武昌区 2015 届高三年级元月调研考试 英 语 试 卷2015/1/19
第一部分：听力（共两节，满分 30 分） 做题时，先将答案划在试卷上。录音内容结束后，你将有两分钟的时间将试卷上的答案转涂到答题卡上。 第一节（共 5 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 7.5 分） 1. Why does the woman arrive late for work? A. Sh
e was caught in a traffic jam. B. Her car wasn't working well. C. She can't ride a bike fast. 2. What will the man do this evening? A. Eat out. B. Meet the woman. C. Attend a meeting. 3. What did the woman help the man do yesterday? A. Give a presentation. B. Meet a customer. C. Fill in a form. 4. What are the speakers talking about? A. How John hurt his knee. B. When the basketball game began. C. Whether John will play in a game. 5. What is the woman going to do next? A. Consult a map. B. Ask someone in Angell Hall. C. Follow the man to the headmaster's office. 第二节（共 15 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 22.5 分） 听第 6 段材料，回答第 6 至 7 题。 6. Who is responsible for deliveries in the company at present? A. Jennings Motors. B. Eric George. C. Tom Smith. 7. When will the package be delivered? A. Next Tuesday B. Next Monday. C. Today. 听第 7 段材料，回答第 8 至 9 题。 8. What are the speakers mainly talking about? A. Advice on cloning. B. Their position on human cloning. C. The methods to do human cloning. 9. What does the man think of cloning? A. It is against nature. B. It is harmful to people. C. It will help people a lot. 听第 8 段材料，回答第 10 至 12 题。 10. Why does the man dislike tests? A. He is afraid of taking tests. B. He has to spend a lot of time reviewing. C. He is always punished by the teachers for failing tests. 11. What does the man think the teachers should do? 高三英语试题 第 1 页 （共 8 页）
A. Give students more time to finish a test. B. Help students relax before taking a test. C. Change the way of testing. 12. What does the woman think of the man's idea? A. It is worth trying. B. It is difficult to carry out. C. It is helpful for students' study. 听第 9 段材料，回答第 13 至 16 题。 13. What kind of food did Simon's favorite restaurant serve? A. Indian B. Scottish. C. Mexican. 14. Where does Simon like to buy menus best? A. On the Internet. B. In shops. C. From magazines. 15. What does Simon think of the price of some collectors' things on the Internet? A. Too high. B. Quite reasonable. C. Quite cheap. 16. Which of Simon's menus is worth the most money? A. One signed by famous Hollywood actors in 1928. B. One from restaurant owned by a famous singer. C. One specially made to celebrate a sporting event. 听第 10 段材料，回答第 17 至 20 题。 17. Where are the listeners now? A. In Los Angeles. B. In Hong Kong. C. In New York. 18. What does the speaker say about the flight? A. It will take off in 10 minutes. B. It belongs to American Airlines. C. There will be some uncertain conditions on the way. 19. When will the flight probably take off? A. At 6:00 p.m. 20. What is the weather like in L.A. now? A. Sunny and hot B. Rainy and cloudy. C. Stormy and cold. 第二部分：词汇知识运用（共两节，满分 40 分） 第一节：多项选择（共 10 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 10 分） 从 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项，并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 21. Over the years, people have learned from ants that teamwork and perseverance are indeed two key ______ to success. A. certificates B. ingredients C. approaches D. instructions 22. A 19-year-old teenager from Guangdong nicknamed Niko demanded an apology from Youku, which he believed violated their copyrights as it used his team's photos without ______. A. commitment B. approval C. recognition D. reservation 23. Los Angeles Times reported that researchers may have found a way to ______ human life by changing certain genes, so that humans might expect to live twice as long. A. extend B. preserve C. multiply D. transform 高三英语试题 第 2 页 （共 8 页） B. At 10:00 a.m. C. At 6:00 a.m.
24. All work and no play makes Jack a dull boy, which suggests that work and play do not ______ but promote each other. A. condemn A. got away ______ a better world. A. taking over you may well offend your audience. A. diverse materials. A. artificial A. aggressively A. at the mercy of B. primitive B. deliberately B. at the risk of C. relevant C. tentatively D. ample D. definitely 29. Loud music like hip hop can make a driver drive far more ______, braking harder and accelerating faster. 30. The way he acted towards people was to keep on good terms with them ______ principle, which was usually thought little of. C at the expense of D. at the bottom of B. sensitive C. abstract D. original 28. From the course of human development, the ultimate aim of the human race is to pursue the spiritual joy based on ______ B. adapting to C. making for D. fitting into 27. No matter bow much knowledge you have, if your subject is at all ______, be careful when discussing it during your speech, or B. convert B. took up C. contradict C. held on D. confirm D. stood out 25. The young man ______with honesty and won the judges in the interview, as a result, he was admitted to the foreign company. 26. Having manners shows good character, consideration and respect for others, taking you where degrees and money cannot and
第二节：完形填空（共 20 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 20 分） 阅读下面短文，从短文后所给各题的四个选项（A、B、C 和 D）中，选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项，并在答题卡上 将该项涂黑。 “When we feel love and kindness toward others, it not only makes others feel loved and cared for, but it helps us also to develop inner happiness and peace.” As we live through life, we tend to get caught up in our individual world, our problems — our life. When we to include others in a meaningful way, by making a 32 Think back on a time when someone made a difference in your life. Here is one of mine: I was going to college, working part-time, and just local supermarket, I wasn’t 38 34 I did not have enough money to pay; without stranger in a(an) 39 36 33 getting by financially. Standing in line at a 35 , I discovered that 37 the difference. It a woman in the same line, thinking that she was not very attractive. As I was , that same woman I had been judging offered to 40 31 our world difference in their life, we increase our experience at the same time.
, but what that person did made a lasting impression on me. She was a beautiful, caring soul who was willing to help a situation. That happened over forty years ago and I remember it as 41 42 as if it was yesterday. 43 , which encouraged me to 46 my day. I've often wondered if it was
Other examples are the numerous times I have had people smile at me, which because I was smiling, which I There are 45 smile as well. It has probably been some of both. In 44
to do all the time, or because they were smiling to be
case, that simple gesture (a smile) makes a difference in my day. 47 go far beyond the energy
ways to make a significant difference in another's life. The question is: Are we doing it? It does not
anything, but it does require some effort on our part. I have found that as I do this consistently, the 48 the other person to raise their vibration aS well — it is Make a difference in someone's life today, and doing so. bravo! 31. A. rebuild 32. A. direct 33. A. thoroughly 34. A. observed 35. A. hanging out 36. A. expectation 37. A. deal with 38. A. much B. establish B. minor B. smoothly B. witnessed B. checking out B. hesitation B. take in B. enough C. expand C. remarkable C. barely C. inspected C. setting out C. assumption C. make up C. little D. develop D. positive D. actually D. accompanied D. working out D. intention D. cut down D. awful 50 49 to each other.
required to do the deed. Looking for ways to brighten another person's day raises our vibration( 共鸣),and when we act on it, we doing so every day. Today is a perfect time to start! If you are already
高三英语试题 第 3 页 （共 8 页）
39. A. urgent 40. A. roughly 41. A. brightens 42. A. undertook 43. A. dynamic 44. A. neither 45. A. limited 46. A. deserve 47. A. efforts 48. A. assist 49. A. similar 50. A. admit
B. absurd B. clearly B. ruins B. tried B. appealing B. either B. vital B. charge B. achievements B. remind B. beneficial B. prefer
C. hopeless C. correctly C. begins C. promised C. friendly C. no C. necessary C. determine C. returns C. permit C. fundamental C. recommend
D. embarrassing D. dimly D. influences D. failed D. merciful D. another D. countless D. cost D. consequences D. persuade D. appropriate D. consider
第三部分：阅读理解（共 20 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 40 分） 阅读下列短文，从每篇短文后所给各题的四个选项（A、B、C 和 D）中，选出最佳选项，并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 A While growing up in Jersey in the 1960s, I always seemed to be building things. One summer I build a model car with my father. It was a simple affair, and as a capable 12-year-old, I could have easily done it alone. But my father spent the time together with me, and before I knew it, we were both out in the garage, working away. I wish I had thought about this when I was raising my first son. We never built anything together. Oh, we had a lot of fun, for sure. But we never undertook a common work of our hands. A few years ago, when Anton, my second son, asked if we could build a treehouse in the big silver maple behind our house, his suggestion immediately reminded me of the memory. Yes, I thought. Of course. My second chance. And so, one day while Anton was in school and I had some free time, I bought some wood. But one thing led to another and we got only as far as the ladder and a simple platform. His vision for the treehouse was not fulfilled that summer, and the three following summers saw me involved with other things. In the middle of our quiet supper last night, I looked at Anton, a high school student now and asked, “Anton, a re you still interested in finishing the treehouse?” “Sure, Dad,” he said, and within that “sure” was contained, perhaps, his own self-awareness of a childhood to which he was still attached. We continued where we had left off. I was surprised at how good a worker Anton had become. Where four years ago all he could really do with confidence was hammer nails, now he was measuring and cutting. In one moment that took my breath away, he attempted to center a support beam(支撑梁)while looking to me for direction. “Is it centered, Dad?” I waved him a little to the right. Then a little more. Then I said. “Perfect.” And it was perfect. As was this second chance, I finally realized that my father hadn't had to help me build that model car in 1966. He wanted to. And that made all the difference. 51 Not having built anything together with his first son, the author felt _____. A. disappointed B. satisfied C. regretful D. relieved 52. Why didn't they finish building the treehouse at first? A. It was too hot those summers. B. Anton wasn't confident enough. C. They gradually lost interest in it. D. They were both occupied with other things. 53 From the fourth paragraph, we can see that the father _____. A. was proud of his son C. felt content with the treehouse 54. It can be inferred that the author realized _____. A. the quiet passing of childhood B. the difficulty in raising children C. the children's dependence on their father 高三英语试题 第 4 页 （共 8 页） B. missed the last chance D. hoped to finish the work perfectly
D. the significance of undertaking a common work with children B The Sieferts are the kind of environmentally conscious family who has solar panels atop their home. They use timers on their kids' showers and have planted drought-tolerant landscaping. But they feel kind of guilt. “I haven’t thought about the pool as much as I probably should,” said Annette Siefert. As California's drought worsens, swimming pools have become a target for those who think the classic backyard greens waste water. Some water districts have banned new pools from being filled and have limited how much water existing pools can use. But some of those agencies are walking back the rules as they make a surprising discovery: Pools aren't the water wasters some have made them out to be. Analyses by various water districts, along with scientific studies, conclude that pools and their surrounding landscapes use about the same amount of water as a lawn(草坪) of the same size. Over time, pools might even use less water. With pool covers, experts say water evaporation(蒸发)can be cut by almost half, making pools significantly less wasteful than grass and about as efficient as drought-tolerant landscaping. Facing complaints over a recent ban on filling pools, the Santa Margarita Water District conducted its own water-use analysis. It found that pools require thousands of gallons of water to fill initially, but they use about 8,000 gallons less water than a traditional landscape after that. By the third year, the analysis found, the savings add up, and a pool's cumulative water use falls below that of a lawn. Water agencies such as the Los Angeles Department of Water and Power have come to similar conclusions. Armed with new information, Santa Margarita Water District officials will reconsider their ban next week. “We want to respect the people's rights to use their property. There are many families we know tha t have saved for pools,” said Jonathan Volzke, spokesman for the 155,000-customer district. “But at the same time, the reality around us is that we're in the third year of a serious drought, and we don't know if we're in the third year of a three-year drought or the third year of a 10-year drought.” 55. Annette Siefert feels guilty mainly because of ______. A. being a typical water waster B. the water-use of their swimming pool C. her control over her kids' showers at home D. the construction of the drought-tolerant landscaping 56. According to analyses and scientific studies, a swimming pool ______. A. had belter be filled up in the beginning B. becomes more efficient against drought C. isn't what people think to be wasteful of water D. consumes more water than a lawn of the same size 57. What does Jonathan Volzke try to express in the last paragraph? A. He expects the serious drought to come to an end. B. He thinks highly of those who have saved for pools. C. He appeals for reasonable use of the swimming pools. D. He tries to maintain the right to use the swimming pools. 58. What would be the best title for the passage? A. Water Crisis In California B. Strict Ban On Filling Pools C. The Sieferts—Real Environmentalists? D. Pools—A Big Factor During Drought? C In 1932 the warning of the British politician, Stanley Baldwin, that “the bomber will always get through” made a deep impression in Britain, the only state to make serious plans to evacuate civilians from large towns before the war started. The British Government developed plans for evacuating 1 million children to the United States and Canada and other Commonwealth nations. It established the Children's Overseas Reception Board (CORB) in May 1940. After the fall of France, many people thought the war was lost and some saw this as one way of ensuring that Britain could survive even if invaded. The Germans eventually began bombing British cities in September. Some children were evacuated by ship to British 高三英语试题 第 5 页 （共 8 页）
Dominions, including Australia, Canada, New Zealand, and South Africa. The CORB selections were not done on a first-come, first-served basis. CORB classified and prioritized the children. Charges soon appeared in the press that the well-to-do were being given priority. CORB arranged for the transportation. The Government paid the passages. Quite a number of children had already been evacuated. This tended to be children from rich families with money and overseas contacts. The British public eventually demanded the government pay so that less privileged children were also eligible. World War II occurred before the beginning of trans-Atlantic air travel. Liners were used to transport the children and this proved to be dangerous because the U-boats quickly emerged as the greatest threat. And this put the evacuee children trying to cross the Atlantic to safety in danger. Two ships carrying child evacuees were torpedoed ( 破坏)in 1940. One was the Dutch liner Volendam with 320 children on August 30. The crew managed to get the life boats off and saved the children. They were returned to Glasgow. The other was the City of Benares, an ocean liner with 200 British and foreign civilian passengers and 93 British children with a guard of nurses, teachers, and a clergyman. It was torpedoed on September 13. The crew attempted to launch the life boats as Benares began to sink. The rough weather made this difficult, so many of the passengers in the life boats died in the extreme conditions. Only 15 children survived. Churchill, when he learned of the disaster, decided to end the overseas evacuation scheme. 59. The whole passage is mainly about _____. A. bombing Britain C. German U-boats A. They were concerned about their children. B. They were threatened by Stanley Baldwin. C. They were frightened by German invasion. D. They longed to go to commonwealth nations. 61. The underlined word “eligible” in the last sentence of Paragraph 3 probably means _____. A. qualified B. accessible C. hopeful D. popular 62. Churchill decided to end the evacuation scheme mainly because _____. A. so many people needed evacuating B. the weather in the Atlantic was rough C. the crew were inexperienced in saving people D. liners easily became the targets of the German U-boats D “The really big concern over the last decade,” according to Dr. David Whitehead, “is the relative loss of opportunities for children to engage in child-led play.” That's true. One of the exhausting aspects of modern parenting is that everything, even doing nothing, has to be purposeful. Now that “parenting” has become a verb — a state of doing, rather than simply being — it can fed unnatural to leave your children to their own devices. Yet it creates spaces in which good things can happen. The psychology lecturer is responding to a survey showing that 80 percent of parents of small children feel under pressure to fill their days with “structured” activities. This, says Dr. Whitehead, is a mistake. Leaving your children to play on their own or with their peers enables them to develop “self-regulation abilities”, which in turn leads to better academic achievement. One afternoon last autumn, sitting on a bench doing no parenting at all, I suddenly felt I was getting the hang of it. That afternoon, my sister and I took our children to the park. We had lots to talk about, so we sat down on a bench and drove the children away. After briefly complaining, the cousins wandered off and started jumping into puddles ( 水洼). They jumped and jumped, and then one of them kicked some muddy water at the others. My sister and I, deep in conversation, didn't notice this. So my nephew became more adventurous. He scooped up a handful of mud and threw it on my son's head. My son caught his breath happily, wiped the mud out of his eyes, and threw one back. My nephew, who has a talent for naming things, puffed out his tiny chest and roared: “Let's play Muddikins!” The rules of Muddikins are simple. You run around throwing mud at each other until everyone is so thickly coated that you can no longer be sure which child is whose. Nothing is learnt from it; nobody is improved. It is pure fun, of the sort that can only happen when parents drop the reins (缰绳). They did it. “ Whoa, that's so cool,” said one. “I wish my mum was like you.” 63. What is stressed in Paragraph 1? A. Child-led play matters in the development of children. 高三英语试题 第 6 页 （共 8 页） B. children evacuation D. loss of children
60. What can we learn about the British people according to the passage?
B. Parents' concern over their children is unnecessary. C. Children's activities should be well organized. D. Parenting is everything in a family. 64. What does the author think of the behavior of the children in the puddles? A. Amazing. C. Adventurous. A. The reins were dropped. B. She failed to distinguish her child. C. The children learned from the Muddikins. D. She confirmed Dr. David Whitehead's theory. 66. The text is mainly about the relationship between A. parents and children C. play and acquisition _____. B. individual and group D. theory and practice E Before we start a voyage, we usually try to find out more or less definitely where we are bound and how we are supposed to get there. I happen to have the “Concise Oxford dictionary” on my desk and that will do as well as any other. The word I am looking for appears at the bottom of Page 344. edition 1912. “Geography: the science of the earth's surface, form, physical features, natural and political divisions, climate, productions and population.” I could not possibly hope to do better, but I still stress some of the aspects of the case at the expenses of others, because I intend to place man in the centre of the stage. This book of mine will not merely discuss the surface of the earth and its physical features, together with its political and natural boundaries. I would rather call it a study of man in search of food and shelter and leisure for himself and for his family and an attempt to his background or has reshaped his physical surroundings in order to be comfortable and well nourished and happy with his limited strength. Among the two million human beings in the world, there is of course the widest possible range for all sorts of experiments of an economic and social and cultural nature. It seems me that those experiments deserve our attention before anything else. For a mountain is after all merely a mountain until it has been seen by human eyes and has been walked on by human feet and until its and slopes and valleys have been occupied and fought over and planted by a dozen generation of hungry settlers. The Atlantic Ocean was just as wide and deep and as wet and salty before the beginning of the 13th century as after, but it took the human touch to make it what it is today—a bridge between the New World and the Old, the highway for the commerce between East and West. For thousands of years the endless Russian plains lay ready to offer their abundant harvest to whoever should take the trouble to sow the first grain. But the aspect of that country today would he a very different one if the hand of a German or a Frank, rather than that of a Slav, had guided the iron-pointed stick that plowed the first furrows (犁沟). The island of Nippon would shake and quake just as continually, whether they happened to be settled by Japanese or by the Tasmanian race, but in the latter case they would hardly be able to feed 60,000,000 people. Generally speaking, I have paid more attention to the purely “human” side of geography than to the commercial problems which are so important in a day and age devoted to mass production. 67. In the first four paragraphs, the author wants to share with the readers ______. A. his approach to planning a voyage C. his definition of the word “geography” A. Exploring a mountain. C. Planting on slopes and valleys. A. It is wide, deep, wet and salty. B. his emphasis on using a dictionary D. his altitude to the earth's physical features B. Climbing a mountain. D. Becoming hungry. B. Human touch makes it important. 高三英语试题 第 7 页 （共 8 页） B. Troublesome. D. Worthwhile.
65. By saying “They did it” in the last paragraph, the author means that ______ .
68. Which of the following will the author NOT consider to be on experiment according to Paragraph 5?
69. Which of the following is implied about the Atlantic Ocean?
C. There is a bridge over it. A. they both feed a lot of people B. they enjoy very good natural conditions C. different people may make the same place different
D. The highway is busy there.
70. The author mentioned the Russian plains and the island of Nippon to show that _____.
D. their natural conditions haven't changed for many years 第四部分：书面表达（共两节，满分 50 分） 第一节：完成句子（共 10 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 20 分） 阅读下列各小题，根据汉语提示，用句末括号内的英语单词完成句子，并将答案写在答题卡上的相应题号后。 71. The only decent hotel in town had hung out a “Full House” sign, so their only choice was __________________at a small inn . (put) 这镇上唯一像样的旅馆挂牌“客满”，他们只好投宿一家小店. 72. —He is so lucky to win the gold medal in the world championship. —But I guess he __________________ tough training. (go) —他真幸运在世界锦标赛中获得金牌。 —但我想他肯定经过了严格的训练。 73. What a shame! Not at all __________________ at that time that we should start developing good habits to save our planet. (strike) 真遗憾啊！那时我没想到我们必须开始养成好习惯来拯救这颗星球。 74. Experts' advice to university students is that __________________ not only pay and benefits but also working conditions and the job's outlook when landing a job. (account) 专家给大学生的建议是：他们找工作时不仅要考虑工资和收益，也要考虑工作环境和职业前景。 75. With __________________ in global economy, the cooperation between Chinese manufacturing enterprises should be intensified. (grow) 随着全球经济竞争加剧，我国制造企业之间的相互协作应进一步增强。 76. Up to now, we __________________ if we can all work together, we will be able to create a better tomorrow! (convince) 到目前，我们已深信不疑如果大家万众一心，我们一定能够创造一个更加美好的明天。 77. My family are fascinated by the program “Running Man” and we will watch it every week __________________ our work. (busy) 我们家人对《奔跑吧兄弟》这个节目着了迷，不管我们工作多忙，每周都会看。 78. China Dream is meant to let Chinese people __________________ those in any other country in the world. (live) 中国梦就是要让中国人在全世界人民中生活最幸福。 79. There are three kinds of cloth to make a dress with, none__________________ easily. (tear) 这儿有三种布料可以用来做裙子，它们都不容易撕破。 80. __________________ by the government to stop pollution is one of the issues that concern the public most. (measure) 政府将采取什么措施来遏制污染是民众最关心的问题之一。 第二节: 短文写作（共 1 题；满分 30 分） 请你根据以下提示，并结合事例，用英语写一篇短文。 Entertainment activities can surely bring you pleasure; however, it is the same with helping to do the housework. 注意: ①无须写标题； ②除诗歌外，文体不限； ③内容必须结合你生活中的一个事例； ④文中不得透露个人姓名和学校名称； ⑤词数不少于 120，如引用提示语则不计入总词数。
高三英语试题 第 8 页 （共 8 页）