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【寻规找矩】请观察下列句子, 注意主 语从句的用法。 1. That the earth travels round the sun is a well-known fact. 2. It is uncertain whether the artist can do it or not. 3. Who will act the lead in the play has not been decided yet.

4. Where the young man has gone is not known. 5. It is not yet decided when and where the test will be given.

【归纳总结】 1.引导主语从句的词有 连词that, whether;连接代词who, whose, whom, whoever, what, which等; 连接副词where, when, whenever, wherever, how, why等。 2. 有时用it作形式主语,将主语从句后 置。

【常见错误展示】下列各句均有一处 错误,请改正并分析错误的原因。 1. Light travels faster than sound is common knowledge. That that虽无词义但引导主语从句位于
句首时不能省略。

2. Whether she’s coming or not If doesn’t matter much.
if, whether都可表示“是否”, 但if不能引 导位于主句之前的主语从句,它可以引导 位于主句之后带有形式主语it的主语从句。

3. That the professor said is of great What importance.
that引导主语从句时无词义。What the professor said表示“教授所说的”。

4. Where will the trees be planted has not been decided.
将will置于trees之后。主语从句要 用陈述句语序。

5. No Whoever breaks the rule will matter who be punished.
引导让步状语从句时二者可互换,但引 导名词性从句时只能用whoever。

6. When and where the meeting will be held still remain a question. remain
主语从句表示单一概念时,谓语要用 单数形式。

7. What were your problems a year ago has have become mine. now
has要改为have。主语从句表示复 数概念时,谓语要用复数形式。

8. It was requested that everyone (should) make a speech at the meeting. made
在“It is requested / ordered / suggested + that从句”中,从句要用虚拟语气, 即谓语用“should + 动词原形”, should可省略。

1. ____ wants to stay in a hotel has to pay their own way. (浙江 2008) A. Anyone B. The one C. Whoever D. Who 2. ____ matters most in learning English is enough practice.(2007 全国 卷Ⅱ) A. What B. Why C. Where D. Which

3. ____ fashion differs from country to country may reflect the cultural differences from one aspect. (上海 2002 春) A. What B. That C. This D. Which 4. ____ we’ll go camping tomorrow depends on the weather. (NMET 1996) A. If B. Whether C. That D. Where

5. After Yang Liwei succeeded in circling the earth, ___ our astronauts desire to do is walk in space. (2004 上海) A. where B. what C. that D. how 解析: what 引导主语从句,在从句中 做do 的宾语

6. The other day, my brother drove his car down the street at __ I thought was a dangerous speed. (2004 上海) A. as B. which C. what D. that
解析: I thought 是插入语,可以把它去掉 不考虑. what 引导宾语从句,在从 句中作主语.宾语从句作at的宾语.

7. ___ in the regulations that you should not tell other people the password of your email account.(2005 上海) A. What is required B. What requires C. It is required D. It requires 解析: “It is required that …”是一个 固定句式,it作形式主语, that 引导的从句为真正的主语。

8. ___ the 2000 Olympic Games will be held in Beijing is not known yet. [高考真题] A. Whenever B. If C. Whether D. That 答案是C。“2000年奥林匹克运动会 是否在北京举行还不知道。”

9. ___ he said at the meeting astonished everybody present. A. What C. The fact [高考真题] B. That D. The matter

答案是A。“他在会上的发言使到会 的每一个人都感到惊讶” what 表示 “(所说的话)” ,相当于The words (that + /which) he said at the meeting…

10. ___ leaves the room last ought to turn off the light. [高考真题] A. Anyone B. The person C. Whoever D. Who
答案是C。“谁最后离开房间应关 灯。”whoever意为“无论谁”, 引导主语 从句, 并在从句中作主语。若选A或B, anyone或the person 后应回who, 使其成为 由who引导的定语从句, 修饰anyone 或 person. 注:这些词还可引导副词性从句。

11. ___ he has become a rich man is known to all in our town. [高考真题] A. Because B. That C. / D. What
答案是B。“他变成了富翁, 这是我们 镇上下班人人皆知的事。”根据句意, 须用that 引导的主语从句。that 在从 句中不担任任何成分, 只起连接作用。

12. ___ I need is more time. A. That B. What C. / D. Which

答案是B。“我所需要的是更多的时 间。” 根据题意, 应选what 引志的主语 从句, what在职从句中作宾语(what = the thing which).主语从句的关联词不能 省略, 故排除C。which 表示“哪一个”, that 无词义, 都与句意不符, 故排除。


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