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2014广东英语高考试卷完形填空答案解析


第一节 完型填空 (共 15 小题,每小题 2 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下面的短文,掌握其大意,然后从 1~15 各题所给的 A、B、C 和 D 项中,选出最佳选项,并 在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 Parents feel that it is difficult to live with teenagers. Then again, teenagers have 1 feelings about their parents, saying that it is not easy living with them. According to a recent daily research, the most common 2 between parents and teenagers is that regarding untidiness and daily routine tasks. On the one hand, parents go mad over 3 rooms, clothes thrown on the floor and their children’s refusal to help with the 4 . On the other hand, teenagers lose their patience continually when parents blame them for 5 the towel in the bathroom, not cleaning up their room or refusing to do the shopping at the supermarket. The research, conducted by St. George University, shows that different parents have different 6 to these problems. However, some approaches are more 7 than others. For example, those parents who yell at their children for their untidiness, but 8 clean the room for them, have fewer chances of changing their children’s 9 . On the contrary, those who let teenagers experience the 10 of their actions can do better. For example, when teenagers who don’t help their parents with the shopping don’t find their favorite drink in the refrigerator, they are forced to 11 their actions. Psychologists say that 12 is the most important thing in the parent-child relationships. Parents should 13 to their children but at the same time they should lend an ear to what they have to say. Parents may 14 their children when they are untidy but they should also understand that their room is their own private space. Communication is a two-way process. It is only by listening to and 15 each other that problems between parents and children can be settled. 1. A. natural 2. A. interest 3. A. noisy 4. A. homework 5. A. washing 6. A. approaches 7. A. complex 8. A. later 9. A. behavior 10. A. failures 11. A. defend 12. A. communication 13. A. replay 14. A. hate 15. A. loving 答案和解析: B. strong B. argument B. crowded B. housework B. using B. contributions B. popular B. deliberately B. taste B. changes B. delay B. bond B. attend B. scold B. observing C. guilty C. link C. messy C. problem C. dropping C. introductions C. scientific C. seldom C. future C. consequences C. repeat C. friendship C. attach C. frighten C. understanding D. similar D. knowledge D. locked D. research D. replacing D. attitudes D. successful D. thoroughly D. nature D. thrills D. reconsider D. trust D. talk D. stop D. praising

1-5 DBCBC

6-10 ADAAC

11-15 DADBC

1. D 考查形容词的用法。从 it is difficult to live with teenagers 以及后文 it is not easy living with them 两句话可以推断文章主题是讨论父母和孩子住一起都相互认为和对方相处不易,因此是有相似的 感觉 similar feelings 2. B 考查名词的用法 从前文所讲父母与孩子相处不易,以及后文内容 On the one hand……On the other hand……去总结,可以大致得知父母和孩子有一定的矛盾和常见的争论,因为选 argument, interest 兴趣, link 联系,knowledge 知识与上下文内容不符 3. C 考查形容词用法 从谓语部分 go mad over 和所修饰的 rooms 以及 clothes thrown on the floor 来推断父母肯定是因为孩子房间很脏乱,衣服乱扔一地等事情而感到烦恼,因此选 messy,也与

后面的 untidiness 以及 cleaning up their room 相呼应 4. B 考查名词的用法 从前文所阐述孩子房间脏乱相对应的应该是家里的生活,因此这里是讲孩子 拒绝帮助做家务,也与后文 cleaning up their room or refusing to do the shopping at the supermarket 相呼应 5. C 考查动词 V-ing 形式的用法 根据 blame them 和 doing 形式后面所带的宾语 the towel in the bathroom 来判断, washing the towel 洗毛巾, using the towel 使用毛巾, replacing the towel 替换毛 巾都不至于被责备,选择 dropping 是表示乱扔的意思 6. A 考查名词的用法 根据 approach to the problem ( ……的方法 ) 的搭配和后文呼应的 some approaches 来判断 7. D 考查形容词的用法 从后文的 have fewer chances……On the contrary, those who let teenagers experience the of their actions can do better 来推断,这里是讨论有些解决问题的方法会更有效 更成功,而不是更复杂,更受欢迎,更科技化,选 successful 8. A 考查副词的用法 从句中 yell at their children for their untidiness, but 8 clean the room for them 的 yell at ,but 和 for them 等词语来判断,这句是在说父母会大声批评了孩子但是又为他们 打扫了房间,说明是先批评后帮忙打扫,没让孩子自己承担后果的意思,选 later 体现先后顺序和 先后态度的鲜明对比,deliberately 故意地 seldom 很少 thoroughly 彻底地,无法体现 but 的转折 与对比 9. A 考查名词的用法 从这句中 have fewer chances of changing their children’s 9 .大致推断这种 方法很难有机会改变孩子的习惯,这里的 behavior 与后文的 their actions 相呼应,其他名词没有 任何相关性 10. C 考查名词的用法 从这句中 let teenagers experience the 10 of their actions 大致意思是让青少 年去经历到自己行为的不良后果, 这样孩子们更容易改变自己行为, 结合后面的例子 consequences 后果、影响更符合语境,failures 失败,changes 改变,thrills 兴奋、刺激与上下文语境不符 11. D 考查动词的用法 when teenagers who don’t help their parents with the shopping don’t find their favorite drink in the refrigerator,从这句可知当孩子们不愿意帮忙去超市买东西,而在冰箱找不到 自己想要的饮料, 他们会为此想到自己的行为不妥而去重新思考, 去改变自己的行为, 用 reconsider 表示重新反思自己的行为,defend 防卫 delay 延迟 repeat 重复,都与句子意思不符 12. A 考查名词的用法 从后文 Communication is a two-way process 来呼应前文, bond 联系,情感纽 带,friendship 友谊,trust 信任,后文没有提到 13. D 考查动词的用法 从句子意思父母应该和孩子交谈 talk to 的搭配, 以及 but at the same time they should lend an ear to what they have to say 父母也应该倾听孩子们的诉说来推断 14. B 考查动词的用法 从句子 Parents may their children when they are untidy but they should also understand that their room is their own private space 以及前文 parents go mad over messy rooms 来 判断当房间很乱,父母会责骂孩子 15. C 考查动词 V-ing 形式的用法 从前文 hey should also understand that their room is their own private space 这句,Communication is a two-way process. 和句子 It is only by listening to and each other that problems between parents and children can be settled 来 推断 是答 案是 相互 理解, understanding each other 与前文的 understand 和 communication 可呼应


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