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Lesson 11-12


Lesson 11

One good turn deserves another

★turn n. 行为, 举止 turn n.(帮助或损害他人的)举动、行为 do sb. a good/bad/ill turn e.g. Yesterday George did me a good/an ill turn. 乔治昨天做了一件对我有利/不利的事。 He is always ready to do a turn for others. 他总是乐于为他人做好事。 behavior n. 行为, 举止 Pay attention to your behavior. ★deserve v. 应得到, 值得 ① deserve + n. 应该得到……,值得……,应得(奖赏、惩罚等) e.g. Yor deserve the best. 你应该得到最好的 His words deserve attention. 他的话值得注意。 ② deserve to do sth. 应该…… e.g. Good work deserves good pay. 多劳多得 ★lawyer n. 律师 lawyer's office 律师事务所 ★bank n. 银行 banker 银行家 rob the bank 抢银行

★salary n. 工资 (Special difficulties B b) n. 薪金,薪水(月薪, 年薪,通常指职员、脑力劳动者(如律师、教师、医 salary 生等)有固定工作或管理阶层的收入,数额比较固定,一般按月支付) th e.g. My salary is paid on the 28 of the month. n. 工资,工钱(按小时, 周计算的,通常指技工或一般体力劳动者,不稳定的 wage 工作人的收入,按周或天支付。一般用复数形式 wages)。 e.g. Women often get low wages. 妇女的报酬通常很低。 n. 工资(salary+wage,通用) pay n. 奖金, 分红 bonus v. 搜集, 领取 collect salary/wage 领工资 collet ★immediately adv. 立刻 right away =at once =immediately 立刻, 马上 【课文讲解】 课文讲解】 1、One good turn deserves another 、 礼尚往来, 礼尚往来 善有善报 one bad turn deserves another 恶有恶报 2、He gets a good salary, but he always borrows money from his friends and 、 never pays it back. get a good salary 薪水很高 从……借…… borrow sth. from sb.

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never=not 前面不需要加助动词 never=not ” 。Pay pay 在这里的意思是“偿还(债务等),还可解释为“付,支付(价款、账单)等” 既是及物动词也可以是不及物动词。 e.g. How much did you pay for that dress? pay back 还钱 3、Tony saw me and came and sat at the same table. 、 and 连接三个并列的动词 at the same table 坐在同一张桌子旁边 at table 吃饭 at the table 坐在桌子旁边 4、'I have never borrowed any money from you,' Tony said, 'so now you can pay 、 for my dinner!' pay for 为……而付钱 I have paid for you a dinner. I have paid 20 dollars for the book. ask (sb.) for sth. 问……要…… It's my treat. 我请客 This time is your treat. Next time is my turn. Let's go dutch. AA 制

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structures】 【Key structures】 复习一般现在时,一般过去时,现在进行时,现在完成时 Difficulties】 【Special Difficulties】 动词+名词/代词+ 动词+名词/代词+带 to 的不定式 某些动词之后的带 to 的不定式之前可以有一个名词或代词。有些动词后的名词/代词可 有可无,但有和没有经常影响影响整个句子的意义。 I asked him to lend me twenty pounds. I want to speak to John. I want you to speak to John. Would you like to do sth.? I’d like sb. to do sth. I’d like to do sth. 还有一些动词后面用不定式作宾语时,其后通常必须有一名词或代词。这类动词有 allow,advise,help,teach,tell,request 等,这类动词不但可用于主动语态,也可用 于被动语态: We were not allowed to see the picture. hope 一定不能说 hope sb. to do sth.,正确用法是 hope to do (希望自己)或 hope that(希望别人)

Translation
1. 2. 3. 4. She did me a good turn by lending me some money. 她做了件好事把钱借给我了。 They deserved to be punished. 他们应该受罚。 Tom did not allow us to see the picture.汤姆没让我们看那张相片 When I worked as a waiter, the wages were low, but the tips were good.我当服 务生时,工资不高,但小费可观。

Writing
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. dinner---restaurant---Tony Steele work---lawyer’s office---now---bank good salary---always borrow---his friends---never---back see me---come---sit---table never borrow---me while---eat---ask---lend me 20 pounds surprise---give me---immediately ‘I-never-money-you,’ Tony-, ‘so now-pay-dinner’

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Lesson 12

Goodbye and good luck

★luck n. 运气, 幸运 good luck =break your leg 祝你好运 lucky adj. 幸运的 lucky dog 幸运儿 lucky day e.g. It’s my lucky day. 今天我真幸运 luckily adv. 幸运地 unlucky adj. 不幸的 ★sail v. 航行 ① vi. (船)航行,扬帆行驶 e.g. The ship is sailing for New York. ② vi. (人)乘船航行 e.g. I want to sail around the world. ③ n. 帆,篷 e.g. This boat has white sails. ★harbour n. 港口 port n. 港口 air port

幸运日

航空港

★proud adj. 自豪,自满 be proud of 以……为自豪,为(某人)感到自豪 e.g. Parents are proud of their children. pride n. 自豪 take pride in 以……为自豪 adj. 重要的 importance n. 重大 ★important ant ance silent; distant; patient; efficient; emergent; frequent 【课文讲解】 课文讲解】 1、We'll meet him at the harbour early in the morning. 、 在表示时间的短语 in the morning,in the afternoon 等前面可以再加上 early,late 等副词,以便确切地表示时间 early in the morning 一大早 late in the afternoon 傍晚 2、It has sailed across the Atlantic many times. 、 across 是对某个细长物“横切、横断、横渡”等,尤指河流、马路、海洋等 e.g. walk across the street through 指从内部穿过 e.g. Sunshine goes through the glass of the window. We all know that sound can travel through air the Atlantic =the Atlantic Ocean 大西洋 太平洋 the Pacific Ocean 北冰洋 the Arctic Ocean 印度洋 the Indian Ocean once,twice,three times… 表示次数的时候,经常与完成时态连用 I do something twice.

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3、Captain Alison will set out at eight o'clock, so we'll have plenty of time. 、 set out/set off/begin something 出发,动身 plenty =enough 相对多,充足的,足够的 plenty of 足够多的…… I have plenty of money. 4、We'll see his boat and then we'll say goodbye to him. 、 see = visit 参观 say goodbye (to sb.);say hello to (to sb.);say sorry to (to sb.) e.g. I said hello to him this morning. You must say sorry to somebody. 5、He will be away for two months. 、 瞬间动词不是不能用完成时态, 而是指不能与段时间连用, 一旦要用段时间就要将其 变为 “系表结构” 即 “be + 形容词或介词短语构成” He has been away for two hours. =He left two hours ago.点时间 有的动词可用 be+形容词系表结构表状态来代替 arrive= be here/there ;leave= be away ;die = be dead ; e.g. He arrived three days ago. = He has been here for three days. He died two years ago. = He has been dead for two years. 6、He will take part in an important race across the Atlantic. 、 take part (in) 参加,参与(某项活动) enter (for) 报名参加 e.g. I have entered for the meeting,but now I don't want to take part in the meeting. an important race across the Atlantic 横渡大西洋的比赛(介词短语做定语放 在被修饰词的后面) e.g. the person at the door be in the race = take part in the race 参加比赛 at the race 在比赛场地观看比赛 structures】 【Key structures】 一般将来时 1、一般将来时表示将要发生的动作或存在的状态 2、将来时的结构 ① 基本结构: shall/will + 动词原形 shall 常用在第一人称 I 或 we 的后面,而 will 可用于所有人称,缩略为’ll,否定式 中, will not 可缩略为’ll not 或 won’t, shall not 缩略 shan’t (在美语中很少用 shall) ② be going to do sth./ be gonna do sth.(美语) 打算做某事; be going to 与 will 一般可以互换,但与打算无关含义的句子, will 与 be going to do 不能互换 I’ll miss you. (不能用 be going to) He'll lose. 他要输了。 (不能用 be going to) I'll be sixteen years old next year. (不能用 be going to)

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be going to 与 will 的区别 a. be going to 表示近期、眼下就要发生的事情,will 表示的将来时间则较远一些,如: e.g. He is going to write a letter tonight. He will write a book one day. b. be going to 表示根据客观判断将来肯定发生的事情,will 表示主观上将来势必发生的 事情。 e.g. It is going to rain. He will be twenty years old. c. be going to 含 有 “ 计 划 , 准 备 ” 的 意 思 , 而 will 则 没 有 这 个 意 思 , 如 : e.g. She is going to lend us her book. He will be here in half an hour. d. 在有条件从句的主句中,一般不用 be going to, 而多用 will, 如: e.g. If any beasts comes at you, I'll stay with you and help you. ③ be + to do sth. 表示计划安排在某事或用来征求意见 e.g. I am to have a holiday. ④ be about to do sth. 即将做某事. e.g. I’m going to go home. (时间不定,可能 1 小时或 2 小时后) I’m about to go home. (马上就要回家) ⑤be doing (瞬间动词) 用现在进行时表示将来时态 用现在进行时表示将来的动词有:go,come,arrive,leave,die,stay, meet ⑥在条件句及时间状语从句中,可用一般现在时表示将要发生,如 when, as soon as, before, after, if, unless e.g. If it doesn’t rain tomorrow, we will have the sports meeting. Difficulties】 【Special Difficulties】 be+副词构成的表语 be+副词构成的表语 动词 be 如与不同的副词连用意义不同,意思主要由副词的意义决定: be in 在家;be out 出去;be away 离开;be on 上映;be back 回来;be over 结束;be up to sth.胜任某件事情, 能够做某件事 set+副词构成的短语动词 set+副词构成的短语动词 set out 出发,动身 e.g. When’ll you set out for London? set off 出发,启程 e.g. I’ll set off for home the day after tomorrow. set up 创立,建立; record)创造……记录 (a e.g. Mr. Jackson has set up a school in the village. Has Tom set up a new world record?

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Translation 1. It was proud moment for Hohn when he shook hands with the superstar. 2. Mary is so self-important tha she makes me sick. 3. It is going to rain because it is dark outside. 4. I will come to visit him as soon as he comes back. 5. His father has set a good example for his children. Writing
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. neighbor-Alison-sail-tomorrow meet him-harbour-morning will be-boat, Topsail famous-boat sail-Atlantic-time Captain Alison-set out-o’clock so we-plenty of time shall see-then-say-goodbye we-very-proud take part-important race-Atlantic

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