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英美文学鉴赏


英美名作赏析作业
Stopping by Woods on a Snowy Evening
The “Stopping by Woods on a Snowy Evening” is a good poem. It’s a simple but meaningful poem, and it’s only have natural language but with strict rules. This poem is written by the American poet Robert Frost. In this poem, he describes a little incident happening in a snowy evening. As a traveler, the speaker is fascinated by the beautiful scene in the woods. He stops to enjoy it, but his mind urges him to go on, because there is still a long way ahead of him, an unfinished duty waiting for him. What was the reason that made the speaker stop by the woods on a snowy evening? As we all know that the woods are usually linked with myth, the unknown world, and the utmost tranquillity. We can guess that, in this poem, the poet takes the woods as the eternal life, the bliss, that is to say the Heaven. He is fed up with the routine duties, and wants to rest forever. The woods happens to provide an ideal place. “The woods are lovely, dark and deep”, and at this moment, the speaker who in the woods don’t have to pipe the things of life or work, he felt relaxed. Then it comes to the snowy evening. “The darkest evening of the year.” The

snow is cold and evening is dark, all of which indicate that the speaker is depressed inside. Snow and dark symbol the speaker ’s mood at the moment. Why speaker felt depressed? Because he know this king of good hard to keep, he can’t stay longer by the woods to appreciate its mysterious beauty, he must move on. Because he has promise to keep. “But I have promises to keep”. “The promise” could be an obligation or a goal, so the speaker must finish it. This poem said want to enjoy the pleasures of life, from “To watch his woods fill up with snow” we can know. But then it concludes with the speaker acknowledging that he has work to do, and one can assume that he proceeds on to do it. The poem seems to be stating that it is all right to enjoy the special moments in life, but if one makes a promise, he should not compromise it with the things he enjoys, even if the activities seem better than working.

Sister Carrie
"Sister Carrie" is one of the masterpiece of American writer Theodore Dreiser. Works through describe a country girl Sister Carrie in order to survive, and how to from the bottom of the bourgeois society in which life experience and experienced all kinds of thought transformation, disclose capitalist ethics moral hypocrisy, falsehood. At the same time, readers can find early feminist performance from Carrie.

Dreiser is the outstanding representatives of the American literary naturalism. His novel “Sister Carrie” is the success writing of naturalistic. And what is the naturalistic? From the novel, I think naturalistic stressed on the fate of environmental and genetic play a decisive role, it emphasized fatalism. Also in Dreiser’s eyes, the objective reality is the highest law of creation. He always prominent figures of the survival of consciousness and desire instinct and emphasize the decisive role of the environment on the characters. Like for Sister Carrie, who was born in a countryside near Chicago. Her family was poor, but she was very strong vanity, longing for the city's wealthy life. She is a typically represent of the people of the American lower then bent climb. But after she went to Chicago she realized only rely on the work to get her fantasy of happiness is impossible, she become the lover of youth salesman Derouet and hotel manager Hirst Wood. And later, she became an actor by chance in New York, to squeeze into the bourgeoisie “upper class ” society. This time, Carrie found her original dream of life is not so attractive, on the contrary, she found herself in a very empty and boring. Even though she has money, so what? Life does not seem to pursue. Dreiser take Sister Carrie for example, distinctive feature vivid realism, expose the real tragedy fact the beginning of the 20th century the fanatical pursuit of the American dream, reveal instinct

drive driving people pleasure but ultimately disillusionment theme illustrates the money U.S. capitalist society there can be no true happiness. Though the pursuit of high standards、high quality of life is always not wrong. In my opinion, the pursuit of material life only is need but not an end. People should live a meaningful life, there is a real heart-to-heart friends, have a harmonious and warm home, their responsibilities and obligations, this life is happiness.


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