当前位置:首页 >> 英语学习 >>

美国部分


Unit 11 1. notorious adj.臭名昭著的; 臭名远扬的; 声名狼藉的; 恶名昭著 2. destitute adj.极度缺乏的; 贫乏的; 穷困的; 无的; n.赤贫者; vt.使穷困,使贫穷; 丧失 3. persecution n.迫害或受迫害,烦扰; 苛求,困扰 4. misdeed n.违法行为,罪恶 5. expiate vt.为(所犯罪过)接受惩罚,赎(罪) 6. scaffold n.脚手架; <史>断头台 7. torment n.折磨,痛苦; 痛苦的根源; 刑罚; vt.& vi.使折磨,使痛苦; 使烦乱; 纠缠 8. sensual adj.感觉的; 肉欲的,肉体上的; 色情的,淫荡的; 世俗的 9. manifest vt.显示,表明; 证明; 使显现; adj.明白的,明显的; n.货单,旅客名单 10. edifice n.大建筑物; 知识的结构 11. vicinity n.附近,邻近; 附近地区; 大约的程度或者数量; 〈罕〉近亲 12. congregate vt.& vi.使集合,聚集; adj.聚集的,集合的; 集体的; 集团的 13. congenial adj.意气相投的; 性格相似的; 适意的; 投缘 14. inauspicious adj.不祥的; 凶兆的; 不幸的; 倒霉的 15. petrify vt.& vi.吓呆,使麻木; vt.使吓呆,使惊呆 16. culprit n.犯人,罪犯; 肇事者,被告人 17. riotous adj.狂暴的; 狂乱的; 欢腾的; 喧闹的 18. sumptuary adj.限制费用的,禁止奢侈的 19. ignominious adj.耻辱的,屈辱的,丢脸的; adv.耻辱地,屈辱地,丢脸地; n.耻辱 20. ordeal n.严峻的考验; 苦难的经验; 折磨; 神判法 21. preternaturally adj.超自然的,异常的 22. phantasmagoric adj.幻影似的,变幻不定的 1. From 1821 to 1825, Hawthorne studied at Bowdoin College in Maine.There he was a friend of two very important figures in America, one being the later famous poet Longfellow, and the other Franklin Pierce, who was later the 14th President of the United States. 2. In 1828, Hawthorne?s first novel Fanshawe was published. 3. The publication of his first collection of short stories entitled Twice-told Tales in 1837 marked a turning point both in his career and in his personal life. 4. In 1846 , he published his second collection of short stories Mosses from an Old Manse. 5. In order to expiate the sin of his ancestors , he wrote parts of his most famous novel The Scarlet Letter. 6.Some of Hawthorne?s famous short stories are : Young Goodman Brown, The Minister’s Black Veil and Dr. Rappacini’s Daughter .

P119 Topics for Discussion 1. What is “symbol”? Discuss some symbol in Chapter I. In chapter I,the author uses several symbols to express his meanings. For example, “the black flow er of civilized” refers to “prison” “the rose bush” may serve to symbolize” some sweet moral blossom”.

2. What is the implication of the description of roses beside the prison door ? The wild rose bush is covered with its delicate gems. In other words, the roses are in full blossom. They are very beautiful and fragrant. They are in the deep heart of Nature. According to our author, it may serve to “symbolize some sweet moral blossom, that may be found along the track, or relieve the darkening close of a tale of human frailty and sorrow”. the black flower of civilized” refers to “prison”, “the rose bush” may serve to symbolize “some sweet moral blossom”. 3. What do you know about the character of Hester Prynne based on your reading of the first two chapters ? Hester Prynne is a Boston settler who commits adultery and bears a child while awaiting the arrival of her husband from Europe. Authorities require her to wear a piece of red cloth in the shape of an A (standing for adulteress) on the bodice of her dress to identify her as a sinner. She refuses to identify her partner in sin. Hester is named after the title character of an Old Testament book. In that book, Esther–a Jew who marries the King of Persia, Ahasuerus (Xerxes I)–and her cousin Mordecai persuade the king to spare the lives of Jews previously singled out for annihilation. The Jewish festival of Purim, also called the Feast of Lots, celebrates their deliverance from the Persian sword. 4. Describe the attitude of Hester Prynne in the second chapter and the attitude of the people towards her. Standing before the crowd, Hester takes the baby in her arm, and “with a burning blush and yet a h aughty smile, and a glance that would not be abashed, looked around her townspeople and Neighbors”. She is very calm. Unit 13 Emily Dickinson (艾米莉·迪金森) 1. prominent adj. 突出的,显著的;杰出的,卓越的 2. politician n. 政治家,政客 3. academy n. 学院;研究院;学会;专科院校 4. knit v. 编织;结合;皱眉 n. 编织衣物;编织法 5. well-to-do adj. 小康的;富裕的 6. observe v. 观察;遵守;注意到 7. literary adj. 文学的;书面的;精通的 8. recluse n. 隐士;隐居者 9. mythology n. 神话;神话学;神话集 10. conventional adj. 符合习俗的,传统的;常见的;惯例的 11. resemble v. 类似,像 12. hymn n. 赞美诗;圣诗 13. verse n. 诗,诗篇 v. 作诗;使精通 14. apprentice n. 学徒 v. 当学徒 15. immortality n. 不道德;无道义;伤风败俗的行为 16. outpouring n. 流露;倾泄 17. revise v. /n. 校订;修正;复习 18. kidney n. 肾脏;腰子;个性 19. punctuation n. 标点;标点符号 20. inevitable adj. 必然的;不可避免的

21. 22. 23. 24. 25. 26.

melancholy exuberance intoxication monarch thematic acclaim

adj./n. 忧郁(的) n. 丰富;茂盛;健康 n. 中毒;陶醉,喝醉 n. 君主,帝王 adj.主题的;语干的 n/v. 称赞;欢呼

1.Dickinson was born on December 10, 1839 in Amherst, Massachusetts to a prominent family. 2. Because of the strong religious atmosphere of the college, Emily refused to observe its religious customs openly and soon quitted school. 3. Emily?s retirement from the world seems mainly to have resulted from her own personality, from a desire to separate herself from the world. 4. Emily?s greatest outpouring of poems occurred in the early 1860s, and because she was so isolated, the Civil War affected her thinking very little. 5. Emily?s talent as one of the greatest writers in American literary history was rediscovered by the literary world in 1920s. 6. Nevertheless, there is no doubt that Emily is a writer of great power and beauty. 7. Emily?s subjects are love, death, nature, religion, immortality, pain, beauty, success, failure and so on. 8. It is true that Emily?s themes are universal, but her particular vantage points tend to be very personal; she rebuilt her work inside the product of her poetic imagination. 9. Although Emily?s poems are short, condensed and often based on a single image or symbol, they have unusual thematic significance and a surprisingly dense verbal texture. 10. She(Emily) is good at using fresh and original images. Because I Could Not Stop for Death 1. What image is used by the writer in this poem to depict “death”? In this poem, the poet depicts “death” as a kind gentleman. 2. What do they see along the journey? They go through school, which represents childhood; they pass through the fields of gazing grain,which represents adulthood; they pass the setting sun ,which represents the late period of a person?s life. 3. What is your reaction after reading this poem? A tomb, which is used to indicate death. Mine---by the Right of the White Election 1. How do you understand the love the woman has? The woman is very passionate. She has strong love for her beloved. 2. What do you think of the images in this poem? What are the functions of using these images? 1).White Election, The Royal Seal and all thing indicates the right of woman choose their love. 2).Insistent parallelism, and make the poet more vivid. A Narrow Fellow in the Grass 1. What is the narrow fellow in the grass? How do you know?

Throughout this poem, the poet does not name her subject so as to create a mood of surprise or wonder in the reader. The narrow fellow is “snake”. The first two stanzas paint a very vivid picture of the smooth movement of a snake in deep grass. It is used to stand for nature, or part of nature. In the last eight lines, snake is used to stand for an evil or aggressive quality in nature. 2. What is the speaker’s attitude toward it? The speaker?s attitude towards is ambivalent. On one hand ,she depicts the smooth movement of the snake. In the first part of poem, the poet expresses some admiration for the beauty and wonderful agility of the strange animal. On the other hand, in the later part, the poet warns people that they should never meet this strange fellow whether with other people or alone. The snake belongs to a distinctly alien order of existence.“Zero at the bone” indicates a metaphor for frightful and cold nothingness. I Died for Beauty---but Was Scarce 1. The poem may have derived its idea from Keats’ famous line “Beauty is truth, truth beauty.”(Ode on a Grecian Urn)What is Emily Dickinson’ s idea on truth and beauty? “Beauty is Truth, Truth Beauty ” is a quotation from Keats? s poem ―Ode on a Grecian Urn. In Dickinson? s poem she adopts Keats? romantic idea of truth and beauty. She imagines that two people are buried in ―adjoining rooms. Though they die for different reasons, they treat each other as ―brethren and ―kinsmen”. These descriptions can give us an impression that they are similar but not identical. It is understandable that sometimes, the truth is not as beautiful as we have expected. 2. Do you think beauty and truth are closely related to each other? Yes, they are closely related to each other. A man died for beauty and another died for truth, they become neighborhood and themselves are one and brother. Beauty and truth are the same kind things, and both of them stands for the bright thing. Unit 14 Mark Twain 1. journeyman n. 熟练工人;短工;学徒期满的职工 2. break out v. 爆发;突发 3. correspondent n, 通信记者;客户;通信者 4. satirize v. 讽刺;挖苦 5. permanent adj. 永久的,不变的 6. affirmative adj./n. 肯定的;积极的;肯定语 7. determinist adj./n. 决定论的;决定论者 8. result from 起因于…… 9. enormous adj. 庞大的;巨大的 10. substantial adj. 大量的 11. retrieve v./n. 检索;恢复 12. meningitis n. 脑膜炎 13. invalid adj. 无效的 14. unsurpassed adj. 非常卓越的 15. widow n. 遗孀,寡妇 v. 使成寡妇 16. drunkard n. 醉汉,酒鬼 17. dense adj. 密集的,稠密的

18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25. 26. 27. 28. 29. 30. 31. 32. 33.

scoundrel adj. 卑鄙的;n. 恶棍;流氓;无赖 spectacular adj. 壮观的,惊人的;公开展示的 depict v. 描述;描画 raft n. 救生筏; (美)大量 v. 乘筏 runaway adj. 逃亡的;逃走的 n. 逃跑;逃走的人 gentility n. 有教养,文雅;上流阶层 alienation n.异化;疏远;转让 blended adj. 混杂的;数种混合的 v. 混合(blend 的过去式和过去分词式) unpretentious adj. 谦逊的;含蓄的;不炫耀的;不铺张的 colloquial adj.白话的;通俗的;口语体的 vernacular adj. 本国的;地方的;用本地语写成的 n. 本地话,方言;动植物的俗 名 semiliterate n. 半文盲;有初等文化者 adj. 半文盲的;所知有限的 felicitous adj.恰当的;善于措辞的;幸福的 nostalgic adj. 怀旧的;乡愁的 romanticism n. 浪漫主义;浪漫精神 mythic adj. 神话的;虚构的

1. Mark Twain, whose original name was Samuel Langhorne Clemens, was born in Florida, Missouri, on November 30, 1835. 2. At the age of eighteen, Mark Twain worked as a journeyman printer in various places from St. Louis to New York. This was a typical experience and it helped him to become associated with the whole region that had not yet appeared in popular literature. 3. From 1857 to 1861 Mark Twain worked as a pilot on the Mississippi River. It was from this work that he got the idea of his pen name “Mark Twain”, a term signifying “safe water” or “two fathoms deep”. Also during this time, he began to write humorous stories for a local newspaper. 4. When the Civil War broke out, he joined the Company of Missouri Volunteers and fought for the South for a few months in 1861. 5. In 1863 he began using the name of “Mark Twain” for his stories and in 1865 he made it famous with the story entitled The Celebrated Jumping Frog of the Calaveras County. 6. In 1866 he moved back to New York and continued his work as a correspondent. 7. In 1869, he published Innocents Abroad, a book that includes a series of newspaper articles. 8. The satirizing edge of humor made him very popular with the society in the East. 9. Twain was essentially an affirmative writer. But in his late years, he changed from an optimist and humorist to a determinist. This may partly resulted from his tragic personal life. 10. In 1894, everything came crashing down. His health was broken down and his investments failed. Twain had to declare himself a bankrupt, and to sell his house in Connecticut. 11. Spending the last years of his life in Redding, Connecticut, Mark Twain died on April 21,1910.

1. Analyze the personalities of Huck. Wisdom and brave are the highlight of Huck?s personalities. When they get in the trouble during

the journey ,they solve it by Huck?s wisdom and brave. Huck desire to freedom which is the most outstanding characteristic of him. Also, he is a boy of kind and sincere. 2. Analyze the personalities of Jim. Jim is a black slave ,he is a enthusiastic. On one hand he respect the white, on the other hand he has strong eager for freedom and future. We can see the characteristic of typical black man --brave, kind, patient ,optimistic which make him become a independent man. 3. How do you understand the writer’s use of dialect in his novel? The use of dialect which makes the novel fluent and real prompts his succeed of this novel. He brings the dialect of black man and countryside woman, the literature style is different from European literature style and later it becomes his outstanding characteristics. 4. How do you understand the inner conflict of Huck in this chapter? It?s the third time that Huck appear the inner conflict. On one hand ,he think the thing that he sold by the two cheats is the his own punishment from God, and he should let Jim back to his owner. That is the true behavior he must do. On the other hand, that is the wrong behavior due to their friendship and loyalty. Finally, he makes a decision fellow his own principal---never give up Jim. Till now ,Huck can solve problem by his own principal not the social hypocrisy. The inner conflict prompts his moral progress. Unit 15 Part I New words 1. genteel a.有教养的;上层社会的 2. breach a.v.违背;违反 3. trilogy n.三部曲; 三部剧 4. shovel n.v.铁铲;铲车;铲除 5. financier v.欺骗,对......提供资金 n.金融家,投资家 6. temperament n.气质;性情;性格 7. polemical a.好辩的;好争论的 8. philosophical a.哲学的;冷静的 9. credo n.信条;教义 10. kidnap v.绑架;诱拐 11. jealous a.嫉妒的;猜忌的 12. portray v.描绘;扮演 13. panorama n.全景;全貌 14. heredity n.遗传;遗传性 15. journalistic a.新闻业的;新闻工作者 16. reiteration n.重复;反复 17. somber a.忧郁的;昏暗的 18. magnet n.磁铁;磁石 19. waif n.流浪者 Part II Sentences 1. Theodore Dreiser was born into a large, poor, religious, immigrant family at Terre Haute, Indiana on August 27, 1897. 2. One of his high school teachers recognized his talent and insisted on lending him money to

3. 4.

5.

go University of Indiana in 1889. He acquired his real education from direct personal experience and from independent reading and thinking. Sister Carrie was first published by Doubleday Page and Company in 1900. After its republication in 1907, the novel has been very popular and become one of the key words in the Dreiser Canon. In 1925,Theodore Dreiser published his masterpiece An American Tragedy.

Part III Topics for discussion 1. What is “foreshadowing”? Explain by giving some examples in chapter I. Foreshadowing is the introduction early in a story of situations, events, characters or objects that seem to have no special importance but are later revealed to have great significance. For example, in the first chapter, Drouet flatters Carrie by saying that she resembles a popular actress of the day. In a few short years Carrie will actually become a famous stage personality. 2. What’s your understanding of the title of the first chapter? Tips: The title of the first chapter is significant. It dramatizes the first meeting of Carrie and Drouet, from which readers may get some hint of their future relationship and the two characters? personality. 3. What is symbol? Explain the writer’s use of symbols. A symbol is a person, object, action, place, or event that in addition to its literal or denotative meaning suggests a more complex meaning or range of meanings. In chapter one, the writer more than once, mentioned “theatre”, “beautiful clothes”, and “resort”. They may serve to symbolize luxurious material life. 4. Comment on the characterization of sister Carrie. Tips: She is no ordinary protagonist. She is not notably courageous, honest, intelligent, or unselfish. She is the result of Dreiser?s desire to portray “life as it is”, showing imperfect humanity in an uncertain world. Unit 16 Part I New words 1. convention n.大会;惯例;约定 2. serenity n.宁静;平静;晴朗 3. deceptive a.欺骗的 4. appall v.使惊骇;减弱 5. pastoral a.牧师的;田园生活的 n.牧歌、田园诗 6. iambic a.抑扬格的 n.抑扬格 7. monologue n.独白 8. tuberculosis n.肺结核 9. queer a.奇怪的;同性恋的 v.搞糟 n.怪人 10. harness v.治理;驾驭 n.马具 11. downy a.柔和的;毛绒的 12. flake v.剥落;使......成薄片 13. diverge v.分歧;偏离 14. tread v.践踏;行走

15. sigh v.叹息;叹气 Part II Sentences 1. Robert Frost was born on March 26,1874 in San Francisco and spent his early childhood in the Far West. After the death of his father, when Frost was eleven, the family moved to Salem, New Hampshire. 2. In 1893, his grandfather sent him to Dartmouth College,but he stayed there for only one semester. 3. In 1894 he published “My Butterfly” in the Independence. One year later he married Elinor White, his former classmate. 4. In London, he soon found a publisher,and his first book, A Boy’s Will was published in 1913. 5. When Robert Frost was eighty-seven he read his poetry at the inauguration of President John F. Kennedy. 6. He received the Bollingen Prize in 1963 just before his death on January 29 at the age of 88. Part III Topics for discussion Selected reading (1). Why did the horse give the harness bell a shake? Here the writer is using personification. It indicates that the horse usually follows its route to reach its destination. But today the speakers stops suddenly, so the horse feels very strange and it wants to know the reason. On the other hand, this also indicates that the speaker does not intend to stop by the woods. He stops simply because he is attracted by the beauty of the woods. He is in effect asking himself his motivation by imagining the horse is questioning.

2. Why couldn’t the speaker stay longer by the woods to appreciate its mysterious beauty? The last stanza clearly tells us the reason why the speaker cannot stay longer. Obviously, the line is “But I have promises to Keep”. But one thing worth thinking twice is the implied meaning of the word “promises”. 3. What?s the effect,,,,,,, 4. Analyze,,,,,,, Selected reading (2). 1. Why does the speaker choose the road less traveled by? The speaker must make a choice since he cannot travel the two roads at the same time. He chooses the one less traveled by because he does not want to follow the trend; he wants to be different from others. There might be some difficulties waiting for him on the road less traveled by, but he wants to face whatever in front of him. This poem was written in 1915 just before the poet decided to leave for his homeland. At that time, his writing career was quite successful for he had already published two books of poems in London and he began winning recognition and fame. Meanwhile, Edward Thomas, one of his best friends, was involved in the First World War. So the poet thought it was very important to make wise choice in people?s life.

2. What’s the speaker’s initial response to the divergence of the two roads? The speaker feels very sorry because he cannot travel them both at the same time. So he stands there for a long time, trying to make a wise choice.

3. What might the two roads stand for on the speaker’s mind? At the beginning of this poem, the speaker tells the reader that the two roads are diverged in the woods. One of them is grassy and wanted wear. But later on he says the two roads are equally lying in leaves and it seems there is not so great a difference between them. Thus it is really not so easy to make the choice. The road less traveled by may stand for a road that common people would not want to take; whereas the other road might lead people to their destinations more easily and smoothly. Unit 17 1. energetic a.精力充沛的,积极的 2. prominent a.杰出的,卓越的 3. genteelly a.文雅的,有教养的 4. superficially ad.表面地,浅薄地 5. inferior a.差的,自卑的,n.下级,次品 6. embodiment n.体现,化身,具体化 7. instant n.瞬间,立即,片刻 a.立即的,紧急的,紧迫的 8. portray v.描述,扮演 9. dissipation n.浪费,立即,片刻 10. flaming a.燃烧的,火红的 v.燃烧,变亮 11. fountain n.喷泉,泉水,源泉 12. hood n.头巾,覆盖 v.罩上 13. spendthrift n.挥霍无度的人,浪费的人 a.挥霍无度的,浪费的 14. sanitarium n.疗养院 15. spiritually ad.在精神上 16. incurable ad.不能治愈,无可救药的 17. scriptwriter n.编剧 18. intuitively ad.直观地 19. bootlegging v.非法制造,秘密得到 n.穿靴筒,非法制造私酒 20. dazzling a.耀眼的,眼花缭乱的 21. disillusionment n.幻灭,醒悟 22. mistress n.情妇,主妇,女教师 23. funeral n.葬礼,麻烦事 a.丧葬的,出殡的 24. narrator n.叙说者,解说者 25. pretentious 自命不凡的,炫耀的,做作的 26. hollowness n.空旷。空虚,凹陷 27. worship v.崇拜,尊敬,爱慕,拜神,做礼拜 n.崇拜,礼拜,尊敬 28. splendor n.光彩壮丽,显赫 29. gratified v.使满足,使满意,使高兴 30. extravagant a.奢侈的,浪费的,过滤的,放纵的 31. party-goer n.派对参与者 32. dehumanize v.使成兽性,使失掉人性 33. sacred a.神的,神圣的,宗教的,庄严的

34. innocent 35. falseness 36. drill 37. rope 38. cluster 39. adventitious 40. grotesque 41. circumstantial 42. testimony 43. inquest 44. racy 45. pasquinade 46. coroner 47. mischief 48. endure 49. catastrophe 50. surmise 51. vague 52. instinctive 53. reassure 54. butler 55、hastily 56、wire 57、superfluous 58、defiance 59. scornful 60. solidarity 61. addenda 62. hick 63. exclamation 64. squawk 65. dismay 66. sparse 67. incessantly 68. collapse 69. unpunctual 70. ghastly 71. ajar 72. awed 73. defer 74. fumble 75. embroider 76. stiffly 77. ejaculate

n.天真的人,笨蛋 a.无辜的,无罪的,无知的 n.不忠实,虚伪,不正确 v/n.训练 n.绳,绳索 n.群,簇,丛,串 v.群聚 a.外来的,偶然的 n.奇异风格,怪异的东西 a.详细的,详尽的, n.证词,证言,证据 n.验尸,审讯,讯问 a.生动的,保持原味的,猥亵的 n.讽刺诗 验尸官 n.恶作剧,伤害,顽皮,无知 v.忍耐,容忍,持续 n.大灾难,大祸,惨败 v.猜测,认为 a.模糊的,含糊的 a.本能地 v.使……安心 n.男管家,仆役长 ad.匆忙地,急速地 n.电线,电报 a.多余的,不必要的,奢侈的 n.蔑视,挑战,反抗 a.轻视的 n.团结,团结一致 n.附录,附加物 n.乡下人,反应迟钝的人,土头土脑的人,a.乡下的,乡巴佬的,愚蠢的 n.感叹,惊叫,惊叹词 n.抗议,叫声,诉苦,故障 n.沮丧,灰心,惊慌 v.使沮丧,使惊慌 a.稀疏的,稀少的 ad.不停地,不间断地 n.倒塌,失败,衰竭 v.倒塌,瓦解,使崩溃 a.不准时的 a.可怕的,惨白的,ad.恐怖地,惨白地 a.半开的,微开的,不和谐的,ad.半开地,微开地,不协调地 a.充满敬畏的,畏怯的 v.使……敬畏,使……惊叹 v.延期,推迟 v.摸索,笨拙地做 v.刺绣,装饰,镶边,绣花 ad.生硬地,顽固地,呆板地 v.突然说出,射出

78. unrestrained a.自然的,无限制的,放纵的 79. liquor n.酒,溶液,烈酒 v.喝酒,灌酒 80. partition n.划分,分开,隔离物,v.分割,分隔,区分 81. interior n.内部,本质 a.内部的,国内的,本质的 82. scrutinize v.细阅,详细检查,细看 n.仔细或彻底检查 83. tunelessly ad.不和谐地,不成调子的 84. whistle n.口哨,汽笛 v.吹口哨,鸣汽笛 85. unmistakable a.明显的,不会弄错的 86. indignantly ad.愤怒地,愤慨地 87. scold v.责骂,叱责 88. vanish v.消失,突然不见,使不见,使消失 89. reverent a.虔诚的,恭敬的,尊敬的 90. gutter n. (路边)排水沟 ;(屋顶的)天沟 ; 贫民窟 vt. 形成沟或槽于 …; 为 … 装檐槽 ` vi. 在沟槽或小溪中流淌;淌蜡;(烛火)风中摇晃 91. partnership n. 伙伴关系;合伙人身份;合作关系;合营公司 92. nostril n. 鼻孔 93. quiver v. 微颤,抖动 94. stuck v. 刺(stick 的过去式及过去分词) adj. 动不了的;被卡住的;被…缠住的 95. sentimental adj. 伤感的;多愁善感的;感情用事的;寓有情感的 96. drizzle vi. 下蒙蒙细雨,下毛毛雨 n. 蒙蒙细雨,毛毛雨 97. excitedly adv. 兴奋地,激动地;勃然;兴冲冲 98. crack vt. 破裂,打开;(使…)开裂;说(笑话);开瓶 vi. 断裂,折断;碎裂声,爆裂声;镜子破裂了;失去控制,衰退 n. 裂缝;试图;缝隙;(可听到响声的)重击 99. admiration n. 钦佩,赞美;引人赞美的人或物;怀着对…的赞美 100. lingeringly adv. 延迟地,逗留不去地 101. rag n. 破布;碎布;破旧衣服;碎片 vt. 嘲笑,捉弄;糟蹋,欺负;指责,欺负人 102. minister n. 大臣;部长;公使;牧师 vi. 辅助,服侍;执行牧师职务 103. limousine n. 豪华轿车;大型豪华轿车;接送旅客的交通车 104. wagon n. 四轮的运货马车;英铁路货车;美小手推车;囚车 vt. 用运货马车运输货物 105. cemetery n. 墓地,公墓 . 106. unroll vt. vi. 展开;铺开;展现;显示 107. resentment n. 愤恨,不满 108. murmur n. 咕哝,发牢骚;低声的抱怨;低声说话 vt. vi. 小声说 vi. 发出连续而低沉的声音;私下抱怨 109. vivid adj. 生动的;(记忆、描述等)清晰的;(人的想像)丰富的;(光、颜色等... 110. gaiety n. 快乐;高兴;作乐;花哨 111. chatter vi. 唠叨,喋喋不休;(鸟等)鸣,啁啾;(牙齿,机器等)振动,打颤;运... vt. 不加思索地说出 n. 闲聊;咔哒声;(动物的)啁啾声;潺潺流水声 112. brace vt. 支撑;系紧;准备,预备;振作起来 vi. 准备好;支持;打起精神 n. 支持物;铁钳,夹子;[语]大括号;绷紧(身体部位的)肌肉 113. dim adj. 暗淡的,昏暗的;不光明的;看不清的;(性质和特征上)不显著的 vt. vi. (使)变暗淡;(使)变模糊;(使)减弱;变淡漠

n. 笨蛋,傻子 114. vestibules n. 门厅;前厅;美火车车厢末端的连廊;解前 vt. 为…设置门廊;以通廊连接 115. unutterably n. 门厅;前厅;美火车车厢末端的连廊;解前庭 vt. 为…设置门廊;以通廊连接 116. prairie n. (尤指北美的)大草原,大牧场;草原地带;〈美方〉林中空地 117. frosty adj. 严寒的;霜冻的;冷淡的;灰白的 118. holly n. 冬青(常绿灌木,叶尖而硬,有光泽,冬季结红色浆果) 119. wreath n. 花环;花圈;(烟、云等的)圈状物;环状物 v. 环绕 120. complacent adj. 自满的;自鸣得意的;踌躇满志;志得意满 121. dwelling n. 住处,处所;寓所;居住 v. 居住,住( dwell 的现在分词) 122. subtly adv. 隐隐约约地 123. swollen adj. 膨胀的;肿起的;涨满 v. 增强,肿胀,鼓起(swell 的过去式和过去分词) 124. sullen adj. 愠怒的,不高兴的;(天气)阴沉的;悲哀的;行动缓慢的 125. overhang vt. 伸突出,伸出;逼近,威胁;用悬挂物装饰 vi. 悬垂;逼近 n. 突出物;延伸量,伸出量;[航]突出船首(或船尾);(无法兑换黄金的... 126. lusterless adj. 没有光泽的,没有光彩的 127. foreground n. 前景;突出的地方, 最显著的位置 128. stretcher n. 担架;延伸器;顺边砖;框架结构的横档 129. laundry n. 洗衣店,洗衣房;洗好的衣服;待洗的衣服;洗熨 130. obliging adj. 乐于助人的;有礼貌的 v. 迫使做( oblige 的现在分词);施惠 131. jaunt n. 游览 vi. 去游览 132. nevertheless adv. 然而;尽管如此;不过;仍然 conj. 然而;尽管如此 133. damn adv. 非常;(表示厌烦)该死;讨厌;十足 vt. 诅咒;谴责,指责;使…失败;[永世受罚,定罪 vi. 诅咒;咒骂 134. tremendously adv. 极大地;极端地;极其;非常 135. interference n. 干涉,干扰,冲突;介入;妨碍,打扰,阻碍物;冲突,抵触 136. unutterable adj. 说不出的;难以形容的;说不出口 137. smash vt. 打碎;撞击;猛扣(球等) vi. 被击碎;扣球,抽杀 138. silly adj. 蠢的;糊涂的;不明事理的;没头脑的 n. (常用于向孩子指出其愚蠢行为)傻孩子,淘气鬼;傻子,蠢货 139. investigate vt. 调查;审查;研究 vi. 作调查 140. incoherent adj. 思想不连贯的,语无伦次的;支离破碎的;夹七夹八;不相干 141. obscene adj. 淫秽的;下流的;猥亵的;可憎的 142. pander vi. 勾引, (为…)拉皮条;怂恿,帮助(…)做(坏事);煽动;迎合 n. 拉皮条者;勾引者;帮人做坏事的人 143. whisper vt. 低声说;私语;密谈,密谋坏事;私下说 vi. 沙沙地响;耳语;密谈 n. 低语,耳语;飒飒声;[医]嗫音;传闻 144. transitory adj. 不持续的;短暂的,转瞬即逝的;朝露 145. compel vt. 强迫,迫使;强制发生,使不得不 1. Fitzgerald was born in St. Paul, Minnesota on September 24,1896. 2. After 1918, he felt hopelessly in love with Zelda Sayre, an embodiment of his romantic notions of a Southern beauty. 3. His first novel, This Side of Paradise, was accepted for publication in March 1920.

4. This Side of Paradise portrays the casual dissipations of “flaming youth”, the life style of a new generation of the twenties of the century, known as the “Jazz Age”. 5. In 1922, he published his second novel, The Beautiful and Damned. 6. In desperation he and Zelda went to France in 1924 where they joined the young American artists and writers known as the Lost Generation. 7. There in 1925 he wrote his best novel The Great Gatsby which deals symbolically with the frustration and despair resulting from the failure of the American Dream. 8. During this period Fitzgerald wrote some fine short stories and the novel Tender is the Night. 9. In 1937, he recovered enough to work as a scriptwriter for films in Hollywood. 10. The last Tycoon, a novel about Hollywood and the film industry. 11. He finished the sixth chapter when he died of a heart attack on December 21, 1940. 12. Fitzgerald?s fiction reveals the hollowness of the American worship of riches and the unending American dream of love, splendor and gratified desires and shows what American meant in terms of the reckless 1920s. 13. The Great Gatsby reveals the falseness of ideals and moves toward disillusion. Part III 1. Do you think Gatsby deserve to be called “Great”? 1 No, I don`t think so. Gates compares in order to pursue the black eyebrow coloring alizarin red to exhaust own sentiment and the ability and wisdom, finally ruined own life. He lost himself in the hypocrisy society and deceive his father. 2. Based on your reading, what kind of person o you think Gatsby’s father is? “Whenever you feel like criticizing any one,' he told me, 'just remember that all the people in this world haven't had the advantages that you've had.” His father always told him to be a good man. And his father is a kind person who is poor but wise. 3. What does Gatsby’s schedule reveal about him and how does it relate to the American Dream? The Gates ratio is the 20's models American youth. He naively thought that, Had the money to be able to revive an old dream, redeems the love which lost. But he looked at mistakenly black eyebrow coloring alizarin red this vulgar superficial woman. He looked at mistakenly on the surface the debauchery but the spiritual sky empty bored society. He lives in the illusion, is gotten rid by the black eyebrow coloring alizarin red, is desolate for the society, finally has cast the tragedy which is unable to recall. The author makes a masterly opening move, compared to the girl which is in love treats as Gates the youth, the money and the status symbol, treats as the method pursue wealthy material life "the American dream". The novel described for the 20's through the perfect artistic form to sell "the American dream" which liquor nouveau riche Gates compared pursues vanishing, has promulgated the American society's tragedy. 4. Comment on the use of the first person narrator in the novel. The author uses first person narrative, as if everything that happened in the book are Nick's personal experiences, which makes it no frills and credible comfortable feeling to readers. Nick pertinent had pointed out society false and the heartless, caused the reader compared to the American dream necessity which pursued to be disillusioned regarding Gates had the profound

impression. Unit 18 1. auspices v. 赞助,支持 2. uneven adj. 不平坦的,自满,自得 3. razor n. 剃刀 4. desperate adj. 绝望地,危机的,极端 5. in accordance with 与…一致,按照,依据 6. maple n.槭树 7. locust n.蝗虫,蝉 8. elm n.榆树 9. rubber n. 橡胶 10. bloated adj. 发胀的,浮肿的,傲慢的 11. apparition n. 鬼怪,幽灵 12. asphalt n. 沥青 13. irritable adj.易怒的,急躁的 14. turban n.女用头巾 15. bundle n.包裹,包袱 16. tied up 拴牢 17. blacken adj. 熏制的 18. sunken adj. 下沉的 19. lane n.小巷 20. ditch n.沟渠 21. rigid adj. 刚硬的,坚硬的 22. uptilt vt. 使向上倾斜 23. lean v. 倾斜,倾向 24. yawl n.小帆船,小渔船 25. jail n.监狱 26. whisky n. 轻便马车 27. Marshal n. 元帅,司仪 28. bump vt. 撞伤 29. nigger n. 黑鬼,社会地位低下的人 30. ledge n. 壁架 31. stark adj. 僵硬的,僵直的 32. swell v. 膨胀,肿胀,鼓起 33. apron n. 围裙 34. vine n. 葡萄,藤蔓 35. dodge v. 闪开,躲开,躲避 36. riddance vt. 摆脱,解脱,解除,清除 37. kin n. 家族,亲属 38. slit v. 切开,撕开 39. pallet n. 床垫 40. curl vt. 缠绕,使卷曲 41. pistol n. 水枪 42. rack v. 折磨

43. 44. 45. 46. 47. 48. 49. 50. 51. 52. 53. 54. 55.

56. 57. 58. 59. 60. 61. 62. 63. 64. 65. 66. 67. 68. 69. 70. 71. 72. 73. 74. 75. 76. 77. 78. 79. 80. 81. 82. 83.

yonder prep. 在那里,在远处 hush up vi. 静下来,沉默下来 maw n. 胃,嘴 spill out (使)溢出、溅出 get aholt of (get holt of 找到某物以供使用;周到某人) elbow n.肘部;弯头;扶手 vt.推挤;用手肘推开 yawl=you ain?t=are/am not 不是 lane n.小巷、航线、车道 pasture n.草地,牧场 Holler n.叫喊 vi.抱怨,发牢骚 ditch .沟渠 fence n.栅栏;围墙;剑术 vt.防护;用篱笆围住;练习剑术 vi.击剑;搪塞;跳过栅栏 lamp n.灯 vt.照亮 vi.发亮 wick n.灯芯 emptied adj.耗尽的 blaze n.火焰;光辉 bundle n.捆 barbed adj.有刺的;讽刺的 cabin n.小屋;客舱 hiding n.隐匿;殴打 chimney n.烟囱 wringing adj.湿透的 wrist n.手腕 popcorn n.爆米花 popper n.炮手;爆米花机 popping adj.间歇的;凸出的 barred adj.被禁止的;有条纹的 dangling adj.悬挂的;摇摆的 chin n.下巴 hog n.猪 nonsense n.胡说;废话 adj.荒谬的 reckon v.估计 bedtime n.就寝时间 coffin n.棺材 insurance n.保险 tangled adj.紊乱的;纠缠的 nigger n.黑鬼 tattle n.闲谈 retain vt. 保持;留在心中,记住;雇用;付定金保留 intellectual adj. 智力的;有才智的;需用智力的;智力发达的

n. 知识分子;脑力劳动者;有极高智力的人;凭理智(而非感情)办事的人 1. Faulkner was born on September 25,1897 in New Albany, Mississippi and raised in nearly Oxford where he spent most of his life. 2. He attended the University of Mississippi as a special student from 1919 to 1920, with high marks in French and Spanish but a failure in English. 3. He held odd jobs in New York and Oxford for brief period. 4. His first novel Soldier’s Pay was accepted by the publishers in 1926. 5. In 1950, he won the Nobel Prize for Literature. 6. In 1954, he attended the International Writer?s Conference in Brazil. 7. He also made a round-the-world trip under the auspices of the state government. 8. In 1955 he received the National Book Award and the Pulitzer Prize for A Fable. 9. But his fiction is uneven in quality as its dependence on context often declines into stylistic and moral complacency. 10. In 1957-58 he was writer-in-residence at the University of Virginia, and in 1960 he was employed until he died at home of a heart attack on July 6, 1962. 11. ??That Evening Sun?? is one of the best short stories written by Faulkner. 12. By depicting the tragic, the author shows the great sympathy for the black women in general. 13. The story is written from the point of view of the three children. 14. Their different attitudes towards Nancy?s feeling and experience are in accordance with their different personalities, which fully depicted in The Sound and the Fury. Unit 18 1. Why is Nancy so scared? When Nancy learned her husband returned to the town from other black, she is so scared, especially when she saw her bloody dog bones lying on the table. Because her husband is threaten to kill her. 2. How do you understand the relationship between Nancy and her husband? Her husband disrespect her and think she is a bitch because she pregnant but he is not the father of the baby. He was unable to vent their anger and hatred through other ways but to his spleen on his wife. Nancy not only suffered from the white man, and bear her husband's punishment. 3. Comment on the point of view used by the writer in this short story. It`s reveal Miserable condition in the struggle of black and racial oppression. If we say that Nancy was a victim of racism and male chauvinism, so there is no doubt that her husband are also the victims of racism.


赞助商链接
相关文章:
英美概况美国部分
英美概况美国部分_英语学习_外语学习_教育专区。陈都呕心沥血之作 Lecture one: Geography and People Location : Situated in the central part of North America ...
美国部分国家机构英文及简称
美国部分国家机构英文及简称_军事/政治_人文社科_专业资料。美国联邦调查局,是世界著名的美国最重要的情报机构之一,隶属于美国司法部,英文全称 Federal Bureau of In...
美国部分变态导师列表(完整版,按学校整理)
美国部分变态导师列表(完整版,按学校整理)_院校资料_高等教育_教育专区。美国...据《自然》网站消息,美国杜克大学生物化学教授 Homme Hellinga 因涉嫌学术 不端...
新编英美概况——名词解释(美国部分)
新编英美概况——名词解释(美国部分)_英语学习_外语学习_教育专区。国家概况 1. From “a Melting Pot ” to “a Salad Bowl” Though the days of mass ...
美国部分
3页 免费 美国文学重点 4页 免费如要投诉违规内容,请到百度文库投诉中心;如要提出功能问题或意见建议,请点击此处进行反馈。 美国部分 美国文学知识美国文学知识隐藏...
美国地理部分
美国地理部分_英语学习_外语学习_教育专区。英美文学--美国地理美国部分 chapter 13 geography 地理位置 1.Alaska and Hawaii are the two newest states in America...
美国部分13
美国部分13_英语学习_外语学习_教育专区。复习重点美国部分 chapter 13 geography 地理位置 1.Alaska and Hawaii are the two newest states in American.Alaska nor...
英概美国部分练习题
American History (1900-1945) 美国历史(1900-1945) Economic growth in the early 20th century 20 世纪早期的经济增长 20 世纪早期,美国经济增长的特点: 第一,...
美国部分 年份
英美概况 美国部分 年份 1803 1867 1819 1889 1959 1836 1845 1846 1620 秋 1621 1492 1607 1607-1733 1775.4.19-1783.9.3 1774 1775.4.19 1775.3.23 ...
美国部分概况3
美国部分概况1Microsoft... 美国部分概况2 美国部分概况5Microsoft...1/2 相关...是由总部位于美国新泽西州普林斯顿市的美国教育考试服务中心 (Educational Testing ...
更多相关标签: