英 语 试 题
第 I 卷 选择题 （共 85 分） 第一部分:听力（共两节, 满分 20 分） 第一节（共 5 小题；每小题 1 分,满分 5 分） 听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有一个小题，从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最 佳选项，并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后，你都有 10 秒钟的时间来回答有关小题
和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。 1. What is the man? A. A salesman. B. A fisherman. C. A repairman. 2. How long is the post office open on Saturdays? A. For 3 hours. B. For 5 hours. C. For 8 hours. 3. Why can‘t the woman play her records? A. Because she‘s broken them. B. Because she‘s left them in the cafe. C. Because she‘s forgotten where she put them. 4. Where does the conversation most likely take place? A. At a department store. B. In a club. C. In the zoo. 5. What does the woman mean? A. She likes the dinner but doesn‘t like the soup. B. She likes the soup but doesn‘t like the dinner. C. She likes both the dinner and the soup. 第二节（共 15 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 15 分） 听下面 5 段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题，从每题所给的 A、B、C 三个 选项中选出最佳选项，并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前，你将有时间阅读各个 小题，每小题 5 秒钟；听完后，各小题将给出 5 秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。 听第 6 段材料，回答第 6 至 8 题。 6. In which country is the woman going to study? A. Australia. B. Britain. C. America. 7. How does the woman feel about going abroad? A. Happy. B. Calm. C. Disappointed. 8. What do we know about the woman? A. She will stay abroad forever. B. She will study economics in the university. C. She has got a master‘s degree. 听第 7 段材料，回答第 9 至 11 题。 9. Where did the conversation probably take place? A. At the woman‘s house. B. At a restaurant. C. At the man‘s house. 10. What else does the man prefer to do after the meal? A. To watch TV. B. To smoke. C. To drink some water. 11. What does the woman advise the man to do to be good at cooking? A. Learn how to cook from her. B. Get a book and do after it. C. Take some courses on cooking. 听第 8 段材料，回答第 12 至 14 题。 12. Why did the woman call Mr. Johnson? A. To introduce a job. B. To set up a laboratory. C. To go to a college. 13. How did the Job Center know Johnson was looking for a job? A. Johnson phoned them. B. Johnson emailed them. C. Johnson telegrammed them. 14. What did Mr. Johnson decide? A. To take the job. B. To talk to his wife. C. To go to the Job Center
tomorrow. 听第 9 段材料，回答第 15 至 17 题。 15. Where is the conversation taking place? A．In the room. B．In the classroom. C．In a snack bar. 16．Why does Bill sometimes get angry at the man? A．He doesn‘t tell truth. B．He‘s too noisy. C．He‘s messy. 17．What did Bill do during the vacation? A．He took a long trip． B．He visited the man‘s family C．He stayed in the dorm． 听第 10 段材料，回答第 18 至 20 题。 18. Why is the speaker leaving for London? A. To visit some museums. B. To attend a conference. C. To go on business. 19. What will the speaker do in London? A. Meet his old teacher. B. Study English literature. C. See the dentist. 20. Who does the speaker want John to telephone? A. Peter. B. The teacher. C. The dentist. 第二部分：英语语言知识运用（共两节，满分 35 分） 第一节：单项选择（共 15 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 15 分） 请认真阅读下面各题，从题中所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，选出可以填入空白处 的最佳选项，并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 21. While he was investigating ways to improve the telescope, Newton made ________ discovery which completely changed ________ man‘s understanding of color. A. a; ／ B. a; the C. ／; the D. the；a 22. In many states of America, a neighbor may ______ you with playing your radio too loudly. A. charge B. blame C. punish D. scold 23. It was July 24th when he arrived in London, ______ the 30th Olympic Games would be declared open 3 days later. A. that B. how C. where D. Who 24．—Can I ask for a leave tomorrow．Mrs. Harmon? — _. You've missed half of the lessons already． A．That all depends B．Forget it C．Never mind D．Don't worry 25．— Did they attend the opening ceremony? —They _, but they were late and quit it． A．would B．would have C．didn't D．will have to 26．Because of his achievement in the field, Mr．Young is _ as an example of a man who works hard and manages to live his dream． A．lived up to B．looked up to C．stood up to D．followed up to 27．—Do you want tea or coffee? —I don't mind — _ you're making． A．what B．whatever C．whichever D．which 28．— What shall I do if I get lost in England ? —Ask whoever is available in the street for help ,just as you _ do in our own country． A．should B．must C．might D．will 29．—Could you give any suggestion about the furnishing in my house? — Let me see． ． Oh everything is nice except that the painting seems a little bit ． _． A．out of reach B．out of place C．out of touch D． out of order 30. The time is not far away ___ modern communication will become widespread in China‘s vast countryside. A. when B. as C. that D. which 31. Please remember to remind them that the products inside are ________ and must be handled
with great care. A. smooth B. heavy C. flexible D. fragile 32. She never goes home until all her newspapers ________ out. A. sell B. will be sold C. will sell D. are sold 33. If the work _______ by the end of the month is delayed, the construction company will be fined. A. being completed B. have been completed C. to be completed D. will be completed 34. No 11 Light Rail Line _into use by the time the second Youth Olympic Games begins in Nanjing in 2014． A．has been put B．is being put C．will have been put D．is going to put 35. ––– It is ridiculous that John wants to make academic progress but never devotes any time to it. ––– Maybe it‘s time for him to know______. A. heaven never helps the man who will not act B. he who makes constant complaint gets little compassion. C. hope for the best, but prepare for the worst D. It is easy to be wise after the event. 第二节 完型填空（共 20 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 20 分） 阅读下面短文，从短文后各题所给的四个选项（A、B、C 和 D）中，选出可以填入空 白处的最佳选项，并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 My mother is a geneticist, and from her I learned that despite our differences in size, shape and color, we humans are 99.9 percent the same. It is in our 36 to see differences: skin, hair and eye color, height, language. But also in our nature, way down in the DNA that 37 us human, we are almost the 38 . I believe there is more that unites us than 39 us. My mother came to the US from India. She is 40 enough that she got her service 41 in a diner in 1960s Dallas. My father is a white boy from Indiana whose 42 came from Germany in the mid-1800s. It seems 43 to admit now, but I never 44 that my parents were different colors. One day, I watched my parents walk 45 the street of our church together. They were 46 in the service that day, and as they walked, I saw their hands 47 together in unison(一致地). I noticed for the first time how dark my mother was, and how white my father was. I knew them as my parents 48 I realized their skin color. I'm sorry to say that now when I see a mixed-race 49 walking down the street, I see the "mixed race" first and the "couple" second. When my parents married in 1966, there were 50 places in this country that had laws 51 mixed marriage. 52 , my white grandfather, 53 father had been a typical racist, was not against their marriage. Some of us are men, some are women. Some are young, some old. Some of us are short and others 54 . Some right-handed, some left-handed. We have lots of differences; we are all 55 . But deep down inside us, down in our DNA, we are 99.9 percent the same. And I believe we need to remember that. 36A. feature B. character C. nature D. quality 37A. gets B. lets C. has D. makes 38A. same B. different C. familiar D. similar 39A. differs B. divides C. departs D. splits 40A. yellow B. white C. dark D. brown 41A. turned out B. turned down C. turned over D. turned back 42A. ancestors B. parents C. family D. origin 43A. lazy B. wise C. silly D. careful 44A. noticed B. looked C. watched D. observed 45A. in B. up C. out D. down 46A. entering B. running C. attending D. participating 47A. rocking B. shaking C. swinging D. waving 48A. unless B. after C. before D. until
49A. marriage B. couple C. double D. twins 50A. always B. also C. almost D. still 51A. allowing B. preventing C. encouraging D. banning 52A. Therefore B. However C. But D. Otherwise 53A. which B. whose C. that D. what 54A. long B. high C. tall D. kind 55A. similar B. familiar C. unique D. same 第三部分 阅读理解（共 15 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 30 分） 阅读下列短文，从每题所给的四个选项（A、B、C 和 D）中, 选出最佳选项，并在答题卡 上将该项涂黑。 A London has become a cycle friendly zone after the launch of a new bike hire scheme．It has been designed to encourage more people to cycle in and around central London． So how does it work？First you have to sign up to the scheme to be sent a key．The key will unlock one of the bikes，which are kept at docking stations in and around central London．You have to pay an access fee for the key and then you pay as you go，for the length of time you use the bike． Transport for London, which runs the scheme，are hoping to have 6，000 bikes and 400 docking stations in place by the end of the year．The new hire system is hoping to ease congestion in London and is expected to generate up to 40，000 extra cycle trips a day into the city centre. London Mayor Boris Johnston launched the scheme and said London had been ―filled with thousands of gleaming machines that will transform the look and feel of our streets and become as common place on our roads as black cabs and red buses‖. However， there have been a few problems since the scheme was launched last Friday． the On first day some people found they couldn‘t dock their bike properly and their usage of the bike had not registered． Transport for London did admit they had been expecting a few ―teething problems‖ and have said they wouldn‘t charge for the first day as a “gesture of goodwill” Some other people ． have criticized the lack of docking stations and locks for the bikes as well as the price it costs to hire the bicycles． Despite the comments，the green-thinking London Mayor still seems very positive about things，saying， “My campaign for the capital to become the greatest big cycling city in the world has taken a gigantic pedal-powered push forwards． ” 56．Which is the correct order of a bike hire？ a．pay a usage charge according to the time b．pay for the key c．cycle in and around central London d．sign up as a member to get a key A．b-d-c-a B．b-c-a-d C．d-c-b-a D．d-b-c-a 57．Which of the following is NOT the ―teething problems‖ of the scheme？ A．People were unable to lock properly． B．People could not dock the bikes properly． C．People had no enthusiasm about the scheme． D．It‘s too expensive for some people to hire a bike． 58．From the passage we know __________． A．the ?cycling revolution‘ failed once started B．the scheme will be put off due to the problems C．all the citizens in London are in favor of the scheme D．the London Mayor has great confidence in the scheme B Hiking is an outdoor activity which consists of walking in natural environments, often in mountainous or other scenic terrain (地形). People often hike on hiking trails. It is such a popular activity that there are numerous hiking organizations worldwide. It is considered one of the recreational activities. Many people say they go hiking because they love to walk outdoor, without necessarily having a destination ahead of them. This makes hiking much more different than walking down
the street to the store or to some other places that we need to go. People who like hiking say, "We enjoy ourselves along the way whether we arrive somewhere important or not.‖ Some people add another reason for hiking to the basic one of loving to be outdoors. These folks see hiking as not only mentally healthy for clearing the mind but also physically healthy as great exercise for the body. Unlike some other exercise programs, hiking can be an activity for almost anyone in reasonably good health. Hiking on a smooth, level path is even good exercise. Trudging (跋涉) over rougher terrain can be a workout and a time of enjoyment at the same time. Some people who hike on a regular basis give little thought to the exercise part of the activity. These people are more likely to go hiking because they are exploring nature. They may be interested in the trees or the rocks. Perhaps they are interested in looking at the birds or the various animals that lodge in the forest or the park. Certainly park land is ideal for hiking. Many of these sites have marked for hiking. This leads many to take part in hiking specifically for the exercise and enjoyment of being outdoors, when they may not do this otherwise. Some people look at hiking as having two major benefits. When asked why they go hiking in their spare time many people will combine these reasons: It helps me relax; it doesn't take a great investment of money for equipment. For them, a good pair of shoes and some comfortable clothes can help them get away from work or other stressful situations that may arise in life. In many cases, these hikers can enjoy their favorite pastime all year long. They may be able to take those outdoor walks in almost any weather. It's safe to say that hiking can heal and please the human being in many ways. 59. Which of the following sayings can describe the people who like hiking in Paragraph 2? A. Where there is a will there is a way. B. You will never reach your destination if you stop. C.A good plan today is better than a perfect plan tomorrow. D. Life is a journey, not a destination. 60. What can we learn from the last paragraph? A. It will cost you a lot of money, when you go hiking. B. Hiking is suitable for workers who work a long time every day. C. Hiking is a sport that you can enjoy yourself most in spring. D. Hiking cannot be affected by weather. 61. What is the text mainly about? A. The popularity of hiking in the world today. B. The reasons why people go hiking. C. Hiking's benefits for health. D. Making your hiking plan before going outdoors. 62. Which of the following best shows the structure of the text?
C Just as the world‘s most respected scientific bodies have confirmed that the world is getting hotter, they have also stated that there is strong evidence that humans are driving the warming. Countless recent reports from the world‘s leading scientific bodies have said the same thing. For example, a 2010 summary of climate science by the Royal Society stated that: ―There is strong evidence that the warming of the Earth over the last half-century has been caused largely by human activity.‖ The idea that humans could change the planet‘s climate may be counter-intuitive, but the basic science is well understood. Each year, human activity causes billions of tons of greenhouse gases to be released into the atmosphere. As scientists have known for years, these gases hold heat that would otherwise escape to space, wrapping the planet in an invisible blanket. Of course, the planet‘s climate has always been changing thanks to ―natural‖ factors such as changes in solar or volcanic activity, or cycles relating the Earth‘s going around the sun. According to the scientific literature, however, the warming recorded to date matches the pattern of warming we would expect from a build-up of greenhouse gas in the atmosphere – not the warming we would expect from other possible causes.
Even if scientists did discover another reasonable explanation for the warming observed so far, that would beg a difficult question. As Robert Henson puts it in The Rough Guide to Climate Change, ―If some newly discovered factor can account for the climate change, then why aren‘t carbon dioxide and the other greenhouse gases producing the warming that basic physics tells us they should be?‖ The only way to prove with 100% certainty that humans are responsible for global warming would be to run an experiment with two identical Earths – one with human influence and one without. That obviously isn‘t possible, and so most scientists are careful not to state human influence as an absolute certainty. 63. In most scientists‘ opinion, the global warming is mainly caused by ________. A. solar activity B. volcanic activity C. the Earth‘s going around the sun D. human activity 64. The text is developed by ________. A. giving typical examples B. following the order of space C. analyzing a theory and arguing it D. comparing and finding differences 65. The underline word ―identical‖ means ________. A. totally different B. exactly the same C. extremely important D. relatively independent 66. Which of the following can be the best title? A. Are All the Scientists Really Scientific? B. Where Is Global Warming Leading Us to? C. Are Humans Definitely Causing Global Warming? D. What‘s Relation of Global Warming and Greenhouse Gases? D The future of agriculture must achieve several goals at the same time． First, it now appears that we will have to double world food production in the next 40 years due to population growth, increasing meat consumption and pressure from biofuels （生物燃料） . We will also have to reduce the environmental impacts from our farming practices, which have caused widespread damage to soils, ecosystems, waters and even the atmosphere. In fact, agriculture‘s impacts are as bad as climate change as an environmental concern. Besides, we will have to improve food security for the world‘s poor. While the Green Revolution of the 1960s made it possible to feed hundreds of millions more people than in earlier eras, the number of the under-nourished in the world has started to rise again. Finally, we will have to increase the recovering ability of agriculture from shocks. Today, our high-efficiency, globalized world has many benefits, but it is vulnerable （易受伤的） to destruction, whether from droughts, diseases or sudden price rises． We must start building better food systems to better keep us away from future shocks． Currently, there are two models of agriculture: local and organic agriculture vs. globalized and industrialized agriculture． Each has been strongly supported and severely criticized, but neither of these models, standing alone, can fully meet our needs． Organic agriculture teaches us important lessons about soils, nutrition and pest management. Unfortunately, organic food provides less than 1% of the world‘s calories, mostly to the wealthy. It is hard to imagine organic farming developing to feed 9 billion. Globalized and industrialized agriculture has benefits of high output and low labor demands. Without it, billions of people would have starved. However, it has come with enormous environmental and social costs, which cannot be sustained. Rather than voting for just one solution, we need a third way to solve the crisis. Let‘s take ideas from both sides, creating new, hybrid solutions that increase production, save resources and build a more sustainable agriculture． There are many promising avenues to pursue． A new ―third way‖ for agriculture is not only possible but also necessary. Our problems are huge, and they will require everyone at the table, working together toward solutions. 67．How many goals of agriculture are mentioned in the passage? A．Three B．Four C．Five D．Six
68． Which is true according to the passage? A．Organic agriculture can feed most people in the world now． B．Industrialized agriculture does no harm to our environment． C．Modern farming is criticized while organic farming is not． D．The future agriculture can‘t only depend on organic agriculture． 69． We can learn from the passage that _______． A．everyone can afford to enjoy organic food at will B．we will vote to decide which farming system to take C．the writer is quite optimistic about future agriculture D．only experts can find a better agricultural solution 70．What‘s the best title for the passage? A．Organic Agriculture Vs． Industrialized Agriculture． B．The Goals of Future Agriculture and Its Way Out． C．A Third Possible and Necessary Way for Agriculture． D．Modern Globalized and Industrialized Agriculture． D．To express his opinions about fishing in different time of the year.
非选择题（共 35 分）
第四部分 任务型阅读（共 10 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 10 分） Have you heard or read stories about people who are sick and have been healed by listening to music? Is it a miracle or a successful form of medicine? Can listening to music relieve pain? Around the world，music therapy(疗法) is being used to treat different medical conditions and illnesses. Some of the ways people use music therapy are to reduce pain，such as in childbirth or during cancer treatments，or to stimulate brain activity after an injury or money loss. Music therapy has also been successful in aiding children to overcome disabilities. Children can move their bodies with the music and stamp along to the beat. Why is music a useful therapy? Music is soothing and relaxing, but it also stimulates our brains. Emotionally and physically, we respond to the sounds of music. But the complexity of music(the different tempos，rhythms，melodies and harmonies) provokes(激发)the biggest response. Thus，classical music is most typically used for therapies due to complex sounds and patterns. Although rap or hip hop might be fun to listen to，it‘s unlikely that such styles of music would produce the same kind of therapeutic effect. Playing a musical instrument rather than simply listening to music can also be therapeutic for some people，helping relieve stress and anxiety. Have scientists been able to prove that music can heal disease? Music has been shown to reduce pain in cancer patients by increasing the release of endorphins(内啡肽). Endorphins are the body‘s natural painkillers，and when we listen to music，our brains respond by releasing these natural painkillers. It has also been known to contribute to the brain development of the babies who have just been born and even babies still in the mother‘s womb. Certain types of music have also been found to lower blood pressure and slow a person‘s heart rate. Many people are hopeful that music could replace the need for some medications(药物)that are normally used to treat certain illnesses. At present，music therapy is used in a variety of settings such as hospitals， rehabilitation centers，nursing homes，day cares，and schools. Although music therapy is not yet considered a mainstream treatment，it is recognized more and more as a useful addition to traditional treatment. So next time you are feeling low or stressed out，put on some relaxing music and let the music heal you. Title : Music That (71)__________ The (72) _______ to treat different medical to reduce pain of music therapy conditions and illnesses to (73) _______ brain activity to overcome(74) ________ . How does music Music is soothing and relaxing; it stimulates our brains; classical music is a(76) therapy (75) ___? _____due to its complex sounds and patterns. Playing a musical instrument is also useful in (77) ______ stress and anxiety. Scientific (78) ____ Music has been shown to reduce pain in cancer patients by increasing the release
of endorphins. It has also been known to contribute to the brain development of the newborn babies. Certain types of music have also been found to lower blood pressure and slow a person‘s heart rate. (79) ______ Music therapy is recognized as a useful (80) ___to traditional treatment. 第五部分 单词拼写（10 分） 1. The year 1949 w___________ the founding of the People‘s Republic of China. 2. Bank of China has ___________(分支) all over the country. 3. We drove two hours to attend the opening c______________ of the final festival. 4. He is always watching CCTV news broadcast on c________________ affairs. 5. Nowadays, many places have been developed into tourist a________________. 6.They put forward many ____________（信服的）arguments in the debate. 7.Come and see me when it is c______________ to you. 8.The police had to let him go because there wasn‘t enough _____ (证据)against him. 9.He didn‘t realize that he had c_______ an unforgivable mistake in the examination. 10.The book is i_____________ for children, but adults have shown great interest in it. 第六部分 书面表达： （15 分） 陈若琳， 1992 年 12 月 12 日生于江苏南通。 岁开始练习跳水。 4 她克服困难， 艰苦训练。 拼搏精神指引她成功，在 2012 年伦敦奥运会上获得两枚金牌。请你结合陈若琳的实例，并 根据以下提示，用英语写一篇短文，谈谈你对拼搏精神的看法。 1．激励我们直面困难； 拼搏精神的意义 2．竭力实现目标，走向成功； …… 1．要坚信人人都有获得成功的潜力； 如何培养拼搏精神 2．遇到挫折不气馁，从失败中学习； …… 注意：1．对所给要点逐一陈述，适当发挥，不要简单翻译； 2．词数 150 左右； 3．参考词汇：拼搏精神 determination 培养 cultivate 挫折 setback
1—20 CAACC CABAB CABCC CBBAC 21-25 AACBB 26-30 BCCBA 31-35 DDCCA 36-40 CDABC 41-45 BACAD 46-50 DCCBD 51-55 DBBCC 56-58 DCD 59-62 DBBA 63-66 DCBC 67-70 BDCB 71 Heals 72 uses／application 73 stimulate 74 disabilities 75 work 76 favorite／preference 77 relieving 78 proofs 79 Conclusion 80 addition 81. witnessed 82. branches 83. ceremony 84. current 85. attractions 86. convincing/persuasive 87.convenient 88.evidence 89.committed 90.intended One possible version: Born in Nantong, Jiangsu Province on December 12, 1992, Chen Ruolin took up diving at the age of four. Since then, she has been training hard and overcoming whatever difficulty. She won two gold medals at the 2012 London Olympic Games. It is her great determination that has led her to success. In my opinion, determination is very important in our lives. It encourages us to move forward, especially during our hard times. This quality enables us to face difficulty bravely and never run away from it. Thus we can stick to our goals and succeed eventually. It is not easy to cultivate determination. Above all, we must hold a belief that everyone has the potential to achieve success. We shouldn‘t be discouraged when faced with setbacks. Actually, failure can teach us a lot. What‘s more, there are quite a few people with this spirit around us. We can learn a lot from them.