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高一英语MODULE


高一英语 MODULE 2 My New Teachers 外研社 【本讲教育信息】 一. 教学内容: 重点短语 1. 确定、确信、弄清楚 make sure of/that 从句 2. 取得进步 make progress 3. 犯错误 make a mistake /mistakes 4. 结果 as a result 5. 由于 as a result of 6. 事实上 in fact /as a matter of fact 7. 睡着 fall asleep 8. 讲笑话 tell a joke/ jokes 9. 开某人玩笑 play a joke on sb 10. 承认做某事 admit doing sth 11. 在做??方面有困难 have a problem/ some problems in doing... 12. 保持、继续做某事 keep doing sth 13. 因某事尊敬某人(事) respect sb./sth.for sth. 14. 除做?以外别无选择 have no choice but to do sth 15. 受某人欢迎 be popular with sb 16. 害怕,担心 be afraid of sth/doing sth 17. 因为害怕而不敢做某事 be afraid to do sth 18. 对?紧张、焦虑 be nervous about/of? 19. 把?翻译成? translate ?into ? 20. 阻止某人做某事 keep /stop/prevent sb from doing sth 21. ?同样适用于? be true of ? 交际用语:Have you got that? 明白了吧? Take a look ,kids. 看看吧,孩子们。 That’s settled.就这么定了。 a couple of things. 几件事,三两件事 It’s up to you. 你说了算 二. 重难点讲解: 1. I think teachers need to be strict. Strict adj. 严厉的,严格的 句型: be strict with sb. be strict in sth. eg:The teacher is very strict with his students. He is very strict in our homework. 2. patient n. 病人/ adj. 耐心的,容忍的。 Be patient with sb 对(人)有耐心/ patient of sb 能容忍?? a. He was patient with his patients. b.He is not a patien of mine.他不是我的病人。 c.He is patient of cold and hunger.他能忍饥挨冻 3. She avoids making you feel stupid. avoid vt. 避免;避开;逃避(后接名词或动名词,也就是-ing 形式) 4. she explains English grammar so clearly that even I can understand it! 考查 so...that...“如此??以致于??”” such ?that?”
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eg: He was so angry that he couldn’t say a word. ① This problem is such difficult that nobody can work it out.(改错) ② It is ___a difficult problem that nobody can work it out. A. so B . such C . too D. much ③ They are ___ tall buildings that I have seldom seen in my hometown.(填空) ④ There are ___ many people here . (填空) ⑤ He has ___ little money that he can’t buy the book. (填空) ⑥ They are ___ little boys that they couldn’t go to school. (填空) 5. I’ve always hated making mistakes or pronouncing a word incorrectly when I speak English. hate vt. 憎恨;赠恶, (后接名词/动名词/动词不定式) eg I hate to trouble you. 我不愿意麻烦你。 (表示某一次的具体动作。 ) She hates anyone listening when she is calling. 他讨厌被人听她打电话。 6. we don’t dare to say a word unless she asks us to. 如果她不要求,我们连一句 话也不敢说。 考查连词 unless 表示“除非”的含义 unless=if ?.not ? =We don’t dare to say a word if she doesn’t ask us to 7. Most of us really appreciate her because her teaching is so well organized and clear. appreciate vt.感激;欣赏;重视 (1)appreciate 后接名词、代词或动名词作宾语,不接不定式作宾语。 To tell the truth,I can’t appreciate his works. 说实话,我欣赏不了他的作品。 We shall appreciate hearing from you again. 我们将乐意再次收到你的来信。 (2)I would appreciate it if...如果??,我将不胜感激。Eg: I would appreciate it if you can help me close the door. 如果你能帮助我把门关上,我将不胜感激。 8. And a few students even admit liking her. admit vt. 承认 后多接名词、动名词或从句 eg:He admitted his fault. He admitted having broken the window. He admitted that he has broken the window. 9.he prefers fish to meat Prefer( vt)喜欢? (甚于喜欢?) , 宁选?.(而不选?)常用结构: (1)prefer +名词/doing?to +名词/doing I prefer tea to milk.我宁愿喝茶也不喝牛奶。I prefer watching TV to going out. 我宁愿看电视也不出去。 (2)prefer to do sth. rather than do sth.“宁愿做...而不做...” I prefer to watch TV rather than go out.我宁愿呆在家里也不出去。 (3)prefer sb. to do “愿意某人做” I prefer you to go at once.我倒希望你马上就走 10.I’d rather do translation than revision, Mr. Stanton. 斯坦顿先生,我愿意做翻译也不愿复习。 【点拨: 】would rather do sth. than (do) sth. 意为“宁愿做某事而不愿做某事” would rather 后面接省略 to 的不定式,其否定形式是 would rather not do sth. ①Some more wine? 再来一点酒吗? —Thank you, I’d rather not. I have to drive home. 谢谢我不能再喝了。我还得开车回家呢。②She’d rather die than lose the children. 她 宁可死也不愿失去孩子们。 【拓展】would rather 后面接从句时,从句中的谓语动作若表示现在或将来,就用一般 过去时;若表示过去,就用过去完成时 I’d rather you didn’t mention this matter to anyone else.我希望你不要对任何人提及此事。
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11. but I think that I’ ll do well in the exam with Mrs.Chen teaching me.??但我认 为有陈老师 教我,我一定会考得不错。 .with 复合结构的构成 with+宾语+宾语补足语,构成 with 复合结构,宾语可以是名词或是代词,宾语补足语可以 是介词短语、过去分词、现在分词、形容词、动词不定式、副词。且 with 后面的宾语与其 后的宾语补足语有逻辑上的主谓关系。 1)With+宾语+介词短语 He was asleep with his head on his arms. 2)with+宾语+形容词/副词 With John away,we've got more room. 3)with+宾语+现在分词(宾语与宾补之间是主动关系) With winter coming on,it's time to buy warm clothes. 4)with+宾语+to do(不定式做宾补有“将来”的含义) I can't go out with all these dishes to wash. 5)with+宾语+过去分词(宾语与宾补之间是被动关系) All the afternoon he worked with the door locked. 12. I agree with you! agree with sb/ one’s words 同意(某人意见) sth agree with sb (气候和食物)适合某人 agree to 后面跟计划,意见,看法等 agree on 指双方协定好的条件,条约,价格,日期等 eg. a.Would you agree with me? b.What you do must agree with what you say. C. The climate here doesn,t agree with meI ate something that didn,t agree with me. d. He didn,t agree to the plan. 三.Grammar Verbs followed by –ing 动名词作宾语的用法 动名词是由动词加上-ing 构成的,在句中作主语、表语、宾语和定语,其中作宾语的 情况最复杂,也最重要,是本单元的重点。这里将其用法分几种情况加以讲解: (1)只能接动名词作宾语的动词:下面是常用的直接接 v.-ing 形式作宾语的词或词组。同 学们可以根据下面的口诀进行记忆。 考虑建议盼原谅 consider,suggest/advise,look forward to,excuse 承认推迟没得想 admit,delay/put off,fancy 避免错过继续练 avoid,miss,keep/keep on,practice 否认完成就欣赏 deny,finish,enjoy/appreciate 禁拒想像才冒险 forbid,resist,imagine,risk 不禁介意准逃亡 can’t help,mind,allow/permit,escape 另外还有: be/get used to, pay attention to, get down to,, lead to, stick to, look forward to can’ t stand,give up ,succeed in, be busy in, spend time (in) doing , have some trouble /difficulty /problems (in) protect/prevent /stop/discourage…from, give up, insist on, be worth, 例句:The boy admitted being careless. 这个孩子承认他太大意了。 Mary is considering going abroad. 玛丽正在考虑出国。 He really appreciates having time to relax. 有空休息一下,他真高兴。 (2)like, love, hate, prefer 等动词后可接动名词或不定式,但有区别。后接动名词时, 表示习惯性的、一般性的动作,接不定式,通常表示某一次的,具体的动作。 例句:I prefer watching TV to going to the cinema.
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I prefer to watch TV rather than go to the cinema tonight. (3)forget.remember.mean.go on.stop, try, regret 等动词后接动名词和不定式意义有 区别。例句:She stopped writing the letter. 停止写信 She stopped to write the letter. 停下来去写信 The doctors tried to save her life. 尽力救 The doctors tried talking in English. 尝试用英语交谈 (4)begin, start, continue + to do / doing 通常没有差别。 但在下列三种情况下,start / begin 后需用动词不定式: A. 当 begin/start 的主语是物时; B. 当 begin/start 用于进行时时; C. 当其后的动词为表示心理活动或精神状态的动词时。如: 1. The train starts to leave for Jinan. 2. I am beginning to understand my parents. 3. He began to realise that he was wrong. (5)allow, permit , advise, forbid 等动词后直接跟动名词形式作宾语,如果后面有名次或代词 作宾语,则加不定式做宾语不足语。 We don’t allow smoking here. We don’t allow anybody to smoke here. (6)need, require, want 做“需要”讲时, 主语多为某物,后多用动名词表被动或者用 不定式的被动。 例句:My bike needs mending=my bike needs to be mended 我的自行车需要修理了。 The room wants painting. 房屋需要粉刷。 Module 2 同步练习 Section A Reading and Vocabulary 请根据首字母或汉语提示完成单词。 1. A student, though i_______, must study hard. 2. What my new English teacher said to me made a deep i_____ on me. 3. Miss Li has always worked very hard, and all of the students in her class r______ her for that. 4. They were very busy o_____ a meeting for their company. 5. He was rich in knowledge, but he was never a_______ in his lifetime. 6. The thief ______(承认) that he had stolen the money. 7. Seeing the teacher coming, Kate can’t help ______(避免) talking to him. 8. Even in his late years of life, the old man is still doing ______(科学) research. 9. That school is very famous for its high standards of _______ (纪律). 10. I recognized her _____(即刻) I saw her. 单句改错 11. Tom has made great progresses in Chinese learning. 12. He does sports every day. As result, he has become much stronger. 13. There are many differences among Bob and Peter. It means Bob is quite different from Peter. 14. Everyone was invited to the party besides me, but I didn’t mind . 15. With the help of foreign experts, the factory produced twice many cars in 2000 as the year before. 16. They are so clever boys that everyone likes them very much. 17. Teachers should be strict on themselves, because they need to set examples to their students. 18. She was disappointing to hear that she failed in the examination.
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19. He was so tired that he fell sleepy quickly. 20. Li Ming is an English beginner and has problem with grammar. 【模拟试题】 (答题时间:60 分钟)40‘ 1.-Whose advice do you think I should take?. A. It's up to you B. You speak C. I can't help you D. You know it 2.Our boss is very ,so we have to arrive on time,or we would be fined. A. serious B. strict C. energetic D. organized 3.Last winter was extremely cold. ,most people say it was the coldest winter in their lives. A. At last B. As a result of C. In a word D. In fact 4.I would appreciate(感激 感谢) if you could offer some help when I am in trouble. A. this B. it C. you D. that 5.She into the thick forest alone on such a dark night. A. dares not go B. dares not to go C. dare not to go D. doesn't dare to go 6. How proud she is!She has been Beijing University. A. admitted to B. agree to C. received by D. had watched 7.-How is John getting on with his English?-I'm glad that he has . A.made some progress B.made a progress C.made no progress D.made some progresses 8.Look! little animals can eat much food in ____(such/so)___(a/an/x) short time. A.So;such B.Such;so C.So;so D.Such;such 9.Though many people are by the performances of cheerleaders(带领观众欢呼的 人,拉拉队长),they don't think highly of them. A.amused;amused B.amusing;amusing C.amusing;amused D.amused;amusing 10.We went through the jungle(丛林) without any difficulty with the guide _____ us. A. led B. leading C. to lead D. to leading 11. I think teachers should be strict _______ their students ______ studies. A. in; with B. with; in C. about; in D. with; for 12. The bad man ran away to avoid _______ and was finally put into prison. A. seeing B. to be seen C. being seen D. to be caught 13. Traffic police _______ always very busy, especially at busy streets. A. is B. are C. being D. had been 14. She didn’t feel like _______, so he suggested _______ the day in the garden. A. working; spending B. to work; to spend C. working; to spend D. to work; spending 15. They stopped _______ as the teacher came in. A. talk B. to talk C. talking D. talked 16. If I can stop them _______ there, I’ll do it. A. go B. to go C. gone D. going 17. Your shoes are dirty. They require ________ badly. A. wash B. washed C. to wash D. washing 18. I would rather he ______ next week A. comes B. came C. should D. will come 19. —Are you going to leave now? —Unless you would prefer me______ here. A. staying B. that I stay C. stay D. to stay 20.I don’t believe that ______ little children can finish _____ much work in _____ short time. A. so; so; so B. such; such; such a
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C. so; so; such D. such; so; such a 21. Mary fell over and broke her leg. _________, she will have to be away from school for about one month. A. As a result of B. In a word C. As a result D. After all 22. Tom _______ tell the truth to his boss because he didn’t want to make trouble. A. daren’t to B. dare to C. dare not D. didn’t dare 23. The music of that play is too dull and the same _______ the acting. A. was true to B. are true of C. being true for D. is true of 24. Oh, my God! It’s rainy again! I ______ stay at home ______ go out. A. prefer; to B. would; rather C. choose; than D. would rather; than 25. My father was so tired that he soon fell asleep ______ the light still _______. A. with; burnt B. on; burnt C. with; burning D. on; burning 26.People appreciate _________ with him because he is knowledgeable and humorous. A. to talk B. shouting C. to shout D. talking 27. With the encouragement from Miss White, our class worked very hard and _______ the final examinations. A. were good at B. did well in C. did good in D. was good at 28. Rather than _______ with us, he prefers________ alone. A. talk, play B. talking, play C. talk, to play D. to talk, to play 29. When asked by the police, he said that he remembered ______ at the party, but not ______. A. to arrive; leaving B. to arrive; to leave C. arriving; leaving D. arriving; to leave 30. He got well-prepared for the job interview, for he couldn’t risk _____ the good opportunity. A. to lose B. losing C. to be lost D. being lost 31. I feel like _____ a walk. Would you like _____me? A. to take; to join B. taking; joining C. taking; to join D. to take; joining 32. I don’t mind ______ to the party. A. being not invited B. not inviting C. not being invited D. not to be invited 33. What about the two of us ____ to the cinema tonight? A. to go B. go C. going D. to be going 34. It’s no use ____ your past mistake. The most important is to avoid ____ the same mistake again. A. regretting; making B. regret; make C. to regret; to make D. regretted; making 35. I would appreciate ____ back this afternoon. A. you to call B. you call C. your calling D. you are calling 36. Alice spent much time ____ piano each day. A. to practice playing B. practicing playing C. to practice to play D. practicing to play 37. We narrowly escaped ____in the forest of South America 15 years ago. A. killing B. to be killed C. to have been killed D. being killed
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38. Hearing the funny story, all the students couldn’t help ____. A. to laugh B. laugh C. laughing D. laughed 39. It’s said that he is ______ abroad. A. consider going B. considering going C. considered to go D. considering to go 40. Jack _______ Rose yesterday, but she was not in. That means ______ up the chance. A. meant to tell, to give B. mean telling, giving C. meant telling, to give D. meant to tell, giving 请根据提示完成下列句子。20‘ 41. 我对这个城市的第一印象是它既干净又漂亮。 My _____ _____ _____ the city is that it is clean and beautiful. 42. 她对自己的孩子很有耐心,从不生气。 She is _____ _____ with her children ____ she never gets angry. 43. 尽管他对我们要求严格,他仍然受到大部分学生的欢迎。 Although he _____ _____ _____ us, he is still popular with most of the students. 44. 有些人怕黑。吉姆就是这样。 Some people fear darkness. It _____ _____ _____ Jim. 45.他努力避免上课迟到。 He tries _____ _____ _____ to class late. 46.有这个当地人引导,我们最终走出了森林。(with) 47.我宁愿在家里学英语也不愿意去看那场足球赛。(would rather…than) 48.他喜欢喝酒。结果,他被禁止开车。(as a result) 49.我怎样做自己的工作并不是由你决定。(up to) 50.我在学习英语方面有困难 (have problems in ) 作文:30 分 你叫李华, 你的外教离开中国回到美国一个月了, 给外教写信告诉他有关他离开后学校和班 级发生的事。要点:感谢 mike 的帮助,他在学生之间非常的受欢迎,他是如此好的老师以 至于大家都非常想念,在 mike 的帮助下,我的英语取得巨大进步尤其是英语口语,但觉得听 力上还有待提高,以前在英语语法上总会犯错误,外教对我们很严格以避免我们犯错,他经 常鼓励我们多说英语, 并且告诉我们花大量的时间在听上面, 在这点上我们都非常的赞同他 的观点。两个月前的圣诞晚会上,我唱了一首英文歌,非常的成功!而两年前我还非常害羞 不敢做这件事,那时宁愿学习也不愿唱歌的人,在 mike 的鼓励下,我做到了!

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