer her our guest room.If I hadn’t offered,she would have asked anyway.”可知答案。 4. 解析: 选 C。 通过全文, 尤其是最后一段“I would never under any circumstances impose on a friendship this way.I feel used,resentful,and don’t care if I ever see her again.Should I end this friendship?I’m getting absolutely nothing from it but a knot in my stomach.”可知,作者对这份友谊很不满意、很烦。 Ⅱ.阅读填空 Trees around us are extremely important and have always been necessary for improving the human conditions.Our existing forests and trees we plant work to make a better world.1.____________Here is a short list of main reasons trees are necessary for improving our living conditions. ●Trees produce oxygen
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2.____________A leafy tree produces as much oxygen in a season as 10 people inhale in a year.What many people don’t realize is that the forest also acts as a giant filter that cleans the air we breathe.Trees help clean the air by preventing airborne particles,reducing heat,and absorbing such pollutants. ●Trees clean the soil The term phytoremediation is a fancy word for the absorption of dangerous chemicals and other pollutants that have entered the soil. 3.____________ Trees filter(过滤)sewage and farm chemicals,reduce the effects of animal wastes,clean roadside spills and so on. ●Trees are carbon sinks To produce its food,a tree absorbs and locks away carbon dioxide in the wood, roots and leaves.Carbon dioxide is a global warming suspect. 4.____________ This locking?up process“stores”carbon as wood and not as a “greenhouse”gas. ● 5.____________ Trees block urban noise almost as effectively as stone walls.Trees,planted at strategic points in a neighborhood or around your house,can reduce major noises from freeways and airports. A.We could not exist as we do if there were no trees. B.Trees help clean the sky. C.A forest is a carbon storage area that can lock up as much carbon as it produces. D.Trees control noise pollution. E.Man has been planting trees to make the planet a more beautiful world. F.The modern human community has other more practical reasons to admire and honor trees. G.Trees can either store harmful pollutants or change the pollutants into less harmful forms. 【语篇解读】 树对人类的生存环境起着重要的作用。无论是天然林还是人工林,都在美化 着这个星球。树在哪些方面造福我们呢? 1.选 F。空格的前句说的是地球上的自然林和我们种植的树木一起创造更好的世界。空格 后的句子是说这里有一个关于树对改善我们的生存环境非常必要的重要原因的简单列表。 故 F 项“当今的人类还有其他更现实的理由敬佩、珍视树木”起承上启下的作用,符合语境。 2.选 A。根据下文可知,此处是说树所生产的氧气帮助我们存活,故 A 项符合语境。 3.选 G。由空后的内容可知,树木会过滤污水和农业用药,减少动物粪便的影响及清理路 边的污物等,故 G 项能概括此处描述的内容。
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4 . 选 C 。 根 据 空 前 的 “locks away carbon dioxide” 和 空 后 的 “This process‘stores’carbon”可知答案。

locking?up

5.选 D。结合本段内容可知,此处讲的是树木可以减少噪音污染,故 D 项符合文意。 Ⅲ.完形填空 There were two teenage girls in the same school.One had __1__ appearance,wealthy family background and remarkable study records.She entered a good __2__ after high

school.The other,who was less attractive,with __3__ background and worse records, entered a TAFE (Technical and Further Education) and became a receptionist at a five?star hotel. With no __4__,the first girl got a job in a big company,got to know someone who was well?educated,__5__ and wealthy.They went on a marriage after a two?year’s love relationship.__6__ thought it was a marriage that was made by the Heaven.The other girl got to know a visiting Professor from USA __7__ at work.People had no idea how they would finally get __8__ with a large age gap and poorer communications in English,but anyway,both of them seemed to be__9__about each other. Later on,the first girl gave birth to a baby girl.The __10__had been OK for a few years; however, with the growth of her husband’s __11__, the man started having some affairs with other women,which came to light one day and were __12__ by a

divorce.What’s worse,she had no __13__ in regaining her happiness.Presently she is still alone and lonely. How about the other one? Later on,she went to the States,__14__ two children.She went to university while looking after her children.Once the children __15__ their school age,she had already gained graduate __16__ for accounting and went to work

more professionally.She had a __17__ life (not only in everyday life but also mentally).She now has a good career,__18__ life and social circle.Life seems to have been kind to her.But we can see she __19__ her own opportunity and happiness. Life is a long run.The longer distance in a race,the less __20__ point is.So just work and try harder. 1.A.poor C.rich 2.A.family C.hospital 3.A.perfect C.strong B.bad D.good B.university D.job B.ordinary D.pretty
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the starting

4.A.exception C.connection 5.A.cautious C.disabled 6.A.Someone C.Everyone 7.A.by heart C.by skill 8.A.praised C.married 9.A.happy C.lucky 10.A.marriage C.generation 11.A.health C.warmth 12.A.quarreled C.received 13.A.convenience C.patience 14.A.brought C.mothered 15.A.touched C.got 16.A.certificate C.association 17.A.worrying C.satisfying 18.A.daily C.social 19.A.accepted C.created 20.A.significant C.violent

B.influence D.information B.handsome D.beautiful B.Anyone D.No one B.by mistake D.by chance B.admired D.changed B.foreign D.careful B.society D.influence B.strength D.wealth B.argued D.followed B.confidence D.practice B.provided D.occupied B.reached D.arrived B.application D.appetite B.disappointing D.discouraging B.private D.family B.relaxed D.missed B.successful D.favorite
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【语篇解读】 本文是一篇记叙文。文章主要通过描述两个天生不一样的女孩在学业、婚姻 等方面的不同,说明了生活就像长跑,跑得越远,起点越不重要的道理。 1.解析:选 D。与下文的 less attractive 对比,指这个女孩拥有漂亮的外表。 2.解析:选 B。根据后面的 after high school 可知,上完高中进入了一所好大学。 3.解析:选 B。与前面的那个女孩的 wealthy family background 对比,这个女孩家庭背 景很普通。 4.解析:选 A。此处是一个固定结构,with no exception 毫无例外。 5.解析:选 B。与前面的 well?educated 和后面的 wealthy 并列,指英俊的。 6.解析:选 C。根据上文的描述可知,第一个女孩和男友是般配的,每个人都认为他们是 天生一对。 7.解析:选 D。根据句意,此处指另外一个女孩偶然认识了一个访问学者。 8.解析:选 C。由后面的 with a large age gap and poorer communications in English, but anyway...可知,人们都认为他们不会结婚,因为他们存在年龄差异和语言沟通障碍。 9. 解析: 选 A。 与前面人们的预测相比, 他们两个人似乎对于对方都感到满意 be happy about 对??感到满意。 10.解析:选 A。此处指第一个女孩生了孩子,并且前几年她的婚姻很美满。 11.解析:选 D。根据后面的 the man started having some affairs with other women 可知,这个女孩的丈夫有钱了,对婚姻不忠诚了。 12.解析:选 D。根据后面的 by a divorce 可知,随后第一个女孩就离婚了。 13.解析:选 B。从后面的 Presently she is still alone and lonely.可知,这个女孩对 于重新获得幸福没有信心,因此现在仍然孑然一身。 14.解析:选 C。结合后面的 two children 可知,另外一个女孩成了两个孩子的母亲。 15.解析:选 B。从后面的 their school age 可知,孩子们到了上学的年龄。 16.解析:选 A。结合前面的 gained graduate 和后面的 for accounting 可知,获得了毕 业证书。 17.解析:选 C。结合上文的描述,这个女孩婚姻幸福,家庭美满,因此生活是令人满意的。 18.解析:选 D。与前面的 career 和后面的 social circle 呼应,指她拥有一份好工作, 很好的家庭生活和社交圈。 19.解析:选 C。与前面的 Life seems to have been kind to her.对比,指她自己创造了 幸福。 20.解析:选 A。与前面的 longer distance 对比,指生活就像长跑,跑得越远,起点就越 不重要。 Ⅳ.短文改错 Kunming is a famous city with long history.Locating in the southwest of China,
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it is the capital city of Yunnan Province,that is called “the Spring City”.It is said that Kunming got it’s name over 2,000 years ago and it had never changed since then.There is a large number of famous cultural and natural sites here,which have always been attraction to tourists from around the world.Tourists come not only to see the historically sites,but also because that it has beautiful scenery.A walk along the sides of the beautiful Dianchi Lake will offer a feast for everyone’s eyes.On a word,Kunming,as a famous saying goes,is a city which you will not want to leave once you have come. 答案: Locating ∧ Kunming is a famous city with a long history. in the southwest of China, Located that it is the capital city of Yunnan Province, is called “the Spring City”.It which is said that Kunming got since then.There it’s had name over 2,000 years ago and it never changed its has

is a large number of famous cultural and natural sites here, are attraction to tourists from around the world. attractions historically sites,but also because that it has historical

which have always been

Tourists come not only to see the

beautiful scenery.A walk along the sides of the beautiful Dianchi Lake will offer On a feast for everyone’s eyes. a word,Kunming,as a famous saying goes,is a city In which you will not want to leave once you have come.

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