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2018届高三英语二轮复习课件:专题四 阅读理解2.4.2 (21张ppt)


第二版块 语篇版块 第二讲 词句猜测题 词句猜测题的四种类型 考点 1 猜测词义类 [ 典例 1] (2016· 全国卷ⅡB 片段) Once I had a boy who worked experimentally with Tinkertoys in his free time.His constructions filled a shelf in the art classroom and a good part of his bedroom at home.I was delighted at the presence of such a student.Here was an exceptionally creative mind at work.His presence meant that I had an unexpected teaching assistant in class whose creativity would infect (感染) other students. Encouraging this kind of thinking has a downside.I ran the risk of losing those students who had a different style of thinking.Without fail one would declare,“But I’m just not creative.” 27.What does the underlined word“downside” in Paragraph 4 probably mean? A.Mistake. C.Difficulty. B.Drawback. D.Burden. 解题思路: 第一步 阅读文章,在画线词后找出相关信息词 ①Encouraging this kind of thinking has a downside. ②I ran the risk of losing those students who had a different style of thinking. 第二步 对比信息词与选项,找出符合题干要求的选项。 作者冒着失去那些有不同思维风格的学生的风险,故该词的意思是“不是, 缺点”。 尝试解答:____B____ 1.识别题干关键 (1)The underlined word...probably means________. (2)Which of the following is closest in meaning to the underlined word..? 2.“文中信息”巧利用 (1)同义或定义解释法。上下文中以某种方式对其进行解释,如利用 or,that is(to say),in other words,namely 等词语进行解释,或利用破折号、同位语(从句)、 定语从句等进行解释。 (2)因果推断法。对生词词义的猜测需要结合上下文的因果关系进行。 (3)前后对比法。上下文中往往对生词提供一定的对比背景,并且通常以反义 或对照的方式出现,以此可推测生词意思。 (4)语境理解法。生词词义的推测大多根据语境进行,做题时要根据上下文语 境信息进行分析、推理,从而猜测出生词的意义。 (5)基本构词法。根据前缀、后缀,合成及词性转换猜测词义。 考点 2 [ 典例 2] 猜测短语类 (2017· 全国卷ⅠD 片段) To constr

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