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高三英语议论文说明文完形填空练习二 January 15


高三英语议论文说明文完形填空练习二 Exercise 1

January 15, 2014

Dear Reader, Please allow me to tell you something before you read this book. When my 1 __, Sam, was born, my heart was filled with joy. I had been sitting in a wheelchair for 20 years before then, and I have been 2 ill many times. So I wondered if I would have the 3 to tell Sam what I had 4 . For years I have been hosting a program on the 5 and writing articles for a magazine. Being 6 to move freely, I have learned to sit still and keep my heart 7___ , exchanging thoughts with thousands of listeners and 8_ . So when Sam was born, I 9 to tell him about school and friendship, romance and work, love and everything else. That’s how I started to write these 10 . I hope that Sam would 11 them sooner or later. However, that expectation 12 when Sam showed signs of autism (自闭症) at the age of two. He had actually stopped talking before the discovery of the signs. He 13 to communicate with others, even the family members. That was 14 for me but didn’t stop me writing on. I realized that I had even 15 now to tell him. I wanted him to 16 what it means to be “different” from others, and learn how to fight against the misfortune he’ll 17 as I myself, his grandfather, did. I just 18 if I could write all that I wanted to say in the rest of my life. Now, as the book has been published, I have been given the ___19__. Every chapter in the book is a letter to Sam: some about my life, and all about what it means to be a 20 . Daniel Gottlieb 1. A. son B. nephew C. brother D. grandson 2. A. seriously B. mentally C. slightly D. quietly 3. A. ability B. time C. courage D. responsibility 4. A. written B. suffered C. observed D. lost 5. A. radio B. television C. stage D. bed 6. A. ready B. unable C. anxious D. eager 7. A. warm B. broken C. closed D. open 8. A. hosts B. visitors C. readers D. reporters 9. A. began B. stopped C. forgot D. decided 10. A. letters B. emails C. books D. diaries 11 A. find B. read C. collect D. keep 12 A. developed B. disappeared C. changed D. arrived 13. A. tried B. refused C. regretted D. hoped 14. A. exciting B. acceptable C. strange D. heartbreaking 15 A. less B. everything C. more D. nothing 16. A. understand B. explain C. believe D. question 17 A. fear B. face C. know D. cause 18. A. felt B. guessed C. saw D. doubted 19. A. chance B. burden C. regret D. admission 20. A. teacher B. child C. man D. writer Exercise 2 It is estimated that about 10 million people go into coastal waters every year to get a closer look at whales. When the eco-tourists try to have a look at the __1___mammals rising above the water line, killer whales lives are greatly__2___, though they are the top of the food chain in the sea. “We now have more whale-watch boats than there are whales,” said Kelley BalcombBartok of an __3__ in Washington State which works with scientists to ___4___ whales.
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All this activity is causing people to show more __5___ about the whales health and ___6___ .Some scientists say noise from all the boat traffic may __7___ a whales sonar(声纳)ability as much as 95 percent .The whales need sonar to find food. There new studies __8__ this month suggest the __9__ caused by the tourists is damaging the whales, whose population in the Puget Sound region has ___10__ from 98 to 80 in less than a decade. Scientist say all the ___11___ also forces the whales to move around more, wasting energy needed for __12___food. “I would say that at times when there are a lot of boats and there is a lot of noise, they are easily __13___,” said Tom McMillen, captain of the whale-watching boat Stellar Sea, which takes out three groups of ___14__ a day. Scientists say there is less food in the sea for the whales to eat : besides, the pollution in the sea is more serious. Obviously the __15____from the boats make the life of the whales even worse. 1. A. huge B. poisonous C. delicate D. cautions 2. A. refreshed B. discovered C. threatened D. witnessed 3. A. activity B. organization C. area D. avenue 4.A observe B protect C attend D threaten 5. A. sympathy B enthusiasm C. excitement D. concern 6 A production B extinction C evolution D survival 7. A. stop B. decrease C. increase D. improve 8. A. released B abandoned C. predicted D. relieved 9 A inconvenience B disturbance C consumption D ignorance 10. A. changed B. sunk C. reduced D. fallen 11 A effort B attempt C traffic D entertainment 12. A. tasting B. hunting C. searching D. eating 13. A. astonished B .annoyed C. disappointed D. excited 14 A researchers B visitors C scientists D fishermen 15. A sound B. voice C. noise D. supply Exercise 3 Most people believe they don’t have much imagination. They are 1 .Everyone has imagination, but most of us, once we become adults, forget how to 2 it. Creativity isn’t always 3 with great works of art or ideas. People at work and in their free time 4 think of creative ways to solve problems. Maybe you have a goal to achieve, a tricky question to answer or you just want to expand your mind! Here are three techniques to help you. Making connections This technique involves taking 5 ideas and trying to find links between them. First, think about the problem you have to solve or the job you need to do. Then find an image, word, idea or object, for example, a candle. Write down all the idea/words 6 with candles: light, fire, matches, wax, night, silence, etc. Think of as many as you can. The next stage is to relate the 7 to the job you have to do. So imagine you want to but a friend an original 8 ; you could buy him tickets to match or take him out for the night. NO limits! Imagine that normal limitations don’t 9 . You have as much time/space/money, etc. as you want. Think about your goal and the new 10 .If your goal is to learn to ski, 11 , you can now practise skiing every day of your life (because you have the time and the money). Now 12 this to reality. Maybe you can practise skiing ever day in December, or every Monday in January. Be someone else! Look at the situation from a 13 point of view. Good businessmen use this technique in trade, and so do writes. Fiction writers often imagine they are the 14 in their books. They ask question: What does this character want? Why can’t she get it? What changes must she make to get what she wants? If your goal involves other people, put yourself in their 15 . The best fishermen think like fish! 1. A. wrong B. unbelievable C. reasonable D. realistic
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B. catch up with C. make use of D. keep track of B. compared C. covered D. connected B. routinely C. vividly D. deeply B. unrelated C. creative D. imaginary B. marked C. lit D. associated B. ambitions C. achievement D. technique B. service C. present D. object B. last C. exist D. change B. limitations C. tendency D. practice B. in particular C. as a whole D. for example B. adapt C. lead D. keep B. global C. different D. practical B. dreams C. images D. directions B. dreams C. images D. directions Exercise 4 You wake up in the morning. The day is beautiful and the plans for the day are what you have been looking forward to for a long time. Then the 1 rings, you say hello, and the drama starts. The person on the other end has a ___2___tone in his voice as he starts to tell you how 3 his morning is and that there is nothing to look forward to. Are you still in a wonderful mood? ___4____! Communicating with negative people can wash out your 5 . It may not change what you think, but doing this long enough with them will make you feel ____6__ for a moment or a long time. Life brings ups and downs, but some people 7 the wrong idea that life has no happiness to offer. They only feel glad when they make others feel 8 . No wonder they can hardly win others’ pity or respect. When you communicate with ___9___people, your spirit stays happy and therefore more positive things are attracted. However, sometimes we have no 10 but to communicate with negative people, who could be co-workers, or a relatives. In this ___11__, say what needs to be said as little as possible. Negativity often 12 happiness without even being realized. The negative words of another at the start of the day can attach to you throughout the 13 of your day, which makes you feel bad and 14 your happiness. Life is too 15 to feel negative. Stay positive and avoid negativity as much as possible. 1. A. bell B. sound C. voice D. phone 2. A. frustrating B exciting B disgusting D satisfying 3. A. delightful B. terrible C. surprising D. wonderful 4. A Definitely B Absolutely C Impossible D Doubtfully 5. A. faith B. relief C. happiness D. sorrow 6. A. depressed B concerned C alerted D kindhearted 7. A. are stuck in B. are accused of C. are satisfied with D. are anxious about 8. A. bad B. glad C. sorry D. content 9. A. negative B positive C aggressive D objective 10. A. hope B. chance C. choice D. need 11 A fact B advantage C angle D case 12. A. affects B. gains C. benefits D. decides 13. A. length B. middle C. beginning D. rest 14. A. shares B. steals C. extends D. hides 15. A. important B. short C. challenging D. uncertain
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2. A. put up with 3. A. equipped 4. A. skillfully 5. A. familiar 6. A. presented 7. A. ideas 8. A. experience 9. A. work 10. A. possibilities 11. A. in fact 12. A. devote 13. A. private 14. A. positions 15. A. positions

Exercise 5 If you were to begin a new job tomorrow, you would bring with you some basic strengths and weaknesses. Success or 1 in your work would depend, to a great degree, on your ability to use your strengths and weaknesses to the best advantage. Of the greatest importance is your___2___. A person who begins a job convinced that he isn’t going to like it or is 3 to suffer is exhibiting a weakness which can only 4 his success. On the other hand, a person who is secure in his belief that he is probably as 5 of doing the work as anyone else and who is 6 to make a cheerful attempt at it possesses a certain strength of purpose. The chances are that he will do well. 7 the essential skills for a particular job is strength. Lacking those skills is 8 a weakness. A bookkeeper who can’t add or a carpenter who can’t 9 a straight line with a saw is hopeless cases. This book has been designed to help you take advantage of the strengths and 10 the weaknesses that you bring to the job of learning. But in groups to measure your __11__, you must first____12___ somewhere you stand now. As we get further along in the book, we’ll be dealing in some detail with specific processes for developing and strengthening 13 skills. However, to begin with, you should 14 to examine your present strengths and weaknesses in three areas that are critical to your success or failure in school: your 15 , your reading and communication skills, and your study habits. 1 A. improvement B. victory C. failure D. achievement 2 A. opinion B attitude C chance D expectation 3 A. able B. eager C. sure D. ready 4 A. bring about B. hold back C. put up with D. stand for 5 A. guilty B. resistant C. inevitable D. capable 6 A. reluctant B. willing C. potential D. moderate 7 A. Possessing B. Processing C. Handling D. Involving 8 A. consequently B. obviously C. frequently D. occasionally 9 A. draw B. sew C. cut D. score 10 A. employ B. overcome C. challenge D. suspect 11 A. assess B. negotiate C. access D. stimulate 12 A. development B achievement C ability D advantage 13 A. examining B. working C. learning D. achieving 14 A. continue B. intend C. wait D. pause 15 A. intelligence B. work C. attitude D. weakness

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