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2013届高考英语一轮复习精讲精练学案必修2


【新课标人教版】全国通用) ( 2013 届高考英语一轮复习精讲精练学案必修 2 Unit 1 Cultural relics Ⅰ.重点单词聚焦 1.The________(设计) could be improved by adding an extra flower or leaving out a leaf. 答案: design 2.In fact,most of the Great Wall that we visited was rebuilt in the Ming________(朝代). 答案: Dynasty

3.Her brother bought her a________(贵重的) watch as a birthday present. 答案: valuable 4.Unfortunately,no one________(幸存) after the plane went down in flames. 答案: survived 5.When the first atomic bomb________(爆炸),the whole world was shocked. 答案: exploded 6.After a long________(辩论),they finally reached an agreement. 答案: debate 7.We must________(挑选) the best players to play for the school team. 答案: select 8.On arriving at the hotel,I approached the________(接待) desk to check in. 答案: reception

9.After graduation,my sister worked as a nurse in a________(当地的) hospital. 答案: local 10.He proved himself innocent by providing a lot of________(证据). 答案: evidence Ⅱ.重点短语扫描 1.in 2.in 3. 4.at 5. 6. than part to of 寻找 作为报答;回报 属于 处于交战状态 少于 拆开

7. 8.care search return belong war less take think about 9. 10.do 11.be rather with designed

highly of

看重;器重,评价高 关心;在乎

than 处理 for

而不是

为……设计

Ⅲ.课文原句突破 1. 普鲁士国王腓特烈· 威廉一世绝不可能想到他送给俄罗斯人民的厚礼竟会有这样一段令人 惊奇的历史。 Frederick William Ⅰ,the King of Prussia,________ ________ ________ ________that his greatest gift to the Russian people would have such an amazing history. 答案: could never have imagined 2.这是在两国交战的时期。 This was a________ ________the two countries were at war. 答案: time when 3. 毫无疑问这些箱子后来被装上火车运往哥尼斯堡, 当时它是波罗的海边的一个德国城市。 ________ ________ ________ ________ ________the boxes were then put on a train for K?nigsberg,which was at that time a German city on the Baltic Sea. 答案: There is no doubt that 4.从那以后,琥珀屋的去处便成了一个谜。

After that,what happened to the Amber Room ________a ________. 答案: remains;mystery

5.在审判中,一位法官必须断定哪些证人的话可以相信,哪些不可以相信。 In a trial,a judge must decide which eyewitnesses to believe and________ ________ ________ ________. 答案: which not to believe survive vt.比……活得长;(经过……)活(保存)下来;vi.活下来;幸存;残留 教材原句 P1:Is it enough to have survived for a long time? 只是幸存的时间长就足够了吗?

①Of the six people injured in the crash,only two survived. 在这次撞车事故受伤的六人中,只有两人活了下来。 ②Some strange customs have survived from earlier times. 有些奇怪的风俗是从早年流传下来的。 ③The company managed to survive the crisis. 公司设法度过了危机。 巧学助记: was the only survivor that survived the accident, he didn’t survive long, He but and even didn’t survive his father. 他是幸免于事故的惟一幸存者,但他活得不长,甚至没活过他的父亲。 1.Since then,people all over China tried their best to help those who________the Wenchuan Earthquake rebuild their home. A.escaped C.survived B.survival D.saved

解析: 本题考查 survive 的基本用法;兼考查词性。survive 幸存。escape 为“逃跑”,其后 接介词 from 才能跟宾语。survival 为名词,不能用作动词。 答案: C 2.完成句子 After the traffic accident,______________________(没人幸存) except a few people who were badly injured. 答案: no one survived

design n.图样;设计;vt.设计;计划;构思 教材原句 P1:The design of the room was in the fancy style popular in those days.房间的设计 是当时流行的风格。

①Looking forward to receiving your creative designs! 期待收到大家有创意的设计! ②We have designed all our bank cards to make your life easier. 我们设计的所有银行卡都可以让你的生活更加便捷。 ③These exercises are designed to develop and strengthen muscles.这些练习是为了增加肌肉 力量而设计的。 ④This house is designed for a large family. 这所房子适合大家庭居住。 3.完成句子 (1)碰巧——不知是偶然还是有意安排——其他人走后,只剩下他们两个人。 It happened—whether ______________________________—that the two of them were left alone after all the others had gone. (2)这个实验的目的是想测试这种新药品。 The experiment ______________________________the new drug. 答案: (1)by accident or design (2)is designed to test

worth prep.值得的;相当于……的价值;n.价值;作用;adj.[古]值钱的 教材原句 P2:Is it worth rebuilding lost cultural relics such as the Amber Room or Yuan Ming Yuan in Beijing? 是否值得重建像琥珀屋或北京圆明园这样的文化遗产?

①Although we take an hour a day for exercise,it is well worth it.虽然我们每天都要锻炼一小 时,但一切都是值得的。 ②The Christmas present I gave her the other day is worth 200 dollars.几天前我给她的生日礼 物值 200 美元。 ③This article is well worth reading,but it is not worthy of being translated/to be translated.这 篇文章很值得一读,但不值得翻译。

4.—What do you think of the film Slumdog Millionaire? —Very wonderful.It is well worth________. A.seeing C.to see B.being seen D.to be seen

解析: 考查 worth 的用法。worth 常用于结构 be (well) worth doing 中,这里的 doing 是 主动形式表达被动含义。 答案: A 5.(2010· 湖北卷)Mistakes don’t just happen;they occur for a reason.Find out the reason,and then making the mistake becomes________. A.favourable C.essential 解析: B.precious D.worthwhile

句意为:错误不单单是偶然发生的,它们的发生是有原因的,找出原因,那么犯

的错误也就有意义了。A 项“有利的”;B 项“宝贵的”;C 项“必要的,重要的”;D 项“值得的”。 答案: D

prove vt.证明;证实;linkv.证明是;结果是 教材原句 P5: example, can be proved that China has more people than any other country For it in the world. 例如,据证明中国比世界上任何国家的人口都多。

①These documents will prove that we are telling the truth. 这些文件可以证明我们讲的都是事实。 ②Time would prove me (to be) right. 时间会证明我是对的。 ③As time went on,Einstein’s theory proved (to be) correct. 随着时间的推移,爱因斯坦的理论被证实是正确的。 6.完成句子 The news that Mr Smith was going to buy that factory____________________(被证明是虚假 的) in the end. 答案: proved to be false in search of 寻找

教材原句 P1:IN SEARCH OF THE AMBER ROOM 寻找琥珀屋

①He moved to the United States in search of a better life. 他移居美国寻求更好的生活。 ②Visitors are regularly searched as they enter the building. 参观者在进入大楼时要接受例行的搜身检查。 ③Scientists are in search of a cure for the disease. 科学家在寻找治疗这种疾病的方法。 ④We seached every room for the missing papers. 为了丢失的文件,我们搜查了每一个房间。 7.It was reported that eight policemen were sent to the forest________the missing girl. A.in need of C.in charge of B.in search of D.in time of

解析: 依据句意,选 B 项。in search of the missing girl=to search for the missing girl。 答案: B 8.(2011· 甘肃天水一中期末)Many Chinese universities provide scholarships for the students ________ financial aid. A.in favour of C.in search of B.in honour of D.in need of

解析: 句意为:很多中国大学为那些需要经济资助的大学生提供奖学金。in favour of 赞 同,支持,有利于;in honour of 向……表示敬意;in search of 寻找;in need of 需要。 答案: D

belong to 属于;归属;为……的一员(无被动语态和进行时态) 教材原句 P2:However,the next King of Prussia,Frederick William Ⅰ,to whom the amber room belonged,decided not to keep it. 然而,下一位普鲁士国王,腓特烈· 威廉一世,这个琥珀屋的主人却决定不要它了。 ①These books belong to Tom,so I must give them back to him. 这些书是汤姆的,因此我必须还给他。 ②China is a country belonging to the Third World. 中国是一个属于第三世界的国家。

③The future belongs to you,young men. 年轻人,未来是属于你们的。 ④Put it back where it belongs after you have read it. 读完后,请你把它放回原处。 9.(重庆高考)Professor Williams keeps telling his students that the future________to the well-educated. A.belongs C.is belonging 解析: B.is belonged D.will be belonged

句意为:威廉姆斯教授一直告诫他的学生们说未来是属于受过良好教育的人的。

belong to 属于,此词组在使用时要注意,不能用进行时态,也不能用被动语态。 答案: A in return 作为报答;作为交换,常和介词 for 连用 教材原句 P2:In return,the Czar sent him a troop of his best soldiers.作为回报,沙皇送给他 一队自己最好的士兵。 ①He has given me so much help that I really want to do something for him in return. 他给了我那么多帮助,我真心想为他做些什么作为回报。 ②I invited him to dinner in return for his kindness. 为了报答他的好心,我宴请了他。 in turn 依次;逐个地;转而;反过来 ③Theory is based on practice and in turn serves practice. 理论以实践为基础,反过来又为实践服务。 ④The students answered the teacher’s questions in turn. 学生们依次回答老师的问题。 10.(湖北高考)People try to avoid public transportation delays by using their own cars,and this________creates further problem. A.in short C.in doubt B.in case D.in turn

解析: 本题考查短语意思辨析。in short 意为“总之,简言之”;in case 意为“假使,免得, 以防万一”;in doubt 意为“感到怀疑,被怀疑的”;in turn 意为“反过来,依次,轮流”。根 据句意要求应选 D。

答案:

D

11.I greeted the teacher with “hello”,and the teacher gave me a sweet smile________. A.by turns C.in turn B.in return D.for return

解析: in return 作为交换,符合本句句意。 答案: B think highly of 看重;器重 教材原句 P7:I think highly of those who are searching for the Amber Room.我很看重那些为 寻找琥珀屋而努力的人们。 think well/much of...认为……好;对……评价高 think ill/poorly/not much/little of... 认为……不好;对……评价不高 think nothing of 不把……当回事;对……等闲视之 ①We think highly of their research in this field. 我们高度赞扬他们在这一领域的研究。 ②I don’t think highly of him because he often lies. 我对他评价不高,因为他经常撒谎。 ③I didn’t think much of your plan.我认为你的计划不怎么样。 ④Pop music is well thought of by most young people. 大多数年轻人对流行音乐很赞赏。 12.He was ________ by his colleagues though he himself didn’t think he had done anything special. A.thought little of C.highly thought of B.thought poorly D.thought highly

解析: 考查短语 think highly/little of。B、D 项结构错误。句意为:尽管他认为自己没有 做特别的事情,但是他还是受到同事们的高度赞扬。 答案: C There is no doubt that the boxes were then put on a train for K?nigsberg,at that time a German city on the Baltic Sea.毫无疑问,这些箱子后来被装上火车运往哥尼斯堡,当时它是 波罗的海海边的一个德国城市。

(1)There’s no doubt that...毫无疑问……,该句是固定句式,当 doubt 前有否定词时,其后用 that 引起同位语从句;当 doubt 前无否定词时,即主句为肯定句时,后面用 whether 引起 从句。注意不可以用 if 替换 whether。 (2)doubt vt.后接名词、代词或宾语从句。在否定句和疑问句中,doubt 后面接 that 引导的宾 语从句;在肯定句中,doubt 后面一般接 whether 或 if 引导的宾语从句。 ①There is no doubt that our experiment will succeed. =There is no doubt about the success of our experiment. 毫无疑问,我们的实验会成功的。 ②There is some doubt whether he can win the first prize. 他是否能赢得一等奖还有些疑问。 ③I doubt whether/if the new one will be any better. 我不敢断定这个新的是否会好些。 ④I don’t doubt that Chinese diet is the healthiest in the world. 我相信中国的饮食是世界上最健康的饮食。

⑤There is no need for you to get up early tomorrow. 明天你不必早起。 ⑥There is now no possibility (that) she will make a full recovery. 现在看来她要完全康复是不可能的了。 ⑦It’s no wonder/No wonder (that) you’re tired,you’ve been working for hours.难怪你累了, 你工作了好几个小时了。 13.—It’s great that Jane is coming to attend our English evening. —I never doubted________she would come. A.whether C.that B.if D.why

解析: 考查 doubt 的用法。在否定句和疑问句中,doubt 后一般接 that 引导的宾语从句。 在肯定句中,doubt 后一般接 whether 或 if 引导的宾语从句。 答案: C 14.Some researchers believe that there is no doubt________a cure for AIDS will be found. A.which B.that

C.what

D.whether

解析: 句意为“一些研究者相信一定可以找到治疗艾滋病的方法”。 答案: B 15.There is still some doubt________the autumn sports meeting will be held in our school, but there is no doubt________it will be held soon after our National Day holiday. A.that;that C.that;whether B.whether;whether D.whether;that

解析: 前半句的 some 表明人们对此表示怀疑, 后面的从句用 whether 连接(whether 从句 为同位语从句),there is no doubt 后用 that 连接一个同位语从句。 答案: D

16.________for us to discuss the problem again.It has already been settled. A.It has no doubt B.There has no doubt C.It is no need D.There is no need 解析: There is no need to do sth.用不着做某事,后半句的 already settled 提供了暗示。 答案: D

In a trial,a judge must decide which eyewitness to believe and which not to believe. 在审讯中,法官必须判断哪个证人可信哪个证人不可信。 该句为“疑问词+不定式”结构, 在句中作宾语。 whether, what, which, whom, who, where, when,how 等加不定式构成的结构在句中起名词作用,可以作主语、表语和宾语。 ①When to go on an outing hasn’t been decided. 何时去郊游还没有决定。 ②No one could tell me where to get the interesting book. 没有人能告诉我哪儿能买到这本有趣的书。 ③My question is what to do next. 我的问题是下一步怎么办。 ④I don’t know how to do it next. 我不知道下一步该怎么办。 17.It’s dark and little Anne can’t find her way home.She really doesn’t know________.

A.when to leave C.whether to do

B.what to do D.which to choose

解析: 句意为:天黑了,小安妮找不到回家的路,她不知道怎么办。本题考查“疑问词+ 不定式”作宾语,句中 what to do 相当于 what she will do。 答案: B Ⅰ.完成句子 1.As a child,he liked ________________________(拆卸机器). 答案: taking machines apart 2. research team surveyed more than 2,000 people ______________________(寻找) a final The answer. 答案: in search of 3.Some of the stamps______________(属于) me,while the rest are his. 答案: belong to 4.He is always helping people without expecting anything________________(回报). 答案: in return 5.In 1920 Poland and Russia were still________________(交战). 答案: at war

6.I know my dear brother doesn’t________________________(对……评价) me,but I still love him. 答案: think highly of Ⅱ.巧思妙解 1.(2009· 四川卷)Ladies and gentlemen,please remain________until the plane has come to a complete stop. A.seated C.to seat B.seating D.seat

解析: 句意为:女士们,先生们,请在飞机完全停下来之后,再离开座位。remain 仍然 是; 保持不变, 在这里是一个连系动词。 seat vt.用法: seat oneself; seat 2 people; be/remain seated 保持坐着的状态,seated 是由过去分词变来的形容词,作 remain 的表语,表状态。 答案: A 2.(2009· 安徽卷)________a certain doubt among the people as to the practical value of the

project. A.It has C.It remains B.They have D.There remains

解析: 句意为:关于那个工程的实用价值,人们还是心存某种疑虑。There remains...之后 省略了 to be,意为“仍然有……”。 答案: D

3.(浙江高考)It remains________whether Jim’ll be fit enough to play in the finals. A.seen C.seeing B.to be seen D.to see

解析: 考查动词辨析。remain to be done 有待于……,因为 it 是动作的承受者,所以用了 动词不定式的被动语态。 答案: B 4. (辽宁高考)It was already past midnight and only three young men________in the tea house. A.left C.delayed B.remained D.deserted

解析: 句意为:早已过了半夜,仅有 3 位年轻人还留在茶房。remain 作系动词可跟名词、 介词短语、现在分词、过去分词、不定式的被动式作表语。 答案: B 5.—Why do you look sad? —There are so many problems________. A.remaining to settle C.remaining to be settled B.remained settling D.remained to be settled

解析: 考查现在分词及不定式的用法。由语意可知,settle 在句中表示将要发生的动作, 它的逻辑主语是动作的承受者, 用不定式的被动语态作动词 remain 的宾语; remaining to be settled 为分词短语作定语修饰名词 problems,它与所修饰的名词之间为主动关系。 答案: C Ⅲ.语法专练 本单元语法——定语从句(Ⅲ) 1. (2011· 河北保定调研)Barack Obama delivered a speech to 500 local youths during his visit to China,many of________were from Fudan University and Tongji University.

A.them C.which

B.whom D.those

解析: 考查非限制性定语从句。 从语意可知从句的先行词是 youths, 因此应该选择 whom。 若选 A 应在 many of 前面加 and。 答案: B 2.(2010· 四川绵阳诊断)The officials have indicated that a new building will be built in 2010________can house another 1,000 students. A.when C.which B.what D.where

解析: 考查定语从句。该句的先行词是 a new building,关系词在从句中作主语,因此选 关系代词 which。 答案: C 3.(2010· 河北保定调研)The motorcycle competition in the desert,________lasted ten days, is over now. A.where C.that B.it D.which

解析: 考查定语从句。句中包含一个非限制性定语从句,the motorcycle competition 为先 行词,关系词在定语从句中作主语,因此选 which。A 项作状语,C 项 that 不能在非限制性 定语从句中使用。 答案: D

4.(2010· 成都毕业班诊断)The prices of houses,________is often reported,have been going up sharply in the past few months. A.which C.as 解析: B.it D.what as 引导定语从句,它的位置比较灵活,常译为“正如……”。句意为:正如报道的那

样,房价在最近几个月涨得很快。 答案: C 5. (2011· 江南五校联考)We have gathered nearly 100,000 quilts, ________up to half have gone to the flooded-hit areas. A.of which B.in which

C.with which

D.for which

解析: 考查“介词+关系代词”引导的定语从句。句意为:我们收集了将近十万床被子,其 中有半数以上送到了水灾地区。介词 of+which 表示整体中的一部分,符合题意。 答案: A


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