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2014届高考英语 短文改错第一轮训练题9


2014 高考英语短文改错一轮训练(3)及答案

【多余词】--------------多词一般为:冠词/连词/介词/系词 be 助词等。 【1】连词多余 *They did not want breakfast because that they were going out early in the morning. 解析:连词多余,故此去掉 (that)

,原句是状语从句。 【2】介词多余: *The crowd waiting for to greet them in England was very surprised.(for) 解析:没有宾语,所以去掉 for。 【3】冠词多余: *Suddenly I caught a sight of my English teacher in the crowd. 解析:固定短语,catch sight of :偶然看见。 【4】系词/助词多余: *My mother was asked : “Have you taken medicine ?” 解析:根据句意,是妈妈问:故为主动语态。

【缺词】-------------

缺词一般为:冠词/连词/介词/系词 be 助词/ 【1】缺介词 *He was looking for a glass ^the cupboard (in) 解析:根据句意,in the cupboard 做状语。 【2】缺冠词 *However, the popular teacher is at^ same time the one who should be strict with students.(the) 解析:形容词 same 和 the 搭配使用,故给 same 前加 the。 【3】缺连接词 *In one class, I learned^ it rained (why

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解析:根据句子意思可知,缺连接词,句意为: “在一节课上,我知道了下雨的原因” 。 【4】缺系词 *What ^your favorite sport ? (is) 解析:句子中缺系词,在 What 加 is. ***************************************************************结束

短文改错(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) 该文中共有十处错误,每句中最多有两处,错误涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧), 并在此符号下面写出该加的词。[ 删除:把多余的词用斜线( \)划掉。 修改: 在错的词下划一横线, 并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意:1、每处错误及其修改均仅限一词; 2、只允许修改十处, 多者(从第 11 处起) 不计分。 I like eating fruit and vegetables what are of great benefit to our healthy. Not only do they prevent us from falling into ill, but they help us lose weight. I used to hate vegetables, but follow the doctor’s advice, I gradually kicked the bad habit. Just as an old saying going, “An apple a day keeps the doctor away”. However, there are still many children dislike fruit and vegetables. On contrary, influenced by this or that kind of advertisement, many were crazy about junk food. Consequently, they become weaker and weaker instead of getting strong. In my opinion, we must take action to change them.

【答案】 I like eating fruit and vegetables what (改为 which/that)are of great benefit to our healthy(改为 health). Not only do they prevent us from falling into(去掉 into) ill, but they help us lose weight. I used to hate vegetables, but follow 改为 following) ( the doctor’s advice, I gradually kicked the bad habit. Just as an old saying going (改为 goes), “ An apple a day keeps the doctor away”. However, there are still many children dislike(改为 disliking 或在 dislike 前加 who) fruit and vegetables. On (加 the) contrary, influenced by this or that kind of advertisement, many were
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(改为 are) crazy about junk food. Consequently, they become weaker and weaker instead of getting strong(改为 stronger). In my opinion, we must take action to change them. (改为 it)

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短文改错(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有 10 处语言错误,每句最多有两处,每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧) ,并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线(\) 划掉。 修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词; 2.只允许修改 10 处,多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。 Last Sunday my father and I went fishing along a river. We found the water very dirty that we could hardly catch any fish in it. A lot of factories along the river always poured their waste water and rubbish straightly into the river, which made the river polluting. In this way most of the fish in the river was killed. Unless the rivers all over the country are polluted like this, no living things will be exist in the water. As we all know, environmental pollution do great harm to living things. Now more and more people have realized what serious this problem is. Our government is doing her best to take measure to fight against pollution. We expect that water in every river will be made cleaner and cleaner before long. 【参考答案】 very →so straightly →straight polluting →polluted was →were Unless →If be →be[ do →does what →how
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measure →measures water →the water

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(2010·唐山联考) When I was a child, my mom was pushed me to study hard,1.________ hoping I could get a chance to go to college. I experience2.________ pressure for the first time. I did that my mom expected3.________ because I didn't want to let her off. I was born to a poor4.________ peasant family, but I really knew life was not easy. All the5.________ things my mother did was the result of her hope that I could6.________ lead better life in the future. As the saying goes, “No pains7.________ no gains.”I was finally able to meet my mother expectations and8.________ have a chance to go to college. Thanks to my mother's push and the 9.________ pressure, I made it. Now, I no longer think pressure is a good thing.10.________ 答案与解析: 1.去掉第二个 was 此处不用被动语态,故 was 多余。 2.experience→experienced 此处应用一般过去时态,与全文时态保持一致。 3.that→what 这里用 what 引导宾语从句并在从句中作宾语,that 没有这种用法。 4.off→down 结合上下文可知此处意为“我不想让她失望”,故应用 let sb. down 表示“让某人失望”。 5.but→and 或 so 此处应为顺承关系而非转折关系,故将 but 改为 and 或 so。 6.was→were 此处主语为 all the things,故应用 were。 7.better 前加 a lead a better life 表示“过一种更好的生活”。

8.mother→mother's 此处表示“达到了妈妈的期望”,故应用其所有格形式。
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9.√ 10.good→bad 根据上文可知此处是指“我不再认为压力是一件坏事”,故应将 good 改为 bad。 ******************************************************结束

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