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2014-2015必修1 Unit 2 English around the world


2014-2015 必修 1 Unit 2 English around the world
姓名:______________ 成绩:_______________
必修 1 Unit 2 English around the world 第一部分:词汇 1.用所给单词的适当形式填空。 1.It can be _________ to write a short summary after reading a passage, because it will be of great __________ to your

4.He __________ in his ________ speech that he will support us and the __________ on his face suggested that he meant

5.Mr.Wang,a teacher with _______ experience, encouraged us to _______ our life by joining in all kinds of activities after

2.翻译下列必背短语 1.在…中担任角色,在…中起作用_____________ 2.充分利用 3.因为,由于 4.信不信由你 5.走近,上来 6.例如,像这种的 7.以……为基础 8.与……不同 9.即使;尽管 10.大量的,许多 ____________

第二部分:语法

一、虚拟语气 一个“坚持(insist)”; 两个“命令(order,command)”; 三个“建议(suggest,advise,propose)”; 四个“要求(demand,ask,require,request)”;

二、直接引语与间接引语(要求与命令): 句型转换: 1.The students said to their teacher,“Would you please sing us a song?” The students ________their teacher ________ sing _________a song. 2.The secretary said to the woman on the phone,“Could you hold on a minute” ? The secretary_______ the woman on the phone_______ hold on a minute 1

3.Tom’s father said to him angrily,“Get out!”. Tom’s father __________ him __________get out. 4.Mrs.Smith said to her daughter,“Never drive after drinking!”. Mrs. Smith __________her daughter _________ drive after drinking. 5.The mother said to her child,“Turn down the radio!”. The mother _______ her child _______turn down the radio.

三、语法单句天空 1. Our friendship is based _________ trust and honesty. 2. Miss Dent,who speaks English_________, says that fluent english is through lots of practice. (fluent) 3. Earthquakes occur ____________ (frequent) in this area. 4. This is a ________(use) knife whose handle has broken! 5. ________present,millions of people start learning American English because of their American dream. 6. China is playing an important part/role ________the world today. 7. He has failed. This/It is __________ he didn’t work hard enough. 8. He requested that I ___________(write) a letter to my teacher because of my mistakes. 9. Our boss commanded that we___________(go) to collect market information 10. Bruce isn't what he ___________(use) to be. Now he is used to _____(get) up early . 11. Don’t lose heart even _________ you should fail in the future 12. He ___________(punish) by his father . That is because he didn’t study hard 13. After the flood, _________ large number of people lost their homes. 14. It is in a dark night _________ the young girl got lost on her way to school, there is still no news. 15. This is his second time that he ________ (watch) the film transformers

四、基础写作 1.美国英语以英国英语为基础。(be based on)

2.信不信由你,美国英语现在比以往任何时候起的作用都越来越重要。(play a part,than ever before)

3.目前,很多人因为想实现美国梦而学习美国英语。(at present,because of)

4.李华认识到了美国英语的重要性,成了学习美国英语的一员。(recognize)

6.他充分利用时间,丰富词汇,练习听说。(make use of,enrich,vocabulary)

8.他一定能说一口流利的美国英语。 2

9.由于腿部受伤,她不得不放弃比赛。 (两种译法) (1)__________________________________ (2)__________________________________

10.________(即使我们学了冠词),we still find it difficult to use.

Ⅰ .语法填空 In order to know a foreign language thoroughly, four things are necessary. Firstly, we must understand the language when we hear 1.________ spoken. Secondly, we must be able to speak it ourselves correctly with confidence and without hesitation. 2.________, we must be able to read the language, and fourthly, we must be able to write it. We must be able to make sentences that are grammatically correct. There is no easy way to success 3.________ language learning. 4.________ good memory is a great help, but it is not enough only 5.________ (memorize) rules from a grammar book. It is no much use learning by heart long lists of words and their meanings, studying the dictionary and so on. We must learn 6.________ using the language. 7.________ we are satisfied with only a few rules we have memorized, we are not really learning the language. “Learn through use” is a good piece of 8.________ (advise) for those 9.________ are studying a new language. Practice is important. We must practise speaking and 10.________ (write) the language whenever we can.

阅读理解 A Today, we complete our story about the influential English writer William Shakespeare. He wrote plays and poems during the late fifteenth and early sixteenth centuries, which remain very popular today. During earlier times, people would probably have learned several ancient Roman and Greek plays. It was not unusual for writers to produce more current versions of these works. For example, in Shakespeare's play The Comedy of Errors Shakespeare borrowed certain details from the ancient Roman writer Plautus. For his play Macbeth, Shakespeare most likely used a work on Scottish history by Raphael Holinshed for information. Shakespeare might have borrowed from other writers, but the intensity(强度)of his imagination and language made the plays his own. While many plays by other writers of his time have been forgotten, Shakespeare and his art live on. Shakespeare was also influenced by the world around him. He described the sights and sounds of London in his plays. His works include observations about political struggles, the fear of diseases, and the popular language of the city's tradesmen. Shakespeare's knowledge of the English countryside is also clear. His works include descriptions of deep forests, local flowers, and the ancient popular traditions of rural people.

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It would be impossible to list all of the ways in which Shakespeare's works have influenced the world culture. But the first and greatest example would be his great influence on the English language. During his time, the English language was changing. Many new words from other languages were being added. Shakespeare used his sharp mind and poetic inventiveness to create hundreds of new words and rework old ones. For example, he created the noun forms of“critic”, “mountaineer”and“eyeball”. Many common expressions in English come from his plays, including“pomp and circumstance(装腔作势)”from Othello,“full circle(绕圈子地)”from King Lear, etc. The list of cultural creations influenced by Shakespeare is almost endless. From paintings to television to music and dance, Shakespeare was well represented. Shakespeare's plays have been translated into every major language in the world. Shakespeare became a well?known writer during a golden age of theater. His years of hard work paid off. 11. What can we infer from the passage? A.Many of Shakespeare's works were influenced by earlier writings. B.Shakespeare was hard?working when he was a student. C.The experience of living in London helped a lot with Shakespeare's works. D.Shakespeare became rich later because of the popularity of his works. 12. Shakespeare might have learnt some information from ancient Roman works in________. A.King Lear B.The Comedy of Errors C.Macbeth D.Othello 13. Why could Shakespeare's works survive his time? A.Because there were so few people writing plays in his time. B.Because he produced too many works that nobody else could do. C.Because he was a rich and influential person of his time. D.Because his works were rich in imagination and language. 14. Shakespeare's greatest influence should be on________. A.the English language B.paintings C.television D.music and dance 15. The passage is mainly about ________. A.an introduction to Shakespeare's life and his works B.the main features and styles of Shakespeare's plays C.how ancient culture influenced Shakespeare and he influenced culture D.Shakespeare's greatest influence on the world culture

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课时作业(二) Ⅰ .本文主要讲述了学习外语的一些好的方法。 1.it 指代前面的 a foreign language。 2.Thirdly 根据上下文得知这是第三点。 3.in 表示在某个方面。 4.A 好的记忆力有助于学习,memory 表示“记忆力”时可作可数名词。 5.to memorize 不定式作真正的主语,it 作形式主语。 6.by 表示用某种方法。 7.If 前后是条件关系。 8.advice 一条建议,此处应用名词。 9.who 引导定语从句,根据上文先行词 those 指人,且在从句中作主语,故用 who 引导。 10.writing practise doing sth 练习做某事。

Ⅱ.A 文章向我们介绍了一代文豪莎士比亚的作品为什么能够从当时众多的作品中脱颖而出。他的作品具有顽强的生 命力是因为它们继承古代优秀作品之长,并具有自己的特色。 11. A 细节理解题。 由第二段的?Shakespeare borrowed certain details from the ancient Roman writer Plautus. For his play Macbeth, Shakespeare most likely used a work on Scottish history by Raphael Holinshed for information. Shakespeare might have borrowed from other writers,?可以看出,莎士比亚的作品受到了早期作品的影响。 12. B 细节理解题。 由第二段的?in Shakespeare's play The Comedy of Errors Shakespeare borrowed certain details from the ancient Roman writer Plautus.可知答案。 13.D 细节理解题。由第二段最后两句中的?but the intensity of his imagination and language made the plays his own. While many plays by other writers of his time have been forgotten, Shakespeare and his art live on.说明正是他的语言 和想象力的强度使其作品独具特色,具有了极强的生命力。 14.A 细节理解题。由倒数第二段的 But the first and greatest example would be his great influence on the English language.可以看出,莎士比亚对后世的最大影响在于英语语言上。 15.C 主旨大意题。纵观全文可以看出,文章向我们介绍了古代文化对莎士比亚作品的影响,以及其作品对后 世尤其是对英语语言的影响。

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