台州中学 2014 学年第二学期第一次统练试题 高二
卷 I （选择题 满分 69 分）
一、 听力（共两节,满分 16 分） 第一节（每小题 1 分, 满分 5 分） 听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最
佳选 项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有 10 秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下 一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。 1. When will the meeting start? A. At 10:00 a.m. B. It has been canceled. C. When Ted returns to work. 2. What does the woman mean? A. The man can eat a lot. B. She is crazy about eating. C. The man once was a world champion. 3. Who is the patient? A. The woman. B. The woman’s daughter. C. The woman’s mother. 4. What is the problem? A. The ship arrived too early. B. The shipment is late. C. Jerry is going to lose his job. 5. What is true about the cat? A. It’s a male cat. B. It belongs to the woman. C. Its owner is out of town. 第二节（每小题 1 分, 满分 12 分） 听下面一段对话，回答第 6 和第 7 小题。 6. What does the woman ask the man to do? A. Inform her about his being late. B. Remember to set the alarm clock. C. Help her make some new rules. 7. How does the woman sound? A. Angry. B. Anxious. C. Confident. 听下面一段对话，回答第 8 至第 10 小题。 8. What does the man say about the red dress? A. It’s on sale. B. It looks good on the woman. C. He doesn’t have any in the woman’s size right now. 9. Which dress does the woman finally take? A. The black one. B. The purple one. C. The blue one. 10. How will the woman pay? A. In cash. B. With a check. C. With a credit card. 听下面一段对话，回答第 11 至 13 小题。 11. When does the conversation take place?
A. At breakfast time. B. At lunchtime. C. At dinnertime. 12. What will the woman eat? A. Some soup. B. Some spaghetti. C. A sandwich. 13. What is true about the restaurant? A. They serve no meat. B. It has a glass roof. C. It is located next to a factory. 听下面一段对话，回答第至 14 至 16 小题。 14. What sport might the woman like? A. Bowling. B. Golf. C. Football. 15. What does the man think of Tiger Woods? A. He is great. B. He needs to work harder. C. He doesn’t know a lot about sports. 16. Why does the man want to end the conversation? A. He needs to do some sports. B. He is getting late for work. C. He and the woman have different opinions. 二、 单项填空（共 14 小题；每小题 0.5 分, 满分 7 分） 从 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 17. On ______whole, Tom is ______ most aggressive person.. A. a; the B. /; a C. the; a D. the; the
18. China made its firm ____ to cut carbon emissions in 2009. A. commitment B. project C. competition D. comprehension
19. —Does the idea of working abroad________you? —Yes. But I have no chance. A. lead to B. adapt to C. appeal to D. contribute to
20.If I can help_______, I don't like working late into the night. A. so B. that C. them D. it
21. The date for the next round six-party talk ________ but whether progress will be made remains ___________. A. has agreed; to be seen B. has been decided on; to be seen
C. has been reached; being seen D. has been determined on; being seen 22. We should think hard ________ human activity has caused greenhouse effect. A. it is how that B. how it is that C. that how is it D. how is it that
23. He being a child of ________ intelligence，expecting too much of him will make him nervous. A．average B．slight C．usual D．common
24. _________ energy are abused in our daily life, only causing waste. A. Plenty of B. Quantities of C. A good many D. An amount of
25. No one can________how the election will turn out, as there are many unknown facts. A. protect B. prepare C. prevent D.predict
26. The head office of the bank is in Beijing, but it has ______ all over the country. A．companies B．branches C．organizations D．businesses
27 ． All the students are looking forward to the first________to take the College Entrance Examinations. A．measure B．purpose C．attempt D．desire
28．My money ________. I must go to the bank to draw some of my savings out before I've none in hand. A．has run out B．is being running out C．has been run out D．is running out
29. — _____ he come to see you as he promised? — Of course．And I'd rather he ______ me the truth. A．Shall；told B．Will；inform C．Can；cover D．Should；would tell
30. It is generally believed that constant reading and comprehending can ______ our mental ability of comprehension. A. approve B. effect C. strengthen D. decide
三、 完形填空（共 16 小题；每小题 1 分,满分 16 分） 阅读下面短文,从短文后所给各题的四个选项（A、B、C 和 D）中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳 选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 I have recently moved across the country to the West Coast. I started feeling a little __31__ and missing my friends and family. I'm an extrovert(外向型人)and I love to__32_; that's why I enjoy going to school so much— it gives me the _33___ to meet new and different people. I love talking with and learning about people from different ways of life，religions and age groups. The elderly and children are the most interesting to me. The elderly can tell me all about everything __34__ children look at everything with __35__ full of wonder. Recently，while riding a bus I struck up a(n)__ 36 _ with an elderly woman who had been born and __37__ in the Pacific North West. She had so many stories about the area and how it had once been. I __38__ had a wonderful time talking to her. A few days later，I got ___39_ the bus and there she was again. She smiled when she saw me and patted the __40__ next to her. I sat with her and we
picked up the conversation where we had __41__. Over the next few days whenever I got on the bus she was _42__ there and we would talk. I have returned to work and have been __43__ an earlier bus and haven't seen __44__ of my “new old friend”．Then I __45_ her at the transit(运输)station and she cheered up. This really __46__ my heart. Finally my “new old friend” asked me if she may have my number so that we could chat when she didn't have the pleasure to see me on the bus. 31 32. 33. 34. 35. 36. 37. 38. 39. 40. 41. 42. 43. 44. 45. 46. A. lonely A. work A. discovery A. when A. actions A. agreement A. risen A. freely A. on A. room A. left out A. seldom A. getting A. much A. went with A. moved B. friendly B. talk B. explanation B. after B. opinions B.determination B. lifted B. patiently B. in B. space B. left off B. never B. making B. lots B. ran into B. drove C. fresh C. travel C.organization C. while C. eyes C. conclusion C. raised C. eagerly C. off C. bus C. left on C. always C. putting C. little C. talked with C. touched D. happy D. walk D. opportunity D. before D. hearts D.conversation D. depended D. truly D. by D. seat D. left behind D. yet D. taking D. many D. got into D. hurt
四、 阅读理解（共两节,满分 30 分） 第一节：阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项（A、B、C 和 D）中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡 上将该项涂黑。 A China is going green. In order to reduce air pollution and oil-shortages, automobile manufacturers have announced their plans to develop hybrid vehicles (混合燃料汽车) for the Chinese market. Toyota’s hybrid car Prius will be ready to drive in China this week. Let ’s have a look at the new car. Any vehicle is a hybrid when it combines two or more sources of power. Hybrid cars run off a rechargeable battery and gasoline. Hybrid cars have special engines, which are smaller than traditional gasoline engines. They run at 99 percent of their power when the car is cruising (匀速行 驶). A specially designed battery motor provides extra power for running up hills or when extra acceleration（加速） is needed. Step into a Prius, and turn on the engine. The first thing you notice is how much quieter it is than a traditional car. At this point, the car ’s gasoline engine is dormant (休眠). The electric motor will provide power until the car reaches about 24 km/h. If you stay at a low speed, you are effectively driving an electric car, with no gasoline being used, and no waste gas gives off.
The onboard (车载的) computer makes the decision about when to use a gas engine, when to go electric, and when to use a combination of the two. If you go over 24 km/h, when you step on the gas pedal (油门), you are actually telling the computer how fast you want to go. The electronic motor recharges automatically using a set of batteries. When driving at high speed, the gasoline engine not only powers the car, but also charges the batteries. Any time you use the brake, the electric motor in the wheels will work like a generator（发电机） and produce electricity to recharge the batteries. As a consequence, the car ’s batteries will last for around 200,000 miles. 47. The author writes this passage mainly to ________. A. teach people how to drive a hybrid car B. introduce a new kind of “green” car C. show how to save their gasoline when driving a car D. announce plans to develop hybrid vehicles for China 48. The first sentence probably refers to ________. A. there will be more and more green land in China B. China is still young and lacking experience C. China’s new cars are combinations of different green models D. China has started producing environmentally friendly cars 49. Which of the followings is NOT true? A. The hybrid cars reduce air pollution and oil-shortages. B. The car ’s gasoline engine doesn’t work until it reaches about 24 km/h. C. This kind of car is completely controlled by an onboard computer. D. A specially designed battery motor provides extra power when needed. 50. What is the MOST important feature of hybrid cars? A. They are powered by both a rechargeable battery and gasoline. B. They are much quieter than traditional cars. C. They only use 99 percent of their power to run up hills. D. They have smaller engines than traditional gasoline ones.
You can never be too sure these days in the United States of your neighbors or even your customers! Try to keep a low profile (姿态) in your neighborhood: Don’t announce to everyone that you are running a home business with thousands of dollars worth of equipment. As much as possible, do not invite clients (客户) or visitors to your home. In fact, I know of some home?based entrepreneurs (企业家) who would rather meet their clients in a neutral ground, e.g. the client ’s office or even Starbucks. There are other ways to keep burglars away from your house. ?Keep lights on around your house in the evenings. Light is a natural fright for burglars. ?Invest in a security alarm, particularly if your house is located at a remote spot. Security systems can often bring down the cost of your homeowner ’s premium (保险费). ?Make sure that all windows and doors are locked and the security alarm turned on before you sleep at night or go out of the house. Avoid keeping house keys in obvious places, such as under the lamp or on top of the doorframe. ? Adding an additional lock will provide extra security when you are home. The dead ? lock, sometimes called an “exit only deadbolt ”is a deadbolt that does not have an external (外部的) key. It is clearly visible on the door from the outside, but cannot be broken into without destroying the door, frame or lock itself. While this security won’t help directly when you aren’t home, the visibility may discourage an intruder from trying the door. ?Your door itself should be made of strong materials, such as oneinch thick solid hardwood or heavy metal. 51.The advice given by the writer in the passage focuses on ________. A. how to make your house safe from burglars B. what to do when your house is broken into D. how to run a home business
C. how to improve social security in the United States
52.Some home?based entrepreneurs do not invite clients to their home ________. A. to enjoy convenience outside their home C. not to let others know about their business B. for the safety of their property D. in order to avoid being seen by burglars
53. All the following are part of the writer ’s advice except that the homeowner ________. A. buy a security alarm and turn it on in the evening B. fix an extra lock on the door from inside C. have the doors made of solid hardwood or heavy metal
D. keep lights on in all rooms to threaten burglars 54.What does the underlined word “ intruder ” most probably mean in the passage? A. Someone who is invited for a visit. B. Someone who illegally enters the home. C. Someone who pays regular visits to the home. D. Someone who tries to destroy the lock. C I am truly saddened about what is going on in my school district, especially in the school where I am currently working. Why are so many students not doing well? Why is there such a huge achievement gap between urban and suburban students? Just this week, in my school the seventh grade team leader called a meeting to discuss academic detention (放学后留校). The purpose of the detention is to allow students who are doing poorly a second chance to redo the work. Now if a student did not understand an assignment, I have no trouble allowing that student to redo a test or give some extra credit work, but if a student did poorly because he/she opted(选择) not to do the work out of sheer laziness, that student should not be given a second chance. And parents should be responsible for their children. That is another reason why there is such a huge achievement gap. All children should be monitored at home in order to achieve great success in school. Perhaps it might be a great idea for urban school districts to offer free classes to parents on how to help their students at home. Of course this idea is far-fetched(靠不住的,牵强的), after all we do not want to offend the parents. What we will do instead is to spend a large amount of money on teacher training because if the kids are not doing well it must be the fault of the teacher. That kind of mindset, if allowed to continue will be a perfect recipe for greater achievement gaps. I started working at my current school in August and I have been in the teaching field for 25 years. What I believe is that you can lead a horse to water but you can't make that horse drink. You can't force kids to change bad habits overnight, nor can we afford to lower standards just so a kid can pass a class. 55. The seventh grade team leader in the author's school called a meeting to ________.
A．analyse the reason for the huge achievement gap between students B．find out who is to blame for the huge achievement gap between students C．talk about giving students who are doing poorly a second chance to redo the work D．discuss how to narrow the huge achievement gap between students 56．The author believes that a student can be given a second chance ________. A．if he did poorly the first time B．for whatever reason he did poorly the first time C．if he failed the first time in spite of his efforts D．if he comes from a suburban area 57．In the last paragraph, the author intends to tell us that ________. A．a student can make improvement only when he is willing to B．teachers are to blame if his students are doing poorly C．the school should force those students to work harder if they're doing poorly D．the school should treat different students with different standards D Amy Chua may well be very nuts. What kind of a mother will drag her then 7-year-old daughter’s dollhouse out to the car and tell her that it is going to be donated if the poor kid doesn’t master a difficult piano composition by the next day? What kind of a mother will inform her daughter that she is nothing but “garbage”? And what kind of mother will believe, as Chua tells readers, that “an A- is not always a good grade”? The only activities her children should be permitted to do are those in which they can finally win a medal, which must be gold. What kind of a mother is she? Why, a mother who is raising her kids in the typical Chinese way, rather than the Western way. In her new book, Battle Hymn of the Tiger Mother, Chua tells her adventures in Chinese parenting. There is another attractive aspect of Battle Hymn of the Tiger Mother. There are methods to Chua’s madness, enough method to arouse self-doubt in those readers who support the more educating parenting styles. It is trusted that Battle Hymn of the Tiger Mother is going to be a book club and parenting blog phenomenon; there will be heated debate over Chua’s tough love strategies, which include unchangeable bans on such Western indulgences (纵容) as sleepovers(夜
不归宿的人们), play dates, and any after class activities except practicing musical instruments, which must be limited between the violin or the piano. The back story to Chua’s book is this — she is the daughter of a couple of Chinese immigrants and is now a professor at Yale Law School and the author of two best-selling “big-think” books on “free-market democracy” and “the fall of empires”. When Chua married her husband, her fellow Yale law professor and a novelist Jed Rubenfeld, they agreed that their children would be brought up in “the Chinese way,” in which punishingly hard work, enforced by parents produces excellence; excellence, in turn, produces satisfaction. The success of this strategy is hard to debate. Their older daughter is a piano talent who played at Carnegie Hall when she was 14 or so. The second, a more rebellious (叛逆的) daughter, Lulu, is a gifted violinist. Chua rode the girls hard, making sure they practiced at least three hours a day even on vacations, when she would call ahead to arrange access to practice in hotel lobby bars and basement storage rooms. Chua also rarely refrained (抑制) from criticizing her daughters. She explains: Chinese parents can do things that would seem unimaginable to Westerners. Chinese mothers can say to their daughters, “Hey so fatty, lose some weight.” By contrast, Western parents have to tiptoe around the issue, talking in terms of "health" and never ever mentioning the f-word, and their kids still end up in treatment for eating disorders and negative self-image. ... Western parents are concerned about their children’s minds. Chinese parents aren’t. 58. The underlined word “nuts” in the first and second paragraphs most probably means _______. A. intelligent B. crazy C. difficult D. eager
59. Which of the following practices are tough love strategies EXCEPT _______. A. Children must get a medal if they attend a competition B. Children should practice piano even on holidays. C. Children are indulged to sleepover, play dates, etc. D. Children are called “garbage” or “fatty” 60. What’s the writer’s purpose of using the example of “weight problem”？ A. To show Chinese parents can do unimaginable things. B. To make a comparison between Western and Chinese mothers. C. To make us believe the western way of parenting is much better. D. To show that Chinese mothers care more about their children.
61. From the passage we can learn that Chua’s way of parenting is _______. A. widely acceptable B. very traditional C. quite controversial D. out of date
62. Which is the main idea of the passage? A. The Chinese way of parenting has its advantages. B. Battle Hymn of the Tiger Mother is a best seller. C. The westerners are not good at raising children. D. Tiger mothers raise their children in the Chinese way. 第二节：下面文章有 4 处（第 63～66 题）需要添加小标题。请从以下选项（A、B、C、D 和 E） 中选出符合各段意思的小标题，并在答题纸上将相应选项的标号涂黑。选项中有一项是多余 选项。 A. B. C. D. E. 63. A study of art history might be a good way to learn more about a culture than is possible to learn in general history classes. Most typical history courses concentrate on politics, economics and war. But art history focuses on much more than this because art reflects not only the political values of a people, but also religious beliefs, emotions, and psychology. 64. In history books, objective information about the political life of a country is presented; that is, facts about politics are given, but opinions are not expressed. Art, on the other hand, is subjective: it reflects emotions and opinions. The great Spanish painter Francisco Goya was perhaps the first truly “political” artist. In his well-known painting The Third of May 1808, he criticized the Spanish government for its misuse of power over people. Over a hundred years later, symbolic images were used in Pablo Picasso’s Guernica to express the horror of war. Meanwhile, on another contine nt, the powerful paintings of Diego Rivera, Jose Clemente Orozco, and David Alfaro Siqueiros – as well as the works of Alfredo Ramos Martins – depicted these Mexican artists’ deep anger and sadness about social problems. 65. In the same way, art can reflect a culture’s religious beliefs. For hundreds of years in Europe, religious art was almost the only type of art that existed. Churches and other religious buildings were filled with paintings that depicted people and stories from the Bible. Although most people couldn’t read, they could still understand biblical stories in the pictures on church walls. 66. By contrast, one of the main characteristics of art in the Middle East was (and still is) its absence of human and animal images. This reflects the Islamic belief that statues are unholy. That’s
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There are few statues in the Middle East. Art is a good means for people to know about religions. Artists express their feelings and opinions in their works. People know more about our culture through learning art history. Art is more objective than history itself.
why no figures can be found in or around places of interest in these regions.
满分 31 分)
五、单词拼写（共 8 小题；每小题 0.5 分,满分 4 分）
根据下列句子所给单词的首字母或中文,写出各单词的正确形式（每空限填一词） 。 67. He explained the a_________ word to the children with a concrete story. 68. When a______ herself to getting up early, she stuck to her early- to- bed schedule. 69. E______ the child will leave home to lead his own life as a fully independent adult. 70. Food shortages were w_____ in the area after the earthquake hit it. 71. To have hills______ (转变) into fields is extremely challenging. 72. Earthquakes happen when _____(压力) in rock are suddenly released as the rocks break. 73. The students can express a _________ (偏好) for the school they are to attend. 74. Large numbers of young people have _____(涌入) into the area in search of jobs. 六、 按照课文内容填空 （共 8 小题；每小题 0.5 分,满分 4 分） 阅读下面的短文,在标有序号的空白处填入一个适当的词,或填入括号中动词的适当形式。 It’s easy for you to start smoking, but _75__you become addicted to it, you may find it __76__to stop smoking. Firstly, you may become __77_ addicted to nicotine, one of the hundreds of harmful chemicals _78__(consist) in cigarettes. When the drug leaves your body, you get withdrawal symptoms. Secondly, you get addicted __79__ habit. __80__ is, if you do the same thing repeatedly, you begin to do it __81__. Lastly, you become mentally addicted to it, when you may believe that you will only feel good when you smoke and may find all kinds of negative emotions in you when you stop smoking. Smoking may have all kinds of harmful effects on the health of both the smokers themselves and non-smokers around them. So it is time that smokers __82__(quit) smoking.
七、短文改错 （共 8 小题；每小题 1 分,满分 8 分） 短文中共有 8 处错误,每行中最多有两处。错误涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加：在缺词处加一个漏词符号（/\）,并在此符号下面写出该加的词。 删除：把多余的词用斜线（\）划掉。 修改：在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意：1、每处错误及其修改均仅限一词；2、只允许修改 8 处,多者（从第 9 处起）不计分。 A thirst bee went to a river to drink, and was carried away by the run water. A kind bird picked a leaf off a tree and threw into the water in front of the bee. The bee climbed onto the leaf, and was brought safely to the land. The bee thank the bird for its kindness and flew away. Not long after, the bird was sitting in a branch when a man aimed his gun at it. But the bee saw that the man was doing. So it flew into the man’s eye and hurt him. The pain was so great that he could not shoot at
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the bird, and the bird flew away. In the way, the bee whose life had been saved by the bird, and was able to save the life of the bird. 八、书面表达 （满分 15 分） 目前青少年压力过大，为排解压力一些青少年染上了一些恶习，如吸烟，饮酒等，请你以学 生会的名义参照以下提示用英语写一封倡议书，呼吁中学生要“养成好习惯，健康过生活”。写 作要点如下： 1. 青少年中存在的恶习以及它们的危害。 2. 好习惯的重要性和必要性。 3. 呼吁你校学生养成好习惯，过健康生活。 注意：1. 词数 100-120。 2. 开头已给你写好不计入总数。 3. 适当增加细节，使文章内容充实，连贯。 Dear students, In the present world, we teenagers are living under great pressure. ____________________ ___________________________________________________________________________
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台州中学 2014 学年第二学期第一次统练参考答案 高二
听力 1-5 CABBC 单项 17- 20 CACD 完型 31-35 ABDCC 阅读 47-50 BDCA 单词拼写 67. abstract 71.transformed 68. accustoming 72.stresses 69. Eventually 73.preference 70. widespread 74. flooded 6-10 AACBA 11-15 BCACA
21-15 BBABD 26-30 BCDAC 36-40 DCDAD 41-45BCDAB 46 C 51-54ABDB 55-57 CCA 58-62 BCBCD 63-66 DCBA
75. Once 80. That 改错 76. tough/ hard/difficult 81. automatically 77. physically 78. consisting 79. through
82. quitted /should quit
1. thirst→thirsty in→on
2. run→running 3. threw 后面加 it 7. In the way→In this way
4. thank---thanked 8. and 去掉
Dear students, In the present world, we teenagers are living under great pressure. As a result, in order to relieve the stress, some of us have developed bad habits, such as smoking and drinking, which are not only bad for our health but also can do harm to our society. Besides, some students prefer junk food, causing weight problem（obesity). What ’s worse, some are even addicted to the net at the cost of their studies and future. Facing such serious situations, we’ll have to get rid of bad habits and form good ones, which is necessary and urgent. As we know, doing sports, reading , living positively are all good habits and only by forming good habits can we be happy and make achievements. It is well-known that it is good habits that lead many people to succeed. Dear follow students, let ’s take action right now and keep physically and mentally healthy and form good habits . I believe they will benefit us all our lives!
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