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译林英语8BUnit


Unit 5

Good Manners

Objectives ? To learn to use the following structures properly and correctly:

enough to
too … to

Look at the following sentences.

1. It is not very big, but there are enough snacks in it.(七上Unit 7) 2. There is always more than enough food there. (七下Unit 1) 3. Soon Alice was small enough to go through the door. (七下Unit 6)

4. …but she was too small to reach the key. (七下Unit 6) 5. He was brave enough to save his neighbour from a fire. (七下Unit 7) 6. As a result, the birds do not have enough food to eat. (八上Unit 6) 7. There was not enough space for Timmy to pull himself through. (八上 Unit 8)

8. You’re old enough to learn about manners now, Hobo. (P64) 9. You are never too old to learn. (P64) 10. If you are in their way, British people will be polite enough to wait till you move. (P67)

to test your sense of observation to test your ability of short-term memory to test your ability to highlight the language points

Guess

Fill in the blanks.
1. It is not very big, but there are ______ enough ______ snacks (snack) in it. enough 2. There is always more than _______ food ______(food) there. was _______ small _______ enough 3. Soon Alice ______ _____ to ______ go (small, go) through the door. 4. …but she was ______ too small ______ to reach the key.

5. He _____ ______ ______ was ______ brave enough to ______ save (brave, save) his neighbour from a fire. 6. As a result, the birds do not have enough _______ food (food) to eat. _______ 7. There was not _______ enough ______ space (space) for Timmy to pull himself through.

8. You _____ are ______ old ______ enough _____ to learn (old, learn) about manners now, ______ Hobo. 9. You are never ______ too old ______ to learn. 10. If you are in their way, British be ______ polite _______ enough people will _____ ______ to ______ wait (polite, wait) till you move.

1. The little girl is too short to reach the orange on the table.(同义句转换) tall enough The little girl isn’t ______ ______ to reach the orange on the table. 2. Lin Dan played badminton very well. He won the Thomas Cup again.(合并为 一句) enough Lin Dan played badminton well _______ to win the Thomas Cup again. ______

以上我们已经通过归纳总结和练习
对本课的语法内容有了一定的了解,

下面就让我们根据之前练习的考察
情况进一步选择讲解该语法项的重

难点。

可以用“to be + adjective + enough + to do”的结构来描述一个人的品质和能力。 如: He is tall enough to reach the basket. 他个头高,可以够到篮筐。 The girl is not brave enough to go near the dog. 这个女孩胆子不够大,不敢靠近那只狗。

Ⅰ. enough作定语,意为“足够的, 充分的”,位于名词之前。 I have enough money for the book. 我有足够的钱买这本书。 You have enough time to do it. 你有足够的时间来做这件事。

Ⅱ. enough作状语,意为“充足地,充 分地”,修饰形容词或副词,放在形容 词或副词之后。 That coat is dear enough. 那件大衣很贵。 Is this good enough? 这个够好吗? Ⅲ. enough作表语,意为“足够的”。 Six bottles should be enough. 六瓶应该够了。

Suzy’s Suzyfriends wants to tell her parents what she thinks about her friends. Help her make sentences using “to be + adjective + enough + toinfinitive”.

his friends/ kind/ any time/ help Daniel is kind _________________ enough to help his _________________ friends any time. _________________

Daniel

Millie

listen/ patient/ when others speak/ carefully _____________________ Millie is patient enough to _____________________ listen carefully.

around her/ careful/ small changes/ notice Sandy

______________________ Sandy is careful enough ______________________ to notice small changes ______________________ around her.

generous/ with others/ her things/ share Kitty is generous enough ______________________ to share her things with ______________________ others. ______________________ Kitty

queue/ polite/ in public Simon Simon is polite __________________ enough to queue in __________________ public. ______________

make everyone laugh/ funny/ after class _____________________ Amy is fuuny enough to _____________________ make everyone laugh ____________________ after class. Amy

可以用“to be + too + adjective + to do” 的结构来表达一个否定的结果。如: He is too tired to go on working. 他太累了,不能继续工作。 British people are too polite to laugh loudly in public. 英国人太有礼貌了,不会在公共场合 大声笑。

可以在不定式前加介词for引出逻辑主 语。如: The box is very heavy. The little boy cannot to carry. = The box is too heavy for the little boy to carry. The apple is very high. The child cannot reach it. = The apple is too high for the child to reach.

注意:
Ⅰ. too…to结构和never一起使用是并不 表示否定。如: One is never too old to learn. 活到老,学到老。 Ⅱ. “to be + too + adjective + to do”结 构相当于“to be +not +adjective+ enough+ to do”,这两个句型中的形容 词是反义词。

1. He is too young to work. = He is not old enough to work. 2. The girl is too short to see it. = The girl is not tall enough to see it. 3. The question is too hard for me to answer. = The question is not easy enough for me to answer.

After the radio show

The radio show is over. Millie wants to write about that day in her diary. Help her rewrite the sentences with “to be + too + adjective + to-infinitive”.

1. Suzy was very shy. She did not join the discussion. Suzy is too shy to join the discussion. _________________________________

2. Simon was very excited. He did not express himself clearly. Simon was too excited to express _________________________________ himself clearly. ________________________________

3. Peter was slow. He could not write down all the main points.

Peter was too slow to write down all _________________________________ the main points. _________________________________ 4. Amy was careless. She did not take her hat with her when she left. Amy was too careless to take her hat _________________________________ with her when she left. _________________________________

5. Kitty was very busy with her dancing lessons. She did not listen to the radio. Kitty was too busy with her dancing ___________________________________ lessons to listen to the radio. ___________________________________
Work out the rule! We often use “to be too + adjective _________ (adjective, adverb) + to-infinitive” to express a negative result.

1. … (not) old enough to do… young to describe a polite carelessly person’s personality and busy… abilities 2. … too old to do… young polite to express a carelessly negative result. busy…

注: 另附 word 文档。 点击此处链接

Ⅰ. 单项选择。 1. This movie wasn’t . He fell asleep half way through it. (2013广西贺州) A. interesting enough B. enough interesting C. interested enough D. enough interested

2.Lucy isn’t old enough to carry the box. (2012贵州黔西南州) A. is so young that she can B. isn’t young enough to C. is too young to D. is so young to 3. Billy has all kinds of different ideas. He is ______ to be a famous writer. (2008宿迁) A. enough creative B. creative enough C. energetic enough D. enough energetic

4. Simon is _______to make us all _______. (2007无锡) A. enough funny; laugh B. funny enough; laugh C. enough funny; to laugh D. funny enough; to laugh 5. I find this computer game _______ to play. (2009无锡) A. enough easy B. easy enough C. enough easily D. easily enough

Ⅱ. 同义句转换。 1. Tom is very clever and often gets good marks in his exams. Tom is ______ get clever _______ enough ______ to good marks in his exams often. 2. Amy is so easy-going that she can make friends easily. easy-going __________ enough _______ to Amy is _________ to make friends easily.

3. The bag is too heavy for the old man to carry.

The bag is ______ not light ______ enough for the old man to carry. 4. The math problem isn’t easy enough for me to work out. The math problem is ______ too ________ difficult to work out. for me ______

Ⅲ. 根据汉语意思完成句子。 1. 我们去机场有足够的时间。 We have __________________ get to enough time the airport. 2. 玛丽的头发够长了。 enough Mary’s hair islong _______________. 3. 这些蛋糕足够了,非常感谢。 These cakes _____________. Thank are enough you very much.

4. 父母经常说我们太年轻,不能自己做 决定。 (2013湖北黄石) Our parents often say that we are _____ decide for too young ______ to ourselves. 5. 我的汤太烫,没法喝。(hot) (2013湖北宜昌) too hot to drink My soup is _____________________.

Homework


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