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2015广东高考完形填空与答案


Ⅰ 语言知识及应用(共两节,满分 45 分) 第一节 完形填空(共 15 小题,每题 2 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从 1~15 所给的 A、B、C 和 D 项中,选出最佳选项, 并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 How long can human beings live? Most scientists who study old age think that the human body is __1_ to live no longer than 120 years. However, 110 years is probably the longest that anyone could hope to live — if he or she is _2__ healthy and lucky. Some scientists even say we can live as long as 130 years! Yet, our cells simply cannot continue to reproduce __3_. They wear out, and as a result, we get old and __4_ die. Even though we can’t live forever, we are living a _5__ life than ever before. In 1900, the average American life span(寿命)was only 47 years, but today it is 75 years! When does old age begin then? Sixty-five may be out-of-date as the _6__ line between middle age and old age. After all, many old people don’t begin to experience physical and mental __7_ until after age 75. People are living longer because more people __8_ childhood. Before modern medicine changed the laws of nature, many children die of common childhood _9__. Now that the chances of dying _10__ are much lower, the chances of living longer are much higher due to better diets and health care. On the whole, our population is getting older. The _11__ in our population will have lasting effects on our social development and our way of life. Some people fear such changes will be for the worse, while some see _12__, not disaster. Today, many men and women in their “golden years” are healthy and still active, and young in __13_ if not in age. As our society grows old, we need the __14_ of our older citizens. With long lives ahead of them, they need to _15__ active and be devoted. 1. A. designed B. selected C. improved D. discovered 2. A. completely B. generally C. apparently D. extremely 3. A. rapidly B. harmlessly C. endlessly D. separately 4. A. eventually B. hopelessly C. automatically D. desperately 5. A. busier B. longer C. richer D. happier 6. A. finishing B. guiding C. waiting D. dividing 7. A. stress B. damage C. decline D. failure 8. A. survive B. enjoy C. remember D. value 9. A. problems B. fears C. worries D. diseases 10. A. poor B. young C. sick D. quiet 11. A. changes B. recovery C. safety D. increases 12. A. dreams B. chances C. strengths D. choices 13. A. mind B. appearance C. voice D. movement 14. A. protection B. suggestions C. contributions D. permission 15. A. sound B. appear C. turn D. stay

答案: 本文讲述了人寿命的长短,人会随着年龄的增长而变老。但是与过去相比,由于生活条 件和健康护理的改善,人的寿命因此而变长。总体上看,这个现象也会导致我国老龄化,这 对社会发展和人们生活方式影响深远。 但部分人看法乐观, 老年人也可以在工作上做出贡献。 1. A 9. D 2. D 10. B 3. C 4. A 5. B 6. D 7.C 8. A 11. A 12. B 13. A 14. C 15. D


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