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《金版新学案》英语课件(北师大版):必修一+Unit+2 Heroes++单元知识整合ppt


一、一般过去时
1.表示过去某时间发生的事、存在的状态或过去反复发生的动作。 He saw Mr Wang yesterday.昨天他见到了王先生。 He worked in a factory in 1986.

一九八六年他在一家工厂上班。

2.表示过去经常发生的动作,也可用“used to”和“would+动词原形”。 I used to smoke.我过去抽烟。 During the vacation I would swim in the sea.

假期里我常去海里游泳。
used to表示过去常发生而现在不再发生的动作或存在的状态。 另外“be used to+名词(动名词)”,表示“习惯于??”。 I am used to the climate here.我习惯了这里的气候。 He is used to swimming in winter.他习惯了冬季游泳。

二、过去进行时
1.过去进行时表示过去某一时刻、某一阶段正进行的动作。由“was

(were)+现在分词”构成。
In 1980 he was studying in a university. 一九八○年他正在读大学。 He was reading a novel when I came in. 我进来时他正在看小说。 2.表示故事发生的背景。 It was getting dark.The wind was rising. 天渐渐暗下来,风势增强了。 The wind was blowing and it was raining cats and dogs. 风在怒吼,天正下着倾盆大雨。

3.过去进行时表示预计的、安排的将来的动作。 He said he was visiting me this evening. 他说他今晚来看我。 Nobody knew whether they were coming.

没人知道他们会不会来。
4.过去进行时动词常与always,continually,frequently等词连用,表示过 去经常发生的行为,往往带有感情色彩。 I was always losing my keys.我老是掉钥匙。 He was continually asking questions.他老是提问题。 They were frequently quarrelling.他们老是吵架。

三、现在完成时
现在完成时由“have+过去分词”构成。其使用有两种情况: 1.现在完成时所表示的动作在说话之前已完成,而对现在有影响,句中没有 具体的时间状语。 He has gone to Fuzhou.他去福州了。(说话人认为他不在原地。) He has been to Fuzhou.他去过福州。(说话人认为他在原地。) 2.现在完成时表示的动作开始于过去,持续到现在,也许还会持续下去。常 用for和since表示一段时间的状语或so far,now,today,this week (month,year)等表示包括现在时间在内的状语。 He has studied English for 5 years.

He has studied English since 1985.
Now I have finished the work.

表示短暂时间动作的词,如:come,go,die,marry,buy等 的完成时不能与for,since等表示一段时间的词连用。 3.现在完成时还可用在时间和条件状语从句中,表示将来某时完成的动 作。 I’ll go to your home when I have finished my homework. If it has stopped snowing in the morning,we’ll go to the park.

现在完成时与一般过去时的区别: (1)侧重点不同 现在完成时是与现在有关的时态,属现在时态范畴,它侧重于过去的动作 对现在所造成的影响。而一般过去时是一种过去时态,侧重于表示过去的 动作,与现在无关。

Yesterday I went to the zoo.
昨天我去了动物园。(仅说明昨天去了动物园,与现在无关) Li Lei has read the book.

李雷已看过那本书。(说明李雷了解那本书的内容)

(2)连用的时间状语不同 与现在完成时连用的时间状语有:already,yet,still,just,so far,in the last (past)...,before,ever,never,since...,for...等。与一般过去时 连用的时间状语有:...ago,yesterday,last...,in 2000,just now等。 另外,现在完成时不可与yesterday,last week,two days ago等过去时间 状语连用。 Have you ever picked flowers or stepped on the grass in a park? 你曾在公园里摘过花或踩过草地吗? Father bought that watch ten years ago. 爸爸十年前买的那块手表。 I have never seen the film before.我以前从没看过这部影片。

1.The man________his wallet on the way back home.
A.loses C.is losing 【答案】 B B.lost D.was lost

2.A big earthquake happened when the kids________a birthday party. A.are holding C.held 【答案】 B B.were holding D.hold

3.He has been in a wandering life________he lost his job. A.After B.from

C.since
【答案】 C

D.by

4.Susan decided not to work on the program at home because she didn’t want her parents to know what she________. A.has done C.was doing B.had done D.is doing

【解析】

主要考查进行时的用法。根据句意“苏姗不愿让她父母知

道她正在做的事情”,知该空应填进行时态;又根据时态一致的原 则,应用过去进行时,所以选C项。

【答案】 C

5.He was hoping to go abroad but his parents________that they won’t
support him unless he can borrow money from the bank. A.were deciding C.decided 【解析】 B.have decided D.will decided

时态考查题。这是个由but连接的并列句。but后是个含

宾语从句的复合句。从宾语从句的谓语won’t support知主句的时 态不可能是过去时或过去进行时,排除A、C,也不会是将来时, 排除D,而只能是现在完成时。 【答案】 B

6.Shelly________California for Texas in 1996 and________there ever since. A.left;worked C.left;has worked B.has left;had worked D.has left;worked

【答案】 C
7.—What happened to the postman? —I don’t know.He________around here for a long time. A.hasn’t seen C.wasn’t seen 【解析】 B.didn’t see D.hasn’t been seen

for a long time是完成时态的时间状语,邮递员应该是“被

看见”,所以要用现在完成时的被动语态。 【答案】 D

8.In the past ten years,there________great changes in our hometown. A.has been B.are

C.have been
【解析】

D.were

in the past ten years常与现在完成时连用,根据changes判断谓

语动词用复数。

【答案】 C
9.—Where________the recorder?I can’t see it anywhere. —I________it right here.But now it’s gone. A.did you put;have put C.had you put;was putting 【解析】 B.have you put;put D.were you putting;put

第一空用现在完成时强调过去发生的事情对现在的影响;第二

空用一般过去时陈述过去的事实。 【答案】 B

10.—Do you know our town at all? —No,this is the first time I________here. A.Was C.came 【解析】 B.have been D.am coming 在句型It/This is the first time+(that)从句中,从句应使用

现在完成时。
【答案】 B

类 别 1.violent 3. useless 5.
brilliant

本单元需要掌握的内容要点 adj.暴力的 2. awful adj.(口)极度的,糟糕的
keen

令人惊异的 adj.无用的,无效的 4.amazing adj.

adj.卓越的,辉煌的 6.
自信的 Olympic
peacefully

adj.热心的,渴

望的 generous
7.confident adj. 就自己而言 8. 9.
afterwards absolutely

fortunately adj.奥运会的 dead 不平常的

adj.慷慨的,大方的 10.

adv.和平地,

explore found 单 平静地 词 11.personally compete promote 12. adv.

adv.幸

运地

类 别 21. react 23.
admire
flight

本单元需要掌握的内容要点 vi.反应 divorce 22.
soar

vi.离婚
.gravity

vt.钦佩,羡慕 24.

vi.高飞,翱翔

25.character n.飞行,航班astronaut 26.
27. reporter 29.
helicopter rocket

n.地心引力
n.宇航员 n.大

n.人物;性格 atmosphere 28. n.记者,通讯员 30.
event superman injury n.直升机 32. 关系 revolution

单 气,气氛 athlete 词 31. disaster

n.革命

33.
35.

n.火箭 34.

badminton

n.竞赛;事件
n.超人

n.运动员 36.

1.stay
calm 宙飞船

保持镇静
province Nations opinion

2.
manned millions found

spaceship载人宇

3.Shandong
人 in

山东省

4.

of people数百万

equal

doing 5.the United

on 联合国
commit

6.
off

a republic建立共

和国 through
on

7. far one’s 等 at 短 strict 9.give up 语 自地 11.pull

依某人观点 8.be medal
with

to与??平

放弃做?? 10.

onefor ’s own单独地,独

渡过难关 12.

suicide自杀

应用文——书 信

英文书信一般分为商业信函(Business Letters)和私人书信 (Personal Letters)两种,而高考书面表达一般都是要求写私人书信。 它包括五部分,即信头、称呼、正文、结束语和签名,具体如下:

1.信头:寄信人的地址和写信日期,写在信的右上角。注意英语中 地名的写法与中文不同,要从小到大;日期的写法也与中文不同,不是 写在签名之下,而是写在寄信人的地址之下。习惯上人们采用美式英语 表达,即月、日、年,月,日与年之间用逗号隔开,月份尽量不要缩写, 如June 8,2009;而英式英语表达则为日、月、年,中间不用逗号隔开, 如8 June 2009。 2.称呼:自成一行,顶格写。称呼语常用:Dear Sir/Madam/Manager/Editor/friends/Bob,称呼之后一般用逗号。

3.正文:信件的主体部分即为信的正文。正文写在称呼的下 一行,与Dear后第一个单词对齐。正文通常包括三部分,即开头、 目的和结尾。正文的开头语常用:Thank you for your last letter asking about...;I’m glad to...。正文的结尾语是正文的一部分,

常常另起一行,常用的结尾语有:I’m looking forward to your
reply;Thanks and all the best;Best wishes;Wishing you a pleasant journey。

4.结束语:结束语与正文的结尾语不一样,它要写在结尾语的下一行, 位于书信的右下角,后面用逗号。常用的结束语有:Yours sincerely/faithfully/truly;Sincerely/Truly yours;Yours等。

5.签名:签名写在结束语的下一行,与结束语对齐,也就是签上写信
人的名字。

一封正规的私人书信格式如下: Dear David, I’ve learned it from the Internet that you want to make a Chinese

friend so as to learn the Chinese language and culture.
______________________________________________________________

I’m looking forward to your reply. Yours sincerely, Li Hua

假设你是李华,你的英国笔友Bob将于九月到你所在城市的建新华文学校 学中文,来信请你在学校附近为他找一套住房。请根据图画提供的信息,

写信介绍住房的情况,并告知住房面积为25平方米,月租500元。

注意:1.词数:100左右;

2.参考词汇:房租rent (n.)。

这是一篇看图作文,要求以书信的形式介绍写作内容,题目中没有 开头和结尾,因而需要考生自己写出一篇完整的书信。写作要点如下:

1.回顾对方上次来信所提之事;
2.租房的内部结构:卧室及其设备、浴室、厨房; 3.面积、房租; 4.租房所处地理位置:靠近芳草街,下一站为建新华文学校,乘11 路公共汽车可到达; 5.书信的基本格式。

Dear Bob, I’m so glad to learn that you’re coming in September.I’ve found a place for you. It’s a small flat of 25 square metres, with a bedroom, a bathroom and a kitchen.In the bedroom there is a bed,a sofa,a desk and a chair.The rent is 500 yuan per month.The flat is in a building on Fangcao Street,which is

from Jianxin Chinese School.Bus No.11 can take you straight to the
school.In fact,it is only one stop. Do you think you’d like it?If not,I can try and find another place for

you.Just let me know.

Your,
Li Hua

假设你是李华,最近国内一家英文报纸正在讨论北京动物园是否应迁出 市区。以下是你所在班级讨论的情况。请你给该报写一封信,反映讨论结果。

赞成迁出 1.游客多,交通堵塞 2.郊区环境好

反对迁出 1.建于1906年,中外闻名 2.搬迁易造成动物死亡

注意:1.词数:100左右,信的开头和结尾已为你写好; 2.可根据内容要点适当增加细节,以使行文连贯; 3.参考词汇:郊区suburb。

June 3,2010
Dear Editor, Recently,our class have had a heated discussion about whether the Beijing Zoo should be moved out of the city. _________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ Yours truly,

Li Hua

【参考答案】 June 3,2010 Dear Editor, Recently,our class have had a heated discussion about whether the Beijing

Zoo should be moved out of the city.
Some of my classmates are in favor of the move.They say large crowds of tourists to the zoo will result in traffic jams.They also say that once moved, animals will have more space and better living conditions in the suburbs.However,other students are against the idea,saying that the Beijing Zoo,built in 1906,has a history of more than 100 years,and is well-known at home and abroad.So it should remain where it is.

What’s more,moving may cause the death of some animals.To move or
not,this is a big decision which has to be made by people in Beijing. Yours truly, Li Hua

Sun shines brightly

You can hardly miss a song by Stefanie Sun whenever you enter a karaoke room or turn on your music player.The Singaporean girl,who looks so cute when she laughs,has

an unmovable place in many fan’s
hearts with her unique voice.

That’s why she took the Most popular Female award in the TVB8 Music Awards held in Hong Kong on December 3.“My Love”,a bit song from her album last year,“Stefanie”,also won of the Top 10 Best Songs at the event. After a one-year break from showbiz (娱乐圈),the 27-year-old is

back now with many surprises for her fans,including four wins at the
Singapore Hit Awards in November.In the past two months,she has toured China to promote her new album “A Perfect Day”.“A perfect Day”is

the Taiwan-based singer’s ninth album in her five years in the music
industry.Different from her usual melancholic (忧郁的) piano ballad style, it is mainly a collection of fast and happy pop songs.

“Although there is really no such thing as a perfect day,the album is mainly about those events that lead someone to have what they believe is a

perfect day,” Sun said.
So what is a perfect day for Sun herself? “What I want is a big house,where my parents and I can live together happily.I want to take a walk with my pet dog in the daytime and daydream a little when I am free,” Sun said. That is Sun,simple,optimistic and relaxed.She sticks to her “Yanzi” style and always expresses herself through her music.

【问题导入】

金曲天后孙燕姿自然唱出完美心情,风靡一时,令人羡

慕。深受中学生的欢迎。她是中学生心目中的英雄吗?中学生又是怎样看
其他明星的呢? A student from a junior middle school:I think Sun is a studious (勤学的)

and optimistic (乐观的) person!I like her because of her beautiful voice,good
character and sweet smile.When she was five,her father suggested she learn something as a hobby and she chose the piano.She worked hard to become a singer and succeeded.There is a picture of her in my bedroom.Her experience encourages me a lot;when I am tired of studying,her sweet smile tells me that nothing is difficult if you try your best.She is a kind of her oine in my mind.

A student from a senior middle school:Sun has an extraordinary personality (个性) and her voice give me a cool feeling.The most impressive thing about her is when she worked on her album‘Leave’.She had

shoot her MTV video on an icy mountain in New Zealand,running against
the freezing wind with few clothes on.There is one minute she thought she would die of cold.But she survived and realized that nothing could conquer her.The power of nature made her understand the stress of work was little compares with that experience.It’s inspiring.

A director for CCTV:I think they should be considered as heroes or heroines such as Stefanie.It took great efforts and pains for them to be successful as singers.An old Chinese saying goes that one minute’s wonderful performance on the stage is the result of ten years’practice.They must be strong-minded and hard-working.On the other hand,because of their

wonderful performance on the stage and charming manners,they have
thousands upon thousands of fans.What’s more,they bring great pleasure and happiness to people and enrich their life.At the same time,they also make

their contribution to society by paying tax money to the government.

A reporter from a local newspaper:They shouldn’t be regarded

as heroes and heroines.On the one hand,they don’t have to face any
difficulty and danger.They live an easy and rich life.They can earn a lot of money without making great efforts.On the other hand,they don’t make great contribution to the society.Instead,they gain too much from the society,such as fame,high social status,high income and respect.Compared with the heroes losing their lives in time of war, they are not at all heroes or heroines. My view:

完形填空应试技巧
□ 1.通读全文抓主题
主题就是文章的中心,全文都要围绕它来 展开并进行铺述。抓住了主题,就等于牵住了 牛的鼻子,整篇文章就在你的掌握之中了。

文章一般按照总→分→总”的思路来写,首先提出主题,接着对 主题进行分析、叙述、解释或说明,最后进行归纳总结,得出结论或 提出建议。因此,一般来说,只要根据文章的首句及每一段的首句就 能抓住文章的主题。 但是,主题句不总是文章的首句,有时在篇中,有时也可能在篇 尾。因此,一方面要快速通读全文,另一方面要注意连接词,如but, however,yet,though,therefore,otherwise等,它们的前面一句或后 面一句就可能是主题句。

□ 2.顺藤摸瓜找细节
细节是文章的血肉,没有细节的文章就显得苍白无力。然而 细节并不是胡乱堆积起来的,而是按照一定的规律有序地排列 的。在阅读过程中,考生应顺着作者的思路将文章的细节一个 一个地串起来。

□ 3.上下联系求理解 句与句之间总是有内在联系的。它们可能是条件、原因、

结果、让步的关系,也可能是时间的先后、相互比较的关系,
还可能是独立的并列关系。考生在理解句子时,应根据具体的 语言环境来进行,否则,所谓的理解只能是胡猜乱想。

□ 4.紧扣关键猜词义
阅读中碰到生词很正常,母语如此,英语尤甚。考试中不能查字典、 翻资料,怎么办?词不离句,句不离篇。猜测词义就要紧扣其所在的语 境,紧扣语境中的关键词。它们是我们猜测词义的依据。 □ 5.根据逻辑行推理 逻辑是作者行文的方式,主要包括并列、转折、条件、因果、递进、 让步等。句与句之间,有的通过连接词来表达,关系非常明显;有的隐 含其中,关系比较隐晦。这就要求考生有一双火眼金睛,拨开迷雾,准 确推理。

□ 6.综合全文作判断 文章是作者思想的反映,不管作者的观点有多么隐蔽,文章的 字里行间无不显现作者的思想灵魂。考生必须学会透过表面信息去

抓文章的本质,判断作者的态度、目的或意图。

Grow Flowers in His Heart

在心里种花

我相信每一朵花都是有眼睛的,它一定能看到盲人
的善良和他崇高的灵魂。盲人种花,把花种在了心里,虽然看不到花 开的美丽,但是,我想他一定能听到花开的声音。

On the outskirts of a town in England nestles a nice cottage with a large
garden where there lives an old and aged man.The old man is seen pruning, watering or fertilizing his flowers all the time.The garden where bees and

butterflies dance and gorgeous flowers mass all year around is so
well-tended that every passer-by cannot but halt for a glance.

One day a young painter went by the old man’s garden.He gazed at the splendid garden and the special cottage and totally lost in admiration at the

beauty of these sceneries,picturing how happy he could be if he lived in such
a beautiful place.Then,suddenly he found the old gardener was blind.Shocked, the painter approached that old man,asking “why are you busy tending these flowers every day which you can’t see as a matter of fact?” The blind gardener smiled an answer that ,

“I can tell you four reasons.First,I was a gardener when I was young, and I really like this job.Second,although I can’t see these flowers,yet I can touch them.Third,I can smell the sweetness of them.As to the last one,that’s you.” “Me?But you don’t know me.” responded the painter perplexed still.“Yeah,it’s true that I don’t know you.But I know flowers are earthly angels which everyone knows and would never turn them down.I know many a person who shows animation in life would stop by and the beauty of my garden

will get them into a good mood.In the meantime,it also extends a chance to me
to have a word with you here and to enjoy the happiness these flowers have brought us.” The old man’s words astounded me a great deal with pleasure.The blind man grows flowers and serves them as a link of minds so as to make everybody enjoy the glorious sunshine in spring.

I believe every flower has eyes with which they can see the kindness of the old man’s heart and the sweetness of his soul.The blind man grows flowers in his heart.Failing the sight of the beauty of blossoming,he surely can hear the voice of it,I suppose.

Notes:
outskirts n.市郊 prune v.修剪 gorgeous adj.非常美丽的 perplexed adj.困惑的 animation n.生气,活跃 astounded v.使震惊,

在英国一座小镇的郊外,有一个别致的小屋,屋子里住着一位老人,他 有一个很大的花园。人们每天都能看到他在园子里忙忙碌碌,修剪枝叶,

浇水施肥,把花园侍弄得非常好,一年四季,蜂飞蝶舞,姹紫嫣红,引得
不少人在此驻足流连。 有一天,一位年轻的画家路过这里,他非常欣赏地看着这个美丽的花园 和别致的小屋,完全沉醉在这片美景中,心想要是自己住在这样一个美丽 的地方该有多么的幸福。这时他看到了那位老园丁,突然间他发现,老园 丁是位盲人。这让画家感到十分意外,于是他走近老园丁,不解地问:“ 你每天都在不知疲倦地忙碌,而你事实上却看不见这些美丽的花朵,这是 为了什么?”盲人笑了,他说:“我可以告诉你4个理由:第一,我年轻的 时候是个园丁,我确实热爱园艺工作;第二,我的眼睛虽然看不见,但我 有手啊!

我可以抚摸我的花;第三,我住在花园里,可以闻见它们的芬芳;至于 第4个原因嘛,则是因为你。”“我?但是,你不认识我呀?”画家有些惊 奇。老人接着说:“是的,我是不认识你,但我知道花是人间仙子,所有 人都认识花,都不会拒绝花的邀请。我知道不少像你这样热爱生活的人在 此经过,都会因为看到我花园的美丽而驻足,从而心情愉快。我也因此有 机会和你在这里聊天,一起分享花带来的快乐。”老人的话让我的心为之 一颤。盲人种花,以花为媒,架起人们心灵间的桥梁,让人们共同享受春 天明媚的阳光。 我相信每一朵花都是有眼睛的,它一定能看到盲人的善良和他崇高的灵 魂。盲人种花,把花种在了心里,虽然看不到花开的美丽,但是,我猜想

他一定能听到花开的声音。

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