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Family and Society


Family and Society

By Group 8

? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?

key words
salad bowl 沙拉碗 nuclear family 核心家庭 single-parent families 单亲家庭 same-sex marriage 同性婚姻 Affirmative Action 扶持行动 reverse discrimination 逆向歧视 Social Security Act 社会安全法案 medicare 医疗保险 unemployment compensation 失业补偿 medicaid 医疗补助

? In the 18th and 19th century,the family was a working unit. (marriage for economic reasons) ? They regarded servants and prentices as their families.

? In the second half of 19th century, nuclear family-(husband+wife+childr en)--modle family. ? love and affection become a very important part of marriage.

? By the end of 19th century,a man'wage was enough becase of unionization. ? That made women stay at home to make their home comfortable.

? By the beginning of 20 century,an ideal family was supposed to have a bread winner husband, a domestic wife,and their children who attend school. ? This was the norm for most american families until the 1960s

? In the 1960s,the enormous material wealth available to Americans expanded the middle class. ? Women no longer satisfied with being just wife and mother.

The changes of American family
? Less patient with old tradition of putting the family wellbeing first and began to demand more self-fulfillment. ? Women were no longer ssatisfied with being just wife and mother after Civil Rights movement. ? In the late 1960s and 1970s,more women began to take jobs outside home and develop careers.

This had enormous impacts on the family.
? Divorse rate rose quickly in the 1970s and 1980s. ? Many people live together and have children without children. ? The high rate of divorse and separation left many children living with one parent only. ? Most of the single-parent families are headed by women and have finanical problems.

Middle-class Family
? father knew everything,mother was always cheerfuland loving,children were respectful. ? more equality and social justice

? Living condition and the reduction of real wage force the families to have less children. ? Now 86% of all American families have two children or less.many couples choose not to have children.

Families are becoming smaller and smaller

Homosexuality Threat
? Homosexual activities were regarded as unhealthy ,immoral and harmful to the development of society.

? But during the 1960s and 1970s ,lesbians and gays have been openly damending that their rights be respected. ? The judicial branch is becoming more and more tolerant towards it. ? Christianity is widespread opposition to homosexual acts. ? Republic Party have been trying hard to fight against this trend and to restore the traditional nuclear family pattern.


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