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七下 Unit 1 where's your pen pal from 复习


Unit 13 where’s your pen pal from
一、高频单词 country ['k?ntr?] n. 国家;故乡 拓展:1)country 是可数名词,表示“国家” ,侧重“疆土”之意,如:He loves his country. 他热爱自己的国家。 country 前面加 the 还可以表示 “郊外; 乡村” 相当于 countryside, I've always , 如: wanted to live in the country. 我一直想在乡下。 2)辨析 country,nation,state 和 land 这四个词在作“国家”解时是近义词,但侧重点不同。country 侧重版图、疆域, 意为“国家;国土” 。nation 侧重人民、国民、民族,意为“民族;国家” 。state 侧重政权、政体,意为“国家;政府” 。land 意为“国土;国家” ,带有感情色彩, 多用于文学作品中。 3)常用搭配: in western countries 在西方国家 mother country 祖国 developing country 发展中国家 developed country 发达国家 country life 乡村生活 country girl 乡下女孩 country music 乡村音乐 all over the country 全国 例句:The company has branches in 15 countries. 这家公司在十五个国家有分公 司。

live [l?v] v. 居住 拓展: live 常用作不及物动词, 1) 表示 “居住” 意思。 如: lives about ten miles She from my house. 她的住所离我家大约有十英里远。如果要表示“在旅馆或朋友家 暂住几天” 应用 stay, , 不能用 live。 Where will you stay while you are in London? 如: 在伦敦时你将住在哪儿? 除非用以表示临时居住,或强调现在居住,通常 live 不用进行时形式,如:He's living in Beijing now, but will move to Wuhan soon. 他现在住在北京,但很快就要 到武汉了。 live 还可以用作及物动词,表示“过??的生活” ,如:He is living a happy life. 他 过着幸福的生活。这句话也可以说 He is living happily. 2)常用搭配: live in town 住在镇上 live in the country 住在乡下 live on 靠??生活 live a happy life 过着幸福的生活 live abroad 住在国外 例句:She lives in Beijing, but the rest of her family lives in Shanghai. 她住在北京, 家人则住在上海。 language ['l??gw?d?] n. 语言 拓展:1)language 表示“语言”之意,常用作不可数名词,如:For Singaporeans, English is their official language. 英语是新加坡人的官方语言。但在表示“不同种 类的语言”时,language 是可数名词,如:A: How many languages do you speak? 你会说几种语言?B: I speak three languages. 我会说 3 种语言。

注意: “说、讲某种语言”要用动词 speak,后面只用某种语言的具体名称即可, 不必再加 language。如:I speak English. 我会说英语。而不说:I speak English language. 2)常用搭配: body language 身体语言 working language 工作语言 written language 书面语言 spoken language 口语 the Chinese language 汉语 the English language 英语 world language 世界语 native language 母语 foreign language 外国语 finger / sign language 手语 mind your language 注意你的语言 例句: People in different countries speak different languages. 不同国家的人说不同 的语言。 world [w??ld] n. 世界 拓展:1)world 常与定冠词 the 连用,表示“世界;世间;世界上的人”等意。 如:What was the world like before there were any people in it? 在人类出现之前世 界是什么样子呢?One day I'd like to travel the world. 总有一天我要周游世界。 2)常用搭配: World Cup 世界杯;世界杯足球赛 all over the world 全界;普天下 this world 今世;今生 例句:You can send an e-mail message to somebody on the other side on the world in a few seconds. 在几秒钟之内你就能发送一封电子邮件给世界另一头的某个 人。 二、句型讲解
A.句型操练:

1 Where’s your pen pal from? = Where does your pen pal from/ 2 Where does he live? 3 What language(s) does he speak? 4 I want a pen pal in China. 5 I can speak English and a little French. 6 Please write and tell me about yourself. 7 Can you write to me soon? 8 I like going to the movies with my friends and playing sports.
B.句子破译:

1.――Where is your pen pal from? ――He is from Australia.

你的笔友来自哪里? 他来自澳大利亚。

(1)在是一个询问某人的籍贯或者来自何处的固定句型,意思是“某人来自哪 里?” 。where 是询问地点的特殊疑问词,它的意思是“哪里” ,就地点的提问, (2) from = come from, be 它的意思是 “来自??, 从??来” 例如: teacher 。 My is from Japan. = My teacher comes from Japan. 我的老师来自日本。 2. Where does he live? 他住在哪里? (1.)这是由特殊疑问词 where 引导的一个特殊疑问句,是用来询问某人住所的 句型。where 是副词和动词 live 搭配时,动词 live 的后面不用介词 in,但是 live 的后面用地点名词的时候要用介词 in。 (2.) 对这个特殊疑问句的回答可以是完整的句子, 也可以直接回答地名。 例如: Where does your teacher live? He lives in Beijing. 你的老师住在哪里? 他住在 北京。 (3.)live 与 stay 的区别 两者意思都有“住(呆)在某处”的意思。 live “长期居住在某处,生活在某处” Pandas live only in China. stay “短期暂住某处,逗留在某处” 3. What language does she speak? 她讲什么语言? She speaks English. 她讲英语。 What language + do/does +主语+speak? 4. I think China is a very interesting country. 我认为中国是一个很有趣的国家。 (1) 本句子的动词 think 的意思是 “思考、 认为” 它是一个不及物动词, think , 当 的后面用宾语的时候,经常用 that 引导的宾语从句,也可以用 sb.或者 sth. +宾 语补足语,宾语补足语可以是形容词、名词。 例如:I think you are our new teacher. 我认为你是我们的新老师。 (2)I think+宾语从句,它的否定句是“I don’t think +宾语从句” ,否定形式 不能出现在宾语从句中。 例如: think your mother will come here tomorrow. .我认 I 为你妈妈明天会来这里。否定句是:I don’t think your mother will come here tomorrow.我认为你妈妈明天不会来这里。 (3)interesting 和 interested。这两个都是形容词,interesting 是表示事物的本身 有兴趣,它可以作表语或者定语;interested 是表示某人对某物感兴趣,它的主 语是人,经常用 be interested in 中表示“对——感兴趣” 。例如:The film is very interesting that all of us are interested in it. 那部电影非常有兴趣以至于我们大家 都对它感兴趣。 5. I can speak English and a little French. 我会讲英语,也会讲一点法语。 (1)句子中的 can 是情态动词,它表示“能、会”的意思,它的后面用动词原 形。 例如: I can swim now. 我现在会游泳了。 Can you sing an English song for us ? 你能给我们唱一首英语歌曲吗、 (2) a little 一些,一点 跟不可数名词,表示肯定 Little 很少、几乎没有 跟不可数名词,表示否定的意思 a few 一些、一点 跟可数名词,表示肯定 few 很少,几乎没有 跟可数名词,表示否定
三、词语辨析

1、speak,say,talk 和 tell 的用法归纳 (1)speak 既可以作不及物动词也可以作及物动词,它的意思是“说、讲

话” 作及物动词的时候只能用某种语言作它的宾语。 , 例如: father is speaking. My 我的爸爸在讲话。My sister can speak French. 我的姐姐会说法语。 (2.)say 是及物动词,它的意思是“说、诉说” ,用系统的语言表达自己的 想法, 宾语是说话的内容而不是人。 例如: have nothing to say. 我无话可说。 I Can you say it in English? 你能用英语说吗? (3.)talk 表示“交谈、谈论”的意思,它的后面用 to 和 with+sb. 表示“与 某人谈话” 如果用 about 或者 of+sth. 表示 ; “谈论的内容” 例如: 。 What are you talking about? 你们在谈论什么? (4.)tell 的意思是“告诉、讲述” ,经常用动词短语 tell somebody to do something 表示“告诉某人做某事” ,用动词不定式作宾语补足语。例如:Please tell your brother not to swim here. 请 告 诉 你 弟 弟 不 要 在 这 里 游 泳 。 My Grandmother often tells me some stories. 我的奶奶经常给我讲故事。 2、have 与 there be have 和 there be 都表示 “有” have 表示“某人拥有----”强调二者之间是所属关系, “某人拥有某物” “某物归 属某人所有” ,如,I have some apples. there be 表示“某处有某人、某物” ,be 的形式根据其后的第一个名词的单复数 确定。如,There is pen and two pencils in the pencil-box. 3、like doing sth. 与 like to do sth. 的区别 like doing sth. 表示“喜欢做某事” ,侧重爱好和习惯。 like to do sth. 表示“喜欢做某事” ,侧重某此具体的动作,常指偶然性的。 I like playing basketball, but I don’t like to play basketball in such hot weather. 4、some 与 any 的区别
some 一般用在肯定句中,可以修饰可数名词也可修饰不可数名词。 1)杯子里有一些水。 There’s some water in the cup. any 一般用在否定句、疑问句中,可以修饰可数名词也可修饰不可数名词。 2)周末她没有课。 She doesn’t have any classes on weekends. some 用在疑问句中,表示希望得到肯定回答。 3)你能借给我一些钱吗? Could you please lend me some money? 4)你想喝点茶吗? Would you like some tea? any 用在肯定句中,意思是“无论哪一…” 5)你可以选任何一本书。 You may choose any book on the shelf. 6)---我下周什么时候来看你? ---任何一天都可以。 ---When shall I come to see you next week? ---Come any day you like.

四、词组练习 1 .be from = come from 来自于……

2. live in 居住在…… 3. on weekends 在周末 4. write to sb. = write a letter to sb. 给某人写信;写信给某人 5. in the world 在世界上 in China 6. pen pal 在中国 笔友 14 岁

14 years old

favorite subject 最喜欢的科目 7. the United States 美国 the United Kingdom 英国 New York 纽约 8. speak English 讲英语 like and dislike 爱憎 9. go to the movies 去看电影 play sports 做运动

五、重难点复习 1、本单元的国家,人民、语言和首都对应。 Country(国家) China Canada France Japan Australia The United States The United Kingdom Singapore Italy People(人民) Chinese Canadian French Japanese Australian American British Singaporean Italian Language(语言) Chinese English-French French Japanese English English English Malaysian-English-Chinese Italian Capital(首都) Beijing Ottawa Paris Tokyo Canberra Washington London Singapore Rome

2、感官系动词:
look 看起来 sound 听起来 smell 闻起来 taste 尝起来 它们的特点是: A)没有进行时: feel 摸起来

B)没有被动语态: C)后接形容词: D)后接 like 再加名词: 1)---咱们去公园散步吧! ---那听起来很有趣。 ---Let’s take a walk in the park! ---That sounds interesting. 2)这个城市看起来很美。 The city looks very beautiful 3)那听起来是个不错的注意。 That sounds like a good idea. 6)我今天感觉不舒服。 I am not feeling well today. 此处的 feel 也是个系动词,意思是“感觉”,而不是“摸起来”之意。所以此用法有进行时态。

3、情态动词 can, may, must 等后接动词原形。
1)他会弹吉他。 He can play the guitar. 2)---我可以问你一个问题吗? ---当然可以。 ---May I ask you a question? ---Sure / Certainly. 4、作文 ---背教材第五页 3a 3b 根据个人实际情况写一则征笔友启事,启事中要做适当的自我介绍,例如:姓名、年龄、 国家、现居住地、爱好、最喜欢的科目(电影、运动。。 。)想找怎样的笔友等。

Dear friend, I’m Liu Fang .I’m 14 years old .I’m in Hui Li , China . I have no brothers or sisters in my family. I can speak Chinese and a little English. My favorite subject in school is English, because I think it’s very interesting. I also like music and art very much .I can sing and draw well, too. I like playing the piano and playing basketball on weekends. How about you? I like to go to movies with my friends. My favorite movie is Beauty and Beast. Now I live with my parents. I want a pen pal in Australia .I want to learn about your country I want a pen pal in Australia .I think Australia is an interesting country .But I know it only a little. Can you write and tell me something about yourself? (Can you write to me soon?) Yours, Liu Fang

中考命题 1. My father likes playing sports and _________ music on weekends. A.listens to B.listening C.listen to D.listening to

2.After supper we often take a walk _________ the park ________Fifth Avenue. A.through, on B.in, on the C.down, on D.along, on 3.My pen pal Mike _________ Paris, France. A.lives B.live C.live in D.lives in 4.Does he have _________ uncles or aunts? A.some B.any C.an D.a 5.---Where _________ your uncle live? ---In Singapore. A.is B.are C.does D.do 6.---What’s your pen pal’s nationality? ---He is __________. A.Canada B.an English C.America

D.Canadian

7.Look at my new cell phone. My mother bought it for me _____ June 1, Children’ s Day. A.on B.in C.at D.for 8.---Where is John from? ---He’s from________. A.Japanese B.Japan C.French

D.English

9.________do you live and _________language can you speak? A.Where; where B.What; what C.Where; what D.What; where 10.Where ________ Simon and Julie from? A.do B.are C.is D.does 11、What l___ does he speak? 12、You are new here. Would you like to i_____ yourself? 13、—What’s your n____ ? —Chinese. 14、There are many countries in the w_____. 15、He is from France. He speaks F______. 16、Where does your pen pal l_____? 17、I like math. It’s e______. 18、Hong Kong is a good p______. I want to go there. 19、I am a b_____ for English. I can speak a little.

20、What’s your likes and what’s your d_____? DBDBC/DABCB language, introduce, nationality, world, French, live, easy, place, beginner, dislikes


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