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吉林省长春市2015-2016学年高二上学期期末测试英语试卷 Word版含答案.doc


长春市2015——2016学年度第一学期期末试卷 高二年级英语
考 生 须 知 一、阅读理解(共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出最佳选项。 A Habits, whether good or bad, are gradually formed. When a person does a certain thing again, he is driven by some unseen force to do the same thing repeatedly, then a habit is formed. Once a habit is formed, it is difficult, and sometimes impossible, to get rid of. It is therefore very important that we should pay great attention to the formation of habits. Children often form bad habits, some of which remain with them as long as they live. Older persons also form bad habits lasting as long as they live, and sometimes become ruined by them. There are other habits which, when formed in early life, are of great help. Many successful men say that much of their success has something to do with certain habits in early life, such as early rising, honesty and so on. Among the habits which children should not form are laziness, lying, stealing and so on. These are all easily formed habits. Unfortunately older persons often form habits which could have been avoided . We should keep away from all these bad habits, and try to form such habits as will be good for ourselves and others. ? ? 本试卷共8页,共六道大题,50道小题,满分100分。 考试时间90分钟。

1. ________ are formed little by little. A. Good habits B. Bad habits C. Both good habits and bad habits D. Either good habits or bad habits

2. The underlined word "them" in the first paragraph refers to ________. A. bad habits C. children B. good habits D. other persons.

3. Why should we pay much attention to the formation of habits? A. Because habits are of great help to every one of us. B. Because a man can never get rid of a habit. C. Because it's hard and sometimes even impossible to throw away bad habits. D. Because we are forced to do them again and again. 4. According to the passage, early rising ________. A. has something to do with success B. is an easily formed habit C. is such a habit as should have been avoided D. is such a habit as will be kept B The child of today owes much of its pleasant school life to the work of Maria Montessori and others who felt as she did. Maria Montessori was born in 1870 in northern Italy. Both her parents were well educated. While Maria was a student, she took great interest in the study of the particular nature of the child's mind. It came to her that small children should have freedom to learn. Maria became a doctor and a professor at Rome University. In 1907, after working with backward students, she was given a chance to try out her ideas on children. There were sixty children, aged three to six, in the Children's House. The rooms were bright and colorful. Maria let the children make their own choice of what they wanted to do and work with their own speed. They became busy, peaceful and happy. Maria Montessori was one of the world's great teachers. She traveled in Europe, America and Far East. She thought that true education, providing(提供) for the real needs of the child, would produce wise and happy grown-ups and therefore a peaceful world. Her original way of education has changed our whole idea of what childhood is. Maria Montessori died in Holland at the age of eighty-two.

5. The short passage is mainly about A. the education of backward students B. a new idea of education C. the importance of proper education D. the life of Maria Montessori 6. Maria traveled a lot in the world to A. teach the backward students C. spread her ideas of teaching

.

. B. enjoy her life in real nature D. study the situation of education

7. In what way did Maria teach the children in the Children's House? A. She taught them the best way of learning well. B. She let them learn in a very pleasant way. C. She taught them by showing them how to do things. D. She just let them choose the most interesting subjects. 8. We learn from the passage that ________. A. Maria left her homeland in order to study abroad B. Maria didn't get married C. Maria's own parents were her teachers D. Maria fully understood the child's mind C (A) For Sale Chinese-made bicycle Good condition

Zhang Ying 306, dormitory 4

(B) Needed 25-year-old woman Lan Fleming 900 yuan a month 422-389506 speak good English

(C) Roommate Wanted Male( 男 )---English native speaker wanted to share A 2-bedroom apartment near

campus ,washer, dryer, kitchen Call Li Ming, 228-940605 Any evening after 5

(D) Lost Black briefcase (公文包) with 3 books on physics Call: John Smith 843-316065

(E)Wanted to Rent One-bedroom apartment from Feb.1 through June ,better near campus(校园) Call Robert Waller 843-429065

(F) Found Brown briefcase with some money See: Joseph Hofman in Chemistry Dept (系)

9. You can call Zhang Ying if you want to _________________ . A. sell a bike C. have your bike repaired B. buy a bike D. borrow a bike

10. If you want to find a job, and you can speak English, you can call ____________ A. 843-429065 B. 228-940605 C. 843-316065 D. 422-389506

11. One of the reasons why Li Ming wants someone to share his room is that __________. A. he wants to live near the campus B. he wants to improve his English C. he wants his washer, dryer and kitchen to be used D. he wants someone to use his kitchen 12. Robert Waller wishes to rent a room__________________ . A. near the school C. inside the school B. far away from the school D. outside the city

D In 1826, a Frenchman named Niepce needed pictures for his business .But he was not a good artist .So he invented a very simple camera .He put it in a window of his house and took a picture of his garden .That was the first photo. The next important date in the history of photography (摄影术) was in 1837. That year, Daguere, another Frenchman ,took a picture of his reading room .He used a new kind of camera in a different way. In his picture you could see everything very clearly, even the smallest thing. This kind of photo was called a Daguerreotype. Soon, other people began to use Daguerre’s way. Travelers brought back wonderful photos from all around the world .people took pictures of famous buildings, cities and mountains. In about 1840, photography was developed .Then photographers could take picture of people and moving things .That was not simple .The photographers had to carry a lot of films and other machines. But this did not stop them ,for example, some in the United States worked so hard. Mathew Brady was a famous American photographer. He took many pictures of great people .The picture were unusual because they were very lifelike(栩栩如生的) Photographers also became one kind of art by the end of the 19th century .Some photos were not just copies of the real world .They showed feelings, like other kinds of art.

13. The first photo taken by Niepce was a picture of ____________ A. his business B. his house C. his garden D. his window

14. The Daguerrotype was____________. A. a Frenchman C. a kind of camera B. a photographer D. a kind of picture

15. If a photographer wanted to take pictures of moving things in the year of 1840, he had to_________. A. watch lots of films C. stop in most cities B. buy an expensive camera D. take many films and something else with him.

二、七选五(共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分) 根据短文内容, 从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。 选项中有两项为多余选项。

16

. We are taught how to hold a knife and fork and not to talk with our mouths

full. We are taught how to shake hands and when to stand and when to sit and the way to introduce people. 17 . Almost everywhere eating together means that people are very friendly to each

other. But in parts of Polynesia (波利尼西亚) it is bad manners to be seen eating beside each other. So they politely turn their backs to each other when they are taking food. Some East Africans spit (吐痰) four times as a kind of blessing (祝福) . They do it to show that they want a sick person to get well,or to bless a new-born baby. 18 . It

usually shows an unhealthy habit. In many countries,it may mean that you hate someone. When we go to visit someone we say“Hello!”or” How are you?" or things like that. But if you are visiting an East African village,everyone will be very careful not to pay attention to you. The polite thing there will be for you to go quietly,without speaking to anyone, and sit beside your friend. 19 .

In a village in Arab,a visitor will walk behind all the tents until he gets to the one he wants to visit. If he passes in front , he will be invited into each tent and asked to eat. 20 .

A. It is rude to refuse B. It’s a big country with different customs. C. In most other places,spitting means something completely different D. Eating quickly is a bad habit. E. From the time we were babies we have been taught manners F.You should wait until he has finished what he is doing and then he will begin talking to you G. Sometimes good manners in one place are very bad manners somewhere else 三、完形填空(共20小题;每小题1分,满分20分) Tom was crossing the road the other day when he saw a red car coming in the distance. He thought the car would ___21__, as the lights had turned red. ___22__, the car was going too ___23_ and Tom soon ___24__ that it couldn’t stop in time. He ___25__ to move out of its ___26__ but it was too late. Tom was __27__ down by the red car and lay ___28__ dead on the

road. Passers-by ___29___ went to him and an ambulance (救护车) was ___30__for. The driver of the red car didn’t stop, __31__one of the men had written down the ___32__ of the car, which he ___33__ to the police who arrived at the site(现场). At the same time, Tom was taken to the ___34__ and his parents were called for. They were very ___35__ to hear of the accident and quickly rushed to his __36_. For three days Tom was not able to feel or think and his parents were worried that he ___37__ die. But on the fourth day Tom __38__ and spoke softly. His parents were ___39__. The police by then had ___40__ the owner of the car and caught hold of him at last.

21. A. start 22. A. Unfortunately 23. A. fast 24. A. understood 25. A. tried 26. A. road 27. A. put 28. A. almost 29. A. slowly 30.A. looked 31.A. but 32.A. type 33.A. took 34.A. station 35.A. angry 36.A. head 37.A. must 38.A. felt sick 39.A. surprised 40.A. noticed

B. stop B. Obviously B. slow B. realized B. managed B. path B. knocked B. already B. calmly B. called B. and B. name B. gave B. school B. sad B. side B. might B. got up B. calm B. grasped

C. move C. Besides C. far C. knew C. failed C. door C. laid C. still C. quickly C. sent C. or C. number C. posted C. hospital C. surprised C. body C. could C. fell asleep C. glad C. heard

D. break D. However D. late D. recognized D. was able D. way D. thrown D. obviously D. carefully D. asked D. so D. address D. sent D. home D. disappointed D. hospital D. should D. woke up D. puzzled D. followed

四、语法填空(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)

Dear Tom, How are you doing? You summer vacation. I am sorry that I didn’t soon as I received it. 44 42 _ delay. How I wish I 43 (read) and reply your email as 45 is 41 (ask) me in your last letter about my plan for the coming

, I was busy preparing for my final exam at that time, 46

vital for me. As a result, I had no choice but believe that if you 47

(focus) on my study completely. I

(be) me, you would make the same choice。

By the way, I have a busy schedule for my summer vacation. First and foremost, I would do a part time job, so that my interpersonal skills 48 (improve). Additionally, I will take a short 49 (little),

trip to Beijing to take a summer course in the New Oriental School. Last but not maybe I will work as a volunteer for the school as a teaching assistant. These are my plan for the summer vacation. What’s yours? I am looking earliest reply. 41. 42. 43. 44. 45.

50__to your

46.

47.

48.

49.

50.

五、短文改错(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分) 文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。错误涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除:把多余的词作斜线(\)划掉。 修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意:1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词; 2. 只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。 When tea and coffee was first introduced to Europe in 18 th century, people thought that they were harmfully. So the king of Sweden decided to find out whether this was true or not. It happened that there had two brothers who were in prison at the time. The king ordered one of them drink tea every day and the other coffee. Both of them live many years without any problem. At last the one who had drank tea every day died at the age of 83 and the ot hers one lived even long. Because of this, Sweden is today one of the countries that many people

enjoy drinking tea and coffee. 六、书面表达(满分20分) 李平的父亲有位美国同事, 他的孩子约翰史密斯下个月来华。 约翰写信向李平询问一些有关 李平所在城市的问题。李平回信,内容如下: 1、得知约翰要来非常高兴。告诉他可能遇到一些不同于美国的情况。 2、气候:冬天冷,有时下雪。夏天几乎不下雨,但一下起来就很大。提醒约翰带雨衣、棉 衣。 3、饮食:饮食与美国很不同,他应尽力适应中国饮食,并要学会如何使用筷子。 4、最后,请他带一张美国地图,希望早日能见面。 字数:100—120个词。 参考词汇:筷子chopsticks

高二年级英语参考答案及评分标准

一、 阅读理解 (共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分) 1-4 CACD 5-8 DCBD

9-12 BDBA

13-15 C D D

二、七选五(共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)

16—20 EGCFA

三、完形填空(共20小题;每小题1分,满分20分) 21---25 BDABA 26---30 DBACB 31---35 ACBCC 36---40 BBDCD

四、语法填空(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分) 41.asked 46.to focus 42.without 47.were 43.would read 44.However 49.least 45.which 50.forward

48.would be improved

五、短文改错(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)

When tea and coffee was first introduced to Europe in ∧18th century, people were the

thought that they were harmfully. So the king of Sweden decided to find out harmful whether this was true or not. It happened that there had two brothers who were in were prison at the time.The king ordered one of them∧drink tea every day and the other to coffee. Both of them live many years without any problem. At last the one lived who had drank tea every day died at the age of 83 and the others one drunk other

lived even long. Because of this, Sweden is today one of the countries that many longer people enjoy drinking tea and coffee. where

六、书面表达(满分20分) Dear John, I was excited to hear that you would come to China next month. Now let me tell you something different you may meet here. To begin with, the weather here is totally different from that in your

place. It hardly ever rains but whenever it does, it rains heavily. So you’d better bring a raincoat and overcoat. Another big difference is food. The Chinese food is quite different from yours. You have to try to get used to it, and learn how to use chopsticks. I’m sure you can do it. Finally please bring me a big American map if possible. Thank you very much. I am looking forward to meeting you. Yours Li Ping


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