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2014高考英语短文改错、书面表达一轮训练(8)


2014 高考英语短文改错、书面表达一轮训练(8)附参考范文
短文改错 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文, 请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。 文中共 有 10 处语言错误,每句中最多有两处,每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧ ,并在其下面写出该加的词。 ) 删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。 修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意:1. 每处错误及其修改均限一词; 2. 只允许修改 10 处,多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。 Dear Li Mei, With the mid-term exam come, you must get prepared for them. I think that you need is a right study method. What we all know, there are three stage in study—preview, study in class and review, among which review was the most important. You should first make a review plan, then stick on it. I follow my review plan strictly and have made a progress in my study. It turns out to be good enough. Of course, there are more than one way to review. So long as you review regular, I’m sure you can find more ways to study well. If you have any question about subjects, ask me I’ll be glad to help you. We may meet in our school library every Friday afternoon. Yours, Li Hua 答案解析******短文改错 Dear Li Mei, With the mid-term exam come, you must get prepared for them. I think that coming it what

you need is a right study method. What we all know, there are three stage in As stages

study—preview, study in class and review, among which review was the most is important. You should first make a review plan, then stick on it. I follow my review

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plan strictly and have made a progress in my study. It turns out to be good enough. Of course, there are more than one way to review. So long as you review regular , I’m is sure you can find more ways to study well. If you have any question about subjects, ask me ∧ I’ll be glad to help you. We and may meet in our school library every Friday afternoon. Yours, Li Hua ************************************************************结束 (201*· 绵阳诊断) Tom is a little boy, but he is only seven years old. One day he1.________ went to the cinema. It was the first time for him to do that. He2.________ bought a ticket and then went out. But after two or three minutes3.________ he came out and bought the second ticket and went in again. After a4.________ few minutes he comes out again and bought a third ticket. Two5.________ or three minutes later he came out and asked another ticket.6.________ Then the girl in the ticket office who asked him, “Why do you7.________ buy so many ticket? How many friends do you meet?” Tom8.________ answered, ”No, I have not friends here. But a big boy always 9.________ stops me at the door and tear my ticket to pieces.”10.________ 答案与解析: 1.but 改为 and 依据语境,这里前后句之间是并列关系而不是转折关系。 2.√ 3.out 改为 in 依据语境,男孩买票走进电影院。 regularly

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4.the 改为 a 下文 bought a third ticket 有暗示。序数词前用不定冠词,表示“再一, 又一” 。 5.comes 改为 came 结合行文逻辑,这里应用一般过去时。男孩进去又出来了。 6.asked 后加 for ask for sth.表示“要求得到??” 。 7.去掉 who 这里不是定语从句,假如是定语从句,原句缺少主句。 8.ticket 改为 tickets so many 后接复数名词。 9.not 改为 no not 是副词,不能修饰名词,应改为 no。

10. 改为 tears 这里 stop 和 tear 是并列谓语动词, tear 要用第三人称单数的一般现在 时。 ************************************************************结束 作文(***) 每年高三学生在高考结束后都会有一个近三个月的假期。 对于如何度过这个假期, 某报 社近期进行了一次问卷调查,其结果如下表所示。请根据表格中提示的内容,写一篇 100 词左右的短文,简要陈述学生的意向,并说明你自己的观点。 比例 45% 28% 15% 12% 意向 在家充分休息 学习英语,为上大学做准备 到外地旅游 其他

注意:为使行文连贯,可适当增加细节。 _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ One possible version: Recently a survey has been conducted among the students in Grade Three about what they will do during the 3-month holiday after the College Entrance Exam. Students have different decisions. About 45%of the surveyed students intend to rest at home.They want to relax thoroughly and get ready for college life. While 28%of them prefer to attend ErIglish classes for their future use.Meanwhile,15%of them choose to travel outside and the rest l2%say that they’ like to do other things. d After all. it's really difficult

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to get such a long holiday again after tlley enter the college. Personally,1 will be a little sad if I get away from my dearest parents and relatives,so I’d like to stay at home and spend more time witlI my families. **************************************************************结束

【例题解析】
一.错词 1.动词错误: (1) 时态和语态、主谓一致的错误。 【1】整体时态: *Then I ask him ―Grandma, how come you have so much lines on your hand‖ 全文为故事,故 ask 改为 asked。 *High over the water, they discover a hole in the balloon.The hole became bigger and bigger. 全篇使用过去时态,故改 discover- -discovered 【2】主谓一致 *Having fun with their friends make them happy. 动名词短语做主语,谓语动词用单数形式 makes。 *But the most wonderful thing about jack were his musical ability。 主语为 the most wonderful thing 故此,系词为 was *But not all information are good to society. 主语不可数,所以动词用 is。 (2.)动词错误: *In American big cities, thousands sell tickets to watch football or basketball games.(buy) 根据句子意思,数千人买票去看比赛。故 sell 改为 buy。 (3)非谓语动词 【1】动名词错误 *I am looking forward to see all of you again in the near future.(seeing) 解析:to 为介词,故此 see 改为 seeing * Not only play football makes us grow up tall and strong but also gives us a sense of fair play and team spirit. 解析:主语应为动名词,故 play football 改为 playing football

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【2】现在分词 *The air keeps the balloon up was escaping quickly and the balloon was coming down. 解析:分词做定语,故 keeps 改为 keeping *I found a small house standing in a field with a light shone from the sitting room. 解析:with a light shone 改为 with a light shining。a light 和 shining 为主动关系。 【3】不定式 *I just want to thank you for helping me becoming a different person.(become) 解析:help sb do sth 故改 becoming 为 become *He did not want share things with others. 解析:want to share sth. want 后可跟不定式做宾语。 【4】过去分词 *I have some records giving to me as birthday gifts. 解析:have sth done, some records 和 give 是被动关系,故改为 given。 2.连词错误: *I came into the living room and saw one of them just go through the kitchen door but turn on the light. 解析:根据句意, “我看到他们中的一个人走进厨房,并且打开灯。 ”两个分句子之间是并 列关系。故改 but 为 and *We would return at night to hear that he`d picked up from the radio in the day. 解析:考查宾语从句,pick up 缺宾语,故改 that 为 what *The classes helped me understand what the world works 解析:根据句子意思, “这些课程有助于我了解世界是怎么运转的”故改 what 为 how。 *He was silent for a moment. So he answered slowly: ―Each of these lines stands for a trouble‖ 解析:根据句子意思,So 改为 Then/And 3.形容词/副词错用: *You always gave me specially attention. 解析:名词应该被形容词 special 修饰。 *It is real a good chance to have met all of you here. 解析:副词 really 修饰系词,故改 real 为 really。 *My hometown has taken on a new look.How great it has changed !

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解析:great 修饰动词,故改为:greatly 4.冠词错误: *This is my first visit to a American family.(an) 解析:American 第一个音标的音素是元音,故用 an. *Each player must obey captain, who is the leader of the team. 解析:有定语修饰,the 特指 captain. *Suddenly, I caught a sight of my English teacher in the crowd. 解析:固定搭配 catch sight of.故此去掉冠词 a。 5.代词错误: 【1】反身代词 *I just smiled to me and thought, … 解析:主语和宾语相同,故此 me—myself 。 【2】形容词性物主代词 *Besides, the foreign teachers here work hard and try his best to make the activities lively and interesting.(his --their) 解析:主语是第三人称复数,因此 try one`s best 【3】it/that/them /us *I thought that was dull to watch a game in which players kicked a ball to each other. 解析:that 不可以做形式主语,故改为 it。 *It was about noon when we arrived at the foot of the mountain.The three of them were very excited.前后人称错误。故此改 them 为 us. 6.名词单复数和名词的所有格的错误 *She marked strictly on student`s performance.(students`) 解析:根据句意,学生们的表演,故改为 students` performance *Physics is one of the most difficult subject for us (subjects ) 解析:one of 说明后面为复数形式。 *We practice three times every week and often watch football match on TV together. 解析:常常看比赛,故此 match 改为 matches. * I have no papers to write on. 解析:纸不可数,所以改为 paper

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7.介词错误 *He left Shanghai at a cold night. 解析:一天的部分被修饰时,介词用 on, *I am a new comer of a small town. 解析:根据句子意思,来自一个小镇 come from a small town. * I was caught by the rain last night 解析:固定短语 be caught in the rain 遇上雨。 8.语意错误 *Thousands sell tickets to watch football or basketball games. 解析:句子意思:数千人卖掉票去看足球或者篮球比赛。故此错误,sell—buy *Not all people like to work and everyone like to play. 解析:句子意思:并非所有的人都喜欢工作,并且所有的人喜欢玩。语意错误,应该为转 折关系,and—but 。 ****************************************************************结束

3. 结尾 From what has been discussed above (Taking into account all these factors / Judging from all evidence offered), we may safely draw (reach / come to / arrive at) the conclusion that? All the evidence (analysis) supports (justifies / confirms / warrants / points to) a(n) unshakable (unmistakable / sound / just) conclusion that ? It is high time that we place (lay / put) great ( special / considerable) emphasis on the improvement (development / increase / promotion) of? It is high time that we put an end to the deep-seated (unhealthy / undesirable / deplorable) situation (tendency / phenomenon) of?

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We must look (search / all / cry) for an immediate action (method / measure), because the present (current) situation (phenomenon / tendency / state / attitude) of ?, if permitted (allowed) to continue (proceed), will surely (certainly) lead to (result in) the end (destruction / heavy cost) of? There is no easy (immediate / effective) solution ( approach / answer / remedy) to the problem of ?, but ? might be useful (helpful / beneficial). No easy method (solution / recipe / remedy) can be at hand (found / guaranteed) to solve (resolve / tackle) the problem of ?, but the common (general / public) recognition of (realization of / awareness of / commitment to) the necessity (importance / significance) of ? might be the first step towards change (on the right way / in the right direction). Following these methods (suggestions) may not guarantee the success in (solution to)?, but the pay-off will be worth the effort. Obviously (Clearly / No doubt), if we ignore (are blind to) the problem, there is every chance that? Unless there is a common realization of (general commitment to)?, it is very likely (the chances are good) that? There is little doubt (no denying) that serous (special / adequate / immediate /further) attention must be called (paid / devoted) to the problem of ? It is necessary (essential / fundamental) that effective (quick / proper) action (steps /measures / remedies) should be taken to prevent (correct / check / end / fight) the situation (tendency / phenomenon).

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It is hoped (suggested / recommended) that great (continuous / persistent / sustained / corporate) efforts should be make to control (check / halt / promote) the growth (increase / rise) of ? It is hoped that great efforts should be directed to (expended on / focused on) finding (developing / improving)? It remains to be seen whether?, but the prospect (outlook) is not quite encouraging (that rosy). Anyhow, wider (more) education (publicity) should be given to the possible (potential / grave / serious / pernicious) consequences (effects) of? To reverse (check / control) the trend (tendency) is not a light task (an easy job), and it requires (demands / involves / entails) a different state of main towards (attitude towards / outlook on)? For these reasons, I strongly recommend that? For the reasons given above, I feel that?
**********************************************************结束 Passage *** Dear Mr. Brown, I am writing to thank you with your kind help. 1______ Before you came to teach us, I had not interest in 2______ English.My pronunciation was terribly.I could 3_____ only speak a few words.But one and a half year later, 4_____ I now think English fun to learn.I got a lot from your encouraging words.I will always remember what you said, “If you try to, you can be No 1 !”I hope you`ve 5____ 6.____ 7____

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had pleasant journey home and will come to china

8_____

again sometimes in the future.I will write again 9_____ and send you the photos we take together 10______ KEY 3 1.with—for 5. is 2.not—no 3 terribly—terrible 8a 10 take –took 4. years—years

6. Right 7. /to

9 sometimes—sometime

*************************************************************结束

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