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2014高考英语完形填空基础练习题(12)


2014 高考英语完形填空基础练习题(12)及答案
完形填空(记叙文).(天津) 阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,从每题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出最佳选项,并在答 题卡上将该项涂黑。 Roberta appeared on the stage. She took a deep breath and began to 1 . Now she was Portia, a strong-willed 2 in Shakespeare’s The Merchant of Venice. The theater

was filled with people. She was speaking with a power she had never before experienced, the words flowing 3 from her. 4 , Roberta had never acted in her life before the audition(选拔试演). She 5 being in front of other people. She was very 6 at school. She had never thought

she was good enough at anything to 7 much attention. She stayed mostly to herself, making 8 friends. She had excellent grades, was missing. Two weeks before the audition, Roberta’s mother had heard about it and 10 her to join in. "I can’t think of anyone else better suited to 11 the part. Remember all the plays you used to act out for us? " Roberta looked down. "I’m not interested. " Her mother wouldn’t let the 12 drop. "You’re just a little scared(害怕). Everyone 9 she always thought that something

gets scared. You know you 13 do it. The trick is to look past the 14 to find the love of what you’re doing. " So Roberta had made an appointment(预约)with the head of the Drama Club. She had read the play and found herself excited by the she practiced Portia’s part, 16 15 of speaking such rich words. In secret

the lines by repeating them over and over. It

wasn’t hard, she 17 every minute of it. Every time she spoke the words, she had a new 18 of the lines, as if Shakespeare had written Portia on many levels. On the day of the audition, she 19 two of Portia’s famous speeches for the auditors.

When she had finished, the head of the Drama Club announced the 20 was hers. 1. A. singB. dance C. speak D. report
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2. A. memberB. actressC. playerD. character 3. A. weaklyB. rapidlyC. smoothlyD. slowly 4. A. At firstB. In factC. After allD. In all 5. A. hatedB. enjoyedC. appreciatedD. regretted 6. A. honestB. shyC. politeD. patient 7. A. avoidB. focusC. payD. attract 8. A. fewB. a fewC. severalD. many 9. A. orB. soC. forD. but 10. A. forcedB. requestedC. encouragedD. reminded 11. A. acceptB. playC. offerD. learn 12. A. roleB. matterC. interestD. grade 13. A. canB. mustC. mayD. should 14. A. angerB. painC. sadnessD. fear 15. A. purposeB. wayC. ideaD. importance 16. A. memorizingB. organizingC. checkingD. improving 17. A. dislikedB. lovedC. expectedD. bore 18. A. considerationB. descriptionC. selectionD. understanding 19. A. practicedB. plannedC. performedD. delivered 20. A. partB. playC. speechD. position

参考答案 207.1-5 CDCBA 6-10 BDADC 11-15 BBADC 16-20 ABDCA



(二) A newly trained teacher named Mary went to teach at a Navajo Indian reservation. Every day, she would ask five of the young Navajo students to __1__ the chalkboard and complete a simple math problem from They would stand there, silently, figure it out. 4 3 2 homework. to complete the task. Mary couldn’t

she had studied in her educational curriculum helped, and she

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hadn’t seen anything like it in her student-teaching days back in Phoenix. What am I doing wrong? Could I have chosen five students who can’t do the 6 ?

Mary would wonder. No, 7

couldn’t be that. Finally she 9

8

the students what 10

was wrong. And in their answers, she learned a pupils about self-image and a(n) 11

lesson from her young

of self-worth.

It seemed that the students 12 each other’s individuality and knew that 13 of them were capable of doing the problems. 14 at their early age, they understood

the senselessness of the win-lose approach in the classroom. They believed no one would 15 if any students were shown up or embarrassed at the 16 . So they to compete with each other in public. Once she understood, Mary changed the system 18 she could check each child’s 17

math problem individually, but not at any child’s expense 19 his classmates. They all wanted to learn, 20 not at someone else’s expense. 1. A.go to 2. A.his 3. A.happy B.come to B.their B.willingly C.get close to C.his own C.readily C.Everything C.hardly C.problem C.everything C.told C.annoying C.Indian C.way C.respected C.each C.Even so D.bring D.her D.unwilling D.Neither D.never D.homework D.each D.understood D.frightening D.naughty D. aspect D.cared D.not all D.Even D.answer D.condition D.promised
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4. A.Anything B.Nothing 5. A.almost 6. A.question 7. A.they 8. A.asked B.certainly

B.chalkboard B.it B.questioned

9. A.outstanding B.surprising 10.A.sunburned 11.A.sense 12.A.had 13.A.none 14.A.Especially 15.A.lose 16.A.time 17.A.refused B.tender B.image B.ignored B.no one B.Even though B.win B.situation B.rejected

C.achieve C.chalkboard C.tried

18.A.if 19.A.in favour of 20.A.and

B.so that B.of B.but

C.unless C.by means of C.so

D.in case D.in front of

D.or

参考答案及解析 1—5 ABDBB 6—10 CBABC 11—15 ACDDB 16—20 CABDB 1.A 每天让五个 Navajo Indian(纳瓦霍印第安)学生上黑板做简单的数学题 2.B 根据上文中的 five of the young Navajo students,这里用 their。 3.D 学生不愿意在黑板上做。 4.B; 5.B 为什么学生不愿在黑板上做?Mary 弄不明白了。她在教育课程中学到的东西也不 能帮助她弄清这个问题,且她在 Phoenix 教学生的那些日子当然不会遇到这样的事情。 6.C Mary 开始反思:是不是我选了五个不会做这道题的学生? 7.B 情况不是那样。这里用 it,代指上文提到的事情。 8.A 根据下文的“answers”,这里应该用 asked。 9.B; 10.C; 11.A Mary 从纳瓦霍印第安小学生了解到他们的自我形象意识和自尊感,这令她感到 惊讶。 12.他们尊重彼此的个性。表示“尊重”用“respected”。 13.他们知道并不是所有的学生都能做出那些数学题。“并不是所有的”表示部分否定, 用“not all”。 14.D even 在这里表示强调。 15.B; 16.A 会成为失败者。 17.他们拒绝在公共场所彼此竞争。这里要用“refuse”,reject 之意。 18.so that “以便”。 19.in front of his classmates 在同学面前。
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他们认为如果任何人在黑板前被揭露出不会做或者感到尴尬,他们都

含有“拒绝接受”

20.but 表示转折

Several years ago I studied in a university in the biggest city in our country. It’s beautiful but it’s hot in __1__. So I usually returned to my hometown when my __2__ began. It is not big, but it’s cool and quiet. I could __3__ in the daytime and have a good sleep at night. One day I had some __4__ to solve. But I didn’t take the dictionaries home. My father told me Charlie, one of my __5__, had a good library. I went to his house at once. We didn’t see each other after I __6__ middle school. At first he didn’t recognize me. He __7__ me up and down. And then he called out, “Oh, dear! It’s you, Fred!” Of course we were __8__ to meet each other again and talked a lot about our schoolmates and __9__. Later on he showed me around his library. It wasn’t big but there were a lot of nice books in it. And the dictionaries I __10__ were in them too. At last I said, “__11__ you lend some dictionaries to me, please?” “I’m sorry I don’t lend any books to __12__,” said the young man. “Are you afraid I’ll __13__ them?” “No, I’m not. I’m afraid you won’t __14__ them to me. Look! All the books are not __15__, but borrowed!” 1. A. spring B. summer C. autumn D. winter

2. A. birthday B. Saturday C. Sunday 3. A. study 4. A. words B. play C. rest

D. holiday D. run

B. sentences

C. problems D. stories C. aunts C. saw D. classmates D. met D. pulled

5. A. brothers B. sisters 6. A. finished B. heard 7. A. lifted 8. A. angry 9. A. doctors 10. A. looked for B. carried B. happy

C. looked C. worried D. sad

B. teachers C. workers D. drivers B. read C. wrote D. looked at
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11. A. Need 12. A. other 13. A. lose 14. A. pay 15. A. made 名师点评

B. Must

C. May

D. Can D. another D. know D. look after D. bought

B. the other B. sell B. return B. picked

C. others

C. throw C. use C. won

这篇短文主要讲了 Charlie 家里有许多藏书,却没有一本是自己买的,所以他从不借书给别 人,因为他怕别人都和他一样。本题的不少答案只从缺空所在句子的语意和语法是无法 确定的,解题是要联系上下文及一般常识进行推理。 答案简析 1. B。hot 应该指的是夏天的天气情况。 2. D。大学生暑假回家度假。 3. A。学生暑假应该不忘学习。 4. C。solve problems 意为“解决问题”。 5. D。根据下文可得知。 6. A。finish middle school 表示“中学毕业”。 7. C。look sb. up and down 表示“上下打量某人”,这时 look 用作及物动词。 8. B。老同学相见自然是高兴。 9. B。同学之间谈论的主要对象一般应该是同学和老师。 10. A。根据上下文得知“我”正在寻找一本字典。 11. D。这里指征求别人的意见,故用 can。 12. C。泛指其他人,故用复数。 13. A。“我”以为他怕我把书弄丢,所以不借。 14. B。根据下文得知他的书都是借的,所以他不愿借给我,怕我也象他一样借书不还。 15. D。这些书都不是买的,而是借的。

完形填空(记叙文).( 7 浙江) 阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,从每题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出最佳选项,并在答 题卡上将该项涂黑。
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The books in David’s schoolbag felt like bricks as he ran down the street. What he wanted to do was to play basketball with Eric, 1 his mother told him he would have to return his sister’s books to the library first. He had 2 set foot in a library and he wasn’t about to do so today. He would just

3 the books in the outside return box. But there was a 4 :it was locked. He went into the building,only a few minutes 5 closing time. He put the books into the return box. And after a brief playground to 7 Eric. David stepped out of the toilet and stopped in 8 —the library lights were off. The place was 9 . The doors had been shut. They 10 He was trapped(被困)—in a library! He tried to 11 a telephone call,but was unable to 12 . What’s worse,the pay the sun began to set,he searched be opened from the inside. 6 in the toilet,he would be on his way to the

phones were on the outside of the building. 13 for a light and found it.

14 he could see. David wrote on a piece of paper:“ 15 !I’m TRAPPED inside!“ and stuck it to the glass door. 16 ,someone passing by would see it. He was surprised to discover that this place was not so unpleasant, 17 . Rows and rows of shelves held books,videos and music. He saw a book about Michael Jordan and took it off the shelf. He settled into a chair and started to 18 .

He knew he had to 19 ,but now,that didn’t seem to be such a 20 thing. 1. A. butB. becauseC. orD. since 2. A. everB. nearlyC. neverD. often 3. A. passB. dropC. carryD. take 4. A. problemB. mistakeC. caseD. question 5. A. duringB. afterC. overD. before 6. A. restB. breakC. walkD. stop 7. A. visitB. meetC. catchD. greet 8. A. delightB. angerC. surpriseD. eagerness 9. A. lonelyB. emptyC. noisyD. crowded 10. A. wouldn’tB. shouldn’tC. couldn’tD. needn’t
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11. A. makeB. fixC. useD. pick 12. A. get onB. get upC. get throughD. get in 13. A. IfB. AsC. ThoughD. Until 14. A. On timeB. Now and thenC. By the wayD. At last 15. A. ComeB. HelpC. HelloD. Sorry 16. A. SurelyB. ThankfullyC. TrulyD. Gradually 17. A. at mostB. after allC. in shortD. as usual 18. A. watchB. playC. readD. write 19. A. waitB. standC. sleepD. work 20. A. badB. coolC. strangeD. nice

参考答案 208.1-5 ACBAD 6-10 DBCBC 11-15 ACBDB 16-20 ABCAA



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