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2016年江苏省初中英语听力口语自动化考试纲要

2016 年江苏省初中英语听力口语自动化考试纲要
说明:本文中红色的部分表示跟去年相比有改动的。 第一部分朗读短文

1 去年的第 15 题 Halloween is on October 31. People celebrate it in many ways. Children wear special costumes and masks on Halloween. Many children play a game called 'trick or treat'. They knock on their neighbours' doors and shout 'trick or treat'. Their neighbours usually give them some candy as a 'treat'. If the children do not get any candy, they can play a trick on their neighbours. Some people also make lanterns out of big orange pumpkins. They cut out the eyes, the nose and the sharp teeth. They put candles in them so the light shines through the eyes, the nose and the teeth.

2 去年的第 17 题 Dear Millie, (小改动,加了 very much)

Thank you very much for your letter. I hope I can offer you some useful advice. You said you often stay up late to finish all your homework. Plan your day carefully. Make a list of all the homework you have. Then work out how much time you need to finish it all. This will give you an idea of how much spare time you have. You also said that you do not have enough time for your hobbies. What about choosing your hobby according to the time you have? I hope you think my advice is worth taking. Best wishes,

Helen

3 去年的第 20 题(小改动,studies 改成 lessons) My ideal school starts at 8 a.m. and finishes at 3 p.m. I love sports and computers, so we have PE and computer lessons every day. The classes are quite small. There are about 20 students in each class. There is a big dining hall, There we can eat and chat with our friends. There is a park on one side of our school and a shopping mall on the other. We have a big library. We also have a tennis court and a swimming pool. There are lots of clubs and after-school activities. Every month, we go on a school trip to a museum or a theatre.

4 Zhalong Nature Reserve is in North-east China. It is one of the world's most important wetlands. The area provides food and cover for a lot of wildlife. It is a perfect place for some rare birds. Some people want to make the wetlands smaller in order to have more space for farms and buildings. This will lead to less and less space for wildlife. Now the Chinese government has made laws to protect Zhalong. Wetlands are important because they provide food and shelter for wildlife including some endangered birds, and they also help prevent floods. We must protect the home of plants, fish and birds in Zhalong.

5 Dear classmates,

Have you ever had any problems? Are you wondering who you can ask for advice? If so, you can write to Mr Sigmund Friend. You may wonder who he is. He is a youth worker. Do you know what a youth worker does? Mr Friend says that youth workers help young people solve their problems. They are doing a great job. Some of my friends wrote to Mr Friend and asked how they could deal with their problems. Soon they got his replies. Now they know what they should do. Best wishes, Millie 6 All around the world, people drink tea. But tea does not mean the same thing to everyone. In different countries people have very different ideas about drinking tea. In China people like to have tea together with their friends. They drink tea at any time of the day. They put only tea leaves in their cups. They prefer tea with nothing in it. Tea is also popular in Japan. People have tea every day. But the way they drink it is different from that in China. In the USA people drink tea at breakfast or after meals. They usually use tea bags to make their tea."

7 Dear Sir, I would like to recommend Daniel for this year's Youth Star Award. Daniel is a clever boy. He learns things quickly. He always thinks carefully when he works. He plans everything well.

Daniel is really kind. Last week, a five-year-old boy lost his way and was crying in the street. Daniel saw him and took him to the police station. He stayed with the boy and played with him for two hours before the boy's parents came. All the members at the Helping Hands Club think that Daniel should get the award. We look forward to hearing from you soon. Yours faithfully Sandy

8 Our environment is changing for the worse, so it is time for us to go green. Here are some simple steps to take at home. We can save water by taking shorter showers and turning off the tap when we brush our teeth. In order to save power, we should turn off the lights when we leave a room. Some other good habits can help reduce pollution too. We should not use plastic bags when shopping. Recycling is also a good way to help reduce pollution. We should separate waste into different groups so that it can be recycled. Follow these small steps, and you can make a big difference to the Earth!"

9 New York, London, Paris and many other cities are exciting places to live. There are lots of interesting things to see and do. But there are serious problems in big cities too. It is expensive to live there, and there are too many people. Every year many people move to the cities to find work, study at good schools and receive high-quality medical care. But sometimes these

people can't find work or good places to live. Also it is hard to keep big cities safe and clean. So, before people move to a big city, they should think about the problems they might have to deal with there.

10 新增题 This weekend,I visited my aunt . She lives on a farm in the countryside .She keeps horses and teaches people how to ride them .First ,she showed me around the farm .It’s very big !Then she took me to see the horses .It was time for lunch, so she gave them some food .After that ,my aunt taught me how to ride a horse .Then we rode the horses across the fields !It was so exciting !When we got back to the farm ,we cleaned the horses’stables before we had dinner .I really hope I can visit my aunt again soon .I love horses!

11 Dinosaurs lived on the Earth a long time ago. We now know that the first dinosaurs appeared about 230 million years ago. There were hundreds of different kinds of dinosaurs, but they didn't live at the same time. Some dinosaurs were really small. One of the smallest dinosaurs was about one metre long and weighed about three kilograms. Others were really big. Some very large ones weighed over 100,000 kilograms and some were about 40 metres long. Some dinosaurs ate plants and others ate meat, but they didn't eat grass. All dinosaurs had four legs and lived on land.

12 We are going to hold a talk on good table manners this afternoon. The purpose is to teach students rules for eating. There will be a lot of advice on table manners. Above all, when you are sitting at the table, you should not start eating until everyone is ready, and it is impolite to make too much noise while you are eating or drinking. You should not eat with your mouth open or talk with food in your mouth. Before you leave the table, wait for everyone to finish. These rules are important because we should make sure that both guests and hosts are comfortable at the table.

13 新增题 Today, we are going to make potato stamps. Potato stamps are very easy to make. First, you should get a large potato. Don’t use a small one, as it’ll be too difficult to hold. Next, wash it. You want to be sure to get it really clean .Now cut it in half wish a knife. Be careful! I don’t want anyone to get hurt. Next, you should draw a design on the end of the potato with a pen. Then carefully cut the design out with the tip of your knife. When you’re done, pour some paint onto the plate. Now put the cut end of your potato into the paint. Finally, put the potato onto a piece of paper .Wasn’t that fun?

14 Hello, everyone!

I've got some great news for you today. Our school basketball team is in the final round of the basketball competition! The match will be on Sunday, the 7th of November, at South Hill School. Now, listen carefully to the plan for the day. At 9 a.m., we'll meet at the school gate. We'll arrive at South Hill School at 10 a.m. The match will start at 10.30 a.m. After the match finishes, there will be the presentation of the cup and medals. The bus will leave at 12 noon from South Hill School and bring you back to school. Please come and support our team.

15

去年的第 1 题

My neighbours are kind and helpful. Some of them are volunteers. They have different skills and often help us with all kinds of problems. Usually there is a 'helping hands' meeting at the weekend. People go there when they need help with their problems. Computer engineers are popular. They help people check their computers. You can also find someone to fix things like broken bicycles. Students can get help with their homework. There are some college students among the volunteers, and they are always ready to help. We are lucky to live in a neighbourhood like that. People here are like a big family.

16

去年的第 13 题

This year's Beijing Music Awards will be covered live this Saturday. All the big pop stars will attend. Before the awards start, we will interview some of the most famous stars. Two thousand fans have voted online for their favourite songs, singers and

music videos. The results will be announced during the programme and the host will ask questions for the viewers to answer. As you are watching the awards, write down your answers and send text messages to 1396. If you are lucky enough, you could win two free concert tickets.

17

去年的第 2 题

We need to do something for giant pandas. They're now in danger. For example, giant pandas do not have many babies during their lives, and it's easy for baby pandas to get sick and die when they are very young. Also, giant pandas mainly live on a special kind of bamboo, so the bamboo forests are very important to them. However, the bamboo forests are becoming smaller and smaller. As a result, giant pandas may not have a place to live or food to eat. There are now only about 1600 pandas in the wild. We should take action to protect them right away.

18 Yesterday we visited the Summer Palace and spent about three hours in it. The palace is a large Chinese garden set in a natural landscape and mainly includes a hill and a lake. The lake is very big - it takes up three quarters of the area. It was frozen, so we could not row a boat there. It was really a pity. Across the lake is a 17-hole bridge. There are over 50 stone lions on both sides of it. The lions are all different from each other. Isn't it amazing? The Summer Palace was once a nice place for the emperors to spend the summer and it was well worth a visit.

19 (小改动)creates a feeling of harmony 改成 is a calm and peaceful colour

I have to choose a new colour for my bedroom. It is a very important decision, because colour can change a person's mood. I like orange, because it's a happy, warm colour. It can make people feel comfortable. My best friend Jack doesn't agree though. He thinks green is better. Jack says that green represents nature and that it can make you feel energetic. I remind Jack that green is also the colour of envy. My mother recommends blue. She thinks blue is a calm and peaceful colour, so it will make me less stressed and help me relax after school. Perhaps she is right.

20

去年的第 3 题

It is so windy in spring. Many people in the street have to cover their faces with scarves. It makes them look funny. Summer is usually very hot. The high temperature makes people sleepy in the afternoon. Sometimes it is rainy. The sudden heavy rain causes a lot of problems. Autumn is the best season of the year. People are lucky to enjoy many sunny days. They like to have a short trip around the city at the weekend. Most children like winter. They are happy and noisy on snowy days. They like snowball fights. However, it is sometimes cloudy in autumn and winter. Heavy fog is not healthy for people.

21 Dear Sandy, I have just listened to a programme on the radio. It was about a new CD-ROM pack called 'Daily English'. It is a new course from Australia. The pack includes a book and five CD-ROMs. It is very good for tourists and students. I'm sure we can learn a lot from it. We can learn about how to use the telephone and how to ask and answer

questions. We can also learn to talk about the weather and the time. The course covers many topics, such as travel and hotels, food and drink, and shopping and money. I am going to order a pack online. Do you want me to order one for you too? Regard Millie"

22 I love reading. I spend over seven hours a week reading different types of books. On weekdays, I usually read for about half an hour before going to bed. I read a lot at the weekend. I am interested in history books, but I like novels best. The four great classical Chinese novels are my favourite. I get most of my books from Sunshine Library - it is just opposite my home. My friends give me lots of advice on books. We often meet together and discuss what to read. Reading is always a wonderful time. Good books are good friends. They also open up a whole new world to me.

23 Everyone needs friends. There is an old saying, ""Friends are God's way of taking care of us."" But how do you find real friendship and keep it? First, you should choose a friend. A good friend should be kind and helpful. For example, if you have a bad day, a good friend should listen to your complaints and do his or her best to help.

But friendships are not always perfect. Even best friends have fights. When you have a fight with your friend, try to talk to him or her. If he or she doesn't want to talk, don't be sad. You could write a letter instead.

24

去年的第 30 题

Kites have a long history in China. The Chinese began to make kites over 2,000 years ago. The first kite in history was made out of wood by Mozi. His student Lu Ban used bamboo to make kites. In the Eastern Han dynasty, Cai Lun found a new way to make paper, and then people began to use paper to make kites. In the 13th century, an Italian man called Marc Polo visited China. He told people in the West all about kites. In the Ming and Qing dynasties, kite flying became a very popular outdoor activity. People liked to fly kites on sunny, windy days in spring.

25 ( 小改动) policemen 改成 police ,sent 改成 took Dear John, How are you? I left school early yesterday because the snowstorm started again in the afternoon and it got worse later. This morning I read a newspaper article about a car accident. A man named Su Ning called 110 at 7.40 p.m. using his mobile phone. His car crashed into a tree while he was driving in the snowstorm. He and his wife were trapped in the car. The snow was heavy and it covered everything. The police arrived at once and took them to hospital. Luckily, they were not hurt. What about London? Do you have snowstorms there? Please e-mail me soon.

Maggie

26 Yao Ming was born in Shanghai in 1980. He got his first basketball when he was only four years old, but he did not become serious about basketball until he was 12. Yao joined the Houston Rockets in 2002 and became the best Chinese player to have ever played in the NBA. When Yao Ming lived in the USA, he returned to China whenever he was needed. He took part in the Olympics in 2004 and in 2008 as one of the Chinese athletes. Since he ended his basketball career, Yao has done a lot of charity work, especially for poor Chinese teenagers.

27 UNICEF was set up in 1946 to help children after the war in Europe. Now, UNICEF helps children all over the world. It works in 158 countries. It helps governments and families make the world a better place for children. UNICEF gets its money from donations. It raises money by selling Christmas cards and organizing other fund-raising activities. People can help UNICEF by doing voluntary work. UNICEF believes that all children should have clean water and food so that they can be healthy. It also believes that they should go to school instead of working to support their families.

28 (小改动,去掉了 Hi everybody!) My name is Lucy. I am in Year 9 at Woodland School near London. It is a mixed school. Boys and girls have lessons together. My favourite subject is French. Learning foreign languages is fun. Our school has a Reading Week every year. During the week, we can borrow more books from the school library. We can also bring in books and magazines from home. I often read more books than my classmates. Near the end of the week, we discuss the books with our classmates in class. Time seems to go faster when we are reading interesting books.

29

去年的第 24 题(小改动,ringing 去掉了 ing)

Twenty years ago, mobile phones were rather expensive. Only important or rich people had them. However, these days more people have them in their hands, even high school students. It is true that mobile phones can be very useful. They are an easy way to keep in touch with friends and family members anywhere and at any time. But we also hear mobile phones ring in places like classrooms, cinemas and museums. The sound is very loud and can disturb people. Some drivers have accidents because they use their mobile phones while driving. So, are mobile phones really a good thing?

30

去年的第 29 题

In the Chinese lunar calendar, there are 12 animal signs. Each of them represents a lunar year. It is said that the animals held an exciting race to decide their order. After the race began, the strong, hard-working Ox took the lead. Suddenly, the clever Rat jumped on the Ox's back and won the race! The Ox came second, the Tiger third, and so it went. The Pig took his time and came last. The cycle of animal years repeats every 12 years. Some people believe that people born in the same animal year may share similar characteristics. For example, they believe people born in the Year of the Dragon are powerful and energetic."

第二部分话题简述

[1-1] 小变动,去掉了“来自”,英文没变化。 1.杰克是一名八年级学生,就读于伦敦附近的一所学校; 2.他最喜欢的学科是中文课,他认为学习外语很有趣; 3.学校每学期有一个""读书周"",他和他的同学们喜欢这个""读书周"",他们可以 读到学校图书馆的许多书和杂志;他很喜欢他的学校。

Jack is a Year 8 student at a school near London. His favourite subject is Chinese. He thinks learning foreign languages is fun. His school has a Reading Week every term. Jack and his classmates love it. They can read many books and magazines from the school library. Jack loves his school very much.

[1-2](说法小变动,英语不变) 1.南希 14 岁,是七年级学生; 2.她每周放学后打两次排球;她喜爱这项运动,花很多时间练习; 3.每周一她去""同伴俱乐部"";在那里,老生给新生讲学校生活情况;同伴朱莉 帮助她全面了解新学校情况;朱莉是她的好朋友。

Nancy is 14 years old. She's in the seventh grade. Twice a week, she plays volleyball after school. She loves this game and spends a lot of time practising. Every Monday, Nancy goes to a Buddy Club. There, older students talk to new students about school life. Her buddy Julie helps her learn all about her new school. Julie is her good friend.

[2-1] 中文小变动,英文不变去年的第 6 题 1.我有许多爱好,喜欢游泳、唱歌和购物,目前旅游是我的最爱; 2.但是,每天我有很多家庭作业;做作业花时很多,我没有时间用在爱好上;对 此我真的感到遗憾; 3.我不想因为家庭作业而放弃全部爱好。

I have many hobbies. I love swimming, singing and shopping. At the moment, travelling is my favourite hobby. However, I have a lot of homework every day. I spend so much time doing my homework that I cannot find any time for my hobbies. I really feel bad about it. I don't want to give up all my hobbies because of my homework.

[2-2]1.迈克迷恋足球,喜爱看足球比赛,也喜爱踢足球; 2.放学后,他经常和同学们一起踢一小时左右的足球;

3.他的父母不喜欢这一点,要求他在 5 点半之前回家;他认为有必要花些时间在 爱好上,希望能得到父母的支持。

Mike is crazy about football! He loves watching football matches. Of course, he loves playing football too. He often spends about one hour playing football with his classmates after school. His parents don't like this and have asked him to go home before 5: 30. He thinks it is important for him to spend some time on his hobbies. He wishes he could have his parents' support.

[3-1] 去年的第 5 题,内容不变 1.为了更健康,我已改变了饮食; 2.以前,我很少吃水果、蔬菜,喜欢糕点、糖果和可乐; 3.现在,早餐时我总是吃一根香蕉、一些面包,喝一杯牛奶;午餐时,通常吃鱼 和蔬菜; 4.我现在越来越健康,学习情况也因此大有改善。

I have changed my diet because I want to be healthier. Before, I seldom ate fruit and vegetables. I liked cakes, sweets and cola. Now, I always have a banana, some bread and a glass of milk for breakfast. I usually eat fish and vegetables for lunch. I'm now becoming healthier and healthier. Because of this, my studies have greatly improved.

[3-2] 1.以前,汤姆喜爱薯条和汉堡包,吃很多甜的零食,很少吃水果和蔬菜; 2.现在,为了更健康,他已改变了饮食;早餐常喝点牛奶,吃点面包;正餐常吃 米饭、鱼和蔬菜;饭后常吃些水果;

3.汤姆现在健康多了,他知道改变不健康的饮食很重要。

Before, Tom loved chips and hamburgers and ate a lot of sweet snacks, but he seldom ate fruit and vegetables. Now, he has changed his diet because he wants to be healthier. For breakfast, he usually has some milk and bread. He usually has rice, fish and vegetables for dinner. After meals he often eats some fruit. He knows it's important to change an unhealthy diet.

[4-1] 小改动数量大小写变化,英文不变 1.人人喜欢大熊猫;大熊猫温顺且安静,吃一种特别的竹子; 2.野外现仅有大约 1600 只大熊猫,它们的数目越来越少; 3.大熊猫生活的地方正在变为农田,而且人们也为取其毛皮而猎捕它们;如此下 去,世界上很快将再无大熊猫。

Everyone likes giant pandas. Giant pandas are quiet and peaceful. They eat a special kind of bamboo. Now, there are only about 1,600 giant pandas in the wild. Their number is going down. Their living areas are becoming farmlands. Also people hunt them for their fur. If this continues, there will soon be no giant pandas in the world.

[4-2] 1.熊猫宝宝名叫“希望”,出生时重约 90 克,每天喝母乳;6 个月时,开始吃竹子; 2.可悲的是,大熊猫在野外很难存活;假如人们砍掉树和森林,大熊猫将无栖身 之处; 3.我们应当尽力保护它们。

The baby panda is called Xi Wang. When she was born, she weighed about 90 grams. She drank her mother's milk every day. When she was six months old, she started to eat bamboo. Sadly, it is difficult for giant pandas to survive in the wild. If people cut down trees and forests, giant pandas will have nowhere to live. We should try our best to protect them.

[5-1] 去年的第 3 题 1.我表弟安德鲁对 DIY 很着迷;他喜欢修理物品,装饰房间;但事后,房间总是 一团糟; 2.曾经有一次他想在自己的卧室里安装一盏更亮的灯,但是他犯了一个错误,整 个房子都停电了; 3.我给他买了一些 DIY 书籍,建议他选修一些 DIY 课程。

My cousin Andrew is crazy about DIY. He loves to repair things and decorate his house. But when he finishes, the house always looks terrible! He once tried to put in a brighter light in his bedroom, but he made a mistake. Then his whole house had a power cut. So I bought some books about DIY for him, and I also advised him to take some courses in DIY.

[5-2] 1.这里有一些制作水果沙拉的小建议; 2.首先,使用当季水果;其次,搭配不同颜色的水果;比如,把红色的苹果、青 色的梨子和紫色的葡萄搭配起来会使沙拉看上去五彩缤纷; 3.最后, 在食用沙拉前再做沙拉; 有些水果在空气中放置一段时间后会很快变色。

Here are some tips for making a fruit salad. First, use fruit in season. Then, use fruit of different colours. For example, mixing red apples, green pears and purple grapes together will make the salad look very colourful. Last, prepare the fruit salad just before you are going to eat it. Some of the fruit will quickly turn brown when you leave it in the air for some time.

[6-1] 去年的第 2 题 1.我喜欢看罗伯特-路易斯-史蒂文森的书,我认为它们真的太精彩了; 2.比如,《金银岛》讲述的是一个小男孩的故事;他出海航行,寻找宝藏;故事 给了我很大的信心; 3.读完这本书后,我不再像以前那样害羞;将来我还想去旅游,拥有一些令人兴 奋的经历。

I enjoy reading the books of Robert Louis Stevenson because I find them really exciting. For example, Treasure Island tells the story of a young boy. He sails the sea to look for hidden treasure. His story gives me a lot of confidence! After reading the book, I am not as shy as I used to be. I also want to travel and have exciting experiences in the future.

[6-2] 1.我喜欢阅读;每周我花七个多小时阅读各种类型的书;我对历史题材的书感兴 趣,但是我最爱看小说; 2.朋友们给我很多读书建议;我们常见面,讨论读什么书; 3.阅读总是段美好的时光;好书让我在忙碌一天之后轻松下来;同时也向我打开 了一个全新的世界。

I love reading. I spend over seven hours a week reading different types of books. I am interested in history books, but I like novels best. My friends give me a lot of advice on books. We often meet together and discuss what to read. Reading is always a wonderful time. Good books help me relax after a busy day. They also open up a whole new world to me.

[7-1] 中文小变动,英文不变 1.如果你在考虑去北京旅游,我推荐这本书; 2.这本书描述了北京的许多旅游景点,还介绍了当地的纪念品;书中有许多漂亮 的照片; 3.从这本书中你可以了解到北京的许多情况; 4.书不贵,可到附近的书店购买。

If you are thinking about visiting Beijing, I recommend this book. It describes many tourist attractions in the city. It also tells you about the local souvenirs. There are many beautiful photos in the book. You can learn a lot about Beijing from this book. This book is not expensive. You can buy it in the nearby bookshop.

[7-2]1.我推荐海伦担任网球俱乐部的负责人; 2.她成为俱乐部成员已经三年了;他一直积极参加俱乐部活动;我常看到她刻苦 训练;今年她在学校网球比赛中获得第一名;她做事有条不紊; 3.我认为她是俱乐部负责人的恰当人选。

I recommend Helen to be the Tennis Club leader. She has been a club member for three years. She always takes an active part in club activities. I often see her practising hard. This year, she came first in the school tennis competition. She is also very organized. I think she is a good choice to be the Tennis Club leader.

[8-1] 1.我对阳光城很了解;四岁时随父母一起搬到了这里,从那以后就住在这里; 2.我们先住在城北;几年后,我们搬到城中心的另一座公寓; 3.现在阳光城已发生了很大变化,看起来就像一个美丽的大公园。

I know Sunshine Town very well. I moved here with my parents when I was four years old. I have lived here since then. We first lived in the northern part of town. A few years later, we moved to another flat in the centre of town. Now Sunshine Town has changed a lot. It looks like a big beautiful park.

[8-2] 这个地方改成部分镇中心,英文 the place 改成 part of the town centre 1.阳光城变化很大;政府已将部分镇中心变成了一个公园;我们有了一个大型购 物中心和一个剧院;也有了开阔的空地和美丽的花园; 2.然而,要看到一些老朋友就有困难了;他们已搬到了北京或其他地方,我时而 感到有点寂寞; 3.有时,他们回来看我,那使我很高兴。

Sunshine Town has changed a lot. The government has turned part of the town centre into a park. We have a large shopping mall and a theatre. We have open spaces and pretty gardens too. However, it is difficult to see some of my old friends. They

have moved to Beijing or other places, and I feel a bit lonely from time to time. Sometimes they come back to see me, and that makes me very happy.

[9-1]

自然界改成大自然,英文不变

1.谭盾 1958 年出生在中国湖南省中部;很小的时候就表现出对音乐的兴趣; 2.对他而言,最好的音乐来自;由于他喜欢大自然的声音,他经常在自己的音乐 里使用它们; 3.谭盾成功地把中国音乐和西方音乐融合在一起,在东西方之间架起了一座桥 梁;用他自己的话讲,""我的音乐就是梦想无边。""

Tan Dun was born in 1958 in central Hunan, China. When he was very young, Tan showed an interest in music. To him, the best music comes from nature. As he likes the sounds of nature, Tan uses them a lot in his music. Tan has successfully brought Chinese and Western music together. He has helped build a bridge between the East and the West. In his words, "My music is to dream without boundaries."

[9-2] 1.谭盾是当今世界最伟大的艺术家之一;他在年轻的时候用石头、纸张等常见的 物品来制作音乐; 2.他喜欢来自大自然的声音;他经常在自己的音乐里使用它们; 3.比如,在他的一部作品《水乐》中,他没有使用任何乐器;通过控制水流的速 度,他用水制造出了五十多种声音;那真是太神奇了!

Tan Dun is one of the greatest artists in the world today. He used to make music with common objects like stones and paper when he was young. He loves the sounds of

nature. He uses them a lot in his music. For example, in one of his works, Water, he doesn't use any musical instruments. He makes over 50 sounds from water by controlling the speed of water flow. That's really amazing!

[10-1] 1.我的家乡在中国的东部,是个小城镇; 2.城里有个美丽的公园,在那里我们可以散步,也可以看到小山、树和湖;城里 有一些高楼,最高的那栋楼有二十四层;有很多商店,我们经常去购物; 3.我很喜欢我的家乡。

My home town is in the east of China. It is a small town. In it there is a beautiful park. We can go walking there. We can see hills, trees and lakes too. There are some tall buildings in the town and the tallest one has twenty-four floors. There are lots of shops. We often go shopping in them. I like my hometown very much.

[10-2] 1.我住在一个小城市的附近;我的房子外便是公交车站;乘公交车到市中心约需 十分钟; 2.在市中心有许多建筑物,包括一个大型购物中心、一个青年中心和一个博物馆, 还有一个公园; 3.青年中心是我最喜欢的地方,周末我经常和朋友们去那里。"

I live near a small city. Outside my house is a bus stop. It takes about ten minutes to get to the city centre by bus. There are lots of buildings there, including a large

shopping mall, a youth centre and a museum. There is a park too. The youth centre is my favourite place. I often go there with my friends at the weekend.

[11-1] 中文说法变化英文小变化 1.一些颜色让人感到平静和安宁;蓝色便是其一;蓝色也表示难过;感到难过的 人会说:“我感到忧伤”; 2.让人感到平静和安宁的另一种颜色是白色;如果你感到压力大,就可以穿白色 的衣服。白色还是一种纯洁的色彩;

Some colours make people feel calm and peaceful. Blue is one of these colours. Blue can also represent sadness. Someone who is feeling sad may say, 'I'm feeling blue.' Another colour that makes people feel calm and peaceful is white. You could wear white if you are feeling stressed. White is also the colour of purity.

[11-2] 能带给你成功,改成如果你感到难过,高兴改成振奋 1.一些颜色能让你感到温暖; 生活在气候寒冷地区的人们,更喜欢用暖色来给他们 的家一种温暖和舒适的感觉; 2.橙色是暖色之一,如果你感到难过,它能让你振奋;黄色是另一种暖色,是太 阳的颜色,也是智慧之色。

Some colours can make you feel warm. People in cold areas prefer to use warm colours to give their homes a warm and comfortable feeling. Orange is one of the warm colours. It can cheer you up if you feel sad.Yellow is another warm colour. Yellow is the colour of the sun. It is also the colour of wisdom.

[12-1] 1.刘浩是连接阳光城到天津路段高铁的总工程师;他严肃,话不多;做事有条不 紊; 2.工作上,他总是追求高标准;刘浩认为失之毫厘,谬以千里,因此必须重视每 个细节; 3.他对他的团队成员很友好;大家觉得他是一个谦虚、易相处的人。

Liu Hao is the chief engineer of the high-speed railway connecting Sunshine Town to Tianjin. He is serious and doesn't like to talk much. He is well organized. He always works to high standards. Liu Hao believes a miss is as good as a mile, so it is necessary to pay attention to every detail. He is friendly to his team members. They think he's modest and easy to work with.

[12-2] 1.五年前,孙宁放弃了她会计师的职业;开始在一家大公司的销售部门工作; 2.她的上一份工作中,她天天只能与数字打交道;那使得她很不开心;因为喜欢 与人打交道,她选择了新的工作; 3.现在,孙宁是这家公司的总经理;她说她随时准备接受新的挑战。

Sun Ning gave up her job as an accountant five years ago. She started to work for the sales department in a big company. In her last job, she could only work with numbers day after day. That made her unhappy. She chose her new job because she loved working with people. Sun Ning is now the general manager of the company. She said she was ready to take on new challenges anytime.

[13-1] 去年的第 19 题 1.我是个中学生;上周我设计了一件上衣、一条裙子和一双靴子; 2.黑色的上衣是用羊毛制成的,长而漂亮;红色的裙子也是用羊毛制成的,适合 在秋天穿;靴子是短筒皮靴,与衣服很相配; 3.我非常喜爱它们。

I am a middle school student. Last week I designed a coat, a skirt and a pair of boots. The black coat is made of wool. It is long and beautiful. The red skirt is made of wool too. It is good for autumn. The boots are short and are made of leather. They match the clothes very well. I love them very much.

[13-2]1.上星期六,我们班举办了一场时装表演;我们都穿着 20 世纪不同年代的 服装; 2.海伦的衣服看上去色彩鲜艳,是 20 世纪 80 年代的款式;约翰看起来很休闲, 穿着蓝黄相间的运动衣和一双色彩鲜艳的运动鞋;20 世纪 90 年代的年轻人喜欢 穿运动鞋。

Last Saturday, our class held a fashion show. We all wore clothes from different times in the 20th century. Helen looked colourful. Her clothes were from the 1980s. John looked relaxed. He wore blue-and-yellow sports clothes and a pair of colourful trainers. Young people in the 1990s liked wearing trainers.

[14-1] 1.我的表妹朱迪在大学里加入了一个志愿者工程;她在中国西北部的一所小学里 当老师,为期一年;

2.她教学生语文、英语和数学;有时候还教他们唱歌;她还让他们读很多书; 3.朱迪认为,对大学生们来说,给贫困地区的孩子们上课是件非常有意义的事; 通过这种方式,他们能够帮助当地人改善自己的生活。

My cousin Judy has taken part in a volunteer project in her college. She works as a primary school teacher in North-west China for one year. She teaches the students Chinese, English and Maths. She sometimes teaches them songs. She also gives them a lot of books to read. Judy thinks it is meaningful for college students to teach children in the poor areas. In this way, they can help the local people improve their lives.

[14-2] 1.小伟,一名九年级的学生,从上个月起就生病住院了;医生说手术也许能够挽 救他; 2.但是手术要花费三十多万元; 小伟的父母都是农民; 他们没有足够的钱; 然而, 对小伟而言,尽快手术很重要; 3.如果我们都能伸出援助之手,也许他会很快康复。

Xiao Wei, a Grade 9 student, has been ill in hospital since last month. The doctor says an operation may save him. But it will cost over 300,000 yuan. Xiao Wei's parents are both farmers. They do not have enough money. However, it is important for Xiao Wei to have the operation as soon as possible. If all of us can give a helping hand, he may get well again soon.

[15-1]

1.我校的学生喜欢各种电视节目; 2.安妮塔是七年级的学生,最喜欢《动物世界》;她的哥哥汤姆在八年级,最喜 欢《体育城》; 3.他们每天看一小时电视,从电视节目中,他们学到了许多从书本上学不到的知 识。

The students in our school like different kinds of TV programmes. Anita is a seventh-grade student. Her favourite programme is Animal World. Her elder brother Tom is in Grade Eight. His favourite programme is Sports City. They watch TV for one hour every day. From TV programmes they've learned a lot which can't be learned from books.

[15-2] 1.今天是个非常令人激动的日子;我和表兄一起参加了一个电视竞赛节目; 2.在节目中,我们要合作回答各种有关体育知识的问题;节目开始前,我感到很 紧张,但是我和表兄好好地做了准备;我们答对了大部分问题;最后,我们获得 最高分,赢得了比赛; 3.我的家人都很高兴。

Today is a very exciting day. My cousin and I took part in a TV game show. On the show we had to work together to answer all kinds of questions about sports. Before the show I felt quite nervous, but my cousin and I prepared well. We answered most of the questions correctly. Finally, we got the top score and won the show. My family are all very happy.

[16-1] 1.我和父母在香港已经三天了,在这儿过得很愉快; 2.今天,我们在迪斯尼乐园度过了一整天;它是个著名的主题公园,共有四个不 同的区域,我们一一参观到了;最后,我们观看了一场烟火表演; 3.我拍了许多照片,回来后会给朋友们看。

My parents and I have been in Hong Kong for three days. We are having a good time here. Today, we spent the whole day at Disneyland. It is a famous theme park. It has four different areas. We visited all of them. At the end of the day, we watched a fireworks show. I took a lot of photos there. I will show them to my friends when I come back.

[16-2] 1.上星期六我们乘地铁去了迪斯尼乐园; 2.我们先在大门口拍照,然后参观了乐园里的四个区域;下午,当迪斯尼人物开 始游行时,我们非常激动;它是一天中最精彩的部分;游行后,我们观看了一部 4D 电影; 3.我们在乐园里待了大约八个小时,它可真是激动人心的一天。

Last Saturday we went to Disneyland by underground. First we took photos at the entrance. Then we visited the four areas inside. We were very excited when a parade of Disney characters began later in the afternoon. It was the best part of the day. After the parade, we watched a 4-D film. We stayed at the park for about eight hours. It was a really exciting day.

[17-1] l.污染是当今世界最严峻的问题之一;很多地方,垃圾被扔进了湖泊和河流;因 此,很多湖泊和河流都遭受了污染; 2.有些城市,空气中都充满了污染;这导致人们生病;和人类一样,动物们也深 受其害; 3.如果我们不行动起来保护环境,将会有更多的生物死于污染。

Pollution is one of the biggest problems in the world today. In many places, rubbish is thrown into lakes and rivers. So many of them are polluted. In some cities, the air is filled with pollution. This makes people ill. As well as people, animals are harmed by pollution. If we do not act to protect the environment, more living things will be killed by pollution.

[17-2] 1.瑞士高山环绕,湖水清澈湛蓝,非常美丽; 2.在瑞士,玻璃、塑料和纸张等物品都是分类收集,然后进行回收的;即使是旧 的衣服、鞋子都能被回收再利用; 3.政府有很多法律来保护环境;比如,人们不能砍伐树木;否则将会受到惩罚; 记住,每个人都可以做一些改变。

Switzerland is beautiful with high mountains and clean blue lakes. In Switzerland, things like glass, plastic and paper are separated into different groups and then recycled. Even old clothes and shoes can be recycled. The government has many laws to protect the environment. For example, people are not allowed to cut down trees.

Otherwise, they will be punished. Remember that everyone can do something to make a difference.

[18-1]1.扎龙自然保护区是世界上最重要的湿地之一;许多鸟儿生活在那里;湿 地里鱼很多,鸟儿很容易找到食物; 2.现在,越来越多的鸟儿因为没有足够的生存空间而处于危险当中;它们中的许 多已经死掉了; 3.中国政府想要保护这些濒危鸟类;它们在像扎龙这样的保护区会是安全的。

Zhalong Nature Reserve is one of the world's most important wetlands. Many birds live there. There are many fish in the wetland, so the birds can easily find food. More and more birds are now in danger because they do not have enough living space. Lots of them have died. The Chinese government wants to protect these endangered birds. They can be safe in reserves like Zhalong.

[18-2]1.我们喜欢观鸟;每年两次统计鸟儿的数量,以研究鸟儿在数量方面的变 化;2.现在正在邀请学生们帮忙;需要更多的人帮我们统计鸟儿的数量; 3.许多人不知道湿地的重要性;我们希望这则信息会有助于他们理解。让他们采 取行动来保护野生动物。

We like birdwatching. We do a bird count twice a year to study the changes in bird numbers. We are now inviting students to help. We need more people to help us count. Many people do not understand the importance of the wetlands. We hope this information will help them understand. It may make them take action to protect wildlife.

[19-1] 去年的第 13 题 1.地震开始时我正在图书馆里; 2.地面开始猛烈地摇晃;我试图往外跑,但玻璃碎片和砖头砸了下来,墙开始坍 塌; 3.最后,响声和摇动都停了下来; 4.我意识到自己的一条腿被卡住了;我担心没人会发现我;所以尖声呼救;好在 一条狗发现了我,有人把我拉了出去。

I was in the library when the earthquake started. The earth started to shake hard. I tried to run outside, but pieces of glass and bricks fell down, and the walls began to come down. Finally, the noise and shaking ended. I realized my leg was trapped. I was afraid that no one would find me. I screamed for help. Luckily, a dog found me and someone pulled me out.

[19-2] 1.上周三,暴风雪袭击了北京;放学后,贝蒂和她的朋友艾米合撑一把伞,走向 公交车站; 2.天气真是坏极了;突然,一阵大风从身后刮来,她们在大风中弄丢了伞,她们 俩几乎跌倒,只能在暴风雪中慢慢地走向公交车站; 3.最后,她们上了一辆公交车回家了。

A snowstorm hit Beijing last Wednesday. After school, Betty shared an umbrella with her friend, Amy, and they walked to the bus stop. The weather was really terrible. Suddenly, a strong wind came from behind. They lost their umbrella in the wind and

nearly fell over. They had to walk slowly through the storm to the bus stop. At last, they got on a bus and went home.

[20-1] 1.第一次见面,英国人通常会说""你好""或者""很高兴认识你"",与你握手; 2.在公共场合,他们举止得体;他们认为插队是无礼的行为;他们总是排队;在 家中他们也非常有礼貌; 3.""入乡随俗"";当我们在一个陌生的地方,我们的行为举止应当像当地人一样。

British people usually say "hello" or "nice to meet you" and shake your hand when they meet you for the first time. They behave politely in public. They think it's rude to push in before others. They always queue. They are very polite at home as well. "When in Rome, do as the Romans do." When we are in a strange place, we should do as the local people do.

[20-2] 1.我们能在很多地方,比如医院、博物馆、街道、公园见到各类公共标志;通常, 它们颜色鲜明,用图形表达; 2.大多数公共标志能给我们提供有用的信息;它们能帮我们找路,告诉我们周围 的地点;它们提醒我们远离危险,告诫我们不能做某事;比如,在艺术博物馆里 我们总能看到""禁止拍照""的标志。"

We can see different public signs in places like hospitals, museums, streets, and parks. They are often bright in colour and have pictures on them. Most of them give us useful information. They help us find our way and tell us about the places around us.

They keep us safe from danger and warn us not to do something. For example, we can always see the sign "No photos" in an art museum.