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2014届高考英语(大纲版)第一轮三关复习测试:Unit 8 Sports 短语冲关


Unit_8

Sports

1.stand for 代表,象征;主张,支持 [教材 P50 原句]What do the five Olympic rings stand for?奥林匹克五环代表什么? ①The letters PRC stand for the People's Republic of China. 字母 PRC 代表中华人民共和国。 ②I stand_for freedom of speech for everyone regardless of color,race or creed. 我主张每个人,不分肤色、种族或信仰,都有言论自由。 stand by stand out stand on one's own feet can't stand doing 袖手旁观;坚持;遵守;支持 突出;站出来;出色 自立 不能忍受做某事

③The new road sign is easy to read,the words stand_out well. 新路标容易辨认,上面的字很醒目。 ④Once our three children can stand on their own feet,we will have more time to enjoy our life. 一旦我们的三个孩子能够自立了,我们就会有更多的时间去享受生活。 2.because of 因为??,由于??的缘故 [教材 P50 原句]How many times have the Olympic Games been stopped because of war? 由于战争奥林匹克运动会被停止举办多少次了? ①There are many homeless people because of the earthquake. 因为地震,很多人无家可归。 ②He was very angry because of what you said. 由于你说的话,他非常生气。 [提醒] (1)表示“因为,由于”的短语还有 owing to,thanks to, due to,as a result of 等。 (2)because of 和 because 的区别在于:because of 是介词短语,后面只能接名词、代词或 what 引导的名词性从句,而 because 是从属连词,后面必须接句子。两者可以通过改变句子 的结构而换用。 ③The sports meeting had to be put off because_of the heavy rain. =The sports meeting had to be put off because it rained heavily.

由于下大雨,运动会不得不延期举行。 3.take part 参加,参与(活动) [教材 P52 原句]Every four years athletes from all over the world take part in the Olympic Games. 每四年,世界各地的运动员参加一次奥运会。 ①Jim saw the new boy watching the game and asked him to take part. 吉姆看到新来的男孩在看比赛,就邀请他参加。 take part in play a(n) ...part in 参与,参加 起??的作用

for the most part 大部分;多数情况下 ②A lively and caring girl,Anna takes_an_active_part_in social activities. 安娜是一个活泼又有爱心的女孩,她积极参加社会活动。 ③Nowadays,the Internet plays an important part in our lives. 如今,互联网在我们的生活中起着重要的作用。 ④For_the_most_part,students work to earn money for their own use. 多数情况下,学生做兼职工作是为了赚钱自己用。

join,join in,take part in,attend (1)join 指加入某个组织并成为其中一员。 join the army/the Party/the League 参军/入党/入团 (2)join (sb.) in 指参与某项活动,口语中常与 take part in 通用。 (3)take part in 指参加群众性活动并在其中起积极作用。 (4)attend 是正式用语,指参加会议、婚礼、典礼,听报告、讲座等。 [自填助记] 用 join,join in,take part in,attend 填空 ①How many of you are going to take_part_in/join_in the sports meet? ②We'll go to the park tomorrow.Will you join us? ③He'll attend an important meeting tomorrow.

Ⅰ.完成句子 1 . Mr. Wang ____________________________( 已 加 入 俱 乐 部 ) for ages and often __________________(与他们一起参加) all kinds of exercise. 答案:has joined the club;joins them in 2.The two teams ________________(为??而竞争) the championship.

答案:compete for 3.I think his suggestions are completely __________________(切中要点) and well worth trying. 答案:to the point 4.Both the dove and the olive branch __________________(代表和平). 答案:stand for peace 5.Though she failed over and over again,she never gave up so as to ______________________(实现梦想). 答案:live her dream Ⅱ.单项填空 1.—We're going to pay a visit to the company near our school.Will you ________ us? —I'm afraid I can't.I'm to ________ a lecture given by a famous professor. A.join in;attend C.join;attend B.take part in;take part in D.join;take part in

解析:join sb.“加入某人的行列”,这里指“和我们一道去”;attend“参加(会议), 听(演讲)”。 答案:C 2.Since you have made up your mind, just go ahead. We will ________ you. A.stand for C.stand out B.stand by D.stand back

解析:句意:既然你下定了决心,努力吧。我们会支持你。stand for“代表;支持;象 征”, 符合句意。 答案:A 3.Today, ________ rapid transportation and communication, the whole world seems to be smaller. A.regardless of C.instead of B.in spite of D.because of stand by“袖手旁观”;stand out “突出,显眼”;stand back“退后”。

解析: 考查介词短语辨析。 句意: 今天, 由于交通和通讯的快捷, 整个世界似乎更小了。 regardless of“不管; 不顾”; in spite of“尽管; 不顾”; instead of“代替; 而不是”; because of“因为”。 答案:D


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