当前位置:首页 >> 英语 >>

高中英语外研版必修3课件:Module 3 Section Ⅱ Introduction & Reading and Vocabulary-Language Points


精 剖 析 · 重 点 词 汇

Module

3

The Violence of Nature
学 业 分 层 测 评

Section Ⅱ Introduction & Reading and Vocabulary -Language Points

巧 突 破 · 核 心 句 型

experience n.经验;经历 vt.经历;体验 (教材 P21)Have you ever experienced a flood? 你曾经经历过洪灾吗?
(1) have experience in sth. from/by experience 在??方面有经验 凭经验;从经验中 (得出) (2)experienced adj. be experienced in/at 有经验的;熟练的 在??方面有经验

in teaching. ①Our English teacher has much experience ____
我们的英语老师有丰富的教学经验。

experiences (experience) while travelling in Africa. ②He had many interesting ___________
他在非洲旅行时,有许多有趣的经历。

experienced (experience)in looking after children. ③She is very ______________
在照看孩子方面她很有经验。 [ 名师点津]

experience 当名词用,作“经验”讲时,是不可数名词;作“经历”讲时, 是可数名词。当动词讲时意为“体验;经历”,是及物动词。

cause n.原因,起因;事业 vt.引起;导致 (教材 P21)Do you know anything about the events? For example, what causes them? 你知道有关这些事件的事情吗?比方说,什么引起了它们?
(1)the cause of cause and effect (2)cause sb.sth. cause sb./sth.to do sth. ??的原因 因果关系 给某人带来某事 导致某人/某事做??

①I hope the children haven't caused you too much trouble. 我希望孩子们没有给你招来太多的麻烦。 ②According to a recent research, heavy coffee drinking and heart attack are not

cause and effect . necessarily ________________
最近一项研究表明,饮过量的咖啡与心脏病并没有必然的因果关系。

to change (change) his mind? ③What caused him ____________
是什么使他改变了主意?

[ 明辨异同]

cause,reason

cause 指使某事发生的原因,常与 of 连用。 reason 解释做某事的原因, 常与 for 连用, 也可以接 why 引导的定语从 句。

(cause/reason)

reason for his driving so fast was that he would attend an important ④The ________
meeting.

cause of failure. ⑤Carelessness is often the ________

occur vi.发生,出现;想起 (教材 P23)Almost all of them occur in the US, in the area from Texas in the southeast to South Dakota in the north. 几乎所有的龙卷风都发生在美国东南部德克萨斯州到北部南达科塔州一带 地区。
sth.occurs to sb. 某事浮现在某人的脑海中;某人想到某事 It occurs to sb.that.../ to do sth.... 某人突然想起??/做某事

①The accident occurred yesterday morning. 事故发生在昨天上午。

to him. ②When he was walking in the street this morning, a new idea occurred ___
今天早晨他在街上散步时突然想到了一个新主意。

to meet (meet)my first teacher in the small town. ③It never occurred to me ________
我从来没想到会在这座小镇上见到我的启蒙老师。

that ④It occurred to me ________ I had left the umbrella upstairs.
我想起我把伞忘在楼上了。

[ 明辨异同]

occur,happen,take place,break out

这四个词(组)都含有“发生”的意思, 都是不及物动词, 没有被动语态。 是较为正式的用语, 多指在具体的时间、 地点“发生”某事; occur 还可以表示某种想法“突然产生”。 多指偶然之事或意外等“发生”。 表示“某人发生了某事” happen 用 sth. happened to sb./sth.; 表示“碰巧做某事”用 happen to do sth.。 take place 多指有计划、有组织的发生。 break out 指战争、灾难、疾病、地震、火灾等突然发生。

(occur/happen/take place/break out) ⑤Yesterday a traffic accident __________ on this road, but luckily no one was injured. ⑥It __________ to me that I had left my book at home. ⑦Great changes have __________ in my hometown since 2015. ⑧Two world wars __________ last century. 【答案】 ⑤occurred/happened ⑥occurred

⑦taken place

⑧broke out

pick up 卷起,掀起;拾起,捡起;收拾,整理;(偶然)学会;用车接 某人;收听到;身体好转;加速;恢复 (教材 P23)Tornadoes can pick up cars,trains and even houses and put them down in the next street—or even in the next town. 龙卷风能卷起汽车、火车甚至房子,把它们卷到旁边的街道——甚至卷到 邻近的城镇。

写出下列句中 pick up 的含义 ①The Young Pioneer turned over to the police the wallet he had picked up in the street.__________ ②The bus stopped several times to pick up passengers.__________ ③He picked up French very quickly during his stay in Paris.__________ ④Business has been very poor but they expect it to pick up again before Christmas.__________

⑤It

is

necessary

to

use

a

shortwave

radio

to

pick

up

the

programmes.__________ ⑥Don't forget to pick up the ice cream on your way home.____________

【答案】 ①拾起;捡起 ②用车接某人 ③偶然得到(学到) ④好转 ⑤ 接收(信号) ⑥顺便买

pick out

挑选;分辨出;领会

pick out ⑦Let's ____________ the bad apples from the basket.
让我们把坏掉的苹果从篮子里挑出来。

picked up a wallet on the way to____________ picking up his daughter yesterday. ⑧He ____________
昨天他在接他女儿的路上捡到了一个钱包。 【导学号:91390012】

take off 去掉;脱掉;起飞;休假;迅速成功/走红 (教材 P23)They can take the fur off the back of a cat and the feathers off a chicken. 它们也能将猫和鸡的毛脱掉。 写出下列句中 take off 的含义 ①(2014· 陕西高考)When the delayed flight will take off depends much on the weather.__________ ②Her singing career had just begun to take off after attending I am a singer.__________ ③Tim took off his clothes and jumped into the water.__________ ④I'd like to take three days off next week.__________ 【答案】 ①起飞 ②开始成功 ③脱掉 ④休假

take up take down take in take on take over

占去,占据(时间、地位等) 记下 吸收;理解;欺骗 呈现;雇用 接管,接任

up so much of your valuable time. ⑤I'm sorry to have taken ____
我很抱歉占了你这么多宝贵的时间。

over ⑥Mr.Black took ________ the company after his grandpa died.
布莱克先生在爷爷去世之后接管了这家公司。

on (an/the) average 平均起来 (教材 P23)On average, there are 800 tornadoes in the US each year, causing about 80 deaths and 1,500 injuries. 平均来说,美国每年发生 800 次龙卷风,造成大约 80 人死亡,1 500 人受 伤。
an average of... above/below average 平均有?? 在平均水平以上/以下

an average of ①Parents spend __________________ 220 yuan a year on toys for children.
父母每年为孩子花在玩具上的钱平均在 220 元。

above average, while Harry's is ________ below average. ②Tom's work at school is _______
汤姆在学校的功课在一般以上,而哈利的功课在一般以下。

strike(struck,struck/striken)v.& n.(雷电、暴风雨等)袭击;(疾病)侵 袭;打击,撞击;罢工 vt.突然想起;打动;划(火柴);敲 (教材 P23)By the late 1890s, he had moved to Galveston, where he died in 1899, a year before the hurricane struck. 19 世纪 90 年代后期,他迁到加尔维斯顿,于 1899 年在那里去世。第二年, 飓风袭击了那里。

写出下列句中 strike 的含义 ①(谚语)Strike while the iron is hot.____________ ②The visitors were struck by the beauty of the country.____________ ③Last month, thousands of workers in that city went on strike to get a pay rise.____________ ④I heard the clock striking eight when I woke up this morning._____________ ⑤A strange thought has just struck me.____________

【答案】 ①击打 ②打动;给??以印象 ③罢工 ④(钟)敲 ⑤想起

(1)sth.strikes sb. it strikes sb.that.../to do...

某人突然想出??

某人突然想到?? (2) be struck by... 被??打动;迷恋??

(3)strike sb.in/on+the+身体部位 打某人某部位 (4)be on /go on strike 在/举行罢工

that he was on business in Shanghai. ⑥It struck me ______
我突然想到他正在上海出差。

on the back of the head. ⑦A snowball struck him ____
一个雪球打中了他的后脑勺。

[ 名师点津] 表示“某人突然想到??”还可以用下列句式: It strikes/ hits sb. that... sth. strikes sb. sth. comes to sb. sb. hit on/upon sth.

(教材 P23)The cemetery where Coghlan was

buried ________

was destroyed

ended up in the sea. by the hurricane and Coghlan's coffin ____________
埋葬科格伦的公墓被飓风所摧毁,他的棺材最后被卷入了大海。 (1) bury vt.埋葬;埋藏;用??覆盖

(1) bury sth./sb.in/at/under

??将??埋葬 在??

(2)be buried in=bury oneself in be buried in thought

埋头于;专心于 沉思

①She buried her face in her hands and wept when she heard the bad news. 当她听到那个不幸的消息时,她掩面而泣。

was buried (bury)in ②After failing in the College Entrance Examination, he ____________
his studies. 高考失败后,他埋头于学习。

buried (bury)in a newspaper. ③She was sitting with her head ________
她坐着埋头看报纸。

Buried (bury)in his study, he didn't know that all the others had left. ④________
Burying = _______(bury) himself in his study, he didn't know that all the others had left.
他埋头学习,不知道其他人都早已离开了。

(2) end up 结果为??;以??结束
end up with 以??结束(后接表具体事 物的名词) end up in 以??结束(后接抽象名 词) end up as... end up doing sth. end up+adj.... 最终成为/变成?? 结果做某事 以??(状况)而告终

⑤You'll soon end up in debt if you keep on spending money that way. 如果你继续那样花钱,你很快就会负债的。

as a teacher.她立志当 ⑥She had always wanted to be a writer but ended up ____
作家,但结果当了老师。

with fruit. ⑦At the dinner we usually begin with soup and end up ______
在宴会上,通常开始的第一道菜是汤,最后一道是水果。

becoming (become)good ⑧At first they hated each other, but they ended up ___________
friends. 他们最初相互仇恨,到后来却成了好朋友。

dead (death). ⑨If you keep driving your car like that, you'll end up ________
如果你继续像那样开车的话,你会丧命的。

Ⅰ.语境填词 1 . Tom has ________ a lot of natural disasters, such as hurricanes, thunderstorms and tornadoes, so he says he himself is a man with unforgettable ________ and has got a lot of ________; that is, he is ________ in dealing with natural disasters.(experience)【导学号:91390013】 2.—Does the medicine have any _________on you? —I'm afraid not.It hasn't ________ me yet.(affect)

3. In order to ________ my new apartment, it took me all day to transport all the ________ to the new apartment.(furnish) 4 . Her husband was a ________ man ; so he was likely to react ________.(violent)

【答案】 1.experienced;experiences;experience;experienced affected 3.furnish;furniture 4.violent;violently

2.effect;

Ⅱ.选词填空 pick up;take off;on average;of all time;end up;be experienced at/in 1.__________________, how much can you get every month in 2015? 2.If you continue to steal, you'll ________________ in prison. 3 . He has never studied Japanese; what he knows is what he __________________ while living in Japan. 4.__________________ your clothes; they're very wet. 5.What is the worst disaster __________________ in your opinion?

【答案】 1.On average 2.end up 3.picked up 4.Take off 5.of all time

leave the furniture inside (教材 P23)They can destroy houses,but ________________________
exactly where it was. 它们能毁掉房子,却把房内的家具留在原处。 【要点提炼】 句中 leave the furniture inside 为“leave+宾语+宾补”结

构,该句式意为“让/使某人(物)继续处于某种状态、某地等”。该句式中 leave 为及物动词,意思是“使处于??;听任??”。

leave 的常见结构如下: leave+宾语+宾补?名词/形容词/副词/分词/不定 式/从句等

①If a person is badly injured in an accident, you'd better leave him where he is. 如果一个人在事故中伤得很重,你最好让他待在原地不动。 ②His parents died, leaving him an orphan. 他的父母去世了,他成了孤儿。 closed (close) or you will breathe polluted air. ③Leave the windows ________ 让窗户关着,否则你会呼吸受污染的空气。

running (run)while you brush your teeth.刷牙的时 ④Don't leave the water _________
候不要开着水龙头。

unfinished (unfinish). ⑤When he went home, he left the work ____________
当他回家的时候,他的工作还未完成。

By the time it ended,more than 700 people had been (教材 P23) ______________
killed and 2,700 had been injured. 到这次飓风结束时,已有 700 多人死亡,2 700 多人受伤。 【要点提炼】 候”。
by the time 用作连词引导时间状语从句的具体用法如下: (1)by the time+一般过去时,主句通常用过去完成时。 (2)by the time+一般现在时,主句通常用将来完成时或 一般将来时。

by the time 在此引导时间状语从句,意为“到了??的时

①By the time I got home, my mother had already finished cooking supper. 我到家的时候,妈妈已经把晚饭做好了。

will have left (leave) the country. ②By the time this letter reaches you, I ______________
当你收到这封信时,我将已离开这个国家了。

[ 名师点津] by the end of+过去的时间,句子的谓语动词用过去完成时;by the end of+ 将来的时间,句子的谓语动词用将来完成时。

had been completed (complete)by the end of 2015. ③The project ____________________
这项工程在 2015 年年底已经竣工了。

will have finished (finish) the task. ④By the end of next month, we ________________
到下个月月末,我们将完成这项任务。

完成句子 1.他出去时把文件摊在桌上了。 He went out leaving his papers________________ on the desk. 2.你最好让门开着来透透新鲜空气。 You'd better __________________ to let in the fresh air. 3.在三岁前,他没有见过他的父亲。 By the time he was three, he __________________ his father.

4.到你回来时,我将已经把活做完了。 By the time you get back, I __________________ the work. 5.昨晚发生了一场交通事故,导致三人死亡。 A traffic accident happened last night,__________________. 【导学号:91390014】
【答案】 1.lying open 3.hadn't seen 2.leave the door open 4.will/shall have finished

5.causing three deaths

By the late 1890s,he had moved to Galveston,where he died in 1899,a year before the hurricane struck. 【分析】 by the late 1890s 在句中作时间状语;

where he died in 1899 为定语从句, 修饰 Galveston; a year 为同位语。
19世纪90年代后期,他迁到加尔维斯顿, 【翻译】 ___________________________________ 于1899年在那里去世。第二年,飓风袭击了那里。 ________________________________________________


赞助商链接
相关文章:
...5 Section Ⅰ Introduction & Reading — Pre-r...
高中英语外研版必修3Module 5 SectionIntroduction & Reading — Pre-...He got married at the age of 19 and had one son and two daughters. ...
...Module3MusicSectionⅠIntroduction&ReadingPre...
高中英语Module3MusicSectionIntroduction&ReadingPre_reading教学案外研版必修220180128139_英语_高中教育_教育专区。Module 3 MusicSectionIntroduction &...
...1DeepSouthSectionⅡIntroduction&Reading_Lang...
高中英语外研版选修8教学案:Module1DeepSouthSectionⅡIntroduction&Reading_LanguagePoints含答案_高三英语_英语_高中教育_教育专区。Module 1 Deep South Section ...
...3 Section Ⅰ Introduction & Reading — Pre-r...
高中英语外研版选修7Module 3 SectionIntroduction & Reading — Pre-reading_英语_高中教育_教育专区。OliverTwist,written in 1837~1838, tells the ...
...2 Section Ⅱ Introduction & Reading — Langu...
高中英语外研版选修7Module 2 Section Introduction & Reading — Language Points_英语_高中教育_教育专区。Section_ Introduction & Reading — Language ...
...1 Section Ⅱ Introduction & Reading — Langu...
高中英语外研版选修8Module 1 Section Introduction & Reading — Language Points_英语_高中教育_教育专区。Section_ Introduction & Reading — Language ...
...4 Section Ⅰ Introduction & Reading — Pre-r...
高中英语外研版必修2Module 4 SectionIntroduction & Reading — Pre-reading_英语_高中教育_教育专区。MonaLisa is a 16th?century portrait painted by ...
MODULE 6 Section A INTRODUCTION & READING AND VOCAB...
MODULE 6 Section A INTRODUCTION & READING AND VOCABULARY 同步练测(外研版必修3)_英语_高中教育_教育专区。MODULE 6 Section A 建议用时 45 分钟 满分 60 分...
...2 Section Ⅰ Introduction & Reading — Pre-r...
高中英语外研版选修8Module 2 SectionIntroduction & Reading — Pre-reading_英语_高中教育_教育专区 暂无评价|0人阅读|0次下载 高中英语外研版选修8...
...5 Section Ⅰ Introduction & Reading — Pre-r...
高中英语外研版选修6Module 5 SectionIntroduction & Reading — Pre-reading_英语_高中教育_教育专区。Among all the fast growing science and technology...
更多相关标签:

相关文章