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新人教版必修一 Unit 3 Travel journal-Important Language Points[优秀教案]


Unit 3 Travel journal Period 2 Important Language Points? ? 整体设计

从容说课 This is the second teaching period of this unit. We first check the students’ homework and offer chances for the students to review what they learned during the first period. The emphasis in this period will be placed on the important new words, expressions and sentence patterns in the parts Warming up and Reading. In order to make the students understand these points thoroughly, we can first get the students to understand their meanings in the context, then give some explanations about them, later offer some practices to make the students master their usages. Some words and expressions, such as persuade, insist, care about, give in, are very useful and important. So is the sentence pattern “It is . . . that/who. . . ”. We ought to pay more attention to them and design special exercises. At the end of the class, the teacher can make the students do more exercises for consolidation. In doing so, they can learn, grasp and use these important language points well. 教学重点?1. Enable the students to grasp the usages of such important new words and expressions as persuade, insist, care about, give in, etc. 2. Get the students to master the usage of the pattern “It is. . . that/who. . . ” 教学难点?1. Let the students learn the usage of the word “insist”. 2. Enable the students to master the usage of the pattern “It is. . . that/who. . . ” and understand some difficult and long sentences. 教学方法?1. Discussing, summarizing and practicing 2. Cooperative learning 教具准备?The multimedia and other normal teaching tools Knowledge aims: 1. Get the students to learn and grasp some important new words and expressions:journal fare transport Vietnam finally cycle persuade stubborn insist proper properly determine determined altitude valley attitude change one’s mind care about give in 2. Get the students to learn some useful sentence patterns: 1)It was my sister who first had the idea to cycle along the Mekong River from where it begins to where it ends. (It is/was. . . who/that. . . ) 2)Although she didn’t know the best way of getting to places, she insisted that we find the source of the river and begin our journey there. (insist that sb. <should> do. . . ) 3)She gave me a determined look—the kind that said she wouldn’t change her mind. (the Attributive Clause) 4)Once she has made up her mind, nothing can change it. (Once. . . ) 5)It becomes rapids as it passes through deep valleys, traveling across western Yunnan Province. (the present participle used as adverbial) 6)As it enters Southeast Asia, it travels slowly through hills and low valleys, and the plains where rice grows. (the Attributive Clause) Ability aims: 1. Enable the students to use some useful words and expressions correctly. 2. Enable the students to make sentences after the useful sentence patterns.
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Emotional aims: 1. Stimulate the students’ interest in learning English. 2. Develop the students’ spirit of cooperation and teamwork. 教学过程 设计方案( 设计方案(一) →Step 1 Revision 1. Check the homework exercises. 2. Ask some students to tell something about Wang Kun and Wang Wei’s bike trip or the Mekong River. →Step 2 Reading and practice 1. Get the students to read the reading passage again to underline all the new words and useful expressions or collocations in the passage. Collocations:dream about, take a great bike trip, graduate from, get the chance to do sth. , cycle along the river, go for long bike rides, mountain bike, persuade sb. to do sth. , grow up, get sb. interested in sth. , the best way of getting to places, the source of the river, care about, give sb. a determined look, change one’s mind, at an altitude of, an interesting experience, make up one’s mind, give in, a large atlas with good maps, keep doing sth. , pass through, be surprised to do sth. , half of, at last, the South China Sea 2. Do the exercises in Discovering useful words and expressions on Page 20. →Step 3 Checking Explain the problems the students meet while checking the answers. →Step 4 Language Points 1. one-way fare single-way fare 单程票价 round-way fare 往返/双程票价 one-way ticket 单程票 round-way ticket 往返/双程票 2. dream about dream of 梦想,梦见(后接名词、代词或动名词) What a small world! I wouldn’t dream about/of meeting you here. 世界真小,想不到会在这儿遇见你。 The young soldier sometimes dreams about/of his hometown. 这名年轻的士兵有时会梦到自己的家乡。 3. persuade vt. to cause to do something by reasoning, arguing, begging, etc. 说服;劝服 Try to persuade him to let us go with him. 尽量说服他让我们和他一起去。 Nothing would persuade him. 什么也说服不了他。 He persuaded her to go to school, even though she did not want to. 尽管她不想去上学,他还是说服她去了。 1)persuade sb. into/out of sth. /doing sth. to cause sb. (not)to do sth. by arguing or reasoning 说服或劝说某人(不)做某事 Wang Kun couldn’t persuade his sister into changing her mind. 王昆说服不了他姐姐改变主意。 The old man finally persuaded the little boy out of stealing. 老人最终说服小男孩不偷东西了。
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2)persuade sb. +that clause to cause sb. to believe sth. ; convince sb. 使某人信服 How can I persuade you that I am telling the truth? 我怎样才能使你相信我说的是实话呢? advise&persuade: advise vt. to tell (somebody)what one thinks should be done; give advice to somebody 建议; 忠告 I advised waiting until the proper time. 我建议等到适当的时候。 I advised her that she should wait. 我建议她应该等下去。 He will advise you what to do. 他会建议你们怎么办。 The doctor advised me to take more exercise. 医生嘱咐我多加锻炼。 Note:“说而不服或说而无果”应该使用 advise sb. to do sth. /try to persuade sb. to do sth. 。 I advised/tried to persuade her not to go out alone at night, but she didn’t listen to me. 我劝她晚上不要一个人出去,但她不听我的。 I had advised/tried to persuade him not to stay up late, but he still didn’t go to bed until midnight. 我劝他不要熬到太晚,但是他仍旧到午夜才去睡觉。 4. insist vi. & vt. to demand (sth. )forcefully, not accepting a refusal 坚持或坚决要求 Since he insisted, I had to stay. 既然他坚持,我只好留了下来。 I insist on your being there. 我坚持要你在那里。 Mary insisted that she was right. 玛丽坚持说她是对的。 We all insist that we (should)not rest until we finish the work. 我们大家都坚决要求不完工就不休息。 1)insist on (upon)sth. /doing sth. to require or demand (the specified thing); refuse to accept an alternative 一定要(某事物) ,坚决主张 She insists on getting up early and playing her radio loud. 她老是一大早起来把收音机音量开得很大。 She decided to insist upon the itinerary that would include Thailand instead of just going to China. 她决定坚持包括泰国在内的路线而不是只去中国。 2)insist+that clause The man insisted that he didn’t steal anything and he (should)be set free at once. 那个男子坚持说他没有偷东西,应该立刻被释放。 He insisted that he______________ really very tired and that he______________ to have a rest. A. was; be allowed B. was; must be allowed C. should be; must be allowed
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D. should be; be allowed 答案: 答案:A 5. care about to be worried (about), concerned (with)or interested (in)忧虑;关心;惦念 Don’t you care about anybody? 你难道谁也不关心吗? I don’t much care about going to the party. 我不太想去参加晚会。 1)care for sth. /care to do sth. to be willing or agree to do sth. ; wish or like to do sth. 愿意或 同意做某事;希望或喜欢做某事,多用于否定句或疑问句,尤与 would 连用。 My wife doesn’t really care for tea; she likes coffee better. 我妻子其实不喜欢喝茶,她喜欢喝咖啡。 Would you care to visit us this weekend? 你愿意本周末来我们这儿玩玩吗? I couldn’t care for him to join the club, because he is sort of mischievous. 我不愿让他参加俱乐部,因为他有几分淘气。 2)care for sb. (1)to like or love sb. 喜欢或爱某人 She cares for him very much. 她非常喜欢他。 (2)to look after sb. ; to take care of sb. ; to be responsible for sb. 照看某人;照顾某人;对 某人负责 Uncle Dick is very good at caring for sick animals. 狄克大叔照管生病的动物很在行。 Who will care for your child if you are out? 如果你外出了,谁来照顾你的孩子? 6. determine vt. & vi. 1)to decide 决定;确定 The size of your feet determines the size of your shoes. 脚的尺寸决定着鞋子的大小。 Let’s determine a date for the class meeting. 咱们来定一下开班会的日期吧。 His future has not been determined, but he may study physics. 他将来何去何从尚未决定,但有可能学医。 2)cause to decide 使(某人)决定 What determined you to accept the offer? 什么原因使你接受此项提议? The news determined him against further delay. 此消息使他决定不再拖延。 determine on/upon (doing)sth. =make up one’s mind to do sth. determine to do sth. determine+clause determine+what/where/. . . + to do; be determined to do sth. He determined on going to collage. =He was determined to go to collage.
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他决心上大学。 We determined on an early start. =We determined to start early. 我们决定早开始。 He firmly determined to learn Greek. 他下决心学习希腊文。 Have you determined where you are going to spend your holidays? =Have you determined where to spend your holidays? 你已决定将到何处度假了吗? determined adj. determination n. 7. change one’s mind to form a new and different intention, opinion, or desire 改变主意 Once he has made up his mind, nothing can be done to change his mind. 他一旦下定决心,什么也改变不了他的主意。 Note:change one’s mind 和 make up one’s mind 中的 mind 是可数名词,意思是“想法;主 意”,单复数随 one’s 变化。 Once we have made up our minds, nothing can be done to change our minds. 我们一旦下定决心,什么也改变不了我们的主意。 8. give in v. adv. (to) 1)to yield 屈服;投降;让步 He would die than give in. 他宁死不屈。 Don’t give in to him/his opinion. 不要向他屈服。 The mother gave in and bought a toy for her child. 妈妈做出让步,给孩子买了个玩具。 2)to deliver; hand in 宣布;上交 Give in your examination papers (to your teacher) when you’ve finished. 做完后把试卷交上。 give in & give up: give up 放弃 give up sth. /doing sth. 放弃某物;停止做某事 Don’t give up. You still have chances to win in the match. 不要放弃,你还有机会赢得这场比赛。 All the girls swam across the lake except 2, who gave up halfway. 除了两个中途放弃外,所有女孩都游过湖去。 The doctor told him to give up sugar and smoking. 医生叫他戒糖戒烟。 give about 散布;传播 give away 泄露;赠送;放弃 give back 归还;送回 give off 发出(气味、光、热、声音等) give out 用完;用尽;发出(光、热、气体、声音) (1)He didn’t______________ the enemy even______________ torture. A. give in; under B. give in to; below
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C. give up; over D. give in to; under (2)Don’t mention that at the beginning of the story, or it may______________ the shocking ending. A. give away B. give out? C. give up D. give off 答案: 答案:(1)D (2)A 9. honor 1)vt. to show sb. respect for sb. /sth. ; give public praise and distinction to sb. 向某人或某事 物致敬;表扬某人;给某人荣誉 I feel highly honored by your trust. 我得到您的信任,感到十分荣幸。 Will you honor me with a visit? 如蒙造访则荣幸之至。 Teachers are honored by all in this country. 在这个国度里教师受到所有人的尊重。 2)n. source of pride and pleasure; privilege; reputation for greatness, good behaviour, truthfulness; great respect; high public reward 光荣;荣幸;荣誉;名誉;信誉;崇敬;敬意 It is a great honor to be invited. 承蒙邀请,十分荣幸。 The athletes competed for the honor of their country. 运动员们为了祖国的荣誉而相互竞争。 They stood in silence as a mark of honor to her. 他们肃立向她致敬。 add honor to 为……增添荣誉 do honor to 向……表示敬意 in honor of 为纪念…… on one’s honor 以名誉担保 be honored with 给……荣誉 have the honor of doing 向……表示敬意 (1)I feel highly______________ the kind things you say about me. A. honored for?B. honor for?C. honored by?D. honor by (2)Washington, a state in the United States, was named______________ one of the greatest American president. A. in honor of?B. instead of?C. in case of?D. in need of 答案: 答案:(1)C (2)A →Step 5 Sentence focus 1. It was my sister who first had the idea to cycle along the Mekong River from where it begins to where it ends. 这是一个复合句,主句“It was my sister who first had the idea. . . ”是强调句型, 强调的是句子的主语 my sister;where it begins 和 where it ends 都是宾语从句,分 别作介词 from 和 to 的宾语。整个句子可以翻译成“首先想到要沿湄公河从源头
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到终点骑自行车旅游的就是我的姐姐。” 这里需要注意的是,强调句型可以用来强调除谓语以外的任何成分,如果被 强调部分是表示人的名词或代词,可用 that,也可以用 who,其他情况下一律用 that。 It was I who/that saw Mary in the street this afternoon. (强调主语) It was Mary that/whom I saw in the street this afternoon. (强调宾语) It was in the street that I saw Mary this afternoon. (强调地点状语) It was this afternoon that I saw Mary in the street. (强调时间状语) 下面几点供老师参考去延伸讲解: 1)强调句的一般疑问句 Was it your brother that/whom you met at McDonald? (强调宾语) Is it Tom that has borrowed your money recently? (强调主语) 2)强调句的特殊疑问句 Where was it that you saw her mobile phone yesterday? (强调地点状语) How is it that you will go to visit her tomorrow? (强调方式状语) 3)强调从句 It was because it was raining hard that I came home late. (强调状语从句) It was what you said that really made us excited. (强调主语从句) 4)not until 结构的强调 It was not until it stopped that we got off the bus.(注意: 强调该结构时 not until 不能分开) 5)强调时间状语和地点状语时与定语从句的区别 It was in 1921 that our Party was founded. (强调句) It was 1921 when our Party was founded. (定语从句) It was on the farm that we practiced planting crops. (强调句) It was the farm where we learned a lot. (定语从句) 表示时间或地点的名词前有介词时, 一般为强调句型; 前面没有介词时, 多为定语从句。 但应注意,有些表示时间的名词或短语在作状语时本身不需要加介词,也应视为强调句型。 It was yesterday/last week that we chatted a lot on line. 昨天/上周我们在网上聊了许多。 It was not until she got home______________ Jennifer realized she had lost her keys. A. when? B. that? C. where? D. before 答案: 答案:B 2. Although she didn’t know the best way of getting to places, she insisted that we find the source of the river and begin our journey there. 这里的 Although she didn’t know the best way of getting to places 是让步状语 从句;that we find the source of the river and begin our journey there 是宾语从句, 用的是虚拟语气。整个句子可以翻译成“尽管她对到某些地方的最佳路线并不清 楚,她却坚持我们要找到河的源头,并从那里开始我们的行程。” 动词 insist 在表示“坚持某人应该……”时,后面的宾语从句应该使用虚 拟语气,即 should+动词原形或省略 should 直接用动词原形。 They insisted that he (should)be present at the ceremony. 他们坚持认为他应该出席庆典仪式。 Mother insisted that a girl (should)not go out alone at night. 妈妈坚持认为女孩子不应该晚上一个人出去。
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3. She gave me a determined look—the kind that said she wouldn’t change her mind. 这里的 the kind 是 a look 的同位语, said she wouldn’t change her mind 是 that 引导的 that 定语从句。determined 在句中的意思是“坚决的,坚定的”;say 的意思是“指明,表明”。整 个句子可以翻译成“她给了我一个坚定的眼神——这种眼神表明她是不会改变主意的”。 She is a very determined woman who always gets what she wants. 她是一名意志非常坚定的妇女,总是会得到她想要的东西。 The clock on the wall said a quarter to ten. 墙上的钟表明差一刻十点。 4. Once she has made up her mind, nothing can change it. 这里的 Once she has made up her mind 是状语从句,相当于 When she has made up her mind。once 在这里用作连词,表示 as soon as 一旦;一……就……。整个句子可以翻译成“她 一旦下了决心,什么也不能使她改变。” Once you understand the rule, you will have no difficulty. 一旦明白了这条规则,你就再也没有困难了。 What will we do once the money is used up? 钱一旦用完,我们该怎么办? Once printed, this dictionary will be very popular! 一旦出版,这本词典将会非常畅销! once adv. 1)(for)one time 一次 2)at some time in the past 一度;曾经 3)all at once:suddenly 突然 Once a year, a race is held for old cars. 每年举行一次旧式小汽车比赛。 It once seemed inconceivable to everyone that men should travel to the moon. 人们一度认为,人飞上月球似乎是不可想象的。 All at once the door opened. 门突然开了。 ______________ environmental damage is done, it takes many years for the ecosystem (生 态系统)to recover. A. Even if? B. If only? C. While? D. Once 答案: 答案:D 5. It becomes rapids as it passes through deep valleys, traveling across western Yunnan Province. 这里的 as it passes through deep valleys 是时间状语从句,traveling across western Yunnan Province 是现在分词作伴随状语,整个句子可以翻译成“它穿过深谷时就变成了激流,流经 云南西部。” They came to the street, looking for the lost dog. 他们来到街上,寻找丢失的狗。 The boys and girls went to school, singing and dancing all the way. 孩子们走在上学的路上,载歌载舞。 through&across: through 和 across 都有“经过”“穿过”的意思,但二者又有区别。through 是指在物体内部 穿过,它的含义和 in 有关;across 是指在物体表面上经过,它的含义和 on 有关。
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We walked through the market to the truck park. 我们穿过市场来到了卡车停车场。 They walked across the playground and disappeared in the dark. 他们穿过操场,消失在黑暗中。 →Step 6 Consolidation Test for important language points. Show the following on the screen. Translate the following sentences. 1. 去北京的单程火车票价是多少? 2. 我怎么才能使你相信我的诚实? 3. 他坚定的表情告诉我们,谁都无法改变他的想法。 4. 妈妈坚持说我累了,应该在 10:00 前上床睡觉。 5. 小英雄刘胡兰宁死不屈。 6. It was only when I reread these poems recently that I began to appreciate their beauty. 7. Was it Tom who helped you with your homework? 8. The old man died, leaving his wife and children a lot of money. 9. Once you talk to her, you’ll know she is a warm-hearted person. 10. His advice determined me to delay no more. Several minutes later, check the answers with the whole class. Deal with any problems students meet if necessary. Suggested answers: 1. What’s the one-way train fare to Beijing? 2. How can I persuade you that I am honest/of my honesty? 3. His determined look told us that no one could make him change his mind at all. 4. Mother insisted that I was tired and that I should go to bed before 10:00 o’clock. 5. The little heroine, Liu Hulan would rather die than give in. 6. 我是最近重读这些诗时,才欣赏到它们的美。 7. 是汤姆帮你完成家庭作业的吗? 8. 老人过世了,留给他妻子和孩子们一大笔钱。 9. 一旦你和她谈谈,你就知道她是一个热心人。 10. 他的劝告使我决定不再拖延。 →Step 7 Workbook Do the exercises in Using words and expressions on Page 56. →Step 8 Homework 1. Finish off the Workbook exercises. Write down Exercise 3 in the exercise book. 2. Learn the new words and expressions by heart. 设计方案( 设计方案(二) →Step 1 Revision 1. Check the homework exercises. 2. Ask some students to tell something about Wang Kun and Wang Wei’s bike trip or the Mekong River. →Step 2 Reading and practice 1. Get the students to read the reading passage again to underline all the new words and useful expressions or collocations in the passage. 2. Do the exercises in Discovering useful words and expressions on Page 20.
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→Step 3 Checking Deal with the problems the students meet while checking the answers. →Step 4 Language Points Explain and practice some important new words and expressions. →Step 5 Sentence focus Analyze some difficult long sentences and practice some important language points in them. →Step 6 Consolidation Test for important language points. →Step 7 Workbook Do the exercises in Using words and expressions on Page 56. →Step 8 Homework 1. Finish off the Workbook exercises. Write down Exercise 3 in the exercise book. 2. Learn the new words and expressions by heart. 板书设计 Unit 3 Travel journal Important Language Points
Words and expressions persuade Usages persuade sb. into/out of sth. /doing sth. persuade sb. +that clause insist insist on (upon)sth. /doing sth. insist+that clause Examples Wang Kun couldn’t persuade his sister into changing her mind. How can I persuade you that I am telling the truth? She insists on getting up early and playing her radio loud. We all insist that we (should)not rest until we finish the work. The man insisted that he didn’t steal anything and he (should)be set free at once. ...

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活动与探究 Check yourself out of class by filling in the chart to see how you have grasped the important points you have learned. If the number of “no” you tick reaches 2, you’d better go over the notes and study harder.
Questions Can you read the new words? Can you spell the new words? Can you make sentences using the new words? Can you learn the phrases in Warming up and Reading by heart? Can you make sentences using these phrases? Can you remember the patterns in Warming up and Reading? Can you make sentences using these patterns? Yes No

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