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高中英语情态动词语法专练


1. —— Don’t forget to bring my new books tomorrow afternoon. —— No, I_______. A. don’t B. can’t C. won’t D. couldn’t 2. —— I hear you’ve got a set of Australian coins.___I have a look? —— Yes, certainly. A. Do B. May C.Shall D. Should 3. He seldom listens to others. He_____answer for what he has done. A. shall B. will C. can D. would 4. —— May I leave the office before 5 o’clock in the afternoon? —— No, I’m afraid you_______. A. needn’t B. shouldn’t C. mustn't D. won’t 5. —— Shall I tell John about it? —— No, you____. I don’t know his telephone number. A. needn’t B. wouldn’t C. mustn’t D. shouldn’t 6. Mr Bush is on time for everything. How___it be that he was late for the opening ceremony? A. can B. should C. may D. must 7. The traffic light is red, so I______stop my car. A. must B. have to C. can D. mustn’t 8. —— What happened to the young trees we planted? —— The trees______well, but I didn’t water them. A. might grow B. needn’t have grown C. would grow D. would have grown 9. I was really anxious about you. You___home without a word. A. mustn’t leave B. shouldn’t have left C. couldn’t have left D. needn’t leave 10. Children________in public very often. A. should be praised B. shouldn’t have praised C. shouldn’t have been praised D. shouldn’t be praised 11. Let’s clean the classroom, _______? A. won’t you B. shall we C. do we D. will not you 12. Tom_______show his exam results to his parents. A. dare not B. dared C. dare to D. dares not to 13. I don’t think he_______ a new bike. A. need to buy B. needs buy C. need D. need buy 14. —— Nacy_________ the letter from her mother. —— No, she can’t have. The postman hasn’t come yet. A. can receive B. can have received C. must have received D. must receive 15. She________the film. She knows nothing about it.

A. can’t see B. can’t have seen C. must see D. mustn’t have seen 16. They must have been here the day before yesterday,____? A. mustn’t they B. didn’t they C. mustn’t have they D. had they 17. —— I didn’t see her yesterday. —— Oh, but you _______________. A. must have B. ought to C. should have D. cannot have 18. —— Must I take a bus ? —— No, you____. You can walk from here. A. must not B. don’t C. don’t have to D. had better not to 19. —— Why do you make me do so? —— I am sorry that you________do such a thing. A. would B. can C. should D. may 20. —— Will you stay for lunch? —— Sorry, _____. My brother is coming to see me. A. I mustn’t B. I can’t C. I needn’t D. ?won’t 21. What would have happened____, as far as the river bank? A. if Bob has walked farther B. if Bob should walk farther C. had Bob walked farther D. if Bob walked farther 22. You didn’t let me drive. If we____in turn, you___ so tired. A. drove; didn’t get B. drove; wouldn’t get C. were driving; wouldn’t get D. had driven; wouldn’t have got 23. Without electricity human life_______quite different today. A. is B. will be C. would have been D. would be 24. Oh, Janne, you’ve broken another glass. You ought ____when you washed it. A. be careful B. to care C. have cared D. to have been careful 25. I______often go fishing when I lived in the countryside. A. should B. would C. could D. might 26. He______rather stay at home than go to the cinema with you. A. should B. might C. would D. had better 27. It’s high time we_______ to the theater. A. will B. shall C. are going to D. went 28. —— Could I use your telephone? —— Yes, of course you _____________. A. could B. will C. can D. might

29. It’s strange that they_____nothing about this matter. A. know B. would know C. knows D. knew 30. I wish you______go with me tomorrow. A. will B. would C. shall D. can 31. —— Do you still remember the day when we went to the Great Wall? —— I can’t remember it well, but______sometime last autumn? A. might it be B. could it have been C. could it be D. must it have been 32. —— I can’t get through to the general manager’s office anyhow. —— The line is busy. Someone_____the telephone. A. must use B. uses C. must have been using D. must be using 33. He suggests we______to the cinema at once, otherwise we will be late. A .must go B. go C. will go D. would go 34. When a pencil is partly in a glass of water, it looks as if ____. A. breaks B. has broken C. were broken D. had been broken 35. The general ordered that the thief____. A. be punished B. would punish C. would be punished D. should punish 36. If only I_____how to operate a computer as you do! A. had known B. wou 欤?know C. should know D. knew 37. It is surprising that he____at the meeting. A. was B. be C. is D. were 38. If you____wait a moment, I’ll go and find our manager. A. can B. should C. will D. must 39. —— Do you think he will do me a favor? —— As far as I know, he is the last one to help others. He____be prepared to give you a hand, though. A. might B. must C. can D. should 40. Even though I’d hurt my leg, I______ swim back to the river bank. A. could B. might C. had to D. was able to 41. You_______go to the party if you don’t finish your homework first. A. won’t B. don’t C. oughtn’t D. shan’t 42. —— It is rather cold here. Shall we light a fire? —— No, we______because things are easy to catch fire. A. won’t B. can’t C. mustn’t D. needn’t 43. I______Professor Jones had taught me this question. A. believe B. deeply think C. wish D. suppose 44. The chairman requested that ___________. A. the members studied the problem more carefully

B. the problems were more carefully studied C. the problems could be studied with more care D. the members study the problem more carefully 45. I______it again. A. would like you to read B. would like that you read C. would like you reading D. would like you read 46. If you really want yourself to be in good health, you must___always___so much. A. not; be smoking B. not; have smoked C. not; to smoke D. be not; smoking 47. If I___you, I____more attention to English idioms and phrases. A. was; shall pay B. am; will pay C. would be; would pay D. were; would pay 48. “Would you have told him the answer had it been possible?” “I would have, but I ____so busy then.” A. had been B. were C. was D. would be 49. He had an expression of resentment(不高兴), as if Martin___a fool of him. A. had made B. makes C. made D. would make 50. ____the fog, we should have reached our school. A. Because of B. In spite of C. In case of D. But for 51. There was a half smile on his face which suggested that he____happy to have given his life for his country. A. was B. should be C. would be D. were 52. We all agreed to her suggestion that we _ _ _ _ _ _ to the Great Wall for sightseeing(观光 ). A. will go B. go C. shall go D. should have gone 53. You must be a student, ________you? A. wasn’t B. are C. mustn’t D. aren’t 54. The young man insisted that he_____nothing wrong and___free. A. did; set B. had done; should be set C. do; be set D. had done; must be set 55. Without your help, I ____the exam last term. A. failed in B. would have failed C. wouldn’t pass D. would fail 56. _____he come, the problem would be settled. A. Would B. Should C. Shall D. If 57. Very loud noise_____make people ill or drive them mad. A. should B. can C. need D. must 58. I lost your address, otherwise I____you long before.

A. had visited B. have visited C. would have visited D. should visit 59. —— Where ________? —— I got stuck in the heavy traffic, or I_____here earlier. A. did you go; had arrived B. are you; would come C. were you; would come D. have you been; would have been 60. I________you a beautiful present for your birthday,but I was short of money at that time. A. would buy B. had bought C. would like to have bought D. must have bought

参考答案及解析 1.C。will 在此表示“应诺”。 2.B。May I...?中的 may 用以表示“允许、许可”。 3.A。shall 用于第二、三人称的肯定句或否定句,表示说话人的意愿,有“命令、警告、威 胁、强制、允诺、决心”之意。 4.C。 may 表示“允许”。 回答 may 引起的问句, 肯定式一般用 Yes, of course./Yes, certainly. /Sure./Yes, you may.否定式用 No, you mustn’t. 5.A。needn’t 表示“不必要”;mustn’t 表示“禁止”;wouldn’t 表示“拒绝”。 6.A。can 表示“可能性”,通常用于否定句或疑问句中,且有时还带有“惊奇、不相信”等感情 色彩。 7.B。must 表示说话人的主观愿望,而 have to 多表示客观需要。 8.D。would have done 表示对过去已发生的事情的推测,表示“可能……”。 9.B。shouldn’t have done 表示“过去本来不应该做某事而事实上已经做了”。 10.D。should/should not+do,表示“(现在)应该/不应该……”。 11.B。 Let’s do sth.表示“建议做某事”, 含听话一方在内, 故用 shall we。 如果用 Let us do sth. 结构,则用 will you?表示请求对方允许。 12.A。情态动词 dare 的过去式为 dared,常用于否定句、疑问句及条件句中,没有人称和 数的变化,否定式是在 dare 后接 not,再接动词原形。dare 作为实义动词时,有人称和数 的变化,构成否定句时,前要加助动词,后接带 to 或不带 to 的动词不定式。13.D。need 作为情态动词,一般用于否定句、疑问句及条件句中,后接动词原形。表示“现在不必干某 事”,用 need not do sth.;表示“过去不必干某事”,用 need not have done。need 作为实义 动词,与其它动词用法相同,用于否定句或疑问句要加助动词。 14.C。“must have done”结构,表示对过去发生情况的肯定推测。 15.B。can’t have done,表示对过去发生情况的否定推测,意为“不可能已经……”。 16.B。must have done 表示对过去发生情况的肯定推测,句中带有明确的过去时间状语, 故附加疑问句用“didn’t they”。17.C。should/ought to have done 表示“本来应该做的事而 事实上并未做”。根据上下文,句中省去了 seen her。 18.C。回答 must 引起的问句,否定回答用 needn’t 或 don’t have to.

19.C。I’m sorry/surprised/disappointed 之后的从句中,有时采用虚拟语气 should do 来 表示“难过、惊奇”等情绪。 20.B。“Will you...?”在此表示邀请或请求,回答时如果用 I won’t 显得极不礼貌,也不符合 下文; My brother is... me.表示“我不能来的原因”。 21.C。此题表示与过去事实相反的假设,主句用 would have done,从句用 had done,此处用 了倒装的省略形式,即省去 if, had 提到句首。 22.D。参见上题。 23.D。此题表示与现在事实相反的假设,主句用 should/would/might/could+do. 24。D。参见注 17。 25。 would 在此表示过去的习惯、 B。 习性、 倾向等, 意为"常......",通常与 often,sometimes,for hours 等表示时间的短语连用。 26.C。would rather do sth. than do sth.为固定搭配,“宁愿做……而不愿做……”。 27.D。It’s(high/about) time that 从句的谓语动词多用过去式,有时也可用 should do。 28.C。Could I...?问句表示委婉的请求,若允许对方,应用 can 来作答,而不用 could。 29.A。在 It’s important/surprising/desirable/strange/necessary/no wonder/a pity /a shame+that 从句中,从句谓语动词用(should ) do。 30.B。wish 后接从句,如果从句指将来的愿望,谓语动词用 would/could+do;如果表示 过去未能实现的愿望,从句谓语动词用 had done;如果表示现在未能实现的愿望,从句的 谓语动词用过去式,be 动词用 were。 31.B。could have done 表示对过去发生情况的可能性推测。 32.D。must be using 表示此刻“一定正在使用……”。 33.B。在 suggest, demand, request,require(要求),order(命令),insist(坚持) ,advise(劝 告)等动词之后的宾语从句中,谓语动词要用(should) do,同时还应注意语态。 34.C。as if 引导的从句,如果所说内容与事实不相符时,常用虚拟语气。此题是一种自然 现象,故应用一般过去时。注意比较 It seems/looks as if it is going to rain.(看起来天将要 下雨。) 35.A。参见注 33。 36.D。在 if only 引导的感叹句中,谓语动词的形式与 wish 后宾语从句中谓语动词的形式一 样。 37.B。参见注 29。 38.C。will 在此为情态动词,表示“意愿”。 39.A。根据上下文可知句意为“他不愿意帮助别人,但也许他会帮你的忙”。用“might”,表示 “可能性”比较小。 40.D。can 表示能力时可用 be able to 代替。但 can 只有一般时和过去时,be able to 可用 于各种时态。如果表示“过去有能力并成功地做成了某事"时,要用 was/were able to,不用 could。 41.D。参见注 3。 42. C。mustn’t 在此表示“禁止”。 43.C。参见注 30。 44.D。参见注 33。 45.A。would like sb. to do sth.意为“想要某人做某事”。为固定搭配。 46.A。mustn’t be doing 与 always 连用,表示“一定不要总是在做……”,含有“埋怨、不满” 等感情色彩。 47.D。 该题表示与现在事实相反的假设, 从句谓语动词用过去式, 用 were, be 主句用 would

do。 48.C。该句叙述当时的真实情况,故用 C。 49.A。该题中 as if 引导的从句表示与过去事实相反的假设,从句谓语动词用 had done。 50.D。but for(要不是)引导的介词短语,相当于 if it hadn’t been the fog。 51.A。该题中 suggest 意为“表明、暗示”,这时其后宾语从句中谓语动词用陈述语气。 52.B。在 advice,demand,idea,order,plan,suggestion 等名词后的同位语从句或表语从句中 要用虚拟语气,其谓语形式为“(should) do”。 53.D。句中的 must 表示对现在的状态或现在的事实进行推测,故后面的附加疑问部分用一 般现在时。 54.B。insist 意为“坚持说”时,后面的宾语从句中谓语动词用陈述语气,即如果从句动作与主 句动作同时发生,从句谓语用一般过去时;如果从句动作先于主句动作发生,则从句谓语用 过去完成时。意为“坚决要求”时,后面宾语从句中谓语动词用“(should) do”。 55.B。本句属于隐含式虚拟语气。句中 without 短语相当于一个与过去事实相反的虚似条件 句,故选 B。 56.B。本题是对将来情况的一种假设。英语中,如果虚拟条件句的谓语部分有 should,had 或 were 时,可把 if 省去,而把 should,had,were 放在从句主语前,构成主谓部分倒装。 57.B。can 在本句中指一种理论上的可能性。 58.C。本题为与过去事实相反的假设,在以 otherwise 引导的并列分句中用虚拟语气,时间 概念可由上下文看出。 59.D。or 引出的一个分句表示对过去的情况进行假设,故用 would have done。 60.C。从 but 引导的分句可看出,前一分句是与过去事实相反的假设。


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