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2017高考英语一轮复习 专题突破13 完形填空之词语辨析


专题技能突破(13) 完形填空之词语辨析
【技能讲解】 近几年高考完形填空选项的四个选项一般形式完全相同, 如都是动词原 形、都是副词、都是名词复数等,这就要求考生能区分四个选项的单词在意义上和用法上的 不同,选出正确答案。命题者深知学生在英语学习中的弱点,往往会从母语的角度设置干扰 项来考察学生的英语思维、语言的基本用法,因此,考生一定要注意英汉两种语言的差异, 不能简单的互译。 典例剖析 [2015· 福 建 高 考 ]One of the easiest things in the world is to become a fault?finder. However, life can be __1__ when you are not busy finding fault with it. Several years ago I __2__ a letter from seventeen?year?old Kerry, who described herself as a world?class fault?finder, almost always __3__ by things. People were always doing things that annoyed her, and __4__ was ever good enough. She was highly self?critical and also found fault with her friends. She became a really __5__ person. Unfortunately, it took a horrible accident to change her __6__. 1.A.lonely C.quiet B.great D.uneasy

[答案] B 句意:但是,当你不总是挑剔的话,生活可以很美好。lonely 意为“孤独 的”;great 意为“极好的”;quiet 意为“安静的”;uneasy 意为“心神不安的”。故答 案选 B。 2.A.received C.expected B.answered D.rejected

[答案] A 句意:几年前,我收到了一封来自 17 岁的 Kerry 的信,在信中她将自己描 述成了一个世界一流的吹毛求疵的人,几乎总是因为各种事情而烦恼。receive 意为“收 到”;answer 意为“回答”;expect 意为“期望”;reject 意为“拒绝”。根据语境可知, 作者是收到了一封信。故答案选 A。 3.A.threatened C.bothered B.interrupted D.spoiled

[答案] C threaten 意为“威胁”;interrupt 意为“打断”;bother 意为“使?? 恼怒,烦恼”;spoil 意为“宠坏”。根据下文“People were always doing things that annoyed her”及常识可推知,爱吹毛求疵的人容易烦恼。故答案选 C。 4.A.anything C.something B.everything D.nothing

[答案] D 句意: 人们总是做些让她恼怒的事情, 她觉得一切事情都不够好。 anything 意为“任何事情”; everything 意为“一切事情”; something 意为“某件事情”; nothing 意为“没有事情”。上文提到 Kerry 觉得人们总是做些让她生气的事情;由此可推知,此处

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指没有事情足够好,表示否定意义。故答案选 D。 5.A.caring C.interesting B.boring D.surprising

[答案] B 句意:她变成了一个真正令他人厌烦的人。caring 意为“有同情心的,感 到关心的”;boring 意为“令人厌烦的”;interesting 意为“有趣的”;surprising 意 为“令人惊讶的”。根据语境并结合常识可知,经常挑别人毛病的人会让人感到厌烦。故答 案选 B。 6.A.attitude C.measure B.plan D.explanation

[答案] A 句意:不幸的是,一场可怕的事故才改变了她的态度。attitude 意为“态 度”;plan 意为“计划”;measure 意为“措施”;explanation 意为“解释”。根据本段 最后两句可知,Kerry 改变了自己的处世态度。故答案选 A。 技能演练 一、Back in the eighties, when all my schoolmates were receiving phone messages on their pagers (寻呼机),I was still getting post?it notes (便利贴) from Mom saying that “Billy __1__”. This system of written notes seemed to __2__, so I never considered updating. 1.A.left C.sang 答案:B C.work Billy“打电话”了。 B.continue D.appear 2.A.stop B.called D.guessed

答案:C 从来没想过更新成新产品,因为原来的便利贴“奏效”。 二、The boat was hit violently. Dad was always at his best in any danger, but at this moment he ________. A.suffered C.froze 答案:C 父亲“惊呆,吓呆”了。 三、Suddenly the Scout (童子军) leader stood up and said, “MA am, I think we can help you.” He then __1__ five minutes rearranging his group so that adequate space was __2__ for the family. 1.A.wasted C.paid 答案:D 2.A.convenient C.probable 答案:B B.left D.spent spend time doing...“花时间做某事”。 B.available D.comfortable B.fell D.withdrew

available“可得到的,可使用的。”

四、This scene moves all of the worldwide football fans and tells about the true ________ of football, inheritance and happiness.
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A.meaning C.feature

B.message D.explanation

答案:A 足球真正的“含义”(meaning)——传承和快乐。 五、She sat at the end of the drive?thru holding a ________ that read, “Have a great day.” A.mark C.symbol 答案:B sign“标志牌”。 B.rose up D.lit up B.sign D.flag

六、Peter nodded happily and his face ________ with a smile. A.turned up C.put up

答案:D 句意:他的脸上绽放了笑容。light up“变得喜悦;(脸上)焕发光彩”。

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