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VOA Special English
1500 BASIC VOCABULARY
n. (noun) - a name word v. (verb) - an action word ad. (adjective/adverb) - a describing word pre. (preposition) - a word used to show a relation pro. (pronoun) - a word used in place of a noun conj. (conjunction) - a joining word ------------------------------------------------------------------------------A able - adj.能...的, 有才能的, 能干的, 能够的 [v. having the power to do something] about - adv.附近, 大约, 转向, 左右, 周围 - prep.在附近, 关于, 在...周围, 忙于 [ad. almost ("about half"); of or having a relation to ("We talk about the weather.")] above - adj.上面的, 上述的, 上文的 - adv.在上面 - prep.在...上方, 过于, 超出 [ad. at a higher place] accept - vt.接受, 认可, 承担, 承兑 - vi.同意, 承认 [v. to agree to receive] accident - n.意外事件, 事故 [n. something that happens by chance or mistake; an unplanned event] accuse - vt.控告, 谴责, 非难 [v. to say a person is responsible for an act or crime; to make a statement against someone] across - adv.横过, 交叉地, 在对面 - prep.越过, 交叉, 在...的那边, 在...对面那边 [ad. from side to side; to the other side] act - n.幕, 法案, 法令, 动作, 举动, 节目, (戏剧的)幕 - vi.行动, 产生...的效果, 担当, 表演, 假装, 表现, 见效 - vt.扮演, 装作 [v. to do something] activist - n.激进主义分子, 行动主义分子 [n. one who seeks change through action] actor - n.男演员, 行动者, 参与者 [n. someone acting in a play or show] add - vt.增加, 添加, 计算...总和, 补充说, 又说 - vi.加, 加起来, 增添, 做加法 [v. to put (something) with another to make it larger; to say more] administration - n.管理, 经营, 行政部门 [n. the executive part of a government, usually headed by a president or prime minister] admit - v.容许, 承认, 接纳 [v. to accept ("admitted to the United Nations"); to express one's guilt or responsibility ("He admitted that what he did was wrong.")] adult - n.成人, 成年人 - adj.成人的, 成熟的 [n. a grown person] advise - vt.劝告, 忠告, 警告, 建议 [v. to help with information, knowledge or ideas in making a decision] affect - vt.影响, 感动, 侵袭, 假装 [v. to produce an effect on; to influence ("A lack of sleep affected the singer's performance.")] afraid - adj.害怕, 担心 [ad. feeling fear] after - adv.prep.conj.在...之后, 在...后面, 模仿, 与...一致, 以...命名, 后来的, 后面的 [ad. later; behind] again - adv.又, 再次, 此外, 再一次 [ad. another time; as before] against - prep.相反, 反对, 逆著, 靠著, 倚著 [ad. opposed to; not agreeing with something] age - n.年龄, 成年, 使用年限, 同时期的人, 时代 - v.变老, 上年纪, 成熟 [n. how old a person or thing is] agency - n.代理处, 行销处, 代理, 中介 [n. an organization that is part of a larger group ("an agency of the United Nations")] aggression - n.进攻, 侵略 [n. an attack against a person or country; the violation of a country's borders] ago - adv.以前的, 以往的 [ad. of time past; before now] agree - vi.同意, 赞成...的意见, 与...一致, 承认, 适合 - vt.同意 [v. to have the same belief as someone; to be willing to do something] agriculture - n.农业, 农艺, 农学 [n. farming] aid - n.帮助, 援助, 帮助者, 有帮助的事物 - vt.资助, 援助, 帮助 [v. to help; to support; n. help, assistance] aim - n.目标, 目的, 瞄准 - v.对...瞄准, 打算 [v. to point a gun at; n. a goal or purpose] air - n.空气, 样子, 天空, 空中, 曲调 - vt.晾干, 使通风, 宣扬, 夸耀, 显示 [n. the mixture of gases around the earth, mostly nitrogen and oxygen, that we breathe] air force - n. 空军 [n. a military organization using airplanes] airplane - n.飞机 [n. a vehicle with wings that flies] airport - n.<主美>小型民用机场, 私人飞机降落场 [n. a place where airplanes take off and land] album - n.集邮本, 照相簿, 签名纪念册 [n. a collection of recorded music] alcohol - n.酒精, 酒 [n. a strong, colorless liquid, usually made from grain, used as a drug or in industrial products] alive - adj.活著的, 活泼的 [ad. having life; not dead] all - adj.全部的, 所有的, 整个的 - adv.完全, 更加, 越发 - pron.全部 [ad. everything; everyone; the complete amount] ally - v.结盟, 与...(在血统, 性质等上)有关联, 同盟 - n.同盟国, 支持者 [n. a nation or person joined with another for a special purpose] almost - adv.几乎, 差不多 [ad. a little less than completely] alone - adj.单独的, 独一无二的, 孤独的, 独自的 - adv.独自地 [ad. separated from others] along - adv.往前, 向前 - prep.顺著, 沿著 [ad. near or on ("along the road")] already - adv.已经 [ad. before now; even now] also - adv.也, 同样 [ad. added to; too] although - conj.虽然, 尽管 [conj. even if it is true that] always - adv.总是, 永远, 始终 [ad. at all times; every time] ambassador - n.大使 [n. a nation's highest diplomatic representative (to another government)] amend - v.修正, 改进, 改正 [v. to add to or to change (a proposal or law)] ammunition - n.军火, 弹药 [n. the bullets or shells fired from guns] among - prep.在...之中, ...之一 [ad. in or part of (a group)] amount - n.数量 - vi.(to) 总计, 等于 [n. the number, size or weight of anything] anarchy - n.无政府状态, 政治混乱 [n. a lack of order; lawlessness] ancestor - n.祖先, 祖宗 [n. a family member from the past] ancient - adj.远古的, 旧的 [ad. very old; long ago] and - conj.和, 及, 并, 然后, 接著又 [conj. also; in addition to; with] anger - n.怒, 愤怒 - v.恼火 [n. a strong emotion against someone or something] animal - n.动物 [n. a living creature that moves, such as a dog or cat] anniversary - n.周年纪念 [n. a yearly celebration or observance of an event that happened in the past] announce - vt.宣布, 通告 [v. to make known publicly; to declare officially]

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another - adj.另外的, 又一, 不同的 - prep.另一个, 另一个人, 同类的东西 [ad. one more; a different one] answer - n.答案, 回答, 答辩, 抗辩 - v.回答说, 答复说, 符合, 反响, 响应 [n. a statement produced by a question; v. to make a statement after being asked a question] any - adj.任何的, 任何一种, 所有的 - pron.无论那一个, 任何 [ad. one or more of no special kind] apologize - vi.道歉, 辩白 [v. to express regret for a mistake or accident for which one accepts responsibility] appeal - n.请求, 呼吁, 上诉, 吸引力, 要求 - vi.求助, 诉请, 要求 - vt.控诉 [v. to take to a higher court, person or group for a decision; to call on somebody for help] appear - vi.出现, 看来, 似乎, 公开露面, 出版, 发表 [v. to show oneself; to come into sight; to seem] appoint - vt.约定, 指定(时间,地点), 任命, 委任 [v. to name; to choose ("appoint a judge")] approve - vi.赞成, 满意 - vt.批准, 通过 - v.批准 [v. to agree with; to agree to support] archeology - n.考古学 [n. the scientific study of past human life and activities] area - n.范围, 区域, 面积, 地区, 空地 [n. any place or part of it] argue - vi.争论, 辩论 - vt.说服 [v. to offer reasons for or against something; to dispute; to disagree] arms - n.武器, 兵种 [n. military equipment; weapons] army - n.陆军, 军队, 大群, 大军 [n. military ground forces] around - adv.周围, 四周, 到处, 大约, 左右 - prep.在...周围, 四处 [ad. on every side (of)] arrest - vt.逮捕, 拘留, 吸引 - n.逮捕, 拘留 [v. to seize a person for legal action; to take as a prisoner] arrive - vi.到达, 抵达 [v. to come to a place, especially at the end of a trip] art - n.艺术, 艺术品, 技术, 巧妙, 美术 [n. expressions or creations by humans, such as paintings, music, writing or statues] artillery - n.炮的总称, 炮兵的总称 [n. big guns] as - adv.同样地, 被看作, 象 - prep.当做 - conj.与...一样, 当...之时, 象, 因为 [conj. equally ("as fast as"); when; while] ash - n.灰, 灰烬, [植]岑树 [n. the part left after something burns] ask - vi.询问, 问, 要求 - vt.问, 要求, 需要, 邀请 [v. to question; to say something is wanted ("We ask the teacher questions every day.")] assist - v.援助, 帮助 [v. to help] astronaut - n.太空人, 宇航员 [n. a person who travels in space] astronomy - n.天文学 [n. the scientific study of stars and the universe] asylum - n.庇护, 收容所, 救济院, 精神病院 [n. political protection given by a government to a person from another country] at - prep.在, 于, 向, 对准, 在...方面 [prep. in or near ("at the edge"); where ("look at"); when ("at noon")] atmosphere - n.大气, 空气, 气氛 [n. the gases surrounding any star or planet] attach - vt.缚上, 系上, 贴上 - v.配属, 隶属于 [v. to tie together; to connect] attack - n.进攻, 攻击, (用语言)抨击, 批评, 疾病发作, 侵袭 - vt.攻击, 抨击, 动手处理(某事) -vi.攻击 [n. a violent attempt to damage, injure or kill; v. to start a fight] attempt - n.努力, 尝试, 企图 - vt.尝试, 企图 [v. to work toward something; to try; to make an effort] attend - vt.出席, 参加, 照顾, 护理, 注意 - vi.专心, 留意 [v. to be present at] automobile - n.<主美>汽车(=<英>motor car,car) [n. a vehicle with wheels used to carry people; a car] autumn - n.秋天, 成熟期, 渐衰期 [n. the time of the year between summer and winter] average - n.平均, 平均水平, 平均数, 海损 - adj.一般的, 通常的, 平均的 - vt.平均为, 均分, 使平衡, 达到平均水平 - vi.买进, 卖出 [n. something (a number) representing the middle; ad. common; normal] avoid - vt.避免, 消除 [v. to stay away from] awake - vi.醒, 觉醒, 领会, 觉悟 - vt.唤醒 - adj.警觉的, 醒的 [ad. not sleeping] award - n.奖, 奖品 - vt.授予, 判给 [n. an honor or prize for an act or service] away - adv.在远处, 到远处, 离去 [ad. not near] ------------------------------------------------------------------------------B back - adj.后面的, 在后面, 早过去的, 前(欠)的钱 - adv.向后地 - n.背部, 后面 - v.后退, 支持 [n. the part behind the front; ad. the other way from forward] bad - adj.劣质的, 有害的, 坏的, 不利的, 不健康的, 严重的 [ad. wrong; acting against the law; not good] balance - n.秤, 天平, 平衡, [商] 收支差额, 结余, 余额 - v.平衡, 称, 权衡, 对比, 结算 - n.资产平稳表 [v. to make two sides or forces equal] ball - n.球, 球状物, 子弹, 舞会, 尽情地玩 [n. something round] balloon - n.气球 [n. a device of strong, light material that rises when filled with gas lighter than air] ballot - n.选举票, 投票, 票数 - vi.投票 [n. a piece of paper used for voting] ban - n.禁令 - vt.禁止, 取缔(书刊等) [v. to not permit; to stop; n. an official restriction] bank - n.银行, 堤, 岸, 沙洲, 浅滩, 一堆(土), (云)层, 储藏所(库) - vt.存(款)于银行, 储蓄, (车或飞机)倾斜转弯 [n. an organization that keeps and lends money] bar - n.条, 棒(常用作栅栏,扣栓物), 横木, 酒吧间, 栅, 障碍物 - vt.禁止, 阻挡, 妨碍, 把门关住, 除...之外, (Bar)律师业 [v. to prevent or block] barrier - n.(阻碍通道的)障碍物, 栅栏, 屏障 [n. anything that blocks or makes an action difficult] base - n.底部, 基础, 根据地, 基地, 本部, 基数, (运动)出发点 - vt.以...作基础, 基于... - adj.卑鄙的, 低级的 [n. a military center; v. to establish as a fact ("Her research was based on experiments.")] battle - n.战役(指大规模会战), 战争 - vi.作战, 战斗, 搏斗, 斗争 [n. a fight between opposing armed forces] be - prep.是, 在, 存在 [v. to live; to happen; to exist] beat - n.敲打, 拍子, 巡逻区域 - v.打, 打败 [v. to hit again and again] beauty - n.美, 美景, 美好的东西 [ad. that which pleases the eye, ear or spirit] because - conj.adv.因为 [prep. for the reason that ("He left because he was sick.")] become - vi.变成, 成为, 变得 - vt.适合, 相称 [v. to come to be] bed - n.床, 基础, 路基, 河底, 海底, 一堆, 一层 - vt.安置, 嵌入, 使睡, 栽种 - vi.上床, 分层 [n. a sleeping place] before - adv.在前, 以前 - prep.在...之前 - conj.在...之前, 与其...宁可 [prep. Earlier] begin - v.开始, 首先 [v. to do the first part of an action; to start] behind - adv.在后地 - prep.在...之后 [ad. at the back of; in back of] believe - v.有坚定的宗教信仰的, 相信, 信任, 认为, 想 [v. to think; to feel sure of; to accept as true; to trust] bell - n.铃, 钟 [n. an instrument that makes a musical sound ("a church bell")] belong - vi.属于, 住 [v. to be owned by; to be a member of] below - prep.在...下面, adv.在下, 在页底 [ad. lower than] best - adj.最好的 - adv.最好地, 最, 极 - n.最佳状态或作品, 最好的东西 [ad. the most good] betray - vt.出卖, 背叛, 泄露(秘密), 露出...迹象 [v. to turn against; to be false to] better - adj.较好的 - adv.更好的, 更多的, 更佳的 [ad. more good than] between - prep.在...之间, 连接...,由...协力合作 [ad. in the space or time that separates; from one to the other ("talks between two nations")]

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big - adj.大的, 重要的, 量大的, 重要的 - adv.夸大地, 顺利 [ad. of great size; not small] bill - n.帐单, 钞票, 票据, 清单, 议案, 法案, 广告 - vt.用海报宣传, 把...列成表, 给...开帐单 [n. a legislative proposal] biology - n.生物学, 生物(总称) [n. the scientific study of life or living things in all their forms] bird - n.鸟, <俚>人 - vi.在野外观察或鉴别鸟类 [n. a creature that flies] bite - n.咬, 咬伤, 一口, 刺痛 - v.咬, 刺痛 [v. to cut with the teeth] black - n.黑色, 黑颜料, 黑人 - adj.黑色的, 弄脏了的, 忧郁的 - vt.(使)变黑, 涂黑 [ad. dark; having the color like that of the night sky] blame - n.过失, 责备 - vt.责备, 谴责 [v. to accuse; to hold responsible] blanket - n.毯子 - vt.覆盖 [n. a cloth cover used to keep warm] bleed - v.使出血, 放血 [v. to lose blood] blind - adj.瞎的, 盲目的 - vt.使失明, 缺乏眼光或判断力 [ad. not able to see] block - n.木块, 石块, 块, 街区, 印版, 滑轮, 阻滞, (一)批 - vt.防碍, 阻塞 [v. to stop something from being done; to prevent movement] blood - n.血, 血液, 血统 - v.使(某人)先取得经验 [n. red fluid in the body] blow - n.殴打, 突然的打击 - v.风吹, 吹气于, 叫, 喘气 [v. to move with force, as in air ("The wind blows.")] blue - n.蓝色 - adj.蓝色的, 忧郁的, 沮丧的 [ad. having the color like that of a clear sky] boat - n.小船, 艇 - v.划船 [n. something built to travel on water that carries people or goods] body - n.身体, 肉体, 人, 尸体, 主要部分, 团体, 大量 - vt.赋以形体 [n. all of a person or animal; the remains of a person or animal] boil - n.沸点, 沸腾, 疖子 - v.煮沸, 激动 [v. to heat a liquid until it becomes very hot] bomb - n.炸弹 - vt.投弹于, 轰炸 [n. a device that explodes with great force; v. to attack or destroy with bombs] bone - n.骨 - v.剔除 [n. the hard material in the body] book - n.书, 书籍, 卷, 篇, 帐簿, 名册, 工作簿 - v.登记, 预订, 控告 [n. a long written work for reading] border - n.边界, 国界, 边, 边沿, 边境 - vt.与...接壤, 接近 - v.接壤 [n. a dividing line between nations] born - adj.天生的, 原本, 天生就...的 - vbl.出生 [v. to come to life; to come into existence] borrow - v.借, 借入, 借用 [v. to take as a loan] both - adj.两者, 双方的 - pron.双方, 两者 [ad. not just one of two, but the two together] bottle - n.瓶子 - vt.用瓶装 [n. a container, usually made of glass, to hold liquid] bottom - n.底, 底部, 尽头, 末端 - adj.底部的 - vt.装底, 查明真相, 测量深浅 - vi.到达底部, 建立基础 [ad. the lowest part of something] box - n.盒子, 箱, 包厢, 岗亭, 一拳 - v.装...入盒中, 打耳光, 拳击 [n. something to put things into; a container, usually made of paper or wood] boy - n.男孩, 儿子, 孩子气的人, 男仆 [n. a young male person] boycott - n.vt.联合抵制, 联合排斥某国货物或与某国绝交 [v. to refuse to take part in or deal with] brain - n.脑, 头脑 [n. the control center of thought, emotions and body activity of all creatures] brave - adj.勇敢的 [ad. having no fear] bread - n.面包, 生计 [n. a food made from grain] break - n.休息, 暂停, 破裂, 突变 - v.打破, 违犯, 折断, 削弱, 超过, 突变 [v. to divide into parts by force; to destroy] breathe - v.呼吸, 发出 [v. to take air into the body and let it out again] bridge - n.桥, 船桥, 鼻梁, 桥牌 - vt.架桥, 渡过 [n. a structure built over a waterway, valley or road so people and vehicles can cross from one side to the other] brief - n.摘要, 大纲 - adj.简短的, 短暂的 - vt.摘要, (军事)下达简令 [ad. short; not long] bright - adj.明亮的, 辉煌的, 欢快的, 聪明的, 伶俐的 [ad. giving much light; strong and clear in color] bring - vt.拿来, 带来, 产生, 引起, 提出(诉讼) - vi.停下 [v. to come with something] broadcast - n.广播, 播音 - v.播撒(种子), 广播 [v. to send information, stories or music by radio or television; n. a radio or television program] brother - n.兄弟 [n. a male with the same father or mother as another person] brown - n.褐色 - adj.褐色的, 棕色的 - v.(使)成褐色, 晒黑 [ad. having the color like that of coffee] budget - n.预算 - vi.做预算, 编入预算 [n. a spending plan] build - v.建造, 建筑 - n.构造, 体格, 体形 [v. to join materials together to make something] building - n.建筑物, 营造物(如房屋,大楼,工厂,船等) [n. anything built for use as a house, factory, office, school, store or place of entertainment] bullet - n.子弹 [n. a small piece of metal shot from a gun] burn - v.烧, 烧焦, 点(灯), 使感觉烧热 - n.烧伤, 灼伤 [v. to be on fire; to destroy or damage by fire] burst - v.爆裂, 炸破, 急于, 爆发 - n.突然破裂, 爆发, 脉冲 [v. to break open suddenly] bury - vt.埋葬, 掩埋, 隐藏 [v. to put into the ground and cover with earth] bus - n.公共汽车 [n. a public vehicle to carry people] business - n.商业, 买卖, 交易, 生意, 事情, 事物, 营业, 商行 [n. one's work; buying and selling to earn money; trade] busy - adj.忙碌的, 热闹的, 临时占用的 [ad. doing something; very active] but - prep.除...以外 - conj.而是, 但是 - adv.几乎, 仅仅 [conj. however; other than; yet] buy - v.买 - n.购买, 买卖 [v. to get by paying something, usually money] by - prep.在附近, 在旁边, 经, 由, 依据, 按照, 通过, 用 - adv.通过, 经过, 附近 [conj. near; at; next to ("by the road"); from ("a play by William Shakespeare"); not later than ("by midnight")] ------------------------------------------------------------------------------C call - n.喊声, 叫声, 命令, 号召, 访问, 叫牌, 通话, 必要 - v.呼叫, 召集, 称呼, 认为, 命名, 打电话 [v. to give a name to ("I call myself John."); to ask for or request ("They called for an end to the fighting.")] calm - adj.(天气,海洋等)静的, 平静的, 镇静的, 沉著的 - v.(使)平静, (使)镇定, 平息 [ad. quiet; peaceful; opposite tense] camera - n.照相机 [n. a device for taking pictures] camp - n.露营地, 阵营 - vi.露营, 扎营 [n. a place with temporary housing] campaign - n.[军]战役, (政治或商业性)活动, 竞选运动 - vi.参加活动, 从事活动, 作战 [n. a competition by opposing political candidates seeking support from voters; a connected series of military actions during a war] can - vt.装进罐中, 把食品装罐 - n.罐头, 铁罐 - conj.能, 可以 [v. to be able to; to have the right to; n. a container used to hold liquid or food, usually made of metal] cancel - vt.取消, 删去 [v. to end; to stop] cancer - n.癌, 毒瘤 [n. a disease in which dangerous cells grow quickly and destroy parts of the body] candidate – candidate [n. a person who seeks or is nominated for an office or an honor] capital - n.首都, 首府, 大写字母, 资本, 资金, 资产 - adj.首都的, 重要的, 死罪的, 大写的, <口>极好的 [n. the official center of a government; the city where a country's government is] capitalism - n.资本主义 [n. an economic system in which the production of most goods and services is owned and operated for profit by private citizens or companies] capture - n.捕获, 战利品 - vt.俘获, 捕获, 夺取 [v. to make a person or animal a prisoner; to seize or take by force; to get control of]

3

car - n.汽车, 小汽车, 车辆, 客车, [铁]车厢 [n. a vehicle with wheels used to carry people; an automobile; a part of a train] care - n.注意, 照料, 烦恼, 忧虑, 由...转交 - vi.关心, 顾虑, 照顾, 喜爱 - vt.在意 [v. to like; to protect; to feel worry or interest] careful - adj.小心的, 仔细的 [ad. acting safely; with much thought] carry - n.进位, 射程, 运载 - vt.携带, 运送, 支持, 支撑, 传送, 意味 - vi.被携带, 能达到 [v. to take something or someone from one place to another] case (court) - n.事, 病例, 案例, 情形, 场合, 讼案, 容器, (语法)格 [n. a legal action] case (medical) - n.事, 病例, 案例, 情形, 场合, 讼案, 容器, (语法)格 n. an incident of disease ("There was only one case of chicken pox at the school.") cat - n.猫 [n. a small animal that often lives with humans] catch - n.捕捉, 捕获物, (窗)钩 - v.捕获, 赶上(车船等), 发觉, 感染(疾病) - vi.抓住,燃著 [v. to seize after a chase; to stop and seize with the hands] cause - n.原因, 导致某事发生的人或事, 动机, 理由, 根据, 目标, 理想, 事业 - vt.引起, 惹起, 使(发生), 促成 [v. to make happen; n. the thing or person that produces a result] ceasefire - n.停火,停战 [n. a halt in fighting, usually by agreement] celebrate - v.庆祝, 祝贺, 表扬, 赞美, 举行 [v. to honor a person or event with special activities] center - n.中心, 中央, 中心点, 中锋 - adj.中央的, 位于正中的 - vt.集中, 使聚集在一点, 定中心, 居中 - vi.居中, 有中心, 被置于中心 [n. the middle of something; the place in the middle; a place that is the main point of an activity] century - n.世纪, 百年, 百个, 板球中的一百分, 百元(钞票) [n. one hundred years] ceremony - n.典礼, 仪式, 礼节, 报幕员 [n. an act or series of acts done in a special way established by tradition] chairman - n.主席, 会长 [n. a person leading a meeting or an organized group] champion - n.冠军, 拥护者, 战士 - vt.拥护, 支持 [n. the best; the winner] chance - n.机会, 可能性, 偶然性, 运气 - v.碰巧, 偶然发生, 冒...的险 adj.偶然的 [n. a possibility of winning or losing or that something will happen] change - n.改变, 变化, 转变, 找回的零钱, 找头, 辅币 - vt.改变, 变革, 改造, 兑换 [v. to make different; to become different] charge - n.负荷, 电荷, 费用, 主管, 掌管, 充电, 充气, 装料 - v.装满, 控诉, 责令, 告诫, 指示, 加罪于, 冲锋, 收费 [v. to accuse someone of something, usually a crime; n. a statement in which someone is accused of something] chase - n.追赶, 追击 - vt.追赶, 追逐, 雕镂 [v. to run or go after someone or something] cheat - n.欺骗, 骗子 v.欺骗, 骗取 [v. to get by a trick; to steal from] cheer - n.愉快, 欢呼 - v.(使)快活, (对)欢呼 [v. to shout approval or praise] chemicals –adj.化学的和物理的 [n. elements found in nature or made by people; substances used in the science of chemistry] chemistry - n.化学 [n. the scientific study of substances, what they are made of, how they act under different conditions, and how they form other substances] chief - n.首领, 领袖, 酋长, 长官, 主要部分, 最有价值的部分 - adj.主要的, 首要的, 首席的, 主任的 [n. the head or leader of a group; ad. leading; most important] child - n.孩子, 儿女, 子孙, (头脑,空想等的)产物, 弟子, 追随者 [n. a baby; a boy or girl] children - n.(pl.)孩子, 孩子们 [n. more than one child] choose - v.选择, 选定 [v. to decide between two or more] circle - n.圆周, 圆形物, 派系, 循环 - v.围, 环绕 盘旋 [n. a closed shape that has all its points equally distant from the center, like an "O"] citizen - n.市民, 公民 [n. a person who is a member of a country by birth or by law] city - n.城市, 都市, 全体居民, 城邦 [n. any important large town] civilian - n.平民, 公务员, 文官 - adj.民间的, 民用的 [ad. not military] civil rights - 民事权利,公民权利 [n. the political, economic and social rights given equally to all people of a nation] claim - n.(根据权利提出)要求, 要求权, 主张, 要求而得到的东西 - vt.(根据权利)要求, 认领, 声称, 主张, 需要 [v. to say something as a fact] clash - n.冲突, 撞击声, 抵触 - v.(使)发出撞击声, 猛撞, 冲突 [n. a battle; v. to fight or oppose] clean - adj.清洁的, 干净的, 清白的 - v.打扫, 使干净, 清扫 [v. to make pure; ad. free from dirt or harmful substances ("clean water")] clear - adj.清楚的, 清晰的, 清澈的, 光亮的, 空旷的, 有条理的 - adv.清楚地, 完全地 - v.扫除, 清除, 晴, 跳过, 净得 [ad. easy to see or see through; easily understood] clergy - n.(集合称)圣职者, 牧师, 僧侣, 神职人员 [n. a body of officials within a religious organization] climate - n.气候, 风土, 思潮 [n. the normal weather conditions of a place] climb - v.攀登, 爬 - n.攀登, 爬 [v. to go up or down something by using the feet and sometimes the hands] clock - n.时钟 [n. a device that measures and shows time] close - v.关, 关闭, 结束, 停止, 使靠近, 靠拢, 会合, 包围 - n.结束 - adj.近的, 紧密的, 精密的, 齐根的, 封闭的, 亲密的, 闷气的 - adv.接近, 紧密地 [v. to make something not open; ad. near to] cloth - n.布, 织物, 衣料 [n. a material made from plants, chemicals, animal hair and other substances] clothes - n.衣服, [总称]被褥, 各种衣服, <美俚>家丑 [n. what people wear] cloud - n.云, 烟云, (pl.)天空, 污点 - vt.以云遮敝, 玷污, 使黯然 - vi.乌云密布, 阴沉 [n. a mass of fog high in the sky] coal - n.煤 - v.加煤 [n. a solid black substance used as fuel] coalition - n.合并, 接合, 联合 [n. forces, groups or nations joined together] coast - n.海岸, 滑坡 - v.沿海岸而行 [n. land on the edge of the ocean] coffee - n.咖啡, 咖啡树, 咖啡茶, 咖啡豆, 咖啡色 [n. a drink made from the plant of the same name] cold - n.寒冷, [物]零下温度, 伤风, 感冒 - adj.寒冷的, 使人战栗的, 冷淡的, 不热情的, 失去知觉的 [ad. not warm; having or feeling great coolness or a low temperature] collect - v.收集, 聚集, 集中, 搜集 - adj.由收件人付款的 - adv.由收件人付款地 [v. to bring or gather together in one place; to demand and receive ("collect taxes")] college - n.(综合大学中的)学院, (独立的)学院, <美>大学, <英>公学, 书院, 高等专科学院, 大学, 学会 [n. a small university] colony - n.殖民地, 侨民, (聚居的)一群同业, 一批同行, (生物)群体 [n. land controlled by another country or government] color - n.<美>(=colour)颜色, 色彩, 脸色, 风格, 外貌 - vt.给...涂颜色, 改变...的颜色, 粉饰, 脸红, 歪曲 - vi.获得颜色, 变色 [n. the different effects of light on the eye, making blue, red, brown, black, yellow and others] combine - v.(使)联合, (使)结合 - n.联合企业, 联合收割机 - n.联合收割机 [v. to mix or bring together] come - vi.来, 来临, 到达, 出现, 来(自), 出生(于), 开始 - int.嗨! - vbl.来, 到达, 合计为 [v. to move toward; to arrive] command - n.命令, 掌握, 司令部 - v.命令, 指挥, 克制, 支配, 博得, 俯临 [v. to order; to have power over something] comment - n.注释, 评论, 意见 - vi.注释, 评论 [v. to say something about; to express an opinion about something] committee - n.委员会 [n. a group of people given special work] common - adj.共同的, 公共的, 公有的, 普通的, 庸俗的, 伪劣的 - n.[复][总]平民, 公有, 普通, 共通 [ad. usual; same for all ("a common purpose")] communicate - v.沟通, 通信, (房间,道路,花园等)相通, 传达, 感染 [v. to tell; to give or exchange information] community - n.公社, 团体, 社会, (政治)共同体, 共有, 一致, 共同体, (生物)群落 [n. a group of people living together in one place or area]

4

company - n.公司, 陪伴, (一)群, (一)队, (一)伙, 连, 连队 [n. a business organized for trade, industrial or other purposes] compare - v.比较, 相比, 比喻 n.比较 [v. to examine what is different or similar] compete - vi.比赛, 竞争 [v. to try to do as well as, or better than, another or others] complete - adj.全部的, 完全的, 完成的 - vt.完成, 使完善 [ad. having all parts; ended or finished] complex - adj.复杂的, 合成的, 综合的 - n.联合体 [ad. of or having many parts that are difficult to understand; not simple] compromise - n.妥协, 折衷 - v.妥协, 折衷, 危及...的安全 [n. the settlement of an argument where each side agrees to accept less than first demanded] computer - n.计算机, 电脑 [n. an electronic machine for storing and organizing information, and for communicating with others] concern - vt.涉及, 关系到 - n.(利害)关系, 关心, 关注, 关注, 所关心的是 [n. interest, worry ("express concern about"); v. to fear ("to be concerned")] condemn - vt.判刑, 处刑, 声讨, 谴责 [v. to say a person or action is wrong or bad] condition - n.条件, 情形, 环境, 社会地位 - vt.以...为条件, 使达到要求的情况 [n. something declared necessary to complete an agreement; a person's health] conference - n.会议, 讨论会, 协商会 [n. a meeting] confirm - vt.确定, 批准, 使巩固, 使有效 - v.确认, (基督教中)给...行按手礼 [v. to approve; to say that something is true] conflict - n.斗争, 冲突 - vi.抵触, 冲突 [n. a fight; a battle, especially a long one] congratulate - vt.祝贺, 庆贺, 恭喜 [v. to praise a person or to express pleasure for success or good luck] Congress - n.(代表)大会, [C~] (美国等国的)国会, 议会 [n. the organization of people elected to make the laws of the United States (the House of Representatives and the Senate); a similar organization in other countries] connect - v.连接, 联合, 关连 [v. to join one thing to another; to unite; to link] conservative - adj.保守的, 守旧的 - n.保守派 [n. one who usually supports tradition and opposes great change] consider - vt.考虑, 照顾, 认为 [v. to give thought to; to think about carefully] constitution - n.宪法, 构造, 体质, 体格, 国体, 章程, 惯例 [n. the written general laws and ideas that form a nation's system of government] contain - vt.包含, 容纳, 容忍 - vi.自制 - v.[军]牵制(敌军) - v.[数]可被...除尽 [v. to hold; to include] container - n.容器(箱,盆,罐,壶,桶,坛子), 集装箱 [n. a box, bottle or can used to hold something] continent - n.大陆, 陆地 [n. any of the seven great land areas of the world] continue - v.继续, 连续, 延伸 [v. to go on doing or being] control - n.控制, 支配, 管理, 调节, 抑制, 控制器, 调节装置 - vt.控制, 支配, 管理(物价等), 操纵, 抑制 [v. to direct; to have power over] convention - n.大会, 协定, 习俗, 惯例 [n. a large meeting for a special purpose] cook - n.厨师 - v.烹调, 煮, 伪造 [v. to heat food before eating it] cool - n.凉爽, 凉爽的空气 - adj.凉爽, 冷静的, 无所顾虑的, 淡漠的 - v.使冷, 使镇定 [ad. almost cold] cooperate - vi.合作, 协作 [v. to act or work together] copy - n.副本, 拷贝, 摹仿, 一册 - v.复印, 复制, 拷贝, 抄袭 [v. to make something exactly like another; n. something made to look exactly like another] corn - n.<美>玉米, <英>谷物, 五谷, [医]鸡眼 - vt.腌(肉等) [n. a food grain] correct - adj.正确的, 恰当的, 端正的 - vt.改正, 纠正, 告诫, 惩戒 [ad. true; free from mistakes; v. to change to what is right] cost - n.成本, 价钱, 代价 - vt.价值为, (使)花费(金钱,时间,劳力等), 使失去(生命,健康等), 令人付出 - vi.花费 [n. the price or value of something ("The cost of the book is five dollars."); v. to be valued at ("The book costs five dollars.")] cotton - n.棉花, 棉线 [n. a material made from a plant of the same name] count - v.数, 计算, 计算在内, 认为, 有价值 - n.计数, 计算, 注意, 伯爵 [v. to speak or add numbers] country - n.国家, 国土, [总称]国民, 乡村, 故乡 - adj.乡下的, 乡村的, [方]祖国的, 故乡的 [n. a nation; the territory of a nation; land away from cities] court - n.法院, 庭院, 朝廷, 宫庭, 球场, 奉承, 求爱, 殷勤 - vt.向...献殷勤, 追求, 设法获得(他人的支持等), 博得(喝彩), 招致(失败,危险等) - vi.求爱 [n. where trials take place; where judges make decisions about law] cover - n.盖子, 封面, 藉口 - vt.覆盖, 铺, 掩饰, 保护, 掩护, 包括, 包含, 适用 - vi.覆盖, 涂, 代替 [v. to put something over a person or thing; n. anything that is put over a person or thing] cow - n.母牛, 大型母兽 - vt.威吓 [n. a farm animal used for its milk] crash - n.碰撞, 坠落, 坠毁, 撞击声, 爆裂声 - v.碰撞, 坠落, 坠毁, (指商业公司, 政府等)破产, 垮台 [v. to fall violently; to hit with great force] create - vt.创造, 创作, 引起, 造成 [v. to make; to give life or form to] creature - n.人, 动物, 傀儡, 创造物 [n. any living being; any animal or human] credit - n.信任, 信用, 声望, 荣誉, [财务]贷方, 银行存款 - vt.相信, 信任, 把...归给 [n. an agreement that payments will be made at a later time] crew - n.全体人员, (工作)队 - vbl.crow 的过去式 [n. a group of people working together] crime - n.犯罪, 犯罪行为, 罪行, 罪恶 [n. an act that violates a law] criminal - n.罪犯, 犯罪者 - adj.犯罪的, 犯法的, 罪恶的 [n. a person who is responsible for a crime] crisis - n.疾病的转折点(或转好或恶化), 决定性时刻, 危机, 危险期, 历史上的紧要关头, [医]危象, 转换期 [n. an extremely important time when something may become much better or worse; a dangerous situation] criticize - v.批评, 责备 [v. to say what is wrong with something or someone; to condemn; to judge] crops - n.农作物, 产量, 平头, 短发 - vt.收割, 修剪, 种植 - vi.收获 [n. plants that are grown and gathered for food, such as grains, fruits and vegetables] cross - n.十字, 交叉, 十字架, 十字形物 - adj.交叉的, 相反的, 乖戾的 - v.使交叉, 横过, 勾划, 错过, 反对, 杂交 [v. to go from one side to another; to go across] crowd - n.人群, 群众, 一堆(东西), 一伙 - v.群集, 拥挤, 挤满 [n. a large number of people gathered in one place] crush - vt.压碎, 碾碎, 压服, 压垮, 粉碎, (使)变形 [v. to damage or destroy by great weight; to defeat completely] cry - vi.哭, 流泪 - v.叫, 喊 - n.哭泣, 哭声, 叫喊, 喊声 [v. to express or show sorrow or pain] culture - n. all the beliefs, traditions and arts of a group or population cure - v. to improve health; to make well ("The doctor can cure the disease."); n. something that makes a sick person well ("Antibiotics are a cure for infection.") curfew - n.文化, 文明 [n. an order to people to stay off the streets or to close their businesses] current - adj.当前的, 通用的, 流通的, 现在的, 草写的, 最近的 - n.涌流, 趋势, 电流, 水流, 气流 [n. movement of air, water or electricity; ad. belonging to the present time ("She found the report in a current publication.")] custom - n.习惯, 风俗, <动词单用>海关, (封建制度下)定期服劳役, 缴纳租税, 自定义, <偶用作>关税 - v.定制, 承接定做活的 [n. a long-established belief or activity of a people] customs - n.进口税, 海关 [n. taxes on imports] cut - v.切(割,削), (直线等)相交, 剪, 截, 刺穿, 刺痛, 删节, 开辟 - n.(刀,剑,鞭等的)切削, 削减, 删节, 伤口, 切口 [v. to divide or injure with a sharp tool; to make less; to reduce]

5

------------------------------------------------------------------------------D damage - n.损害, 伤害 - v.招致损害 - n.[律] (用复数)赔偿金 [v. to cause injury or destruction; n. harm; hurt or injury, usually to things] dance - n.跳舞, 舞蹈, 舞会, 舞曲, 舞蹈艺术 - v.跳舞, 舞蹈, (旗等)飘扬 [v. to move the body and feet to music; n. a series of steps, usually to music] danger - n.危险, 危险物, 威胁 [n. a strong chance of suffering injury, damage or loss] dark - n.黑暗, 夜, 黄昏, 暗色, 无知, 模糊 - adj.黑暗的, 暗的, (头发,皮肤等)黑色的, 隐秘的, 无知的, 隐晦的, 模糊的 [ad. having little or no light ("The room was dark.")] date - n.日期, 日子, (历史上某一)年代, 时期, 约会, 枣椰子 - vt.约会, 定日期 - vi.注明...的日期, 过时 - [计] 显示或设置系统日期 [n. an expression of time; a day, month and year] daughter - n.女儿 - adj.女儿的, 如女儿的, 关系如女儿的 [n. a person's female child] day - n.天, 白天, 日子, 白昼, 黎明, 工作日, 节日, 重要日子 [n. twenty-four hours; the hours of sunlight] dead - adj.死的, 无感觉的, 呆板的, 不流动的, (语言,习惯)废弃了的, 熄灭的 - n.死者 - adv.完全地, 绝对的, 突然的 [ad. not living] deaf - adj.聋的 [ad. not able to hear] deal - n.交易, (政治上的)密约, 待遇, 份量, <口>买卖 - vi.处理, 应付, 做生意 - vt.分配, 分给(out), 发牌, 给予 [v. to have to do with ("The talks will deal with the problem of pollution."); to buy or sell ("Her company deals in plastic.")] debate - v.争论, 辩论 - n.争论, 辩论 [v. to argue for or against something; n. a public discussion or argument] debt - n.债务, 罪过 [n. something that is owed; the condition of owing] decide - v.决定, 判决 [v. to choose; to settle; to judge] declare - vt.断言, 宣称, 宣布, 宣告, 声明, (向海关)中报进口应纳税之货物 [v. to say; to make a statement] decrease - n.减少, 减少之量 - v.减少 [v. to make less in size or amount] deep - adj.深的, 纵深的, 远离中心的, 深奥的, 难懂的, (指人)诡计多端的, 低沉的(声音) - adv.深入地, 迟 - n.深渊, 深处 [ad. going far down; a long way from top to bottom] defeat - n.击败, 战胜, 失败 - vt.击败, 战胜, 使失败, 挫折 - v.击败 [v. to cause to lose in a battle or struggle; n. a loss; the condition of having lost] defend - vt.防护, 辩护, 防卫, [律]作...的辩护律师 [v. to guard or fight against attack; to protect] deficit - n.赤字, 不足额 [n. a shortage that results when spending is greater than earnings, or imports are greater than exports] define - vt.定义, 详细说明 [v. to give the meaning of; to explain] degree - n.度数, 度, 程度, [律](罪行的)轻重, 学位, 地位, 身份, [数]次数 [n. a measure of temperature] delay - v.耽搁, 延迟, 延期, 迟滞 - n.耽搁, 延迟, 迟滞 [v. to decide to do something at a later time; to postpone; to cause to be late] delegate - n.代表 - vt.委派...为代表 [n. one sent to act for another; one who represents another] demand - n.要求, 需求(量), 需要 - v.要求, 需要, 要求知道, 查询 [v. to ask by ordering; to ask with force] democracy - n.民主政治, 民主主义 [n. the system of government in which citizens vote to choose leaders or to make other important decisions] demonstrate - vt.示范, 证明, 论证 - vi.示威 [v. to make a public show of opinions or feelings ("The crowd demonstrated in support of human rights."); to explain by using examples ("The teacher demonstrated the idea with an experiment.")] denounce - vt.公开指责, 公然抨击, 谴责 [v. to accuse of being wrong or evil; to criticize severely] deny - v.否认, 拒绝 [v. to declare that something is not true; to refuse a request] depend - vi.依靠, 依赖 [v. to need help and support] deplore - v.表示悲痛 [v. to regret strongly; to express sadness] deploy - v.展开, 配置 [v. to move forces or weapons into positions for action] depression - n.沮丧, 消沉, 低气压, 低压 [n. severe unhappiness; a period of reduced business and economic activity during which many people lose their jobs] describe - vt.描写, 记述, 形容, 形容 - v.描述 [v. to give a word picture of something; to give details of something] desert - n.沙漠, 应得的赏罚, 功过 - adj.沙漠的, 不毛的, 荒凉的 - vt.放弃, 遗弃, 逃跑 - vi.逃掉, 逃亡, 开小差 [n. a dry area of land] design - n.设计, 图案, 花样, 企图, 图谋, (小说等的)构思, 纲要 - v.设计, 计划, 谋划, 构思 [v. to plan or create plans for] desire - vt.想望, 期望, 希望, 请求(官方丈礼) - n.愿望, 心愿, 要求 - v.要求 [v. to want very much; to wish for] destroy - vt.破坏, 毁坏, 消灭 - v.消灭, 摧毁 [v. to break into pieces; to end the existence of] detail - n.细节, 详情 - vt.详述, 细说 [n. a small part of something; a small piece of information] develop - vt.发展, 发达, 发扬, 进步, 逐步展开(情节,音乐主题,方程式等)洗印, 显影 - vi.发展, 生长, 发育, 逐步显示出来 [v. to grow; to create; to experience progress] device - n.装置, 设计, 图案, 策略, 发明物, 设备 - [计]安装设备驱动程序 [n. a piece of equipment made for a special purpose] dictator - n.独裁者, 独裁政权执政者, 口授令他人笔录者 [n. a ruler with complete power] die - vi.死亡, 消逝, 平息, 渴望, 漠然, 熄灭 - vt.死 - n.骰子, 钢型, 硬模, 冲模 [v. to become dead; to stop living; to end] diet - n.通常所吃的食物, 会议 [n. usual daily food and drink] different - adj.不同的 [ad. not the same] difficult - adj.困难的, 艰难的, (人)难相处的 [ad. not easy; hard to do, make or carry out] dig - v.掘, 挖, 钻研, 搜集 [v. to make a hole in the ground] dinner - n.正餐, 宴会 [n. the main amount of food eaten at a usual time ("The family had its dinner at noon."); a special event that includes food ("The official dinner took place at the White House.")] diplomat - n.外交官, 有外交手腕的人, 有权谋的人 [n. a person who represents his or her government in dealing with another government] direct - v. to lead; to aim or show the way ("He directed me to the theater."); ad. straight to something; not through some other person or thing ("The path is direct.") direction - adj.径直的, 直接的, 直系的, 直率的, [天]由西向东运行的, 顺行的 - adv.直接地 - vt.指引, 指示, 指挥, 命令, 导演 - vi.指导, 指挥 [n. the way (east, west, north, south); where someone or something came from or went to] dirt - n.污垢, 泥土 [n. earth or soil] disappear - vi.消失, 不见 [v. to become unseen; to no longer exist] disarm - vt.解除武装, 回复平常的编制, 缓和, 消除(敌意,疑虑) - vi.放下武器 [v. to take away weapons; to no longer keep weapons; to make a bomb harmless by removing its exploding device] discover - vt.发现, 发觉 - v.发现 [v. to find or learn something] discuss - vt.讨论, 论述 [v. to talk about; to exchange ideas] disease - n.疾病, 弊病 [n. a sickness in living things, often caused by viruses, germs or bacteria] dismiss - vt.解散, 下课, 开除, 解职, 使(或让)离开 - vi.解散 [v. to send away; to refuse to consider] dispute - v.争论, 辩论, 怀疑, 抗拒, 阻止, 争夺(土地,胜利等) - n.争论, 辩论, 争吵 [v. to oppose strongly by argument; n. an angry debate] dissident - n.持不同政见者 [n. a person who strongly disagrees with his or her government] distance - n. the amount of space between two places or objects ("The distance from my house to your house is two kilometers.") dive - n.距离, 远离, 一长段时间, 远方, 远景, 遥远, (时间的)间隔, (时日的)经过 [v. to jump into water head first]

6

divide - v.分, 划分, 分开, 隔开 [v. to separate into two or more parts] do - v.做, 实行, 尽力, 给予, 可用, 制作, 算出, 解答 [v. to act; to make an effort] doctor - n.医生, 博士, [古]学者, <俚>修理师 - vt.授以博士学位, 诊断, 修改, <美>治疗, 搀混(食物,饮料), 修改 - vi.行医 [n. a person trained in medicine to treat sick people] document - n.公文, 文件, 文档, 档案, 文献 - v.证明 [n. an official piece of paper with facts written on it, used as proof or support of something] dog - n.狗, 犬, 类似犬的动物, 卑鄙的人, 小人, 坏蛋 vt.跟踪, 尾随 [n. a small animal that often lives with humans] dollar - n.元, 美元 [n. United States money, one hundred cents] door - n.门, 通道, 家, 户 [n. an opening for entering or leaving a building or room] down - adj.向下的 - adv.向下, 在下面, 下去, 降下 - prep.往下, 沿著 - n.绒毛, 软毛, 开阔的高地 [ad. from higher to lower; in a low place] dream - v.做梦, 梦见, 梦想, 想到 - n.梦, 梦想 [v. to have a picture or story in the mind during sleep; n. a picture or story in the mind during sleep; a happy idea about the future] drink - n.饮料, 酒, 酗酒, 一口(或一些)饮料 - v.喝, 喝酒, (植物,土壤等的)吸水, 举杯庆贺 [v. to take liquid into the body through the mouth] drive - n.驾车, 驱动器, 快车道, 推进力, 驱使, 动力, 干劲, 击球 - vt.开车, 驱赶, 推动,发动(机器等), 驾驶(马车,汽车等) - vi.开车, 猛击, 飞跑 - n.[计] 驱动器 [v. to control a moving vehicle] drop - v.滴下, 落下, (使声音等)变弱, (使价格等)下降, 使跌倒, 使结束, 不再讨论, 停止与(某人)交往 - n.落下, 下降, 滴, 滴剂, 点滴, 微量, 下跌 [v. to fall or let fall; to go lower] drown - v.溺死, 淹死 - vt.淹没 [v. to die under water] drug - n.药, 麻药, 麻醉药, 滞销货 - vi.<俗> 吸毒 - vt.使服毒品, 毒化 [n. anything used as a medicine or in making medicine; a chemical substance used to ease pain or to affect the mind] dry - adj.干的, 干燥的, 口渴的 - vt.(使)干燥, (使)变干 - v.干燥 [ad. not wet; without rain] during - prep.在...的期间, 在...的时候 [ad. through the whole time; while (something is happening)] dust - n.灰尘, 尘土, 尘埃 - vt.掸掉...上的灰尘, 撒糖于糕上 [n. pieces of matter so small that they can float in the air] duty - n.义务, 责任, 职责, 职务, 税 [n. one's job or responsibility; what one must do because it is right and just] ------------------------------------------------------------------------------E early - adj.早的, 早熟的, 及早的, 早先的, 早期的 - adv.早, 在初期 [ad. at or near the beginning, especially the beginning of the day; opposite late] earn - vt.赚, 挣得, 获得 - v.赚得, 获得 [v. to be paid in return for work done] earth - n.地球, 陆地, 泥土, 洞穴, 地球上的人类, 尘世, [电]接地 - vt.埋入土中, 把...赶入洞内, 把...接地 - vi.躲入洞内 [n. the planet we all live on; the ground or soil] earthquake - n.地震, [喻]在震荡, 在变动 [n. a sudden, violent shaking of the earth's surface] ease - n.安逸, 安心, 不费力, 悠闲 - vt.使悠闲, 使安心, 减轻, 放松 - vi.减弱, 减轻, 放松, 灵活地移动 [v. to reduce; to make less difficult] east - n.东方, 东, 东部地区 - adj.东方的, 从向东来的 - adv.在东方, 向东方, 朝东方 [n. the direction from which the sun rises] easy - adj.容易的, 安逸的, 舒适的, 宽裕的, 小康的, 从容的, 宽容的, 流畅的 - adv.不费力的, 轻松, 悠闲, 慢慢地 - n.短暂的休息 [ad. not difficult; not hard to do] eat - v.吃, 腐蚀 [v. to take food into the body through the mouth] ecology - n.生态学, [社会]环境适应学, 均衡系统 [n. the scientific study of the environment and links among living and material things] economy - n.经济, 节约, 节约措施, 经济实惠, 系统, 机体, 经济制度的状况 [n. the system by which money, industry and trade are organized] edge - n.刀口, 利刃, 锋, 优势, 边缘, 优势, 尖锐 - vt.使锋利, 挤进, 镶边, 开刃 - vi.缓缓移动, 侧著移动 [n. the line where something ends or begins] education - n.教育, 训导, 训练, 培养, 教育学 [n. the act of teaching] effect - n.结果, 效果, 作用, 影响, (在视听方面给人流下的)印象 - vt.招致, 实现, 达到(目的等) [n. the result or change caused by something ("The storm had a serious effect on the economy.")] effort - n.努力, 成就 [n. an attempt; the work necessary to do something] egg - n.蛋, 鸡蛋, 卵 - v.怂恿, 怂恿 [n. the rounded object containing unborn young produced by female birds, fish or reptiles; a single cell in a female person or animal that can develop into a baby] either - adj.任一的, (两方中的)每一方的 - pron.任一, 随便任一个 - conj.或者, 也 [ad. one of two, but not the other] elect - vt.选举, 推选 - v.选择, 作出选择, 选举, 选举, 选举 [v. to choose by voting] electricity - n.电流, 电, 电学 [n. a form of energy that flows through wires to provide heat and light, and power to machines] embassy - n.大使及其随员, 大使的派遣, 大使馆 [n. the offices of an ambassador and his or her assistants] emergency - n.紧急情况, 突然事件, 非常时刻, 紧急事件 [n. an unexpected and dangerous situation demanding quick action] emotion - n.情绪, 情感, 感情 [n. a strong feeling such as love, hate, fear or sadness] employ - vt.雇用, 用, 使用 - v.使用 - n.雇用 [v. to give work in return for wages] empty - adj.空的, 空洞的, 空虚的 - vt.使成为空的, 倒空 - v.倒空 - adj.空的,空闲的 - v.腾空, 腾出来 [ad. having nothing inside; v. to remove everything] end - n.末端, 尽头, 结束, 目标, 限度, 梢, 末端, 死亡 - v.结束, 终结, 终止 [v. to stop; to finish; n. the part which comes last] enemy - n.敌人, 仇敌, [集合名词]敌军, [喻]大敌 - adj.敌人的, 敌方的 [n. a person opposing or hating another; a person or people of the other side in a war] energy - n.精力, 精神, 活力, [物]能量 [n. power used to do work, usually with machines; the ability and willingness to be active] enforce - vt.强迫, 执行, 坚持, 加强 [v. to make something be done] engine - n.发动机, 机车, 火车头 [n. a machine that uses energy to cause movement or to do work] engineer - n.工程师, 技师, 火车司机, 轮机员, 工兵 [n. a person who designs engines, machines, roads, bridges or railroads] enjoy - vt.享受...的乐趣, 欣赏, 喜爱 - v.满意 [v. to be pleased or satisfied by something] enough - adj.足够的, 充足的, 只够做...的 - n.充足, 足够, 很多 - adv.足够地, 充分地 - int.够了! [ad. as much as necessary; pro. the amount needed] enter - vt.进入, 加入, 参加, 登录, 开始 - vi.进去, [戏]登场, 参加 - n.输入, [计]回车 [v. to come or go into] environment - n.环境, 外界 [n. all surrounding things, conditions and influences that affect life; the natural world of land, sea, air, plants and animals] equal - adj.相等的, 均等的, 胜任的, 平静的, 合适的, 不相上下的 - n.相等的事物(或数量), 对手, 匹敌, 同辈 - vt.等于, 比得上 [ad. the same in amount, size, weight or value; having the same rights] equipment - n.装备, 设备, 器材, 装置, 铁道车辆, (一企业除房地产以外的)固定资产, 才能 [n. things, tools or machines needed for a purpose or activity] escape - n.逃, 逃亡, 溢出设备, 出口, 逃跑, [植]野生 - vi.逃脱, 避开, 溜走 - vt.逃避, 避免, 被忘掉 [v. to get free; to get away from; to get out of] especially - adv.特别, 尤其 [ad. more than others ("We liked the food, especially the fish.")] establish - vt.建立, 设立, 安置, 使定居, 使人民接受, 确定 - v.建立 [v. to bring into existence; to create]

7

estimate - v.估计, 估价, 评估 - n.估计, 估价, 评估 [v. to form an opinion about a value, size or amount using less than complete information] ethnic - adj.人种的, 种族的, 异教徒的 [ad. of or concerning people belonging to a large group because of their race, religion, language, tribe or where their ancestors lived] evaporate - v.(使)蒸发, 消失 [v. to change from a liquid into a gas] even - adj.平的, 平滑的, 偶数的, 一致的, 平静的, 恰好的, 平均的, 连贯的 - adv.[加强语气]甚至(...也), 连...都, 即使, 恰好, 正当 - vt.使平坦, 使相等-- vi.变平, 相等 - n.偶数, 偶校验 [ad. in a way not thought possible ("They survived, even though the building was destroyed.")] event - n.事件, 事变, 结果, 活动, 精力, 竞赛 [n. that which happens, especially something of importance] ever - adv.曾经, 永远, 不断地, 在任何时候, 究竟 [ad. at any time] every - adj.每一的, 每个的, 全部的, 每隔...的 [ad. each one; all] evidence - n.明显, 显著, 明白, 迹象, 根据, [物]证据, 证物 [n. material or facts that prove something; a reason for believing] evil - adj.邪恶的, 带来麻烦的, 不幸的, 有害的, 诽谤的 - n.邪恶, 不幸, 罪恶 [ad. not good; extremely bad] exact - adj.精确的, 准确的, 原样的, 精密的, 严格 - vt.强求, 急需, 要求 [ad. having no mistakes; correct in every detail] examine - v.检查, 调查, 考试 [v. to study closely] example - n.例子, 实例, 例题, 范例, 榜样, 鉴戒, 实例 [n. a part that shows what the rest of a thing or group is like] excellent - adj.卓越的, 极好的 [ad. extremely good] except - vt.除, 把...除外, 反对, 不计 - vi.反对 - prep.除了...之外, 若不是, 除非 - conj.只是, 要不是 [prep. but for] exchange - vt.交换, 调换, 兑换, 交流, 交易 - n.交换, 调换, 兑换, 交流, 交易 [v. to trade; to give or receive one thing for another] excuse - vt.原谅, 申辩, 做为...的托辞, 为...免去 - n.饶恕, 致歉, 理由, 口实, 借口, 清借条, 免去 [v. to take away blame; to pardon; to forgive; n. a reason (sometimes false) for an action] execute - vt.执行, 实行, 完成, 处死, 制成, [律]经签名盖章等手续使(证书)生效 [v. to kill] exercise - n.练习, 习题, 训练, 锻炼, 演习 - v.训练, 锻炼 - vt.行使, 使担扰 [n. an activity or effort for the purpose of improving the body or to stay in good health] exile - n.放逐, 充军, 流放, 流犯, 被放逐者 - vt.放逐, 流放, 使背井离乡 [v. to force a person to leave his or her country; to expel; n. a person who is forced to leave his or her country] exist - vi.存在, 生存, 生活, 继续存在 [v. to be; to live] expand - vt.使膨胀, 详述, 扩张 - vi.张开, 发展 [v. to make larger; to grow larger] expect - vt.期待, 预期, 盼望, 指望, <口>(料)想, 认为 [v. to think or believe that something will happen; to wait for an event] expel - v.驱逐, 开除, 排出, 发射 [v. to force out; to remove from; to send away] experience - n.vt.经验, 体验, 经历, 阅历 [v. to live through an event, situation or condition ("She experienced great pain."); n. something that one has done or lived through ("The experience caused her great pain.")] experiment - n.实验, 试验 - vi.进行实验, 做试验 [v. to test; n. a test or trial carried out to prove if an idea is true or false, or to discover something] expert - n.专家, 行家, [军](特等)射手 - adj.老练的, 内行的, 专门的 - vt.在...中当行家, 当专家 [n. a person with special knowledge or training] explain - v.解释, 说明 [v. to give reasons for; to make clear; to tell about; to tell the meaning] explode - vt.使爆炸 - vi.爆炸, 爆发, 破除, 推翻, 激发 [v. to break apart violently with a loud noise, like a bomb] explore - v.探险, 探测, 探究 [v. to travel in a place that is not well known to learn more about it; to make a careful search; to examine closely] export - vt.输出 - n.出口货, 输出, 出口, 出口商品 - v.出口 [v. to send to another country; n. something sent to another country, usually for sale] express - adj.急速的, 特殊的, 明确的 - n.快车, 快递, 专使 - vt.表达, 表示 - adv.乘快车, 以快递方式 [v. to say clearly] extend - v.扩充, 延伸, 伸展, 扩大[军]使疏开, 给予, 提供, 演化出的全文, <英>[律]对(地产等)估价 [v. to stretch out in area or length; to continue for a longer time] extra - adj.额外的, 不包括在价目内的, 特大的, 特佳的 - adv.特别地, 非常, 另外 - n.额外的人(或物), (报纸)号外, 上等产品, (电影)临时演员 [ad. more than normal, expected or necessary] extreme - adj.尽头的, 极端的, 极度的, 偏激的, 最后的 - n.极端, 极端的事物 [ad. more than the usual or accepted] extremist - n.极端主义者, 过激分子 - adj.极端主义(者) [n. a person with strong religious or political beliefs who acts in an extreme or violent way] ------------------------------------------------------------------------------F fact - n.事实, 实际, 实情, 真相, (犯罪)行为, 论据 [n. something known or proved to be true] factory - n.工厂, 制造厂, 商住花园外的代理 [n. a building or group of buildings where goods are made] fail - vi.失败, 不及格, 忘记 - vt.使失望, 舍弃, 辜负, 不及格 - n.不及格, 不及格者 [v. to not succeed; to not reach a goal] fair - adj.美丽的, 女性的, (肤色)白皙的, (头发)金黄的, 干净的, 公平的, (天气)晴朗的 - adv.公平地, 公正地, 直接地, 清楚地 - n.美好的事物, 美人, 展览 会, 市集 - vi.转晴 [ad. just; honest; what is right] fall - n.秋天, 落下, 瀑布, 降低, 落差, 采伐量, 堕落, 下降 - vi.倒下, 落下, 来临, 失守, 变成, 垮台, 下跌, 阵亡 - vt.<美><英方>击倒, 砍倒(树木) - adj.秋天的 [v. to go down quickly; to come down; to drop to the ground or a lower position] false - adj.错误的, 虚伪的, 假的, 无信义的, 伪造的, 人工的, 不老实的 - adv.欺诈地 [ad. not true; not correct] family - n.家庭, 家族, 家属, 亲属, 子女, 僚属 - adj.家庭的, 家族的 [n. the group that includes children and their parents] famous - adv.著名地,<口> 极好地 [ad. known very well to many people] far - adj.(常用于书面语)远的, 久远的, 遥远的 - adv.(表示空间或时间上的距离)远, 很远, 遥远地, 久远地, 甚远地, 很, 很晚地 - n.远处, 远方 [ad. at, to or from a great distance] farm - n.农场, 农庄, 农田 - vt.耕种 - vi.种田, 务农, 经营农场, 从事畜牧 [n. land used to grow crops and animals for food] fast - adj.紧的, 牢的, 忠实的, 快速的, 耐久的, 紧的 - adv.牢固地, 很快地, 紧紧地, 彻底地 - n.禁食, 绝食, 斋戒 - vi.绝食, 斋戒 [ad. moving or working at great speed; quick] fat - n.脂肪, 肥肉 - adj.肥大的, 丰满的, 肥的, 胖的, 油腻的 - n.文件分配表 - vt.养肥, 在...中加入脂肪 - vi.长肥 - abbr. 〈计〉文件分配表 FAT(file allocation table) [n. tissue in the bodies of humans and animals used to store energy and to keep warm; ad. thick; heavy] father - n.父亲, 岳父, 公(丈夫的父亲), 祖先, 前辈, 长辈, 神父, 创始者 - vt.当...的父亲, 保护, 创立, 治理, 发明, 培养 [n. the male parent; a man who has a child or children] fear - n.恐怖, 害怕, 担心, 敬畏 - v.害怕, 畏惧, 为...担心, 敬畏(神等) [v. to be afraid; to worry that something bad is near or may happen ("He feared falling down."); n. a strong emotion when there is danger or trouble ("He had a fear that he would fall down.")] federal - adj.联邦的, 联合的, 联邦制的, 同盟的 - n.(南北战争时期)北部联邦同盟盟员 –北京连邦软件产业发展公司,国内主要的正版软件经销商 [ad. of or having to do with a national or central government] feed - n.饲养, 饲料, (动物或婴儿的)一餐 - vt.喂养, 饲养, 放牧, 靠...为生 - vi.吃东西, 流入 [v. to give food to] feel - vt.摸, 触, 试探, 感觉, 觉得, 触摸, 以为 - vi.有知觉, (人)有某种感觉, 摸索, 同情 - n.感觉, 觉得, 触摸 [v. to have or experience an emotion; to know by touching] female - n.女性, 女人, 雌兽 - adj.女性的, 女子的, 妇女的, 雌的, 柔弱的, (声, 色)柔和的 [n. a woman or girl; the sex that gives birth; ad. of or about women]

8

fence - n.栅栏, 围墙, 剑术 - vt.用篱笆围住, 练习剑术, 防护 - vi.击剑, 围以栅栏, 跳过栅栏, 搪塞 [n. something around an area of land to keep animals or people in or out] fertile - adj.肥沃的, 富饶的, 能繁殖的 [ad. rich in production of plants or animals; producing much] few - adj.很少的, 不多的, 少数的 - n.[表示否定]很少数, 几乎没有 [ad. not many; a small number of] field - n.原野, 旷野, 领域, (一块)田地, 牧场, 域, 战场, 运动场 - vt.把(谷物等)暴晒于场上, 使上场 - vi.担任场外队员 - adj.田间的, 野生的, 野外的, 田赛 的扫描场 [n. an area of open land, usually used to grow crops or to raise animals] fierce - adj.凶猛的, 猛烈的, 热烈的, 暴躁的<美>极讨厌的, 难受的, <英方>精力旺盛的 [ad. extremely strong; violent; angry] fight - n.打架, 战斗, 斗志 - vi.打仗, 搏斗, 对抗, 打架 - vt.与...打仗, 指挥战斗, 反对...提案 [v. to use violence or force; to attempt to defeat or destroy an enemy; n. the use of force; a battle] fill - vt.装满, 注满, 充满, 填充, 弥漫, 供应, 供给, 满足 - vi.充满 - n.满足, 饱, 充分, 填方 - v.填充 [v. to put or pour something into a container until there is space for no more] film - n.薄膜, 膜层, 胶卷, 影片, 薄雾, 轻烟, 电影 - vt.在...上覆以薄膜, 拍成电影 - vi.生薄膜, 变成朦胧, 拍电影 [v. to record something so it can be seen again; to make a motion picture or movie; n. a thin piece of material for making pictures with a camera; a movie] final - n.结局, 决赛, 期末考试, <口>报纸(在一天中)最晚版 - adj.最后的, 最终的, 决定性的 [ad. at the end; last] financial - adj.财政的, 金融的 [ad. of or about the system that includes the use of money, credit, investments and banks] find - vt.找到, 发现, 感到, 查明, 得到, 认为, 见到...的存在 - vi.裁决 - n.发现 [v. to discover or learn something by searching or by accident; to decide a court case ("The jury finds the man guilty of murder.")] fine - adj.美好的, 优良的, 杰出的, 精美的, 杰出的, 细, 纤细, 纯粹 - n.罚款, 罚金, 晴天, 精细 - vt.罚款, 精炼, 澄清 - vi.变清, 变细 - adv.<口>很好, 妙, [常用于构成复合词]细微地, 精巧地 [n. a payment ordered by a court to punish someone for a crime; ad. very good; very small or thin] finish - n.完成, 结束, 磨光, 末道漆, 完美 - vt.完成, 结束, 用完, 毁掉, 使完美 - vi.结束, 终结, 停止, 终止 [v. to complete; to end] fire - n.火, 炉火, 火灾, 失火, 闪光, 炮火, 热情, 激情 - vt.点燃, 烧制, 使发光, 给(炉子等)加燃料, 放枪, 激动, <口>解雇 - vi.开枪, 射击, 著火, 烧火, 激 动 [v. to shoot a gun; n. the heat and light produced by something burning] fireworks - n.烟火, 激烈争论 [n. rockets producing bright fire in the sky, used in holiday celebrations] firm - n.公司, (合伙)商号 - adj.结实的, 坚硬的, 坚定的, 坚固的, 牢固的, 稳固的, 严格的 - vt.使牢固, 使坚定 - vi.变稳固, 变坚实 - adv.稳固地, 坚定 [ad. not easily moved or changed ("She is firm in her opinion.")] first - adv.首先, 最初, 第一(列举条目等用), 优先 - adj.第一的 - num.第一(个) - n.开始, 第一, (比赛)冠军 [ad. coming before all others] fish - n.鱼, 鱼肉, 鱼类, 接合板 - vt.钓, 钓鱼, 查出, 用接合板连接 - vi.捕鱼, 钓鱼, 用钩捞取, 间接探听, 拉摸索寻找 [n. a creature that lives and can breathe in water] fit - n.突然发作, 适合, 痉挛, 一阵 - adj.合适的, 恰当的, 健康的, ,准备好的 - vt.适合, 安装, 使合身, 使适应, 使合格 - vi.适合, 符合 [v. to be of the correct size or shape ("These shoes fit my feet.")] fix - vt.使固定, 装置, 修理, 准备, 安装, 凝视, 整理, 牢记 - vi.固定, 注视, 决定, 选定, 确定 - n.困境, 方位, 贿赂 [v. to make good or right again] flag - n.旗, 标记 - v.标记 [n. a piece of colored cloth used to represent a nation, government or organization] flat - adj.平坦的, 扁平的, 单调的, 倒下的, 浅的, 干脆的, 无聊的, 无力的 - adv.平直地, 仰卧地, 恰恰, 正好, 断然地 - n.平面, 平地, 一层, 公寓 - v.(使) 变平, (使)降半音 [ad. smooth; having no high places] flee - vt.逃避, 逃跑, 逃走 - vi.消散, 逃, 消失 [v. to run away from] float - n.漂流物, 浮舟, 漂浮, 浮萍, 彩车 - vi.浮动, 飘浮, 散播, 摇摆, 漂浮, 动摇(计划等)付诸实行 - vt.使漂浮, 容纳, 淹没, 发行, 实行, 用水注满 [v. to be on water without sinking; to move or be moved gently on water or through air] flood - n.洪水, 水灾, (因雨)涨潮, [诗]水 - vt.淹没, 使泛滥, 注满, 充满 - vi.被水淹, 溢出, 涌进, 喷出, 涌出 [v. to cover with water; n. the movement of water out of a river, lake or ocean onto land] floor - n.(房间, 走廊等的)地面, 地板, 基底, (室内的)场地, 层, 海底, 议员席 - vt.在...上铺(地板), 击倒, (被困难)难倒 [n. the bottom part of a room for walking on ("The book fell to the floor."); the level of a building ("The fire was on the first floor.")] flow - n.流程, 流动, (河水)泛滥, 洋溢 - vi.流动, 涌流, 川流不息, 飘扬 - vt.溢过, 淹没 [v. to move like a liquid] flower - n.花, 开花的植物, 花卉, 精华, 盛时 - vi.开花, 旺盛, 成熟 - vt.用花装饰, 使开花 [n. the colored part of plants that carry seeds] fluid - n.流动性, 流度 - adj.流动的, 不固定的, 可改变的, 可另派用场的, 流畅的 [n. any substance that can flow, such as a liquid] fly - n.苍蝇, 两翼昆虫, 飞行 - vi.飞翔, 飘扬, 溃逃 - vt.飞越, 使飘扬, 逃脱 - adj.机敏的, 敏捷的 [v. to move through the air with wings, like a bird or airplane; to travel in an airplane or flying vehicle] fog - n.雾, 烟雾, 尘雾, 迷惑, 苔藓 - vi.被雾笼罩, 变模糊 - vt.使困惑, 以雾笼罩 [n. a mass of wet air that is difficult to see through; a cloud close to the ground] follow - vt.跟随, 追随, 沿...而行, 理解, 遵循, 从事, 追求, 注视 - vi.跟随, 接著 - n.跟随, 追随 [v. to come or go after; to accept the rule or power of; to obey] food - n.食物, 养料 [n. that which is taken in by all living things for energy, strength and growth] fool - n.愚人, 白痴, 莽汉, 受骗者, 奶油拌水果 - vt.愚弄, 欺骗, 浪费 - vi.干傻事, 开玩笑, 游荡 - adj.傻的 [v. to make someone believe something that is not true; to trick; n. a person who is tricked easily] foot - n.足, 底部, 英尺, 音步(英诗), 步调, 步兵, 末尾 - vt.走在...上, 支付, 给...换底, 结算 - vi.步行, 跳舞, 总计 [n. the bottom part of the leg; the part of the body that touches the ground when a person or animal walks] for - prep.(表示目的)为了, 因为, 至于, 对于, 适合于 - conj.因为 [prep. because of ("He is famous for his work."); in exchange ("Give me one dollar for the book."); through space or time ("They travelled for one hour."); representative of ("I speak for all people."); to be employed by ("She works for a computer company.")] force - n.力量, 武力, 精力, 魄力, 势力, 暴力, [复]军队, 影响力 - vt.强制, 强加, (用武力)夺取, 促使, 推动, 施加压力 [v. to make someone do something or make something happen by using power; n. power, strength; strength used against a person or object; military power of a nation; a military group] foreign - adj.外国的, 外交的, 外国产的, 外来的, [医]异质的, 不相关的 [ad. of, about or from another nation; not from one's own place or country] forest - n.森林, 林木, <英>御猎场 - adj.森林的, 住在森林中的 - vt.植树于 [n. a place of many trees] forget - vt.忘记, 忽略 - vi.忘记, 忘形, 忘乎所以 [v. to not remember] forgive - vt.原谅, 饶恕, 宽免(某人)之债务 [v. to pardon; to excuse; to remove guilt] form - n.形状, 形态, 外形, 表格, 形式 - v.形成, 构成, 排列, (使)组成 [v. to make; to start; to shape ("They formed a swim team."); n. a kind ("Swimming is a form of exercise.") former - ad. earlier in time; not now] forward - adj.早的, 迅速的, 前进的 - vt.转寄, 促进, 运送 - adv.向前地, 向将来 - n.[体](足球等)前锋 [ad. the direction in front of; toward the front] free - adj.自由的, 大方的, 免费的, 免税的, 丰富的, 空闲的 - vt.释放, 使自由 - adv.自由地, 免费 [v. to release; ad. not controlled by another or by outside forces; not in prison; independent; not limited by rules; without cost] freedom - n.自由, 自主, 直率, 特权 [n. the condition of being free] freeze - v.(使)结冰, (使)冷冻, 冻结 [v. to cause or to become very cold; to make or to become hard by cold] fresh - adj.新鲜的, 无经验的, 生的, 冒失的, 鲜艳的 - adv.最新地, 刚刚 - n.开始, 泛滥 [ad. newly made or gathered; recent] friend - n.朋友, 赞助者, 助手 [n. a person one likes and trusts] frighten - vt.使惊吓 - vi.惊恐 [v. to cause great fear]

9

from - prep.从, 今后, 来自, 由于 [prep. having a person, place or thing as a beginning or cause ("It is a message from the president."); at a place distant, not near ("The school is five kilometers from my home."); because of ("He is suffering from cancer.")] front - n.前面, 开头, 前线, (政治上的)阵线, 态度, 外表 - vt.面对, 朝向, 对付 - vi.朝向 [n. the forward part; the opposite of back; the beginning; the first part] fruit - n.水果, 果实, 果类, 成果 - vi.结果实 [n. food from trees and plants] fuel - n.燃料 - vt.加燃料, 供以燃料 - vi.得到燃料 [n. any substance burned to create heat or power] full - n.全部, 完整 - adj.充满的, 完全的, 丰富的, 完美的, 详尽的, 丰满的 - adv.完全地, 整整, 十分 - vt.把衣服缝得宽大 [ad. containing as much as a person or thing can hold; complete] fun - n.娱乐, 玩笑, 嬉笑, 有趣的人或事物 - vi.开玩笑 - adj.供娱乐用的 [n. anything that is pleasing and causes happiness] funeral - n.葬礼, 出殡 [n. a ceremony held in connection with the burial or burning of the dead] future - n.未来, 将来, 前途, 远景 - adj.未来的, 将来的 [n. time after now ("We can talk about it in the future."); ad. in the time to come ("All future meetings will be held in this room.")] ------------------------------------------------------------------------------G game - n.比赛, 游戏, 竞赛, [复]运动会, 玩耍, 比分, 比赛规则, 策略 - vi.赌博 - adj.勇敢的, 有胆量的, 关于野味的, 跛的 [n. an activity with rules in which people or teams play or compete, usually sports] gas - n.气体, 煤气, 毒气, 汽油, [矿]瓦斯 [n. any substance that is not solid or liquid; any substance that burns to provide heat, light or power] gather - n.集合, 聚集 - vi.集合, 聚集, 渐增, 蹙眉, 化脓 - vt.使聚集, 搜集, 积聚, 推断 [v. to bring or come together into a group or place; to collect] general - n.普通, 将军, 概要 - adj.一般的, 普通的, 综合的, 概括的, 全面的, 大体的 - n.常规 [n. a high military leader; ad. without details; affecting or including all or almost all] gentle - adj.温和的, 文雅的 [ad. soft; kind; not rough or violent] get - vt.获得, 变成, 收获, 使得, 挣得, 受到(惩罚,打击等), 染上, 抓住 - vi.到达, 成为, 变得 - n.生殖, 幼兽 [v. to receive; to gain; to go and bring back; to become; to become the owner of] gift - n.赠品, 礼物, 天赋, 才能 [n. something given without cost] girl - n.女孩, 少女, 女仆, (商店等的)女工作人员 [n. a young female person] give - n.弹性, 可弯性 - vt.给, 授予, 供给, 献出, 让步, 引起, 发表, 捐助 - vi.捐赠, 让步 [v. to present to another to keep without receiving payment] glass - n.玻璃, 玻璃制品, 玻璃杯, 镜子, 眼镜, 望远镜, 气压计, 晴雨表 - vt.装玻璃于, 反映 - vi.成玻璃状 [n. a hard, clear material that is easily broken, used most often for windows or for containers to hold liquids] go - vi.离去, 走, 进行, 变成, 趋于, 达到, 求助于, 诉诸 - vt.以...打赌, 忍受, 出产 - n.去, 进行 [v. to move from one place to another; to leave] goal - n.目的, 目标, 守门员, 球门, (球赛等的)得分 [n. that toward which an effort is directed; that which is aimed at; the end of a trip or race] god - n.神, 上帝, 神像, 偶像 - vt.使神化 [n. the spirit that is honored as creator of all things ("They believe in God."); a spirit or being believed in many religions to have special powers] gold - n.黄金, 金币 - adj.金的, 金制的 [n. a highly valued yellow metal] good - n.好, 好事, 慷慨的行为, 好处, 利益 - adj.优良的, 上等的, 虔诚的, 愉快的, 慈善的, 好心的, 有益的 [ad. pleasing; helpful; kind; correct; not bad] goods - n.货物, <美俚>工具 [n. things owned or made to be sold] govern - v.统治, 支配, 管理 [v. to control; to rule by military or political power] government - n.政府, <英>内阁, 政治, 政体 [n. a system of governing; the organization of people that rules a country, city or area] grain - n.谷物, 谷类, 谷粒, 细粒, 颗粒, 粮食 [n. the seed of grass plants used for food, such as wheat, rice and corn; those plants that produce the seeds] granddaughter - n.孙女 [n. the daughter of a person's daughter or son] grandfather - n.祖父, 始祖 [n. the father of a person's father or mother] grandmother - n.祖母 [n. the mother of a person's father or mother] grandson - n.孙子 [n. the son of a person's daughter or son] grass - n.草 [n. a plant with long, narrow, green leaves] gray - n.灰色, 暗淡, 灰暗 - adj.灰色的, 灰白的, 老的, 老练的, 阴沉的, <美俚>广告商的, 广告业的 - v.(使)变灰色 [ad. having the color like that made by mixing black and white] great - adj.伟大的, 大的, 强烈的, 非常的, 主要的, 大写的, 重大的, 崇高的 - adv.顺利地, 得意地 - n.全部, 大人物, 大师 [ad. very large or more than usual in size or number; very good; important green - ad. having the color like that made by mixing yellow and blue; having the color like that of growing leaves and grass] grind - v.磨(碎), 碾(碎), 折磨 [v. to reduce to small pieces by crushing] ground - n.地面, 土地, 战场, 场所, 范围 - adj.土地的, 地面上的 - vt.把...放在地上, 使搁浅, 打基础 - vi.具有基础, 著陆, 搁浅 - vbl.grind 的过去式 [n. land; the earth's surface; soil] group - n.团体, 组, 团, 群, 批, [地]界, [化]基 - v.聚合, 成群 [n. a number of people or things together; a gathering of people working for a common purpose] grow - vi.生长, 成长, 渐渐变得, 增长, 增高 - vt.种植, 栽培, 培育 [v. to develop or become bigger; to increase in size or amount] guarantee - n.保证, 保证书, 担保, 抵押品 - vt.保证, 担保 [v. to promise a result; to promise that something will happen] guard - n.守卫, 警戒, 护卫队, 防护装置 - vt.保卫, 看守, 当心 - vi.防止, 警惕, 警卫 [v. to watch and protect a person, place or thing ("He guards the president."); n. a person or thing that watches or protects ("He is a prison guard.")] guerrilla - n.[古]游击战, 游击队 [n. a person who fights as part of an unofficial army, usually against an official army or police] guide - n.领路人, 导游者, 向导, 引导者, 指南 - vt.指导, 支配, 管理, 带领, 操纵 - vi.任向导 [v. to lead to; to show the way; n. one who shows the way] guilty - adj.犯罪的, 有罪的, 心虚的 [ad. having done something wrong or in violation of a law; responsible for a bad action] gun - n.炮, 枪, <美>手枪, 油门 - vi.用枪射击, 用枪打猎, 加大油门快速前进 - vt.向...开枪, 开大(引擎,汽车)的油门 [n. a weapon that shoots bullets] ------------------------------------------------------------------------------H half - n.一半, 半时, (球赛)半场, 半学年 - adj.一半的, 不完全的, 半途的 - adv.一半地, 部分地, 相当的 [n. one of two equal parts of something] halt - n.停止, 暂停, 中断 - vt.使停止, 使立定 - vi.立定, 停止, 踌躇, 有缺点 [v. to come or cause to come to a stop; to stop] hang - n.悬挂的方式, (动作的)暂停, 中止 - vt.悬挂, 附著, 装饰, 绞死, 踌躇, 使悬而未决, 垂下 - vi.悬著, 垂下, 被绞死, 悬而不决 [v. to place something so the highest part is supported and the lower part is not; to kill by hanging] happen - vi.发生, 碰巧, 偶然 - v.发生, 恰巧, 偶然发现 [v. to become a fact or event; to take place] happy - adj.快乐的, 幸福的, 陶醉于...的, 恰当的 [ad. pleased; satisfied; feeling good; not sad] hard - adj.硬的, 坚固的, (问题, 工作等)困难的, 艰苦的, 猛烈的, 确实的 - adv.努力地, 辛苦地, 坚硬地, 牢固地, 接近地, 猛烈地 [ad. not easily cut or broken; solid; difficult to do or understand; needing much effort or force]

10

harm - vt.伤害, 损害 - n.伤害, 损害 [v. to injure; to damage; n. damage; hurt] harvest - n.收获, 收成, 结果, 成果 - v.收获, 收割 [v. to gather crops; n. the crop after it is gathered] hat - n.帽子 - vt.戴帽子 [n. a head cover] hate - vt.憎恨, 恨, 不愿, 不喜欢 - n.憎恶, 憎恨 - v.憎恨, 讨厌, 不愿 [v. to have strong emotions against; to consider as an enemy; opposite love] have - vt.有, 持有, 拿, 从事(某事) - aux.已经 [v. to possess; to own; to hold] he - pron.他 - n.男, 雄 [pro. the boy or man who is being spoken about] head - n.头, 头脑, 领袖, (队伍, 名单等)最前的部分, 人, 顶点 - vt.作为...的首领, 朝向, 前进, 用头顶 - vi.成头状物, 出发 - adj.头的, 主要的 [v. to lead; to command; n. leader; chief; the top part of something; the highest position] headquarters - n.司令部, 指挥部, 总部 [n. the center from which orders are given; the main offices of a business or organization] heal - v.治愈, 医治, 结束 [v. to return to good health; to cure; to become well] health - n.健康, 健康状态, 兴旺, 为健康干杯 [n. the general condition of the body and mind; the condition of being free from sickness or disease] hear - vt.听到, 听说, 听取, 审理, 允许 - vi.听见, 听到 [v. to receive sound through the ears; to receive news about] heat - n.热, 热度, 热烈, 高潮, 压力 - vi.加热, 激昂, 发热, 发怒 - vt.把...加热, 使激动 [v. to make hot or warm; n. great warmth; that which is produced by burning fuel; energy from the sun] heavy - adj.重的, 繁重的, 巨大的, 沉重的, 阴沉的 - adv.沉重地, 笨重地, 大量地 - n.重物, 严肃角色 [ad. having much weight; not easy to lift; of great amount or force] helicopter - n.直升(飞)机, 直升机 [n. a machine without wings that can fly up or down or remain in one place above the ground] help - n.帮忙, 补救办法, 助手, 治疗, <美>佣工 - vt.帮助, 助长, 接济, 治疗, 款待 - vi.有用, 救命, 招待 [v. to give support; to assist; to make easier; n. support; aid] here - adv.在这里, 此时, 这时, [宗]在尘世间 - n.这里 [ad. in, to or at this place] hero - n.英雄, 男主角, 男主人公 [n. a person honored for being brave or wise] hide - n.兽皮, 皮革 - v.剥...的皮, 痛打, 隐藏, 掩藏, 隐瞒, 掩饰 [v. to prevent from being seen or found; to make secret] high - n.高度, 高处 - adj.高的, 高原的, 高等的, 高音的, 傲慢的, 高尚的, 昂贵的, 严重的 - adv.高度地, 奢侈地, 高价地 [ad. tall; far up; far above the ground; important; above others] hijack - vt.抢劫, 劫持, 劫机, 揩油 [v. to seize or take control of a vehicle by force] hill - n.小山, 丘陵, 斜坡, 山岗 [n. a small mountain] history - n.历史, 历史学, 过去的事(的记载), 来历, 历史记录 [n. the written record or description of past events; the study of the past] hit - n.打击, 打, 碰撞, 讽刺, (演出等)成功 - vt.打, 打击, 碰撞, 击中, 袭击, 偶然发现, 伤...的感情, 找到 - vi.打, 打中, 打击, 碰撞, 偶然碰上 [v. to strike; to touch with force] hold - n.把握, 把持力, 柄, 控制, 监禁, 掌握, 货舱 - vt.拿著, 保存, 支持, 占据, 持有, 拥有 - vi.支持, 保持, 有效 - n.控制, 保留 [v. to carry or support, usually in the hands or arms; to keep in one position; to keep as a prisoner; to contain; to possess; to occupy; to organize and be involved in ("The two sides hold talks this week.")] hole - n.洞, 孔, 突破口 - v.凿洞 [n. an opening; a torn or broken place in something] holiday - n.假日, 节日, 假期 [n. a day when one does not work; a day on which no work is done to honor or remember a person or event] holy - adj.神圣的, 圣洁的 - n.神圣的东西 [ad. greatly honored in religion] home - n.家, 住宅, 家乡, 本国, 产地, 避难所 - adj.家庭的, 国内的, 有效的 - adv.在家, 回家, 深入地, 在本国 [n. the building where a person lives, especially with family; the place where one was born or comes from; the area or country where one lives] honest - adj.诚实的, 正直的 [ad. truthful; able to be trusted] honor - n.尊敬, 敬意, 荣誉, 光荣 - vt.尊敬, 给以荣誉 [v. to obey; to show strong, good feelings for ("to honor one's parents"); n. an award; an act of giving special recognition ("He received many honors for his efforts to help others.")] hope - n.希望, 信心 - v.希望, 盼望, 期待, 信赖 [v. to expect; to believe there is a good chance that something will happen as wanted; to want something to happen] horrible - adj.可怕的, 恐怖的, 讨厌的 [ad. causing great fear; terrible] horse - n.马, [总称]骑兵, 脚架, 马力 - vi.骑马, 作弄人 - vt.使骑马, 系马于 [n. a large animal often used for racing, riding or farm work] hospital - n.医院 [n. a place where sick or injured people are given medical care] hostage - n.人质, 抵押品 [n. a person captured and held as a guarantee that a demand or promise will be honored] hostile - adj.敌对的, 敌方的 - n.敌对 [ad. ready to fight; ready for war] hot - adj.热的, 热情的, 辣的, 激动的, 紧迫的, 节奏强的 - adv.热, 热切的, 紧迫地 [ad. having or feeling great heat or a high temperature] hotel - n.旅馆, 客栈, <俚>监狱 [n. a building with rooms, and often food, for travelers] hour - n.小时, 钟头, ...点钟, 课时, (一段)时间 [n. a measure of time; sixty minutes] house - n.房子, 住宅, 库房, 机构, 家庭, 家族, 议院, 剧场 - vt.给...房子住, 收藏, 覆盖 - vi.住, 躲藏(up) [n. a building in which people live; a country's parliament or lawmaking group ("House of Representatives")] how - adv.(指方式, 方法, 健康状况等)怎样, (指范围, 程度, 数量, 价值)多少, 多麼 - n.方式(或方法) [ad. in what way; to what amount however - conj. yet; but] huge - adj.巨大的, 极大的, 无限的 [ad. very big; of great size] human - n.人, 人类 - adj.人的, 人类的, 人性的, 有同情心的 [ad. of or about people] humor - n.幽默, 心情, 诙谐 - vt.迎合, 牵就, 顺应 [n. the ability to understand, enjoy or express what makes people laugh] hunger - n.饥饿, 欲望, 渴望 - v.饥饿 [n. the need for food] hunt - v.打猎, 猎取, 搜索, 搜寻, 猎获 - n.打猎, 猎取, 搜索, 搜寻, 狩猎 [v. to search for animals to capture or kill them; to seek; to try to find] hurry - v.(使)赶紧, (使)匆忙, 加速 - n.匆忙, 仓促 [v. to do or go fast] hurt - v.刺痛, 伤害, (使)痛心, (使)伤感情, 危害, 损害, 受伤 - n.伤痛, 伤害 [v. to cause pain, injury or damage] husband - n.丈夫 [n. a man who is married] ------------------------------------------------------------------------------I ice - n.冰冻食品 - vt.冰冻, 覆以冰 - vi.结冰 [n. frozen water] idea - n.想法, 念头, 意见, 主意, 思想, 观念, 概念 [n. a thought or picture in the mind; a belief] identify - vt.识别, 鉴别, 把...和...看成一样 - v.确定 [v. to recognize someone or something and to say who or what they are] if - conj.(表条件)如果, (表假设)要是, 是否, 即使 - n.条件, 设想 [conj. on condition; provided that ("I will go if you go.")] illegal - adj.违法的, 不合规定的 [ad. not legal; in violation of a law] imagine - vt.想象, 设想 [v. to make a picture in the mind; to form an idea] immediate - adj.直接的, 紧接的, 紧靠的, 立即的, 知觉的 [ad. without delay; very near in time or place] import - n.进口货(常用复数), 进口, 输入, 意思, 重要性 - vt.输入, 进口, 含...的意思, 重要, 引入 - vi.有关系, 有重要性 [v. to bring from another country; n. something brought from another country, usually for sale] important - adj.重要的, 重大的, 有权力的, 有地位的 [ad. having great meaning, value or power]

11

improve - v.改善, 改进 [v. to make better; to become better] in - prep.在...之内(上), 在...期间, 从事于, 符合, 穿著 - adv.进入, 朝里, 在家, 已到达(来临) - adj.在里面的, 执政的 - n.执政者, 入口 [prep. inside; held by; contained by; surrounded by; during] incident - n.事件, 事变 - adj.附带的, 易于发生的 [n. an event or something that happens] incite - vt.激动, 煽动 [v. to urge or cause an action or emotion, usually something bad or violent] include - vt.包括, 包含 [v. to have; to make a part of] increase - n.增加, 增大, 增长 - vt.增加, 加大 - vi.增加, 繁殖 [v. to make more in size or amount] independent - n.中立派, 无党派者 - adj.独立自主的, 不受约束的 [ad. not influenced by or controlled by another or others; free; separate] individual - n.个人, 个体 - adj.个别的, 单独的, 个人的 [n. one person] industry - n.工业, 产业, 行业, 勤奋 [n. any business that produces goods or provides services; the work and related activity in factories and offices; all organizations involved in manufacturing] infect - vt.[医] 传染, 感染 [v. to make sick with something that causes disease] inflation - n.胀大, 夸张, 通货膨胀, (物价)暴涨 [n. a continuing rise in prices while the value of money goes down] influence - n.影响, 感化, 势力, 有影响的人(或事), (电磁)感应 - vt.影响, 改变 [v. to have an effect on someone or something; to cause change] inform - v.(~ of/about) 通知, 告诉, 获悉, 告知 [v. to tell; to give knowledge to] information - n.通知, 报告, 消息, 情报, 知识, 见闻, 资料, 起诉,信息 [n. knowledge; facts] inject - vt.注射, 注入 [v. to force a fluid into, such as putting medicine or drugs into the body through the skin] injure - vt.损害, 伤害 - v.伤害 [v. to cause harm or damage to a person or animal] innocent - adj.(~ of) 清白的, 无罪的, 天真的, 无知的 [ad. not guilty of a crime; not responsible for a bad action] insane - adj.患精神病的, 精神病患者的, 极愚蠢的 [ad. mentally sick] insect - n.昆虫, 卑鄙的人 - adj..虫的, 虫子一样的, 对付虫子的 [n. a very small creature, usually with many legs and sometimes with wings] inspect - vt.检查, 视察 - v.检查 [v. to look at something carefully; to examine, especially by an expert] instead - adv.代替, 改为, 抵作, 更换 [ad. in the place of; taking the place of] instrument - n.工具, 手段, 器械, 器具, 手段 [n. a tool or device designed to do something or to make something] insult - n.侮辱, 凌辱 - vt.侮辱, 凌辱 [v. to say something or to do something that makes another person angry or dishonored] intelligence - n.智力, 聪明, 智能 [n. the ability to think or learn; information gathered by spying] intelligent - adj.聪明的, 伶俐的, 有才智的, [计]智能的 [ad. quick to understand or learn] intense - adj.强烈的, 剧烈的, 热切的, 热情的, 激烈的 [ad. very strong; extremely serious] interest - n.兴趣, 关心, 重要性, 影响, 利息, [常 pl.] 利益, 利害 - vt.使发生兴趣, 引起...的注意 [n. what is important to someone ("He acted to protect his interests." "She had a great interest in painting."); a share in owning a business; money paid for the use of money borrowed] interfere - vi.干涉, 干预, 妨碍, 打扰 [v. to get in the way of; to work against; to take part in the activities of others, especially when not asked to do so] international - adj.国际的, 世界的 - n.国际性组织, 国际比赛 [ad. of or about more than one nation or many nations; of the whole world] intervene - vi.干涉, 干预, 插入, 介入, (指时间)介于其间 - v.干涉 [v. to come between; to come between in order to settle or solve] invade - vt.侵略, 侵袭, 拥挤 [v. to enter an area or country by force with an army] invent - vt.发明, 创造 - v.发明 [v. to plan and make something never made before; to create a new thing or way of doing something] invest - v.投(资), 购买(有用之物)~, 授予, 投资 [v. to give money to a business or organization with the hope of making more money] investigate - v.调查, 研究 [v. to study or examine all information about an event, situation or charge; to search for the truth] invite - vt.邀请, 引起 - n.邀请 [v. to ask someone to take part in or join an event, organization or gathering] involve - vt.包括, 笼罩, 潜心于, 使陷于 [v. to take part in; to become a part of; to include] iron - n.铁, 熨斗, 坚强, 烙铁, 镣铐 - vt.烫平, 熨, 用铁装备 - vi.烫衣服 [n. a strong, hard metal used to make machines and tools] island - n.岛, 岛屿, 岛状物(孤立状态的物), 安全岛 - vt.使成岛状, 孤立 [n. a land area with water all around it] issue - n.出版, 发行, (报刊等)期,号, 论点, 问题, 结果, (水, 血等的)流出 - vi.发行, 流出, 造成...结果, 进行辩护, 传下 - vt.使流出, 放出, 发行(钞票等), 发布(命令), 出版(书等)发给 [n. an important problem or subject that people are discussing or arguing about] it - pron.它 [pro. a thing, place, event or idea that is being spoken about ("The sky is blue, but it also has a few white clouds.")] ------------------------------------------------------------------------------J jewel - n.宝石 [n. a valuable stone, such as a diamond or emerald] job - n.工作, 零活, <口>职位, 事情,〈圣经〉约伯,极有耐心的人 - vi.做零工, 打杂, 做股票经纪, 假公济私 - vt.代客买卖(股票,货物等), 批发, 承包, 欺骗 [n. the work that one does to earn money] join - vi.参加, 结合, 加入 - vt.连接, 结合, 参加, 加入 - n.连接, 结合, 接合点 [v. to put together or come together; to become part of or a member of] joint - n.接缝, 接合处, 接合点, 关节, (牛,羊等的腿)大块肉 - adj.共同的, 联合的, 连接的, 合办的 - vt.连接, 接合, 使有接头 - vi.贴合, 生节 [ad. shared by two or more] joke - n.笑话, 玩笑 - v.(和...)开玩笑 [n. something done or said to cause others to laugh] judge - n.法官, 审判员, 裁判员, 鉴赏家, 鉴定人, (J-)最高的审判者 - vt.审理, 鉴定, 判断, 判决, 断定, 认为 - vi.下判断, 作评价 [v. to form an opinion about; to decide a question, especially a legal one; n. a public official who decides problems of law in a court jump - v. to push down on the feet and move up quickly into the air jury - n. a group of people chosen to decide what is true in a trial] just - adj.正义的, 公正的, 正确的, 应得的, 有充分根据的 adv.正好, 仅仅, 刚才, 只是, 不过 [ad. only ("Help me for just a minute."); very shortly before or after the present ("He just left."); at the same time ("He left just as I came in."); what is right or fair ("The law is just, in my opinion.")] ------------------------------------------------------------------------------K kick - v.踢 - n.踢 [v. to hit with the foot] kidnap - vt.诱拐(小孩), 绑架, 勒赎 [v. to seize and take away by force] kill - v.杀死, 毁掉, 杀伤 [v. to make dead; to cause to die] kind - n.种类, 性质 - adj.仁慈的, 和蔼的, 亲切的, 友爱的 [n. sort ("What kind of dog is that?"); ad. gentle; caring; helpful] kiss - n.吻, (风, 浪等)拂 - vt.吻, 轻拂 - vi.接吻 [v. to touch with the mouth to show love or honor] knife - n.刀, 餐刀 [n. a tool or weapon used to cut] know - v.知道, 了解, 认识, 熟悉, 认出, 分辨, 确信 [v. to understand something as correct; to have the facts about; to recognize someone because you have met and talked together before] knowledge - n.知识, 学问, 认识, 知道, <古>学科 [n. that which is known; learning or understanding] ------------------------------------------------------------------------------L laboratory - n.实验室 [n. a room or place where experiments in science are done]

12

lack - n.缺乏, 短缺的东西 - vt.缺乏, 没有, 需要 - vi.缺乏, 没有 [v. to be without; n. the condition of needing, wanting or not having] lake - n.湖 [n. a large area of fresh water surrounded by land] land - n.陆地, (书面语)国家,国土, 地带, [复数]地产, 田产 - vi.靠岸, 登陆, 登岸, 到达 - vt.使上岸, 使登陆, 使到达, 使处于 [v. to come to the earth from the air ("Airplanes land at airports."); n. the part of the earth not covered by water; the ground] language - n.语言, 语言文学, 术语, 语言表达能力, (运用语言的)方式,能力,风格, [自](机器)代码 [n. words and their use; what people speak in a country, nation or group] large - adj.大的, 巨大的, 宽大的, 夸大的 - adv.大大地, 夸大地, 顺风地 - n.大 [ad. big; being of more than usual size, amount or number; opposite small] last - adj.最后的, 临终的, 末尾的, 最近的, 结论性的 - vi.持续, 支持, 维持 - vt.使维持, 楦 - adv.最后, 后来 - n.最后, 末尾, 临终, 鞋楦头 [v. to continue ("The talks will last three days."); ad. after all others; the only one remaining ("She is the last person in line.")] late - adj.迟的, 晚(期)的, 已故的, 新近的 - adv.晚, 迟, 最近, 在晚期 [ad. after the correct time; near the end; opposite early] laugh - vi.笑, 讥笑 - n.笑, 笑声 [v. to make sounds to express pleasure or happy feelings] launch - n.下水, 汽艇, 发射, 发行, 投放市场 - vt.使(船)下水, 掷(标枪等), 发射(导弹,火箭等), 开办, 发动, 发起 - vi.起飞, 下水, 投入, 开始 [v. to put into operation; to begin; to send into the air or space] law - n.法律, 诉讼, 法学, 法治, 司法界, 规律 - v.对...起诉, 控告 [n. all or any rules made by a government] lead - vt.领导, 引导, 致使 - vi.领导, (道路等)通向, 导致, 用水砣测深 - n.领导, 领先, 导线, 铅, (自船上测海水深度的)铅陲, 石墨, 铅笔芯 [v. to show the way; to command; to control; to go first] leak - n.漏洞, 漏出, 漏出物, 泄漏, <俚>撒尿 - vi.漏, 泄漏 - vt.使渗漏 [v. to come out of or to escape through a small opening or hole (usually a gas or liquid)] learn - vi.学习, 听到, 获悉 - vt.学习, 学会, 认识到 [v. to get knowledge about; to come to know a fact or facts] leave - n.许可, 同意, 请假, 休假 - vt.离开, 动身, 剩下, 遗忘, 委托, 遗弃 - vi.出发, 离开, 生叶, 动身 [v. to go away from; to let something stay where it is] left - adj.左边的, 左倾的, 左侧的, 左派的, 左翼的 - adv.在左面 - n.左, 左边, 左派 - vbl.leave 的过去式和过去分词 [ad. on the side that is toward the west when one is facing north; opposite right] legal - adj.法律的, 法定的, 合法 [ad. of or in agreement with the law] legislature - n.立法机关, 立法机构 [n. a government lawmaking group] lend - v.借给, 贷(款) [v. to permit someone to use a thing temporarily; to make a loan of money] less - n.较少, 较小 - adj.少的, 小的 - adv.较少地, 更小地, 不及 - prep.减去 [ad. smaller in amount; not as much] let - vt.假设, 出租, 允许, 排放, 让...进入(或通过), 妨碍 - vi.出租, (工程等)被承包 - n.出租屋, 障碍 [v. to permit to do or to be; to make possible] letter - n.文字, 字母, 信函, 字面意义, 铅字, (pl.)证书, (pl.)文学, 学问 - vt.用字母标明, 在...上刻(或题)字 - vi.写印刷体字母 [n. a message written on paper; a communication in writing sent to another person] level - n.水平, 水平面, 水准, 标准, 级别 - adj.同高的, 平坦的, 齐平的, 水平的 - vt.使...水平, 夷平, 使同等, 瞄准, 对准 - vi.变平, 拉平 [n. the amount or height that something reaches or rises to; the position of something or someone] liberal - n.自由主义者 - adj.慷慨的, 不拘泥的, 宽大的, 自由主义的 [ad. one who usually supports social progress or change] lie - vi.躺, 平放, 展现, 展开, 位于 - v.说谎, 躺 - n.谎话, 谎言 [v. to have one's body on the ground or other surface; to say something that one knows is not true] life - n.生命, 生活, 一生, 寿命, 生命力, 传记 [n. the time between being born and dying; opposite death; all living things] lift - n.举起, 电梯, 起重机, 搭车 - vt.升高, 提高, 举起, 空运 - vi.升起, (指雾等)消散, 耸立 [v. to take or bring up to a higher place or level] light - n.光, 日光, 发光体, 灯 - adj.轻的, 发光的, 明亮的, 浅的 vt.点燃, 照亮 - adv.轻地 - vi.点著, 变亮 [n. a form of energy that affects the eyes so that one is able to see; anything that produces light; ad. bright; clear; not heavy] lightning - n.闪电 [n. light produced by electricity in the air, usually during a storm] like - n.爱好, 同样的人(或物) - adj.相似的, 同样的 - vt.喜欢, 希望, 愿意 - vi.喜欢, 希望 - prep.象, 如同 - adv.可能 [v. to be pleased with; to have good feelings for someone or something; ad. in the same way as; similar to] limit - n.界限, 限度, 限制 - vt.限制, 限定 [v. to restrict to a number or amount; n. the greatest amount or number permitted] line - n.绳, 索, 线路, 航线, 诗句 - vt.排成一行, 顺...排列, 划线于, 使有线条, 使起皱纹 - vi.排队 [n. a long, thin mark on a surface; a number of people or things organized; one after another; the edge of an area protected by military forces] link - n.链环, 连结物, 火把, 链接 - vt.连结, 联合, 挽 - vi.连接起来 [v. to connect; to unite one thing or event with another; n. a relation between two or more things, situations or events] liquid - n.液体, 流体, 流音 - adj.液体的, 清澈的, 透明的, 明亮的, 流动的, 易变的, (财务)易变卖的 [n. a substance that is not a solid or gas, and can move freely, like water] list - n.目录, 名单, 列表, 序列, 数据清单, 明细表, 条纹, [总称]各种上市证券 - vt.列出, 列于表上, 记入名单内, 装布条 - vi.列于表上 [v. to put in writing a number of names of people or things; n. a written series of names or things] listen - vi.听, 听从 - v.听, 收听 [v. to try to hear] literature - n.文学(作品), 文艺, 著作, 文献 [n. all the poems, stories and writings of a period of time or of a country] little - n.垃圾,(供动物睡眠或防冻用的)干草,树叶, (一)窝, 轿, 担架 - vt.乱丢, 铺草, 弄乱 - vi.产仔, 乱丢垃圾 [ad. not tall or big; a small amount] live - adj.活的, 生动的, 精力充沛的, 实况转播的, 点燃的 - vi.活著, 生活, 居住, 流在人们记忆中 - vt.过著, 度过, 经历 - adv.以实况地 [v. to have life; to exist; ad. having life; alive] load - n.负荷, 重担, 装载量, 工作量, 负载, 加载 - vt.装载, 装填, 使担负 - vi.装货, 装弹药,装料 [v. to put objects on or into a vehicle or container; n. that which is carried] loan - n.(借出的)贷款, 借出 - v.借, 借给 [n. money borrowed that usually must be returned with interest payments; something borrowed] local - adj.地方的, 当地的, 局部的, 乡土的 - n.当地居民, 本地新闻, 慢车, 局部 [ad. about or having to do with one place] lonely - adj.孤独的, 寂寞的, 偏僻的, 人迹罕至的 [ad. feeling alone and wanting friends; visited by few or no people ("a lonely man")] long - adj.长的, 长期的, 做多头的, 高的 - vi.渴望, 热望 - adv.长期地, 始终 - n.长时间, (市场上)做多头的人, [语音]长音节 [ad. not short; measuring from beginning to end; measuring much; for much time] look - n.看, 注视, 脸色, 面容, 外表 - vi.看, 注意, 朝著, 好象, 显得 - vt.打量, 注视, 用眼神(或脸色)表示, 期待 [v. to turn the eyes toward so as to see; to search or hunt for; to seem to be] lose - vt.遗失, 浪费, 错过, 输去, 使失去, 使迷路, 使沉溺于 - vi.受损失, 失败 [v. to have no longer; to not find; to fail to keep; to be defeated] loud - adj.高声的, 不断的, 喧吵的 - adv.高声地, 大声地 [ad. having a strong sound; full of sound or noise] love - n.爱, 热爱, 爱情, 爱好, 性爱, 情人, 零 - vt.爱, 热爱, 爱好, 爱慕 - vi.爱 [v. to like very much; to feel a strong, kind emotion (sometimes involving sex); n. a strong, kind emotion for someone or something; opposite hate] low - n.低, 低价, 牛叫声 - adj.低的, 浅的, 消沉的, 微弱的, 粗俗的, 卑贱的, 体质弱的 - adv.低下地, 谦卑地, 低声地, 低价地 - vi.牛叫 [ad. not high or tall; below the normal height; close to the ground] loyal - adj.忠诚的, 忠心的 [ad. showing strong friendship and support for someone or something]

13

luck - n.运气, 好运, 幸运 [n. something that happens by chance] ------------------------------------------------------------------------------M magazine - n.杂志, 期刊, 军火库, 弹药库, (枪,炮的)弹仓, 胶卷盒 [n. a publication of news, stories, pictures or other information] mail - n.邮件, 邮政, 盔甲 - vt.邮寄, 给...穿盔甲 [n. letters, papers and other things sent through an official system, such as a post office] main - n.主要部分, 体力, 力量, 大陆, 要点, 干线 - adj.主要的, 重要的, 全力的 [ad. the most important or largest] major - n.<美>[教]主修课, [律]成年人, [乐]大调 - adj.主修的, 成年的, 大调的 - vi.主修 [ad. great in size, importance or amount] majority - n.多数, 大半 - n.[律] 成年 [n. the greater number; more than half] make - vt.制造, 安排, 使成为, 认为, 产生, 获得, 进行, 构成 - vi.开始, 前进, 增大, 被制造, 被处理 - n.制造, 构造, 性情 [v. to produce; to create; to build; to do something or to carry out an action; to cause to be or to become] male - adj.男的, 雄的, 男性 [n. a man or boy; the sex that is the father of children; ad. of or about men] man - n.男人, 人类, 人, 丈夫, 雇工 - vt.为...配备人手, 操纵, 在...就位, 使振奋 [n. an adult male human] manufacture - vt.制造, 加工 - n.制造, 制造业, 产品 [v. to make goods in large amounts] many - n.多数, 群众 - adj.许多的 - pron.许多人, 许多 [ad. a large number or amount of] map - n.地图, 图 - v.绘制地图 [n. a picture of the earth's surface or a part of it] march - n.行军, 步伐, 进行曲 - vi.进军, 前进 - vt.使行军, 使行进 - n.(March)三月(略作 Mar) [v. to walk in a group like soldiers; to walk together in a large group to protest about something] mark - n.标志, 分数, 痕迹, 记号 - vt.做标记于, 打分数, 标志 - vi.作记号 [v. to make a sign or cut on something] market - n.市场, 销路, 行情 - vt.在市场上交易, 使上市 - vi.在市场上买卖 [n. a place or area where goods are sold, bought or traded; an economic system in which the prices of things are decided by how many there are and how much money people are willing to pay for them] marry - vt.娶, 嫁, 和...结婚 [v. to join a man and woman together as husband and wife; to become husband and wife (usually in a religious or civil ceremony)] mass - n.块, 大多数, 质量, 群众, 大量 - adj.群众的, 大规模的, 集中的 - vt.使集合 - vi.聚集 [n. an amount of matter having no special form and usually of a large size] mate - n.配偶, 对手, 助手 - vt.使配对, 使一致, 结伴 - vi.成配偶, 紧密配合 [v. to bring together a male and a female to create another creature] material - n.材料, 原料, 物资, 素材, 布料 - adj.物质的, 肉体的, 具体的, 重要的, 实质性的 [n. the substance, substances or matter of which something is made or from which something can be made, such as wood, cloth or stone; anything that can be made into something else] mathematics - n.数学 [n. the science dealing with amounts, sizes and shapes, as explained by numbers and signs] matter - n.事件, 问题, 物质, 内容, 实质, 原因, (印刷或书写的)文件, (文章或讲话等的)素材 - vi.有关系, 要紧 [n. anything that can be seen or felt; what things are made of] may - aux.可能, 也许, 可以, 祝, 愿 - n.(May) 五月, 能, 可能 [v. a word used with an action word to mean permit or possible ("May I go?" "They may leave tomorrow.")] mayor - n.市长 [n. the chief official of a city or town government] meal - n.一餐, 一顿饭, 膳食, (谷类的)粗粉 - vi.进餐 [n. food eaten to satisfy hunger, such as dinner] mean - adj.低劣的, 卑鄙的, 普通的, 吝啬的, 简陋的, 平均的, 惭愧的, 不舒服的 - vt.意谓, 想要, 预定 - vi.用意, 有意义 - n.平均数, 中间, 中庸 [v. to want to; to give the idea of; to have the idea of] measure - n.尺寸, 量度器, 量度标准, 方法, 测量, 措施 - vt.测量, 测度, 估量, 分派, 权衡, 调节 - vi.量 [v. to learn the amount, size or distance of something; n. an action taken; a legislative proposal] meat - n.(食用)肉, 肉类 [n. the part of a dead animal used for food] media - n.媒体 [n. all public information organizations, including newspapers, television and radio] medicine - n.药, 医学, 内科学, 内服药 - vt.给...用药 [n. a substance or drug used to treat disease or pain; the science or study of treating and curing disease or improving health] meet - n.会, 集会 - adj.适宜的, 合适的 - vt.遇见, (迎)接, 与(某人目光)相遇, (赴约)和...会面, (经介绍)与...相识, 对付 - vi.相遇, 接触 [v. to come together with someone or something at the same time and place] melt - v.(使)融化, (使)熔化, 使软化, 使感动 [v. to make a solid into a liquid by heating it] member - n.成员, 会员, 议员, (人或动, 植物的)一部分, [语]子句, 成分, [逻]推论的命题 [n. one of a group] memorial - n.纪念物, 纪念馆, 纪念议事, 请愿书 - adj.记念的, 记忆的 [n. something done or made to honor the memory of a person or event] memory - n.记忆, 记忆力, 回忆, 存储(器), 存储器 [n. a picture in the mind of past events; the ability to remember; a thing remembered] mental - adj.精神的, 智力的 [ad. about or having to do with the mind] mercy - n.仁慈, 宽恕, 怜悯 [n. kindness toward those who should be punished; the power to be kind or to pardon] message - n.消息, 通讯, 讯息, 音讯, 差使, 广告词, 预言, 教训 - vt.通知 - vi.带信息 [n. written or spoken news or information; a note from one person to another person or group] metal - n.金属 [n. a hard substance such as iron, steel or gold] method - n.方法 [n. the way something is done] microscope - n.显微镜 [n. a device used to make very small things look larger so they can be studied] middle - n.中间, 当中 - adj.中间的, 中部的 [n. the center; a place or time of equal distance from both sides or ends; ad. in the center] militant - adj.好战的, 积极从事或支持使用武力的 [n. someone active in trying to cause political change, often by the use of force or violence] military - adj.军事的, 军用的 [n. the armed forces of a nation or group; ad. of or about the armed forces] milk - n.乳, 牛奶 - v.挤(奶) [n. the white liquid produced by female animals to feed their young] mind - n.头脑, 智力, 精神, 意见, 情绪 - vi.介意, 照顾, 留心 - vt.注意, 留意, 专心于, 照看, 介意 [n. the thinking, feeling part of a person] mine - n.矿, 矿山, 矿井, 源泉, 宝库, 地雷, 水雷 - vt.挖掘, 开采, 在...布雷, 破坏 - vi.开矿, 埋设地雷 - pron.我的 [v. to dig useful or valuable substances out of the earth; n. a place in the earth where such substances are found; a bomb placed under the ground or under water so it cannot be seen] mineral - n.矿物, 矿石 [n. a substance found in nature that is not an animal or a plant, such as coal or salt] minister - n.部长, 大臣 [n. a member of a cabinet; a high government official ("prime minister," "foreign minister") minor - ad. small in size; of little importance] minority - n.少数, 少数民族 [n. the smaller number; opposite majority] minute - n.分, 分钟, 片刻, 一瞬间, 备忘录, 笔记 - vt.记录, 摘录, 测定时间 - adj.微小的, 详细的, 仔细而准确的 [n. a measure of time; one of the sixty equal parts of an hour; sixty seconds] miss - n.过错, 避免, 失败, 小姐, 姑娘 - vt.未得到, 未达到, 未听到, 思念, 未觉察, 错过, 遗漏, 逃脱 - vi.失败, 击不中 [v. to fail to hit, see, reach or meet] missile - n.导弹, 发射物 [n. any weapon that can be thrown or fired through the air and explodes when it reaches its target] missing - adj.不见的, 缺少的 [ad. lost; not found] mistake - n.错误, 过失 - v.弄错, 误解, 把...误认为 [n. a wrong action or decision; an action done without the knowledge that it was wrong] mix - v.使混和, 混淆, 混合 - n.混合 [v. to put different things together to make one thing]

14

mob - n.(集合词)暴徒, 乌合之众, (盗贼等的)一群 - v.成群暴动, 聚众滋扰 [n. a large group of wild or angry people] model - adj.形式的, 样式的, 形态上的, 情态的, 语气的 - adj.[计](对话框等)模式的 [n. an example; something, usually small, made to show how something will look or work] moderate - adj.中等的, 适度的, 适中的 - v.缓和 [ad. not extreme] modern - n.现代人, 有思想的人 - adj.近代的, 现代的, 现代化的, 时髦的 [ad. of the present or very recent time; the most improved] money - n.货币, 钱, 金钱 [n. pieces of metal or paper used to pay for things] month - n.月 [n. one of the twelve periods of time into which a year is divided] moon - n.月球, 月亮, 卫星 [n. the bright object often seen in the night sky that orbits the earth about every twenty-nine days] moral - adj.道德(上)的, 精神的 - n.道德 [ad. concerning what is right or wrong in someone's actions] more - adj.更多的 - n.更多 - adv.更, 更多, 更加, 超过, 多, 大大高于 - num.更多 [ad. greater in size or amount] morning - n.早晨, 上午 [n. the early part of the day, from sunrise until noon] most - adj.最多的, 多数的, 大部分的 - adv.最, 最多, 很, 十分, 最大的, 其中大多数, 极其 - n.大多数, 大部分 [ad. greatest in size or amount] mother - n.母亲, 妈妈 [n. the female parent; a woman who has a child or children] motion - n.运动, 动作 - v.运动 [n. a movement; a continuing change of position or place] mountain - n.山, 山脉 [n. a part of the earth's surface that rises high above the area around it] mourn - v.哀悼, 忧伤, 服丧 [v. to express or feel sadness] move - n.移动, 迁居, 步骤 - vt.移动, 感动, 鼓动 - vi.移动, 离开, 运行, 迁移, 搬家 [v. to change position; to put or keep in motion; to go] movement - n.运动, 动作, 运转, 乐章 [n. the act of moving or a way of moving; a series of acts or efforts to reach a goal] movie - n.电影 [n. a motion picture; a film] much - adj.许多的, 大量的 - adv.非常, 很, ...多, 更加, 非常, 得多, 多达, 多得多 - n.许多, 大量 - num.许多 [ad. great in amount] murder - n.谋杀, 凶杀 - vt.谋杀, 凶杀 - v.谋杀 [v. to kill another person illegally; n. the crime of killing another person] music - n.音乐, 乐曲 [n. the making of sounds by singing or using a musical instrument] must - aux.必须, 很可能, 一定, 必须, 肯定, 可以 [v. a word used with an action word to mean necessary ("You must go to school.")] mystery - n.神秘, 神秘的事物 [n. something that is not or cannot be explained or understood; a secret] ------------------------------------------------------------------------------N narrow - n.狭窄部分, 海峡, 隘路 - adj.狭窄的, 精密的, 严密的, 有限的, 气量小的, 勉强的, 眼光短浅的 - vi.变窄 - vt.使变狭窄, 使缩小 [ad. limited in size or amount; not wide; having a short distance from one side to the other] nation - n.国家, 民族 [n. a country, together with its social and political systems] native - n.本地人, 土产, 土人 - adj.本国的, 出生地的, 本地的, 与生俱来的, 天赋的, 土产的, 土著的 [n. someone who was born in a place, not one who moved there] natural - adj.自然的, 自然界的, 天生的, 天赋的, 普通的, 正常的, 简单自然的 [ad. of or about nature; normal; common to its kind] nature - n.自然, 自然界, 大自然, 自然状态, 本性, 天性, 种类 [n. all the plants, animals and other things on earth not created by humans; events or processes not caused by humans] navy - n.海军 [n. the part of a country's military force trained to fight at sea] near - adj.亲近的, 亲密的, 近, (车, 马等)左侧的, 吝啬的 - adv.近, 不远 - prep.在...近旁, 近... - v.接近, 走近 [ad. not far; close to] necessary - n.必需品 - adj.必要的, 必需的, 必然的 [prep. needed to get a result or effect; required] need - n.需要, 必需, 必需品, 要求, 贫困 - vt.需要 [v. to require; to want; to be necessary to have or to do] negotiate - v.(与某人)商议, 谈判, 磋商, ,买卖, 通过, 越过 [v. to talk about a problem or situation to find a common solution] neither - adj.pron.两者都不 - conj.既不...又不, 也不 [ad. not one or the other of two] neutral - n.中立者, 中立国, 非彩色, 齿轮的空档 - adj.中立的, 中立国的, 中性的, 无确定性质的, (颜色等)不确定的 [ad. not supporting one side or the other in a dispute] never - adv.决不, 从未 [ad. at no time; not ever] new - adj.新的, 初见的, 更新的 - adv.新近 [ad. not existing before; not known before; recently made, built, bought or grown; another; different] news - n.新闻, 消息 [n. information about any recent events, especially as reported by the media] next - n.adj.下次的, 其次的, 与...连接, 下一个 - adv.下一次, 其次 [ad. coming immediately after; nearest] nice - adj.美好的, 和蔼的, 正派的, 细微的, 挑剔的, 精密的, 拘泥的 [ad. pleasing; good; kind] night - n.夜, 夜晚, 黑暗, 死亡 [n. the time between when the sun goes down and when it rises, when there is little or no light] no - n.否定, 投反对票者 - adj.没有, 不许, 反对 - adv.不, 并不, 毫不 [ad. used to reject or to refuse; not any; not at all] noise - n.喧闹声, 噪声, 噪音 [n. sound, especially when loud] nominate - vt.提名, 推荐, 任命, 命名 [v. to name someone as a candidate for an election; to propose a person for an office or position] noon - n.中午 [n. the middle of the day; twelve o'clock in the daytime] normal - n.正规, 常态, [数学]法线 - adj.正常的, 正规的, 标准的 [n. the usual condition, amount or form; ad. usual; what is expected] north - n.北, 北方, 北部 - adj.北, 北方的 - adv.在北方, 向北方 [n. the direction to the left of a person facing the rising sun] not - adv.不 [ad. a word showing that something is denied or untrue ("She is not going.")] note - n.笔记, 短信, (外交)照会, 注解, 注释, 票据, 纸币, 音符 - vt.注意, 记录, 笔记 [v. to talk about something already known; n. a word or words written to help a person remember; a short letter] nothing - n.无, 不关紧要之事, [数]零 - adv.毫不, 决不 - int.什麼也没有, 无 [n. not anything; no thing] now - adv.现在, 目前, 此刻, 立刻, 马上 - n.现在, 如今 - conj.既然 [ad. at this time; immediately] nowhere - adv.无处, 到处都无 [ad. not in, to or at any place] nuclear - adj.[核]核子的, 原子能的, 核的, 中心的 [ad. of or about the energy produced by splitting atoms or bringing them together; of or about weapons that explode by using energy from atoms] number - n.数, 数字, 数量, 号码, 算术, 诗, 韵律 [n. a word or sign used to show the order or amount of things] ------------------------------------------------------------------------------O object - n.物体, 目标, 宾语, 对象 - vi.反对, 拒绝, 抗议 - vt.提出...来反对 [v. to show that one does not like or approve; to protest; n. something not alive that can be seen or touched] observe - vt.观察, 观测, 遵守, 评述, 说 [v. to watch; to look at carefully; to celebrate or honor something ("They will observe the anniversary of the day she was born.")] occupy - vt.占, 占用, 占领, 占据 [v. to take and hold or to control by force] ocean - n.大海, 海洋, 许多, 广阔 [n. the area of salt water that covers almost seventy-five percent of the earth's surface; any of the five main divisions of this water] of - prep....的, 由...制成的, 离, 关于, 对于 [prep. made from; belonging to; about; connected to; included among] off - adj.远的, 空闲的, 不工作的 - adv.离开, 在远方, 离去, 分离, 中断, 完成 - prep.从...离开, 脱离 [ad. away; at a distance; condition when something is no longer operating or continuing; not on; not connected]

15

offensive - adj.讨厌的, 无礼的, 攻击性的 - n.进攻, 攻势 [n. a military campaign of attack; ad. having to do with attacking] offer - n.出价, 提议, 意图 - vt.提供, 出价, 贡献, 使出现, 企图, 演出 - vi.(机会,时机等)出现, 献祭, 提议 [v. to present or propose; n. the act of presenting or proposing; that which is presented or proposed] office - n.办公室, 办事处, 事务所, <英>政府机关, 部, 公职, 职责, 帮助 [n. a room or building where business or work is done; a public position to which one is elected or appointed] officer - n.政府官员, 军官, 警官, 船长 - vt.指挥 [n. a person in the military who commands others; any person who is a member of a police force] official - n.官员, 公务员 - adj.职务上的, 公务的, 官方的, 正式的 [n. a person with power in an organization; a representative of an organization or government; ad. of or about an office; approved by the government or someone in power] often - adv.常常, 经常 [ad. many times] oil - n.油, 石油, 油类 - vt.给(机器等)加油, 上油, 涂油 [n. a thick liquid that does not mix with water and that burns easily; a black liquid taken from the ground and used as fuel] old - adj.年老的, 老的, ...岁的, 陈旧的, 古老的 [ad. not young or new; having lived or existed for many years] on - prep.在...之上, 依附于, 临近, 靠近, 向, 在...时候, 关于, 涉及 - adv.在上, 向前, 行动中, 作用中 [prep. above and held up by; touching the upper surface of ("The book is on the table."); supported by ("He is on his feet."); about ("The report on the meeting is ready."); at the time of ("He left on Wednesday.")] once - n.adv.一次, 从前, 曾经 - conj.一旦 [ad. one time only] only - adj.唯一的, 单独的, 最好的, 最合适的 - adv.仅仅, 只不过 - conj.但是, 可是 [ad. being the single one or ones; no more than ("We have only two dollars.")] open - n.公开, 户外, 空旷 - adj.开著的, 敞开的, (车等)无篷的, 开阔的, 营业著的, 公开的, 坦率的, 未决定的 - vt.打开, 公开, 开放 - vi.展开, 开始, 展现 [v. to start ("They opened talks."); ad. not closed; not secret] operate - v.操作, 运转, 开动, 起作用, 动手术, 开刀 [v. to do work or a job; to cut into the body for medical reasons] opinion - n.意见, 看法, 主张, 判断, 评价 [n. a belief based on one's own ideas and thinking] oppose - vt.反对, 使对立, 使对抗, 抗争 - vi.反对 [v. to be against; to fight against] opposite - adj.相对的, 对面的, 对立的, 相反的, 对等的, 对应的 - n.相反的事物 [ad. different as possible; completely different from; exactly the other way ("North is the opposite direction from south.")] oppress - vt.压迫, 压抑 [v. to make others suffer; to control by the use of unjust and cruel force or power] or - conj.或, 或者, 还是 [conj. giving another of two choices; giving the last of several choices] orbit - n.轨道, 势力范围, 生活常规, 眼眶 - vt.绕...轨道而行 - vi.进入轨道, 沿轨道飞行, 盘旋 [v. to travel in space around a planet or other object; n. the path or way an object travels in space around another object or planet] order - n.次序, 顺序, 正常(工作)状态, 秩序, 会议规则, 命令, 定购, 定单 - vt.命令, 定购, 定制 [v. to give a command; to tell someone what to do; n. a command; the correct or normal way things are organized; a peaceful situation in which people obey laws] organize - vt.组织, 使有机化, 给予生机 - vi.组织起来 [v. to put in order; to put together into a system] other - adj.其他的, 另外的, 从前的 - pron.其他的, 他人, 另外一个 - adv.另外地, 不同地 [ad. different; of another kind; the remaining one or ones of two or more ("That man is short; the other is tall.")] our - pron.我们的 [ad. of or belonging to us] oust - vt.剥夺, 取代, 驱逐 [v. to force to leave; to remove by force] out - adj.外面的, 下台的, 出局的 - adv.在外, 出声地, 显露出来地, 明显地, 从头至尾地 - n.外面, 外出, 外观 - vt.赶出, 击倒, 使退场 - vi.外出, 暴露 - prep.通过 [ad. away from the inside; opposite of in] over - adv.结束, 越过, 从头到尾 - prep.在...之上, 越过 - adj.上面的 - vt.额外的东西, 越过 - n.额外的东西 [conj. above; covering; across, in or on every part of ("all over the world")] overthrow - n.推翻, 打倒, 扔得过远得球 - vt.打倒, 推翻, 颠覆 [v. to remove from power; to defeat or end by force] owe - vt.欠(债等), 受到...的思想, 感激, 把...归功于 - v.欠,应感激,应该把…归功于(to) - vi.欠钱 [v. to pay or have to repay (usually money) in return for something received] own - adj.自己的, 特有的, (不用所有格)嫡亲的, 同胞的 - vt.拥有, 自认, 承认 - vi.承认 [v. to have or possess for oneself] ------------------------------------------------------------------------------P paint - n.油漆, 颜料, 涂料 - v.油漆, (用颜料等)画, 绘, 描绘, 逼真地描述 [v. to cover with a liquid color; to make a picture with liquid colors; n. a colored liquid used to cover or protect a surface] pan - n.平底锅,盘子,面板 [n. a metal container used for cooking] paper - n.纸, 报纸, 文件, 证件, 论文, 考卷 - vt.用纸糊(墙壁等), 用纸包装 - adj.纸的, 象纸的, 纸上的 [n. a thin, flat material made from plants or cloth often used for writing] parachute - n.降落伞 [n. a device that permits a person or thing to fall slowly from an airplane or helicopter to the ground] parade - n.游行, 炫耀, 阅兵, 检阅, 阅兵场 - v.游行, 炫耀, 夸耀, (使)列队行进 [n. a group of people and vehicles moving together to celebrate a special event or anniversary] pardon - vt.原谅, 宽恕 - n.原谅, 宽恕 [v. to forgive for a crime and release from punishment] parent - n.[pl.] 双亲, 父亲(或母亲) [n. a father or mother] parliament - n.国会, 议会 [n. a government lawmaking group] part - n.部分, 局部, 零件, 角色 - vt.分开, 分离, 分配 - adj.部分的, 局部的 [n. something less than the whole; not all of something] party - n.党, 政党, 随行人员, [律]当事人, 社交会 [n. a group of people working together for a political purpose; a group of people or friends gathered together for enjoyment] pass - n.经过, 关口, 途径, 护照, 通行证, 入场券, 传球, 及格 - vt.通过, 审查通过, 忽略, 传递 - vi.经过, 变化, 流通, 宣判, 被忽略, 终止, 传递, 不叫牌 [v. to go by or move around something; to move along; to cause or permit to go] passenger - n.乘客, 旅客 [n. a person travelling by airplane, train, boat or car who is not the pilot or driver] passport - n.护照 [n. a document permitting a person to travel to another country] past - n.过去, 往时 - adj.过去的, 结束的 - prep.越过, 晚于 [n. the time gone by; the time before; ad. recent; immediately before; former] path - n.小路, 小径, 路线, 轨道, 通道 [n. a narrow way for walking; a way along which something moves] patient - n.病人, 患者 - adj.忍耐的, 耐心的 [n. a person being treated by a doctor for a health problem] pay - n.薪水, 工资 - v.支付, 交纳, 给予, 有利, 值得, 合算 [v. to give money for work done or for something bought] peace - n.和平, 和睦, 安宁, 静寂 - vi.安静下来 [n. the condition of freedom from war, fighting or noise; rest; quiet] people - n.人, 人们, 民族, 人类, 公民 [n. any group of persons; all the persons of a group, race, religion or nation ("the American people")] percent - n.百分比, 百分数 [n. a part of every hundred ("Ten is ten percent of one hundred.")] perfect - n.完成式 - adj.完美的, 全然的, 理想的, 正确的, 熟练的, 精通的完成式的 - vt.使完美, 修改, 使熟练 [ad. complete or correct in every way; completely right or good; without mistakes] perform - vt.履行, 执行, 表演, 演出 - v.完成任务 [v. to speak, dance or sing in front of others] period - n.时期, 学时, 节, 句点, 周期, (妇女的)经期 - adj.过去某段时期的 [n. an amount of time within events, restrictions or conditions] permanent - adj.永久的, 持久的 [ad. never changing; lasting for a very long time or for all time]

16

permit - n.通行证, 许可证, 执照 - v.许可, 允许, 准许 [v. to let; to make possible] person - n.人, 身体, 容貌, [语法]人称 [n. a man, woman or child physical - ad. of the body] physics - n.物理学 [n. the study of motion, matter and energy] picture - n.画, 图画, 照片, 像, 美景, 描述, 相似物, 化身 - vt.画, 描绘 [n. something that shows what another thing looks like; an idea or representation of something as seen by the eye; a painting; what is made with a camera] piece - n.块, 件, 片, 篇, 张, 条, 硬币 - vt.接合, 修补, 凑合 [n. a part of something larger] pig - n.猪, 猪肉, 贪婪的人 - v.生小猪, 贪婪地吃 [n. a farm animal used for its meat] pilot - n.飞行员, 领航员, 引水员 - vt.驾驶(飞机等), 领航, 引水 - v.驾驶 [n. one who guides or flies an airplane or helicopter] pipe - n.管, 导管, 烟斗, 管乐器, 笛声 - vt.以管输送, 吹哨子 - vi.吹笛, 尖叫 [n. a long, round piece of material used to move liquid or gas] place - n.地方, 地点, 位置, 职位, 处境, 住所, 地位 - vt.放置, 寄予, 任命 - vi.名次列前 [v. to put something somewhere; n. an area or a part of an area; space where a person or thing is; any room, building, town or country] plan - n.计划, 设计图, 平面图 - vt.计划, 设计 [v. to organize or develop an idea or method of acting or doing something ("They plan to have a party."); n. an organized or developed idea or method ("The plan will not work.")] planet - n.[天]行星 [n. a large object in space that orbits the sun ("Earth is a planet.")] plant - n.植物, 庄稼, 工厂, 车间, 设备 - vt.种植, 栽培, 培养, 安置 - vi.种植 [v. to put into the ground to grow; n. a living growth from the ground which gets its food from air, water and earth plastic - n. a material made from chemicals that can be formed and made into things] play - n.游戏, 比赛, 运动, 赌博, 剧本 - v.玩, 扮演, 播放, 进行比赛 - v.播放 [v. to have fun; to not work; to take part in a sport; to make music on an instrument; n. a story acted in a theater] please - adj.满足的 - v.使喜欢, 中...的意, 使满足, 取悦 - vt.请 [v. to make one happy; to give enjoyment plenty - n. all that is needed; a large enough amount] plot - n.小块土地, 地区图, 图, 秘密计划(特指阴谋), (小说的)情节.结构 - vt.划分, 绘图, 密谋 - vi.密谋, 策划 [v. to make secret plans; n. a secret plan to do something wrong or illegal] poem - n.诗, 象诗一样, 美丽的东西 [n. words and their sounds organized in a special way to express emotions] point - n.点, 尖端, 分数, 要点, 分数 - vt.弄尖, 指向, 指出, 瞄准, 加标点于 - vi.指, 指向, 表明 [v. to aim one's finger toward; to aim; n. the sharp end of something] poison - n.毒药, 败坏道德之事, 毒害 - vt.毒害, 败坏, 使中毒 - vi.放毒, 下毒 [n. a substance that can destroy life or damage health] police - n.警察队, 警察机关, 公安部门 - vt.管辖, 维持治安 - adj.警察的, 有关警察的 [n. a government agency responsible for guarding the public, keeping order, and making sure people obey the law; members of that agency] policy - n.政策, 方针 [n. an established set of plans or goals used to develop and make decisions in politics, economics or business] politics - n.政治, 政治学, 政纲, 政见 [n. the activities of government and of those who are in public office] pollute - vt.弄脏, 污染 [v. to release dangerous or unpleasant substances into the air, soil or water] poor - adj.贫穷的, 可怜的, 乏味的, 卑鄙的 [n. people with little or no money; ad. lacking money or goods; of bad quality] popular - adj.通俗的, 流行的, 受欢迎的 [ad. liked by many people; generally approved by the public] population - n.人口 [n. all the people in a place, city or country] port - n.港口, 舱门, 左舷, 避风港, 枪眼 - vt.左转舵, 持(枪) - vi.转舵左 - n.端口 [n. a city where ships load or unload goods; a place on a coast where ships can be safe from a storm] position - n.位置, 职位, 立场, 形势, 阵地 - vt.安置, 决定...的位置 [n. a place; the way of holding the body; the way a thing is set or placed; a job (or level of a job) in an organization] possess - vt.占有, 拥有, 持有, 摆布, 支配 [v. to have; to own; to control or be controlled by] possible - adj.可能的, 可能存在或发生的 [ad. able to be done; can happen or is expected to happen] postpone - vt.推迟, 使延期, 延迟 [v. to delay action until a later time pour - v. to flow; to cause to flow] power - n.能力, 力量, 动力, 权力, [数]幂, [物]功率 - vt.使...有力量, 供以动力, 激励 [n. the ability to control or direct others; control; strength; ruling force; force or energy used to do work ("Water power turns the wheel.")] praise - vt.赞扬, 歌颂, 称赞 - n.赞扬, 赞美的话, 赞美, 荣耀, 称赞 [v. to say good things about; to approve] pray - v.祈祷, 恳求, 请 [v. to make a request to a god or spirit; to praise a god or spirit] pregnant - adj.怀孕的, 重要的, 富有意义的, 孕育的 [ad. carrying a child within the body before it is born; expecting to give birth to a baby] present - n.赠品, 礼物, 现在, 瞄准 - adj.现在的, 出席的, 当面的 - vt.介绍, 引见, 给, 赠送, 上演, 提出, 呈现 vi.举枪瞄准 [v. to offer for consideration ("We will present our idea to the committee."); n. a gift ("I gave them a present for their anniversary."); now ("The present time is a good time."); ad. to be at a place ("I was present at school yesterday.")] president - n.总统, 会长, 校长, 行长 [n. the chief official of a country that is a republic; the leader of an organization] press - n.压, 按, 印刷, 压力, 拥挤, 紧握, 新闻 - vt.压, 压榨, 紧抱, 逼迫 - vi.压, 逼迫, 拥挤, 受压 [v. to urge strongly; n. newspapers, magazines and other publications] pressure - n.压, 压力, 电压, 压迫, 强制, 紧迫 [n. the force produced when something is pushed down or against something else] prevent - v.防止, 预防 [v. to keep or stop from going or happening] price - n.价格, 代价 - vt.给...定价, 标明价格 [n. the amount of money for which anything is bought, sold or offered for sale] prison - n.监狱 [n. a place where a person is kept as punishment for a crime] private - adj.私人的, 私有的, 私营的, 秘密的 - n.士兵 [ad. of or about a person or group that is secret; opposite public] prize - n.奖赏, 奖金, 奖品, 捕获, 捕获物, 战利品 - adj.得奖的 - vt.珍视, 估价, 捕获, 撬, 撬开 [n. something offered or won in a competition; something of value that one must work hard for to get] probably - adv.大概, 或许 [ad. a good chance of taking place; a little more than possible] problem - n.问题, 难题 [n. a difficult question or situation with an unknown or unclear answer] process - n.过程, 作用, 方法, 程序, 步骤, 进行, 推移 - vt.加工, 处理 [n. an operation or series of changes leading to a desired result] produce - n.产物, 农产品 - vt.提出, 出示, 生产, 制造, 结(果实), 引起, 招致, 创作 [v. to make; to create; to cause something to be; to manufacture] profession - n.职业, 专业, 表白, 宣布 [n. a job that requires special training professor - n. a teacher at a college or university] profit - n.利润, 益处, 得益 - vi.得益, 利用 - vt.有益于 [n. money gained from a business activity after paying all costs of that activity] program - n.节目, 程序, 纲要, 计划 - vt.规划, 拟...计划, 安排...入节目 - vi.安排节目, 编程序 [n. a plan of action; the different events or parts of a meeting or show] progress - n.前进, 进步, 发展 - vi.前进, 进步, 进行 [n. movement forward or toward improvement or a goal] project - n.计划, 方案, 事业, 企业, 工程 - v.设计, 计划, 投射, 放映, 射出, 发射(导弹等), 凸出 [n. a planned effort to do something] propaganda - n.宣传, [天主教]传道总会 [n. ideas or information used to influence opinions] property - n.财产, 所有物, 所有权, 性质, 特性, (小)道具 [n. anything owned by someone such as land, buildings or goods] propose - vt.计划, 建议, 向...提议, 求(婚) - vi.打算, 求婚 [v. to present or offer for consideration] protect - vt.保护 [v. to guard; to defend; to prevent from being harmed or damaged] protest - n.主张, 断言, 抗议 - v.主张, 断言抗议, 拒付 [v. to speak against; to object] prove - vt.证明, 证实, 检验, 考验 - vi.原来(是), 证明(是) [v. to show to be true]

17

provide - v.供应, 供给, 准备, 预防, 规定 [v. to give something needed or wanted] public - n.公众, (特定的)人群, 公共场所 - adj.公众的, 公共的, 公立的, 公用的 [ad. of or about all the people in a community or country; opposite private] publication - n.出版物, 出版, 发行, 公布, 发表 [n. something that is published such as a book, newspaper or magazine] publish - v.出版, 刊印 - vt.公布, 发表 [v. to make public something that is written; to include something in a book, newspaper or magazine] pull - v.拉, 拖, 拔 - n.拉, 拖, 拉力, 牵引力 [v. to use force to move something toward the person or thing using the force; opposite push] pump - n.泵, 抽水机 - vt.(用泵)抽(水), 抽吸 [v. to force a gas or liquid up, into or through] punish - vt.惩罚, 处罚 [v. to cause pain, suffering or loss for doing something bad or illegal] purchase - vt.买, 购买 - n.买, 购买 [v. to buy with money or with something of equal value; n. that which is bought] pure - adj.纯的, 纯粹的, 纯净的, 无垢的, 纯洁的, 完美的, 抽象的 [ad. free from anything that is different or that reduces value; clean] purpose - n.目的, 意图, 用途, 效果, 决心, 意志 - vt.打算, 企图, 决心 [n. the reason or desired effect for doing something; goal] push - n.推, 推动, 奋发, 干劲, 进取心, 攻击 - vt.推, 推动, 推行, 逼迫, 增加 - vi.推, 推进, 增加, 努力争取 [v. to use force to move something away from the person or thing using the force; opposite pull] put - vt.放, 摆, 安置, 表达, 迫使, 移动, 提出, 赋予 - vi.出发, 航行, 发芽, 击 - n.掷, 投击, 笨蛋, 怪人 [v. to place; to set in position] ------------------------------------------------------------------------------Q question - n.问题, 疑问, 询问 - v.询问, 审问, 怀疑 [v. to ask; to express wonder or disbelief; n. a sentence or word used in asking for information; a problem; an issue to be discussed] quick - adj.快的, 迅速的, 敏捷的, 急剧的, 活泼的 - n.活人,生物, 要点, 本质, 核心, 感觉敏锐的部位 - adv.快 [ad. Fast] quiet - adj.静止的, 宁静的, 从容的 - n.安静, 闲适 - vi.平静下来 - vt.使平静, 使安心, 减轻(疑虑,恐惧等) [ad. with little or no noise; having little or no movement; calm] ------------------------------------------------------------------------------R radar - n.雷达, 电波探测器 [n. a device that uses radio signals to learn the position or speed of objects that may be too far away to be seen] radiation - n.发散, 发光, 发热, 辐射, 放射, 放射线, 放射物 [n. waves of energy from something that produces heat or light; energy from a nuclear substance, which can be dangerous] radio - n.<美>无线电通信, 无线电接收装置, 无线电广播设备 - v.用无线电发送 [n. the system of sending and receiving signals or sounds through the air without wires] raid - n.袭击, 搜捕 - v.奇袭, 搜捕 [v. to make a sudden attack; n. a sudden attack carried out as an act of war, or for the purpose of seizing or stealing something] railroad - n.铁路 - vt.<美> 由铁道运输 [n. a road for trains; a company that operates such a road and its stations and equipment] rain - n.雨, 下雨, 雨天 - vi.下雨 [n. water falling from the sky] raise - n.上升, 高地, 提出 - vt.升起, 唤起, 提高, 使出现, 解除, 饲养, 筹集, 使复活 [v. to lift up; to move to a higher position; to cause to grow; to increase] rare - adj.稀罕的, 杰出的, 珍贵的, (肉类)半熟的 - adv.非常 [ad. not common; not usual; not often] rate - n.比率, 速度, 等级, 价格, 费用 - vt.估价, 认为, 鉴定等级, 责骂 - vi.被评价, 责骂 [n. speed; a measure of how quickly or how often something happens; the price of any thing or service that is bought or sold] reach - n.延伸, 区域, 河段, 范围 - vt.到达, 达到, 伸出, 影响 - vi.达到, 延伸, 传开 [v. to put a hand toward; to arrive at; to come to] react - vi.起反应, 起作用, 反抗, 起反作用 [v. to act as a result of or in answer to] read - v.读, 阅读, 理解, 学习 - adj.有学问的 - n.读取 [v. to look at and understand the meaning of written words or numbers] ready - adj.有准备的, 准备完毕的, 甘心的, 情愿的, 现成的, 迅速的 [ad. prepared; completed; organized; willing] real - adj.真的, 真实的, 不动产的 [ad. true; truly existing; not false] realistic - adj.现实(主义)的 [ad. in agreement with the way things are] reason - n.理由, 原因, 动机, 理智, 前提 - vt.说服, 推论, 辩论 [n. the cause for a belief or act; purpose; something that explains] reasonable - adj.合理的, 有道理的, 通情达理的, 讲道理的 [ad. ready to listen to reasons or ideas; not extreme; ready or willing to compromise] rebel - n.造反者, 叛逆者, 反抗者, 叛乱者 - adj.造反的, 叛逆的, 反抗的 - v.造反, 反叛, 反抗, 叛乱 [v. to act against a government or power, often with force; to refuse to obey; n. one who opposes or fights against the government of his or her country] receive - vt.收到, 接到, 接收, 遭到, 受到, 接待, 接见 [v. to get or accept something given, offered or sent] recent - adj.新近的, 近来的 [ad. a short time ago] recession - n.撤回, 退回, 退后, 工商业之衰退, 不景气 [n. a temporary reduction in economic activity, when industries produce less and many workers lose their jobs] recognize - vt.认可, 承认, 公认, 赏识 - vi.具结 [v. to know or remember something or someone that was known, known about or seen before; to accept another nation as independent and establish diplomatic ties with its government] record - n.履历, 档案, 诉状, 最高纪录, 报告, 唱片 - vt.记录, 标明, 将...录音 - vi.录音, 被录音 - adj.创纪录的 [v. to write something in order to have it for future use; to put sound or pictures in a form that can be kept and heard or seen again; n. a writing that shows proof or facts about something] recover - vt.重新获得, 恢复, 使改过 - vi.痊愈, 复原, 胜诉 - n.DOS 命令:从含有损坏磁盘扇区的磁盘上恢复文件 [v. to get again something that was lost, stolen or taken away ("The police recovered the stolen money."); to return to normal health or normal conditions ("She is expected to recover from the operation.")] red - n.红色, 红衣服, 红颜料, 赤字, 亏空 - adj.红(色)的, 革命的 [ad. having the color like that of blood] reduce - vt.减少, 缩小, 简化, 还原 [v. to make less or smaller in number, size or amount; to cut] reform - n.改革, 改善, 改良运动, 感化 - vt.改革, 革新, 重新组成 - vi.革新, 改过, 重组 [v. to make better by changing; to improve; n. a change to a better condition] refugee - n.难民, 流亡者 [n. a person who has been forced to flee because of unjust treatment, danger or war] refuse - vt.拒绝, 谢绝 - n.废物, 垃圾 [v. to reject; to not accept, give or do something] regret - n.遗憾, 悔恨, 抱歉, 歉意 - vt.为...感到遗憾, 后悔, 惋惜, 哀悼, 懊悔 - vi.感到抱歉 [n. a feeling of sadness or sorrow about something that is done or that happens] reject - n.被拒之人, 被弃之物, 不合格品, 落选者, 不及格者 - vt.拒绝, 抵制, 否决, 呕出, 驳回, 丢弃 [v. to refuse to accept, use or believe] relation - n.关系, 联系, 叙述, 故事, 亲戚 [n. understandings or ties between nations; members of the same family; people connected by marriage or family ties] release - n.释放, 让渡, 豁免, 发行的书, 释放证书 - vt.释放, 解放, 放弃, 让与, 免除, 发表 - n.版本, 发布 [v. to free; to permit to go; to permit to be known or made public] religion - n.宗教, 信仰 [n. a belief in, or the honoring of, a god or gods]

18

remain - vi.保持, 逗留, 剩余, 残存 [v. to stay in a place after others leave; to stay the same] remains - n.残余, 遗迹, 遗体 [n. a dead body] remember - vt.回忆起, 铭记, 纪念 - vi.记得 [v. to think about the past; opposite forget] remove - vt.移动, 开除, 移交 - vi.迁移, 搬家 - n.移动, 距离, 班级, 升级 [v. to take away or take off; to put an end to; to take out of a position or office] repair - n.修理, 修补 - vt.修理, 修补, 补救, 纠正 [n. work done to fix something] repeat - n.重复, 反复 - vt.重做, 复述, 向他人转述, 复制, 使再现 - vi.重复, 留有味道 [v. to say or do again] report - n.报告, 传说, 谣言, 声誉, 名声, 爆炸声 - v.报导, 汇报, 报到, 告发 [v. to tell about; to give the results of a study or investigation; n. the story about an event; the results of a study or investigation; a statement in which the facts may not be confirmed] represent - vt.表现, 描绘, 声称, 象征, 扮演, 回忆, 再赠送, 再上演 - vi.提出异议 [v. to act in the place of someone else; to substitute for; to serve as an example] repress - vt.<美>再压, 补充加压 - vi.压制 [v. to control or to restrict freedoms by force] request - vt.请求, 要求 - n.请求, 要求, 邀请 [v. to ask for; n. the act of asking for] require - vt.需要, 要求, 命令 [v. to need or demand as necessary] rescue - vt.援救, 营救 - n.援救, 营救 [v. to free from danger or evil] research - n.研究, 调查 - vi.研究, 调查 [n. a careful study to discover correct information] resign - n.辞去(职务) - v.辞去, 辞职 [v. to leave a position, job or office] resist - vt.抵抗, 反抗, 抗, 忍得住 [v. to oppose; to fight to prevent] resolution - n.坚定, 决心, 决定, 决议 [n. an official statement of agreement by a group of people, usually reached by voting] resource - n.[pl.] 资源, 财力, 办法, 智谋 [n. anything of value that can be used or sold] responsible - adj.有责任的, 可靠的, 可依赖的, 负责的 [ad. having a duty or job to do ("He is responsible for preparing the report."); being the cause of ("They were responsible for the accident.")] rest - n.休息, 静止, 支持物, 台, 架, [音]休止符, 其余, 其他 - vi.休息, 睡眠, 静止, 依靠, 搁在, 保持(状态), 取决于 - vt.使休息, 使静止, 睡眠, 依靠, 搁 在 [v. to sit, lie down or sleep to regain strength; n. that which remains; the others] restrain - vt.抑制, 制止 [v. to keep controlled; to limit action by a person or group] restrict - vt.限制, 约束, 限定 [v. to limit; to prevent from increasing or becoming larger] result - n.结果, 成效, 计算结果 - vi.起因, 由于, 以...为结果, 导致 [v. to happen from a cause; n. that which follows or is produced by a cause; effect] retire - vi.退休, 引退, 退却, 撤退, 就寝 [v. to leave a job or position because one is old or in poor health] return - n.回来, 返回, 来回票, 利润, 回答 - adj.返回的, 回程的, 报答的, 反向的, 重现的 - vi.回返, 归还 - vt.归还, 回报, 报告, 获得, 回答, 返回 [v. to go or come back; to bring, give, take or send back] revolt - v.反抗, 起义, 反叛, 反感, 厌恶 [v. to protest violently; to fight for a change, especially of government] rice - n.稻, 米 [n. a food grain] rich - adj.富的, 有钱的, 富有的, 富饶的, 肥沃的, 充足的, 丰富的 [ad. having much money or goods; having plenty of something] ride - v.骑, 乘 - n.骑, 乘 [v. to sit on or in and be carried along; to travel by animal, wheeled vehicle, airplane or boat] right - n.正义, 公正, 正确, 权利, 右边, 右派 - adj.正当的, 正确的, 对的, 合适的, 恰当的, 健康的, 健全的, 正面的 - adv.正当地, 正确地, 一直地, 直接地, 完全地, 彻底地, 在右边 [n. what a person legally and morally should be able to do or have ("It is their right to vote."); ad. agreeing with the facts; good; correct; opposite wrong; on the side that is toward the east when one is facing north; opposite left] riot - n.暴乱, 骚动, (植物, 疾病等)蔓延, 放荡, 暴动 - v.骚乱, 放纵, 挥霍, 参加骚动 [v. to act with many others in a violent way in a public place; n. a violent action by a large group of people] rise - n.上升, 增加, 上涨, 高地, 小山, 发生, 出现 - vi.升起, 起身, 发源, 起义, 高耸, 增长, 上升, 复活 - vt.使飞起 [v. to go up; to go higher; to increase; to go from a position of sitting or lying to a position of standing] risk - vt.冒...的危险 - n.冒险, 风险 [n. the chance of loss, damage or injury] river - n.河, 江 [n. a large amount of water that flows across land into another river, a lake or an ocean] road - n.路, 道路, 公路, 大道 [n. a long piece of hard ground built between two places so people can walk, drive or ride easily from one place to the other] rob - v.抢夺, 抢掠, 剥夺 [v. to take money or property secretly or by force; to steal] rock - n.岩石, 暗礁, 石头, 摇动 - vt.摇摆, 使动摇 - vi.摇, 摇动 [n. a hard piece of mineral matter] rocket - n.火箭 - v.飞速上升 [n. a device shaped like a tube that moves through air or space by burning gases and letting them escape from the back or bottom, sometimes used as a weapon] roll - adj.滚动, 滚转, (使)摇摆, (使)摇晃, 卷起, 卷拢 - vt.辗, 轧 - n.(一)卷, 卷形物, 摇晃, 摆动, 名单 [v. to turn over and over; to move like a ball] room - n.房间, 屋子, 寓所, 场所, 地位, 空间, 机会, 余地 [n. a separate area within a building with its own walls] root - n.根, 根部, 根本, 根源 - v.(使)生根, (使)扎根, 使立定不动, 坚定不移, 确立 [n. the part of a plant that is under the ground and takes nutrients from the soil] rope - n.绳, 索, 绳索 - v.围起 [n. a long, thick piece of material made from thinner pieces of material, used for tying] rough - adj.粗糙的, 粗略的, 大致的, 粗野的, 粗暴的, 粗略叙述的 - v.大体描述 - adv.粗糙地 [ad. not flat or smooth; having an uneven surface; violent; not made well] round - n.圆, 圆形物, 巡回, 轮唱, [体]一轮 - adj.圆的, 球形的, 丰满的, 大概的, 十足的, 完全的, 率直的, 肥胖的 - prep.围著, 附近, 绕过, 在...周围 - vt.弄圆, 使成圆形, 绕行, 完成, 围捕, 四舍五入 - vi.变圆, 发胖, 环行, 拐弯, 进展 - adv.围绕著, 循环地, 在周围, 迂回地, 朝反方向, 挨个 [ad. having the shape of a ball or circle] rub - v.擦, 摩擦 [v. to move something over the surface of another thing] rubber - n.橡皮, 橡胶 [n. a substance made from the liquid of trees with the same name, or a similar substance made from chemicals] ruin - v.(使)破产, (使)堕落, 毁灭 - n.毁灭, 崩溃, (pl.) 废墟, 遗迹 [v. to damage severely; to destroy] rule - n.规则, 惯例, 统治, 章程, 破折号, 准则, 标准, 控制 - vt.规定, 统治, 支配, 裁决 - vi.统治, 管辖, 裁定 - n.规则, 水线 [v. to govern or control; to decide; n. a statement or an order that says how something must be done] run - n.跑, 赛跑, 奔跑, 运转, 趋向 - vi.跑, 奔, 逃跑, 竞选, 跑步, 蔓延, 进行, 行驶 - vt.使跑, 参赛, 追究, 使流, 管理, 运行, 开动 - adj.熔化的, 融化的, 浇铸的 [v. to move quickly by steps faster than those used for walking] ------------------------------------------------------------------------------S sacrifice - n.牺牲, 献身, 祭品, 供奉 - v.牺牲, 献出, 献祭, 供奉 [v. to do without something or to suffer a loss for a belief, idea, goal or another person] sad - adj.忧愁的, 悲哀的 [ad. not happy safe - ad. away from harm or danger] sail - v.航行(于) - vi.启航, 开船 - n.帆, 篷, 航行 [v. to travel by boat or ship] sailor - n.海员, 水手, 不大会晕船的人, 船员 [n. a person involved in sailing a boat or ship] salt - n.食盐,风趣,刺激 - adj.含盐的,咸的,风趣的,辛辣的 - vt.加盐于,用盐腌 [n. a white substance found in sea water and in the ground, used to affect the taste of food]

19

same - adj.同一的, 相同的, 无变化的, 上述的, 所谓 - pron.同样的事物 - adv.同样地 [ad. not different; not changed; like another or others] sand - n.沙, 沙子, [pl.] 沙滩, 沙地 - v.撒沙子 [n. extremely small pieces of crushed rock found in large amounts in deserts and on coasts] satellite - n.人造卫星 [n. a small object in space that moves around a larger object; an object placed in orbit around the earth] satisfy - vt.满足, 使满意, 说服, 使相信 - v.满意, 确保 [v. to give or provide what is desired, needed or demanded] save - vt.解救, 保存, 保全, 保留, 节省, 储蓄 - vi.挽救, 节省, 救球 - prep.除...之外 - n.救球 [v. to make safe; to remove from harm; to keep for future use] say - v.说, 讲, 背诵, 念, 表示, 比方说, 假定 - n.话语, 想说的意见, 发言权 [v. to speak; to express in words] school - n.学校, 学院, 学习, 授课, 求学, 全体学生, 学派 - vt.锻炼, 教育 [n. a place for education; a place where people go to learn] science - n.科学, 自然科学, 理科 [n. the study of nature and the actions of natural things, and the knowledge gained about them] sea - n.海洋, 大浪, 大量, 许多 [n. a large area of salt water, usually part of an ocean] search - n.搜寻, 查究 - v.搜索, 搜寻, 探求, 调查 [v. to look for carefully] season - n.季, 季节 - v.(使)适应, (使)适用, 调味 [n. one of the four periods of the year that is based on the earth's position toward the sun (spring, summer, autumn, winter); a period of time based on different weather conditions ("dry season", "rainy season"); a period during the year when something usually happens ("baseball season")] seat - n.座, 座位, 所在地, 场所, 席位 - vt.使坐下 [n. a thing to sit on; a place to sit or the right to sit there ("a seat in parliament")] second - n.秒, 片刻, 第二者, 第二人, 助手, 次货, 二等品 - adj.另一个, 又一个 - num.第二 - vt.赞成, 支持 [ad. the one that comes after the first] secret - n.秘密, 秘诀, 奥秘 - adj.秘密的, 隐秘的, 幽静的 [n. something known only to a few and kept from general knowledge; ad. hidden from others; known only to a few] security - n.安全 [n. freedom from danger or harm; protection; measures necessary to protect a person or place ("Security was increased in the city.")] see - v.看, 看见, 了解, 领会, 注意, 留心, 经历, 阅历 [v. to know or sense through the eyes; to understand or know] seed - n.种子, 萌芽, 原由, 根据, 子孙, 精液 - vt.播种, 结实, 成熟, 去...籽 - vi.结实, 播种 [n. the part of a plant from which new plants grow] seek(ing) - v.寻找, 探索, 寻求 [v. to search for ("They are seeking a cure for cancer."); to try to get ("She is seeking election to public office."); to plan to do ("Electric power companies are seeking to reduce their use of coal.")] seem - vi.象是, 似乎 [v. to appear to be ("She seems to be in good health.")] seize - v.抓住, 逮住, 夺取 - vt.没收, 查封 [v. to take quickly by force; to take control of quickly; to arrest] self - n.自己, 自我, 本性, 本质, 本人, 私心 - vt.使近亲繁殖, [植]使自花授精 - vi.[植]自花授精 - adj.同一的 [n. all that which makes one person different from others] sell - v.出售, 卖 [v. to give something in exchange for money] Senate - n.参议院, 上院 [n. the smaller of the two groups in the governments of some countries, such as in the United States Congress] send - vt.送, 寄, 发送, 派遣, 打发 [v. to cause to go; to permit to go; to cause to be carried, taken or directed to or away from a place] sense - n.官能, 感觉, 判断力, 见识, ...感, 意义, 理性 - vt.感到, 理解, 认识 [v. to come to know about by feeling, believing or understanding; n. any of the abilities to see, hear, taste, smell or feel] sentence - n.句子, 判决, 宣判, 文句 - vt.宜判, 判决 [v. to declare the punishment for a crime; n. the punishment for a crime] separate - adj.分开的, 分离的, 个别的, 单独的 - v.分开, 隔离, 分散, 分别 [v. to set or keep people, things or ideas away from or independent from others; ad. not together or connected; different] series - n.连续, 系列, 丛书, 级数 [n. a number of similar things or events that follow one after another in time, position or order] serious - adj.严肃的, 认真的, 严重的 [ad. important; needing careful consideration; dangerous] serve - v.当仆人, 服务, 服役, 供职, 招待, 侍候, 供应, 适合 - n.发球 [v. to work as an official; to be employed by the government; to assist or help] service - n.服务, 服务性工作, 服役, 仪式 - vt.保养, 维修 - adj.(军队)服现役的, 服务性的, 仆人的, 耐用的 [n. an organization or system that provides something for the public ("Schools and roads are services paid for by taxes."); a job that an organization or business can do for money; military organizations such as an army, navy or air force; a religious ceremony] set - v.放, 置, 移动到, 使(人或事物处于某种状态), 提出, 树立, 规定, 调整 - n.一套, 一副, 一批, 接受机, 装置, 趋势, 布景 - adj.固定的, 规定的, 坚决的, 固执的, 事先做好的 [v. to put in place or position; to establish a time, price or limit] settle - n.有背的长凳 - vi.安家, 定居, 停留, 下陷, 沉淀, 决定, 澄清 - vt.安放, 使定居, 安排, 解决, 决定, 整理, 支付, 使平静 [v. to end (a dispute); to agree about (a problem); to make a home in a new place] several - adj.几个, 个别的, 单独的 - pron.几个 [ad. three or more, but not many] severe - adj.严厉的, 严格的, 剧烈的, 严重的, 严峻的 [ad. not gentle; causing much pain, sadness or damage] sex - n.性别, 男性或女性, 性欲, <口>性交, <俚>生殖器, 阴茎 - vt.区别...的性别, 引起...的性欲 [n. either the male or female group into which all people and animals are divided because of their actions in producing young; the physical activity by which humans and animals can produce young] shake - v.摇动, 摇, 颤抖, 震动 - n.摇动, 摇, 颤抖, 震动 [v. to move or cause to move in short, quick movements] shape - n.外形, 形状, 形态, (尤指女子的)体形, 身段, 形式 - vt.制作, 定形, 使成形, 塑造, 使符合 - vi.成形, 形成, 成长 [v. to give form to; n. the form of something, especially how it looks] share –n.共享, 参与, 一份, 部分, 份额, 参股 - vt.分享, 均分, 共有, 分配 [v. to give part of something to another or others; n. a part belonging to, given to or owned by a single person or a group; any one of the equal parts of ownership of a business or company] sharp - n.高调, 内行, 利刃, 骗子 - adj.锐利的, 锋利的, 明显的, 强烈的, 刺耳的, 急剧的, 精明的, 敏捷的 - adv.整, 锐利地, 急速地 [ad. having a thin edge or small point that can cut or hurt; causing hurt or pain] she - pron.[主格]她 [pro. the girl or woman who is being spoken about] sheep - n.羊, 绵羊, 羞答答的人, 胆小鬼, 信徒 [n. a farm animal used for its meat and hair] shell - n.贝壳, 壳, 外形, 炮弹 - vt.去壳, 脱落, 炮轰 - vi.剥落, 脱壳 [v. to fire artillery; n. a metal container that is fired from a large gun and explodes when it reaches its target; a hard outside cover] shelter - n.掩蔽处, 身避处, 掩蔽, 保护, 庇护所, 掩体 - v.掩蔽, 躲避 [v. to protect or give protection to; n. something that gives protection; a place of safety] shine - v.照耀, 发光 - vt.擦亮 - n.光泽, 光亮 [v. to aim a light; to give bright light; to be bright; to clean to make bright] ship - n.船, 海船, 舰 - v.装上船, 航运, 载运, 在船上工作 [v. to transport; n. a large boat] shock - n.打击, 震动, 冲突, 休克, 突击, 禾束堆, 乱蓬的头发 - vt.使震动, 使休克, 使受电击, 震惊得 - vi.震动, 吓人 - adj.蓬乱的, 浓密的 [v. to cause to feel sudden surprise or fear; n. something that greatly affects the mind or emotions; a powerful shake, as from an earthquake] shoe - n.鞋, 鞋子 - v.穿...鞋 [n. a covering for the foot] shoot - n.射击, 发射, 摄影, 急流 - vt.射击, 投射, 伸出, 拍摄, 用完, 挥出, 给...注射, 使爆炸 - vi.射出, 射击, 发出, 发芽, 射门, 拍电影 [v. to cause a gun or other weapon to send out an object designed to kill; to use a gun] short - n.简略, 短路, 短裤 - adj.短的, 矮的, 不足的, 不够的, (智力等)弱的, 浅薄的, 松脆的, 简短 - adv.突然, 缺乏, 不足 [ad. lasting only for a small period of time; not long; opposite tall]

20

should - v.aux.应该, 将要 [v. used with another verb (action word) to show responsibility ("We should study."), probability ("The talks should begin soon."), or that something is believed to be a good idea ("Criminals should be punished.")] shout - v.呼喊, 呼叫 - n.呼喊, 呼叫 [v. to speak very loudly] show - n.表示, 展览, 炫耀, 外观, 假装 - v.出示, 指示, 引导, 说明, 显示, 展出, 放映 [v. to make something be seen; to make known; n. a play or story presented in a theater, or broadcast on radio or television, for enjoyment or education; something organized to be seen by the public] shrink - v.收缩, (使)皱缩, 缩短 [v. to make or become less in size, weight or value] sick - n.病人 - adj.不舒服, 有病的, 恶心的, 厌恶的, 渴望的, 病态的 - vt.呕吐, 追击, 使狗去咬 [ad. suffering physically or mentally with a disease or other problem; not in good health] sickness - n.疾病, 呕吐 [n. the condition of being in bad health] side - n.边, 旁边, 面, 侧面, 胁, 一方, (一个)方面, 摆架子 - adj.旁边的, 侧面的, 副的, 枝节的 - vi.站在同一边 [n. the outer surfaces of an object that are not the top or bottom; parts away from the middle; either the right or left half of the body] sign - n.标记, 符号, 记号, 征兆, 迹象, 征候 - v.签名(于), 署名(于)~, 签署 [v. to write one's name; n. a mark or shape used to mean something; evidence that something exists or will happen; a flat piece of material with writing that gives information] signal - n.信号 - adj.信号的 - v.发信号, 用信号通知 [v. to send a message by signs; n. an action or movement that sends a message] silence - n.静, 寂静, 沉默, 静默 - vt.使沉默, 使安静 - v.压制 [v. to make quiet; to stop from speaking or making noise; n. a lack of noise or sound] silver - n.银, 银子 - vt.镀银 [n. a valued white metal] similar - adj.相似的, 类似的 [ad. like something else but not exactly the same] simple - adj.简单的, 简易的, 朴素的, 简朴的, 天真的, 率直的, 无经验的, 易受骗的 [ad. easy to understand or do; not difficult or complex] since - adv.以后, 后来, 以前 - prep.自从, 自...以来 - conj.自...以后, 自...以来, 因为, 既然 [prep. from a time in the past until now ("I have known her since we went to school together.")] sing - v.唱, 演唱 [v. to make music sounds with the voice] single - adj.单一的, 单身的, 单纯的, 孤独的, 专一的, 个别的 - n.一个, 单打, 单精度型 - vt.选出 - vi.[棒]作一垒打 [ad. one only] sink - vi.沉下, (使)下沉 - n.水槽, 水池, 接收器 [v. to go down into water or other liquid] sister - n.姐妹, 姐, 女会员, 修女, 妹 - vt.姐妹般对待 [n. a female with the same father or mother as another person] sit - v.(使)就座, (使)坐 [v. to rest on the lower part of the body without the support of the legs; to become seated] situation - n.情形, 境遇, (建筑物等的)位置 [n. the way things are during a period of time] size - n.大小, 尺寸, (衣服等)尺码 - vt.依大小排列 [n. the space occupied by something; how long, wide or high something is] skeleton - n.(动物之)骨架, 骨骼, 基干, 纲要, 万能钥匙 [n. all the bones of a human or other animal together in their normal positions skill - n. the ability gained from training or experience] skin - n.皮, 皮肤, 兽皮, 皮毛, 外皮, 外壳 - v.长皮 [n. the outer covering of humans and most animals] sky - n.天, 天空 [n. the space above the earth] slave - n.奴隶 - v.辛勤努力 [n. a person owned or controlled by another] sleep - vi.睡, 睡觉 - n.睡眠 [v. to rest the body and mind with the eyes closed] slide - v.(使)滑动, (使)滑行 - n.滑, 滑动, 幻灯片 [v. to move smoothly over a surface] slow - adj.慢的, 迟钝的, 不活跃的, 缓慢的 - v.(~ down)(使)慢下来, (使)减速, 减缓 - adv.缓慢 [v. to reduce the speed of; ad. not fast in moving, talking or other activities] small - adj.小的, 少的 [ad. little in size or amount; few in number; not important; opposite large] smash - v.打碎, 粉碎 - n.打碎, 粉碎 - adj.出色的 [v. to break or be broken into small pieces by force; to hit or move with force] smell - n.气味, 臭味, 嗅觉 - v.嗅, 闻到, 散发(...的)气味, 有(...的)气味 [v. to sense through the nose; n. something sensed by the nose ("the smell of food cooking")] smoke - n.烟, 烟尘, 烟幕 - v.抽烟, 吸烟 - vi.冒烟 [v. to use cigarettes or other tobacco products by burning them and breathing in the smoke; n. that which can be seen rising into the air like a cloud from something burning] smooth - adj.平滑的, 平坦的, 平稳的, 无毛的, 流畅的, 圆滑的, 安祥的 - vt.使光滑, 烫平, 使优雅, 消除 - vi.变平滑, 变平静 - n.一块平地, 平滑部分 [ad. having a level surface; opposite rough] snow - n.雪 - vi.下雪 [n. soft, white pieces of frozen water that fall from the sky, usually in winter or when the air temperature is very cold] so - conj.因而, 所以, 那麼, 这样看来 - adv.[表示程度] 如此, 那麼, 非常, 很, [表示方式] 这样, 那样, 如此, 因此 [ad. in such a way that ("He held the flag so all could see it."); also; too ("She left early, and so did we."); very ("I am so sick."); as a result ("They were sick, so they could not come."); conj. in order that; for the purpose of ("Come early so we can discuss the plans.")] social - adj.社会的, 爱交际的, 社交的, 群居的 [ad. of or about people or a group] soft - adj.软的, 柔软的, 温和的, 温柔的, 不含酒精的 [ad. not hard; easily shaped; pleasing to touch; not loud] soil - n.土壤, 土地, 国土, 国家, 温床, 粪便, 务农 - vt.弄脏, 污辱 - vi.变脏 [n. earth in which plants grow] soldier - n.士兵, 军人 [n. a person in the army] solid - n.固体, 立体 - adj.固体的, 实心的, 坚固的, 结实的, 立体的, 可靠的, 一致的, 纯粹的 [ad. having a hard shape with no empty spaces inside; strong; not in the form of a liquid or gas] solve - vt.解决, 解答 [v. to find an answer; to settle some - ad. of an amount or number or part not stated; not all] son - n.儿子,女婿,(长者对年轻男子的称呼)孩子,〈基督教〉圣子,耶稣基督 [n. a person's male child] soon - adv.立刻, 不久, 快, 早, 宁愿 [ad. not long after the present time; quickly] sort - n.种类, 类别 - v.分类, 拣选 [n. any group of people or things that are the same or are similar in some way; a kind of something] sound - n.声音, 语音, 噪音, 吵闹, 海峡, 听力范围, 探条 - adj.健全的, 可靠的, 合理的, 有效彻底的, 健康的 - adv.彻底地, 充分地 - vi.发出声音, 回响, 测深, 听起来 - vt.使发声, 宣告, 听诊, 测...深, 试探 [n. fast-moving waves of energy that affect the ear and result in hearing; that which is heard] south - n.南部, 南 - adj.南的, 南方的 [n. the direction to the right of a person facing the rising sun] space - n.空间, 间隔, 距离, 空地, 余地, 一段时间 - vt.留间隔, 隔开 [n. the area outside the earth's atmosphere where the sun, moon, planets and stars are; the area between or inside things] speak - v.说话, 谈话, 说明事实, 表示意见, 发言, 演讲, 操(某种语言) [v. to talk; to say words with the mouth; to express one's thoughts to others and exchange ideas; to give a speech to a group] special - n.特派员, 专车, 专刊 - adj.特别的, 特殊的, 专门的, 专用的 [ad. of a different or unusual kind; not for general use; better or more important than others of the same kind] speech - n.演说, 讲话,语音 [n. a talk given to a group of people] speed - n.迅速, 速度, 速率 - v.加快, 速飞, 飞跑 [v. to make something go or move faster; n. the rate at which something moves or travels; the rate at which something happens or is done] spend - v.花费, 消耗, 用尽 - vt.度过, 消磨 [v. to give as payment; to use ("He spends much time studying.")] spill - n.溢出, 溅出, 摔下, 木片, 小塞子, 暴跌, 溢出量 - vt.使溢出, 使散落, 洒, 使流出, 使摔下, 倒出 - vi.溢出, 涌流, 充满 [v. to cause or permit liquid to flow out, usually by accident]

21

spirit - n.精神, 灵魂, 幽灵, 妖精, 勇气, 火力, 热情, 情绪 - vt.诱拐, 鼓励, 鼓舞 [n. the part of a human that is not physical and is connected to thoughts and emotions; the part of a person that is believed to remain alive after death] split - v.劈开, (使)裂开, 分裂, 分离 - n.裂开, 裂口, 裂痕 [v. to separate into two or more parts; to divide or break into parts] sport - n.运动, [pl.] 运动会 [n. any game or activity of competition involving physical effort or skill] spread - n.伸展, 展开, 传播, 蔓延, 酒席, 宴会, 桌布 - v.伸展, 展开, 铺, 涂, 敷, 摆, 传播, 散布 [v. to become longer or wider; to make or become widely known] spring - n.春天, 跃起, 泉, 弹簧, 发条, 弹性, 弹力, 根源 - v.跳, 跃, 跃出, 使跳跃, 使爆炸, 触发 [n. the time of the year between winter and summer] spy - n.特工人员, 间谍, 侦探, 探员, 秘密侦察他人行动者 - v.侦察, 侦察, 发现 [v. to steal or get information secretly; n. one who watches others secretly; a person employed by a government to get secret information about another country] square - n.正方形, 广场, 平方, 直角尺 - v.使成方形, 弄平, 使直, 与...一致, 符合, 自乘, 结算 [n. a flat shape having four equal sides] stab - n.刺, 刺伤的伤口, 一阵突然而强烈的感觉, 中伤, 伤痛 - v.剌, 刺伤, 伤害(感情等) [v. to cut or push into or through with a pointed weapon] stand - n.停止, 抵抗的状态, 立场, 立足点, 看台, 架子, 台 - v.站, 立, 站起, (使)竖立, (使)位于, 维持不变, 持久, 经受 [v. to move into or be in a position in which only the feet are on a surface; to be in one position or place] star - n.星, 恒星, 明星, 名角 [n. a mass of gas that usually appears as a small light in the sky at night, but is not a planet; a famous person, usually an actor or singer] start - n.动身,出发点,开始,惊起,惊跳,赛跑的先跑权,优先地位 - v.出发,起程,开始,著手,惊动,惊起,起动,发动 [v. to begin; to make something begin] starve - vt.使饿死 - vi.饿得要死 [v. to suffer or die from a lack of food] state - n.情形, 状态, 国家, 政府, 州 - adj.国家的, 国有的, 国营的, 州的, 正式的, 典礼用的 - vt.声明, 陈述, 规定 [v. to say; to declare; n. a political part of a nation] station - n.位置, 岗位, 地位, 身份, ...局, ...站 - vt.驻扎, 配置 [v. a place of special work or purpose ("a police station"); a place where passengers get on or off trains or buses; a place for radio or television broadcasts] statue - vt.以雕像装饰 - n.雕像 [n. a form of a human, animal or other creature usually made of stone, wood or metal] stay - n.逗留, 延缓, 中止, 支柱 - v.在, 暂住, 坚持, 止住, 抑制, 延缓, 停(下) [v. to continue to be where one is; to remain; to not leave; to live for a time ("They stayed in New York for two years.")] steal - v.偷,窃取,偷窃,偷盗 [v. to take without permission or paying] steam - n.蒸汽, 水汽 - vi.蒸发 - vt.蒸 [n. the gas that comes from hot water] steel - n.钢, 钢铁 [n. iron made harder and stronger by mixing it with other substances] step - n.脚步, 步幅, 步调, 步伐, 步骤, 措施, 梯级, 台阶 - v.走, 举步, 移步, 踏 [v. to move by lifting one foot and placing it in a new position; n. the act of stepping; one of a series of actions designed to reach a goal] stick - n.棍, 棒, 手杖 - v.粘住, 粘贴 - vt.刺, 戳 [v. to attach something to another thing using a substance that will hold them together; to become fixed in one position so that movement is difficult ("Something is making the door stick."); n. a thin piece of wood still ad. not moving ("The man was standing still."); until the present or a stated time ("Was he still there?"); even so; although ("The job was difficult, but she still wanted to do it.")] stone - n.石, 石头, 宝石 [n. a small piece of rock] stop - n.停止, 车站, 逗留, 障碍, 风琴的音栓, 填塞 - vi.停止, 被塞住 - vt.塞住, 堵塞, 阻止, 击落, 断绝, 终止, 难倒 [v. to prevent any more movement or action; to come or bring to an end] store - vt.贮藏, 贮备, 存储 - n.商店, 店铺, 贮藏, 贮备 [v. to keep or put away for future use; n. a place where people buy things] storm - n.暴风雨, 暴风雪 - v.狂怒咆哮 [n. violent weather, including strong winds and rain or snow] story - n.故事, 小说, 传说, 事迹, 经历, 假话, 谎话 [n. the telling or writing of an event, either real or imagined] stove - n.炉 [n. a heating device used for cooking] straight - adj.直的, 诚实的, 正直的, 率直的, 整齐的 - adv.直, 直接, 一直 [ad. continuing in one direction without turns] strange - adj.陌生的, 生疏的, 前所未知的, 奇怪的, 奇异的, 不惯的 [ad. unusual; not normal; not known] street - n.街, 街道 [n. a road in a city, town or village] stretch - v.伸展, 伸长 - n.一段时间, 一段路程, 伸展 [v. to extend for a distance; to pull on to make longer or wider] strike - n.罢工, 打击, 殴打 - vi.打, 打击, 罢工, 抓, 敲, 搏动, 打动, 穿透 [v. to hit with force; to stop work as a way to seek better conditions, more pay or to make other demands] strong - adj.强, 强壮的, 坚固的, 浓的, 强烈的, 强大的, 强的, 强硬的 [ad. having much power; not easily broken, damaged or destroyed] structure - n.结构, 构造, 建筑物 - vt.建筑, 构成, 组织 [n. the way something is built, made or organized; a system that is formed or organized in a special way; a building] struggle - n.竞争, 努力, 奋斗 - vi.努力, 奋斗, 挣扎 [v. to try with much effort; to fight with; n. a great effort; a fight] study - n.学习, 研究, 学科, 试作, 论文, 求学, 努力, 书房 - vt.学习, 攻读, 研究, 考虑, 计划 - vi.学习, 试图 [v. to make an effort to gain knowledge by using the mind; to examine carefully] stupid - adj.愚蠢的, 麻木的, 乏味的 [ad. not able to learn much; not intelligent] subject - n.题目, 主题, 科目, 学科, 国民, [语法]主语 - adj.受他国统治的, 未独立的, 受制于...的, 受...影响的, 以...为条件的 - vt.使屈从于...,使隶属 [n. the person or thing being discussed, studied or written about] submarine - n.潜水艇, 潜艇 - adj.水下的, 海底的 [n. an underwater ship] substance - n.物质,实质,主旨,物质,物 [n. the material of which something is made (a solid, liquid or gas)] substitute - n.代用品, 代替者, 替代品 - v.代替, 替换, 替代 [v. to put or use in place of another; n. a person or thing put or used in place of another] subversion - n.颠覆 [n. an attempt to weaken or destroy a political system or government, usually secretly] succeed - vi.(~ in) 成功 - v.继...之后, 继任, 继承, 取得成功 [v. to reach a goal or thing desired; to produce a planned result] such - adj.这样的, 这种, 某一 - pron.这样的人(们)或物 [ad. of this or that kind; of the same kind as; similar to] sudden - adj.突然的, 意外的 [ad. not expected; without warning; done or carried out quickly or without preparation] suffer - vt.遭受, 经历, 忍受 - vi.受痛苦, 受损害 [v. to feel pain in the body or mind; to receive or experience hurt or sadness] sugar - n.糖, 食糖 [n. a sweet substance made from liquids taken from plants] suggest - vt.建议, 提出, 使想起, 暗示 [v. to offer or propose something to think about or consider] summer - n.夏季 - vi.避暑, 过夏天 - adj.夏季的, 在夏季的 [n. the warmest time of the year, between spring and autumn] sun - n.太阳, 阳光, 恒星 - vt.晒 [n. the huge star in the sky that provides heat and light to earth] supervise - v.监督, 管理, 指导 [v. to direct and observe the work of others] supply - n.补给, 供给, 供应品 - vt.补给, 供给, 提供, 补充, 代理 vi.替代他人职务 [v. to give; to provide; n. the amount of something that can be given or sold to others] support - vt.支撑, 扶持, 支持, 支援, 拥护, 维持, 赡养, 忍受 - n.支撑, 支持, 支援, 维持, 赡养, 支持者, 支柱 [v. to carry the weight of; to hold up or in position; to agree with others and help them reach a goal; to approve] suppose - vt.推想, 假设, 猜想 - vi.料想 - conj.假使...结果会怎样 [v. to believe, think or imagine ("I suppose you are right."); to expect ("It is supposed to rain tonight.")] suppress - vt.镇压, 抑制, 查禁, 使止住 [v. to put down or to keep down by force; to prevent information from being known publicly]

22

sure - adj.对....有把握, 稳当的, 可靠的 - adv.的确, 当然 [ad. very probable; with good reason to believe; true without question] surface - n.表面, 外表, 水面 - adj.表面的, 肤浅的 [n. the outer side or top of something ("The rocket landed on the surface of the moon.")] surplus - n.剩余, 过剩, [会计]盈余 - adj.过剩的, 剩余的 - vt.转让, 卖掉 [n. an amount that is more than is needed; extra; ("That country has a trade surplus. It exports more than it imports.")] surprise - n.惊奇, 诧异, 惊人之事, 奇袭 - vt.使惊奇, 奇袭 - adj.令人惊讶的 [v. to cause a feeling of wonder because something is not expected; n. something not expected; the feeling caused by something not expected] surrender - vt.交出, 放弃, 使投降, 听任 - vi.投降, 自首 - n.交出, 放弃, 投降 [v. to give control of oneself or one's property to another or others; to stop fighting and admit defeat] surround - vt.包围, 环境 - v.围绕 [v. to form a circle around; to be in positions all around someone or something] survive - v.幸免于, 幸存, 生还 [v. to remain alive during or after a dangerous situation] suspend - vt.吊, 悬挂 - v.延缓 [v. to imagine or believe that a person is guilty of something bad or illegal; n. a person believed to be guilty] suspect - n.嫌疑犯 - adj.令人怀疑的, 不可信的, 可疑的 - v.怀疑, 猜想, 对...有所觉察 [v. to cause to stop for a period of time] swallow - n.[鸟]燕子, 吞咽, 喉 - vt.咽, 淹没, 吞没, 取消, 忍受, 轻信, 压制, 耗尽 [v. to take into the stomach through the mouth] swear in - v.使宣誓就职 [v. to put an official into office by having him or her promise to carry out the duties of that office ("The chief justice will swear in the president.")] sweet - adj.甜的, 可受的, 美好的, 芳香的 - n.糖果 [ad. tasting pleasant, like sugar] swim - n.游泳, 漂浮, 潮流, 眼花 - adj.游泳时穿戴的 vi.游泳, 游, 漂浮, 旋转, 覆盖, 充溢, 眩晕, 浸 - vt.游过, 使浮起 [v. to move through water by making motions with the arms and legs] sympathy - n.同情, 同情心 [n. a sharing of feelings or emotions with another person, usually feelings of sadness] system - n.系统, 体系, 制度, 体制, 秩序, 规律, 方法 [n. a method of organizing or doing something by following rules or a plan; a group of connected things or parts working together for a common purpose or goal] ------------------------------------------------------------------------------T talk - v.谈话, 讲, 谈论, 议论, 说服某人做某事 - n.谈话, 会谈, 讲演, 讲话 [v. to express thoughts in spoken words; n. a meeting for discussion] tall - adj.高的, 长的, 夸大的 [ad. higher than others; opposite short] tank - n.(盛液体, 气体的大容器)桶,箱,罐,槽, 池塘, 坦克, 战车, 柜, 储水池 - vt.储于槽中, 击败 - vi.大量喝酒 [n. a large container for holding liquids; a heavy military vehicle with guns] target - n.目标, 对象, 靶子 [n. any person or object aimed at or fired at] taste - v.品尝, 辨味, (of)有 ...味道, 领略 - vt.体验, 感到 - n.味道, 味觉 [v. to sense through the mouth ("The fruit tastes sweet.")] tax - n.税, 税款, 税金 - vt.对...征税, 使负重担, 指控, 责备 [n. the money a person or business must pay to the government so the government can provide services] tea - n.茶, 茶树, 茶叶, 茶点 - vt.给...沏茶 - vi.喝茶, 进茶点 [n. a drink made from the plant of the same name] teach - v.讲授, 教授 [v. to show how to do something; to provide knowledge; to cause to understand] team - n.队, 组 [n. a group organized for some purpose, often for sports] tear - n.破处, 破缝, 泪滴, 眼泪, 扯, 飞奔, 激怒 - vi.流泪, 撕破, 猛冲, 飞奔, 被撕破 [v. to pull apart, often by force] tears - n. the fluid that comes out of the eyes while crying technical - adj.技术的, 技术上的, 技巧方面的 [ad. involving machines, processes and materials in industry, transportation and communications; of or about a very special kind of subject or thing ("You need technical knowledge to understand how this system works.")] technology - n.工艺, 科技, 技术 [n. the use of scientific knowledge and methods to produce goods and services telephone - n. a device or system for sending sounds, especially the voice, over distances] telescope -n.望远镜 - v.压缩 [n. a device for making objects that are far away appear closer and larger] television - n.电视, 电视机, 电机学, 电视广播事业 [n. a device that receives electronic signals and makes them into pictures and sounds; the system of sending pictures and sounds by electronic signals over a distance so others can see and hear them on a receiver] tell - vt.告诉, 说, 吩咐, 断定, 知道 - vi.讲述, 泄密, 告发, 表明, 作证 [v. to give information; to make known by speaking; to order; to command] temperature - n.温度 [n. the measurement of heat and cold] temporary - adj.暂时的, 临时的, 临时性 [ad. lasting only a short time] tense - adj.紧张的, 拉紧的 - v.(使)紧张, (使)拉紧 - n.[语法]时态 [ad. having fear or concern; dangerous; opposite calm] term - n.学期, 期限, 期间, 条款, 条件, 术语 [n. a limited period of time during which someone does a job or carries out a responsibility ("He served two terms in Congress."); the conditions of an agreement that have been accepted by those involved in it] terrible - adj.很糟的, 极坏的, 可怕的, 骇人的 [ad. very bad; causing terror or fear] territory - n.领土, 版图, 地域 [n. a large area of land] terror - n.恐怖, 可怕的人, 恐怖时期, 恐怖行动 [n. extreme fear; that which causes great fear] terrorist - n.恐怖分子 [n. a person who carries out acts of extreme violence as a protest or a way to influence a government] test - n.测试, 试验, 检验 - v.测试, 试验, 检验 [v. to attempt to learn or prove what something is like or how it will act by studying or doing ("The scientists will test the new engine soon."); n. an attempt to learn or prove what something is like or how it will act by studying or doing ("The test of the new engine takes place today."); a group of questions or problems used to find out a person's knowledge ("The students did well on the language test.")] than - conj.比 - prep.与...相比较 [conj. connecting word used to link things that may be similar, but are not equal ("My sister is taller than I am.")] thank - vt.感谢, 用于表示强制的要求, 用将来时 [v. to say that one has a good feeling toward another because that person did something kind ("I want to thank you for helping me.")] that - adj.那, 那个 - pron.那, 那个 - conj.引导从句 [ad. showing the person, place or thing being spoken about ("That man is a soldier."); pro. the person, place or thing being spoken about ("The building that I saw was very large.")] the - art.那 [pro. used in front of a name word to show that it is a person or thing that is known about or is being spoken about] theater - n.剧场, 戏院, 电影院, 阶梯教室, 手术教室, 手术室, 全体观众, 戏剧 [n. a place where movies are shown or plays are performed] them - pron.[they 的宾格] 他们, 她们, 它们 [pro. other people being spoken about] then - adv.当时, 在那时, 那麼, 因而, 然后, 于是 [ad. at that time; existing; and so] theory - n.理论, 学说, ...论, 原理, 意见, 推测 [n. a possible explanation of why something exists or how something happens using experiments or ideas, but which is not yet proven ("Other scientists are debating his theory about the disappearance of dinosaurs.")] there - adv.在那里 [ad. in that place or position; to or toward that place] these - adj.pron.这些 [pro. of or about the people, places or things nearby that have been spoken about already] they - pron.他们, 它们 [pro. those ones being spoken about]

23

thick - adj.厚的, 粗的, 稠的, 浓的 - n.最拥挤部份, 活动最多部份, 事物的粗大浓密部份 [ad. having a large distance between two opposite surfaces ("The wall is two meters thick."); having many parts close together ("The forest is very thick."); almost solid, such as a liquid that does not flow easily; opposite thin] thin - adj.薄的, 细的, 瘦的, 稀少的, 稀疏的, (液体,气体)稀薄的, 淡的, 空洞的 - vt.使变薄, 使变细, 使稀少, 使淡 - adv.薄地, 稀疏地, 微弱地 [ad. having a small distance between two opposite surfaces; not fat; not wide; opposite thick] thing - n.东西, 物, [pl.] 所有物, 用品, 事, 事情, 事件, [pl.] 事态 [n. any object] think - v.想, 思索, 认为 - vt.认为, 以为, 预料 [v. to produce thoughts; to form ideas in the mind; to consider; to believe] third - num.第三, 三分之一 [ad. coming after two others] this - adj.这, 这个, 今, 本 - pron.这, 这个 [pro. of or about the person, place or thing nearby that has been spoken about already] threaten - vt.恐吓, 威胁, 预示(危险), 似有发生或来临的可能, 可能来临 [v. to warn that one will do harm or cause damage] through - prep.穿过, 通过, 从开始到结束, 经由, 以 - adv.从头到尾, 自始至终, 直达地, 彻底, 完全 - adj.直达的, 直通的 [prep. in at one end and out at the other; from front to back; from top to bottom; with the help of; by] throw - n.投, 掷 - v.扔, 抛, (指马)把骑者摔在地上, 使苦恼, 惊忧, 投掷 [v. to cause to go through the air by a movement of the arm] tie - n.带子, 线, 鞋带, 不分胜负, 关系, 领带, 领结, 平局 - vt.系, 打结, 扎, 约束, 与...成平局 [v. to join or hold together with some material; n. anything that joins or unites; links or connections ("The two nations have strong trade ties.")] time - n.时间, 时侯, 时机, 节拍, 期限, 次数, 时期, 比赛限时 - vt.安排...的时间, 记录...的时间, 计时, 定时 [n. that which is measured in minutes, hours, days and years; a period that can be identified in hours and minutes and is shown on a clock; a period when an event should or will take place] tired - adj.疲劳的, 累的, 疲倦的 [ad. having less strength because of work or exercise; needing sleep or rest] to - prep.向, 往, 给...,于...,直到...为止, 在...之前, 比, 对, [表示程度,范围] 到, 达 [prep. showing the direction of an action; showing the person or place toward which an action is directed; showing a goal or purpose] today - adv.今天, 现今 - n.今天, 现今 [n. this day] together - adv.共同, 一起, 合起来, 集拢地 [ad. in one group; at the same time or place; in cooperation] tomorrow - adv.明天见 - n.明天, 未来 [n. the day after today] tonight - adv.今晚, 今夜 - n.今晚 [n. this night] too - adv.也, 太过份 [ad. also; as well as; more than is necessary] tool - n.工具, 用具, 爪牙, 走狗, 手段 - vt.用工具加工, 使用设备 - vi.使用工具 [n. any instrument or device designed to help one do work] top - n.顶部, 顶端, 极点, 顶蓬, 陀螺, (常用复数)根菜植物的叶子, 上部, 盖子 - adj.最高的, 顶上的, 头等的 - vt.盖, 戴, 高耸, 达到顶端, 截去(植物)顶端, 高过, 超越 vi.结束, 完成, 胜过 [n. the upper edge or surface; the highest part; the cover of something] torture - n.折磨, 痛苦, 拷问, 拷打 - vt.拷问, 曲解, 折磨, 使弯曲 [v. to cause severe pain; n. the act of causing severe pain in order to harm, to punish or to get information from] total - n.总数, 合计 - adj.总的, 全部的, 整个的 - v.合计, 总数达, 达到 [n. the complete amount] touch - n.触, 触觉, 接触, 联系, 轻触, 碰, 缺点, 格调 - vt.接触, 触摸, 触及, 达到, 涉及, 点缀, 使接触, 感动 [v. to put the hand or fingers on] toward - prep.向, 对于, 为了 - adj.有希望的, 有利的, 逼近的, 温顺的 [prep. in the direction of; leading to] town - n.市镇, 城镇 [n. a center where people live, larger than a village but not as large as a city] trade - n.贸易, 商业, 交易, 生意, 职业, 行业, [气]信风, 顾客 - vi.交易, 买卖, 经商, 对换, 购物 - vt.用...进行交换 [v. to buy and sell or exchange products or services; n. the activity of buying, selling or exchanging products or services] tradition - n.传统, 惯例 [n. a ceremony, activity or belief that has existed for a long time] traffic - n.交通, 通行, 运输, 贸易, 交通量, 交易, 交往, 通信量 - vi.交易, 买卖 - vt.在...通行, 用...作交换 [n. the movement of people, vehicles or ships along a street, road or waterway] tragic - adj.悲惨的, 悲剧的 - n.(文艺作品或生活中的)悲剧因素, 悲剧风格 [ad. extremely sad; terrible] train - n.火车, 列车, 行列, 后果, 顺序, 长队, 长袍(裙)拖地的部分, 导火线 - vt.训练, 培养, 瞄准, (园艺)整枝 - vi.锻炼 [v. to teach or learn how to do something; to prepare for an activity; n. an engine and the cars connected to it that move along a railroad] transport - n.传送器, 运输, 运输机, 激动, 流放犯, 狂喜 - vt.传送, 运输, 流放, 放逐 [v. to move goods or people from one place to another] transportation - n.运输, 运送 [n. the act or business of moving goods or people] trap - n.圈套, 陷阱, 诡计, 活板门, 存水弯, 汽水闸, (双轮)轻便马车 - vi.设圈套, 设陷阱 - vt.诱捕, 诱骗, 计捉, 设陷, 坑害, 使受限制 [v. to catch or be caught by being tricked; to be unable to move or escape; n. a device used to catch animals] travel - v.旅行, 传播 - vi.行进, 传播 - n.旅行 [v. to go from one place to anot

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