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江西省临川区第一中学2014-2015学年高一下学期期末考试化学试题 Word版含答案


2014-2015 学年度下学期高一月考英语试卷 出题人:余婕 曹娟 董轶娃

第一部分 听力(共两节,满分30分) 第一节(共5小题,每小题1.5分,满分7.5分) 听下面五段对话,每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的 A,B,C 三个选项中选出最佳选项, 并标在试卷的相应位置,听完每段对话后,你都有 10 秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一 小题,每段对话仅

读一遍。 1. What do we know about Mr. Brown? A. He has had an operation. B. He is having an operation. C. He will have an operation. 2. What is the assignment for next Tuesday? A. Read the textbook. B. Listen to radio programs. C. Write a composition. 3. How did Nancy first react to being offered chocolates? A. Surprised. B. Disappointed. C. Happy. 4. Where does the man live? A. In the city. B. In a small town. C. In the countryside. 5. What does the man mean? A. He can't go to the cinema. B. He can go to the cinema on Saturday morning. C. He can go to the cinema on Saturday evening. 第二节(共15小题,每小题1.5分,满门22.5分) 听下面5段对话或独白,每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的A,B,C三个选项中选出 最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置,听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小 题5秒钟,听完后,各小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间,每段对话或独白读两遍。 听第 6 段材料,回答第 6、7 题。 6. Why is Jane upset? A. David fell in love with her. B. Kevin made up stories about her. C. She made a mistake in calculation. 7. What is the probable relationship between the speakers? A. Teacher and student. B. Father and daughter. C. Employer and employee. 听第 7 段材料,回答第 8 至 10 题。 8. Why is it difficult for the woman to lose weight? A. She enjoys delicious dishes too much. B. She works too long. C. She has no time for exercise. 9. Who is Michael? A. John's manager. B. Julia's husband. C. Kate's friend. 10. What does the man suggest the woman do? A, Change her job. B. Stop working and spend more time with her family.
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C. Eat less and do more exercise. 听第 8 段材料,回答第 11 至 13 题。 11. What is waiting for the woman when she returns? A. A bike. B. A package. C. A ticket. 12. Where did the woman meet her friend? A. On the plane. B. In Holland. C. On the Internet. 13. What will the speakers probably do next? A. Drink chocolate milk. B. Get some milk. C. Send a package. 听第 9 段材料,回答第 14 至 16 题。 14. For what does the man book the seats downstairs? A. To have dinner with his friends. B. To watch a play with others. C. To enjoy coffee with his friends. 15. How long will it take to watch the play? A. Two hours and a half. B. An hour and a half. C. Two half hours. 16. Where does the dialogue take place? A. At a hotel. B. At a cinema. C. At a theatre. 听第 10 段材料,回答第 17 至 20 题。 17. Who are the speakers? A. Students. B. Teacher and student. C. Coach and player. 18. How did the man react when he saw the woman dancing? A. He was annoyed. B. He was inspired. C. He was surprised. 19. How does the man usually exercise? A. He likes to ride a bicycle. B. He likes to play soccer. C. He likes to run. 20. What will the speakers probably do next? A. Study for a test. B. Go to the gym together. C. Show each other their moves. 第二部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分40分) 第一节(共15小题,每小题两分,满分30分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A,B,C和D)中,选出最佳选项。

A
Have you ever heard of birds that can swim? Along the river banks of the Amazon and the Orinoco there lives a bird that swims before it can fly, flies like a fat chicken, eats green leaves, has the stomach of a cow and has claws (爪) on its wings when young. They build their homes about 4.6m above the river, an important feature (特征) for the safety of the young. It is called the hoatzin. In appearance, the birds of both sexes look very much alike with brown on the back and cream and red on the underside. The head is small, with a large set of feathers on the top, bright red eyes, and blue skin. Its nearest relatives are the common birds, cuckoos. Its most striking feature, though, is only found in the young. Baby hoatzins have a claw on the leading edge of each wing and another at the end of each wing
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tip. Using these four claws, together with the beak (喙), they can climb about in the bushes, looking very much like primitive(远古的)birds must have done. When the young hoatzins have learned to fly, they lose their claws. During the drier months between December and March hoatzins fly about the forest in groups of 20 to 30 birds, but in April, when the rainy season begins, they collect together in smaller living units of two to seven birds for producing purposes. 21.What is the text mainly about? A.Hoatzins in dry and rainy seasons. B.The relatives and enemies of hoatzins. C.The appearance and living habits of hoatzins. D.Primitive birds and hoatzins of the Amazon. 22.Young hoatzins are different from their parents in that____ . A.they have claws on the wings B.they look like young cuckoos C.they eat a lot like a cow D.they live on river banks 23.What can we infer about primitive birds from the text? A.They had claws to help them climb. B.They could fly long distances. C.They had four wings like hoatzins. D.They had a head with long feathers on the top.

B
There are many American novelists in the literary world. For example, Scott Fitzgerald, born on September 24,1896, was once a student of St. Paul Academy, the Newman School and attended Princeton University for a short while. In 1917 he joined the army and was posted in Alabama, where he met his future wife Zelda Sayre. Then he had to make some money to impress her. His life with her was full of great happiness, as he wrote in his diary“ My own happiness in the past often got such joy that I could share it even with the person dearest to me but had to walk it away in quiet streets and take down parts of it in my diary.” This Side of Paradise, his first novel, was published in 1920. Encouraged by its success, Fitzgerald began to devote more time to his writing. Then he continued with the novel the Beautiful and Damned (1922), a collection of short stories Thales of the Jazz Age (1922), and a play The Vegetable (1923). But his greatest success was the novel The Great Gatsby, published in 1925, which quickly brought him praise from the literary world. Yet it failed to give him the needed financial security. Then, in 1926, he published another collection of short stories All the Sad Young Men. However, Fitzgerald?s problems with his wife Zelda had an effect on his writing. During the 1920s he tried to reorder his life, but failed. By 1930, his wife had her first breakdown and went to a Swiss clinic. During this period he completed novels Tender Is the Night in 1934 and The love of the last Tycoon in 1940. While his wife was in hospital in the United States, he got totally addicted to(沉迷 于) alcohol. Sheila Graham, his dear friend, helped him fight his alcoholism. 24. How many novels written by Fitzgerald are mentioned in the passage ? A. 8 B. 6 C. 7 D. 5 25. Which of the following is the correct order to describe Fitzgerald?s life according to the passage? a. He became addicted to drinking.
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b. He studied at St. Paul Academy. c. He published his first novel This Side of Paradise. d. The Great Gatsby won high praise. e. He failed to reorder his life. f. He joined the army and met Zelda. A. f-c-e-a-b-d B. b-e-a-f-c-d C. f-d-e-c-b-a D. b-f-c-d-e-a 26. We can infer from the passage that Fitzgerald ______. A. had made some money when he met Zelda in Alabama. B. was well educated and well off before he served in the army C. helped his friend get rid of drinking while his wife was in hospital D. would have completed more works if his wife hadn?t broken down 27. The passage is probab ly followed by a concluding paragraph about ______. A. Fitzgerald?s contributions to the literary world B. Zelda?s illness and treatment C. Fitzgerald?s friendship with Graham D. Zelda?s personal life C Are you afraid of being scolded by your teacher for being late? This is one of my experiences. "Get up, get up, Jim. It's time to get up!", My mother said while she was pushing me. I opened my eyes and looked at the clock. "Oh dear! It's a quarter to eight already. I'll be late for school again," I thought. I jumped out of the bed, washed my face, and then hurried to the bus stop without breakfast. As soon as I got on the bus, it started running. "I'm sure I can get to the school on time," I said to myself. Suddenly the bus stopped. The bus driver got off the bus, then got on the bus again and said, "I'm sorry, l adies and gentlemen. There's something wrong with the bus. Please get off the bus and wait for another one." "I couldn't wait. The school is not far. I'd better run to the school," I thought, and then I began to run. But before I got to the school, it began to rain hard. I reached the classroom but I was wet shivering (发抖) with cold. The physics teacher had already begun his lesson. It was Mr. Smith. He was about fifty years old. All the students were a little afraid of him and so was I. I liked neither him nor his physics lessons. I hesitated(犹豫)for a moment and then I opened the door. "I'm very sorry, Mr. Smith. I'm late again," I said with a red face. "It's you again, Jim," Mr. Smith said angrily. "I've told you not to be late, but you…" he suddenly stopped and looked at my wet clothes. He turned to the class and said, "I'm very sorry, my boys and girls." With these words he quickly took off his own jacket and handed it to me. "Now take off your wet coat and put this on or y ou'll catch cold," he said kindly. I went to my seat with Mr. Smith's jacket on. It was a bit large for me but I felt very warm in it. I found, for the first time, physics was so interesting and how well I could understand it! 28. Jim was late for school because _______. A. he got up too late B. there was something wrong with the bus C. it rained heavily D. he had to wait for the bus 29. Mr. Smith, the physics teacher, _______ at first when Jim came into the classroom. A. was unhappy B. looked kind C. looked worried D. felt sad 30. Jim felt that _______. A. the jacket was large enough to keep him warm
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B. Mr. Smith took good care of him C. he understood what Mr. Smith said all the time D. physics is easy if you like the physics teachers 31. From the story, we can learn that _______. A. students can't be late for school B. physics is easy if you like the physics teachers C. students can learn better if teachers love them D. you'll catch cold if your clothes are wet D Money is such a good thing that everyone loves it. There was once a captain who loved money so much that he cheated his sailors at the end of every voyage and took their wages. On the last day of one voyage, the ship was in a small port. It was winter time, and the sea was very cold, so the captain said to his sailors, “If one of you stays in the water during the whole night, I will give him my ship. But if he comes out before the sun appears, I shall get his wages.” The sailors had heard about the captain's cheating, so they d idn't trust him. But then one of them, who thought that he was cleverer than the captain, said that he would do it. He got into the water, and, though it was very cold, he stayed in it. When it was nearly morning, some fishermen lit a fire on the shore about half a mile away. “You are cheating,” the captain said to the sailor. “The fire?s warming you.” "But it's half a mile away!” said the sailor. “A fire?s fire,” answered the captain. “I have won.” The sailor came out of the water, and said, “Perhaps you think that you are clever because you have won my wages, but you can't cook a chicken.” “I can,” answered the captain. “If you cook this chicken,” said the sailor, “I shall work for you without wages for seven years, but if you can't, you will give me your ship.” The captain agreed, took the chicken and said, “Where's the fire?” “There it is,” answered the sailor. “On the shore.” “But it?s half a mile away,” said the captain angrily. “?A fire?s fire,? you said,” answered the sailor. “If it is enough to warm me in the water, it is enough to cook your chicken.” 3 2. The captain got the sailor?s wages ________. A. by cheating him B. and kept the money for future use C. to buy a chicken for himself D. and said he would return the money soon 33. The captain insisted that the fire was warming the sailor because he ________. A. wanted to keep his promise B. didn't believe the sailor's success C. didn't want to lose the bet D. wanted to show his cleverness 34. Which of the following statements is NOT TRUE? A. The sailors didn't trust the captain.
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B. The sailor didn't get out of the water before the sun appeared. C. The captain failed to cheat the sailor this time. D. In order to help the sailor in the water, the fishermen made a fire. 35. Wh at is the title of the story? A. How a Captain Cheated His Sailor B. A Fire Is Fire C. A Brave Sailor D. How a Sailor Got a Ship 第二节(共 5 小题,每小题 2 分,满分 10 分)

How to Get A Teacher to Like You
Are you looking to get a teacher on your good side? Look for some extra points in participation. You don?t have to be a teacher?s pet, either. 1. Do work ahead. 36 It suggests that you care about the class. If you don?t do your homework, don?t lie to your teacher: Offer to do extra assignments instead and then hand everything in on or ahead of time. 2. 37 Some teachers like for students to be quiet, and ask questions only when it is necessary, while others will want you to always report back to them to show interest in the lesson. 38 You can watch your teacher?s reactions to other students. Once you k now what they like, do it as much as possible. 3. Be Friendly Make conversations with your teacher, either after or before class. If they say something about their family, ask how it is going, especially if it is something difficult. 39 Also, if the teacher has a good sense of humor, joke with him/her sometimes. 4. Be respectful At the very least this means that you don?t back-talk or insult (侮辱) the teacher. This might be difficult. But if you are polite to them, they will look stupid being rude to you. Just following directions can go a long way. 40 Find out their birthday and congratulate them. Respect your teacher. Make sure that you are always on time. A. Know what your teacher likes. B. Know how to get to your teacher?s office. C. The teacher feels like you care about him/her. D. Learn what your teacher likes by watching. E. Always have a positive attitude and praise others? work. F. When you can, complete and hand in your homework in advance. G. It is always a good idea to greet your teacher when you see him/her.

第三部分 英语知识运用(共两节,满分 45 分) 完形填空(共 20 小题,每小题 1.5 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A,B,C,和 D)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳 选项。 Dale Carnegie rose from the unknown of a Missouri farm to international fame because he found a way to fill a universal human need.
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It was a need that he first 41 back in 1906 when young Dale was a junior at State Teachers College in Warrensburg. To get an 42 , he was struggling against many difficulties. His family was poor. His Dad couldn?t afford the 43 at college, so Dale had to ride horseback 12 miles to attend classes. Study had to be done 44 his farm-work routines. He withdrew (离开) from many school activities 45 he didn?t have the time or the 46 .He had only one good suit. He tried 47 the football team, but the coach turned him down for being too 48 .During this period Dale was slowly 49 an inferiority complex(自卑感),which his mother knew could 50 him from achieving his real potential. She 51 that Dale join the debating team, believing that 52 in speaking could give him the confidence and recognition that he needed. Dale took his mother?s advice, tried desperately and after several attempts 53 made it. This proved to be a 54 point in his life. Speaking before groups did help him gain the 55 he needed. By the time Dale was a senior, he had won every top honor in 56 .Now other students were coming to him for coaching and they, 57, were winning contests. Out of this early struggle to 58 his feelings of inferiority, Dale came to understand that the ability to 59 an idea to an audience builds a person?s confidence. And, 60 it, Dale knew he could do anything he wanted to do—and so could others. 41.A recognized B. filled C. supplied D. admitted 42.A.assignment B. education C. advantage D. instruction 43.A.training B. board C. teaching D. equipment 44.A through B. during C. over D. between 45.A.while B. when C. because D. though 46.A.permits B. interest C. talent D. clothes 47.A.on B. in C. for D. with 48.A.light B. flexible C. optimistic D. outgoing 49.A.gaining B. developing C. achieving D. obtaining 50.A.prevent B. protect C. save D. free 51.A.demanded B. suggested. C. required D. insisted 52.A. practice B. presence C. patience D. potential 53.A.hopefully B. certainly C. finally D. naturally 54.A.key B. breaking C. basic D. turning 55.A.progress B. experience C. competence D. confidence 56.A.horse-riding B. football C. speech D. farming 57.A.in return B. in brief C. in turn D. in fact 58.A.convey B build C. understand D. overcome 59.A.express B. stress C. contribute D. repeat 60.A.besides B. with C. like D. beyond 第二节(共 10 小题,每小题 1.5 分,满分 15 分) 阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(不多于 3 个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。 My mother taught me from an early age to be suspicious(怀疑)of strange men, __61__ (especial) when they gave you presents. But what made me __62__ (surprise) was that a “nice man” __63__ (bear) flowers managed to swipe(盗窃)20 Euros from my mother?s purse, __64__ she was holding it in her hands and looking straight at it. My mother explained, “The man said he __65__(collect) for a church charity so I pulled out a
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euro. But he said that was too much and offered __66__(look) in my purse to find a smaller coin. He __67__ have slid out the 20 euro note at the same time. I didn?t even notice it __68__ an hour later. I felt so stupid.” In fact, my mother needn?t feel bad. According to neuroscientists(神经系统科学家), our brains are easy to be cheated. The key for a successful pickpocket isn?t having skillful fingers but having __69__ knowledge of the loopholes(漏洞) in our brains. Some pickpockets are so good at it __70__ researchers are working with them to study the way our minds work. 第四部分 写作(共两题,满分 35 分) 第一节 短文改错(共 10 小题,每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) 注意:1,每处错误及其修改词均仅限一词。 2,只允许修改 10 处,多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。 My father took me out camping for the first time when I was seven. He wanted teach me about animals, insects and trees. My uncles all come along with bows and arrows for hunting. One evening at sunset, we sat by the fire, have our barbecue. Just then a bird was flying over us. My uncles immediate jumped up and shot their arrows on the bird. Neither of the arrows hit the target. Suddenly the arrows was flying down at us from the sky—they were looked like rain! We ran to escape but fortunately no one was injured. That day I didn?t learn much about animals, insects or trees, but I learnt a impressive lesson about gravity! 第二节 书面表达(满分 25 分) 假如你叫李华,你的英国网友 Tom 给你发来一封邮件,想向你了解一下故宫的一些情况。 请根据以下提示,给他回一封邮件: 1.故宫(the Palace Museum) 旧称紫禁城(the Forbidden City),始建于 1406 年,20 万人花了 14 年多的时间,于 1420 年建成; 2.它所有的宫殿一共有 9999 个房间,在中国,“9”这个数字被认为是吉祥的; 3.现在,每周二故宫免费向中国学生开放; 4.珍藏着中国历史上 5000 多年的文化珍宝(cultural treasure), 最好是亲眼来看看。 注意:1. 可适当增加细节,以使行文连贯; 2. 词数 100 左右; 3. 邮件的开头和结尾已写好,不计入总词数。 Dear Tom, It?s nice to receive your e-mail. Now I?d like to tell you something about the Palace Museum.

Best wishes, Yours, Lihua

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